Urine test project is the inspection project of hospital's routine, is also important a diagnosis basis, but to urine specimen
The correctness of detection data guarantees, is the urine primitiveness for needing to keep collecting, in inspection and detection process.Urine is as people
A kind of body fluid of body has smell and pollution.Currently, during for urine test being acquired using urine collecting
It urine and then is sent into laboratory, urine is transferred to special detection from urine collecting and held by reviewer
In device, the collecting work of urine specimen is completed, in this process, not only cumbersome, operation element amount is larger, and urine
It does not close, is easy to emit bad smell, influence hospital work environment, and be easy to contact with the environment in air, destroy sample
Primitiveness, so that detection numerical error is larger.
Based on this, there is researcher to make research, such as the inspection of Patent No. 201721296999.4 in view of the foregoing drawbacks
Section's urine sample collection device is tested, setting is threadedly coupled by top cover and staving, offers through-hole, through-hole in staving side lower
Accommodating chamber is arranged in middle clamping rubber column, staving inside, and accommodating chamber bottom corresponds to rubber column position equipped with shell, shell and staving shape
At sap cavity is taken, shell leading flank and trailing flank are equipped with through-hole, and the inner cavity upper surface of top cover is equipped with isolation ring and air bag, injection
When device syringe needle is inserted into rubber column and draws urine to be detected, air bag expansion, so that air pressure constant in accommodating chamber, reduces and draw
Difficulty avoids secondary pollution and improves the primitiveness of urine specimen, to protect so that whole process handles full closeding state
Demonstrate,prove the precision of detection.
Currently, full automatic urine biochemistry batch quantitative analysis clinically has tight demand, but can not be simple and quick
Realization, reason is: urine detection report is easy the influence by interfering substances all kinds of in urine, especially sediment urinalysis pair
Transmittance is affected than turbid, causes urine test that can not carry out full automatic urine biochemistry batch quantitative analysis in laboratory.
Therefore, urine is in checkout procedure, it is also desirable to and it is centrifuged as blood plus the complicated pre-treatments such as buffer works altogether,
It can be used for assay process；And in this preprocessing process, it is necessary first to urine sample are centrifuged off sediment, or even needed
It will be by preservative, purifying, absorption plus buffer be added；And various environment are not suitable for for above-mentioned pre-treating method
It uses, especially battlefield hospital, deadly infectious disease scene, the large-scale public hazardous events of burst, emergency ward, the ward ICU, ambulance
It is used etc. changing in kind, reason is land occupation side, and processing speed is slower.Therefore, and researcher makes research for the defect,
Such as urine sample front processor disclosed in Patent No. 201621210920.7, it is set by collecting pipe and inner sleeve structure
It sets, so that in the process that interior sleeve bottom is arranged filter membrane, and is pressed downward by inner sleeve, enables the urine being placed in collecting pipe
It is enough to be segregated into casing fastly, and the device can be directly used in the sample of automatic biochemical analyzer detection, nor meeting
Testing result is influenced, also can be avoided the problems such as biochemical instruments caused by sediment block up needle.
As it can be seen that in the prior art, after being collected for urine sample, still needing by inspector using injection
After device suction is transferred to and is handled in sample processor, biochemical instruments can be carried out and detected, and urine can not received
Collection links up with pre-treatment, guarantees after the completion of urine sample collection, is directly processed into the available detection sample of biochemical instruments
Product, it is difficult to which the quick collection and processing for realizing urine sample cause processing workload still larger, process is longer, causes to be easy
It is influenced by interfering substance in environment, causes urine examination resultant error still larger.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems existing in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of for clinical laboratory's urine sample
Collection and treatment device.
