CN111194686A - Water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process - Google Patents

Water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111194686A
CN111194686A CN202010030622.4A CN202010030622A CN111194686A CN 111194686 A CN111194686 A CN 111194686A CN 202010030622 A CN202010030622 A CN 202010030622A CN 111194686 A CN111194686 A CN 111194686A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
energy
module
layer
saving irrigation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010030622.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄晓雯
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Hengding Construction Engineering Co ltd
Original Assignee
Fujian Hengding Construction Engineering Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Hengding Construction Engineering Co ltd filed Critical Fujian Hengding Construction Engineering Co ltd
Priority to CN202010030622.4A priority Critical patent/CN111194686A/en
Publication of CN111194686A publication Critical patent/CN111194686A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G29/00Root feeders; Injecting fertilisers into the roots
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/007Metering or regulating systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/042Adding fertiliser to watering systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials
    • G01N33/246Earth materials for water content
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors
    • G05B19/0423Input/output
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials
    • G01N2033/245Earth materials for agricultural purposes

Abstract

A water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process comprises the following specific steps: s1, burying a water conveying pipe in a ridge for agricultural planting; the periphery of the water pipe is uniformly provided with a plurality of water outlets along the length direction of the ridge, and the periphery of the water pipe is provided with a filtering device for preventing the plurality of water outlets from being blocked; the anti-leakage layer is arranged on the peripheral end surface of the ridge, and the ridge comprises an anti-leakage layer, a water storage medium layer and a soil layer, wherein the anti-leakage layer, the water storage medium layer and the soil layer are sequentially arranged from bottom to top; s2, detecting soil humidity through a humidity sensor preset in a soil layer to obtain a humidity signal A; s3, the irrigation processing system obtains the humidity signal A and controls the high-pressure pump to operate; the high-pressure pump conveys liquid in the liquid storage tank to a water conveying pipe for irrigating vegetables planted on the soil layer. The invention can effectively save irrigation water in agricultural planting, greatly improve the utilization rate of water resources and reduce the loss of irrigation water.

