CN111010936A - Novel agricultural machinery - Google Patents

Novel agricultural machinery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111010936A
CN111010936A CN201911332219.0A CN201911332219A CN111010936A CN 111010936 A CN111010936 A CN 111010936A CN 201911332219 A CN201911332219 A CN 201911332219A CN 111010936 A CN111010936 A CN 111010936A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveying
seed
fixed
fertilizer
vehicle body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201911332219.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王金山
杨德峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanling Jinlu Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Nanling Jinlu Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanling Jinlu Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Nanling Jinlu Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911332219.0A priority Critical patent/CN111010936A/en
Publication of CN111010936A publication Critical patent/CN111010936A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C7/00Sowing
    • A01C7/06Seeders combined with fertilising apparatus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/06Machines for making or covering drills or furrows for sowing or planting
    • A01C5/062Devices for making drills or furrows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/08Machines for both manuring and sowing or both manuring and planting

Abstract

The invention provides a novel agricultural machinery, which comprises a vehicle body, wherein an engine is fixed on the top end surface of the vehicle body, a seed conveying mechanism is arranged on one side of the engine, the seed conveying mechanism comprises a first seed conveying hopper, the first seed conveying hopper is fixed on the top end surface of the vehicle body, the bottom end of the first seed conveying hopper is in hot melting connection with a second seed conveying hopper, the second seed conveying hopper penetrates through a shell of the vehicle body, a seed conveying pipe is fixed at the bottom end of the second seed conveying hopper, a rotating shaft is arranged in the second seed conveying hopper, two ends of the rotating shaft penetrate through the shell of the second seed conveying hopper and are in rotating connection with the second seed conveying hopper, a material conveying roller is fixed on the outer surface of the rotating shaft, and a plurality of material conveying plates are radially fixed on the outer surface of the material conveying roller. According to the invention, through the matching of the rotating shaft and the material conveying roller, when seeds fall onto the radially fixed material conveying plates, the seeds are scattered into a field at intervals through the rotation of the material conveying roller on the material conveying plates.

