CN111011890A - Fountain brush apple cleaning machine - Google Patents

Fountain brush apple cleaning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111011890A
CN111011890A CN201911390169.1A CN201911390169A CN111011890A CN 111011890 A CN111011890 A CN 111011890A CN 201911390169 A CN201911390169 A CN 201911390169A CN 111011890 A CN111011890 A CN 111011890A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
spray
brush
left end
apple
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911390169.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱恩龙
郭红莲
胡云峰
陈君然
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin University of Science and Technology
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Tianjin University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin University of Science and Technology filed Critical Tianjin University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201911390169.1A priority Critical patent/CN111011890A/en
Publication of CN111011890A publication Critical patent/CN111011890A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • A23N12/023Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching for washing potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit

Abstract

The invention discloses a spray type brush apple cleaning machine, which comprises a hollow cleaning pool (15); a hollow feeding bin (1) which is arranged downwards is arranged at the top opening of the left end of the cleaning pool (15) in a downward inclining way; the right end of the feeding bin is lower than the left end; the left end of the feeding bin is provided with an opening and is used for placing apples; the right end opening of the feeding bin is connected with the left end inlet of the brush roller group which is arranged in a downward inclination manner; the outlet at the right end of the brush roller group is connected with the top of the left end of the first metal mesh belt conveyor (6); the right end of the first metal mesh belt conveyor (6) transversely penetrates through the right side wall of the cleaning pool (15) and is positioned right above the top opening of the hollow containing box (8); a plurality of spray heads (5) are arranged right above the brush roller group; the spray head (5) is connected with a spraying device. The invention can effectively combine liquid spraying and brush mechanical contact, effectively clean fruits and vegetables such as apples, remove dirt on the surfaces of the fruits and vegetables such as apples and achieve a clean state.

