CN110589520A - Blanking device - Google Patents

Blanking device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110589520A
CN110589520A CN201910912158.9A CN201910912158A CN110589520A CN 110589520 A CN110589520 A CN 110589520A CN 201910912158 A CN201910912158 A CN 201910912158A CN 110589520 A CN110589520 A CN 110589520A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
plate
distributing
blanking
spiral conveying
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910912158.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
盛成俊
王维强
陈荣龙
杨琪文
杨斌
杨帅
邹娜
宫晶
钱烨
李海
闫秀成
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Ever Win Intelligent Equipment Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Ever Win Intelligent Equipment Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen Ever Win Intelligent Equipment Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Ever Win Intelligent Equipment Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910912158.9A priority Critical patent/CN110589520A/en
Publication of CN110589520A publication Critical patent/CN110589520A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J36/00Parts, details or accessories of cooking-vessels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/005Control arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/30Methods or devices for filling or emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks, or like containers, of interest apart from their use in particular chemical or physical processes or their application in particular machines, e.g. not covered by a single other subclass
    • B65G65/34Emptying devices
    • B65G65/40Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top
    • B65G65/46Devices for emptying otherwise than from the top using screw conveyors
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F11/00Coin-freed apparatus for dispensing, or the like, discrete articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0202Agricultural and processed food products

Abstract

The invention discloses a blanking device, which comprises a material container, a material shifting plate and a spiral conveying device, wherein the material container comprises a material cavity; the material cavity is divided into a material containing cavity and a material distributing cavity by a partition plate, and a material passing gap D is formed between the material containing cavity and the material distributing cavity; the spiral conveying device is arranged in the material distributing cavity, and the material shifting plate is rotatably arranged in the material passing gap D and separates the material containing cavity from the material distributing cavity; the material stirring plate rotates to overturn the material in the material containing cavity and fall into the spiral conveying device in the material distributing cavity, and then the material is conveyed out by the spiral conveying device. The automatic quantitative material taking device can better achieve the purpose of automatic quantitative material taking, meets the requirements of automatic quantitative addition of auxiliary materials and dishes in the fields of automatic food and beverage selling and automatic dish frying, and finally promotes the development of the fields of automatic food and beverage selling and automatic dish frying.

Description

Blanking device
Technical Field
The invention relates to a blanking device.
Background
In the catering industry, particularly in the field of automatic selling or automatic frying, auxiliary materials and dishes are automatically packaged in containers (such as bowls), particularly boiled meat (sirloins) are usually in block shapes, the sirloins and the sirloins are adhered to each other due to the existence of soup, and the shapes and the sizes of the sirloins are not consistent.
No means for efficiently and effectively serving cooked meat (sirloin) in containers (bowls) has emerged in the prior art, which severely restricts the development of the catering vending and automatic cooking fields.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a blanking device.
The blanking device comprises a material container comprising a material cavity, a material shifting plate and a spiral conveying device;
the material cavity is divided into a material containing cavity and a material distributing cavity by a partition plate, and a material passing gap D is formed between the material containing cavity and the material distributing cavity; the spiral conveying device is arranged in the material distributing cavity, and the material shifting plate is rotatably arranged in the material passing gap D and separates the material containing cavity from the material distributing cavity; the material stirring plate rotates to overturn the material in the material containing cavity and fall into the spiral conveying device in the material distributing cavity, and then the material is conveyed out by the spiral conveying device.
When the material distributing device is used, materials (meat blocks and sirloin) are placed into the material containing cavity, the material distributing plate is located in the material passing gap, so that when the material distributing plate is static and does not rotate, the material distributing plate can block the materials in the material containing cavity to prevent the materials from entering the material distributing cavity, when the materials need to be sent out, the material distributing plate is driven to rotate, the materials located in the material containing cavity are distributed into the material distributing cavity by the material distributing plate, the materials entering the material distributing cavity fall onto the spiral conveying device, and finally the materials are conveyed out of the material distributing cavity through the spiral conveying device.
The material stirring plate is positioned between the material containing cavity and the material distributing cavity, the rotating shaft of the material stirring plate drives the material stirring plate to overturn so as to stir the materials in the material containing cavity into the material distributing cavity, and then the materials are secondarily distributed by the screw conveying device and conveyed out; this technical scheme's switch plate can be with the material intracavity that holds irregularly, material (meat piece etc.) that link each other dials a small amount and send into branch material chamber, carry out secondary separation and blanking by screw conveyer at last, namely, it can be with a heap unordered, material (meat piece etc.) autosegregation under the state of linking each other suitable amount material (meat piece etc.) each other, with realize the purpose of automatic ration material of getting better, satisfy the automatic quantitative auxiliary material that adds in food and beverage vending and the automatic fried dish field, the requirement of vegetable material, finally promote the development in food and beverage vending and automatic fried dish field.
In some specific embodiments, the device further comprises a power device and a side plate for driving the material poking plate to rotate; the baffle plate, the material shifting plate, the side plate and the power device form a material shifting assembly, and the material shifting assembly is detachably mounted in the material cavity; when the material poking assembly is installed in the material cavity, the partition plate, the side plates and the inner wall of the material cavity are encircled to form a material containing cavity.
In view of the scene used by the technology of the invention, the material shifting assembly is usually required to be cleaned after being used, the material shifting assembly in the technical scheme is made into a detachable structure, after the blanking device is used, the whole material shifting assembly can be directly taken out, then the material distributing cavity and the material containing cavity are connected into the material container, the material container and the material shifting assembly can be cleaned respectively during cleaning, the cleaning can be carried out without dead angles, the sanitation is ensured, and particularly in the catering industry, the design can reduce the cleaning difficulty of workers.
