CN110387843A - A kind of emergency lane automatically adjusting the gradient - Google Patents

A kind of emergency lane automatically adjusting the gradient Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110387843A
CN110387843A CN201910698889.8A CN201910698889A CN110387843A CN 110387843 A CN110387843 A CN 110387843A CN 201910698889 A CN201910698889 A CN 201910698889A CN 110387843 A CN110387843 A CN 110387843A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ramp
chain
gradient
benchmark
piston
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910698889.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张立驰
王俊彦
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Zhenjiang College
Original Assignee
Zhenjiang College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhenjiang College filed Critical Zhenjiang College
Priority to CN201910698889.8A priority Critical patent/CN110387843A/en
Publication of CN110387843A publication Critical patent/CN110387843A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/14Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact specially adapted for local protection, e.g. for bridge piers, for traffic islands
    • E01F15/145Means for vehicle stopping using impact energy absorbers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/14Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact specially adapted for local protection, e.g. for bridge piers, for traffic islands
    • E01F15/145Means for vehicle stopping using impact energy absorbers
    • E01F15/148Means for vehicle stopping using impact energy absorbers mobile arrangements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F9/00Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals; Arrangements for enforcing caution
    • E01F9/50Road surface markings; Kerbs or road edgings, specially adapted for alerting road users
    • E01F9/529Road surface markings; Kerbs or road edgings, specially adapted for alerting road users specially adapted for signalling by sound or vibrations, e.g. rumble strips; specially adapted for enforcing reduced speed, e.g. speed bumps

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of emergency lanes for automatically adjusting the gradient, including boot segment, braking section and gradient section;Braking section includes several continuous rollers, and roller both ends are sprocket wheel, and chain is around on several sprocket wheels;Gradient section includes benchmark ramp, lifting ramp, the two sides in lifting ramp are respectively equipped with a draw bar, draw bar both ends are hinged with chain and lifting ramp respectively, benchmark ramp built-in piston chamber, there is piston in plunger shaft, there is piston rod, plunger shaft bottom is provided with Non-return air valve and exhaust passage on piston.A kind of emergency lane of automatic adjustment gradient of the invention can improve the gradient of emergency lane according to speed, improve buffering effect, shorten lane length, can be used for special road section.