Description

Fountain brush apple cleaning machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of fruit and vegetable deep processing pretreatment, in particular to a spray type brush apple cleaning machine.
Background
At present, the fruits and vegetables need to be cleaned before deep processing so as to smoothly carry out subsequent operation, and after the fruits and vegetables are classified, manual or automatic cleaning equipment can be adopted for cleaning.
However, the labor intensity of manual cleaning of fruits and vegetables is high, and the cleanliness of the fruits and vegetables is inconsistent.
Therefore, at present, there is an urgent need to develop a device which can effectively clean fruits and vegetables such as apples, remove dirt on the surfaces of the fruits and vegetables such as apples, and achieve a clean state.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a spraying type brush apple cleaning machine aiming at the technical defects in the prior art.
Therefore, the invention provides a spray type brush apple cleaning machine which is characterized by comprising a hollow cleaning pool;
a hollow feeding bin which is arranged downwards and downwards is arranged at an opening at the top of the left end of the cleaning pool;
the right end of the feeding bin is lower than the left end;
the left end of the feeding bin is provided with an opening and is used for placing apples;
the right end opening of the feeding bin is connected with the left end inlet of the brush roller group which is arranged in a downward inclination manner;
the outlet at the right end of the brush roller group is connected with the top of the left end of the first metal mesh belt conveyor;
the right end of the first metal mesh belt conveyor transversely penetrates through the right side wall of the cleaning pool and is positioned right above the top opening of the hollow containing box;
a plurality of spray heads are arranged right above the brush roller group;
the spray head is connected with a spraying device, and the spraying device is used for providing water required by spraying for the spray head.
Wherein, the spraying equipment comprises a circulating water pipe;
the right inlet of the circulating water pipe is inserted into the lower part of the inner side of the cleaning pool;
the left end outlet of the circulating water pipe is connected with the right end of the electric circulating water valve bank;
the left end of the electric circulating water valve bank is connected with a water inlet on the right side of the water pump;
the water outlet at the top of the water pump is connected with the lower end of the left side of the connecting pipe;
the right end of the connecting pipe is connected with the left end of the transversely arranged spray pipe;
a plurality of spray heads are arranged at the bottom of the spray pipe at equal intervals;
the water inlet of each spray head is communicated with the spray pipe.
For the spraying equipment, a connecting pipeline between the electric circulating water valve group and the water pump is also connected with the lower end of an electric water inlet valve group;
the top of the electric water inlet valve group is a clean cleaning water inlet, and the top of the electric water inlet valve group is connected with an external water supply pipeline.
Wherein, for the spraying equipment, the spraying equipment also comprises a liquid level transmitter;
the liquid level transmitter is connected with the inner side of the cleaning pool and is arranged right above the circulating water pipe in the cleaning pool.
Wherein, wash pond right side bottom, still link to each other with electronic discharge valve group.
The brush roller group comprises a plurality of upper brush rollers and a plurality of lower brush rollers which are vertically and symmetrically distributed;
the upper roller group consisting of a plurality of upper brush rollers and the lower roller group consisting of a plurality of lower brush rollers are parallel to each other and are provided with reserved clearance channels.
Wherein, the spray pipe and the spray head are positioned right above the upper brush roller.
Compared with the prior art, the spray type brush apple cleaning machine provided by the invention can effectively combine a liquid spray mode and a brush mechanical contact mode, effectively clean fruits and vegetables such as apples, remove dirt on the surfaces of the fruits and vegetables such as apples, achieve a clean state, and has great production practice significance.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a spray type brush apple cleaning machine provided by the present invention;
1 is a feeding bin, 2 is an upper brush roller, 3 is a spray pipe, 4 is a lower brush roller and 5 is a spray head;
6 is a first metal mesh belt conveyor, 7 is an electric drainage valve group, 8 is a storage box, 9 is a liquid level transmitter, and 10 is a circulating water pipe;
an electric circulating water valve group 11, an electric water inlet valve group 12, a water pump 13, a connecting pipe 14 and a cleaning pool 15;
Detailed Description
In order that those skilled in the art will better understand the technical solution of the present invention, the following detailed description of the present invention is provided in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1, the invention provides a spray type brush apple cleaning machine, which is specifically used for cleaning apples in a spray cleaning and brush cleaning mode, and specifically comprises a hollow cleaning tank 15;
a hollow feeding bin 1 which is arranged downwards and downwards is arranged at the top opening of the left end of the cleaning pool 15;
the right end of the feeding bin 1 is lower than the left end;
the left end of the feeding bin 1 is provided with an opening and is used for placing apples;
the right end opening of the feeding bin 1 is connected with the left end inlet of the brush roller group which is arranged in a downward inclination manner;
the outlet at the right end of the brush roller group is connected with the top of the left end of the first metal mesh belt conveyor 6;
the right end of the first metal mesh belt conveyor 6 transversely penetrates through the right side wall of the cleaning pool 15 and is positioned right above the top opening of the hollow containing box 8;
a plurality of spray heads 5 are arranged right above the brush roller group;
the spray head 5 is connected with a spraying device, and the spraying device is used for providing water required by spraying for the spray head 5.
In the present invention, in a specific implementation, the spraying device includes a circulating water pipe 10;
the right inlet of the circulating water pipe 10 is inserted into the lower part of the inner side of the cleaning pool 15 (a filter screen can be arranged on the upper part);
the left end outlet of the circulating water pipe 10 is connected with the right end of the electric circulating water valve group 11;
the left end of the electric circulating water valve group 11 is connected with a water inlet on the right side of the water pump 13;
a water outlet at the top of the water pump 13 is connected with the lower end of the left side of the connecting pipe 14;
the right end of the connecting pipe 14 is connected with the left end of the transversely arranged spray pipe 3;
a plurality of spray heads 5 are arranged at the bottom of the spray pipe 3 at equal intervals;
the water inlet of each spray head 5 is communicated with the spray pipe 3,
in the concrete implementation, for spraying equipment, a connecting pipeline between the electric circulating water valve group 11 and the water pump 13 is also connected with the lower end of an electric water inlet valve group 12;
the top of valve block 12 is a clean wash water inlet, and valve block 12 is connected to an external water supply line (e.g., a tap water line).
In particular, the spraying equipment also comprises a liquid level transmitter 9;
the liquid level transmitter 9 is connected with the inner side of the cleaning pool 15 and is arranged right above the circulating water pipe 10 in the cleaning pool 15.
In the concrete realization, the bottom of the right side of the cleaning pool 15 is also connected with the electric drainage valve group 7.
Specifically, the brush roller group comprises a plurality of upper brush rollers 2 and a plurality of lower brush rollers 4 which are distributed in an up-and-down symmetrical manner (specifically, in an axisymmetric manner);
the upper roller group consisting of the upper brush rollers 2 and the lower roller group consisting of the lower brush rollers 4 are parallel to each other and are provided with reserved clearance channels, and the size of the reserved clearance channels is larger than the preset maximum size of fruits (such as apples) to be cleaned.
It should be noted that each upper brush roller rotates counterclockwise, and each lower brush roller rotates clockwise, which may be specifically driven by an external motor, and a specific driving structure is well known in the art and will not be described herein again.
In the concrete realization, the spray pipe 3 and the spray head 5 are positioned right above the upper brush roller 2.
It should be noted that the cleaning tank 15 is a hollow casing, and the upper end, the lower end and the periphery of the cleaning tank are provided with protective casings.
According to the technical scheme, the spray type brush apple cleaning machine comprises a feeding bin 1, an upper brush roller 2, a spray pipe 3, a lower brush roller 4, a spray head 5, a first metal mesh belt conveyor 6, an electric drainage valve bank 7, a storage box 8, a liquid level transmitter 9, a circulating water pipe 10, an electric circulating water valve bank 11, an electric water inlet valve bank 12, a water pump 13, a connecting pipe 14, a cleaning pool 15 and the like.
For the spray type brush apple cleaning machine provided by the invention, the working process is as follows:
the apples are manually placed at a left inlet of a feeding bin 1, the apples obliquely roll downwards along the feeding bin to a channel between an upper brush roller 2 and the left side of a lower brush roller 4, because the upper brush roller 2 rotates anticlockwise, the lower brush roller 4 rotates clockwise, the apples roll along the channel between the upper brush roller and the lower brush roller under the combined action of the upper brush roller and the lower brush roller, meanwhile, clean tap water enters a pipeline of an electric circulating water valve group 11 from an upper inlet of an electric water inlet valve group 12 through an electromagnetic valve through a lower outlet, enters a water pump 13 through an inlet of the water pump 13, enters a connecting pipe 14 from an outlet of the water pump 13, enters a spray head 5 through a spray pipe 3, water is changed into water drop fog under the combined action of a pump pressure and the spray head, and is sprayed on the upper brush roller 2 right below, the surface of the apples is under the combined action of the brushes of the upper brush roller 2 and the lower brush roller 4 and spray water, and performing mechanical contact type cleaning and spray cleaning. The cleaned apples enter the left end metal mesh belt of the first metal mesh belt conveyor 6 through the left and right ends of the upper brush roller 2 and the lower brush roller 4, are conveyed to the right end of the first metal mesh belt conveyor 6, then slide into the storage box 8 to be collected, and the cleaned apples are obtained.