In some specific embodiments, the material distributing cavity extends outwards to form the outer wall of the material discharging container, an opening is formed in the end part of the material distributing cavity of the outward extending part, the bottom wall of the material distributing cavity of the outward extending part is provided with a material discharging opening facing downwards, and the spiral conveying device is detachably mounted in the material distributing cavity through the opening; the screw conveyor conveys the material, and the material drops when conveyed to the discharge port.
The spiral conveying device is designed to be of a detachable structure, and can be detached to be cleaned when being cleaned, so that the clean and sanitary blanking device after being used is ensured, and bacteria are prevented from breeding.
In some embodiments, a fixing plate is arranged at one end of the spiral conveying device, and a matching hole is arranged at the other end of the spiral conveying device; a rotating shaft matched with the matching hole is arranged at the other end part of the material distribution cavity opposite to the opening; when the spiral conveying device is installed, the spiral conveying device extends into the material distribution cavity through the opening in the end part of the material distribution cavity, the rotating shaft is inserted into the matching hole, the fixing plate is abutted against the end part of the opening of the material distribution cavity at the moment, and the fixing plate is fixed to the end part of the material distribution cavity through the screw.
After the matching hole of the spiral conveying device is matched with the rotating shaft, the rotation of the spiral conveying device is driven by the rotating shaft to realize the purpose of conveying materials (the rotating shaft can be driven by a motor arranged on the outer wall of the material container).
In some specific embodiments, the power device comprises a rack, a cylinder which is arranged on the material stirring assembly and is used for driving the rack to move, a gear which is meshed with the rack and a one-way bearing; the one-way bearing is arranged on the rotating shaft, and the gear is arranged on the one-way bearing; the rack drives the gear to rotate positively, and the rotating shaft drives the shifting plate to rotate from the material containing cavity to the material distributing cavity so as to shift the material in the material containing cavity into the material distributing cavity; the rack drives the gears to rotate in opposite directions, and the gears rotate independently.
The one-way bearing can freely rotate in one direction and is locked in the other direction, wherein the forward rotation of the rack driving gear is the rotation of the one-way bearing in the locking direction, the bearing does not rotate in the rotating direction, and the bearing and the rotating shaft are integrated into a whole, namely, the rotation of the gear driving bearing drives the rotating shaft to rotate, so that the material shifting plate is driven to rotate, and the material is conveyed from the material containing cavity to the material distributing cavity; on the contrary, the rack driving gear rotates reversely, namely the rack moves reversely (the movement can be understood as the movement of returning the rack, and the rack returns to the initial position of the forward movement), the rack moves reversely to drive the gear to rotate, and the gear drives the bearing to rotate freely, namely, in the process, the bearing rotates freely relative to the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft cannot drive the rotating shaft to rotate simultaneously, at the moment, the rotating shaft cannot drive the shifting plate to rotate, and the shifting plate cannot shift materials from the material containing cavity into the material distributing cavity.
Above design, on the one hand, can guarantee that the switch-plate is in succession from flourishing material chamber to the unidirectional rotation who divides the material chamber, on the other hand, can design into the intermittent type of switch-plate and rotate, and the material that a sheet material board once rotated and carried a specific weight gets into divides the material chamber, and specific weight size can be decided through the diameter of switch-plate and the space size that every switch-plate formed.
In some embodiments, further comprising an adjustment plate mounted to the partition; the height of the adjusting plate is adjustable so as to adjust the size of the material passing gap D.
In some embodiments, further comprising an insulating layer and a heating cavity; the heating cavity is tightly attached to the outer wall of the material container, and the heat preservation layer is tightly attached to the outer wall of the heating cavity.
When the heating device is used, a certain amount of water is injected into the heating cavity, then the water can be heated by heating elements such as the heating wires and the steam pipe, the heated water can be insulated by the heat-insulating layer, the heat diffusion is reduced, and therefore the heat of materials (meat and vegetables) in the material cavity of the material container can be insulated.
In some specific embodiments, the material distribution cavity is provided with a sieve hole and a conduit connected with the sieve hole; the sieve holes are positioned at the bottom of the distributing cavity of the overhanging part.
The meat and vegetable materials are often provided with liquids such as soup and the like, and in the process of conveying the meat and vegetable by the spiral conveying device, the meat and vegetable firstly pass through the sieve pores, so that the soup leaks out through the sieve pores, enters the guide pipe and is discharged, and then the meat and vegetable are conveyed to the discharge port and are discharged through the discharge port. On the other hand, when the blanking device is cleaned, water flushed from the material cavity can flow away through the sieve holes.
In some embodiments, the vibration generator further comprises a base, a spring and a vibrator;
the vibrator is arranged on the material container, one end of the spring is connected with the base, and the other end of the spring is connected with the material container; the bottom of the material containing cavity is provided with an inclined plate, and the bottom end of the inclined plate is bordered by the material separating cavity.
The vibrator vibrates to drive the material container to shake, so that materials in the material containing cavity slide down along the inclined plate to the bottom, the material containing cavity is tightly attached to the material shifting plate to rotate by the material shifting plate, and finally the materials tightly attached to the material shifting plate are overturned and shifted into the material distributing cavity by the rotation of the material shifting plate; in addition, when the blanking device is installed on an auxiliary machine (or other table tops) for use, the base is fixed on the machine, and the base and the material container are separated by the spring, so that the base can reduce the influence caused by the vibration of the vibrator, and the vibration of the whole machine can be reduced.