It is achieved particular by following technical scheme:
For the collection and treatment device of clinical laboratory's urine sample, including collector, urine is taken out for being inserted into collector
Sampler；Wherein, collector includes ontology, the connection position at centre of surface position on the body is arranged, insertion connection position can
The connecting tube of dismantling connection；It is arranged in connecting tube top collection urine funnel；The supercharger and switch on surface on the body are set；Setting exists
The connector of body bottom portion；The urine collecting box of body interior is set, and urine collecting box bottom is provided with effuser, effuser and connector
It is tightly connected, is provided with hand-operated valve at urine collecting box position in effuser；Be arranged in urine collecting box top into urinary catheter, into urinary catheter
It is connected to the seal of tube is connect；The pressurized hole on urine collecting box top, pressurized hole and supercharger are set by pipeline connection urine collecting box
Portion；It is detachably arranged at the motor of urine collecting box bottom, motor output end connects supercharger, and being able to drive supercharger is in urine collecting box
Pressurization, motor connects to power supply by electric wire, and connects upper connection switch in electric wire, switch unlatching for controlling supercharger/
Closed state；The groove being recessed to body interior is provided on the ontology one side, bottom portion of groove is provided with mounting table；Institute
The urine collecting box side stated is provided with sampling front end；Sampling front end, which is arranged on the side and ontology of urine collecting box, is arranged groove side one
It causes；Sampler includes shell, and the insertion hole of cover top portion is arranged in, inserts in the hole and is provided with contact pin, and contact pin can be inserted injecting
Enter hole to be tightly connected later；Shell inside top is provided with sliding filter；The sliding filter includes outside being fixed on
The protrusion ring of shell inside top, protrusion ring is interior to form accommodating chamber, is adjacent to cover top portion and is fixed at the accommodating chamber of protrusion ring
Interior upper circle；It is provided with left slide fastener on upper circle, right slide fastener, left slide fastener and the equal energy of right slide fastener are provided at relatively left slide fastener position
Enough to pass through for sliding bar, sliding bar can slide up and down in left slide fastener and right slide fastener, and sliding bar bottom end is provided with mobile ring, move
Moving-coil in sliding process, can be adjacent to circle on sliding bar；Mobile ring, can be far from upper during sliding bar lower slider
Circle；Cover top portion in the accommodating chamber of protrusion ring is provided with left slide opening and right slide opening；Sliding bar can pass through left slide opening and right cunning
Hole；Sliding bar top is detachably provided with fixed button, wherein the fixed button on the sliding bar top being located in left slide opening is a left side
Sliding button；The fixed button on the sliding bar top in right slide opening is right sliding button；In the sliding being located on the outside of housing top end
Spring is arranged on bar, spring can be fixed button and be fixed on sliding bar；The ontology with setting groove it is adjacent or
Hinged door is provided on opposite side；The contact pin is inserted into the sampling of sampling front end, and after sampling is completed, Neng Goucong
Sampling is pulled up on front end, and sample front end the hole is inserted by contact pin being capable of voluntarily closing seam；The upper circle and mobile ring
Between be provided with filter membrane.
In order to realize the flushing work after acquisition, sampling completion, guarantee spatter property, it is preferable that the outer body wall
On be provided with water tank, the water outlet of water tank is connected to by pipeline with three parted hairs；Three points first be in charge of by pipeline and collection
Connection inside urine funnel, and the water in water tank can be sent in collection urine funnel and be rinsed；It is provided with and send at the top of the urine collecting box
Water pipe, flow pipe is in charge of with other one external of three parted hair to be connected to, and the water in water tank can be sent to collection urine by flow pipe
It is rinsed in case.
For the ease of replacing and overhauling, it is preferable that connecting tube thread seal at connection position connects.
In order to when not in use, prevent sampler from losing, it is preferable that sampler can be accommodated on the mounting table
In order to control collector flushing process water supply, it is preferable that be provided with button, button at the top of the water tank
The water outlet on water tank can be controlled to open and close, realize the discharge or closing to water in water tank.
In order to which groove is closed up when not in use, it is preferable that the groove upper end and/or lower end are provided with cunning
Rail matches in sliding rail and is provided with closing door, and closing door can slide on the slide rail, realizes the Push And Release to groove.
Compared with prior art, technical effect of the invention is embodied in:
By the setting of collector structure, makes it possible to the mode by the urine of patient by patient's piss and be sprinkled into collection urine
It in bucket, and enters in urine collecting box and stores by collection urine funnel, needed in sampling process in laboratory personnel, realize that sampler contact pin is inserted
Enter and sample front end, opens supercharger pressurization sampling, ensure that the urine being collected can be sealed in urine collecting box, in combination with
The setting of sampler structure when so that taking urine sample, realizes the quick filtration treatment to urine, shortens treatment process, guarantees urine
It can be directly used for analyzer and carry out analytical test, improve checkability；And can be sealed in sampler, it prevents from leaking
Environment is polluted, hospital laboratory health has been ensured, has reduced urine sample and contact " rotten " with environment, improve the accurate of urine examination result
It is limited below with reference to specific embodiment technical solution of the present invention is further, but claimed
Range is not only limited to made description.