Wherein, the water after cleaning the apple is filtered by the inlet at the bottom of the circulating water pipe 10, enters the inlet of the electric circulating water valve group 11 from the outlet, and then enters the inlet of the water pump 13 from the outlet, and the circulation from clean tap water to the filtered spray water is completed. The water level height of 15 in the cleaning pool can be started and closed through the solenoid valve of the liquid level transmitter 9 control electric drainage valve group 7, and the purpose of discharging redundant water is achieved, so that the liquid level height of the cleaning pool 15 is guaranteed, the liquid level is prevented from being too high, and the net belt adhesion of the first metal net belt conveyor 6 is not provided with filtered spray water, and the cleanliness of the surface of the apple is guaranteed.
It should be noted that, the fruits and vegetables need to be cleaned before deep processing so as to smoothly carry out the subsequent operation, and after the fruits and vegetables are classified, the cleaning machine provided by the invention can be used for cleaning, so that the productivity can be effectively improved, the labor intensity can be reduced, the water can be saved, and the mechanical damage can be reduced.
According to the cleaning machine disclosed by the invention, dirt on the surface of the apple can be effectively removed in a combined manner by means of liquid spraying and brush mechanical contact, so that a clean state is achieved. The cleaning mode has the characteristics of high cleaning cleanliness, no mechanical damage and water conservation, and has good universality for blocky fruits and vegetables.
In summary, compared with the prior art, the spray type brush apple cleaning machine provided by the invention can effectively combine a liquid spray mode and a brush mechanical contact mode, effectively clean fruits and vegetables such as apples, remove dirt on the surfaces of the fruits and vegetables such as apples, achieve a clean state, and has great production practice significance.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A spray type brush apple cleaning machine is characterized by comprising a hollow cleaning pool (15);
a hollow feeding bin (1) which is arranged downwards is arranged at the top opening of the left end of the cleaning pool (15) in a downward inclining way;
the right end of the feeding bin (1) is lower than the left end;
the left end of the feeding bin (1) is opened and is used for placing apples;
the right end opening of the feeding bin (1) is connected with the left end inlet of the brush roller group which is arranged in a downward inclination manner;
the outlet at the right end of the brush roller group is connected with the top of the left end of the first metal mesh belt conveyor (6);
the right end of the first metal mesh belt conveyor (6) transversely penetrates through the right side wall of the cleaning pool (15) and is positioned right above the top opening of the hollow containing box (8);
a plurality of spray heads (5) are arranged right above the brush roller group;
the spray head (5) is connected with a spraying device, and the spraying device is used for providing water required by spraying for the spray head (5).
2. The spray brush apple washer according to claim 1, wherein the spray means comprises a circulating water pipe (10);
the inlet at the right end of the circulating water pipe (10) is inserted into the lower part of the inner side of the cleaning pool (15);
the left end outlet of the circulating water pipe (10) is connected with the right end of the electric circulating water valve group (11);
the left end of the electric circulating water valve group (11) is connected with a water inlet on the right side of the water pump (13);
a water outlet at the top of the water pump (13) is connected with the lower end of the left side of the connecting pipe (14);
the right end of the connecting pipe (14) is connected with the left end of the transversely arranged spray pipe (3);
a plurality of spray heads (5) are arranged at the bottom of the spray pipe (3) at equal intervals;
the water inlet of each spray head (5) is communicated with the spray pipe (3).
3. The spray type brush apple cleaning machine according to claim 2, wherein for the spraying equipment, the connecting pipeline between the electric circulating water valve group (11) and the water pump (13) is also connected with the lower end of an electric water inlet valve group (12);
the top of the electric water inlet valve group (12) is a clean cleaning water inlet, and the top of the electric water inlet valve group (12) is connected with an external water supply pipeline.
4. The spray brush apple washer according to claim 2, further comprising a liquid level transmitter (9) for the spray equipment;
the liquid level transmitter (9) is connected with the inner side of the cleaning pool (15) and is arranged right above the circulating water pipe (10) in the cleaning pool (15).
5. The spray brush apple washer according to claim 1, wherein the bottom of the right side of the washing tank (15) is further connected to an electric discharge valve bank (7).
6. The spray-type brush apple washing machine according to claim 1, wherein the brush roller group comprises a plurality of upper brush rollers (2) and a plurality of lower brush rollers (4) which are symmetrically distributed up and down;
the upper roller set consisting of a plurality of upper brush rollers (2) and the lower roller set consisting of a plurality of lower brush rollers (4) are parallel to each other and are provided with reserved clearance channels.
7. The spray-type brush apple cleaning machine according to claim 6, wherein the spray pipe (3) and the spray head (5) are located directly above the upper brush roller (2).
CN201911390169.1A 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Fountain brush apple cleaning machine Pending CN111011890A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911390169.1A CN111011890A (en) 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Fountain brush apple cleaning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911390169.1A CN111011890A (en) 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Fountain brush apple cleaning machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111011890A true CN111011890A (en) 2020-04-17