In some specific embodiments, the device further comprises a weight metering module, wherein the weight metering module comprises a material containing bowl, a turnover cylinder, a weight detector and a rocker arm; the rocker arm is arranged on the turnover cylinder, the weight detector is arranged on the rocker arm, the material containing bowl is arranged on the weight detector, and the material containing bowl is used for containing materials conveyed out of the spiral conveying device; wherein the material is blocky meat or blocky melons and fruits.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a blanking device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an internal structure of a distributing chamber and a containing chamber in one embodiment of the blanking device shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an internal structure of an embodiment of the blanking device shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an exploded view of a blanking device according to another embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a material-ejecting plate according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a material pulling assembly of one embodiment of the material dropping device shown in FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of an adjustment plate in the blanking device according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the material distributing cavity and the spiral conveying device of the blanking device of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic perspective view of the material distribution chamber and the screw conveyor in fig. 8.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further elucidated with reference to the drawing.
The drawings are for illustrative purposes only and are not to be construed as limiting the patent; for the purpose of better illustrating the embodiments, certain features of the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced, and do not represent the size of an actual product; it will be understood by those skilled in the art that certain well-known structures in the drawings and descriptions thereof may be omitted.
In the description of the invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, e.g. as being fixed or detachable or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, so to speak, as communicating between the two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art. The technical scheme of the invention is further explained by combining the drawings and the embodiment.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the blanking device according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a material container 6 including a material cavity 612, a material-shifting plate 206, and a screw conveying device 80; the material cavity 612 is divided into a material containing cavity 60 and a material distributing cavity 40 by a partition plate 261, and a material passing gap D is formed between the material containing cavity 60 and the material distributing cavity 40; the spiral conveying device 80 is installed in the distributing cavity 40 (the spiral conveying device 80 is installed at the bottom of the distributing cavity 40, wherein the bottom of the distributing cavity 40 is in a shape corresponding to the outer contour of the spiral conveying device 80 and is in clearance fit with the outer contour of the spiral conveying device 80), the material shifting plate 206 is rotatably installed in the material passing gap D (the material passing gap D is filled), and the material containing cavity 60 and the distributing cavity 40 are separated by the material shifting plate 206 (refer to fig. 3); after the material poking plate 206 rotates to turn over the material in the material containing cavity 60 and fall into the spiral conveying device 80 in the material distribution cavity 40, the material is sent out by the spiral conveying device 80.
The spiral conveying device 80 (commonly called auger) can be an auger without a central rod or an auger with a central rod, the auger with a central rod is taken as a specific embodiment of the invention for explanation, the principle that the auger rotates and can separate materials is the prior art, and not described herein, and a specific embodiment of the rotation of the auger can be driven by a motor (the specific motor can be arranged on the outer side wall of the material container, and a rotating shaft 802 driven by the motor extends into the material separating cavity 40 and is used for being connected with the center of the spiral conveying device 80). In addition, in the present technology, a specific embodiment of the material-shifting plate 206 includes a central rotating shaft 246 and more than two vanes 266 uniformly distributed on the central rotating shaft 246, referring to fig. 5 (five vanes 266 are uniformly distributed on one central rotating shaft 246, and the material can fall into a gap between two adjacent vanes 266, and then is turned over into the material-distributing cavity when the material-shifting plate 206 rotates);
referring to fig. 2 and 3, for an embodiment of the material containing cavity 60 and the material distributing cavity 40, the bottom of the material containing cavity 60 is an inclined structure, that is, an inclined plate 603, the material distributing cavity 40 is bordered by the bottom end of the inclined plate 603, a partition plate 261 is disposed right above the bordered position of the material containing cavity 60 and the material distributing cavity 40, the partition plate 261 extends downward, the tail end of the partition plate 261 forms a material passing gap D at the bordered position of the material containing cavity 60 and the material distributing cavity 40, and the material shifting plate 206 is a material passing gap D formed at the bordered position of the material containing cavity 60 and the material distributing cavity 40 (the central rotating shaft 245 of the material shifting plate 206 is optimally located right below the partition plate 261), so as to finally separate the material containing cavity 60 from the material distributing cavity 40, and simultaneously, the rotation of the material shifting plate 206 can turn and shift meat and vegetables in the material containing cavity 60 into the material distributing; in view of the fact that the material-shifting plate 206 needs to rotate, a circular arc plate 67 which is adaptive to the rotating radius of the outline of the material-shifting plate 206 is arranged at the junction of the material-holding cavity 60 and the material-distributing cavity 40 and is used for accommodating the material-shifting plate 206.
In view of the above design, the working principle of the present technical solution is that materials (meat pieces, sirloin) are placed in the material containing cavity 60, and since the material shifting plate 206 is located at the material passing gap D, when the material shifting plate 206 is static and not rotating, the material shifting plate 206 can block the materials in the material containing cavity 60 to prevent the materials from entering the material distributing cavity 40, and when the materials need to be sent out, the material shifting plate 206 is driven to rotate, the material shifting plate 206 shifts the materials in the material containing cavity 60 into the material distributing cavity 40, the materials entering the material distributing cavity 40 fall onto the screw conveyor 80, and finally the materials are conveyed out of the material distributing cavity through the screw conveyor 80.