As shown in Figure 1, in certain embodiments, for the collection and treatment device of clinical laboratory's urine sample, including collector,
For being inserted into collector the sampler for taking out urine；Wherein, collector includes ontology 13, is arranged at 13 upper surface center of ontology
Connection position 16 at position, the connecting tube 15 that insertion connection position 16 is detachably connected；It is arranged in 15 top collection urine funnel 14 of connecting tube；
The supercharger 17 and switch 18 of 13 upper surface of ontology are set；The connector 26 of 13 bottom of ontology is set；It is arranged in ontology 13
Internal urine collecting box 32,32 bottom of urine collecting box are provided with effuser 35, and effuser 35 and connector 26 are tightly connected, in effuser
35 are provided with hand-operated valve 33 at 32 position of urine collecting box；Be arranged in 32 top of urine collecting box into urinary catheter 30, into urinary catheter 30 and even
The sealing connection of adapter tube 15；The pressurized hole 31 on 32 top of urine collecting box is set, and pressurized hole 31 and supercharger 17 pass through pipeline connection collection
It urinates inside case 32；It is detachably arranged at the motor 34 of 32 bottom of urine collecting box, 34 output end of motor connects supercharger 17, is able to drive
Supercharger 17 is pressurization in urine collecting box 32, and motor 34 is connected to power supply by electric wire, and connects upper connection switch 18 in electric wire, is opened
18 are closed for controlling unlatching/closed state of supercharger 17；It is provided on 13 one side of ontology to 13 inner-concave of ontology
Sunken groove, bottom portion of groove are provided with mounting table 23；32 side of urine collecting box is provided with sampling front end 37；Sample front end 37
The side that urine collecting box 32 is arranged in is consistent with groove side is arranged on ontology 13；Sampler includes shell 1, and setting is pushed up in shell 1
The insertion hole 1.2 in portion is inserted into hole 1.2 and is provided with contact pin 2, and contact pin 2 can be tightly connected after injecting insertion hole 1.2；In
1 inside top of shell is provided with sliding filter；The sliding filter includes the protrusion ring for being fixed on 1 inside top of shell
1.1 forming accommodating chamber 1.3 in protrusion ring 1.1, being adjacent to 1 top of shell and being fixed in the accommodating chamber 1.3 of protrusion ring 1.1
Upper circle 5；It is provided with left slide fastener 9 on upper circle 5, is provided with right slide fastener 8, left slide fastener 9 and right slide fastener at relatively left 9 position of slide fastener
8 can pass through for sliding bar 10, and sliding bar 10 can slide up and down in left slide fastener 9 and right slide fastener 8, and 10 bottom end of sliding bar is set
It is equipped with mobile ring 6, mobile ring 6 in sliding process, can be adjacent to circle 5 on sliding bar 10；Mobile ring 6 glides in sliding bar 10
It, can be far from upper circle 5 during dynamic；Left slide opening 4 and right slide opening are provided at the top of shell 1 in the accommodating chamber 1.3 of protrusion ring 1.1
3；Sliding bar 10 can pass through left slide opening 4 and right slide opening 3；10 top of sliding bar is detachably provided with fixed button, wherein being located at
The fixed button on 10 top of sliding bar in left slide opening 4 is left sliding button 12；10 top of sliding bar in right slide opening 3 is consolidated
Determining button is right sliding button 11；Be arranged with spring on the sliding bar 10 for being located at 1 apical lateral of shell, spring can be fixed by
Button is fixed on sliding bar 10；The ontology 13 and setting groove is adjacent or opposite side on be provided with hinged door 25；Institute
The contact pin 2 stated is inserted into sampling front end 37 and samples, and after sampling is completed, can pull up from sampling front end 37, and
Sample front end 37 hole is inserted by contact pin 2 being capable of voluntarily closing seam；Filter membrane is provided between the upper circle and mobile ring.