Description

Novel agricultural machinery
Technical Field
The invention mainly relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to novel agricultural machinery.
Background
When an agricultural worker engages in agricultural activities, the conventional manual working mode is replaced by digging and sowing by using the sowing machine, so that the sowing efficiency is improved.
According to the agricultural seeding machine that patent document CN 208242174U provided, this product digs out the seed hole in the ground through the linkage combination of structure such as motor, commentaries on classics roller, feeler block and spade, can realize the seeding through structure such as motor, commentaries on classics roller, feeler block, baffle, seed funnel and discharging pipe and spill the kind, reaches the mode of the seeding that digs the hole and spill the seed formula integration as an organic whole through simple structure, but this product can't carry out effectual control to the flow of sowing.
The seeder can't control the flow of seeding, leads to the staff to sow the during operation, and the seed is difficult to even dispersion to the field to at the in-process of the growth of seed, the unable effectual nutrition in absorption field of some seeds can't sprout the growth, causes the waste of seed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly provides a novel agricultural machine for solving the technical problems in the background technology.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows:
a novel agricultural machinery comprises a vehicle body, wherein an engine is fixed on the top surface of the vehicle body, a seed conveying mechanism is arranged on one side of the engine and comprises a first seed conveying hopper, the first seed conveying hopper is fixed on the top surface of the vehicle body, a second seed conveying hopper is connected to the bottom end of the first seed conveying hopper in a hot melting mode and penetrates through a shell of the vehicle body, a seed conveying pipe is fixed at the bottom end of the second seed conveying hopper, a rotating shaft is arranged in the second seed conveying hopper, two ends of the rotating shaft penetrate through the shell of the second seed conveying hopper and is connected with the second seed conveying hopper in a rotating mode, a conveying roller is fixed on the outer surface of the rotating shaft, a plurality of conveying plates are radially fixed on the outer surface of the conveying roller, a shovel ditch is arranged on one side of the seed conveying pipe, and the ditching shovel is fixed on the bottom surface of the vehicle body, the fertilizer conveying mechanism is arranged on one side, away from the engine, of the seed conveying mechanism and comprises a fertilizer conveying barrel, the top end of the fertilizer conveying barrel is connected with a fertilizer conveying pipe through a water pump, and the fertilizer conveying pipe penetrates through a shell of the vehicle body.
Further, the both sides of defeated fertile section of thick bamboo are passed through the bolt fastening and are had the handrail, two the handrail symmetry sets up, and two the handrail is close to the one end of engine all is passed through the bolt fastening in on the casing of automobile body, two the handrail is kept away from the one end of engine all is equipped with the sponge handle, every the bottom of sponge handle all is equipped with a plurality of recesses.
Furthermore, the outer surface of one end of the rotating shaft penetrating through the second seed conveying hopper is fixedly provided with a driving gear, one end of the rotating shaft, far away from the driving gear, is connected with a motor through a coupler, and a base of the motor is fixed on the bottom end surface of the vehicle body through bolts.
Furthermore, a stirring shaft is arranged inside the fertilizer conveying cylinder, one end of the stirring shaft penetrates through the shell of the fertilizer conveying cylinder and is rotatably connected with the fertilizer conveying cylinder, and a plurality of stirring blades are fixed on two sides of the stirring shaft.
Furthermore, a driven gear is fixed on the outer surface of one end of the stirring shaft penetrating through the fertilizer conveying cylinder and is rotatably connected with the driving gear through a chain.
Further, the inner wall of the fertilizer conveying cylinder is coated with a polyurethane anticorrosive coating.
Furthermore, rubber pads are bonded on the surfaces of one sides, far away from the material conveying rollers, of the material conveying plates.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
firstly, the invention can uniformly scatter seeds in the field, prevent the seeds from being scattered too densely or sparsely to influence the absorption of the seeds, and when the motor drives the rotating shaft on the rotating shaft to rotate, the transporting roller fixed on the outer surface of the rotating shaft spreads the seeds into the field at intervals through the transporting plates radially fixed on the transporting roller by the matching of the rotating shaft and the transporting roller, thereby preventing the uneven sowing and improving the utilization efficiency of the field.
Secondly, the ditching, the sowing and the fertilizing can be integrally carried out, the ditching shovel, the seed conveying mechanism and the fertilizer conveying mechanism are matched, so that after the ditching shovel ditches, the seeds are uniformly scattered in a field by a material conveying plate in the seed conveying mechanism, finally the fertilizer in the fertilizer conveying cylinder is conveyed to a fertilizer conveying pipe by a water pump in the fertilizer conveying mechanism, the fertilizer is sprayed on the sowed land by the fertilizer conveying pipe, the work flow is three-in-one, and the work efficiency is accelerated.
The present invention will be explained in detail below with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial schematic view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a partial schematic structural view of the first seed conveying hopper, the second seed conveying hopper and the seed conveying pipe of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a partial schematic view of the seed transport mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a partial structure schematic diagram of the fertilizer delivery mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a vehicle body; 2. an engine; 3. a seed conveying mechanism; 31. a first seed conveying hopper; 32. a second seed conveying hopper; 33. a seed conveying pipe; 34. a rotating shaft; 35. a material conveying roller; 36. a material conveying plate; 37. a motor; 38. a driving gear; 39. a rubber pad; 4. a fertilizer delivery mechanism; 41. a driven gear; 42. a fertilizer conveying cylinder; 43. a fertilizer conveying pipe; 44. a handrail; 45. a stirring shaft; 46. a stirring blade; 47. a polyurethane corrosion resistant layer; 48. a sponge grip; 5. a ditching shovel.
Detailed Description
In order to facilitate an understanding of the invention, the invention will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which several embodiments of the invention are shown, but which may be embodied in different forms and not limited to the embodiments described herein, but which are provided so as to provide a more thorough and complete disclosure of the invention.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "secured to" another element, it can be directly on the other element or intervening elements may be present, and when an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present, as the terms "vertical", "horizontal", "left", "right" and the like are used herein for descriptive purposes only.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs, and the knowledge of the terms used herein in the specification of the present invention is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments and is not intended to limit the present invention, and the term "and/or" as used herein includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
Please refer to fig. 1-4, a novel agricultural machinery, comprising a vehicle body 1, an engine 2 is fixed on the top surface of the vehicle body 1, a seed transporting mechanism 3 is arranged on one side of the engine 2, the seed transporting mechanism 3 comprises a first seed transporting bucket 31, the first seed transporting bucket 31 is fixed on the top surface of the vehicle body 1, a second seed transporting bucket 32 is connected to the bottom end of the first seed transporting bucket 31 in a hot melting manner, the second seed transporting bucket 32 penetrates through the shell of the vehicle body 1, a seed transporting pipe 33 is fixed on the bottom end of the second seed transporting bucket 32, a rotating shaft 34 is arranged in the second seed transporting bucket 32, two ends of the rotating shaft 34 penetrate through the shell of the second seed transporting bucket 32 and are rotatably connected with the second seed transporting bucket 32, a material transporting roller 35 is fixed on the outer surface of the rotating shaft 34, a plurality of material transporting plates 36 are radially fixed on the outer surface of the material transporting roller 35, one side of seed delivery pipe 33 is equipped with ditching shovel 5, ditching shovel 5 is fixed in the bottom surface of automobile body 1, one side that seed delivery mechanism 3 keeps away from engine 2 is equipped with fertilizer conveying mechanism 4, fertilizer conveying mechanism 4 is including a fertilizer conveying barrel 42, the top of fertilizer conveying barrel 42 is connected with fertilizer delivery pipe 43 through the water pump, fertilizer delivery pipe 43 runs through the casing of automobile body 1.
Referring to fig. 1, handrails 44 are fixed to two sides of the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42 through bolts, the two handrails 44 are symmetrically arranged, one end of each handrail 44 close to the engine 2 is fixed to a shell of the vehicle body 1 through bolts, one end of each handrail 44 far away from the engine 2 is sleeved with a sponge handle 48, and a plurality of grooves are formed in the bottom end of each sponge handle 48. In the embodiment, the matching of the armrest 44 and the fertilizer delivery cylinder 42 enables the fertilizer delivery cylinder 42 to be blocked and supported by the armrests 44 on two sides thereof, so as to improve the structural stability of the fertilizer delivery cylinder 42, and the sponge grip 48 is matched with the armrest 44, so that when a worker holds the sponge grip 48 on the armrest 44, the worker fits the fingers of the worker through the grooves on the sponge grip 48, thereby increasing the comfort when using the armrest 44 and providing convenience for pushing the armrest 44.
Please refer to fig. 1, fig. 3 and fig. 4, a driving gear 38 is fixed on an outer surface of one end of the rotating shaft 34 penetrating through the second seed conveying bucket 32, an end of the rotating shaft 34 far away from the driving gear 38 is connected with a motor 37 through a coupling, a base of the motor 37 is fixed on a bottom end surface of the vehicle body 1 through a bolt, a driven gear 41 is fixed on an outer surface of one end of the stirring shaft 45 penetrating through the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42, and the driven gear 41 is rotatably connected with the driving gear 38 through a chain. In this embodiment, through the cooperation of the motor 37 and the rotating shaft 34, the motor 37 provides torque for the rotating shaft 34 thereon, so as to drive the rotating shaft 34 to rotate, and through the cooperation of the driven gear 41 and the driving gear 38, when the rotating shaft 34 rotates, the driving gear 38 on the rotating shaft 34 transmits torque to the driven gear 41 on the stirring shaft 45 through a chain, so as to drive the stirring shaft 45 to rotate.
Referring to fig. 4, a rubber pad 39 is adhered to a side surface of each of the plurality of material conveying plates 36 away from the material conveying roller 35. In the embodiment, the material conveying plate 36 and the rubber pad 39 are matched, so that dry friction between the material conveying plate 36 and the inner wall of the second seed conveying hopper 32 is avoided, and the service life of the material conveying plate 36 is prolonged.
Referring to fig. 5, a stirring shaft 45 is disposed inside the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42, one end of the stirring shaft 45 penetrates through the casing of the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42 and is rotatably connected with the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42, and a plurality of stirring blades 46 are fixed on two sides of the stirring shaft 45. In this embodiment, through (mixing) shaft 45 and stirring vane 46's cooperation to when (mixing) shaft 45 rotated, it was rotatory to drive stirring vane 46 on it through (mixing) shaft 45, thereby mixes the stirring to the fertilizer in the defeated fertile section of thick bamboo 42, makes fertilizer fully fuse.
Referring to fig. 5 again, the inner wall of the fertilizer delivery cylinder 42 is coated with a polyurethane anti-corrosion layer 47. In this embodiment, because the inner wall of the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42 is coated with the polyurethane anti-corrosion layer 47, the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42 enhances the anti-corrosion capability of the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42 and prolongs the service life of the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42 through the material property of the polyurethane anti-corrosion layer 47.
The specific operation mode of the invention is as follows:
when the seeding machine is used for seeding, an operator firstly drives the vehicle body 1 on the vehicle body 1 to travel through the engine 2, when the vehicle body 1 travels, the furrowing blade 5 on the vehicle body 1 continuously contacts with the field to open a gully for seeding, in the process, the motor 37 in the seed conveying mechanism 3 is connected with the rotating shaft 34 through the output shaft thereof to drive the rotating shaft 34 to rotate, the conveying roller 35 fixed on the rotating shaft 34 uniformly disperses seeds into the gully through the plurality of conveying plates 36 radially fixed on the conveying roller 34, the fertilizer conveying mechanism 4 conveys the fertilizer in the fertilizer conveying mechanism into the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42 through the water pump and sprays the fertilizer in the field through the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42 to supply nutrition for the seeds, meanwhile, the driving gear 38 on the rotating shaft 34 transmits torque to the driven gear 41 on the stirring shaft 45 through the chain to drive the stirring shaft 45 to rotate, driven by the rotation of the stirring shaft 45, the stirring blades 46 on the stirring shaft 45 uniformly mix the fertilizer in the fertilizer conveying cylinder 42.
The invention is described above with reference to the accompanying drawings, it is obvious that the invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and it is within the scope of the invention to adopt such insubstantial modifications of the inventive method concept and solution, or to apply the inventive concept and solution directly to other applications without modification.

Claims (7)

1. The novel agricultural machinery comprises a vehicle body (1) and is characterized in that an engine (2) is fixed on the top end surface of the vehicle body (1), a seed conveying mechanism (3) is arranged on one side of the engine (2), the seed conveying mechanism (3) comprises a first seed conveying hopper (31), the first seed conveying hopper (31) is fixed on the top end surface of the vehicle body (1), a second seed conveying hopper (32) is connected to the bottom end of the first seed conveying hopper (31) in a hot melting mode, the second seed conveying hopper (32) penetrates through a shell of the vehicle body (1), a seed conveying pipe (33) is fixed on the bottom end of the second seed conveying hopper (32), a rotating shaft (34) is arranged in the second seed conveying hopper (32), two ends of the rotating shaft (34) penetrate through the shell of the second seed conveying hopper (32) and are connected with the second seed conveying hopper (32) in a rotating mode, and a material conveying roller (35) is fixed on the outer surface of the rotating shaft (34), a plurality of material conveying plates (36) are radially fixed on the outer surface of the material conveying roller (35);
one side of the seed conveying pipe (33) is provided with a ditching shovel (5), and the ditching shovel (5) is fixed on the bottom end surface of the vehicle body (1);
the fertilizer conveying mechanism (4) is arranged on one side, away from the engine (2), of the seed conveying mechanism (3), the fertilizer conveying mechanism (4) comprises a fertilizer conveying cylinder (42), the top end of the fertilizer conveying cylinder (42) is connected with a fertilizer conveying pipe (43) through a water pump, and the fertilizer conveying pipe (43) penetrates through a shell of the vehicle body (1).
2. The novel agricultural machinery of claim 1, wherein handrails (44) are fixed to two sides of the fertilizer conveying cylinder (42) through bolts, the two handrails (44) are symmetrically arranged, one end, close to the engine (2), of each of the two handrails (44) is fixed to a shell of the vehicle body (1) through bolts, one end, far away from the engine (2), of each of the two handrails (44) is sleeved with a sponge handle (48), and a plurality of grooves are formed in the bottom end of each sponge handle (48).
3. The novel agricultural machinery of claim 1, wherein a driving gear (38) is fixed on the outer surface of one end of the rotating shaft (34) penetrating through the second seed conveying hopper (32), a motor (37) is connected to one end, far away from the driving gear (38), of the rotating shaft (34) through a coupling, and a base of the motor (37) is fixed on the bottom end surface of the vehicle body (1) through bolts.
4. The novel agricultural machinery of claim 1, wherein the fertilizer conveying cylinder (42) is internally provided with a stirring shaft (45), one end of the stirring shaft (45) penetrates through the shell of the fertilizer conveying cylinder (42) and is rotatably connected with the fertilizer conveying cylinder (42), and a plurality of stirring blades (46) are fixed on two sides of the stirring shaft (45).
5. The novel agricultural machinery of claim 3, wherein the stirring shaft (45) penetrates through the outer surface of one end of the fertilizer conveying cylinder (42) and is fixedly provided with a driven gear (41), and the driven gear (41) is rotatably connected with the driving gear (38) through a chain.
6. A new agricultural machine according to claim 1, wherein the inner wall of the fertilizer delivery cylinder (42) is coated with a polyurethane anti-corrosion layer (47).
7. The agricultural machine of claim 1, wherein a rubber mat (39) is bonded to a side surface of the plurality of material plates (36) remote from the material roller (35).
CN201911332219.0A 2019-12-21 2019-12-21 Novel agricultural machinery Pending CN111010936A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911332219.0A CN111010936A (en) 2019-12-21 2019-12-21 Novel agricultural machinery

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911332219.0A CN111010936A (en) 2019-12-21 2019-12-21 Novel agricultural machinery

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111010936A true CN111010936A (en) 2020-04-17

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ID=70211398

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911332219.0A Pending CN111010936A (en) 2019-12-21 2019-12-21 Novel agricultural machinery

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111010936A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103797938A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-05-21 山东理工大学 Bionic compact narrow-fertilizer ditch and wide-seed band opener
CN106105498A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-11-16 西班牙爱迪有限责任公司 Organic and chemical fertilizer sows formula and furrowing type Multifunctional fertilizer applicator
CN206686552U (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-12-01 福州众点网络技术开发有限公司 A kind of seeding apparatus
CN208874930U (en) * 2018-04-04 2019-05-21 刘立文 A kind of automatic balance device of seedling greenhouse

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103797938A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-05-21 山东理工大学 Bionic compact narrow-fertilizer ditch and wide-seed band opener
CN106105498A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-11-16 西班牙爱迪有限责任公司 Organic and chemical fertilizer sows formula and furrowing type Multifunctional fertilizer applicator
CN206686552U (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-12-01 福州众点网络技术开发有限公司 A kind of seeding apparatus
CN208874930U (en) * 2018-04-04 2019-05-21 刘立文 A kind of automatic balance device of seedling greenhouse

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Application publication date: 20200417