The material shifting plate 206 is positioned between the material containing cavity 60 and the material distributing cavity 40, the rotating shaft of the material shifting plate 206 drives the material shifting plate 206 to turn over so as to shift the material in the material containing cavity 60 into the material distributing cavity 40, then the material is secondarily distributed by the screw conveying device 80 to further disperse the material, and the dispersed material is conveyed out block by block; this technical scheme's switch plate 206 can be with containing material in the chamber 60 irregularly, the material (meat piece etc.) of gluing each other is dialled a small amount and is sent into branch material chamber 40, carry out secondary separation and blanking by screw conveyor 80 at last, namely, it can be one pile unordered, material (meat piece etc.) autosegregation under the state of gluing each other suitable amount of material (meat piece etc.) to better realize the purpose of automatic ration material of getting, satisfy the food and beverage automatic selling and the interpolation auxiliary material in the automatic fried dish field, the requirement of vegetable material, finally promote the development in food and beverage automatic selling and automatic fried dish field.
The washing method aims at the convention that the used utensil in the catering industry needs to be washed and the characteristic of sanitation needs to be noticed; the invention is specially designed as follows:
the device also comprises a power device 21 and a side plate 262 for driving the material poking plate 206 to rotate; the partition 261, the material shifting plate 206, the side plate 262, the power device 21 and other components are integrated on a mounting frame to form a material shifting assembly 20 (refer to fig. 6), and the material shifting assembly 20 is detachably mounted in the material cavity 612; when the kick-out assembly 20 is installed in the material cavity 612, the partition 261, the side plate 262 and the inner wall of the material cavity 612 enclose a material containing cavity 60.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 4, the material shifting assembly 20 is installed in front of the material chamber 612, the material chamber 612 is an integral volume containing the material containing chamber 60 and the material distributing chamber 40, and after the material shifting assembly 20 is disassembled during cleaning, the material containing chamber 60 and the material distributing chamber 40 form an integral volume (the material chamber 612), which is relatively easy to clean, and the blocking objects are greatly reduced, and the cleaning has no dead angle, so that the operation of an operator is convenient.
When the material shifting device is used, the material shifting component 20 is vertically inserted into the material cavity 612, a positioning part can be arranged on the outer wall of the material shifting component 20, or the top of the outer wall is turned over and matched with the outer wall of the material container 6 in a grabbing manner, so that the material shifting component 20 is fixed at a specific position of the material cavity 612, namely, after the material shifting component 20 is fixed at the specific position of the material cavity 612, the partition plate 261, the side plate 262 and part of the inner wall of the material cavity 612 surround the material containing cavity 60, and the space of the material cavity 612 except the part surrounded by the material containing cavity 60 is used as the material distributing cavity 40 and a power cavity 771 for containing the power device 21 (the power cavity 771 can be formed by surrounding the outer wall of the side plate 262, the tail end of which is bent to abut against; finally, the general relationship between the material chamber 612, the power chamber 771, the material containing chamber 60 and the material distributing chamber 40 is: the volume of the material cavity 612 is equal to the sum of the power cavity 771, the material containing cavity 60 and the material distributing cavity 40. The reason for enclosing a power cavity 771 here is to separate the material from the power unit 21 (the power unit 21 is just received in the power cavity 771 after the kick-off assembly 20 is vertically loaded into the cavity) and prevent them from contacting each other.
Referring to fig. 4, 8 and 9, the outer wall C of the discharging bladder 6 extends out of the material distributing cavity 40, an opening 401 is disposed at an end of the material distributing cavity 40 of the extending portion (the length of the material distributing cavity of the extending portion is shown as M in the figure), a discharging opening 402 facing downward is disposed at a bottom wall of the material distributing cavity 40 of the extending portion (the length of the material distributing cavity of the extending portion is shown as M in the figure), and the spiral conveying device 80 is detachably mounted in the material distributing cavity 40 through the opening 401; the screw conveyor 80 conveys the material, and when the material is conveyed to the discharge port 402, the material drops, that is, the material is conveyed out through the screw conveyor 80 after being shifted to the material distributing cavity corresponding to the material containing cavity by the material shifting plate 206, and drops after passing through the discharge port 402.
It should be noted that, the above emphasized that "the screw conveyer 80 is detachably mounted to the material distribution chamber 40 through the opening 401" means that the screw conveyer 80 can be mounted to the material distribution chamber 40 by extending into the material distribution chamber 40 through the opening 401, and can also be pulled out of the material distribution chamber 40 through the opening 401, so as to achieve the purpose of convenient detachment and assembly.
More specifically, the present invention provides a specific embodiment of the disassembly of the screw conveyor 80, and referring to fig. 4, 8 and 9, a fixing plate 803 is disposed at one end of the screw conveyor 80, and a fitting hole 8011 is disposed at the other end of the screw conveyor 80 (disposed on the central axis of the screw conveyor, in case of using a rodless screw conveyor, a small central axis may be disposed at the two ends to complete the design of the fixing plate 803 and the fitting hole 8011); the other end of the material distributing cavity 40 opposite to the opening 401 is provided with a rotating shaft 802 matched with the matching hole 8011, and the rotating shaft 802 is driven by a motor (not shown) arranged on the material container.
When the screw conveyor 80 is installed, the screw conveyor 80 extends into the distribution cavity 40 through the opening 401 at the end of the distribution cavity 40 (as shown in the direction t in fig. 9), and finally the rotating shaft 802 is inserted into the fitting hole 8011 (so that the rotation of the rotating shaft 802 can drive the rotation of the screw conveyor 80 to be installed), at this time, the fixing plate 803 abuts against the end of the opening 401 of the distribution cavity 40, and finally, the fixing plate 803 is fixed at the end of the distribution cavity 40 by the screw 804. When disassembly is required, the screws 804 are unscrewed and the fixing plate 803 can be grasped by hand to pull the screw conveyor 80 out of the material separating chamber.
The screw conveying device 80 of the invention adopts a packing auger with a central rod, a fixing plate 803 is vertically fixed at one end of the central rod, and a matching hole 8011 is arranged at the end part of the other end of the central rod.
