CN110332720B - Photovoltaic junction box - Google Patents

Photovoltaic junction box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110332720B
CN110332720B CN201910397809.5A CN201910397809A CN110332720B CN 110332720 B CN110332720 B CN 110332720B CN 201910397809 A CN201910397809 A CN 201910397809A CN 110332720 B CN110332720 B CN 110332720B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
sliding
rod
hole
transmission
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Application number
CN201910397809.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110332720A (en
Inventor
陈希文
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Beijing Qixing Huadian Technology Group Co ltd
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Beijing Qixing Huadian Technology Group Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910397809.5A priority Critical patent/CN110332720B/en
Publication of CN110332720A publication Critical patent/CN110332720A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S23/00Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors
    • F24S23/30Arrangements for concentrating solar-rays for solar heat collectors with lenses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/20Cleaning; Removing snow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S50/00Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors
    • F24S50/20Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors for tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

The invention provides a photovoltaic junction box, which comprises a machine body and a first cavity, wherein the first cavity is arranged in the machine body and provided with an upward opening, a convex lens is hinged to the right side end wall of the first cavity, a first sliding cavity with a leftward opening is arranged in the right side end wall of the first cavity, a light adjusting device consisting of the convex lens is arranged in the first sliding cavity, a hot water cavity is arranged in the left side end wall of the first cavity, a heat collecting pipe is communicated and arranged in the right side end wall of the hot water cavity, and the right side tail end of the heat collecting pipe extends into the first cavity; the photovoltaic wiring device is more reasonable and ingenious in overall structure, is very convenient to use, can simultaneously realize conversion of photovoltaic heat energy, is convenient to operate and high in stability, can quickly exchange heat energy indoors due to the fact that the heat exchange device is arranged in the equipment, realizes photovoltaic heating, and has high use and popularization values.

Description

Photovoltaic junction box
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of new energy, in particular to a photovoltaic junction box.
Background
Present photovoltaic termination is mostly fixed setting, can not follow the sunlight irradiation direction automatically, leads to collecting efficiency not high, and traditional photovoltaic termination can not self-cleaning thermal-collecting tube surface dust moreover, leads to the photovoltaic to pierce through the thermal-collecting tube to liquid heating in the equipment, influences the heating effect.
Therefore, there is a need for further improvements in photovoltaic wiring devices of the prior art to improve the functionality and efficiency of photovoltaic wiring devices.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a photovoltaic junction box, which can overcome the defects in the prior art and improve the functionality and the efficiency of equipment.
The invention relates to a photovoltaic junction box, which comprises a machine body and a first cavity with an upward opening, wherein the first cavity is arranged in the machine body, the right side end wall of the first cavity is hinged with a convex lens, a first sliding cavity with a leftward opening is arranged in the right side end wall of the first cavity, a light adjusting device consisting of the convex lens is arranged in the first sliding cavity, a hot water cavity is arranged in the left side end wall of the first cavity, a heat collecting pipe is communicated and arranged in the right side end wall of the hot water cavity, the right end of the heat collecting pipe extends into the first cavity, a second sliding cavity extending forwards and backwards is arranged in the end wall of the first cavity, a cleaning device is arranged in the second sliding cavity, a first transmission cavity is arranged in the bottom wall of the first cavity, a water circulating device is arranged in the first transmission cavity, and a second cavity is arranged in the left, the improved transmission device is characterized in that a third cavity is arranged in the bottom wall of the second cavity, a temperature control device is arranged in the third cavity, a second transmission cavity is arranged in the bottom wall of the first transmission cavity, a third sliding cavity with an upward opening is arranged in the bottom wall of the second transmission cavity, a first power switching device is arranged in the third sliding cavity, a third transmission cavity is arranged in the end wall on the right side of the first transmission cavity, a fourth transmission cavity is arranged in the bottom wall of the third transmission cavity, a fourth sliding cavity is arranged in the bottom wall of the fourth transmission cavity, and a second power switching device is arranged in the fourth sliding cavity.