Description

A kind of emergency lane automatically adjusting the gradient
Technical field
The present invention relates to emergency lane technical field more particularly to a kind of emergency lanes for automatically adjusting the gradient.
Background technique
Emergency lane refers to that adds on the outside of the runway of long sharp decline section sails for speed runaway (brake failure) vehicle From the dedicated Lanes that main track slows down safely, emergency lane mainly has upward slope channel type, horizontal ramp type, descending channel type and sand heap-type four Kind.But due to being limited by orographic condition, the construction curtailment of most of emergency lanes, in practical applications, caused compared with More vehicles goes out the pendant precipice accident of emergency lane, causes huge casualties and property loss;On the other hand, landform item The limitation of part also greatly increases the construction cost and construction difficulty of emergency lane, causes around many dangerous road conditions due to sky Between not enough without be arranged emergency lane.Therefore, studying reliable, easy to implement, inexpensive emergency lane technology is to keep away The inexorable trend of dangerous lane development.
Such as application No. is a kind of 201720391403.2 novel emergency lanes, belong to highway traffic safety facility technology neck Domain, including primary speed-down buffer area and second level roll shaft deceleration area;The right side of primary speed-down buffer area is equipped with second level roll shaft deceleration area; It is equipped with sensing device in primary speed-down buffer area, is built-in with roll shaft deceleration device and control device, In in second level roll shaft deceleration area Buried induction coil, sensing device and buried induction coil signal output end and control are installed below second level roll shaft deceleration area Device signal input part connection processed, control device signal output end are electrically connected with variable-frequency motor signal input part;Lane Jiang Po Road and roll shaft deceleration are combined together, but retardation efficiency is fixed and invariable, and excessive roll shaft is also easy that vehicle is made to break away, Initiation accident encounters the excessively high vehicle of speed, is just difficult to provide effective brake.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to solve emergency lane length existing in the prior art not to be able to satisfy actual demand, special Different section cannot be built and the problem low to errant vehicle braking efficiency, and a kind of hedging of the automatic adjustment gradient proposed Lane.
To achieve the goals above, present invention employs following technical solutions:
A kind of emergency lane automatically adjusting the gradient, including boot segment, braking section and gradient section;If the braking section includes involvement The both ends of continuous roller, roller are sprocket wheel, and several roller both ends are respectively arranged with a chain, and chain is around on several sprocket wheels; The gradient section includes benchmark ramp, and the downside in benchmark ramp is arranged towards braking section, has lifting ramp, institute on benchmark ramp The one end for stating lifting ramp is articulated with the downside in benchmark ramp, and the two sides for going up and down ramp are respectively equipped with the traction of a connection chain Bar, draw bar both ends are hinged with chain and lifting ramp respectively, have extension between the benchmark ramp and braking section;It is described Benchmark ramp built-in piston chamber, the accent of plunger shaft are located at the plane in benchmark ramp, have piston in plunger shaft, have on piston Piston rod, the end that piston rod is located at outside plunger shaft are hinged with bearing plate, and the bearing plate is fixed to be attached at lifting ramp bottom, The plunger shaft bottom is provided with Non-return air valve and exhaust passage, and gas enters plunger shaft from Non-return air valve from the external world, and exhaust is logical Road is artificial opening and closing.
As a further preferred solution, changeover portion is provided between two draw bars, the changeover portion direction is slowed down The side of section is chain row, and the end of chain row is fixed on the chain of two sides.
As a further preferred solution, be wound with crawler belt outside several rollers, the creeper tread on crawler belt respectively with The roller of corresponding position is fixedly connected, and track surface has anti-skid chequer.
As a further preferred solution, changeover portion is provided between two draw bars, the changeover portion direction is slowed down The side of section is chain row, and the end of chain row is fixed on crawler belt.
As a further preferred solution, the other end in the lifting ramp, which is equipped with, collides air bag.
In the present invention, tire can drive roller 21, pull draw bar 33, and lifting ramp 32 is driven to rise, and speed is bigger, rises It is bigger that descending grade road 32 rises angle.
Structure is simple in the present invention, and compared to more traditional emergency lane, the space for needing to utilize is smaller, is suitable for more Landform guarantees that more dangerous ways can also have emergency lane;Also, the slope in lifting ramp can be changed according to the size of speed Road angle can also have extraordinary braking effect to vehicle out of control under fast state, also be avoided that vehicle goes out hedging vehicle Road.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is top view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is one top view of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is two top view of the embodiment of the present invention;
In figure: 1, boot segment, 2, braking section, 21, roller, 22, sprocket wheel, 23, chain, 24, crawler belt, 3, gradient section, 31, benchmark slope Road, 32, lifting ramp, 33, draw bar, 34, plunger shaft, 35, piston, 36, piston rod, 37, bearing plate, 38, Non-return air valve, 39, exhaust passage, 4, extension, 5, changeover portion, 51, chain row, 6, collision air bag.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.
A kind of emergency lane automatically adjusting the gradient, including boot segment 1, braking section 2 and gradient section 3;The braking section 2 wraps Several continuous rollers 21 are included, the both ends of roller 21 are sprocket wheel 22, and several 21 both ends of roller are respectively arranged with a chain 23, chain Item 23 is around on several sprocket wheels 22;The gradient section 3 includes benchmark ramp 31, and the downside in benchmark ramp 31 is set towards braking section 2 It sets, there is lifting ramp 32 on benchmark ramp 31, the one end in the lifting ramp 32 is articulated with the downside in benchmark ramp 31, lifting The two sides in ramp 32 are respectively equipped with the draw bar 33 of a connection chain 23,33 both ends of draw bar respectively with chain 23 and lifting slope Road 32 is hinged, has extension 4 between the benchmark ramp 31 and braking section 2;The 31 built-in piston chamber 34 of benchmark ramp, it is living The accent of plug chamber 34 is located at the plane in benchmark ramp 31, has piston 35 in plunger shaft 34, has piston rod 36 on piston 35, living The end that stopper rod 36 is located at outside plunger shaft 34 is hinged with bearing plate 37, and the bearing plate 37 is fixed to be attached at lifting 32 bottom of ramp Portion, 34 bottom of plunger shaft are provided with Non-return air valve 38 and exhaust passage 39, and gas enters from Non-return air valve 38 from the external world lives Chamber 34 is filled in, exhaust passage 39 is artificial opening and closing.
When entering emergency lane to lose control of one's vehicle, by boot segment 1, into braking section 2, tire is contacted with roller 21, and more Rolling force of the roller 21 by wheel, backscrolling drive chain 23 by sprocket wheel 22, and chain 23 drives draw bar 33, pulls It goes up and down 32 relative datum ramp 31 of ramp to rise, changes ramp angles, after going up and down the promotion of ramp 32, pull on bearing plate 37 It rises, so that 34 inner piston 35 of plunger shaft be made to rise, ambient atmos enter from Non-return air valve 38, and lifting ramp 32, which is realized, to be fixed, when When vehicle reaches gradient section 3, heavy grade gives bigger brake force, and speed is bigger, and chain 23 drives the speed of draw bar 33 Faster, then it is bigger to go up and down 32 promotion amplitude of ramp, better to the braking effect of vehicle, and after use, it is logical that exhaust is opened manually Road 39, since gravity declines, lifting ramp 32 resets piston 35.
Under original state, when lifting ramp 32 attaches benchmark ramp 31, draw bar 33 is in the end of chain 23.
Due to the rotation yet restriction by lifting ramp 32 of roller 21, it not can be carried out unresisted rotation, guarantee vehicle Certain road holding is kept, avoided to lose control of one's vehicle.
Pipeline, which is equipped with, on Non-return air valve 38 and exhaust passage 39 passes to the external world.
Embodiment one
Changeover portion 5 is provided between two draw bars 33, the changeover portion 5 is chain row 51 towards the side of braking section 2, and chain arranges 51 End be fixed on the chain 23 of two sides, vehicle can exercise on changeover portion 5, avoid between braking section 2 and gradient section 3 Wide-angle reduces vehicular impact power, improves safety, minimizes to the loss of car body.
Embodiment two
Crawler belt 24 is wound with outside several rollers 21, the creeper tread on crawler belt 24 is fixedly connected with the roller of corresponding position 21 respectively, 24 surface of crawler belt has anti-skid chequer, the setting of crawler belt 24, and the contact surface that can increase vehicle tyre and braking section 2 connects, and improves steady It is qualitative, avoid speed too fast, single roller 21 is by larger pulling force, and the problem of damaging, crawler belt 24 can be by the rolling of tire Power is shared out equally on each roller 21.
Further, changeover portion 5 is provided between two draw bars 33, the side of changeover portion 5 towards the braking section 2 is The end of chain row 51, chain row 51 are fixed on crawler belt 24.
When vehicle can finish entirely in lifting 32 uplink of ramp, impact force at this time is also very small, lifting ramp 32 The other end, which is equipped with, collides air bag 6, and lifting ramp 32 can be gone out to avoid vehicle by colliding air bag 6.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, Anyone skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of emergency lane for automatically adjusting the gradient, it is characterised in that: including boot segment (1), braking section (2) and gradient section (3);The braking section (2) includes several continuous rollers (21), and the both ends of roller (21) are sprocket wheel (22), several rollers (21) Both ends are respectively arranged with a chain (23), and chain (23) is around on several sprocket wheels (22);The gradient section (3) includes benchmark slope The downside in road (31), benchmark ramp (31) is arranged towards braking section (2), has lifting ramp (32), institute on benchmark ramp (31) The one end for stating lifting ramp (32) is articulated with the downside of benchmark ramp (31), and the two sides of lifting ramp (32) are respectively equipped with a company The draw bar (33) of chain (23), draw bar (33) both ends respectively with chain (23) and lifting ramp (32) hingedly, the base There are extension (4) between quasi- ramp (31) and braking section (2);Benchmark ramp (31) the built-in piston chamber (34), plunger shaft (34) accent is located at the plane in benchmark ramp (31), has piston (35) in plunger shaft (34), has piston on piston (35) Bar (36), piston rod (36) are located at the end of plunger shaft (34) outside and are hinged with bearing plate (37), the fixed patch of the bearing plate (37) Lifting ramp (32) bottom is invested, plunger shaft (34) bottom is provided with Non-return air valve (38) and exhaust passage (39), gas Enter plunger shaft (34) from Non-return air valve (38) from the external world, exhaust passage (39) is artificial opening and closing.
2. a kind of emergency lane for automatically adjusting the gradient according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: two draw bars (33) Between be provided with changeover portion (5), the changeover portion (5) towards the side of braking section (2) be chain arrange (51), chain arrange (51) end It is fixed on the chain (23) of two sides.
3. a kind of emergency lane for automatically adjusting the gradient according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: several rollers (21) external to be wound with crawler belt (24), the creeper tread on crawler belt (24) is fixedly connected with the roller of corresponding position (21) respectively, crawler belt (24) surface has anti-skid chequer.
4. a kind of emergency lane for automatically adjusting the gradient according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: two draw bars (33) Between be provided with changeover portion (5), the changeover portion (5) towards the side of braking section (2) be chain arrange (51), chain arrange (51) end It is fixed on crawler belt (24).
5. a kind of emergency lane for automatically adjusting the gradient according to claim 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: the lifting slope The other end in road (32), which is equipped with, collides air bag (6).
CN201910698889.8A 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 A kind of emergency lane automatically adjusting the gradient Pending CN110387843A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910698889.8A CN110387843A (en) 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 A kind of emergency lane automatically adjusting the gradient