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ID=70199322

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911390169.1A Pending CN111011890A (en) 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 Fountain brush apple cleaning machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111011890A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112189864A (en) * 2020-10-11 2021-01-08 苗宝俊 Be used for abluent desilting device fast to vegetables
CN113406070A (en) * 2021-05-17 2021-09-17 东莞市腾科自动化设备有限公司 Intelligent automatic appearance detection device based on machine vision

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2899982Y (en) * 2006-04-21 2007-05-16 浙江五芳斋实业股份有限公司 Cleaner for reed leaf
CN201674982U (en) * 2010-05-14 2010-12-22 福建南海食品有限公司 Automatic honey pomelo cleaning machine
CN203040627U (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-07-10 新疆疆宁轻工机械工程技术有限责任公司 Combined red date cleaning device
CN204180885U (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-03-04 张广达 The novel spary cleaning impurity removing machine of double-deck hairbrush
CN204560898U (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-08-19 福建绿宝食品集团有限公司 A kind of straw mushroom hairbrush impurity removing machine
CN205409558U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-08-03 重庆市首农生态农业开发有限公司 Vegetables cleaning equipment
CN207204689U (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-04-10 桂阳县绿之源生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of root of kudzu vine automatic cleaning equipment
CN108244673A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-07-06 中南林业科技大学 Jujube fruit cleaning equipment and jujube fruit cleaning system
CN109419013A (en) * 2017-08-20 2019-03-05 仪征聚贤生态农业有限公司 A kind of apple fountain hairbrush-cleaning machine
CN211832728U (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-11-03 天津科技大学 Fountain brush apple cleaning machine

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2899982Y (en) * 2006-04-21 2007-05-16 浙江五芳斋实业股份有限公司 Cleaner for reed leaf
CN201674982U (en) * 2010-05-14 2010-12-22 福建南海食品有限公司 Automatic honey pomelo cleaning machine
CN203040627U (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-07-10 新疆疆宁轻工机械工程技术有限责任公司 Combined red date cleaning device
CN204180885U (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-03-04 张广达 The novel spary cleaning impurity removing machine of double-deck hairbrush
CN204560898U (en) * 2015-03-31 2015-08-19 福建绿宝食品集团有限公司 A kind of straw mushroom hairbrush impurity removing machine
CN205409558U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-08-03 重庆市首农生态农业开发有限公司 Vegetables cleaning equipment
CN109419013A (en) * 2017-08-20 2019-03-05 仪征聚贤生态农业有限公司 A kind of apple fountain hairbrush-cleaning machine
CN207204689U (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-04-10 桂阳县绿之源生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of root of kudzu vine automatic cleaning equipment
CN108244673A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-07-06 中南林业科技大学 Jujube fruit cleaning equipment and jujube fruit cleaning system
CN211832728U (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-11-03 天津科技大学 Fountain brush apple cleaning machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112189864A (en) * 2020-10-11 2021-01-08 苗宝俊 Be used for abluent desilting device fast to vegetables
CN113406070A (en) * 2021-05-17 2021-09-17 东莞市腾科自动化设备有限公司 Intelligent automatic appearance detection device based on machine vision
CN113406070B (en) * 2021-05-17 2023-02-28 东莞市腾科自动化设备有限公司 Intelligent automatic appearance detection device based on machine vision

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