Wherein, the device of adjusting luminance includes gliding first sliding block from top to bottom in the first slip intracavity, the articulated hinge rod that is connected with on the end wall of first sliding block left side, the hinge rod is kept away from first sliding block one end is articulated connect with on the convex lens diapire, be provided with the first screw hole that runs through from top to bottom in the first sliding block, the first threaded hole internal screw thread fit connection has the first threaded rod of extending from top to bottom, first threaded rod bottom end runs through first slip chamber diapire stretches into just terminal fixed mounting has first gear in the fourth transmission intracavity, fixed mounting has in the first cavity and is located the reflector panel of thermal-collecting tube below.
Wherein, the cleaning device comprises a second sliding block which is arranged in the second sliding cavity in a sliding way, a first sliding hole which is through from front to back is arranged in the second sliding block, a first sliding rod which extends from front to back is connected in the first sliding hole in a sliding fit way, the front and back ends of the front and back sides of the first sliding rod are fixedly arranged in the front and back end walls of the second sliding cavity, a second threaded hole which penetrates from front to back is arranged in the second sliding block, a second threaded rod which extends from front to back is connected in the second threaded hole in a threaded fit way, the back end of the second threaded rod extends into a fifth transmission cavity which is arranged in the back end wall of the second sliding cavity, a first belt wheel is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the second threaded rod, a first rotating shaft is rotatably arranged between the fifth transmission cavity and the third transmission cavity, and a second belt wheel is fixedly arranged at the tail, the second belt wheel is connected with the first belt wheel in a matched mode through belt transmission, a first bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the first rotating shaft in the third transmission cavity, a second rotating shaft is rotatably arranged between the third transmission cavity and the fourth transmission cavity, a second bevel gear meshed with the first bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the second rotating shaft in the third transmission cavity, and a second gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the second rotating shaft in the fourth transmission cavity.
Preferably, the water circulation device comprises a third rotating shaft rotatably arranged between the first transmission cavity and the second transmission cavity, a third gear is fixedly arranged at the end of the third rotating shaft in the second transmission cavity, a rotating disc is fixedly arranged at the end of the third rotating shaft in the first transmission cavity, a swinging rod is hinged on the top wall of the rotating disc, a second sliding hole is communicated between the first transmission cavity and the second cavity, a second sliding rod capable of sliding left and right in the second sliding hole is provided, the right end of the second sliding rod is hinged with the left end of the swinging rod, the left end of the second sliding rod is fixedly connected with the right end wall of a first piston slidably arranged in the second cavity, a one-way valve is arranged in the first piston, a fourth cavity is arranged in the left end wall of the second cavity, and a through hole is communicated between the second cavity and the fourth cavity, the hot water cavity comprises a hot water cavity and is characterized in that a fifth cavity with a right opening is formed in the end wall of the left side of the hot water cavity, a second piston is slidably arranged in the fifth cavity, a first elastic reset device is elastically arranged between the second piston and the end wall of the fifth cavity, a piston cavity with a left opening is formed in the end wall of the left side of the second piston, through holes are formed in the upper end wall and the lower end wall of the piston cavity, and a radiating pipe is communicated between the fifth cavity and the fourth cavity.
Preferably, temperature regulating device includes but the fixed plate of horizontal slip in the third cavity, end wall internal fixation is provided with heated tube about the third cavity, and is left heated tube left side end stretches into in the fourth cavity, on the right side heated tube right side end stretches into in the second cavity, control two heated intraductal slidable be provided with fixed plate fixed connection's ejector pad.
Preferably, the first power switching device includes a third sliding block capable of sliding left and right in the third sliding cavity, a first motor is fixedly disposed in the top wall of the third sliding block, a fourth gear is fixedly disposed at the end of the first motor output shaft extending upward, a third sliding hole is disposed between the third sliding cavity and the third cavity in a communicating manner, a third sliding rod extending left and right and a fourth sliding rod located on the right side of the third sliding rod are slidably disposed in the third sliding hole, the third sliding rod and the fourth sliding rod are elastically connected by a first jacking spring, the end of the left side of the third sliding rod is fixedly connected with the fixing plate, the end of the right side of the fourth sliding rod is fixedly connected with the third sliding block, a fourth sliding hole with an upward opening is disposed in the bottom wall of the third cavity, and a fifth sliding rod is slidably disposed in the fourth sliding hole, fifth slide bar with elasticity is provided with second elasticity resetting means between fourth slide hole end wall, be provided with the ascending fifth slide hole of opening in the third slip chamber diapire, slidable is provided with the sixth slide bar in the fifth slide hole, be provided with the wedge hole that link up about in the sixth slide bar, the sixth slide bar with elasticity is provided with third elasticity resetting means between fifth slide hole end wall, be provided with in the fourth slide hole right side end wall and run through the sixth slide bar of fifth slide hole, the sixth slide bar with elasticity is provided with fourth elasticity resetting means between fifth slide hole end wall.
