CN110902168A - Wheat unloader - Google Patents

Wheat unloader Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110902168A
CN110902168A CN201911341970.7A CN201911341970A CN110902168A CN 110902168 A CN110902168 A CN 110902168A CN 201911341970 A CN201911341970 A CN 201911341970A CN 110902168 A CN110902168 A CN 110902168A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hopper body
rotating shaft
material containing
hopper
pivot
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201911341970.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201911341970.7A priority Critical patent/CN110902168A/en
Publication of CN110902168A publication Critical patent/CN110902168A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D88/00Large containers
    • B65D88/54Large containers characterised by means facilitating filling or emptying
    • B65D88/64Large containers characterised by means facilitating filling or emptying preventing bridge formation
    • B65D88/68Large containers characterised by means facilitating filling or emptying preventing bridge formation using rotating devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool

Abstract

The invention discloses a wheat blanking device, which comprises a hopper body and is characterized in that: the built-in flourishing material body of hopper body, flourishing material body base central point puts and is equipped with the pivot, the pivot tip cover of arranging hopper body intracavity in is equipped with the spiral and pushes away movable vane, the pivot tip cover of arranging hopper body intracavity outside is equipped with driven pulley, driven pulley passes through the belt and connects the drive pulley, the drive pulley cover is established on the output of motor, be equipped with the pan feeding mouth on the toper stock guide between toper stock guide and the pivot contact surface, toper stock guide medial surface evenly distributed is equipped with the magnetism arch, pivot cavity sets up to the collection dirt passageway, the dust collecting hole communicates the collection dirt passageway, arrange hopper body intracavity outside pivot tip intercommunication dust absorption joint in, the dust absorption connects the intercommunication dust absorption pipe, the entry end of dust absorption pipe intercommunication fan, the exit end cover of fan is equipped with the collection bag, the cover is equipped. The invention has the advantages that: simple structure, even feeding, convenient collection of dust.

Description

Wheat unloader
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, and particularly relates to a wheat discharging device.
Background
Wheat is a general name of wheat plants, is a monocotyledon, is a gramineous plant widely planted all over the world, has caryopsis as one of staple food of human beings, and can be used for making foods such as bread, steamed bread, biscuits, noodles and the like after being ground into flour; fermenting to obtain beer, alcohol, Chinese liquor (such as vodka), or biomass fuel; the wheat is rich in starch, protein, fat, mineral substances, calcium, iron, thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, vitamin A, vitamin C and the like; wheat is one of three grains, is almost all eaten, and only one sixth of the wheat is used as feed; the two river basin is the earliest region for cultivating wheat in the world, and China is one of the earliest countries for cultivating wheat in the world; wheat is the basis that we rely on to live, must also carry out a series of wheat processing before storing along with the production of a large amount of wheat, but to the dirt of wheat be difficult to detach in the edulcoration of wheat in current various wheat processing equipment, can often lead to the unloading barrel to pile up because the continuous input volume of wheat causes simultaneously in the edulcoration process, can lead to the inside unloading gap that does not have of unloading barrel like this, causes the unloading to block up easily. Therefore, it is important to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention overcomes the defects of the prior art and provides the wheat discharging device which has a simple structure, uniformly feeds materials and conveniently collects dust.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a wheat unloader, includes the hopper body, its characterized in that: the material containing body is arranged in the hopper body, a group of first bearings are symmetrically sleeved on the material containing body between contact surfaces of the material containing body and the hopper body, the material containing body and the hopper body are coaxial, blanking holes are uniformly distributed in the bottom of the material containing body, a rotating shaft is arranged at the central position of a base of the material containing body, one end of the rotating shaft extends out of a cavity of the hopper body, the other end of the rotating shaft penetrates through the material containing body and extends into the cavity of the hopper body, a spiral pushing blade is sleeved at the end part of the rotating shaft arranged in the cavity of the hopper body, a driven belt pulley is sleeved at the end part of the rotating shaft arranged out of the cavity of the hopper body, the driven belt pulley is connected with a driving belt pulley through a belt, the driving belt pulley is sleeved on an output end of a motor, the motor is arranged at the side part of the hopper body, the material containing body is, the utility model discloses a hopper, including hopper body, toper stock guide, pivot cavity, dust collection hole intercommunication dust collection channel, dust collection connection, fan fixed mounting be in the hopper body lateral part, the toper stock guide with between the pivot contact surface be equipped with the pan feeding mouth on the toper stock guide, toper stock guide medial surface evenly distributed is equipped with the magnetism arch, pivot cavity sets up to the dust collection channel, arranges in hopper body intracavity be equipped with the dust collecting hole in the pivot, the dust collecting hole intercommunication the dust collection channel is arranged in outside this body cavity of hopper pivot tip intercommunication dust absorption connects, the dust absorption connects the intercommunication dust absorption pipe, the dust absorption pipe intercommunication the entry end of fan, the exit end cover of fan is equipped with the collection bag, fan.
Furthermore, the channel of the dust collection joint is of a Venturi structure.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that: in the feeding process, the material containing body rotates at a constant speed, so that wheat is not gathered, impurities can be filtered out under the action of the magnetic protrusions, and meanwhile, iron impurities can be prevented from entering; the rotary material containing body can enable the wheat to be fed at a constant speed through the discharging hole, and the spiral pushing blades are arranged in a matched mode, so that discharging blockage can be prevented; the pivot cavity sets up to collection dirt passageway, can siphon away the dust of hopper body intracavity under the effect of fan, avoids the raise dust, has improved edulcoration efficiency simultaneously, and the edulcoration is more thorough.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front sectional view of a wheat feeding device of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of an enlarged structure in the direction A of the wheat blanking device shown in fig. 1.
In the figure, 1, a hopper body, 2, a material containing body, 3, a first bearing, 4, a discharging hole, 5, a rotating shaft, 6, a spiral pushing blade, 7, a driven belt pulley, 8, a driving belt pulley, 9, a motor, 10, a conical material guide plate, 11, a material inlet, 12, a magnetic bulge, 13, a dust collecting channel, 14, a dust collecting hole, 15, a dust collecting joint, 16, a dust collecting pipe, 17, a fan, 18, a collecting bag and 19, and a second bearing are arranged.
Detailed Description
The following examples are intended to further illustrate the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention, and other insubstantial modifications and adaptations of the invention by those skilled in the art based on the teachings herein are intended to be covered thereby.
Throughout the specification and claims, unless explicitly stated otherwise, the word "comprise", or variations such as "comprises" or "comprising", will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated element or component but not the exclusion of any other element or component.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
In fig. 1 and 2, 1 is a hopper body, 2 is a material containing body, 3 is a first bearing, 4 is a blanking hole, 5 is a rotating shaft, 6 is a spiral pushing blade, 7 is a driven belt pulley, 8 is a driving belt pulley, 9 is a motor, 10 is a conical material guide plate, 11 is a material inlet, 12 is a magnetic bulge, 13 is a dust collection channel, 14 is a dust collection hole, 15 is a dust collection joint, 16 is a dust collection pipe, 17 is a fan, 18 is a collection bag, and 19 is a second bearing.
The utility model provides a wheat unloader, includes hopper body 1, its characterized in that: a material containing body 2 is arranged in a hopper body 1, a group of first bearings 3 are symmetrically sleeved on the material containing body 2 between the contact surfaces of the material containing body 2 and the hopper body 1, the material containing body 2 and the hopper body 1 are coaxial, blanking holes 4 are uniformly distributed at the bottom of the material containing body 2, a rotating shaft 5 is arranged at the central position of a base of the material containing body 2, one end of the rotating shaft 5 extends out of a cavity of the hopper body 1, the other end of the rotating shaft 5 penetrates through the material containing body 2 and extends into the cavity of the hopper body 1, a spiral pushing blade 6 is sleeved at the end part of the rotating shaft 5 arranged in the cavity of the hopper body 1, a driven belt pulley 7 is sleeved at the end part of the rotating shaft 5 arranged out of the cavity of the hopper body 1, the driven belt pulley 7 is connected with a driving belt pulley 8 through a belt, the driving belt pulley 8 is sleeved on an output end of a motor 9, the, be equipped with pan feeding mouth 11 on the toper stock guide 10 between toper stock guide 10 and the 5 contact surfaces of pivot, toper stock guide 10 medial surface evenly distributed is equipped with magnetism arch 12, 5 cavity settings in pivot are to collection dirt passageway 13, be equipped with dust collecting hole 14 on the pivot 5 of arranging hopper body 1 intracavity in, dust collecting hole 14 intercommunication collection dirt passageway 13, arrange hopper body 1 intracavity outside 5 tip of pivot intercommunication dust absorption joint 15 in, dust absorption joint 15 intercommunication dust absorption pipe 16, dust absorption pipe 16 communicates the entry end of fan 17, the exit end cover of fan 17 is equipped with collection bag 18, fan 17 fixed mounting is at hopper body 1 lateral part, the cover is equipped with second bearing 19 on the pivot 5 between dust absorption joint 15 and the 5 contact surfaces of pivot.
The channel of the dust suction joint 15 is of a venturi structure.
During operation, motor 9 and fan 17 are started simultaneously, flourishing material body 2 is poured into to the wheat, the wheat can filter out impurity under the effect of toper stock guide 10, can filter out the iron matter under the effect of magnetism arch 12 simultaneously, the wheat gets into behind the flourishing material body 2 bottom through pan feeding mouth 11, rethread unloading hole 4 evenly enters into hopper body 1 bottom, it is inside evenly to get into the shaker under the effect of spiral promotion leaf 6 at last, the dust that produces in hopper body 1 intracavity is collected under the effect of fan 17 in collecting bag 18.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the motor 9 drives the driving belt pulley 8, the driving belt pulley 8 drives the driven belt pulley 7, the driven belt pulley 7 drives the rotating shaft 5, the rotating shaft 5 rotates to drive the material containing body 2 to synchronously rotate, meanwhile, the spiral pushing blade 6 is driven to operate, and the material containing body 2 rotates to drive the conical material guide plate 10 to synchronously rotate; the rotating shaft 5 is hollow and is provided with a dust collecting channel 13, and dust in the cavity of the hopper body 1 can be sucked away under the action of a fan 17.
The present invention is not described in detail in the prior art.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a wheat unloader, includes hopper body (1), its characterized in that: the hopper is characterized in that a material containing body (2) is arranged in the hopper body (1), a group of first bearings (3) are symmetrically sleeved on the material containing body (2) between the material containing body (2) and a contact surface of the hopper body (1), the material containing body (2) is coaxial with the hopper body (1), blanking holes (4) are uniformly distributed at the bottom of the material containing body (2), a rotating shaft (5) is arranged at the center of a base of the material containing body (2), one end of the rotating shaft (5) extends out of a cavity of the hopper body (1), the other end of the rotating shaft (5) penetrates through the material containing body (2) and extends into the cavity of the hopper body (1), a spiral pushing blade (6) is sleeved at the end part of the rotating shaft (5) arranged in the cavity of the hopper body (1), and a driven belt pulley (7) is sleeved at the end part of the rotating shaft (5) arranged out of the cavity of the, the hopper is characterized in that the driven pulley (7) is connected with a driving pulley (8) through a belt, the driving pulley (8) is sleeved on the output end of a motor (9), the motor (9) is installed at the side part of the hopper body (1), the material containing body (2) is close to the end part position and fixedly connected with a conical guide plate (10) by taking the rotating shaft (5) as the center, a feeding hole (11) is formed in the conical guide plate (10) between the contact surfaces of the conical guide plate (10) and the rotating shaft (5), magnetic protrusions (12) are uniformly distributed on the inner side surface of the conical guide plate (10), the rotating shaft (5) is hollow and is provided with a dust collecting channel (13), dust collecting holes (14) are formed in the rotating shaft (5) in the cavity of the hopper body (1), the dust collecting holes (14) are communicated with the dust collecting channel (13), and the end part of the rotating shaft (5) outside the cavity of the hopper body (, dust absorption joint (15) intercommunication dust absorption pipe (16), dust absorption pipe (16) intercommunication the entry end of fan (17), the exit end cover of fan (17) is equipped with collects bag (18), fan (17) fixed mounting be in hopper body (1) lateral part, dust absorption joint (15) with between pivot (5) the cover is equipped with second bearing (19) on pivot (5).
2. The wheat blanking device of claim 1, wherein: the channel of the dust collection joint (15) is of a Venturi structure.
CN201911341970.7A 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Wheat unloader Withdrawn CN110902168A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911341970.7A CN110902168A (en) 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Wheat unloader

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911341970.7A CN110902168A (en) 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Wheat unloader

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110902168A true CN110902168A (en) 2020-03-24

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ID=69827260

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911341970.7A Withdrawn CN110902168A (en) 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Wheat unloader

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110902168A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111891768A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-11-06 桂林特邦新材料有限公司 Material conveying device of automatic powder weighing machine with vibrator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111891768A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-11-06 桂林特邦新材料有限公司 Material conveying device of automatic powder weighing machine with vibrator

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Application publication date: 20200324

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication