CN110332720A - A kind of photovoltaic junction box - Google Patents

A kind of photovoltaic junction box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110332720A
CN110332720A CN201910397809.5A CN201910397809A CN110332720A CN 110332720 A CN110332720 A CN 110332720A CN 201910397809 A CN201910397809 A CN 201910397809A CN 110332720 A CN110332720 A CN 110332720A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
sliding
bar
drive
shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910397809.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110332720B (en
Inventor
陈希文
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiaxing Lingqun Trading Co Ltd
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Jiaxing Lingqun Trading Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910397809.5A priority Critical patent/CN110332720B/en
Publication of CN110332720A publication Critical patent/CN110332720A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110332720B publication Critical patent/CN110332720B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/30Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with lenses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/20Cleaning; Removing snow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S50/00Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors
    • F24S50/20Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors for tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of photovoltaic junction boxes, the first cavity including fuselage and the opening upwards being arranged in the fuselage, convex lens is hingedly connected on end wall on the right side of first cavity, the first sliding cavity of opening to the left is provided on the right side of first cavity in end wall, be provided in first sliding cavity by the convex lens group at dimming device, hot-water cavity is provided in end wall on the left of first cavity, it is provided with and communicated with thermal-collecting tube in end wall on the right side of the hot-water cavity, the thermal-collecting tube right end protrudes into first cavity;Photovoltaic termination of the invention is more rationally and ingenious in overall structure, it uses also very convenient, conversion of the photovoltaic to thermal energy is can be realized simultaneously, it is not only easy to operate but also equipment to stablize height, heat-exchange device is provided in equipment, thermal energy fast exchange to interior can be realized photovoltaic heating, value for applications with higher.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic junction box
Technical field
The present invention relates to new energy fields, and in particular to a kind of photovoltaic junction box.
Background technique
Present photovoltaic termination is mostly to be fixedly installed, and cannot follow sunlight direction of illumination automatically, causes to collect thermal effect Rate is not high, and traditional photovoltaic termination is unable to automated cleaning surfaces of collector tubes dust, causes photovoltaic that cannot penetrate thermal-arrest Pipe heats liquid in equipment, influences heating effect.
For this reason, it is necessary to photovoltaic termination in the prior art be further improved, to improve photovoltaic wiring The functionality and high efficiency of device.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of photovoltaic junction boxes, can overcome the drawbacks described above of the prior art, and raising is set Standby functionality and high efficiency.
A kind of photovoltaic junction box of the invention, first including fuselage and the opening upwards being arranged in the fuselage Cavity is hingedly connected with convex lens on end wall on the right side of first cavity, is provided with opening in end wall on the right side of first cavity The first sliding cavity to the left, be provided in first sliding cavity by the convex lens group at dimming device, described first is empty Hot-water cavity is provided on the left of chamber in end wall, is provided with and communicated with thermal-collecting tube, the thermal-collecting tube right side on the right side of the hot-water cavity in end wall End is protruded into first cavity, is provided with the second sliding cavity that front and back extends in the first cavity end wall, and described the It is provided with cleaning device in two sliding cavities, is provided with the first drive cavity in the first cavity bottom wall, in first drive cavity It is provided with water circle device, the second cavity is provided in end wall on the left of first drive cavity, is set in the second cavity bottom wall It is equipped with third cavity, temperature regulating device is provided in the third cavity, is provided with the second transmission in the first drive cavity bottom wall Chamber is provided with the third sliding cavity of opening upwards in the second drive cavity bottom wall, is provided with first in the third sliding cavity Switchover apparatus is provided with third drive cavity in end wall on the right side of first drive cavity, sets in the third drive cavity bottom wall It is equipped with the 4th drive cavity, the 4th sliding cavity is provided in the 4th drive cavity bottom wall, is provided in the 4th sliding cavity Two switchover apparatus.
Wherein, the dimming device includes first sliding shoe that can slide up and down in first sliding cavity, and described first Hinge bar is hingedly connected on the left of sliding shoe on end wall, the hinge bar is articulated and connected far from first sliding shoe one end and institute It states on convex lens bottom wall, perforative first threaded hole up and down, spiral shell in first threaded hole is provided in first sliding shoe Line is connected with the first threaded rod extended up and down, and the first threaded rod bottom end runs through the first sliding cavity bottom wall It protrudes into the 4th drive cavity and end is fixedly installed with first gear, be fixedly installed in first cavity described in being located at Reflector below thermal-collecting tube.
Wherein, the cleaning device includes the second sliding shoe being slidably arranged in second sliding cavity, and described It is provided with the first sliding eye that front and back penetrates through in two sliding shoes, is slidably connected with what front and back extended in first sliding eye First sliding bar, first sliding bar front and rear sides end is fixedly installed in the end wall of the second sliding cavity front and back, described Pre-and post perforative second threaded hole is provided in the second sliding shoe, the second threaded hole screw-internal thread fit is connected with front and back and prolongs The second threaded rod stretched, end is protruded on rear side of second threaded rod is arranged in end wall on rear side of second sliding cavity In 5th drive cavity and end is fixedly installed first pulley, rotates and sets between the 5th drive cavity and the third drive cavity It is equipped with first rotating shaft, the first rotating shaft end in the 5th drive cavity is fixedly installed the second belt wheel, second band It is driven and is cooperatively connected by the belt between wheel and the first pulley, the first rotating shaft end in the third drive cavity It is fixedly installed first bevel gear, rotation is provided with the second shaft between the third drive cavity and the 4th drive cavity, institute Second shaft end stated in third drive cavity is fixedly installed the second bevel gear engaged with the first bevel gear, institute Second shaft end stated in the 4th drive cavity is fixedly installed second gear.
Preferably, the water circle device includes rotation setting between first drive cavity and second drive cavity Third shaft, the third shaft end in second drive cavity are fixedly installed third gear, first drive cavity The interior third shaft end is fixedly installed rotating disc, is hingedly connected with oscillating rod on the rotating disc roof, and described The second sliding eye is provided with and communicated between one drive cavity and second cavity, can horizontally slip in second sliding eye Two sliding bars, the second sliding bar right end and the oscillating rod left distal end are articulated and connected, and second sliding bar is left Side end is fixedly connected with end wall on the right side of the first piston being slideably positioned in second cavity, setting in the first piston Have an one-way cock, be provided with the 4th cavity on the left of second cavity in end wall, second cavity and the 4th cavity it Between be provided with and communicated with through-hole, the 5th cavity of opening to the right is provided on the left of the hot-water cavity in end wall, in the 5th cavity It slidably is provided with second piston, elasticity is provided with the first elastic reset between the second piston and the 5th cavity end wall Device, is provided with the plunger shaft of opening to the left on the left of the second piston in end wall, the plunger shaft is provided in end wall up and down Through hole is provided with and communicated with fan heat pipe between the 5th cavity and the 4th cavity.
Preferably, the temperature regulating device includes the fixed plate that can be horizontally slipped in the third cavity, the third cavity Heat pipe is fixedly installed in left hand end wall, the heat pipe left distal end in left side protrudes into the 4th cavity, right side The heat pipe right end protrudes into second cavity, left and right two heat pipes in be slidably provided with it is described The pushing block that fixed plate is fixedly connected.
Preferably, first switchover apparatus includes the third sliding that can be horizontally slipped in the third sliding cavity Block is fixedly installed first motor in the third sliding shoe roof, and the first motor output shaft upwardly extends end and fixes It is provided with the 4th gear, third sliding eye, the third are provided with and communicated between the third sliding cavity and the third cavity It is slidably provided with the third sliding bar of left and right extension in sliding eye and the 4th on the right side of the third sliding bar is slided Lever, by the first top pressure spring elastic connection between the third sliding bar and the 4th sliding bar, the third is sliding Lever left distal end is fixedly connected with the fixed link, the 4th sliding bar right end and the fixed company of the third sliding shoe It connects, the 4th sliding eye of opening upwards is provided in the third cavity bottom wall, is slidably arranged in the 4th sliding eye There is the 5th sliding bar, elasticity is provided with the second elasticity reset device between the 5th sliding bar and the 4th sliding eye end wall, It is provided with the 5th sliding eye of opening upwards in the third sliding cavity bottom wall, is slidably provided in the 5th sliding eye 6th sliding bar, is provided with the wedged hole of left and right perforation in the 6th sliding bar, the 6th sliding bar and described 5th sliding Elasticity is provided with third elasticity reset device between dynamic hole end wall, is provided in end wall on the right side of the 4th sliding eye through described the 6th sliding bar of five sliding eyes, it is multiple to be provided with the 4th elasticity for elasticity between the 6th sliding bar and the 5th sliding eye end wall Position device.
Preferably, second switchover apparatus includes the 4th sliding being slidably arranged in the 4th sliding cavity Block is fixedly installed the second motor in the 4th sliding shoe roof, and second motor output shaft upwardly extends end and fixes It is provided with the 5th gear engaged with the first gear, is provided with cam chamber in end wall on the left of the 4th sliding cavity, it is described The 6th sliding eye is provided with and communicated between cam chamber and the 4th sliding cavity, what can be horizontally slipped in the 6th sliding eye sets It is equipped with the 7th sliding bar being fixedly connected with the 4th sliding shoe, between the 7th sliding bar and the 6th sliding eye end wall Elasticity is provided with the 5th elasticity reset device, the 4th shaft of rotation setting, institute between the cam chamber and second drive cavity It states the 4th shaft end in cam chamber and is fixedly installed cam, the 4th shaft end in second drive cavity It is fixedly installed the 6th gear engaged with the 4th gear.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: photovoltaic termination of the invention is more rationally and ingenious in overall structure, make Use also very convenient, can be realized simultaneously conversion of the photovoltaic to thermal energy, not only it is easy to operate but also equipment stablize it is high, Heat-exchange device is provided in equipment, can by thermal energy fast exchange to interior, realize photovoltaic heating, it is with higher using and Promotional value.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to embodiment or existing in order to illustrate more clearly of inventive embodiments or technical solution in the prior art Attached drawing needed in technical description is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only to invent Some embodiments for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also basis These attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of overall structure diagram of photovoltaic junction box of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the enlarged structure schematic diagram of A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of B-B in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
All features disclosed in this specification or disclosed all methods or in the process the step of, in addition to mutually exclusive Feature and/or step other than, can combine in any way.
Any feature disclosed in this specification (including any accessory claim, abstract and attached drawing), except non-specifically chatting It states, can be replaced by other alternative features that are equivalent or have similar purpose.That is, unless specifically stated, each feature is only It is an example in a series of equivalent or similar characteristics.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside", " up time The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as needle ", " counterclockwise " is based on attached orientation or positional relationship shown in FIG. 1, merely to just In description the present invention and simplify description, rather than the equipment of indication or suggestion meaning or element must have a particular orientation, with Specific orientation construction and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance Or implicitly indicate the quantity of indicated technical characteristic.Define " first " as a result, the feature of " second " can be expressed or Implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of the present invention, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more, Unless otherwise specifically defined.
As shown in Figure 1-3, a kind of photovoltaic junction box of the invention, including fuselage 100 and set in the fuselage 100 First cavity 143 of the opening upwards set, is hingedly connected with convex lens 144 on the 143 right side end wall of the first cavity, and described Opening the first sliding cavity 142 to the left is provided in one cavity, 143 right side end wall, be provided in first sliding cavity 142 by The dimming device that the convex lens 144 forms is provided with hot-water cavity 150, the hot water in the 143 left side end wall of the first cavity Thermal-collecting tube 146 is provided with and communicated in 150 right side end wall of chamber, 146 right end of thermal-collecting tube protrudes into first cavity 143 It is interior, it is provided with the second sliding cavity 178 that front and back extends in 143 end wall of the first cavity, is set in second sliding cavity 178 It is equipped with cleaning device, the first drive cavity 133, setting in first drive cavity 133 are provided in 143 bottom wall of the first cavity There is water circle device, the second cavity 101,101 bottom wall of the second cavity are provided in the 133 left side end wall of the first drive cavity It is inside provided with third cavity 109, temperature regulating device is provided in the third cavity 109, is set in 133 bottom wall of the first drive cavity It is equipped with the second drive cavity 160, is provided with the third sliding cavity 126 of opening upwards in 160 bottom wall of the second drive cavity, described It is provided with the first switchover apparatus in three sliding cavities 126, third transmission is provided in the 133 right side end wall of the first drive cavity Chamber 137 is provided with the 4th drive cavity 164, setting in 164 bottom wall of the 4th drive cavity in 137 bottom wall of third drive cavity There is the 4th sliding cavity 169, is provided with the second switchover apparatus in the 4th sliding cavity 169.
Next, introducing the specific structure of the dimming device of the application in detail with reference to Fig. 1-3, wherein described Dimming device includes first sliding shoe 138 that can slide up and down in first sliding cavity 142, and first sliding shoe 138 is left Be hingedly connected with hinge bar 140 on the wall of side, the hinge bar 140 far from the articulated connection of described first sliding shoe, 138 one end with On 144 bottom wall of convex lens, be provided in first sliding shoe 138 up and down perforative first threaded hole 139, described first 139 screw-internal thread fit of threaded hole is connected with the first threaded rod 141 extended up and down, and 141 bottom end of the first threaded rod is passed through Wear that 142 bottom wall of the first sliding cavity protrudes into the 4th drive cavity 164 and end is fixedly installed with first gear 166, institute State the reflector 145 being fixedly installed in the first cavity 143 positioned at 145 lower section of thermal-collecting tube.
In the following, introducing the specific structure of the cleaning device of the application, the cleaning device in detail in conjunction with Fig. 1-3 Including the second sliding shoe 175 being slidably arranged in second sliding cavity 178, it is provided in the second sliding shoe 175 First sliding eye 149 of front and back perforation is slidably connected with the first sliding bar that front and back extends in first sliding eye 149 148, the 148 front and rear sides end of the first sliding bar is fixedly installed in the 178 front and back end wall of the second sliding cavity, and described Pre-and post perforative second threaded hole 176,176 screw-internal thread fit of the second threaded hole connection are provided in two sliding shoes 175 The second threaded rod 180 for having front and back to extend, the 180 rear side end of the second threaded rod is protruded into positioned at second sliding cavity In the 5th drive cavity 182 being arranged in 178 rear side end walls and end is fixedly installed first pulley 184, the 5th drive cavity It is rotated between 182 and the third drive cavity 137 and is provided with first rotating shaft 177, described first in the 5th drive cavity 182 177 end of shaft is fixedly installed the second belt wheel 181, by the skin between second belt wheel 181 and the first pulley 184 The transmission of band 183 is cooperatively connected, and 177 end of the first rotating shaft in the third drive cavity 137 is fixedly installed the first cone tooth Wheel 179, rotation is provided with the second shaft 134, the third between the third drive cavity 137 and the 4th drive cavity 164 134 end of the second shaft in drive cavity 137 is fixedly installed the second bevel gear engaged with the first bevel gear 179 135,134 end of the second shaft in the 4th drive cavity 164 is fixedly installed second gear 163.
Valuably, as shown in Figure 1-3, wherein, the water circle device includes first drive cavity 133 and described second The third shaft 130 of setting is rotated between drive cavity 160,130 end of third shaft in second drive cavity 160 is solid Surely it is provided with third gear 129,130 end of third shaft in first drive cavity 133 is fixedly installed rotating disc 131, oscillating rod 132, first drive cavity 133 and second cavity 101 are hingedly connected on 131 roof of rotating disc Between be provided with and communicated with the second sliding eye 120, the second sliding bar 106 that can be horizontally slipped in second sliding eye 120 is described Second sliding bar, 106 right end and 132 left distal end of oscillating rod are articulated and connected, the 106 left side end of the second sliding bar It holds and is fixedly connected with the 102 right side end wall of first piston being slideably positioned in second cavity 101, the first piston 102 It is inside provided with one-way cock 103, is provided with the 4th cavity 104, second cavity in the 101 left side end wall of the second cavity Through-hole 105 is provided with and communicated between 101 and the 4th cavity 104, be provided in the 150 left side end wall of hot-water cavity opening to The 5th right cavity 155, is slidably provided with second piston 153 in the 5th cavity 155, the second piston 153 with Elasticity is provided with the first elasticity reset device 152 between 5th cavity, 155 end wall, in the 153 left side end wall of second piston It is provided with the plunger shaft 154 of opening to the left, is provided with through hole 156, the 5th cavity in about 154 end wall of plunger shaft Fan heat pipe 157 is provided with and communicated between 155 and the 4th cavity 104.
Valuably, as shown in Figure 1-3, wherein, the temperature regulating device includes that can horizontally slip in the third cavity 109 Fixed plate 110, heat pipe 107 is fixedly installed in 109 left hand end wall of third cavity, and the heat pipe 107 in left side is left Side end is protruded into the 4th cavity 104, and 107 right end of the heat pipe on right side protrudes into second cavity 101, The pushing block 108 being fixedly connected with the fixed plate 110 is slidably provided in two heat pipes 107 in left and right.
Valuably, as shown in Figure 1-3, wherein, first switchover apparatus includes can in the third sliding cavity 126 The third sliding shoe 127 to horizontally slip, is fixedly installed first motor 128 in 127 roof of third sliding shoe, and described first 128 output shaft of motor upwardly extends end and is fixedly installed the 4th gear 158, and the third sliding cavity 126 and the third are empty It is provided with and communicated with third sliding eye 118 between chamber 109, is slidably provided with what left and right extended in the third sliding eye 118 Third sliding bar 116 and the 4th sliding bar 121 positioned at 116 right side of the third sliding bar, the third sliding bar 116 with By 117 elastic connection of the first top pressure spring, 116 left distal end of third sliding bar between 4th sliding bar 121 It being fixedly connected with the fixed link 110,122 right end of the 4th sliding bar is fixedly connected with the third sliding shoe 127, It is provided with the 4th sliding eye 112 of opening upwards in 109 bottom wall of third cavity, in the 4th sliding eye 112 slidably Be provided with the 5th sliding bar 111, elasticity is provided between the 5th sliding bar 111 and 112 end wall of the 4th sliding eye Two elasticity reset devices 113, are provided with the 5th sliding eye 125 of opening upwards in 126 bottom wall of third sliding cavity, and described It is slidably provided with the 6th sliding bar 122 in five sliding eyes 125, left and right perforation is provided in the 6th sliding bar 122 Wedged hole 123, elasticity is provided with third elastic reset dress between the 6th sliding bar 122 and 125 end wall of the 5th sliding eye 124 are set, is provided with the 6th sliding bar 114 through the 5th sliding eye 125 in the 112 right side end wall of the 4th sliding eye, Elasticity is provided with the 4th elasticity reset device 115 between 6th sliding bar 114 and 125 end wall of the 5th sliding eye.
Valuably, as shown in Figure 1-3, wherein, second switchover apparatus includes can in the 4th sliding cavity 169 4th sliding shoe 168 of the setting of sliding, is fixedly installed the second motor 167 in 169 roof of the 4th sliding shoe, and described Two motors, 167 output shaft upwardly extends end and is fixedly installed the 5th gear 165 engaged with the first gear 166, described It is provided with cam chamber 161 in 4th sliding cavity, 169 left side end wall, connects between the cam chamber 161 and the 4th sliding cavity 169 Logical to be provided with the 6th sliding eye 170, what can be horizontally slipped in the 6th sliding eye 170 is provided with and the 4th sliding shoe 168 the 7th sliding bars 172 being fixedly connected, elasticity setting between the 7th sliding bar 172 and 170 end wall of the 6th sliding eye There is the 5th elasticity reset device, the 4th shaft 174 of rotation setting, institute between the cam chamber 161 and second drive cavity 160 It states 174 end of the 4th shaft in cam chamber 161 and is fixedly installed cam 173, it is described in second drive cavity 160 4th shaft, 174 end is fixedly installed the 6th gear 159 engaged with the 4th gear 158.
In the following, applicant will be with reference to the specific of attached drawing 1-3 and the application photovoltaic termination structure described above It forms to introduce the application method of the photovoltaic termination of the application in detail: firstly, in the initial state, the first motor 128 and second motor 167 be in stationary state, the 5th gear 165 is engaged with the first gear 166, institute It states the 5th gear 165 to separate with the second gear 163, the 4th gear 158 is engaged with the 6th gear 159, described 4th gear is separated with the third gear 129.
When present device work, start second motor 167, second motor 167 drives the 5th tooth 165 rotation of wheel, the 5th gear 165 rotation drive the first gear 166 to rotate, and the rotation of first gear 166 drives First threaded rod 141 rotates, and the rotation of the first threaded rod 141 drives first sliding shoe 138 to move up, and described first Sliding shoe 138, which moves up, drives convex lens 144 described in the upward pushing tow of the hinge bar 140, and the convex lens 144 is with solar irradiation Situation adjusts angle, to realize sunlight using maximizing, as sunlight is gathered the irradiation thermal-collecting tube again by convex lens 144 On 146, the fluid temperature in the thermal-collecting tube 146 increases, as fluid temperature increases, liquid temperature in second cavity 101 Degree increases, and temperature increases air themperature in the heat pipe 107 for driving right side and increases in second cavity 101, thus band Pressure increase in the heat pipe 107 on dynamic right side, the pressure push the fixed link 110 to move to left, and the fixed link 110 is left Shipper pole moves the third sliding bar 116 and moves to left, and the third sliding bar 116, which moves to left, drives the 4th sliding bar 121 to move to left, institute It states the 4th sliding bar 121 and moves to left and the third sliding shoe 127 is driven to move to left, the third sliding shoe 127, which moves to left, drives described the Four gears 158 are separated with the 6th gear 159, and the 4th gear is engaged with the 158 third gears 129, are started at this time The first motor 128, the first motor 128 drive the 4th gear 158 to rotate, the 4th gear 158 rotation, institute Stating the rotation of the 4th gear 158 drives the third gear 129 to rotate, and the rotation of third gear 129 drives the rotating disc 131 Rotation, it is mobile that the rotation of rotating disc 131 drives the oscillating rod 131, so that second sliding bar 106 or so be driven to move Dynamic, second sliding bar 106, which moves to left, drives the high-temp liquid in second cavity 102 to enter the 4th cavity 104, institute It states the second sliding bar 106 and moves to left and drive the liquid to squeeze the second piston 153 to move to right, the second piston 153 moves to right institute Liquid is stated in the 4th cavity 104 to enter in the hot-water cavity 150, to realize that water recycles, second cavity 101 and institute at this time When stating between the 4th cavity 104 temperature and maintaining an equal level, the fixed link 110 presses downwards the 5th sliding bar 111, and the described 5th is sliding Lever 111, which moves down, drives the 6th sliding bar 114 to move to right, and the 6th sliding bar 114, which moves to right, drives the 4th sliding bar 122 move down, and the 4th sliding bar 122 moves down, and the third sliding shoe 127 moves to right, the 4th gear 158 and the described 6th Gear 159 engages, and the 4th gear 158 is separated with the third gear 129, when 146 surface of thermal-collecting tube is attached with ash When dirt, 146 heat absorption capacity of the thermal-collecting tube decline starts the rotation of first motor 128 at this time and drives the 4th gear 158 Rotation, the 4th gear 158 rotation drive the 6th gear 159 rotation, and the 6th gear 159 rotation drives described convex 173 rotation of wheel, the rotation of cam 173 drive the 7th sliding bar 172 to move to left, and the 7th sliding bar 172 moves to left drive 4th sliding shoe 168 moves to left, and the 4th sliding shoe 168, which moves to left, drives the 5th gear 165 and the first gear 166 separation, the 5th gear 165 are engaged with the second gear 163, and the rotation of the second motor 167 drives the described 5th Gear 165 rotates, and the 5th gear 165 rotation drives the second gear 163 to rotate, and the second gear 163 rotates band It moves the second bevel gear 135 to rotate, the rotation of second bevel gear 135 drives the first bevel gear 136, first cone The rotation of gear 136 drives second threaded rod 180 to rotate, and the rotation of the second threaded rod 180 drives the second sliding shoe 175 are moved forward and backward, and the second sliding shoe 175 is moved forward and backward the hair for driving and being fixedly mounted on 175 bottom wall of the second sliding shoe Brush cleans out the dust on the thermal-collecting tube 146, then starts the first motor 128 and drives the 5th gear 165 Rotation, the 5th gear 165 rotation drive the first gear 166 to rotate, and the rotation of first gear 166 drives described convex Wheel 173 presses to the right the 7th sliding bar 172 and moves to right, and the 7th sliding bar 172, which moves to right, drives the 4th sliding shoe 168 It moves to right, so that the 5th gear 165 is driven to engage with the first gear 166, the 5th gear 165 and second tooth 163 separation of wheel.
By detailed analysis above it can be seen that equipment utilization power source of the invention drives convex lens rotation thus will Care is gathered on thermal-collecting tube always, ensure that the utilization to greatest extent that the sun is looked after, while realizing thermal-arrest using the power source The cleaning of pipe avoids the decline of the heating effect as caused by the dust covering of thermal-collecting tube.
Present device, which can be realized, is converted directly into thermal energy for photovoltaic, reduces the energy damage in the conversion process of photovoltaic It loses, improves equipment transfer efficiency.
Therefore, photovoltaic termination of the invention is more rationally and ingenious in overall structure, uses also very square Just, it can be realized simultaneously conversion of the photovoltaic to thermal energy, it is not only easy to operate but also equipment to stablize height, heat is provided in equipment Thermal energy fast exchange to interior can be realized photovoltaic heating, value for applications with higher by switch.
The above, the specific embodiment only invented, but invent protection scope be not limited thereto, it is any without The change or replacement that creative work is expected are crossed, should all be covered within the protection scope of invention.Therefore, the protection scope of invention It should be determined by the scope of protection defined in the claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of photovoltaic junction box, the first cavity including fuselage and the opening upwards being arranged in the fuselage is described Convex lens is hingedly connected on the right side of first cavity on end wall, is provided with first of opening to the left on the right side of first cavity in end wall Sliding cavity, be provided in first sliding cavity by the convex lens group at dimming device, end wall on the left of first cavity It is inside provided with hot-water cavity, is provided with and communicated with thermal-collecting tube in end wall on the right side of the hot-water cavity, the thermal-collecting tube right end protrudes into institute It states in the first cavity, the second sliding cavity extended before and after being provided in the first cavity end wall, in second sliding cavity It is provided with cleaning device, the first drive cavity is provided in the first cavity bottom wall, water is provided in first drive cavity and follows Loop device is provided with the second cavity in end wall on the left of first drive cavity, third sky is provided in the second cavity bottom wall Chamber is provided with temperature regulating device in the third cavity, is provided with the second drive cavity in the first drive cavity bottom wall, and described second It is provided with the third sliding cavity of opening upwards in drive cavity bottom wall, the first powershift dress is provided in the third sliding cavity It sets, is provided with third drive cavity in end wall on the right side of first drive cavity, the 4th biography is provided in the third drive cavity bottom wall Chamber is moved, the 4th sliding cavity is provided in the 4th drive cavity bottom wall, is provided with the second powershift in the 4th sliding cavity Device.
2. a kind of photovoltaic junction box according to claim 1, wherein the dimming device includes in first sliding cavity Can slide up and down the first sliding shoe, be hingedly connected with hinge bar on end wall on the left of first sliding shoe, the hinge bar is remote From the articulated connection of first sliding shoe one end on the convex lens bottom wall, it is provided in first sliding shoe and runs through up and down The first threaded hole, the first threaded hole screw-internal thread fit is connected with the first threaded rod extended up and down, first screw thread Bar bottom end protrudes into the 4th drive cavity through the first sliding cavity bottom wall and end is fixedly installed with first gear, The reflector being fixedly installed in first cavity below the thermal-collecting tube.
3. a kind of photovoltaic junction box according to claim 1 to 2, it is characterised in that: the cleaning device includes described second The second sliding shoe being slidably arranged in sliding cavity is provided with the first sliding eye that front and back penetrates through in the second sliding shoe, The first sliding bar that front and back extends, first sliding bar front and rear sides end are slidably connected in first sliding eye It is fixedly installed in the end wall of the second sliding cavity front and back, pre-and post perforative second screw thread is provided in the second sliding shoe Hole, the second threaded hole screw-internal thread fit are connected with the second threaded rod that front and back extends, the second threaded rod rear side End is protruded into the 5th drive cavity being arranged in end wall on rear side of second sliding cavity and end is fixedly installed first band Wheel, rotation is provided with first rotating shaft, the institute in the 5th drive cavity between the 5th drive cavity and the third drive cavity It states first rotating shaft end and is fixedly installed the second belt wheel, be driven between second belt wheel and the first pulley by the belt It is cooperatively connected, the first rotating shaft end in the third drive cavity is fixedly installed first bevel gear, the third transmission Rotation is provided with the second shaft between chamber and the 4th drive cavity, and second shaft end in the third drive cavity is solid Surely it is provided with the second bevel gear engaged with the first bevel gear, second shaft end in the 4th drive cavity is solid Surely it is provided with second gear.
4. a kind of photovoltaic junction box according to claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: the water circle device includes described The third shaft of setting, the third shaft in second drive cavity are rotated between one drive cavity and second drive cavity End is fixedly installed third gear, and the third shaft end in first drive cavity is fixedly installed rotating disc, institute It states and is hingedly connected with oscillating rod on rotating disc roof, be provided with and communicated with second between first drive cavity and second cavity Sliding eye, the second sliding bar that can be horizontally slipped in second sliding eye, the second sliding bar right end and the pendulum The articulated connection of lever left distal end, the second sliding bar left distal end and the first work being slideably positioned in second cavity Plug right side end wall is fixedly connected, and one-way cock is provided in the first piston, is provided in end wall on the left of second cavity 4th cavity is provided with and communicated with through-hole, sets in end wall on the left of the hot-water cavity between second cavity and the 4th cavity It is equipped with the 5th cavity of opening to the right, is slidably provided with second piston, the second piston and institute in the 5th cavity State elasticity between the 5th cavity end wall and be provided with the first elasticity reset device, be provided in end wall on the left of the second piston opening to Left plunger shaft, the plunger shaft are provided with through hole in end wall up and down, connect between the 5th cavity and the 4th cavity It is logical to be provided with fan heat pipe.
5. a kind of photovoltaic junction box described in -4 according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the temperature regulating device includes the third The fixed plate that can be horizontally slipped in cavity, is fixedly installed heat pipe in the third cavity left hand end wall, left side it is described by Heat pipe left distal end protrudes into the 4th cavity, and the heat pipe right end on right side protrudes into second cavity, left The pushing block being fixedly connected with the fixed plate is slidably provided in right two heat pipes.
6. a kind of photovoltaic junction box described in -5 according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: first switchover apparatus includes The third sliding shoe that can be horizontally slipped in the third sliding cavity is fixedly installed the first electricity in the third sliding shoe roof Machine, the first motor output shaft upwardly extend end and are fixedly installed the 4th gear, the third sliding cavity and the third It is provided with and communicated with third sliding eye between cavity, the third sliding that left and right extends slidably is provided in the third sliding eye Bar and the 4th sliding bar on the right side of the third sliding bar, between the third sliding bar and the 4th sliding bar by The first top pressure spring elastic connection, the third sliding bar left distal end are fixedly connected with the fixed link, and the described 4th Sliding bar right end is fixedly connected with the third sliding shoe, is provided with the 4th of opening upwards in the third cavity bottom wall Sliding eye is slidably provided with the 5th sliding bar, the 5th sliding bar and the 4th sliding in the 4th sliding eye Elasticity is provided with the second elasticity reset device between the end wall of hole, and the 5th that opening upwards are provided in the third sliding cavity bottom wall is sliding Hole is moved, is slidably provided with the 6th sliding bar in the 5th sliding eye, left and right perforation is provided in the 6th sliding bar Wedged hole, elasticity is provided with third elasticity reset device between the 6th sliding bar and the 5th sliding eye end wall, described Be provided with the 6th sliding bar through the 5th sliding eye on the right side of 4th sliding eye in end wall, the 6th sliding bar with it is described Elasticity is provided with the 4th elasticity reset device between 5th sliding eye end wall.
7. a kind of photovoltaic junction box described in -6 according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: second switchover apparatus includes The 4th sliding shoe being slidably arranged in 4th sliding cavity is fixedly installed the second electricity in the 4th sliding shoe roof Machine, second motor output shaft upwardly extends end and is fixedly installed the 5th gear engaged with the first gear, described It is provided with cam chamber in end wall on the left of 4th sliding cavity, is provided with and communicated with the 6th between the cam chamber and the 4th sliding cavity Sliding eye, what can be horizontally slipped in the 6th sliding eye is provided with the 7th sliding being fixedly connected with the 4th sliding shoe Bar, elasticity is provided with the 5th elasticity reset device, the cam chamber between the 7th sliding bar and the 6th sliding eye end wall The 4th shaft is arranged in rotation between second drive cavity, and the 4th shaft end in the cam chamber is fixedly installed Cam, the 4th shaft end in second drive cavity are fixedly installed the 6th tooth engaged with the 4th gear Wheel.
CN201910397809.5A 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 Photovoltaic junction box Active CN110332720B (en)

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CN107888136A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-06 郑州天舜电子技术有限公司 A kind of solar panels angle regulator of multistage sliding bar mechanism
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