Preferably, the second power switching device includes a fourth sliding block slidably disposed in a fourth sliding cavity, a second motor is fixedly disposed in a top wall of the fourth sliding block, a second motor output shaft extends upwards, a fifth gear engaged with the first gear is fixedly disposed at an end of the second motor output shaft, a cam cavity is disposed in a left end wall of the fourth sliding cavity, a sixth sliding hole is disposed between the cam cavity and the fourth sliding cavity in a communicating manner, a seventh sliding rod fixedly connected with the fourth sliding block is disposed in the sixth sliding hole in a left-right sliding manner, a fifth elastic reset device is elastically disposed between the seventh sliding rod and an end wall of the sixth sliding hole, a fourth rotating shaft is rotatably disposed between the cam cavity and the second transmission cavity, a cam is fixedly disposed at an end of the fourth rotating shaft in the cam cavity, and a sixth gear engaged with the fourth gear is fixedly disposed at an end of the fourth rotating shaft in the second transmission cavity.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the photovoltaic wiring device is more reasonable and ingenious in overall structure, is very convenient to use, can simultaneously realize conversion of photovoltaic heat energy, is convenient to operate and high in stability, can quickly exchange heat energy indoors due to the fact that the heat exchange device is arranged in the equipment, realizes photovoltaic heating, and has high use and popularization values.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained based on these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a photovoltaic junction box of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of a in fig. 1.
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of B-B in FIG. 1.
Detailed Description
All of the features disclosed in this specification, or all of the steps in any method or process so disclosed, may be combined in any combination, except combinations of features and/or steps that are mutually exclusive.
Any feature disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings), may be replaced by alternative features serving equivalent or similar purposes, unless expressly stated otherwise. That is, unless expressly stated otherwise, each feature is only an example of a generic series of equivalent or similar features.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in fig. 1, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
As shown in fig. 1-3, the photovoltaic junction box of the present invention includes a body 100 and a first cavity 143 with an upward opening, the first cavity 143 is disposed in the body 100, a convex lens 144 is hinged to a right end wall of the first cavity 143, a first sliding cavity 142 with a leftward opening is disposed in the right end wall of the first cavity 143, a light adjusting device composed of the convex lens 144 is disposed in the first sliding cavity 142, a hot water cavity 150 is disposed in a left end wall of the first cavity 143, a heat collecting tube 146 is disposed in the right end wall of the hot water cavity 150, a right end of the heat collecting tube 146 extends into the first cavity 143, a second sliding cavity 178 extending forward and backward is disposed in the end wall of the first cavity 143, a cleaning device is disposed in the second sliding cavity 178, a first transmission cavity 133 is disposed in a bottom wall of the first cavity 143, and a water circulating device is disposed in the first transmission cavity 133, the novel hydraulic power transmission device is characterized in that a second cavity 101 is arranged in the end wall of the left side of the first transmission cavity 133, a third cavity 109 is arranged in the bottom wall of the second cavity 101, a temperature control device is arranged in the third cavity 109, a second transmission cavity 160 is arranged in the bottom wall of the first transmission cavity 133, a third sliding cavity 126 with an upward opening is arranged in the bottom wall of the second transmission cavity 160, a first power switching device is arranged in the third sliding cavity 126, a third transmission cavity 137 is arranged in the end wall of the right side of the first transmission cavity 133, a fourth transmission cavity 164 is arranged in the bottom wall of the third transmission cavity 137, a fourth sliding cavity 169 is arranged in the bottom wall of the fourth transmission cavity 164, and a second power switching device is arranged in the fourth sliding cavity 169.
Next, a specific structure of the light adjusting device of the present application is described in detail with reference to fig. 1 to 3, wherein the light adjusting device includes a first sliding block 138 capable of sliding up and down in a first sliding cavity 142, a hinge rod 140 is hinged to the end wall of the left side of the first sliding block 138, the hinge rod 140 is far away from the first sliding block 138, one end of the first sliding block 138 is hinged to the bottom wall of the convex lens 144, a first threaded hole 139 penetrating up and down is provided in the first sliding block 138, a first threaded rod 141 extending up and down is connected to the first threaded hole 139 in a threaded fit manner, a first gear 166 is fixedly installed at the bottom end of the first threaded rod 141, the bottom wall of the first sliding cavity 142 extends into the fourth transmission cavity 164, and a reflective plate 145 located below the heat collecting tube 145 is fixedly installed in the first cavity 143.
Next, referring to fig. 1-3, a detailed structure of the cleaning device of the present application is described in detail, where the cleaning device includes a second sliding block 175 slidably disposed in the second sliding cavity 178, a first sliding hole 149 penetrating back and forth is disposed in the second sliding block 175, a first sliding rod 148 extending back and forth is slidably coupled in the first sliding hole 149, ends of front and back sides of the first sliding rod 148 are fixedly disposed in front and back end walls of the second sliding cavity 178, a second threaded hole 176 penetrating back and forth is disposed in the second sliding block 175, a second threaded rod 180 extending back and forth is threadedly coupled in the second threaded hole 176, a rear end of the second threaded rod 180 extends into a fifth transmission cavity 182 disposed in a rear end wall of the second sliding cavity 178, and an end of the second threaded rod is fixedly disposed with a first belt pulley 184, a first rotating shaft 177 is rotatably disposed between the fifth transmission cavity 182 and the third transmission cavity 137, a second belt wheel 181 is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the first rotating shaft 177 in the fifth transmission cavity 182, the second belt wheel 181 is in transmission fit connection with the first belt wheel 184 through a belt 183, a first bevel gear 179 is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the first rotating shaft 177 in the third transmission cavity 137, a second rotating shaft 134 is rotatably arranged between the third transmission cavity 137 and the fourth transmission cavity 164, a second bevel gear 135 engaged with the first bevel gear 179 is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the second rotating shaft 134 in the third transmission cavity 137, and a second gear 163 is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the second rotating shaft 134 in the fourth transmission cavity 164.
Advantageously, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the water circulation device includes a third rotating shaft 130 rotatably disposed between the first transmission cavity 133 and the second transmission cavity 160, a third gear 129 is fixedly disposed at an end of the third rotating shaft 130 in the second transmission cavity 160, a rotating disc 131 is fixedly disposed at an end of the third rotating shaft 130 in the first transmission cavity 133, a swinging rod 132 is hinged to a top wall of the rotating disc 131, a second sliding hole 120 is disposed between the first transmission cavity 133 and the second cavity 101, a second sliding rod 106 slidable left and right in the second sliding hole 120, a right end of the second sliding rod 106 is hinged to a left end of the swinging rod 132, a left end of the second sliding rod 106 is fixedly connected to a right end wall of the first piston 102 slidably disposed in the second cavity 101, a one-way valve 103 is disposed in the first piston 102, a fourth cavity 104 is arranged in the left end wall of the second cavity 101, a through hole 105 is communicated between the second cavity 101 and the fourth cavity 104, a fifth cavity 155 with a right opening is arranged in the left end wall of the hot water cavity 150, a second piston 153 is slidably arranged in the fifth cavity 155, a first elastic resetting device 152 is elastically arranged between the second piston 153 and the end wall of the fifth cavity 155, a piston cavity 154 with a left opening is arranged in the left end wall of the second piston 153, through holes 156 are arranged in the upper end wall and the lower end wall of the piston cavity 154, and a radiating pipe 157 is communicated between the fifth cavity 155 and the fourth cavity 104.
Advantageously, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the temperature control device includes a fixed plate 110 that is slidable from side to side in the third cavity 109, a heated tube 107 is fixedly disposed in the left and right end walls of the third cavity 109, the left end of the heated tube 107 on the left side extends into the fourth cavity 104, the right end of the heated tube 107 on the right side extends into the second cavity 101, and a push block 108 that is fixedly connected to the fixed plate 110 is slidably disposed in the left and right heated tubes 107.
Advantageously, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the first power switching device includes a third sliding block 127 slidable left and right in the third sliding cavity 126, a first motor 128 is fixedly disposed in a top wall of the third sliding block 127, a fourth gear 158 is fixedly disposed at an upwardly extending end of an output shaft of the first motor 128, a third sliding hole 118 is disposed in communication between the third sliding cavity 126 and the third cavity 109, a third sliding rod 116 extending left and right and a fourth sliding rod 121 located at a right side of the third sliding rod 116 are slidably disposed in the third sliding hole 118, the third sliding rod 116 and the fourth sliding rod 121 are elastically connected by a first biasing spring 117, a left end of the third sliding rod 116 is fixedly connected to the fixed plate 110, and a right end of the fourth sliding rod 122 is fixedly connected to the third sliding block 127, a fourth sliding hole 112 with an upward opening is arranged in the bottom wall of the third cavity 109, a fifth sliding rod 111 is slidably arranged in the fourth sliding hole 112, a second elastic reset device 113 is elastically arranged between the end walls of the fifth sliding rod 111 and the fourth sliding hole 112, a fifth sliding hole 125 with an upward opening is formed in the bottom wall of the third sliding chamber 126, a sixth sliding rod 122 is slidably disposed in the fifth sliding hole 125, a wedge-shaped hole 123 which is through from left to right is arranged in the sixth sliding rod 122, a third elastic resetting device 124 is elastically arranged between the end walls of the sixth sliding rod 122 and the fifth sliding hole 125, a sixth sliding rod 114 is provided in the right end wall of the fourth sliding hole 112 to extend through the fifth sliding hole 125, a fourth elastic reset device 115 is elastically arranged between the sixth sliding rod 114 and the end wall of the fifth sliding hole 125.
Advantageously, as shown in fig. 1 to 3, the second power switching device includes a fourth sliding block 168 slidably disposed in the fourth sliding cavity 169, a second motor 167 is fixedly disposed in a top wall of the fourth sliding block 169, a fifth gear 165 engaged with the first gear 166 is fixedly disposed at an upwardly extending end of an output shaft of the second motor 167, a cam cavity 161 is disposed in a left end wall of the fourth sliding cavity 169, a sixth sliding hole 170 is disposed between the cam cavity 161 and the fourth sliding cavity 169 in a communicating manner, a seventh sliding rod 172 fixedly connected with the fourth sliding block 168 is slidably disposed in the sixth sliding hole 170 in a left-right manner, a fifth elastic return device is elastically disposed between the seventh sliding rod 172 and an end wall of the sixth sliding hole 170, a fourth rotating shaft 174 is rotatably disposed between the cam cavity 161 and the second transmission cavity 160, a cam 173 is fixedly arranged at the end of the fourth rotating shaft 174 in the cam cavity 161, and a sixth gear 159 engaged with the fourth gear 158 is fixedly arranged at the end of the fourth rotating shaft 174 in the second transmission cavity 160.
The applicant will now describe in detail the method of use of the photovoltaic junction device of the present application with reference to the accompanying figures 1-3 and the specific composition of the photovoltaic junction device structure of the present application described above: first, in the initial state, the first motor 128 and the second motor 167 are in a stationary state, the fifth gear 165 is engaged with the first gear 166, the fifth gear 165 is disengaged from the second gear 163, the fourth gear 158 is engaged with the sixth gear 159, and the fourth gear is disengaged from the third gear 129.
When the device works, the second motor 167 is started, the second motor 167 drives the fifth gear 165 to rotate, the fifth gear 165 drives the first gear 166 to rotate, the first gear 166 drives the first threaded rod 141 to rotate, the first threaded rod 141 drives the first sliding block 138 to move upwards, the first sliding block 138 moves upwards to drive the hinge rod 140 to push the convex lens 144 upwards, the angle of the convex lens 144 is adjusted along with the sunlight condition, so that the sunlight utilization is maximized, as the convex lens 144 collects sunlight and irradiates the heat collecting tube 146, the temperature of the liquid in the heat collecting tube 146 increases, as the temperature of the liquid in the second cavity 101 increases, the temperature in the second cavity 101 increases and drives the temperature in the heated tube 107 on the right side to increase, thereby increasing the pressure in the heated tube 107 on the right side, the pressure pushes the fixed plate 110 to move left, the fixed plate 110 moves left to move the third slide rod 116 to move left, the third slide rod 116 moves left to move the fourth slide rod 121 to move left, the fourth slide rod 121 moves left to move the third slide block 127, the third slide block 127 moves left to move the fourth gear 158 to separate from the sixth gear 159, the fourth gear 158 engages with the third gear 129, at this time, the first motor 128 is started, the first motor 128 drives the fourth gear 158 to rotate, the fourth gear 158 rotates to drive the third gear 129 to rotate, the third gear 129 rotates to drive the rotating disc 131 to rotate, the rotating disc 131 rotates to drive the swinging rod 131 to move, and thereby drives the second slide rod 106 to move left and right, the second sliding rod 106 moves left to drive the high-temperature liquid in the second cavity 102 to enter the fourth cavity 104, the second sliding rod 106 moves left to drive the liquid to extrude the second piston 153 to move right, the second piston 153 moves right to drive the liquid in the fourth cavity 104 to enter the hot water cavity 150, so as to realize water circulation, at this time, when the temperature between the second cavity 101 and the fourth cavity 104 is kept constant, the fixing plate 110 presses the fifth sliding rod 111 downwards, the fifth sliding rod 111 moves downwards to drive the sixth sliding rod 114 to move right, the sixth sliding rod 114 moves right to drive the fourth sliding rod 122 to move downwards, the fourth sliding rod 122 moves downwards, the third sliding block 127 moves right, the fourth gear 158 is engaged with the sixth gear 159, the fourth gear 158 is separated from the third gear 129, when dust is attached to the surface of the heat collecting tube 146, when the heat collecting tube 146 has a decreased heat absorbing capacity, the first motor 128 is started to rotate to drive the fourth gear 158 to rotate, the fourth gear 158 rotates to drive the sixth gear 159 to rotate, the sixth gear 159 rotates to drive the cam 173 to rotate, the cam 173 rotates to drive the seventh sliding rod 172 to move left, the seventh sliding rod 172 moves left to drive the fourth sliding block 168 to move left, the fourth sliding block 168 moves left to drive the fifth gear 165 to separate from the first gear 166, the fifth gear 165 is engaged with the second gear 163, the second motor 167 rotates to drive the fifth gear 165 to rotate, the fifth gear 165 rotates to drive the second gear 163 to rotate, the second gear 163 rotates to drive the second bevel gear 135 to rotate, the first bevel gear 136 rotates to drive the second threaded rod 180 to rotate, the second threaded rod 180 rotates to drive the second sliding block 175 to move back and forth, the second sliding block 175 moves back and forth to drive the brush fixedly mounted on the bottom wall of the second sliding block 175 to clean up dust on the heat collecting tube 146, then the first motor 128 is started to drive the fifth gear 165 to rotate, the fifth gear 165 rotates to drive the first gear 166 to rotate, the first gear 166 rotates to drive the cam 173 to press the seventh sliding rod 172 right to move, the seventh sliding rod 172 moves right to drive the fourth sliding block 168 to move right, so that the fifth gear 165 is driven to be meshed with the first gear 166, and the fifth gear 165 is separated from the second gear 163.
From the above detailed analysis it can be seen that: the equipment utilizes the power source to drive the convex lens to rotate so as to always gather the sunlight on the heat collecting tube, thereby ensuring the maximum utilization of the sunlight, simultaneously utilizing the power source to realize the cleaning of the heat collecting tube and avoiding the reduction of the heating effect caused by the dust covering of the heat collecting tube.
The device can directly convert the photovoltaic into the heat energy, reduces the energy loss in the photovoltaic conversion process and improves the conversion efficiency of the device.