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910698889.8A CN110387843A (en) 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 A kind of emergency lane automatically adjusting the gradient

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110387843A true CN110387843A (en) 2019-10-29

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910698889.8A Pending CN110387843A (en) 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 A kind of emergency lane automatically adjusting the gradient

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111501602A (en) * 2020-05-14 2020-08-07 武义圣理汽车用品有限公司 Shock absorption energy storage deceleration strip device with adjustable gradient
CN114293419A (en) * 2022-01-11 2022-04-08 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Emergency danger-avoiding lane system for long downhill road section and vehicle danger-avoiding method
CN114481732A (en) * 2022-02-28 2022-05-13 贵州省交通规划勘察设计研究院股份有限公司 Highway emergency lane capable of improving safety of driver

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111501602A (en) * 2020-05-14 2020-08-07 武义圣理汽车用品有限公司 Shock absorption energy storage deceleration strip device with adjustable gradient
CN111501602B (en) * 2020-05-14 2020-11-13 武义圣理汽车用品有限公司 Shock absorption energy storage deceleration strip device with adjustable gradient
CN114293419A (en) * 2022-01-11 2022-04-08 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Emergency danger-avoiding lane system for long downhill road section and vehicle danger-avoiding method
CN114293419B (en) * 2022-01-11 2023-02-28 中国电建集团贵阳勘测设计研究院有限公司 Emergency danger-avoiding lane system for long downhill road section and vehicle danger-avoiding method
CN114481732A (en) * 2022-02-28 2022-05-13 贵州省交通规划勘察设计研究院股份有限公司 Highway emergency lane capable of improving safety of driver

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