Description

Water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural planting, in particular to a water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process.
Background
The crop farming industry is one of the major components of agriculture. A social production department which utilizes the living functions of plants and obtains grains, non-staple food, feed and industrial raw materials through artificial cultivation; the planting industry comprises the cultivation of various crops, woods, fruit trees, medicinal plants, ornamental plants and the like; in the process of planting vegetables in agriculture, watering and irrigating the vegetables, wherein the vegetables are sprayed by a water delivery pipe in the traditional irrigation mode to provide sufficient water for the vegetables, but the vegetables in the agriculture are irrigated by adopting the water spraying mode, so that a large amount of water is evaporated or volatilized at high temperature, the utilization rate of the water is greatly reduced, and the water resource is precious and wastes a large amount of water resource for a long time; therefore, the application provides a water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process.
Disclosure of Invention
Objects of the invention
In order to solve the technical problems in the background art, the invention provides a water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process, which can effectively save irrigation water in agricultural planting, greatly improve the utilization rate of water resources, reduce the loss of the irrigation water and be more intelligent.
(II) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process, which comprises the following specific steps:
s1, burying a water conveying pipe in a ridge for agricultural planting; the periphery of the water pipe is uniformly provided with a plurality of water outlets along the length direction of the ridge, and the periphery of the water pipe is provided with a filtering device for preventing the plurality of water outlets from being blocked; the anti-leakage layer is arranged on the peripheral end surface of the ridge, and the ridge comprises an anti-leakage layer, a water storage medium layer and a soil layer, wherein the anti-leakage layer, the water storage medium layer and the soil layer are sequentially arranged from bottom to top;
s2, detecting soil humidity through a humidity sensor preset in a soil layer to obtain a humidity signal A;
s3, the irrigation processing system obtains the humidity signal A and controls the high-pressure pump to operate; the high-pressure pump conveys liquid in the liquid storage tank to a water conveying pipe for irrigating vegetables planted on the soil layer.
Preferably, the leakage-proof layer is made of a plastic film.
Preferably, the water storage medium layer comprises vermiculite and sand.
Preferably, the mass ratio of the vermiculite to the sand is 8-11: 1-3, and the vermiculite and the sand are sieved by a 40-60-mesh sieve.
Preferably, the irrigation processing system comprises a data receiving module, a converter, a data processing module, a central server and a communication module for communication connection with the mobile terminal;
the data receiving module is in communication connection with the humidity sensor and the converter; the converter is in communication connection with the data processing module; the data processing module is in communication connection with the central server; the central server is connected with the high-pressure pump in a control mode and is in communication connection with the communication module.
Preferably, the system comprises a nutrient element detection module for detecting a large amount of nutrient elements required by crops for growth in a soil layer;
the nutrient element detection module is in communication connection with the data receiving module; the nutrient element detection module comprises a nitrogen content detector, a phosphorus content detector and a potassium content detector.
Preferably, the mobile terminal comprises a mobile phone end and a computer end.
Preferably, the device comprises a natural energy power generation device and a power supply module; the power supply module is respectively and electrically connected with the data receiving module, the converter, the data processing module, the central server, the communication module, the humidity sensor and the high-pressure pump, and the current input end of the power supply module is connected with the current output end of the natural energy power generation device; the natural energy power generation device comprises one or more of a solar power generation assembly and a wind power generation assembly.
Preferably, the filter device adopts filter cloth and a clamp;
the filter cloth is coated outside the water pipe; the clamp sleeve is arranged on the outer side of the water delivery pipe and used for pressing the filter cloth on the water delivery pipe.
Preferably, the liquid in the reservoir is water or water containing dissolved fertilizer.
The technical scheme of the invention has the following beneficial technical effects:
according to the invention, the water delivery pipe is preset in the ridge for planting vegetables, when the humidity sensor monitors that the water content of the soil layer in which the vegetables are planted is insufficient, the vegetables need to be irrigated, the liquid stored in the liquid storage tank is delivered into the water delivery pipe through the high-pressure pump, the liquid flows out from the water outlet hole on the water delivery pipe, the flowing liquid is firstly contacted with the water storage medium layer and slowly permeates to the soil layer to be contacted with the roots of the vegetables, the vegetable planting is irrigated by adopting the mode, the utilization rate of water resources is greatly improved, the evaporation or volatilization amount of the liquid in the vegetable irrigation process is greatly reduced, and the energy conservation and environmental protection are better; the vegetable planting irrigation is more intelligent through the humidity sensor and the irrigation treatment system;
the content of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the soil layer is detected through the arranged nutrient element detection module, and when the content is insufficient, corresponding fertilizer is provided for the vegetables in time; the solar energy or wind energy power generation supplies power for the electrical appliance elements, thereby being more energy-saving and environment-friendly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a process flow diagram of a water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process provided by the invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of ridge and water pipe installation in the water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process provided by the invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic block diagram of a water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process provided by the invention.
Reference numerals: 1. a water delivery pipe; 3. a ground surface; 4. a humidity sensor; 6. a high pressure pump; 7. a mobile terminal; 8. a nutrient element detection module; 9. a power supply module; 10. a natural energy power generation device; 11. a filtration device; 21. an impermeable layer; 22. a water storage medium layer; 23. a soil layer; 24. a leakage-proof layer; 51. a data receiving module; 52. a converter; 53. a data processing module; 54. a central server; 55. and a communication module.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with the following detailed description. It should be understood that the description is intended to be exemplary only, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Moreover, in the following description, descriptions of well-known structures and techniques are omitted so as to not unnecessarily obscure the concepts of the present invention.
As shown in figures 1-3, the water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process provided by the invention comprises the following specific steps:
s1, burying the water delivery pipe 1 in a ridge for agricultural planting; the ridges are used for planting vegetables or medicinal materials in agriculture;
wherein, a plurality of water outlets are uniformly arranged on the peripheral surface of the water pipe 1 along the length direction of the ridge, and a filtering device 11 for preventing the plurality of water outlets from being blocked is arranged on the peripheral surface of the water pipe;
the ridge is preset on the ground 3, the cross section of the ridge is trapezoidal, the peripheral end faces of the ridge are provided with anti-leakage layers 24, and the ridge comprises an anti-leakage layer 21, a water storage medium layer 22 and a soil layer 23, wherein the anti-leakage layer 21, the water storage medium layer 22 is used for installing a water delivery pipe, and the soil layer 23 is coated on the outer side of the water storage medium layer 22;
s2, detecting soil humidity through a humidity sensor 4 preset in the soil layer 23 to obtain a humidity signal A;
s3, the irrigation processing system obtains the humidity signal A and controls the high-pressure pump 6 to operate; the high-pressure pump 6 delivers the liquid in the liquid storage tank to the water delivery pipe 1 for irrigating the vegetables planted on the soil layer 23.
According to the invention, the water conveying pipe is preset in the ridge for planting vegetables, when the humidity sensor 4 monitors that the soil layer 23 where the vegetables are located contains insufficient water, when the vegetables need to be irrigated, the liquid stored in the liquid storage tank is conveyed into the water conveying pipe 1 through the high-pressure pump 6, the liquid flows out from the water outlet hole in the water conveying pipe 1, the flowing liquid is firstly contacted with the water storage medium layer 22 and slowly permeates to the soil layer 23 to be contacted with the roots of the vegetables, the vegetable planting is irrigated by adopting the mode, the utilization rate of water resources is greatly improved, the evaporation or volatilization amount of the liquid in the vegetable irrigation process is greatly reduced, and the energy conservation and environmental protection are better; the vegetable planting irrigation is more intelligent through the humidity sensor 4 and the irrigation processing system.
In an alternative embodiment, the anti-leakage layer 24 is made of plastic film; the plastic film is coated around the soil layer 23, so that the rapid loss of water in the soil layer 23 due to the terrain difference is avoided.
In an alternative embodiment, the water storage media layer 22 comprises vermiculite and sand; the vermiculite has good water absorption performance, can store a large amount of water, thereby improving the water storage capacity and prolonging the period of vegetable irrigation.
In an optional embodiment, the mass ratio of the vermiculite to the sand is 8-11: 1-3, and the vermiculite and the sand are sieved by a 40-60-mesh sieve.
In an alternative embodiment, the irrigation treatment system comprises a data receiving module 51, a converter 52, a data processing module 53, a central server 54 and a communication module 55 for communicative connection with the mobile terminal 7;
the data receiving module 51 is in communication connection with the humidity sensor 4, and the data receiving module 51 is in communication connection with the converter 52; the converter 52 is communicatively connected to the data processing module 53; the data processing module 53 is in communication connection with the central server 54; the central server 54 is connected with the high-pressure pump 6 in a control mode, and the central server 54 is connected with the communication module 55 in a communication mode.
In an alternative embodiment, a nutrient detection module 8 for detecting macronutrients required for crop growth in soil layer 23 is included;
the nutrient element detection module 8 is in communication connection with the data receiving module 51; wherein, nutrient element detection module 8 includes nitrogen content detector, phosphorus content detector and potassium content detector, examines the content of nitrogen phosphorus potassium in soil horizon 23 through the nutrient element detection module 8 that sets up, when its content is not enough, in time provides corresponding fertilizer for vegetables.
In an alternative embodiment, the mobile terminal 7 includes a mobile phone terminal and a computer terminal; the humidity information of the soil layer 23 and the content information of nitrogen-containing phosphorus-potassium elements received by the central server 54 are received through the mobile terminal 7, so that the planting personnel can timely know to make corresponding response.
In an alternative embodiment, a natural energy power generation device 10 and a power module 9 are included; the power module 9 is respectively and electrically connected with the data receiving module 51, the converter 52, the data processing module 53, the central server 54, the communication module 55, the humidity sensor and the high-pressure pump, and a current input end of the power module 9 is connected with a current output end of the natural energy power generation device 10; the natural energy power generation device 10 comprises one or more of a solar power generation assembly and a wind power generation assembly;
the solar power generation assembly is a device for generating power by utilizing solar energy, and the solar power generation assembly is not described in detail for the prior art, and converts the solar energy into electric energy which can be stored in the power supply module 9 to supply power to the electrical appliance elements;
the wind power generation assembly is a device for generating power by utilizing natural wind energy, and the prior art does not describe the device in detail, and the wind power generation assembly converts the wind energy into electric energy which can be stored in the power module 9 to supply power to the electrical appliance elements; the solar energy or the wind energy is used for generating power, so that the energy is saved and the environment is protected.
In an alternative embodiment, the filter means 11 is selected from a filter cloth and a clamp;
the filter cloth is coated outside the water pipe 1; the clamp sleeve is arranged on the outer side of the water pipe 1 and used for pressing the filter cloth on the water pipe 1.
In an alternative embodiment, the liquid contained in the reservoir is water or water with dissolved fertilizer.
It is to be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely illustrative of or explaining the principles of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention. Therefore, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and the like made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention. Further, it is intended that the appended claims cover all such variations and modifications as fall within the scope and boundaries of the appended claims or the equivalents of such scope and boundaries.

Claims (10)

1. A water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process is characterized by comprising the following specific steps:
s1, burying the water conveying pipe (1) in a ridge for agricultural planting; wherein, a plurality of water outlets are uniformly arranged on the peripheral surface of the water pipe (1) along the length direction of the ridge, and a filtering device (11) for preventing the water outlets from being blocked is arranged on the peripheral surface of the water pipe; the anti-leakage layer (24) is arranged on the peripheral end face of the ridge, and the ridge comprises an anti-leakage layer (21), a water storage medium layer (22) for mounting a water delivery pipe and a soil layer (23) coated on the outer side of the water storage medium layer (22) which are sequentially arranged from bottom to top;
s2, detecting soil humidity through a humidity sensor (4) preset in the soil layer (23) to obtain a humidity signal A;
s3, the irrigation processing system obtains the humidity signal A and controls the high-pressure pump (6) to operate; the high-pressure pump (6) conveys the liquid in the liquid storage tank to the water conveying pipe (1) for irrigating the vegetables planted on the soil layer (23).
2. The energy-saving irrigation process according to claim 1, wherein the anti-leakage layer (24) is made of plastic film.
3. The energy-saving irrigation process according to claim 1, characterized in that the water storage medium layer (22) comprises vermiculite and sand.
4. The water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process according to claim 2, wherein the mass ratio of the vermiculite to the sand is 8-11: 1-3, and the vermiculite and the sand are both sieved by a 40-60 mesh sieve.
5. The energy-saving irrigation process according to claim 1, characterized in that the irrigation treatment system comprises a data receiving module (51), a converter (52), a data processing module (53), a central server (54) and a communication module (55) for communication connection with the mobile terminal (7);
the data receiving module (51) is in communication connection with the humidity sensor (4), and the data receiving module (51) is in communication connection with the converter (52); the converter (52) is in communication connection with the data processing module (53); the data processing module (53) is in communication connection with the central server (54); the central server (54) is connected with the high-pressure pump (6) in a control mode, and the central server (54) is connected with the communication module (55) in a communication mode.
6. A water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process according to claim 5, characterized by comprising a nutrient element detection module (8) for detecting a large amount of nutrient elements required for crop growth in the soil layer (23);
the nutrient element detection module (8) is in communication connection with the data receiving module (51); wherein, the nutrient element detection module (8) comprises a nitrogen content detector, a phosphorus content detector and a potassium content detector.
7. The energy-saving irrigation process as claimed in claim 5, wherein the mobile terminal (7) comprises a mobile phone terminal and a computer terminal.
8. A water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process according to claim 5, characterized by comprising a natural energy power generation device (10) and a power module (9); the power supply module (9) is respectively and electrically connected with the data receiving module (51), the converter (52), the data processing module (53), the central server (54), the communication module (55), the humidity sensor and the high-pressure pump, and the current input end of the power supply module (9) is connected with the current output end of the natural energy power generation device (10); wherein, the natural energy power generation device (10) comprises one or more of a solar power generation assembly and a wind power generation assembly.
9. The energy-saving irrigation process according to claim 1, characterized in that the filtering device (11) is a filter cloth or a hoop;
the filter cloth is coated outside the water pipe (1); the clamp sleeve is arranged on the outer side of the water pipe (1) and used for pressing the filter cloth on the water pipe (1).
10. The energy-saving irrigation process according to claim 1, wherein the liquid in the liquid storage tank is water or water containing dissolved fertilizer.
CN202010030622.4A 2020-01-13 2020-01-13 Water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process Pending CN111194686A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010030622.4A CN111194686A (en) 2020-01-13 2020-01-13 Water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010030622.4A CN111194686A (en) 2020-01-13 2020-01-13 Water conservancy energy-saving irrigation process

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111194686A true CN111194686A (en) 2020-05-26

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101080999A (en) * 2007-07-12 2007-12-05 石青 Mehtod and device for irrigating
CN201618637U (en) * 2010-01-22 2010-11-03 山东华野机械科技有限公司 Intelligent drip irrigation system
CN203575255U (en) * 2013-12-03 2014-05-07 齐元田 Novel water conservancy irrigation device
CN104429831A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-03-25 成都聚智工业设计有限公司 Greening irrigation device
CN105393877A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-16 重庆市万盛区军均林业开发有限公司 Lemon planting and producing device having high-efficiency water-saving performance
CN205213644U (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-05-11 偏关县农业委员会 Agricultural irrigation equipment
CN110367092A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-10-25 青海省农林科学院 A kind of farm irrigation system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101080999A (en) * 2007-07-12 2007-12-05 石青 Mehtod and device for irrigating
CN201618637U (en) * 2010-01-22 2010-11-03 山东华野机械科技有限公司 Intelligent drip irrigation system
CN203575255U (en) * 2013-12-03 2014-05-07 齐元田 Novel water conservancy irrigation device
CN104429831A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-03-25 成都聚智工业设计有限公司 Greening irrigation device
CN105393877A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-03-16 重庆市万盛区军均林业开发有限公司 Lemon planting and producing device having high-efficiency water-saving performance
CN205213644U (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-05-11 偏关县农业委员会 Agricultural irrigation equipment
CN110367092A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-10-25 青海省农林科学院 A kind of farm irrigation system

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