CN110367092A - A kind of farm irrigation system - Google Patents

A kind of farm irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110367092A
CN110367092A CN201910777169.0A CN201910777169A CN110367092A CN 110367092 A CN110367092 A CN 110367092A CN 201910777169 A CN201910777169 A CN 201910777169A CN 110367092 A CN110367092 A CN 110367092A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
farmland
main controller
spray tube
irrigation system
humidity sensor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910777169.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李月梅
塔林葛娃
李凤桐
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qinghai Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences
Original Assignee
Qinghai Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qinghai Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences filed Critical Qinghai Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences
Priority to CN201910777169.0A priority Critical patent/CN110367092A/en
Publication of CN110367092A publication Critical patent/CN110367092A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of farm irrigation systems, including solar electrical energy generation module, battery, main controller, water pump, soakaway trench, spray tube and humidity sensor;The solar electrical energy generation module is electrically connected with the battery, the battery stores the electric energy that the solar electrical energy generation module generates, the battery provides electric power with the main controller for whole system, the main controller is electrically connected with the water pump and the humidity sensor respectively, the humidity sensor is set to the subsurface in farmland, the soakaway trench is embedded in the subsurface in farmland, the spray tube is stood on the ground in farmland, the water pump is connect by pipeline with water source, and the water pump also passes through pipeline and connect with the soakaway trench and the spray tube;Farm irrigation system provided by the invention, the automatic and accurate that can be realized farmland are irrigated, and irrigation efficiency is high, and can efficiently use the solar energy source at the farmland of arid area.

Description

A kind of farm irrigation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to field irrigation technical fields, more particularly to a kind of farm irrigation system.
Background technique
China is large agricultural country, and China's cultivated area is vast, accounts for the 7% of world's cultivated area, but Tendency of Agricultural Machinery in China Change degree is low, and the not yet universal mechanized cultivation in many areas and cultivation, agricultural modernization are to be improved.
Traditional irrigation system be irrigated by water channel, but water channel irrigate it is bigger to the waste of water, and Irrigation effect is bad;With the development of technology, people start to promote trickle irrigation irrigation, and this irrigation method can save water source, and And irrigation effect is good, and it is wider to popularize face.
With the development of technology, occurs micro spray irrigation at present, micro- spray is also known as droplet sprinkling irrigation.In recent years, existed both at home and abroad A kind of advanced irrigation technique for summarizing sprinkling irrigation and on the basis of trickle irrigation, developing and grow up recently.Micro-spray technology is more than sprinkling irrigation For water-saving, since droplet is tiny, adaptability is bigger than spraying, and crops are all suitable for from seedling stage to growth harvest time overall process. It utilizes low-pressure pump and pipe-line system water delivery, under the action of low pressure water, by specially designed Miniature atomized spray head, water Be ejected into aerial, and dissipate into fine mist, be sprinkled upon on crop branches and leaves or under tree crown ground a kind of irrigation method, it is referred to as micro- Spray.Micro- spray can not only increase soil moisture, but also air humidity can be improved, and play the role of adjusting miniclimate.
But above two irrigation method is manually to be detected and opened irrigation rig, the range of irrigation is very wide, Area is very big, can also make some crops for not needing to irrigate carry out repeating irrigation in this way, the utilization rate at water source is relatively low.Cause This is badly in need of one kind at present can carry out crops water shortage detection automatically, and the device and method of Precision Irrigation may be implemented.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of farm irrigation systems, can to solve the above-mentioned problems of the prior art Realize that the automatic and accurate in farmland is irrigated, irrigation efficiency is high, and can efficiently use the solar energy source at the farmland of arid area.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following schemes:
The present invention provides a kind of farm irrigation system, including solar electrical energy generation module, battery, main controller, water pump, infiltration Pipe, spray tube and humidity sensor;The solar electrical energy generation module is electrically connected with the battery, described in the battery storage The electric energy that solar electrical energy generation module generates, the battery and the main controller provide electric power, the main controller for whole system It is electrically connected respectively with the water pump and the humidity sensor, the humidity sensor is set to the subsurface in farmland, the infiltration Water pipe is embedded in the subsurface in farmland, and the spray tube is stood on the ground in farmland, and the water pump is connect by pipeline with water source, institute It states water pump and also passes through pipeline and connect with the soakaway trench and the spray tube.
