CN110731200B - A cultivation device for wall body afforestation - Google Patents

A cultivation device for wall body afforestation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110731200B
CN110731200B CN201911141121.7A CN201911141121A CN110731200B CN 110731200 B CN110731200 B CN 110731200B CN 201911141121 A CN201911141121 A CN 201911141121A CN 110731200 B CN110731200 B CN 110731200B
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water
wall
base
wall body
tube
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CN201911141121.7A
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CN110731200A (en
Inventor
雷凯华
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Xiamen Lintao Municipal Garden Construction Co.,Ltd.
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Xiamen Lintao Municipal Garden Construction Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/022Pots for vertical horticulture
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of wall planting, and discloses a cultivation device for wall greening, which comprises a wall board, wherein a fixing rod with an L-shaped structure is fixedly connected at the top end of the wall board, the wall board is fixedly connected with the top end of the wall body through the fixing rod, a plurality of cultivation tubes for cultivating crops are uniformly arranged on one side of the wall board, which is far away from the wall body, a base is arranged at the bottom of the wall board, a water inlet pipe is arranged in the base, and the water inlet pipe is communicated with a flow passage in the wall body. Wallboard integrated into one piece sets up the runner in inside, consequently can not appear seeping water, the condition of leaking, the inlet tube is laid in the base simultaneously, and through shunt tubes and runner intercommunication, the maintenance and the change in later stage can not influence the green growth of planting of whole wall body, the runner passes through the relief pressure valve and communicates with the infiltration pipe that is located the culture tube inside, water can only ooze through the osmotic membrane to the culture medium watering in the culture tube through the infiltration pipe, has improved the utilization ratio of water resource.

Description

A cultivation device for wall body afforestation
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of wall planting, in particular to a cultivation device for wall greening.
Background
The planting mode of wall cultivation can realize the diversified planting of plants in extremely limited space, and simultaneously has the functions of beautifying the wall and purifying the air.
Most of the existing wall cultivation methods combine a PVC pipe with an elbow with a wall, and a substrate is placed in the PVC pipe for crop production.
Patent document CN207185356U provides's technical scheme, to plant the groove and install on the support frame to be provided with the cavernosum between support frame and the wall body, water sprays on the cavernosum, and water on the cavernosum permeates the planting inslot from the top down, and this kind of watering mode is extremely low to the utilization ratio of water, and prevention of seepage water board passes through fastener and wall connection, must destroy prevention of seepage structure of prevention of seepage water board, leads to the junction infiltration, destroys the wall body.
Therefore, it is necessary to design a cultivation device for wall greening.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above problems, the present invention provides a cultivation device for wall greening, which solves the problems of water waste and wall service life influence caused by the irrigation method proposed in the background art.
The invention adopts the following technical scheme for solving the problems:
the utility model provides a cultivation device for wall body afforestation, includes the wallboard, the dead lever of the top fixedly connected with L shape structure of department of wallboard, the wallboard passes through the dead lever and locates fixed connection with the top of wall body, one side that the wall body was kept away from to the wallboard evenly is provided with the cultivation pipe that a plurality of is used for cultivating the crop, the bottom of wallboard is provided with the base, the inside of base is provided with the inlet tube, the inlet tube communicates with the inside runner of wall body, the runner communicates with the infiltration pipe that sets up in cultivation intraduct, the one end of inlet tube pass the base and communicate with the water pump in the outside.
Preferably, a cover plate with a through hole in the middle is clamped at the culture opening of the culture tube.
Preferably, the culture tube is of a right-angled elbow-shaped structure, and one side of the culture tube is fixed with the wallboard through a fixing plate.
Preferably, a pressure reducing valve is arranged on one side of the fixing plate, which is far away from the permeation tube, and the flow channel is communicated with the permeation tube through the pressure reducing valve and penetrates through the fixing plate.
Preferably, the top surface department that the inlet tube is located the inside of base is connected with a plurality of shunt tubes, the runner passes the adapter sleeve of base top surface and is connected with corresponding shunt tube.
Preferably, the contact surface of the wallboard and the wall body is provided with uniform grooves, and the grooves and the surface of the wall body form an air duct.
Preferably, the cross section of the base is a trapezoid structure, and the width of the bottom surface of the base is larger than that of the wall plate.
Preferably, the wall panels are of a modular splicing structure.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. this a cultivation device for wall body afforestation, the wallboard, base and cultivation pipe cooperation, wallboard integrated into one piece sets up the runner in inside, consequently, can not appear the infiltration, the condition of leaking, the inlet tube is laid in the base simultaneously, and through shunt tubes and runner intercommunication, the maintenance and the change in later stage, can not influence the green growth of planting of whole wall body, the runner passes through the relief pressure valve and communicates with the infiltration pipe that is located cultivation intraduct, water can only ooze through the osmotic membrane to the cultivation matrix watering in the cultivation pipe, the utilization ratio of water resource has been improved.
2. This a cultivation device for wall body afforestation, because the runner, the inlet tube, the junction of shunt tubes and pipeline all is located the wallboard, the inside of base, can not ooze or leak to the wall body, be in the closely laminating state for a long time between avoiding wallboard and the wall body contact surface simultaneously, lead to keeping away of wall body the face moist, consequently, be provided with the recess that a plurality of evenly arranged on the contact surface of wallboard and wall body, constitute the wind channel between recess and the wall, from the ventilation that realizes the wall, it is dry to keep the wall body, the wallboard passes through the top fixed connection of dead lever and wall body, do not destroy the structure of wall body, consequently, the life of wall body can not shorten.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a side view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken at a-a in fig. 2.
In the figure: 1. a wallboard; 2. fixing the rod; 3. a wall body; 4. a culture tube; 5. a base; 6. a water inlet pipe; 7. a flow channel; 8. a permeate tube; 9. a water pump; 10. a cover plate; 11. a fixing plate; 12. a pressure reducing valve; 13. a shunt tube; 14. connecting sleeves; 15. and (4) a groove.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, according to the technical solution provided by the present invention: a cultivation device for wall greening comprises a wall board 1, wherein the wall board 1 can adopt a modularized splicing structure to reduce the manufacturing difficulty and the installation difficulty, a fixing rod 2 with an L-shaped structure is fixedly connected at the top end of the wall board 1, the wall board 1 is fixedly connected with the top end of a wall body 3 through the fixing rod 2, a plurality of cultivation tubes 4 for cultivating crops are uniformly arranged on one side of the wall board 1 away from the wall body 3, the cultivation tubes 4 can be in a right-angled elbow-shaped structure, one end of each cultivation tube 4 is upward, a cover plate 10 with a through hole is clamped at the middle part of the cultivation opening, as plants are planted in the cultivation tubes 4, in order to keep the vertical growth of the plants and reduce the rapid loss (such as bird damage) of the cultivation matrix under the external action, the thinner parts of the plants pass through the through holes to be cultivated in the cultivation matrix, and the cultivation tubes 4 and the wall board 1 adopt a split design to reduce the later-stage maintenance and replacement costs of the cultivation tubes 4 and the wall board 1, the wall plate 1 is fixedly connected with the fixing plate 11, a pressure reducing valve 12 (such as a 5007 pressure reducing valve of brass industry with the maximum nominal pressure of 1.6Mpa and water as a working medium) is arranged on one side of the fixing plate 11 far away from the permeation tube 8, the flow channel 7 passes through the pressure reducing valve 12 and penetrates through the fixing plate 11 to be communicated with the permeation tube 8, because the heights of the culture tubes 4 are different, in order to ensure the permeation effect of the permeation tube 8 in each culture tube 4, the pressure at the water outlet end is adjusted to be consistent through the pressure reducing valve 12, so that the permeation tube 8 can stably and continuously supply water, the bottom of the wall plate 1 is provided with the base 5, the cross section of the base 5 is of a trapezoidal structure, the width of the bottom surface of the base 5 is larger than that of the wall plate 1, in order to avoid the inclination of the wall plate 3, the wall plate 1 can not completely lean against the wall plate 3, and in order to improve the stability of the wall plate 1, the base 5 is of the trapezoidal structure, so that the contact area with the bottom surface is increased, the stability is improved, a water inlet pipe 6 is arranged in the base 5, the water inlet pipe 6 is communicated with a flow channel 7 in the wall 3, the flow channel 7 is communicated with a permeation pipe 8 arranged in the culture pipe 4, one end of the water inlet pipe 6 penetrates through the base 5 and is communicated with a water pump 9 on the outer side, the top surface of the water inlet pipe 6 positioned in the base 5 is connected with a plurality of shunt pipes 13, the flow channel 7 penetrates through a connecting sleeve 14 on the top surface of the base 5 and is connected with the corresponding shunt pipes 13, water is pumped into the corresponding flow channel 7 through the water inlet pipe 6 and the shunt pipes 13 by pumping of the water pump 9, water flow is always present in the flow channel 7 and can be sent into the culture pipe 4 only through the permeation pipe 8, one surface of the wallboard 1, which is in contact with the wall 3, is provided with an even groove 15, the groove 15 and the surface of the wall 3 form an air channel, because one surface of the wallboard 1 is attached to one surface of the wall 3, even if the wallboard 1 can not seep water onto the wall 3 after a long time, the surface of wall body 3 also can be comparatively moist, must lead to wall body 3 structure to suffer destruction for a long time in the past, in order to keep the dry of wall body 3, keeps the ventilation of wall through a plurality of recess 15.
The working principle is as follows: connect runner 7 of 1 bottom surface of wallboard with the adapter sleeve 14 of 5 top surfaces of base for shunt tubes 13 and runner 7 communicate, connect dead lever 2 with the top surface of wallboard 1 again, and be connected fixedly with wall body 3 through dead lever 2, be connected the relief pressure valve 12 and the runner 7 of fixed plate 11 one side, connect culture tube 4 through fixed plate 11 again and fix on wallboard 1, treat the installation back of accomplishing culture tube 4, at the inboard installation infiltration pipe 8 of culture tube 4, make the link of infiltration pipe 8 communicate with runner 7
After the installation is completed, the water pump 9 works, with water along inlet tube 6, shunt tubes 13 pump sending to flow channel 7 in, water flows in culture tube 4 to the back in getting into flow channel 7, when flowing to relief pressure valve 12 department, the pressure that relief pressure valve 12 convection current was to infiltration pipe 8 department adjusts, make water pressure stabilize at a constant value relatively, after water gets into infiltration pipe 8, because the water in the infiltration pipe 8 outside is less, consequently, the water of infiltration pipe 8 permeates outside the pipe (osmotic irrigation), make culture medium obtain moisture, when the inside and outside both sides moisture of infiltration pipe 8 is the same, then the inside water of infiltration pipe 8 no longer permeates outside the pipe.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides a cultivation device for wall body afforestation, includes the wallboard, its characterized in that: the top end of the wallboard is fixedly connected with a fixing rod of an L-shaped structure, the wallboard is fixedly connected with the top end of the wall body through the fixing rod, one side of the wallboard, far away from the wall body, is uniformly provided with a plurality of culture tubes for cultivating crops, the bottom of the wallboard is provided with a base, a water inlet pipe is arranged inside the base and is communicated with a flow passage inside the wall body, the flow passage is communicated with a permeation tube arranged inside the culture tube, and one end of the water inlet pipe penetrates through the base and is communicated with a water pump outside the base;
a cover plate with a through hole in the middle is clamped at the culture opening of the culture tube;
the culture tube is of a right-angled elbow-shaped structure, and one side of the culture tube is fixed with the wallboard through a fixing plate;
a pressure reducing valve is arranged on one side of the fixed plate, which is far away from the permeation tube, and the flow channel passes through the pressure reducing valve and penetrates through the fixed plate to be communicated with the permeation tube;
the top surface of the water inlet pipe positioned in the base is connected with a plurality of shunt pipes, and the flow channel penetrates through the connecting sleeve on the top surface of the base to be connected with the corresponding shunt pipes;
the wall board is provided with a uniform groove on the surface contacting with the wall body, and the groove and the surface of the wall body form an air channel;
the cross section of the base is of a trapezoidal structure, and the width of the bottom surface of the base is larger than that of the wallboard;
the wall plate adopts a modular splicing structure;
connecting a flow channel on the bottom surface of the wall board with a connecting sleeve on the top surface of the base to enable the flow dividing pipe to be communicated with the flow channel, connecting the top surface of the wall board with a fixing rod, connecting and fixing the top surface of the wall board with the wall body through the fixing rod, connecting a pressure reducing valve on one side of a fixing plate with the flow channel, connecting and fixing the culture tube on the wall board through the fixing plate, and after the culture tube is installed, installing a permeation tube on the inner side of the culture tube to enable the connecting end of the permeation tube to be communicated with the flow channel;
accomplish the installation back, the water pump work, with water along the inlet tube, the shunt tubes pump sending is to the runner in, water flows in to the culture tube in getting into the runner, when flowing to relief pressure valve department, the pressure reduction valve is adjusted to the water pressure of flow to infiltration pipe department, make water pressure stable at a relative constant value, after water gets into the infiltration pipe, because the water in the infiltration pipe outside is less, consequently, the water of infiltration pipe permeates to the outside of tubes, make culture medium obtain moisture, when the inside and outside both sides moisture of infiltration pipe the same, then the inside water of infiltration pipe no longer permeates to the outside of tubes.
CN201911141121.7A 2019-11-20 2019-11-20 A cultivation device for wall body afforestation Active CN110731200B (en)

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CN110731200B true CN110731200B (en) 2021-12-21

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Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004350528A (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-16 Yanmar Agricult Equip Co Ltd Wall surface greening device
CN1957670A (en) * 2006-11-20 2007-05-09 黄丽琼 Flowerpot capable of storing water
CN100998299B (en) * 2007-01-05 2010-12-29 黄金海 Equipment for automatic water supply for large scale of flower-pot
KR101214564B1 (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-12-24 (주)유엔씨코리아 An air purifilter using wall greening
CN102917580A (en) * 2010-01-29 2013-02-06 绿色基础设施株式会社 Vertical wall and gigh-slope afforestation method and aggregate container, shelf assembly and water supply device used thereto
CN103609352A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-03-05 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Cultivation groove capable of stably supplying soil moisture to plants with shallow root systems
CN203775761U (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-08-20 北京中农锦澜生态科技有限公司 Cultivation device for greening wall
CN204518614U (en) * 2015-01-05 2015-08-05 北京中农嘉源生态工程技术有限公司 For the Speed Pinyin module of wall greening
CN205249902U (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-05-25 河南希芳阁绿化工程股份有限公司 Take automatic water installations's three -dimensional wall of houseplant
KR20160136942A (en) * 2015-05-21 2016-11-30 삼성중공업 주식회사 Plant cultuvation apparatus for vessel
CN207135630U (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-03-27 梁基元 Cultivation device
CN207185356U (en) * 2017-08-21 2018-04-06 新疆农业大学 A kind of green cultivating and growing wall
CN208047408U (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-11-06 杭州市园林工程有限公司 A kind of green plant culture apparatus of convenient wall-hanging

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004350528A (en) * 2003-05-27 2004-12-16 Yanmar Agricult Equip Co Ltd Wall surface greening device
CN1957670A (en) * 2006-11-20 2007-05-09 黄丽琼 Flowerpot capable of storing water
CN100998299B (en) * 2007-01-05 2010-12-29 黄金海 Equipment for automatic water supply for large scale of flower-pot
CN102917580A (en) * 2010-01-29 2013-02-06 绿色基础设施株式会社 Vertical wall and gigh-slope afforestation method and aggregate container, shelf assembly and water supply device used thereto
KR101214564B1 (en) * 2012-03-15 2012-12-24 (주)유엔씨코리아 An air purifilter using wall greening
CN103609352A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-03-05 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Cultivation groove capable of stably supplying soil moisture to plants with shallow root systems
CN203775761U (en) * 2014-01-02 2014-08-20 北京中农锦澜生态科技有限公司 Cultivation device for greening wall
CN204518614U (en) * 2015-01-05 2015-08-05 北京中农嘉源生态工程技术有限公司 For the Speed Pinyin module of wall greening
KR20160136942A (en) * 2015-05-21 2016-11-30 삼성중공업 주식회사 Plant cultuvation apparatus for vessel
CN205249902U (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-05-25 河南希芳阁绿化工程股份有限公司 Take automatic water installations's three -dimensional wall of houseplant
CN207185356U (en) * 2017-08-21 2018-04-06 新疆农业大学 A kind of green cultivating and growing wall
CN207135630U (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-03-27 梁基元 Cultivation device
CN208047408U (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-11-06 杭州市园林工程有限公司 A kind of green plant culture apparatus of convenient wall-hanging

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Effective date of registration: 20211207

Address after: 361100 37, No. 161, Fengxiang Wuli, Tong'an District, Xiamen City, Fujian Province

Applicant after: Xiamen Lintao Municipal Garden Construction Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 116028 Dalian Jiaotong University, 794 the Yellow River Road, Shahekou District, Liaoning, Dalian

Applicant before: Lei Kaihua

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