CN110638063A - Fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding - Google Patents

Fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110638063A
CN110638063A CN201910917231.1A CN201910917231A CN110638063A CN 110638063 A CN110638063 A CN 110638063A CN 201910917231 A CN201910917231 A CN 201910917231A CN 110638063 A CN110638063 A CN 110638063A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
drives
peeled
shaping
peeling
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910917231.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚刚
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Fuyang Huizhongxin Automation Technology Co Ltd
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Fuyang Huizhongxin Automation Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fuyang Huizhongxin Automation Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Fuyang Huizhongxin Automation Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910917231.1A priority Critical patent/CN110638063A/en
Publication of CN110638063A publication Critical patent/CN110638063A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • A23N7/02Peeling potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit
    • A23N7/023Peeling potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit one by one

Abstract

The invention provides a fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding, which comprises the following steps: the fruit peeling machine comprises a fruit feeding device, a fruit fixing and shaping device, a fruit peeling device and a fruit discharging device, wherein the fruit feeding device, the fruit fixing and shaping device, the shaping device and the fruit discharging device are arranged on the conveying belt, the fruit fixing and shaping device is used for conveying peeled fruits to a peeling station through the conveying belt, the restoring device pushes the shaping device to be in contact with the fruits, the guide plate simulates the shape of the outline of the fruits, the shaping device is fixed by a positioning device, the peeling device moves along the guide plate and peels the peeled fruits, the peeled fruits are output through the conveying belt, and meanwhile the next peeled fruits are conveyed to the peeling station.

Description

Fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of fruit processing, in particular to a fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding.
Background
The apple is rich in nutrition and delicious in taste, is popular with people, and needs to be peeled when the apple can is produced, the traditional peeling method is an artificial peeling method, so that the apple peel can be well removed, the peeling efficiency is low, the labor cost is high, and the apple can is not suitable for large-batch production.
The invention patent with Chinese patent application number CN201910376834.5 discloses a fruit peeling machine and a peeling method, which comprises a base, a peeling executing part, a fruit picking placing part, a fruit containing box and a fruit peel containing groove, wherein a motor rotates to drive a gear to be rotationally matched with an intermittent mechanism to peel the peeling executing part, the fruit placing part is matched with the fruit picking part, so that one third of rotation of a three-jaw chuck is realized, namely, a cutter head finishes cutting apple peel, when the three-jaw chuck moves back, the chuck rotates to enable a new apple to rotate to the position of the cutter head, and simultaneously, a rubber wheel under the three-jaw chuck is contacted with a wheel of an independent small motor to start rotating to realize repeated automatic cutting, the position of the cutter head is fixed by a spring and is attached to an external curve of the apple, so that the thickness of the cut. The fruit placing mechanism and the fruit picking part work synchronously, peeled fruits are sent into the storage box, automatic fruit peeling is achieved, and peeling efficiency and quality are improved.
However, when the peeling device is used, the peeling knife peels along the outline of the apple directly, although the spring controls the contact force between the blade and the apple, the blade is too deep into the apple to cut off the apple pulp at the beginning due to the lack of a limiting device, and the waste is not needed.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding, which is characterized in that a plurality of plastic plates are contacted with fruits with peels, so that the outline of a guide plate on each plastic plate is consistent with the outline of the fruit to be peeled, and a scraper is contacted with the guide plate and moves along the guide plate to peel the fruit, thereby solving the technical problem of waste caused by easy pulp cutting in the fruit peeling process in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding comprises the following steps:
feeding fruits, namely dropping the fruits to be peeled onto a conveying mechanism through a storage cylinder, and conveying the fruits to a peeling station through the conveying mechanism;
step two, fixing and shaping the fruits, wherein after the step one, the extrusion block rotates to the position above the peeling station to be abutted against the fruits to be peeled to fix the fruits, meanwhile, the return device pushes the shaping device to move transversely, and the shaping device is elastically abutted against the side faces of the fruits to be peeled, so that the outline of a guide plate in the shaping device is consistent with the outline of the fruits to be peeled;
step three, shaping and fixing, wherein after the step two, the shaping device is fixed by a positioning device, so that the outline of the guide plate is kept unchanged;
peeling fruits, wherein after the step three, the power mechanism drives the extrusion block to rotate, the extrusion block drives the fruits to be peeled to rotate, and meanwhile, the power mechanism drives the scraper which is in contact with the fruits to be peeled to move along the outline of the guide plate from top to bottom and return to the initial position;
and fifthly, discharging the fruits, after the fourth step, stopping the power mechanism, loosening the shaping device by the positioning device, rotating the extrusion block to be far away from the peeling station, pushing the shaping device to be far away from the peeled fruits by the restoring device, moving the peeled fruits out of the peeling station by the conveying mechanism, and conveying the next fruits to be peeled to the peeling station.
As an improvement, in the first step, a valve for controlling feeding of the peeled fruits is arranged at the bottom of the storage barrel, the conveying mechanism is a conveying and transporting system, and a plurality of placing blocks for placing the fruits and protective covers arranged on the placing blocks are arranged on the conveying belt.
As an improvement, in the second step, the first push rod motor drives the extrusion block to rotate to clamp the peeled fruit, in the rotating process, the second slide block in the returning device slides downwards under the action of the second connecting rod and drives the first connecting rod to push the shaping device to move leftwards to be in contact with the peeled fruit, and the scraper rotates along with the extrusion block.
As an improvement, in the second step, when a plurality of shaping plates in the shaping device are in contact with the peeled fruit, the profile of the peeled fruit is different, and the second spring is compressed to different degrees, so that the end parts of the shaping plates are in close contact with the peeled fruit, and the guide plate can more accurately present the profile of the peeled fruit.
As an improvement, in the third step, the second push rod motor drives the second movable plate to move downward, the second movable plate drives the lifting rod to move downward, and the lifting rod drives the clamping plate to clamp and fix the guide rod, so that the profile of the guide plate is kept unchanged.
As an improvement, in the fourth step, the power mechanism drives the screw to rotate, the first movable plate sleeved on the outer ring thread of the screw drives the scraper to move downwards to peel, when the scraper moves to the bottom of the fruit, the power mechanism rotates reversely, and the scraper moves upwards to return to the initial position.
In the fourth step, the power mechanism is a double-shaft motor, one power output shaft of the double-shaft motor drives the extrusion block to rotate, and the other power output shaft of the double-shaft motor drives the screw to rotate.
As an improvement, in the fourth step, a guide post in contact with the guide plate is arranged on the scraper, the scraper moves downwards through the sliding of the second sliding block in the first sliding groove, and the first spring stretches along with the sliding of the second sliding block, so that the guide post and the guide plate always keep a proper contact force, and the scraper can better peel off.
As an improvement, in the fifth step, the first push rod motor drives the squeezing block to rotate to loosen the peeled fruit, and in the rotating process, the second sliding block in the recovery device slides upwards under the action of the second connecting rod and drives the first connecting rod to push the shaping device to move away from the peeled fruit to the right.
As an improvement, in the fifth step, the second push rod motor drives the second movable plate to move upward, the second movable plate drives the lifting rod to move upward, and the lifting rod drives the clamping plate to rotate to loosen the guide rod, so that the shaping device can move.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) according to the fruit peeling machine, the plurality of plastic plates are contacted with fruits, so that the outline of the guide plate is consistent with the outline of the fruits, the scraper moves along the guide plate to remove fruit peels, the thickness of the peeled peels of each fruit is kept constant, the pulp cannot be eliminated, and the waste of the pulp of the fruits in the fruit peeling process is greatly reduced;
(2) according to the fruit peeling machine, the double-shaft motor drives the fruit to rotate through the extrusion block and simultaneously drives the scraper to move along the guide plate to peel off the fruit peel, the scraper moves downwards and then moves upwards to peel the fruit, and the fruit peel removing effect is greatly improved;
(3) the automatic peeling machine has high automation degree, can automatically complete fruit feeding, fruit fixing and shaping, fruit fixing and fruit discharging, does not need manual participation, greatly improves peeling efficiency, and reduces labor cost.
In conclusion, the peeling machine has the advantages of simple structure, ingenious design, high peeling efficiency, good peeling effect and the like, and is particularly suitable for the fruit processing industry.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a process flow diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a shaping plate according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a front view of the first mounting plate of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", and the like, indicate orientations and positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the equipment or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
The first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in figure 1, the invention provides a fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding, which comprises the following steps:
feeding fruits, namely, dropping the fruits to be peeled onto a conveying mechanism through a storage cylinder 37, and conveying the fruits to a peeling station through the conveying mechanism;
step two, fixing and shaping the fruit, wherein after the step one, the extrusion block 6 rotates to the position above the peeling station to be abutted against the fruit to be peeled to fix the fruit, meanwhile, the return device pushes the shaping device to move transversely, and the shaping device is elastically abutted against the side face of the fruit to be peeled, so that the outline of the guide plate 20 in the shaping device is consistent with the outline of the fruit to be peeled;
step three, shaping and fixing, wherein after the step two, a positioning device fixes the shaping device to keep the contour of the guide plate 20 unchanged;
step four, peeling the fruits, wherein after the step three, the power mechanism drives the extrusion block 6 to rotate, the extrusion block 6 drives the fruits to be peeled to rotate, and meanwhile, the power mechanism drives the scraper 28 in contact with the fruits to be peeled to move along the outline of the guide plate 20 from top to bottom and return to the initial position;
and step five, discharging the fruits, after the step four, stopping the power mechanism, loosening the shaping device by the positioning device, rotating the extrusion block 6 to be away from the peeling station, pushing the shaping device to be away from the peeled fruits by the recovery device, moving the peeled fruits out of the peeling station by the conveying mechanism, and conveying the next fruits to be peeled to the peeling station.
Further, in the first step, a valve for controlling feeding of the peeled fruits is disposed at the bottom of the storage cylinder 37, the conveying mechanism is a conveying and transporting system, and the conveyor belt 10 is provided with a plurality of placing blocks for placing the fruits and a protective cover 13 disposed on the placing blocks.
Further, in the second step, the first push rod motor 4 drives the extrusion block 6 to rotate to clamp the fruit with peeling, in the rotating process, the second slide block 42 in the recovery device slides downwards under the action of the second connecting rod 44 and drives the first connecting rod 43 to push the shaping device to move left to contact the fruit with peeling, and the scraper 28 rotates along with the extrusion block 6.
Further, in the second step, when the shaping plates 18 in the shaping device contact the peeled fruit, the profile of the peeled fruit is different, and the second spring 19 is compressed to a different extent, so that the end of the shaping plate 18 is in close contact with the peeled fruit, and the guide plate 20 more accurately presents the profile of the peeled fruit.
Further, in the third step, the second push rod motor 31 drives the second movable plate 32 to move downward, the second movable plate 32 drives the lifting rod 33 to move downward, the lifting rod 33 drives the clamping plate 30 to clamp and fix the guide rod 17, and thus the profile of the guide plate 20 is kept unchanged.
Further, in the fourth step, the power mechanism drives the screw 21 to rotate, the first movable plate 23 sleeved on the outer ring thread of the screw 21 drives the scraper 28 to move downwards to peel off, when the scraper 28 moves to the bottom of the fruit, the power mechanism rotates reversely, and the scraper 28 moves upwards to the initial position.
Furthermore, in the fourth step, the power mechanism is a double-shaft motor 5, one power output shaft of which drives the extrusion block 6 to rotate, and the other power output shaft of which drives the screw 21 to rotate.
Further, in the fourth step, a guiding column contacting the guiding plate 20 is arranged on the scraper 28, the scraper 28 slides in the first sliding groove 24 through the second sliding block 25 in the downward moving process, and the first spring 26 stretches along with the sliding of the second sliding block 25, so that the guiding column and the guiding plate 20 always maintain proper contact force, and the scraper 28 peels off better.
Further, in step five, the first push rod motor 4 drives the squeezing block 6 to rotate to release the peeled fruit, and during the rotation, the second slide block 42 in the recovery device slides upwards under the action of the second connecting rod 44 and drives the first connecting rod 43 to push the shaping device to move away from the peeled fruit to the right.
Further, in the fifth step, the second push rod motor 31 drives the second movable plate 32 to move upward, the second movable plate 32 drives the lifting rod 33 to move upward, and the lifting rod 33 drives the clamping plate 30 to rotate to loosen the guide rod 17, so that the shaping device can move.
Example two:
the invention also provides fruit peeling equipment convenient for automatic feeding, which comprises a bottom plate 1, wherein the top of the bottom plate 1 is fixedly connected with a first supporting plate 2, the top of one side of the first supporting plate 2 is hinged with a top plate 3, the bottom of the top plate 3 is fixedly connected with a double-shaft motor 5, the output shaft at the bottom end of the double-shaft motor 5 is fixedly connected with an extrusion block 6, a feeding device connected with the bottom plate 1 is arranged below the extrusion block 6, the top of the top plate 3 is connected with a peeling device, one side of the feeding device far away from the first supporting plate 2 is provided with a second supporting plate 15 fixedly connected with the bottom plate 1, the top of the second supporting plate 15 is fixedly connected with a first mounting plate 16, a shaping device is arranged on the first mounting plate 16, a return device is movably connected on the shaping device, the top of the first mounting plate 16 is fixedly connected with a placing plate 29, the positioning device is arranged on the top of the placing plate 29;
the feeding device comprises two driving motors 7, a fixed shaft 8, rollers 9, a conveyor belt 10, a support rod 36 and a storage barrel 37, the two driving motors 7 are fixedly connected with the first supporting plate 2, the conveyor belt 10 is arranged below the extrusion block 6, the two rollers 9 are sleeved outside the conveyor belt 10, an output shaft of each driving motor 7 is fixedly connected with the fixed shaft 8, the fixed shaft 8 is fixedly sleeved on an inner ring of the corresponding roller 9, the support rod 36 fixedly connected with the bottom plate 1 is arranged on one side, away from the first supporting plate 2, of the conveyor belt 10, and the storage barrel 37 is fixedly connected onto the support rod 36;
the peeling device comprises a screw rod 21, a guide sleeve 22, a first movable plate 23, a connecting plate 27 and a scraper 28, the screw rod 21 is fixedly connected with an output shaft at the top end of the double-shaft motor 5, the guide sleeve 22 fixedly connected with the top plate 3 is sleeved outside the screw rod 21, the first movable plate 23 is sleeved on an outer ring thread of the screw rod 21, the connecting plate 27 is slidably connected to the bottom of the first movable plate 23, and the scraper 28 is fixedly connected to the bottom of one side, close to the first supporting plate 2, of the connecting plate 27;
the shaping device comprises a plurality of guide rods 17, a shaping plate 18, a second spring 19 and guide plates 20, the guide rods 17 are movably sleeved in the first mounting plate 16, the shaping plate 18 is fixedly connected to one side, close to the first support plate 2, of each guide rod 17, the second spring 19 sleeved on the outer ring of each guide rod 17 is connected between each shaping plate 18 and the first mounting plate 16, and the guide plates 20 are fixedly connected to the front faces of the shaping plates 18;
the restoring device comprises a pulling plate 34, a first fixing rod 35, a first connecting rod 43, a second connecting rod 44 and a second sliding block 42, wherein the pulling plate 34 is movably sleeved on the outer ring of the guide rod 17, the bottom of one side, away from the first mounting plate 16, of the pulling plate 34 is fixedly connected with the first fixing rod 35, one end, away from the pulling plate 34, of the first fixing rod 35 is hinged with the first connecting rod 43, one end, away from the first fixing rod 35, of the first connecting rod 43 is hinged with the second sliding block 42, the top of the second sliding block 42 is hinged with the second connecting rod 44, and one end, away from the second sliding block 42, of the second connecting rod 44 is hinged with the double;
the positioning device comprises a second push rod motor 31, a second movable plate 32, lifting rods 33 and a clamping plate 30, the second push rod motor 31 is fixedly connected to the top of the placing plate 29, the second movable plate 32 is fixedly connected to the tail end of an output shaft of the second push rod motor 31, the bottom of the second movable plate 32 is hinged to the two lifting rods 33, the bottom end of each lifting rod 33 is hinged to the clamping plate 30, and the top of the clamping plate 30 is hinged to the placing plate 29.
The outer ring of the fixed shaft 8 is fixedly sleeved with a bearing 11, the bottom of the bearing 11 is fixedly connected with an installation rod 12 welded with the bottom plate 1, one end of the fixed shaft 8, far away from the driving motor 7, is rotatably connected with a baffle 38, the bottom of the baffle 38 is fixedly connected with the bottom plate 1, the outer ring array of the conveyor belt 10 is provided with a plurality of placing blocks, the placing blocks are rotatably connected with the conveyor belt 10, the top of the placing blocks is fixedly connected with a protective cover 13, a supporting plate 14 fixedly connected with the first supporting plate 2 is arranged above the driving motor 7, the supporting plate 14 is contacted with the inner wall of the top of the conveyor belt 10, the bottom of the movable plate 23 is provided with a first sliding groove 24 along the length direction, a second sliding block 25 is slidably arranged inside the first sliding groove 24, one side of the second sliding block 25, far away from the guide sleeve 22 is connected with a first spring 26, the top of the connecting plate 27 is, the movable plate 23 penetrates through the connecting hole, a second fixed rod 39 fixedly connected with the second support plate 15 is arranged below the first fixed rod 35, one end of the second fixed rod 39 far away from the second support plate 15 is fixedly connected with a second mounting plate 40, one side of the second mounting plate 40 close to the first mounting plate 16 is provided with a second sliding chute 41 along the height direction, a second sliding block 42 is slidably mounted in the second sliding chute 41, the vertical sections of the first sliding chute 24 and the second sliding block 25 are both T-shaped structures, the cross sections of the second sliding chute 41 and the second sliding block 42 are also both T-shaped structures, the first mounting plate 16 is provided with a plurality of first guide holes, the pull plate 34 is provided with a plurality of second guide holes, the guide rod 17 penetrates through the first guide holes and the second guide holes, one end of the guide rod 17 far away from the plastic plate 18 is fixedly connected with a limiting plate, and the outer diameter of the limiting plate is larger than the inner diameter, the back of scraper 28 is fixedly connected with the guide post, and the guide post contacts with deflector 20, and a plurality of third dead levers 45 are fixedly connected with between bracing piece 36 and the storage cylinder 37, and the valve is installed to the bottom of storage cylinder 37.
In the embodiment, firstly, by arranging the feeding device, the apples stored in the storage cylinder 37 on the feeding device automatically fall onto the conveyor belt 10, the driving motor 7 drives the conveyor belt 10 to rotate, the conveyor belt 10 drives the apples to move to the position below the extrusion block 6, the protective cover 13 on the conveyor belt 10 is beneficial to the stable falling of the apples, the first push rod motor 4 drives the top plate 3 to rotate, the top plate 3 drives the double-shaft motor 5 and the extrusion block 6 to move to clamp the apples, when the double-shaft motor 5 drives the extrusion block 6 to rotate, the extrusion block 6 drives the apples and the placing block to rotate on the conveyor belt 10, so that the apples are conveniently scraped in a rotating manner, by arranging the peeling device, the screw 21 on the peeling device is driven by the double-shaft motor 5 to rotate, the screw 21 rotates to drive the first movable plate 23 to move downwards, the first movable plate 23 drives the connecting plate 27 to move downwards, the connecting plate 27 drives the scraper 28 to move downwards, so that the scraper 28 can conveniently move downwards to scrape the skin of the rotating apple, and the skin of the outer ring of the apple can be conveniently scraped.
By arranging the shaping device, the shaping plate 18 on the shaping device is tightly attached to the surface of the apple under the elastic force of the second spring 19, so that the shaping plate 18 can drive the guide plate 20 to change the shape, thereby facilitating the scraper 28 to move along with the guide plate 20, facilitating the scraper 28 to move along with the surface of the apple, by arranging the restoring device, the second connecting rod 44 on the restoring device moves along with the biaxial motor 5, when the biaxial motor 5 moves down, the second connecting rod 44 drives the first fixing rod 35 to move leftwards through the second slider 42 and the first connecting rod 43, the first fixing rod 35 drives the pulling plate 34 to move leftwards, thereby facilitating the shaping of the shaping plate 18, when the biaxial motor 5 moves upwards, the second connecting rod 44 drives the first fixing rod 35 to move rightwards through the second slider 42 and the first connecting rod 43, the first connecting rod 35 drives the pulling plate 34 to move rightwards, thereby enabling the pulling plate 34 to pull the guide rod 17 to move rightwards, therefore, the guide rod 17 can drive the plastic plate 18 to return to the original position, the next apple can be conveniently molded, through the positioning device, the second push rod motor 31 on the positioning device drives the second movable plate 32 to move, the second movable plate 32 drives the lifting rod 33 to move, the lifting rod 33 drives the clamping plate 30 to rotate, the clamping plate 30 can clamp and fix the guide rod 17, and the plastic plate 18 can be conveniently positioned.
The working process of the equipment is as follows:
in the invention, firstly, the fruit drops from the storage cylinder 37 onto the placing block on the conveyor belt 10 and is wrapped by the protective cover 13, the conveyor belt 10 conveys the fruit to be peeled to the peeling station, the first push rod motor 4 drives the top plate 3 to rotate, the extrusion block 6 rotates to the top of the fruit with peel to fix the fruit, the scraper 28 rotates to the side of the fruit with peel, meanwhile, the second connecting rod 44 drives the second sliding block 42 to move downwards, the first connecting rod 43 pushes the shaping device to move leftwards, the plurality of shaping plates 18 are contacted with the fruit with peel, the guide plate 20 forms a contour which is consistent with the outer edge of the fruit with peel, then the second push rod motor 31 drives the second movable plate 32 to move downwards, the second movable plate 32 drives the lifting rod 33 to move downwards, the lifting rod 33 drives the clamping plate 30 to clamp and fix the guide rod 17, further ensuring that the profile of the guide plate 20 remains unchanged, then the double-shaft motor 5 drives the squeezing block 6 to rotate and drive the fruit to be peeled to rotate, at the same time, the screw 21 rotates, the first movable plate 23 sleeved on the outer ring thread of the screw 2 drives the scraper 28 to move downwards along the profile of the guide plate 20 for peeling, when the scraper 28 moves to the bottom of the fruit, the power mechanism rotates reversely, the scraper 28 moves back to the initial position to complete peeling of the fruit, then the second push rod motor 31 drives the second movable plate 32 to move upwards, the second movable plate 32 drives the lifting rod 33 to move upwards, the lifting rod 33 drives the clamping plate 30 to loosen the fixation of the guide rod 17, at this time, the first push rod motor 4 drives the top plate 3 to rotate, and the squeezing block 6 is far away from the peeling station, the second connecting rod 44 drives the second sliding block 42 to move upwards, the first connecting rod 43 pushes the shaping device to move rightwards away from the fruit, the conveyor belt 10 moves the peeled fruit out of the peeling station, and the next fruit to be peeled is conveyed to the peeling station.

Claims (10)

1. A fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding is characterized by comprising the following steps:
feeding fruits, namely, dropping the fruits to be peeled onto a conveying mechanism through a storage cylinder (37), and conveying the fruits to a peeling station through the conveying mechanism;
secondly, fixing and shaping the fruit, wherein after the first step, the extrusion block (6) rotates to the position above the peeling station to be abutted against the fruit to be peeled to fix the fruit, and meanwhile, the return device pushes the shaping device to move transversely, and the shaping device is elastically abutted against the side face of the fruit to be peeled, so that the outline of a guide plate (20) in the shaping device is consistent with the outline of the fruit to be peeled;
step three, shaping and fixing, wherein after the step two, a positioning device fixes the shaping device to keep the contour of the guide plate (20) unchanged;
peeling fruits, wherein after the step three, the power mechanism drives the extrusion block (6) to rotate, the extrusion block (6) drives the fruits to be peeled to rotate, and meanwhile, the power mechanism drives a scraper (28) which is in contact with the fruits to be peeled to move along the outline of the guide plate (20) from top to bottom and return to the initial position;
and fifthly, discharging the fruits, after the fourth step, stopping the power mechanism, loosening the shaping device by the positioning device, rotating the extrusion block (6) to be far away from the peeling station, pushing the shaping device to be far away from the peeled fruits by the recovery device, moving the peeled fruits out of the peeling station by the conveying mechanism, and conveying the next fruits to be peeled to the peeling station.
2. A fruit peeling process facilitating automatic feeding according to claim 1, characterized in that in step one, the bottom of the storage cylinder (37) is provided with a valve for controlling the feeding of the peeled fruit, the conveying mechanism is a conveying and transporting system, and the conveyor belt (10) is provided with a plurality of placing blocks for placing the fruit and a protective cover (13) arranged on the placing blocks.
3. A fruit peeling process with convenient automatic feeding according to claim 1, characterized in that in step two, the first push rod motor (4) drives the squeezing block (6) to rotate to clamp the peeled fruit, during the rotation, the second slide block (42) in the returning device slides downwards under the action of the second connecting rod (44) and drives the first connecting rod (43) to push the shaping device to move left to contact the peeled fruit, and the scraper (28) rotates along with the squeezing block (6).
4. The fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding is characterized in that in the second step, when a plurality of shaping plates (18) in the shaping device are in contact with the peeled fruit, the outer contour of the peeled fruit is different, and the second spring (19) is compressed to different degrees, so that the end parts of the shaping plates (18) are in close contact with the peeled fruit, and the guide plates (20) can more accurately present the contour of the peeled fruit.
5. The fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding according to claim 1, wherein in the third step, the second push rod motor (31) drives the second movable plate (32) to move downwards, the second movable plate (32) drives the lifting rod (33) to move downwards, the lifting rod (33) drives the clamping plate (30) to clamp and fix the guide rod (17), and thus the profile of the guide plate (20) is ensured to be kept unchanged.
6. The fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding according to claim 1, wherein in the fourth step, the power mechanism drives the screw (21) to rotate, the first movable plate (23) sleeved on the outer ring thread of the screw (21) drives the scraper (28) to move downwards for peeling, when the scraper (28) moves to the bottom of the fruit, the power mechanism rotates reversely, and the scraper (28) moves upwards to return to the initial position.
7. The fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding according to claim 6, wherein in the fourth step, the power mechanism is a double-shaft motor (5), one power output shaft of the double-shaft motor drives the squeezing block (6) to rotate, and the other power output shaft of the double-shaft motor drives the screw (21) to rotate.
8. The fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding is characterized in that in the fourth step, a guide column in contact with the guide plate (20) is arranged on the scraper (28), the scraper (28) slides in the first sliding groove (24) through the second sliding block (25) in the process of moving downwards, and the first spring (26) stretches along with the sliding of the second sliding block (25), so that the guide column and the guide plate (20) always keep proper contact force, and the scraper (28) peels better.
9. A fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding according to claim 3, wherein in step five, the first push rod motor (4) drives the squeezing block (6) to rotate to release the peeled fruit, and during the rotation, the second slide block (42) in the returning device slides up under the action of the second connecting rod (44) and drives the first connecting rod (43) to push the shaping device to move away from the peeled fruit.
10. The fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding according to claim 5, wherein in step five, the second pushing rod motor (31) drives the second movable plate (32) to move upward, the second movable plate (32) drives the lifting rod (33) to move upward, the lifting rod (33) drives the clamping plate (30) to rotate to release the guiding rod (17), so that the shaping device can move.
CN201910917231.1A 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 Fruit peeling process convenient for automatic feeding Pending CN110638063A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU602073B2 (en) * 1987-03-23 1990-09-27 State Of Queensland, The Fruit processing apparatus
CN103610219A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-05 泰祥集团技术开发有限公司 Automatic peeling machine for white gourd
CN205695517U (en) * 2016-04-24 2016-11-23 海南大学 A kind of vertical pineapple peeling machine
CN109770383A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-05-21 甄城 A kind of potato is peeled processing unit (plant) automatically
CN109805729A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-05-28 广州二十四度橙园智能装备科技有限公司 Full-automatic peeling machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU602073B2 (en) * 1987-03-23 1990-09-27 State Of Queensland, The Fruit processing apparatus
CN103610219A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-05 泰祥集团技术开发有限公司 Automatic peeling machine for white gourd
CN205695517U (en) * 2016-04-24 2016-11-23 海南大学 A kind of vertical pineapple peeling machine
CN109805729A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-05-28 广州二十四度橙园智能装备科技有限公司 Full-automatic peeling machine
CN109770383A (en) * 2019-04-01 2019-05-21 甄城 A kind of potato is peeled processing unit (plant) automatically

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