Preferably, the humidity sensor is arranged in crop root part and apart from earth's surface 10cm, the two neighboring humidity 1m is spaced between sensor.
Preferably, several water seepage holes are provided on the soakaway trench.
Preferably, the temperature sensor being electrically connected with the main controller is additionally provided in the earth's surface in the farmland.
Preferably, it is provided with spray head at the top of the spray tube, is additionally provided with control on the tube body of the spray tube and opens The solenoid valve of pass, the solenoid valve are electrically connected with the main controller.
Preferably, the soakaway trench and the spray tube are arranged successively and are alternately arranged in the farmland.
Preferably, the main controller is DSP or single-chip microcontroller.
Preferably, the water source is river or well water.
The present invention achieves following advantageous effects compared with the existing technology:
1, farm irrigation system provided by the invention solves asking for farmland power supply difficulty using solar energy generation technology Topic, and electric power is saved, efficiently use the solar energy source at the farmland of arid area.
2, humidity sensor and temperature sensor is arranged, in conjunction with master in farm irrigation system provided by the invention in farmland Device is controlled, realizes the automatic irrigation in farmland, and can accurately judge the soil moisture and temperature in farmland.
3, soakaway trench and spray tube is arranged simultaneously in farmland in farm irrigation system provided by the invention, soakaway trench as Under earth's surface, keeps the permeability of water more preferable, increase irrigation efficiency;Meanwhile the setting of spray tube can change agriculture in hot weather Local temperature and air humidity in field, improve the growing environment of crops.
Detailed description of the invention
It in order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, below will be to institute in embodiment Attached drawing to be used is needed to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some implementations of the invention Example, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can also obtain according to these attached drawings Obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of farm irrigation system in the present invention;
In figure: 1- solar electrical energy generation module, 2- battery, 3- main controller, 4- water pump, 5- soakaway trench, 6- spray tube, 7- water Source, the farmland 8-.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of farm irrigation systems, of the existing technology to solve the problems, such as.
In order to make the foregoing objectives, features and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, with reference to the accompanying drawing and specific real Applying mode, the present invention is described in further detail.
The present invention provides a kind of farm irrigation systems, as shown in Figure 1, including solar electrical energy generation module 1, battery 2, master Control device 3, water pump 4, soakaway trench 5, spray tube 6 and humidity sensor;Solar electrical energy generation module 1 is electrically connected with battery 2, battery The electric energy that 2 storage solar electrical energy generation modules 1 generate, battery 2 and main controller 3 provide electric power for whole system;Main controller 3 is distinguished It is electrically connected with water pump 4 and humidity sensor;Humidity sensor is set to the subsurface in farmland 8, and be arranged in crop root part and Apart from earth's surface 10cm, 1m is spaced between two neighboring humidity sensor, the humidity value that humidity sensor measures soil passes to master Control device 3;Soakaway trench 5 is embedded in the subsurface in farmland 8, and several water seepage holes are provided on soakaway trench 5, and spray tube 6 stands on the ground in farmland 8 On face, soakaway trench 5 and spray tube 6 are arranged successively and are alternately arranged in farmland 8;Water pump 4 is connect by pipeline with water source 7, water Pump 4 is also connect by pipeline with soakaway trench 5 and spray tube 6, and the irrigation water that water pump 4 is extracted from water source 7 passes through Pipeline transport to infiltration At water pipe 5 and spray tube 6.