It can be realized and collect urine under enclosed environment in urine collecting box, and by the sampling front end setting on urine collecting box, knot
Contact pin structure setting on sampler is closed, while contact pin structure is inserted into sampling in sampling front end, effectively prevents urine
Leakage phenomenon reduces pollution, and avoids urine and directly contact with environment, leads to urine " rotten ", ensure that analysis inspection
The accuracy of survey improves the reliability of urine examination data.In the present invention, term "front", "rear", "left", "right", " side ",
The restriction of " side wall " etc. is with direction shown in respective drawings in the invention；And for not being described in detail in the present invention
Content, be the behaviour to be carried out referring to the common knowledge or conventional technical means of existing technical literature and related fields
Make.Such as: it is supercharger of the existing technology (air blower) for the supercharger used in the present invention, it can be into urine collecting box
It blasts gas, increases the air pressure at the top of urine collecting box, and then increase the pressure for being collected into liquid in urine collecting box, so that in contact pin from taking
After the insertion sampling of sample front end, urine is enabled to enter in sampler, reduces sampling difficulty.
In the sampler structure used in the present invention, wherein being to be provided with two circles up and down, and be arranged between circle and circle
Sliding bar and corresponding button and spring structure is arranged in filter membrane, so that after sampler is inserted into sampling front end, it can
It is pushed against to sampling front end, and sampler front end is adjacent to sampling front end, and then the button on sliding bar is supported on shell
It is tight to being adjacent to, and then under sliding bar impetus, so that mobile ring is moved from the accommodating chamber of protrusion ring, so that filtering
Film it is exposed inside the housing in so that from contact pin enter sliding filter interior urine by filtering after enter
In interior of shell chamber, the quick filtration treatment in sampling process is realized, improve the quick processing of urine sampling, and will sampling
The urine of device sampling is directly used in analyzer analysis；Influence of the arena to result of laboratory test is avoided, it is heavy to also avoid urine
Blocking of the slag to needle on analyzer.After sampling is completed, when contact pin being extracted, under spring effect, so that button pops up,
And then mobile ring is pulled to enter in accommodating chamber, it realizes sealing, avoids urine and distribute and pollute environment in air, also avoid urinating
Liquid is exposed " rotten ", ensure that the accuracy of chemical examination.
The filter membrane used in the present invention can filter urine sample, can be what any material was prepared, such as respectively
Filter membrane made of kind chemical industry fiber, cotton fiber, wood-fibred, non-woven fabrics, glass sand filter membrane or various organic matters.More preferred
Be: filter membrane has telescopicing performance, that is, is exactly that flexible filter membrane 7 is arranged between mobile ring and upper circle, in the flexible filtering of setting
When film 7, which can be stretched in the mobile drawing process of mobile ring, and after the stretch, it is capable of forming small
Hole, which can filter urine sample, realize that sampling process is filtered processing urine；And tensile property see, for example
The formation of rubber band, during stretching, rubber band, which is gradually stretched, to attenuate thinning, and pore is arranged on material, with
The process of tension-thining, causes sucker to become larger, and then realizes filtering, and after contractions, sucker is extruded closing, realizes to receiving
The sealing of chamber prevents the urine in sampler from infiltrating, and avoids polluting.Above-mentioned sliding bar is preferably used in the present invention
Sliding type pushes mobile ring mobile, so that filter membrane comes out in exposed chamber inside the shell from accommodating chamber, so that urine is collecting
Urinate case in pressure effect under, enter in sampler, sampling complete, extract contact pin, spring shrink so that filter membrane into
Enter into accommodating chamber, realizes the function of sealing.
The supercharger and motor used in the present invention can be directly used traditional air blower and directly replace to be formed, as long as energy
It is enough to realize the effect of being pressurized to air blast in urine collecting box.Motor model for use is micro machine model (Y80M1-2 etc.),
It can satisfy and supercharger is driven to operationalize, realize air blast function of increasing pressure.
The sampling front end used in the present invention has rubber material to be prepared, and rubber material is after contact pin insertion, energy
One and contact pin hole of the same size are enough formed, that is, is exactly insertion section 38, so that contact pin insertion position is sealed, placing urine collecting case
In urine infiltrate, while after sampling is completed, contact pin is pulled out, and the hole (insertion section 38) that contact pin is inserted out can
Fast quick-recovery original appearance will insert the hole quick blocking come out, and the urine in placing urine collecting case is revealed in environment, cause environment dirty
Dye, improves laboratory environment quality.
During using the device, patient's piss collects and enters in urine collecting box in urine funnel into collection urine funnel, assayer
Member is directly inserted into sampling from the sampling front end on urine collecting box using sampler, and in the effect of sampler filter membrane structure setting
Under, realize the filtration treatment to urine, and after sampler sampling is completed, extract sampler contact pin, insertion section position is quick
Sealing；The filter membrane in sampler is acted on down by spring force simultaneously is rapidly introduced into accommodating chamber, realizes to accommodating chamber
Sealing, and then ensure that the urine sample that will be taken out in sampler is sealed in sampler, by urine sample transportational process in its sampler
It is scattered, also avoids the urine that sampling comes out and contact " rotten " with environment, ensure that the accuracy of urine detection report.Terminate in sampling
Afterwards, urine collecting box is discharged in the remaining urine sample in urine collecting box by the manually-operated gate for opening urine collecting box bottom, in discharge process, is passed through
Evacuated tube 28 empties, and connection end 27 is provided at the top of evacuated tube 28, and connection end 27 can connect with connector 26 by screw thread
It is connected together, in urine collecting box is discharged when remaining urine, is discharged to lavatory by evacuated tube or concentration is discharged to processing position
It is handled, has ensured environmental quality, avoid pollution environment.
But for above structure after sampling use, urine collecting box and collection urine funnel etc. have been contaminated, can not
It is reused, causes to collect the higher cost handled；Therefore, on the basis of the above embodiments, this researcher takes
Further advantageous embodiment, is provided with water tank 20 on 13 lateral wall of ontology, the water outlet of water tank 20 by pipeline with
Three 21 are connected to separately；Three separately 21 1 be in charge of and be connected to inside urine funnel 14 by pipeline with collecting, and can will be in water tank 20
Water is sent in collection urine funnel 14 and rinses；It is provided with flow pipe 29 at the top of the urine collecting box 32, flow pipe 29 and external three points
First 21 other one be in charge of connection, the water in water tank 20 can be sent in urine collecting box 32 and rinse by flow pipe 29.In the reality
It applies in example, carries out water storage by water tank 20, and in urine collecting box, collection urine funnel using completing, and by the remaining urine sample in urine collecting box
After discharge, collection urine funnel, urine collecting box are rinsed using the water in water tank, so that urine collecting box, collection urine funnel obtain repeating benefit
Under certain prospects, aggregate bin is passed through and is prepared frequently with disposable material, or often due to patient
Use process will appear damage phenomenon, it is therefore desirable to which the replacement and maintenance replaced and overhauled to it, but be fixedly connected are not
Convenient, then in further advantageous embodiment, the connecting tube 15 thread seal at connection position 16 is connected.It realizes removable
Connection is unloaded, is operated when easy access is with replacement.
In further advantageous embodiment, the placement of sampler can be accommodated on the mounting table 23.So that not using
When device, sampler can be placed on mounting table, prevent sampler from losing or being damaged by other, such as break.
In mounting table upper surface, arrangement above has top 26, which can seal groove and body interior, high degree
It improves urine collecting box to be in sealed environment, prevents urine permeation effects environmental quality.
In further advantageous embodiment, button 19 is provided at the top of the water tank 20, button 19 can control water storage
Water outlet on case 20 is opened and is closed, and realizes discharge or closing to water in water tank 20.Realize in water tank water discharge with
No control, prevents sampler not to be sampled and water, which is discharged, influences urine quality, and the defect of urine detection report inaccuracy is caused to produce
It is raw.
In further advantageous embodiment, the groove upper end and/or lower end are provided with sliding rail 24, match in sliding rail 24
It is provided with closing door 22, closing door 22 can slide on sliding rail 24, realize the Push And Release to groove.It realizes and incite somebody to action this when not in use
Groove on body 13 closes up, and prevents the element on mounting table or avoids being placed on the sampler loss on mounting table, falls,
Guarantee safety when equipment storage.
Other unaccomplished matters are operated referring to related fields common knowledge and conventional technical means in the present invention, can also
The related content referring to disclosed in existing technical literature is realized, such as filter membrane material is referring in Patent No. 201621210920.7
Disclosure, then such as sampling front end is referring to the rubber column structure setting and rubber in Patent No. 201721296999.4
The function that column can be realized；Such as contact pin structure is referring to needle portion structure in syringe again；The size reference of contact pin pin hole
Syringe needle header structure etc..
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto,
Anyone skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its
Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.