Therefore, the photovoltaic wiring device is more reasonable and ingenious in overall structure, very convenient to use, capable of simultaneously realizing conversion of photovoltaic heat energy, convenient to operate and high in stability of equipment, and the heat exchange device is arranged in the equipment, capable of rapidly exchanging the heat energy indoors and realizing photovoltaic heating, and high in use and popularization values.
The above description is only an embodiment of the invention, but the scope of the invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that are not thought of through the inventive work should be included in the scope of the invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the invention should be subject to the protection scope defined by the claims.

Claims (1)

1. A photovoltaic junction box comprises a machine body and a first cavity with an upward opening, wherein the first cavity is arranged in the machine body, a convex lens is hinged and connected to the right end wall of the first cavity, a first sliding cavity with a leftward opening is arranged in the right end wall of the first cavity, a light adjusting device consisting of the convex lens is arranged in the first sliding cavity, a hot water cavity is arranged in the left end wall of the first cavity, a heat collecting tube is communicated and arranged in the right end wall of the hot water cavity, the right end of the heat collecting tube extends into the first cavity, a second sliding cavity extending forwards and backwards is arranged in the end wall of the first cavity, a cleaning device is arranged in the second sliding cavity, a first transmission cavity is arranged in the bottom wall of the first cavity, a water circulating device is arranged in the first transmission cavity, and a second cavity is arranged in the left end wall of the first, a third cavity is arranged in the bottom wall of the second cavity, a temperature control device is arranged in the third cavity, a second transmission cavity is arranged in the bottom wall of the first transmission cavity, a third sliding cavity with an upward opening is arranged in the bottom wall of the second transmission cavity, a first power switching device is arranged in the third sliding cavity, a third transmission cavity is arranged in the right side end wall of the first transmission cavity, a fourth transmission cavity is arranged in the bottom wall of the third transmission cavity, a fourth sliding cavity is arranged in the bottom wall of the fourth transmission cavity, and a second power switching device is arranged in the fourth sliding cavity; the light adjusting device comprises a first sliding block capable of sliding up and down in the first sliding cavity, a hinged rod is hinged to the left end wall of the first sliding block, one end, far away from the first sliding block, of the hinged rod is hinged to the bottom wall of the convex lens, a first threaded hole penetrating up and down is formed in the first sliding block, a first threaded rod extending up and down is connected to the first threaded hole in a threaded fit mode, the tail end of the bottom of the first threaded rod penetrates through the bottom wall of the first sliding cavity and extends into the fourth transmission cavity, a first gear is fixedly installed at the tail end of the bottom of the first threaded rod, and a reflecting plate located below the heat collecting tube is fixedly installed in the first cavity; the cleaning device comprises a second sliding block which is arranged in the second sliding cavity in a sliding manner, a first sliding hole which is through from front to back is arranged in the second sliding block, a first sliding rod which extends from front to back is connected in the first sliding hole in a sliding fit manner, the front and back ends of the front and back sides of the first sliding rod are fixedly arranged in the front and back end walls of the second sliding cavity, a second threaded hole which penetrates from front to back is arranged in the second sliding block, a second threaded rod which extends from front to back is connected in the second threaded hole in a threaded fit manner, the rear end of the second threaded rod extends into a fifth transmission cavity which is arranged in the rear end wall of the second sliding cavity, a first belt wheel is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the second threaded rod, a first rotating shaft is rotatably arranged between the fifth transmission cavity and the third transmission cavity, and a second belt wheel is fixedly arranged at the tail, the second belt wheel is in transmission fit connection with the first belt wheel through a belt, a first bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the first rotating shaft in the third transmission cavity, a second rotating shaft is rotatably arranged between the third transmission cavity and the fourth transmission cavity, a second bevel gear meshed with the first bevel gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the second rotating shaft in the third transmission cavity, and a second gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the second rotating shaft in the fourth transmission cavity; the water circulating device comprises a third rotating shaft which is rotatably arranged between the first transmission cavity and the second transmission cavity, a third gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the