Therefore, the blanking device can be disassembled into 3 parts, namely the spiral conveying device 80, the material poking assembly 20 and the material container 6, and each module has a reasonable integrated structure, is convenient to disassemble and assemble, is finally convenient to clean, keeps clean and sanitary, and prevents bacteria from breeding.
The above-mentioned power device 21 may adopt a motor, and may also adopt the following specific embodiments:
referring to fig. 6 and 7, the power device 21 includes a rack 202, a cylinder 201 mounted to the kick-out assembly 20 and used for driving the rack 202 to move, a gear 205 engaged with the rack 202, and a one-way bearing 207; the one-way bearing 207 is installed on the rotating shaft 802 (the inner ring of the one-way bearing 207 is coaxially sleeved and fixed on the rotating shaft 802), and the gear 205 is installed on the one-way bearing 207 (the gear 205 is coaxially sleeved and fixed on the outer ring of the one-way bearing 802).
The telescopic rod of the cylinder 201 drives the rack 202 to move vertically, so that the rack 202 drives the gear 205 to rotate in the forward direction, and at the moment, the rotating shaft 802 drives the material poking plate 206 to rotate from the material containing cavity 60 to the material distribution cavity 40, so as to poke the material in the material containing cavity 60 into the material distribution cavity 40; the rack 202 drives the gear 205 to rotate reversely, the gear 205 rotates alone, at this time, the gear 205 rotates with the outer ring of the one-way bearing 207, the rotating shaft 802 does not rotate, and the material-poking plate 206 is stationary.
The one-way bearing 207 is a bearing which can rotate freely in one direction and is locked in the other direction, referring to fig. 6, the rack 202 (the rack 202 moves downwards) drives the gear 205 to rotate in the locking direction, shown as M, that is, the outer ring of the one-way bearing 207 cannot rotate relative to the inner ring thereof, that is, the gear 205 drives the inner ring and the outer ring of the one-way bearing 207 to rotate simultaneously in the rotating direction, the outer ring of the one-way bearing 207 cannot rotate freely relative to the inner ring thereof, because the inner ring is fixedly installed on the rotating shaft 802 rotating the material-stirring plate 206, and when the rotating shaft 802 receives the rotating force of one inner ring of the one-way bearing 207, the rotating shaft 802 can rotate on the rotating shaft seat (the rotating shaft 802 can be rotatably installed on the material-stirring assembly 20), thereby driving the material-stirring plate 206 to rotate; at this time, it can be understood that the one-way bearing 207 rotates along with the gear 105 and the one-way bearing 207 and the rotating shaft 802 rotate together, that is, the gear 205 drives the rotation of the one-way bearing 207 to rotate the rotating shaft 802, so as to drive the material-shifting plate 206 cooperating with the rotating shaft 802 to rotate, so that the material-shifting plate 206 shifts the material in the material-holding cavity into the material-distributing cavity.
In use, it may be provided that the stroke of the rack 202 corresponds to a specific angle of rotation of the gear 205, which corresponds to the angle of rotation of the material-poking plate 206, i.e. the amount of meat that can be flipped once by the material-poking plate 206 from the material-holding chamber into the material-dispensing chamber, the direction of rotation being in the direction of M in fig. 6, for example, referring to fig. 5, if the material-poking plate 206 is specifically designed such that five blades 266 are evenly distributed on a central rotating shaft 246, it may be designed such that one stroke of the rack 202 corresponds to an angle of 360 °/5 °/72 ° (the flipping of the angle just pokes material between adjacent blades 266 into the material-dispensing chamber).
On the contrary, the rack 202 drives the gear 205 to rotate reversely, i.e. the one-way bearing 207 rotates freely in one direction, in which the one-way bearing 207 can rotate freely on the rotating shaft 802, i.e. the rack 202 moves reversely (the rack 202 moves upwards), and at this time, the rotating direction of the gear 205 is as shown in the figure N (the reverse movement of the rack 202 can be understood as the movement of returning the rack 202 to its original position of forward movement), the rack 202 moves reversely to drive the gear 205 to rotate, the gear 205 drives the one-way bearing 207 to rotate freely, i.e. in this process, the one-way bearing 207 rotates freely relative to the rotating shaft 802, the rotation of the one-way bearing 207 cannot drive the rotating shaft 802 to rotate simultaneously (the outer ring of the one-way bearing 207 rotates with the gear 202, the inner ring is fixed on the rotating shaft 802, i.e. the outer ring rotates, the, the kick-off plate 206 does not kick-off the material into the material-dividing chamber.
In summary, referring to fig. 6, the rack 202 drives the gear 205 to rotate in the forward direction, that is, the cylinder 201 drives the rack 202 to move downward, the gear 205 engaged with the rack 202 rotates in the direction M, and drives the inner ring and the outer ring of the one-way bearing 207 (the outer ring cannot rotate relative to the inner ring because the one-way bearing is locked in the direction) to rotate in the direction M at the same time, and since the rotating shaft 802 rotatably mounted on the material shifting assembly 20 is fixedly mounted on the inner ring of the one-way bearing 207, as shown, the rotating shaft 802 also rotates in the direction M, so as to drive the material shifting plate 206 to rotate, and the angle of rotation of the material shifting plate 206 finally driven by one stroke of the downward movement of the rack 202 may correspond to the amount of the material (vegetable meat) that is shifted into the. When the rack 202 travels downwards for one stroke, the rack 202 is located at the lowest position, the air cylinder 201 reversely drives the rack 202, the rack 202 moves upwards, the gear 205 rotates towards the N direction, namely the gear 205 drives the outer ring of the one-way bearing 207 to rotate towards the N direction (the one-way bearing 207 is in a non-locking working state, the outer ring of the one-way bearing 207 rotates along with the gear 202, the inner ring is fixed on the rotating shaft 802, namely the outer ring rotates, and the inner ring does not rotate), namely the rack 202 drives the gear 205 to rotate reversely, the gear 205 independently rotates, and the material shifting plate 206 does not rotate along with the rotation, and the process is a process of returning the rack 202 to wait for material shifting.
