CN110978593A - Waste metal hydraulic packaging process - Google Patents

Waste metal hydraulic packaging process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110978593A
CN110978593A CN201911212487.9A CN201911212487A CN110978593A CN 110978593 A CN110978593 A CN 110978593A CN 201911212487 A CN201911212487 A CN 201911212487A CN 110978593 A CN110978593 A CN 110978593A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
plate
oil cylinder
metal
extrusion
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201911212487.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨纪龙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangyin Chixin Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangyin Chixin Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangyin Chixin Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangyin Chixin Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911212487.9A priority Critical patent/CN110978593A/en
Publication of CN110978593A publication Critical patent/CN110978593A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B1/00Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen
    • B30B1/32Presses, using a press ram, characterised by the features of the drive therefor, pressure being transmitted directly, or through simple thrust or tension members only, to the press ram or platen by plungers under fluid pressure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/301Feed means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3014Ejection means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/32Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for consolidating scrap metal or for compacting used cars

Abstract

The invention relates to a waste metal hydraulic packing process, which comprises the following steps: step one, feeding: guiding the metal crushed aggregates into a packaging machine through a feeding machine; step two, extruding and packaging; discharging, namely after the box cover (2) is opened and the side box plate (1.1) is turned and opened, the lifting plate (10) drives the packed metal blocks to ascend and expose out of the box body (1), so that the tongs can be conveniently grabbed; before the lifting, the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder (6) can push the longitudinal extrusion plate (5) to push the metal block forward for a certain distance, so that the metal block can be conveniently forked from the side direction by using a forklift after being lifted. The hydraulic waste metal packing process is convenient to feed materials and convenient to grab materials after packing is completed.