third rotating shaft in the second transmission cavity, a rotating disc is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the third rotating shaft in the first transmission cavity, a swinging rod is hinged on the top wall of the rotating disc, a second sliding hole is communicated between the first transmission cavity and the second cavity, a second sliding rod which can slide left and right in the second sliding hole is hinged with the right tail end of the swinging rod, the left tail end of the second sliding rod is fixedly connected with the right end wall of a first piston which is slidably arranged in the second cavity, a one-way valve is arranged in the first piston, a fourth cavity is arranged in the left end wall of the second cavity, and a through hole is communicated between the second cavity and the fourth cavity, a fifth cavity with a right opening is formed in the end wall of the left side of the hot water cavity, a second piston is slidably arranged in the fifth cavity, a first elastic reset device is elastically arranged between the second piston and the end wall of the fifth cavity, a piston cavity with a left opening is formed in the end wall of the left side of the second piston, through holes are formed in the upper end wall and the lower end wall of the piston cavity, and a radiating pipe is communicated between the fifth cavity and the fourth cavity; the temperature control device comprises a fixed plate which can slide left and right in the third cavity, a heated tube is fixedly arranged in the left end wall and the right end wall of the third cavity, the left tail end of the heated tube on the left side extends into the fourth cavity, the right tail end of the heated tube on the right side extends into the second cavity, and push blocks which are fixedly connected with the fixed plate are arranged in the left heated tube and the right heated tube in a sliding manner; the first power switching device comprises a third sliding block which can slide left and right in a third sliding cavity, a first motor is fixedly arranged in the top wall of the third sliding block, the upward extending tail end of an output shaft of the first motor is fixedly provided with a fourth gear, a third sliding hole is communicated and arranged between the third sliding cavity and the third cavity, a third sliding rod which extends left and right and a fourth sliding rod which is positioned on the right side of the third sliding rod are slidably arranged in the third sliding hole, the third sliding rod and the fourth sliding rod are elastically connected through a first jacking spring, the left tail end of the third sliding rod is fixedly connected with the fixed plate, the right tail end of the fourth sliding rod is fixedly connected with the third sliding rod, a fourth sliding hole with an upward opening is arranged in the bottom wall of the third cavity, and a fifth sliding rod is slidably arranged in the fourth sliding hole, a second elastic reset device is elastically arranged between the end wall of the fifth sliding rod and the end wall of the fourth sliding hole, a fifth sliding hole with an upward opening is arranged in the bottom wall of the third sliding cavity, a sixth sliding rod is slidably arranged in the fifth sliding hole, a wedge-shaped hole which is communicated from left to right is arranged in the sixth sliding rod, a third elastic reset device is elastically arranged between the sixth sliding rod and the end wall of the fifth sliding hole, a sixth sliding rod which penetrates through the fifth sliding hole is arranged in the end wall of the right side of the fourth sliding hole, and a fourth elastic reset device is elastically arranged between the sixth sliding rod and the end wall of the fifth sliding hole; the second power switching device comprises a fourth sliding block which is arranged in the fourth sliding cavity in a sliding way, a second motor is fixedly arranged in the top wall of the fourth sliding block, a fifth gear meshed with the first gear is fixedly arranged at the upward extending tail end of an output shaft of the second motor, a cam cavity is arranged in the left end wall of the fourth sliding cavity, a sixth sliding hole is communicated between the cam cavity and the fourth sliding cavity, a seventh sliding rod fixedly connected with the fourth sliding block is arranged in the sixth sliding hole in a left-right sliding way, a fifth elastic reset device is elastically arranged between the seventh sliding rod and the end wall of the sixth sliding hole, a fourth rotating shaft is rotatably arranged between the cam cavity and the second transmission cavity, a cam is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the fourth rotating shaft in the cam cavity, and a sixth gear meshed with the fourth gear is fixedly arranged at the tail end of the fourth rotating shaft in the second transmission cavity.
CN201910397809.5A 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 Photovoltaic junction box Active CN110332720B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107888136A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-04-06 郑州天舜电子技术有限公司 A kind of solar panels angle regulator of multistage sliding bar mechanism
CN108043762A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-18 中徽机电科技股份有限公司 A kind of cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic panel
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