Specifically, in the present invention, main controller 3 is DSP or single-chip microcontroller;Water source 7 is river or well water, the selection at water source 7 Rationally judged according to the geographical location in farmland 8.
In the present invention, the temperature sensor being electrically connected with main controller 3 is additionally provided in the earth's surface in farmland 8, for determining ground Temperature on table, temperature sensor is by temperature acquisition to main controller 3.Spray head, the tube body of spray tube 6 are provided at the top of shower pipe On be additionally provided with the solenoid valve of control switch, solenoid valve is electrically connected with main controller 3, and main controller 3 is according to humidity sensor and temperature The opening and closing of the data control solenoid valve of sensor acquisition, and then control the working condition of spray tube 6.
The specific work process of farm irrigation system provided by the invention is as follows:
Humidity sensor and temperature sensor acquisition data in farmland 8 pass to main controller 3, the soil in farmland 8 Humidity is too low and 8 earth's surface of farmland more than proper temperature when, main controller 3 controls water pump 4 and draws water, by soakaway trench 5 to farmland 8 into Row is irrigated, and solenoid valve is in off state at this time, and spray tube 6 does not work;When soil moisture is too low and 8 earth's surface of farmland more than temperature When excessively high, main controller 3 controls solenoid valve and opens, 6 water flowing of spray tube, and soakaway trench 5 and the operation simultaneously of spray tube 6, soakaway trench 5 carry out While infiltration is irrigated, spray tube 6 carries out spray irrigation, and adjusting air humidity to crops, local to carrying out in farmland 8 Cooling;When the soil moisture in farmland 8 and surface temperature reach rated value, main controller 3, which controls water pump 4 and closes, to terminate to irrigate.
Invention applies a specific example illustrates the principle and implementation of the invention, above embodiments are said It is bright to be merely used to help understand method and its core concept of the invention;At the same time, for those skilled in the art, foundation Thought of the invention, there will be changes in the specific implementation manner and application range.To sum up, the content of the present specification should not manage Solution is limitation of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of farm irrigation system, it is characterised in that: including solar electrical energy generation module, battery, main controller, water pump, infiltration Pipe, spray tube and humidity sensor;The solar electrical energy generation module is electrically connected with the battery, described in the battery storage The electric energy that solar electrical energy generation module generates, the battery and the main controller provide electric power, the main controller for whole system It is electrically connected respectively with the water pump and the humidity sensor, the humidity sensor is set to the subsurface in farmland, the infiltration Water pipe is embedded in the subsurface in farmland, and the spray tube is stood on the ground in farmland, and the water pump is connect by pipeline with water source, institute It states water pump and also passes through pipeline and connect with the soakaway trench and the spray tube.
2. farm irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the humidity sensor is arranged in Crop Root Portion and 1m is spaced between earth's surface 10cm, the two neighboring humidity sensor.
3. farm irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be provided with several infiltrations on the soakaway trench Hole.
4. farm irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be additionally provided in the earth's surface in the farmland and institute State the temperature sensor of main controller electrical connection.
5. farm irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be provided with spray at the top of the spray tube Head, the solenoid valve of control switch is additionally provided on the tube body of the spray tube, and the solenoid valve is electrically connected with the main controller.
6. farm irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the soakaway trench and the spray tube are described It is arranged successively and is alternately arranged in farmland.
7. farm irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the main controller is DSP or single-chip microcontroller.
8. farm irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the water source is river or well water.
CN201910777169.0A 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of farm irrigation system Pending CN110367092A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910777169.0A CN110367092A (en) 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of farm irrigation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910777169.0A CN110367092A (en) 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of farm irrigation system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110367092A true CN110367092A (en) 2019-10-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910777169.0A Pending CN110367092A (en) 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of farm irrigation system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110367092A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111194686A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-26 福建省恒鼎建筑工程有限公司 Water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111194686A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-26 福建省恒鼎建筑工程有限公司 Water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process

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