Above design, on the one hand, can guarantee that the switch-plate is in succession from flourishing material chamber to the unidirectional rotation in branch material chamber (as long as control rack operating speed is fast enough), on the other hand, can design into the intermittent type of switch-plate and rotate, and the switch-plate rotates once every time and carries the material of a specific weight and get into branch material chamber, and specific weight size can be decided through the diameter of switch-plate and the space size that every switch-plate formed.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 7, an adjusting plate 203 may be further included, the adjusting plate 203 being mounted to the partition 261; the height of the adjusting plate 203 is adjustable to adjust the size of the material passing gap D. Specifically, baffle 261 sets up the screw hole, regulating plate 203 sets up the logical groove of certain length, the height of regulation is decided by logical groove length, adjusting screw 204 and screw hole cooperation, when installing this regulating plate 203, adjusting screw passes logical groove, adjusting screw's the nut back pushes down regulating plate 203, along with adjusting screw in screw hole with regulating plate 203 fixed mounting in baffle 261, when punishment in advance clearance D needs to be adjusted, not hard up adjusting screw, because logical groove leaves the clearance and supplies regulating plate 203 to reciprocate for adjusting screw 203, so make regulating plate 203 reciprocate, make regulating plate 203 stretch out the terminal altitude variation of baffle 261, finally obtain required material clearance D after, screw up adjusting screw can.
In view of the randomness of the size or the shape of the meat blocks and the randomness of the positions of the meat blocks when the meat blocks are shifted into and turned over by the shifting plate 206, the blanking device can adjust the material passing gap D according to the size of the meat blocks when in use, on one hand, a proper gap is left, the meat blocks can smoothly enter the material distribution cavity from the material containing cavity when being shifted up to be positioned at a high position, and on the other hand, the surplus meat blocks shifted into by the shifting plate 206 can be blocked to return to the material containing cavity, so that quantitative material taking is facilitated.
More preferably, referring to fig. 7, the end (the lowest end participating in forming the material passing gap D) of the adjusting plate 203 is bent toward the material containing cavity, when the material shifting plate 206 shifts over the material from the material containing cavity (the material is higher than the outer contour of the material shifting plate 206 due to stacking), when the material shifting plate 206 carries the material to turn over from the material containing cavity to the material distributing cavity, the material over the material shifting plate 206 hits the bent portion at the end of the adjusting plate 203 and is shoveled and dropped back into the material containing cavity, so as to prevent the over-high material and the end of the partition 261 from being extruded and sheared.
Referring to fig. 3, it is more preferable to further include an insulating layer 604 and a heating cavity 601; the heating cavity 601 is tightly attached to the outer wall of the material container 6, and the heat insulation layer 604 is tightly attached to the outer wall of the heating cavity 601.
Heating elements such as heating wires (for example, steam heating) can be arranged in the heating cavity 601, appropriate water is added into the heating cavity 601 in use, the heating elements such as the heating wires heat 605, the heated water can be insulated by the heat insulation layer, heat diffusion is reduced, and therefore heat insulation can be carried out on materials (meat and vegetables) in the material cavity of the material container. More preferably, a liquid level sensor and a temperature sensor can be respectively arranged in the heating cavity 601 to detect the water added into the heating cavity, when the water is less than a preset amount, the valve can be automatically controlled to be opened, so that the water flows into the heating cavity 601 from the pipeline for replenishing water until the water amount is proper, the temperature sensor is used for detecting the temperature in the heating cavity 601, when the temperature is reduced to a certain value, heating elements such as heating wires are driven to automatically heat to the preset temperature, and finally the temperature is kept constant.
Referring to fig. 4, 8 and 9, preferably, the distribution chamber 40 is provided with a sieve 16 and a conduit 161 connected with the sieve 16; the sieve holes 16 are located at the bottom of the distribution chamber 40 (shown as M in the figure) of the overhanging part. The duct 161 is fixed to the outer wall of the distribution chamber 40 and surrounds the sieve holes to drain the juice flowing out of the sieve holes 16.
The meat and vegetable materials often contain liquid such as soup, and in the process of conveying the meat and vegetable by the spiral conveying device 80, the meat and vegetable firstly pass through the sieve holes 16, so that the soup leaks out through the sieve holes and enters the guide pipe to be discharged, then the meat and vegetable are continuously conveyed, finally conveyed to the discharge hole 402 and sent out through the discharge hole 402. In addition, when the blanking device is cleaned, water flushed from the material cavity can flow away through the sieve holes.
More preferably, referring to fig. 1, 3 and 4, further comprising a base 90, a spring 30 and a vibrator 70; the vibrator 70 is arranged on the material container 6, one end of the spring 30 is connected with the base 90, and the other end of the spring 30 is connected with the material container 6; the bottom of the material containing cavity 60 is provided with an inclined plate 603, and the lowermost end of the inclined plate 603 borders the material separating cavity 40.
The vibrator 70 vibrates to drive the material container 6 (including other components mounted on the material container 6, for example, the screw conveyor 80 and the material shifting assembly 20 mounted on the material container 6 vibrate at the same time) to vibrate, so that the material in the material containing cavity 60 slides down along the inclined plate 603 toward the bottom direction, and then clings to the material shifting plate 206 to rotate the material shifting plate 206, and finally, the rotation of the material shifting plate 206 overturns the material clinging to the material shifting plate 206 into the material distributing cavity 40; the vibration of the circulation can ensure that the materials in the material containing cavity 60 always slide down and cling to the material shifting plate 206, and the material shifting plate 206 can block the materials in the material containing cavity 60 to prevent the materials from directly falling into the material distribution cavity 40, and the final effect is that the material shifting plate 206 can rotate as required to shift the materials in the material containing cavity 60 into the material distribution cavity 40, so that the materials can be separated and conveyed out again by the screw conveying device 80, and finally the materials can be conveyed out in a single block state to facilitate subsequent metering; in addition, when the blanking device is installed on an auxiliary machine (or other table tops) for use, the base is fixed on the machine, and the base and the material container are separated by the spring, so that the base can reduce the influence caused by the vibration of the vibrator, and the vibration of the whole machine can be reduced.
Referring to fig. 1, the present invention further includes a weight metering module 716, the weight metering module 716 is disposed below the discharge port 402, the material-stirring plate 206 stirs an appropriate amount of meat pieces from the whole stack of meat pieces stored in the material-holding chamber 60, the process is equivalent to a first separation and removal process of the meat pieces, the meat pieces stired out fall onto the screw conveyor 80 of the material-separating chamber 40 along with the turning of the material-stirring plate 206, and then pass through a second separation of the screw conveyor 80, so as to further disperse and convey the meat pieces to the discharge port 402, the effect of the process is that meat can be taken from the stack of meat pieces and disperse the meat taken out, finally the purpose of dropping the meat pieces from the discharge port 402 is achieved, the meat pieces dropped in sequence fall into the weight metering module 716, and the weight is gradually accumulated and recognized by the weight metering module 716, and finally reaches the required weight, the weight metering module 716 can send a signal to drive the air cylinder 201 to drive the motor of the screw conveyer to stop working, so that the material poking plate 206 stops poking the meat blocks into the material distributing cavity, and then the meat blocks with specific weight obtained in the weight metering module 716 are taken out. Therefore, the purpose of quantitatively taking materials can be achieved. The weight measuring module 716 can be replaced by a photoelectric sensor, the photoelectric sensor is arranged on the falling track of the meat blocks, counting is carried out when the meat blocks are detected to fall, and the total counting value is accumulated until the preset number is met, so that the blanking can be controlled to be suspended.
Specifically, the weight measuring module 716 of the present invention includes a material holding bowl 74, a turning cylinder 75, a weight detector (which may specifically employ a gravity sensor), and a rocker arm; the rocker arm is arranged on the overturning cylinder 75, the gravity sensor is arranged on the rocker arm, and the material containing bowl 74 is arranged on the gravity sensor; the single meat blocks fall into the material containing bowl 74 and are monitored and measured in real time by a gravity sensor, the single meat blocks continue to fall, the accumulated weight is calculated, and after the preset weight is reached, a signal is sent out to control the material stirring plate 206 and the spiral conveying device 80 to stop working, meanwhile, the overturning air cylinder 75 drives the rocker arm to overturn for 180 degrees, so that the meat blocks with specific weight in the material containing bowl 74 fall into the meat bowl 76, and the meat taking work of a quantitative meat block is completed. The above circulation work can circulate and quantitatively take meat.
The use of the invention can be used for pieces of meat or pieces of melon and fruit analogs, such as cooked meat, vegetables, dried fruits, grains, rice, balls, candies, shells, granular seasonings and the like.
In the drawings, the positional relationship is described for illustrative purposes only and is not to be construed as limiting the present patent; it should be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely examples for clearly illustrating the invention, and are not intended to limit the embodiments of the invention. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. And are neither required nor exhaustive of all embodiments. Any modification, equivalent replacement, and improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The blanking device is characterized by comprising a material container (6) containing a material cavity (612), a material shifting plate (206) and a spiral conveying device (80);
the material cavity (612) is divided into a material containing cavity (60) and a material distributing cavity (40) by a partition plate (261), and a material passing gap D is formed between the material containing cavity (60) and the material distributing cavity (40);
the spiral conveying device (80) is arranged in the material distribution cavity (40), and the material shifting plate (206) is rotatably arranged in the material passing gap D and separates the material containing cavity (60) from the material distribution cavity (40);
the material stirring plate (206) rotates to overturn the material in the material containing cavity (60) and fall into the spiral conveying device (80) in the material distributing cavity (40), and then the material is conveyed out by the spiral conveying device (80).
2. The blanking device according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising a power device (21) and a side plate (262) for driving the kick-out plate (206) to rotate;
the baffle plate (261), the material shifting plate (206), the side plate (262) and the power device (21) form a material shifting assembly (20), and the material shifting assembly (20) is detachably mounted in the material cavity (612);
when the material poking assembly (20) is installed in the material cavity (612), the partition plate (261), the side plate (262) and the inner wall of the material cavity (612) enclose a material containing cavity (60).
3. The blanking device according to claim 2, characterized in that the distributing cavity (40) extends outwards to form the outer wall of the material container (6), an opening (401) is arranged at the end part of the distributing cavity (40) of the outward extending part, a discharge hole (402) is arranged at the bottom wall of the distributing cavity (40) of the outward extending part in the downward direction, and the spiral conveying device (80) is detachably mounted in the distributing cavity (40) through the opening (401);
the auger (80) conveys material which falls as it is conveyed to the discharge outlet (402).
