CN209715354U - A kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit - Google Patents

A kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209715354U
CN209715354U CN201920499596.2U CN201920499596U CN209715354U CN 209715354 U CN209715354 U CN 209715354U CN 201920499596 U CN201920499596 U CN 201920499596U CN 209715354 U CN209715354 U CN 209715354U
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raw materials
marsh gas
gas raw
feeding box
material feeding
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CN201920499596.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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刘莹
王宏
刘玉申
张庆旺
路德江
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of marsh gas raw materials processing units, including the material feeding box being rectangle, feed inlet is equipped at the top of material feeding box, feed inlet is arranged right below the rolling device rolled to marsh gas raw materials, material feeding box lower end side is equipped with discharge port, the discharge nozzle tilted down is connected on the outside of discharge port, the discharge nozzle other end is connected with the grinding device crushed to marsh gas raw materials, grinding device lower end is equipped with material outlet, and material feeding box side is additionally provided with the driving motor of driving rolling device and grinding device rotation.The applicable marsh gas raw materials of the utility model are extensive, structurally reasonable, and crush efficiency is high, production cost is low.

Description

A kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to energy regeneration technical field, specifically a kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit.
Background technique
With China's structural readjustment of rural industry, rural area kind aquaculture grows rapidly, while increasing agricultural incomes, makes At rural pollution aggravate increasingly, especially organic wastes such as feces of livestock and poultry, residents in rural community, stalk, weeds etc. cause Pollution problem it is further prominent.
Biogas is solving scale animal and poultry cultivation pollution, develops clean energy resource, and the aspect that develops eco-agriculture plays important Effect.
Biogas is converted various organic wastes such as rubbish, human and animal excreta, agricultural crop straw etc. using anaerobic digestion techniques At containing the high biogas of methane content and the high-quality organic fertilizer of being rich in nutrition biogas residue.
But the pretreatment equipment technology of current biogas is single, and especially during raw material crushes, crushing is at high cost, Crush efficiency is low.Stalk, forage etc. are removed as waste during pretreatment of raw material, it can only be using feces of livestock and poultry as fermentation Raw material.And the organic wastes such as residents in rural community, stalk, weeds are preferable biogas fermentation materials, for this purpose, developing more function The fermentation raw material processing unit of the biogas of energy, widens fermentation raw material type and source becomes particularly important.
Utility model content
It is structurally reasonable the technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide a kind of applicable marsh gas raw materials are extensive, it crushes The marsh gas raw materials processing unit high-efficient, production cost is low.
To achieve the goals above, the utility model provides a kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit, including what is be rectangle Material feeding box, the material feeding box top are equipped with feed inlet, and the feed inlet is arranged right below to roll to what marsh gas raw materials were rolled Device, material feeding box lower end side are equipped with discharge port, are connected with the discharge nozzle tilted down on the outside of the discharge port, it is described go out The expects pipe other end is connected with the grinding device crushed to marsh gas raw materials, and the grinding device lower end is equipped with material outlet, institute State the driving motor that material feeding box side is additionally provided with driving rolling device and grinding device rotation.
Above-mentioned marsh gas raw materials processing unit, wherein the rolling device includes two parallel active rolls and driven voller Wheel, the active roll and driven roller are symmetrical along the central axes of feed inlet length direction, the active roll and driven Roller is rotatablely connected with material feeding box two sides respectively, and described active roll one end passes through material feeding box and connect with the first belt pulley, institute It states and is equipped with the gap that marsh gas raw materials pass through between active roll and driven roller.
Above-mentioned marsh gas raw materials processing unit, wherein be respectively equipped with intermeshing on the active roll and driven roller Tooth socket.
Above-mentioned marsh gas raw materials processing unit, wherein led above the rolling device equipped with what guidance marsh gas raw materials collected Expect device;The material guide device includes the first stock guide and the second stock guide, and first stock guide one end and material feeding box are close The side of active roll is fixedly connected, and the other end extends to active roll direction and is located above active roll;Described second Stock guide one end is fixedly connected with material feeding box close to the side of driven roller, and the other end extends and is located to driven roller direction Above driven roller.
Above-mentioned marsh gas raw materials processing unit, wherein the grinding device includes the tubbiness crushing cover that lower end is equipped with opening, The material inlet connecting with the discharge nozzle is equipped at the top of the crushing cover, the crushing cover is fixedly connected on pedestal, described Shaft, the two sides rotation connection of the shaft and crushing cover, the shaft one are provided along its length immediately below material inlet End is connect across crushing cover and with the second belt pulley, and the shaft below the material inlet is equipped with multiple cutter assemblies, each Cutter assembly includes the knife rest along the radially fixed connection of shaft, fixed even cutter head on the knife rest;The shaft other side is along it Multiple scraper components for the marsh gas raw materials of crushing to be scraped to crushing cover are radially provided with, each scraper component includes that edge turns The floating rule that axis is radially fixedly connected, the floating rule other end are fixedly connected with rectangle scraper plate, the plane of the scraper plate and shaft Axis is overlapped, and the crushing cover lower end is equipped with material outlet corresponding with the scraper plate.
Above-mentioned marsh gas raw materials processing unit, wherein first belt pulley is by the first belt and is fixed on bracket Driving motor transmission connection.
Above-mentioned marsh gas raw materials processing unit, wherein second belt pulley is by the second belt and is fixed on bracket Driving motor transmission connection.
The beneficial functional of the utility model is:
The utility model is applicable in the crushing of a variety of marsh gas raw materials, such as stalk, forage, feces of livestock and poultry all can be used as proferment Material.
By being arranged rolling device, raw material that can be big to stalk, forage etc. tentatively roll become small volume, compared with Broken raw material, so that grinding device further crushes.
By the way that grinding device is arranged, smaller partial size will be further crushed by the smaller raw material tentatively rolled, to meet The demand of biogas fermentation.
It is successively worked by rolling device and grinding device, further improves the efficiency for crushing marsh gas raw materials, reduce Production cost.
The utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, but not as to the utility model Restriction.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the utility model main view;
Fig. 2 is the utility model left view;
Fig. 3 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the B-B cross-sectional view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the C-C cross-sectional view of Fig. 2.
Wherein, appended drawing reference
1, material feeding box;11, feed inlet;12, discharge port;13, discharge nozzle;2, rolling device;21, active roll;22, driven Roller;23, tooth socket;3, material guide device;31, the first stock guide;32, the second stock guide;4, grinding device;41, crushing cover;42, Material inlet;43, material outlet;44, shaft;45, cutter assembly;451, knife rest;452, cutter head;46, scraper component;461, it scrapes Bar;462, scraper plate;47, pedestal;5, driving motor;51, bracket;52, the first belt;53, the second belt.
Specific embodiment
The structural principle of the utility model and working principle are described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing: as shown in Figs. 1-5, Embodiment is as follows: a kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit of the utility model, including the material feeding box being rectangle on the ground is arranged 1, rectangular feeding throat 11 is equipped at the top of material feeding box 1, feed inlet 11, which is arranged right below, rolls dress to what marsh gas raw materials were rolled 2 are set, 13 other end of discharge nozzle is connected with the grinding device 4 crushed to marsh gas raw materials, and 4 lower end of grinding device goes out equipped with raw material Mouth 43.
1 lower end side of material feeding box is equipped with discharge port 12, is connected with the discharge nozzle 13 tilted down on the outside of discharge port 12, downwards Inclined discharge nozzle 13 can enable the marsh gas raw materials by rolling can smoothly enter into grinding device 4 according to weight.
1 side of material feeding box is additionally provided with the driving motor 5 that driving rolling device 2 and grinding device 4 rotate.
As shown in Figure 3,4, the rolling device 2 in the present embodiment includes two parallel active rolls 21 and driven roller 22, Active roll 21 and driven roller 22 are symmetrical along the central axes of 11 length direction of feed inlet, active roll 21 and driven roller 22 are rotatablely connected with 1 two sides of material feeding box respectively, and 21 one end of active roll passes through material feeding box 1 and (do not draw in figure with the first belt pulley It connects out), the gap that marsh gas raw materials pass through is equipped between active roll 21 and driven roller 22.
By setting active roll 21 and driven roller 22, marsh gas raw materials can first be rolled, keep volume biggish Raw material is rolled in advance, is improved smaller raw material for grinding device, is easier crushing, improves the efficiency for crushing raw material.
In another implementation, intermeshing tooth socket 23 is respectively equipped on active roll 21 and driven roller 22.
By the way that tooth socket 23 is arranged, active roll 21 and driven roller 22 can be made to be intermeshed in rotation process, can more be filled That divides rolls marsh gas raw materials, so that the raw material tentatively rolled is become smaller, further increases subsequent crush efficiency.
As shown in figure 3, being equipped with the material guide device 3 that guidance marsh gas raw materials collect in one embodiment, above rolling device 2; Material guide device 3 includes the first stock guide 31 and the second stock guide 32, and 31 one end of the first stock guide and material feeding box 1 are close to active roll 21 side is fixedly connected, and the other end extends to 21 direction of active roll and is located at 21 top of active roll;Second stock guide 32 one end are fixedly connected with material feeding box 1 close to the side of driven roller 22, and the other end extends to driven 22 direction of roller and position Above driven roller 22.
By the way that material guide device 3 is arranged, the marsh gas raw materials entered from feed inlet 11 can be made in the first stock guide 31 and second Concentrated under the guidance of stock guide 32 above gap between active roll 21 and driven roller 22, convenient for active roll 21 and from Dynamic roller 22 rolls marsh gas raw materials.
As shown in Fig. 3,5, the grinding device 4 in the present embodiment includes the tubbiness crushing cover 41 that lower end is equipped with opening, is crushed 41 top of cover is equipped with the material inlet 42 connecting with discharge nozzle 13, and crushing cover 41 is fixedly connected on pedestal 47.
The pedestal 47 of the present embodiment is cement seat, and in below ground, material feeding box 1 is arranged for the cement base setting of the present embodiment On the ground, marsh gas raw materials need to only be put into when discharging the feed inlet 11 of material feeding box 1 in this way, raw material from top to bottom, i.e., After rolling device 2, discharge nozzle 13, grinding device 4, raw material can be expelled directly out from material outlet 43, the biogas of crushing Raw material can directly enter fermentation vat, no longer need to carry marsh gas raw materials in this way, improve work efficiency, saved life Produce cost.
Shaft 44 is provided along its length immediately below material inlet 42, the two sides rotation of shaft 44 and crushing cover 41 connects It connects, 44 one end of shaft passes through crushing cover 41 and connect with the second belt pulley (being not drawn into figure), the shaft of 42 lower section of material inlet 44 are equipped with multiple cutter assemblies 45, and each cutter assembly 45 includes the knife rest 451 along the radially fixed connection of shaft 44, knife rest Fixed even cutter head 452 on 451;44 other side of shaft is radially equipped with for the marsh gas raw materials of crushing to be scraped crushing cover 41 Scraper component 46, scraper component 46 include the floating rule 461 along the radially fixed connection of shaft 44, and 461 other end of floating rule is fixedly connected The plane of rectangle scraper plate 462, scraper plate 462 is overlapped with the axis of shaft 44, and 41 lower end of crushing cover is equipped with corresponding with scraper plate 462 Material outlet 43.
It in the present embodiment, is fixedly connected on the axis of driving motor 5 cone pulley (being not drawn into figure), the first belt pulley passes through first Belt 52 and the cone pulley for the driving motor 5 being fixed on bracket 51 are sequentially connected, and can drive active roll 21 by driving motor 5 Rotation.
Second belt pulley is sequentially connected by the cone pulley of the second belt 53 and the driving motor 5 being fixed on bracket 51, is led to Motor 5 of overdriving can be rotated with drive shaft 44.
Driving motor 5 by the second belt 53 drive shaft 44 rotate, shaft 44 again drive cutter assembly 45 rotation to The marsh gas raw materials entered in crushing cover 41 are crushed;Shaft 44 also drives scraper component 46 to rotate simultaneously, passes through scraper plate 462 Smashed marsh gas raw materials are scraped into crushing cover 41.
Driving motor 5 drives active roll 21 to rotate by the first belt 52, thus to by active roll 21 and driven The marsh gas raw materials in gap are rolled between roller 22, achieve the purpose that tentatively to reduce marsh gas raw materials partial size.
The course of work of the utility model is as follows: starting driving motor 5, driving motor 5 drive rolling device 2 and powder first Crushing device 4 rotates.Marsh gas raw materials are sent into from the feed inlet 11 of material feeding box 1, under the guidance of material guide device 3, biogas is former Expect that the active roll 21 for first passing through rolling device 2 and driven roller 22 roll, makes the biggish further stone roller of volume in marsh gas raw materials It is pressed into lesser raw material, the raw material after rolling enters back into the material inlet of grinding device 4 by discharge port 12 into discharge nozzle 13 42, the cutter assembly 45 that the shaft 44 of rotation drives further crushes marsh gas raw materials, and smashed marsh gas raw materials are then rotating Scraper component 46 act under, smashed marsh gas raw materials are scraped from material outlet 43 by scraper plate 462, smashed biogas Raw material is that biogas fermentation has carried out necessary material preparation.
Certainly, the utility model can also have other various embodiments, without departing substantially from the spirit of the present invention and its essence In the case of, those skilled in the art work as can make various corresponding changes and modifications, but these according to the utility model Corresponding changes and modifications all should belong to the protection scope of the utility model the attached claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit, it is characterised in that: including the material feeding box being rectangle, be equipped at the top of the material feeding box Feed inlet, the feed inlet are arranged right below the rolling device rolled to marsh gas raw materials, and material feeding box lower end side is set There is discharge port, the discharge nozzle tilted down is connected on the outside of the discharge port, the discharge nozzle other end is connected with to biogas original Expect the grinding device crushed, the grinding device lower end is equipped with material outlet, and the material feeding box side is additionally provided with driving and grinds The driving motor of pressure device and grinding device rotation.
2. marsh gas raw materials processing unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the rolling device includes two parallel masters Dynamic roller and driven roller, the active roll and driven roller are symmetrical along the central axes of feed inlet length direction, described Active roll and driven roller are rotatablely connected with material feeding box two sides respectively, and described active roll one end passes through material feeding box and with first Belt pulley connection is equipped with the gap that marsh gas raw materials pass through between the active roll and driven roller.
3. marsh gas raw materials processing unit as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: divide on the active roll and driven roller It She You not intermeshing tooth socket.
4. marsh gas raw materials processing unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: be equipped with guidance natural pond above the rolling device The material guide device that gas raw material collects;The material guide device includes the first stock guide and the second stock guide, first stock guide one End is fixedly connected with material feeding box close to the side of active roll, and the other end extends to active roll direction and is located at active roll Top;Second stock guide one end is fixedly connected with material feeding box close to the side of driven roller, and the other end is to driven roller Direction extends and is located above driven roller.
5. marsh gas raw materials processing unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the grinding device include lower end be equipped with open The tubbiness crushing cover of mouth, the crushing cover top are equipped with the material inlet connecting with the discharge nozzle, and the crushing cover is fixed to be connected It connects on pedestal, shaft, the two sides rotation of the shaft and crushing cover is provided along its length immediately below the material inlet Connection, described shaft one end pass through crushing cover and connect with the second belt pulley, and the shaft below the material inlet is equipped with more A cutter assembly, each cutter assembly include the knife rest along the radially fixed connection of shaft, fixed even cutter head on the knife rest;It is described The shaft other side is radially equipped with multiple scraper components for the marsh gas raw materials of crushing to be scraped to crushing cover, each described to scrape Material component includes the floating rule along the radially fixed connection of shaft, and the floating rule other end is fixedly connected with rectangle scraper plate, the scraper plate Plane be overlapped with the axis of shaft, the crushing cover lower end be equipped with material outlet corresponding with the scraper plate.
6. marsh gas raw materials processing unit as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: first belt pulley passes through the first belt It is sequentially connected with the driving motor being fixed on bracket.
7. marsh gas raw materials processing unit as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: second belt pulley passes through the second belt It is sequentially connected with the driving motor being fixed on bracket.
CN201920499596.2U 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 A kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit Active CN209715354U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920499596.2U CN209715354U (en) 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 A kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920499596.2U CN209715354U (en) 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 A kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209715354U true CN209715354U (en) 2019-12-03

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920499596.2U Active CN209715354U (en) 2019-04-11 2019-04-11 A kind of marsh gas raw materials processing unit

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114591109A (en) * 2022-03-18 2022-06-07 张卫红 Livestock and poultry manure resource utilization treatment device
CN114751773A (en) * 2022-03-18 2022-07-15 张卫红 Resourceful utilization treatment method for livestock and poultry manure

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114591109A (en) * 2022-03-18 2022-06-07 张卫红 Livestock and poultry manure resource utilization treatment device
CN114751773A (en) * 2022-03-18 2022-07-15 张卫红 Resourceful utilization treatment method for livestock and poultry manure

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