Description

Waste metal hydraulic packaging process
Technical Field
The invention relates to a packaging process, in particular to a packaging process for extruding and packaging cut metal scraps in a waste metal recovery process so as to facilitate transportation.
Background
At present, with the construction requirements of the conservation-oriented society, the recycling of various resources becomes more and more important; wherein, the recycling of the metal materials is the earliest and the industrial chain is mature; in the metal recovery process, waste articles are disassembled to obtain waste metal materials, then the waste metal materials are sheared to obtain crushed materials, and then the metal waste materials are extruded and packaged by a packaging machine so as to be convenient to transport. In the packing process, various metal scraps (steel shavings, scrap steel, scrap aluminum, scrap copper, scrap stainless steel, scrap automobile waste and the like) are extruded into qualified furnace charges with various shapes such as a cuboid, an octagonal body, a cylinder and the like by a hydraulic packing machine, so that the transportation and smelting cost can be reduced, and the charging speed can be increased. However, in practical application, the feeding is inconvenient, manual feeding is needed, and the production efficiency is reduced; meanwhile, the conventional packing mode is inconvenient in discharging, and the materials after being packed are located in the box body of the packing machine shell, so that the hoisting and grabbing are inconvenient, and therefore, an enterprise speaks that the packing and forming position is arranged in the central position, so that the gripper can grab the materials, but the hydraulic extrusion mechanism of the packing machine is complicated in design, the equipment cost is increased, and the whole packing cost of the packing operation is not favorably reduced. Therefore, a packaging process which is convenient to feed and can facilitate material discharging is needed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects and provide the waste metal hydraulic packaging process, which is convenient to feed materials and convenient to grab the materials after packaging is finished.
The purpose of the invention is realized as follows:
a hydraulic waste metal packing process comprises the following steps:
step one, feeding: guiding the metal crushed aggregates into a packaging machine through a feeding machine; the feeding machine comprises a vertically arranged elevator, a conveying belt is installed at the bottom feeding end of the elevator, a blanking hopper is installed at the top discharging end of the elevator, two sides of the blanking hopper are fixedly connected to the bottom of the movable trolley through lifting lugs, and the movable trolley runs in a guide rail installed on a cross beam; after the conveyor belt conveys the metal crushed aggregates into the hoisting machine, the hoisting machine is used for hoisting the metal crushed aggregates and then the metal crushed aggregates are uniformly guided into the packaging machine through the blanking hopper;
step two, extruding and packaging; the packing machine packs and forms metal crushed aggregates, and comprises a box body, a box cover is pressed on the box body, an upright post is arranged beside the box body, an oil cylinder seat of a box pressing oil cylinder is hinged on the upright post, and a piston rod of the box pressing oil cylinder is hinged on the box cover; the bottom of the box body is provided with a bearing plate, the bearing plate is provided with a lifting hole, a lifting plate is embedded in the lifting hole, a piston rod of a lifting oil cylinder vertically arranged at the bottom of the box body is connected with the lifting plate, the bottom of a side box plate of the box body is hinged with a bottom plate of the box body, an oil cylinder seat of the side opening oil cylinder is hinged on the ground, a piston rod of the side opening oil cylinder is hinged with the outer wall of the side box plate, the other side plate of the box body is fixedly provided with a longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder, a longitudinal extrusion plate is arranged on the piston rod of the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder, the longitudinal extrusion plate is parallel to the side box plate and faces the lifting plate, a transverse extrusion cylinder is fixed on a rear box plate of the box body, a piston rod of the transverse extrusion cylinder faces the longitudinal extrusion plate, and the piston rod of the transverse extrusion cylinder is connected with; the transverse extrusion plate moves forwards under the pushing of the transverse extrusion cylinder until the transverse extrusion plate abuts against the longitudinal extrusion plate, then the blanking hopper puts the metal crushed aggregates into an area formed by a front box plate, a side box plate, the longitudinal extrusion plate and the transverse extrusion plate of the box body, then the box cover is pressed, the longitudinal extrusion cylinder pushes the longitudinal extrusion plate to move forwards to extrude the materials until the extruded materials are positioned above the lifting plate to form a metal material block, and at the moment, the extrusion is finished;
discharging, namely after the box cover is opened and the side box plates are turned and opened, the lifting plate drives the packed metal blocks to ascend to expose the box body, so that the grabbing by a gripper is facilitated; before the lifting, the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder can push the longitudinal extrusion plate to push the metal block forward for a certain distance, so that the metal block can be conveniently forked from the side direction by using a forklift after being lifted.
The invention relates to a hydraulic waste metal packing process, wherein a moving trolley in the first step moves along the length direction of a guide rail, proximity switches are arranged at two ends of the guide rail, and the distance between the two proximity switches is twice of the length of an opening end at the top of a blanking hopper; the discharge end at the top of the elevator is over against the midpoint between the two proximity switches.
The invention relates to a waste metal hydraulic packaging process, wherein the top of a moving trolley in the first step is provided with a walking wheel driven by a servo motor, the walking wheel is embedded in a sliding groove of a guide rail, a proximity switch is connected with a PLC on the moving trolley, and the PLC is connected with a control end of the servo motor.
The invention relates to a waste metal hydraulic packaging process.A hydraulic station is arranged in a stand column in the step II and is used for supplying oil to a side-opening oil cylinder, a box pressing oil cylinder, a longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder, a transverse extrusion air cylinder and a lifting oil cylinder.
The invention relates to a hydraulic waste metal packing process, wherein a pit is formed in the ground beside a side box plate of a box body in the second step, an oil cylinder seat of a side-opening oil cylinder is hinged to the ground at the bottom of the pit, a conveying belt is arranged on the ground beside the pit, and the running direction of the conveying belt is consistent with that of a longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder;
the third step is modified as follows: the side box plate is opened to be in a horizontal state, and the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder pushes the longitudinal extrusion plate to directly push the packed metal material block out to the side box plate to enter the conveying belt.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the invention, the feeding speed and the uniformity are greatly improved by additionally arranging the feeding machine; meanwhile, the packed materials can be discharged conveniently by adopting a side opening door and a bottom ascending mode, so that the packed materials can be discharged conveniently.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a hydraulic waste metal packing system according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a partial top view of a feeding machine in a hydraulic baling system for waste metals according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a side view of a hydraulic baling press for scrap metal in accordance with the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a top view of a hydraulic baling press for waste metals according to the present invention.
Wherein:
a conveying belt 101, a lifter 102, a blanking hopper 103, a lifting lug 104, a mobile trolley 105 and a guide rail 106;
the box body 1, the box cover 2, the upright column 3, the box pressing oil cylinder 4, the longitudinal extrusion plate 5, the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder 6, the transverse extrusion plate 7, the transverse extrusion cylinder 8, the bottom plate 9, the lifting plate 10 and the lifting oil cylinder 11;
side boxboard 1.1, side hydro-cylinder 1.2 that opens.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, the invention relates to a waste metal hydraulic packing process, which comprises the following steps:
step one, feeding: guiding the metal crushed aggregates into a packaging machine through a feeding machine; the feeding machine comprises a vertically arranged lifter 102, a conveying belt 101 is installed at the feeding end of the bottom of the lifter 102, a blanking hopper 103 is installed at the discharging end of the top of the lifter 102, the blanking hopper 103 is positioned above the packaging machine, two sides of the blanking hopper 103 are fixedly connected to the bottom of a movable trolley 105 through lifting lugs 104, and the movable trolley 105 runs in a guide rail 106 installed on a cross beam; after the conveyor belt 101 conveys the metal crushed aggregates into the elevator 102, the elevator 102 is used for lifting the metal crushed aggregates and then the metal crushed aggregates are uniformly guided into the packaging machine through the blanking hopper 103;
step two, extruding and packaging; the metal crushed aggregates are packaged and molded by a packaging machine, the packaging machine comprises a box body 1, a box cover 2 is pressed on the box body 1, an upright post 3 is arranged beside the box body 1, an oil cylinder seat of a box pressing oil cylinder 4 is hinged on the upright post 3, and a piston rod of the box pressing oil cylinder 4 is hinged on the box cover 2; the bottom of the box body 1 is provided with a bearing plate 9, the bearing plate 9 is provided with a lifting hole, a lifting plate 10 is embedded in the lifting hole, and a piston rod of a lifting oil cylinder 11 vertically arranged at the bottom of the box body 1 is connected with a lifting plate 10, the bottom of a side box plate 1.1 of the box body 1 is hinged with a bottom plate of the box body 1, an oil cylinder seat of a side opening oil cylinder 1.2 is hinged on the ground, a piston rod of the side opening oil cylinder 1.2 is hinged with the outer wall of the side box plate 1.1, a longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder 6 is fixedly arranged on the other side plate of the box body 1, a longitudinal extrusion plate 5 is arranged on a piston rod of the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder 6, the longitudinal extrusion plate 5 is parallel to the side box plate 1.1, and the longitudinal extrusion plate 5 faces the lifting plate 10, a transverse extrusion cylinder 8 is fixed on a rear box plate of the box body 1, a piston rod of the transverse extrusion cylinder 8 faces the longitudinal extrusion plate 5, and a transverse extrusion plate 7 is connected to a piston rod of the transverse extrusion cylinder 8; the transverse extrusion plate 7 moves forwards under the pushing of the transverse extrusion cylinder 8 until the transverse extrusion plate abuts against the longitudinal extrusion plate 5, then the blanking hopper 103 puts the metal crushed aggregates into an area formed by the front box plate, the side box plate 1.1, the longitudinal extrusion plate 5 and the transverse extrusion plate 7 of the box body 1, then the longitudinal extrusion cylinder 6 pushes the longitudinal extrusion plate 5 to extrude the materials after the box cover 2 is pressed, and the extrusion is finished until the extruded materials are positioned above the lifting plate 10 to form a metal material block;
discharging, namely after the box cover 2 is opened and the side box plate 1.1 is turned over and opened, the lifting plate 10 drives the packed metal blocks to ascend to expose out of the box body 1, so that the grabbing by a gripper is facilitated; before the lifting, the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder 6 can push the longitudinal extrusion plate 5 to push the metal block forward for a certain distance, so that the metal block can be conveniently forked from the side direction by using a forklift after being lifted.
Further, the moving trolley 105 moves along the length direction of the guide rail 106, proximity switches are mounted at two ends of the guide rail 106, and the distance between the two proximity switches is twice of the length of the top opening end of the blanking hopper 103; the top discharge end of the elevator 102 faces the midpoint between the two proximity switches, so that the drop hopper 103 can always drop the material into the mobile cart 105 no matter how it moves.
Furthermore, a walking wheel driven by a servo motor is arranged at the top of the moving trolley 105, the walking wheel is embedded in a sliding groove of the guide rail 106, the proximity switch is connected with a PLC on the moving trolley 105, and the PLC is connected with a control end of the servo motor; therefore, after the moving trolley 105 touches the proximity switch each time, the servo motor changes the steering direction, and the reciprocating operation range of the moving trolley 105 is ensured.
Further, a hydraulic station is arranged in the upright post 3 and supplies oil for a side opening oil cylinder 1.2, a box pressing oil cylinder 4, a longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder 6, a transverse extrusion air cylinder 8 and a lifting oil cylinder 11;
furthermore, the lifting plate 10 is positioned in the area formed by the front box plate, the side box plate 1.1, the longitudinal extrusion plate 5 and the transverse extrusion plate 7 of the box body 1;
further, the other subaerial pit that is provided with of side boxboard 1.1 of box 1, the hydro-cylinder seat that the above-mentioned side opened hydro-cylinder 1.2 articulates in the subaerial of pit bottom, and the other subaerial conveyer belt that is provided with of pit, the traffic direction of this conveyer belt is unanimous with the traffic direction of indulging extrusion hydro-cylinder 6, and the conveyer belt is just to indulging stripper plate 5, thereby make side boxboard 1.1 open completely to the horizontality, what this moment can be convenient promotes through indulging extrusion hydro-cylinder 6 and indulge stripper plate 5 and directly push out the metal material after the packing and go into the conveyer belt on side boxboard 1.1, thereby be convenient for to the great material of weight operates.
In addition: it should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiment is only a preferred embodiment of the present patent, and any modification or improvement made by those skilled in the art based on the above-mentioned conception is within the protection scope of the present patent.

Claims (5)

1. The hydraulic packaging process for the waste metal is characterized by comprising the following steps: the packaging process comprises the following steps:
step one, feeding: guiding the metal crushed aggregates into a packaging machine through a feeding machine; the feeding machine comprises a vertically arranged elevator (102), a conveying belt (101) is installed at the bottom feeding end of the elevator (102), a blanking hopper (103) is installed at the top discharging end of the elevator (102), two sides of the blanking hopper (103) are fixedly connected to the bottom of a movable trolley (105) through lifting lugs (104), and the movable trolley (105) runs in a guide rail (106) installed on a cross beam; after the conveyor belt (101) conveys the metal crushed aggregates into the elevator (102), the elevator (102) is used for lifting the metal crushed aggregates and then uniformly guiding the metal crushed aggregates into the packaging machine through the blanking hopper (103);
step two, extruding and packaging; the metal crushed aggregates are packaged and molded by a packaging machine, the packaging machine comprises a box body (1), a box cover (2) is pressed on the box body (1), an upright post (3) is arranged beside the box body (1), an oil cylinder seat of a box pressing oil cylinder (4) is hinged on the upright post (3), and a piston rod of the box pressing oil cylinder (4) is hinged on the box cover (2); the bottom of the box body (1) is provided with a bearing plate (9), the bearing plate (9) is provided with a lifting hole, a lifting plate (10) is embedded in the lifting hole, a piston rod of a lifting oil cylinder (11) vertically arranged at the bottom of the box body (1) is connected with the lifting plate (10), the bottom of a side box plate (1.1) of the box body (1) is hinged with a bottom plate of the box body (1), an oil cylinder seat of a side opening oil cylinder (1.2) is hinged on the ground, a piston rod of the side opening oil cylinder (1.2) is hinged with the outer wall of the side box plate (1.1), another side plate of the box body (1) is fixedly provided with a longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder (6), an extrusion plate (5) is longitudinally arranged on the piston rod of the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder (6), the longitudinal extrusion plate (5) is parallel to the side box plate (1.1), the longitudinal extrusion plate (5) faces the lifting plate (10), a transverse extrusion air cylinder (8) is fixed on a rear box plate of the box body (1), a piston rod of the transverse extrusion cylinder (8) faces the longitudinal extrusion plate (5), and a transverse extrusion plate (7) is connected to the piston rod of the transverse extrusion cylinder (8); the transverse extrusion plate (7) moves forwards under the pushing of the transverse extrusion cylinder (8) until the transverse extrusion plate abuts against the longitudinal extrusion plate (5), then the blanking hopper (103) puts metal crushed aggregates into an area formed by a front box plate, a side box plate (1.1), the longitudinal extrusion plate (5) and the transverse extrusion plate (7) of the box body (1), then the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder (6) pushes the longitudinal extrusion plate (5) to move forwards to extrude the materials after the box cover (2) is pressed, and the extrusion is completed until the extruded materials are positioned above the lifting plate (10) to form a metal material block;
discharging, namely after the box cover (2) is opened and the side box plate (1.1) is turned and opened, the lifting plate (10) drives the packed metal blocks to ascend and expose out of the box body (1), so that the tongs can be conveniently grabbed; before the lifting, the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder (6) can push the longitudinal extrusion plate (5) to push the metal block forward for a certain distance, so that the metal block can be conveniently forked from the side direction by using a forklift after being lifted.
2. The hydraulic waste metal baling process of claim 1, wherein: the moving trolley (105) moves along the length direction of a guide rail (106), proximity switches are mounted at two ends of the guide rail (106), and the distance between the two proximity switches is twice of the length of the top opening end of the blanking hopper (103); the discharge end at the top of the elevator (102) is opposite to the midpoint between the two proximity switches.
3. The hydraulic waste metal baling process of claim 1, wherein: the top of the moving trolley (105) in the first step is provided with a walking wheel driven by a servo motor, the walking wheel is embedded in a sliding groove of the guide rail (106), the proximity switch is connected with a PLC on the moving trolley (105), and the PLC is connected with a control end of the servo motor.
4. The hydraulic waste metal baling process of claim 1, wherein: and a hydraulic station is arranged in the upright post (3) in the second step and supplies oil for the side-opening oil cylinder (1.2), the box pressing oil cylinder (4), the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder (6), the transverse extrusion air cylinder (8) and the lifting oil cylinder (11).
5. The hydraulic waste metal baling process of claim 1, wherein: a pit is formed in the ground beside the side box plate (1.1) of the box body (1) in the second step, an oil cylinder seat of the side-opening oil cylinder (1.2) is hinged to the ground at the bottom of the pit, a conveying belt is arranged on the ground beside the pit, and the running direction of the conveying belt is consistent with that of the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder (6);
the third step is modified as follows: the side box plate (1.1) is opened to be in a horizontal state, the longitudinal extrusion oil cylinder (6) pushes the longitudinal extrusion plate (5) to directly push the packed metal material block out to the side box plate (1.1) to enter the conveying belt.
CN201911212487.9A 2019-12-02 2019-12-02 Waste metal hydraulic packaging process Withdrawn CN110978593A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911212487.9A CN110978593A (en) 2019-12-02 2019-12-02 Waste metal hydraulic packaging process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911212487.9A CN110978593A (en) 2019-12-02 2019-12-02 Waste metal hydraulic packaging process

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110978593A true CN110978593A (en) 2020-04-10

Family

ID=70089056

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911212487.9A Withdrawn CN110978593A (en) 2019-12-02 2019-12-02 Waste metal hydraulic packaging process

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110978593A (en)

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Application publication date: 20200410