4. The blanking device according to the claim 3, characterized in that one end of the screw conveyor (80) is provided with a fixing plate (803), and the other end of the screw conveyor (80) is provided with a matching hole (8011); a rotating shaft (802) matched with the matching hole (8011) is arranged at the other end part of the distribution cavity (40) opposite to the opening (401);
when the spiral conveying device (80) is installed, the spiral conveying device (80) extends into the material distribution cavity (40) through the opening (401) at the end part of the material distribution cavity (40), the rotating shaft (802) is inserted into the matching hole (8011), the fixing plate (803) is abutted against the end part of the opening (401) of the material distribution cavity (40), and the fixing plate (803) is fixed at the end part of the material distribution cavity (40) through the screw (804).
5. The blanking device according to claim 4, characterized in that the power device (21) comprises a rack (202), a cylinder (201) which is mounted on the kick-off assembly (20) and is used for driving the rack (202) to move, a gear (205) which is meshed with the rack (202), and a one-way bearing (207);
the one-way bearing (207) is arranged on the rotating shaft (802), and the gear (205) is arranged on the one-way bearing (207);
the rack (202) drives the gear (205) to rotate in the positive direction, so that the rotating shaft (802) drives the material shifting plate (206) to rotate from the material containing cavity (60) to the material distributing cavity (40) to shift the material in the material containing cavity (60) into the material distributing cavity (40); the rack (202) drives the gear (205) to rotate reversely, and the gear (205) rotates independently.
6. The blanking device according to claim 1, further comprising an adjusting plate (203), wherein the adjusting plate (203) is mounted on a partition plate (261);
the height of the adjusting plate (203) is adjustable so as to adjust the size of the material passing gap D.
7. The blanking device according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising an insulating layer (604) and a heating cavity (601);
the heating cavity (601) is tightly attached to the outer wall of the material container (6), and the heat insulation layer (604) is tightly attached to the outer wall of the heating cavity (601).
8. The blanking device according to the claim 3, characterized in that the distributing chamber (40) is provided with a sieve hole (16) and a conduit (161) connected with the sieve hole (16);
the sieve holes (16) are positioned at the bottom of the material distribution cavity (40) of the overhanging part.
9. The blanking device according to any one of the claims 1 to 8, further comprising a base (90), a spring (30) and a vibrator (70);
the vibrator (70) is arranged on the material container (6), one end of the spring (30) is connected with the base (90), and the other end of the spring is connected with the material container (6);
the bottom of the material containing cavity (60) is provided with an inclined plate (603), and the bottom end of the inclined plate (603) borders the material separating cavity (40).
10. The blanking device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, further comprising a weight metering module (716), wherein the weight metering module (716) comprises a material containing bowl (74), a turnover cylinder (75), a weight detector and a rocker arm;
the rocker arm is arranged on the turnover cylinder (75), the weight detector is arranged on the rocker arm, the material containing bowl (74) is arranged on the weight detector, and the material containing bowl (74) is used for containing materials conveyed out of the spiral conveying device (80);
wherein the material is blocky meat or blocky melons and fruits.
CN201910912158.9A 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 Blanking device Pending CN110589520A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910912158.9A CN110589520A (en) 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 Blanking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910912158.9A CN110589520A (en) 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 Blanking device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110589520A true CN110589520A (en) 2019-12-20

Family

ID=68863290

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910912158.9A Pending CN110589520A (en) 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 Blanking device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110589520A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110980334A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-04-10 广东智源机器人科技有限公司 Blanking mechanism and feeding device
CN110974037A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-10 珠海优特智厨科技有限公司 Seasoning throwing detection method and device, storage medium and computer equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110974037A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-10 珠海优特智厨科技有限公司 Seasoning throwing detection method and device, storage medium and computer equipment
CN110980334A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-04-10 广东智源机器人科技有限公司 Blanking mechanism and feeding device
CN110980334B (en) * 2019-12-27 2021-05-11 广东智源机器人科技有限公司 Blanking mechanism and feeding device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN110589520A (en) Blanking device
US20210107724A1 (en) Methods and Apparatus for Automated Food Preparation
CN104545401A (en) Automatic cooking device
CN109475247B (en) Automatic meal production system and equipment
RU2010149773A (en) MACHINE FOR PREPARING INDIVIDUAL PORTIONS OF PASTA
TWI547253B (en) Automatic cooking equipment
CN210383594U (en) Machine is sold to fried meal by oneself
CN210763267U (en) Blanking device
US5205206A (en) Food production apparatus
CN207519998U (en) A kind of intelligent cooking machine
CN210582218U (en) Barrel-shaped fried rice device and self-service fried rice vending machine
CN210158466U (en) Automatic packing apparatus and machine of selling of frying rice by oneself
CN210095447U (en) Stewing and frying device
WO2019085198A1 (en) Intelligent stir fry machine
CN110136348A (en) Integrated automatic face vending machine for noodles processed and method
CN210236488U (en) Auxiliary material adds mechanism and fries meal by oneself and sells machine
CN211883352U (en) Cooking cluster device for sharing seasoning addition
CN210697200U (en) Spherical fried rice device reaches and fries meal by oneself and sell machine including it
CN210582281U (en) Salt adding mechanism and self-service fried rice vending machine
CN209899064U (en) Three-dimensional intelligent kitchen
JP2009029603A (en) Ingredient supply device
CN209995906U (en) Cooking utensil
CN210019073U (en) Automatic rice washing device
CN1139374A (en) Self contained frying machine
CN110652174B (en) Soup making machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination