CN110318672B - Multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mine - Google Patents

Multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110318672B
CN110318672B CN201910662235.XA CN201910662235A CN110318672B CN 110318672 B CN110318672 B CN 110318672B CN 201910662235 A CN201910662235 A CN 201910662235A CN 110318672 B CN110318672 B CN 110318672B
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China
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oil cylinder
seat
hinged
drill
drilling
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CN201910662235.XA
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CN110318672A (en
Inventor
赵旭峰
李志刚
王伟
靳振华
张亚明
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Shanxi Tian Ju Heavy Industry Co ltd
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Shanxi Tian Ju Heavy Industry Co ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • E21B7/021With a rotary table, i.e. a fixed rotary drive for a relatively advancing tool
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/04Directional drilling
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C35/00Details of, or accessories for, machines for slitting or completely freeing the mineral from the seam, not provided for in groups E21C25/00 - E21C33/00, E21C37/00 or E21C39/00
    • E21C35/20General features of equipment for removal of chippings, e.g. for loading on conveyor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C35/00Details of, or accessories for, machines for slitting or completely freeing the mineral from the seam, not provided for in groups E21C25/00 - E21C33/00, E21C37/00 or E21C39/00
    • E21C35/24Remote control specially adapted for machines for slitting or completely freeing the mineral
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D20/00Setting anchoring-bolts
    • E21D20/003Machines for drilling anchor holes and setting anchor bolts

Abstract

The invention relates to a multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for a coal mine, and belongs to the technical field of underground coal mine development equipment. The device consists of a walking part, a machine body part, a shovel plate part, a loading part, a control part, a guard plate part, a rear supporting part, a conveying part, an anchor drilling part, an electric system and a hydraulic system; the walking part is arranged below the machine body part, the shovel plate part is hinged to the front end of the machine body part, the loading part is hinged to the middle position above the front end of the machine body part, the operating part is arranged at the rear end of the loading part above the machine body part, the guard plate part is fixed above the machine body part, the rear supporting part is arranged at the rear of the machine body part, the conveying part is arranged in the middle of the machine body part, the anchor drill part is arranged at the left side and the right side of the machine body part, the electric system is arranged at the rear end of the right side of the machine body part, and the hydraulic system is arranged at the rear end of the left side of the machine body part. The invention has the advantages of comprehensive functions, integration of drilling, loading, anchoring, transporting, repairing the tunnel and remote control operation, rapid forming of the tunnel, improvement of the degree of mechanization, underground operation working condition and the like.

Description

Multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of underground coal mine development equipment, and particularly relates to a multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for a coal mine, which is suitable for mechanized development operation of underground rock roadways of large, medium and small coal mines.
Background
In the technical field of underground coal mine development equipment, when a whole rock roadway is tunneled in a well or a rock stratum structure encountered in the tunnelling process is broken, most of domestic coal mines adopt a blasting process, namely working procedures of hole punching, charging, blasting, manual slag discharging, supporting and re-hole punching are adopted, most of the working procedures are finished by manual operation, the labor intensity is high, the safety is poor, the operation environment is bad, the mine development efficiency is restricted to a great extent, and the roadway layout and the forming quality are influenced. Some mines with large yield use a tunneling drill carriage to solve the problem of stone drift tunneling mechanization, and are equipped with a side-dump rock loader or a raking machine to solve slag tapping mechanization, but the problems of more supporting equipment, single equipment function, low efficiency, difficulty in machine staggering, more configuration personnel, complex management and the like exist, so that the auxiliary time is too long, and the tunneling footage is influenced.
The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for the coal mine integrates functions of drilling, loading, anchoring, transporting, roadway repairing, remote control operation and the like, and is high in mechanical degree, convenient to operate, wide in application and high in applicability. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for the coal mine adopts an impact type multifunctional airborne drilling machine, and is matched with two sets of independently operated drilling arms capable of operating in parallel, so that mechanized construction operation can be carried out on various blasting holes at the head of a hard rock roadway, different positions of a roof side, anchor rods at various angles and anchor rope holes; the machine set adopts a breaking hammer combined rock breaking technology, and can smoothly load and convey broken rock by matching with the conveying action of a front-mounted bucket aggregate and medium-chain scraper conveying device, and can perform the work of expanding the upper and repairing the roadway when the blasting effect is poor; the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for the coal mine fully plays the technical advantages of electro-hydraulic control, adopts a remote wireless remote control mode, realizes remote control operation of walking and drilling arm actions, is beneficial to improving tunneling and supporting efficiency, reduces labor intensity of workers and improves working safety. The automatic drilling, loading and anchoring all-in-one machine for the coal mine is multifunctional, reduces the number of underground equipment, reduces personnel configuration, improves the tunneling efficiency of a rock roadway, and is suitable for working face working of blasting mining such as mine roadway opening, large roadway tunneling and the like.
The invention aims to solve the problems of low rock roadway drilling and anchoring efficiency, single and backward functions of matched equipment, severe mining environment, low mechanical degree, poor roadway forming quality, high labor intensity of workers, high potential safety hazard and the like, and provides a multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines, which integrates functions of drilling, loading, supporting, conveying, repairing, remote control and the like.
In order to solve the problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a multifunctional rock roadway drilling, loading and anchoring integrated machine for a coal mine consists of a walking part, a machine body part, a shovel plate part, a loading part, an operating part, a guard plate part, a rear supporting part, a conveying part, an anchor drilling part, an electrical system and a hydraulic system; the walking part is arranged below the machine body part, the shovel plate part is hinged to the front end of the machine body part, the loading part is hinged to the middle position above the front end of the machine body part, the operating part is arranged at the rear end of the loading part above the machine body part, the guard plate part is fixed above the machine body part, the rear supporting part is arranged at the rear of the machine body part, the conveying part is arranged in the middle of the machine body part, the anchor drill part is arranged at the left side and the right side of the machine body part, the electric system is arranged at the rear end of the right side of the machine body part, and the hydraulic system is arranged at the rear end of the left side of the machine body part.
Further, the walking part consists of a crawler frame, a walking part tensioning cylinder, a redirecting chain wheel, a driving chain wheel, a crawler plate, a speed reducer and a walking hydraulic motor; the track shoe is arranged at the front end and the rear end of the track frame, the track shoe surrounds between the track shoe and the drive sprocket, the speed reducer is arranged at the rear end of the track frame and is connected with the drive sprocket through an axle center, the traveling hydraulic motor is arranged on the speed reducer and rotates to drive the speed reducer to operate through the traveling hydraulic motor, so that the track shoe is driven to act, the traveling function of the traveling part is realized, the tensioning cylinder is arranged at the front end of the track frame and stretches and contracts through the tensioning cylinder, and the tensioning and loosening functions of the track of the whole traveling part are realized.
Further, the machine body part consists of a connecting beam, a platform fixing seat I, a platform fixing seat II, a platform fixing seat III, a left platform and a right platform; the connecting beam is fixed on the left walking part and the right walking part, one end of the platform fixing seat I is symmetrically arranged, the other end of the platform fixing seat I is connected with the left platform and the right platform, the other end of the platform fixing seat II is fixedly connected with the walking parts, one end of the platform fixing seat III is installed on the connecting beam, and the other end of the platform fixing seat II is connected with the bottom surfaces of the left platform and the right platform; the front ends of the left platform and the right platform are supported by the platform fixing seats I and II, the middle part is supported by the platform fixing seat III, and the rear end is fixedly connected with the rear supporting part.
Further, the shovel plate part consists of a shovel plate body, a shovel plate oil cylinder and a driven sprocket; the shovel plate body is hinged to the front end of the machine body, one end of the shovel plate oil cylinder is hinged to the machine body, the other end of the shovel plate oil cylinder is hinged to the shovel plate body, lifting of the shovel plate body is achieved through extension and retraction of the shovel plate oil cylinder, and the driven sprocket is arranged at the middle position of the front portion of the shovel plate body and matched with the driving sprocket of the conveying part, so that the function of loading and conveying materials is achieved.
Further, the loading part consists of a rotary oil cylinder, a fixed seat, a rotary seat, a lifting arm, a supporting oil cylinder, a bucket rod, a breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder, a breaking hammer, a bucket adjusting oil cylinder, a breaking hammer rocker, a connecting rod I, a connecting rod II and a bucket assembly; the rotary seat is hinged on the fixed seat, the two rotary cylinders are symmetrically arranged and are respectively arranged at the left side and the right side above the connecting beam, one end of each rotary cylinder is hinged on the connecting beam, the other end of each rotary cylinder is hinged on the rotary seat, and the rotary seat is driven to rotate left and right through the expansion and contraction of the rotary cylinders, so that the crushing and loading functions of different widths are realized; one end of the supporting oil cylinder is hinged to the rotary seat, the other end of the supporting oil cylinder is hinged to the lifting arm, and the lifting arm is driven to swing up and down through the expansion and contraction of the supporting oil cylinder, so that the crushing and loading functions of different heights are realized; one end of the bucket rod oil cylinder is hinged with the lifting arm, the other end of the bucket rod oil cylinder is hinged with the bucket rod, and the bucket rod oil cylinder stretches to drive the bucket rod to adjust up and down; one end of the breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder is hinged to the bucket rod, the other end of the breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder is hinged to the breaking hammer, different working positions of the breaking hammer are controlled through the telescopic control of the breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder, and the breaking function of the whole machine is realized by matching with an impact breaking mode of the breaking hammer; the four breaking hammer rocking bars are symmetrically arranged left and right, one end of each breaking hammer rocking bar is hinged to the bucket rod, the other end of each breaking hammer rocking bar is hinged to the breaking hammer, and the breaking hammer rocking bars, the breaking hammers and the bucket rod form a four-bar mechanism together to ensure that the breaking hammers move along a certain track; one end of the connecting rod I is hinged to the bucket rod, the other end of the connecting rod I is hinged to the connecting rod II, one end of the connecting rod II is hinged to the connecting rod I, the other end of the connecting rod II is hinged to the bucket assembly, the bucket assembly is provided with two hinge points, one hinge point is hinged to the connecting rod II, the other hinge point is hinged to the bucket rod, and the bucket rod, the connecting rod I, the connecting rod II and the bucket assembly form a four-bar mechanism together; one end of the bucket adjusting oil cylinder is hinged to the bucket rod, the other end of the bucket adjusting oil cylinder is hinged to the connecting rod II, the bucket adjusting oil cylinder stretches out and draws back through the bucket adjusting oil cylinder, the action of the connecting rod I and the action of the connecting rod II are matched, the bucket assembly is driven to retract and expand, the material collecting function is achieved, and the breaking hammer and the bucket assembly are matched with each other to achieve the breaking and repairing functions of different roadways.
Further, the control part consists of a control frame, an intrinsic safety type operation box, a seat, a mining intrinsic safety type remote control transmitter, a control handle I, a control handle II and a switching handle; the control frame is fixed at the middle position above the connecting beam, and the intrinsic safety type control box is arranged on the control frame and used for remotely controlling the starting and stopping of the motor of the electrical system; the seat is arranged on the connecting beam and positioned at the rear of the operating frame, so that operators can sit conveniently; the mining intrinsic safety type remote control transmitters are divided into two parts which are configured along with the whole machine; the control handle I is arranged below the intrinsic safety type operation box and respectively controls a traveling hydraulic motor of the traveling part, a breaking hammer of the loading part, a bucket rod rotary oil cylinder, a conveying motor of the conveying part, a shovel plate oil cylinder of the shovel plate part, a rear support oil cylinder of the rear support part and a slide plate oil cylinder of the anchor drilling part; the two control handles II are symmetrically arranged at the left side and the right side of the control handle I and respectively control a supporting oil cylinder, a bucket rod oil cylinder, a breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder and a bucket adjusting oil cylinder of the loading part; the switching handle is arranged on the side face of the operating frame and used for controlling switching of the rock breaking and anchoring hydraulic system.
Further, the backplate portion comprises light guard shield, stair, left side guard shield, motor guard shield, pump station guard shield, electric guard shield, right side guard shield and various plates, the light guard shield is totally two, installs in the front end upper position of left side guard shield and right side guard shield, plays certain guard action to the illumination lamp, and the right flank at organism portion is installed to the stair.
Further, the rear supporting part consists of a rear supporting seat, a rear supporting oil cylinder, a rear supporting and two-way connecting frame; the front end of the rear supporting seat is fixedly connected with the connecting beam, the rear end of the rear supporting seat is connected with the two-way connecting frame, and the rear supporting seat is used for supporting the conveying part, the left platform and the right platform; the rear support is hinged at the bottom of the rear support seat in a bilateral symmetry manner and is matched with the rear support oil cylinder for use, and the rear support oil cylinder stretches and contracts to drive the rear support to lift, so that a certain supporting effect is achieved on the whole unit.
Further, the conveying part consists of a chute, a sliding frame, a spraying block, a conveying motor, a transmission shaft, a driving sprocket, a tensioning cylinder and a middle chain scraper; the chute is arranged in the middle of the machine body, the front end of the chute is hinged with the shovel plate body of the shovel plate part, the rear end of the chute is supported by the rear supporting part, and the spraying block is arranged above the rear part of the chute and used for spraying and dust falling on conveyed materials; the sliding frames are arranged at the rear part of the chute, the tensioning cylinders are symmetrically arranged left and right and are arranged at two sides of the rear end of the chute, one end of each tensioning cylinder is connected with the sliding frame, the other end of each tensioning cylinder is fixed with the side surface of the chute, and the sliding frames are outwards stretched out through the tensioning cylinders to drive the sliding frames to slide backwards at the rear end of the chute, so that the tensioning action of the medium-chain scraping plate is realized; the transmission shaft is arranged on the sliding frame, the driving sprocket is arranged in the middle of the transmission shaft, the middle chain scraper is wound between the driven sprocket and the driving sprocket, the conveying motor is arranged on two sides of the sliding frame and connected with the transmission shaft, hydraulic oil provides power for the conveying motor, the conveying motor operates to drive the transmission shaft to rotate, so that the driving sprocket arranged on the transmission shaft operates, the middle chain scraper is further driven to act, and finally the function of outputting materials is realized.
Further, the two anchor drill parts are arranged on the left platform and the right platform of the machine body part in a bilateral symmetry manner; each group of anchor drilling parts consists of an oil cylinder seat, a slide plate oil cylinder, a slide seat, a guide rail, a drill boom fixing seat, a drill boom revolving seat I, an outer drill boom sleeve, a drill boom telescopic oil cylinder, an inner drill boom sleeve, a drill boom supporting oil cylinder, a supporting rod outer sleeve, a supporting rod telescopic oil cylinder, a supporting rod inner sleeve, a drill boom operating part, a drill boom revolving seat II, a swinging oil cylinder fixing plate I, a left-right rotating oil cylinder, a swinging oil cylinder fixing plate II, a front-back rotating oil cylinder, an impact type multifunctional airborne drilling machine, a drill boom revolving oil cylinder I, a turning plate device and a drill boom revolving oil cylinder II; one end of the sliding plate oil cylinder is hinged to the oil cylinder seat, the other end of the sliding plate oil cylinder is hinged to the sliding seat, and the sliding seat is driven to move back and forth along the guide rail by the telescopic action of the sliding plate oil cylinder, so that the whole drill boom device is driven to slide back and forth integrally, and various drilling constructions in the head-on blasting drilling and anchor bolt supporting operation of a hard rock roadway are smoothly realized; the oil cylinder seat and the guide rail are both arranged on the left platform and the right platform; the drill boom fixing seat is arranged on the sliding seat and can move back and forth along with the sliding seat; the drill boom revolving seat I is hinged on the drill boom fixing seat, one end of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder II is hinged with the drill boom fixing seat, the other end of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder II is hinged with the drill boom revolving seat I, and the drill boom revolving oil cylinder II stretches to drive the drill boom revolving seat I to revolve left and right, so that supporting and drilling operations in different width ranges are realized; the outer drill boom sleeve is hinged to the upper part of the drill boom revolving seat I, one end of the drill boom telescopic cylinder is hinged to the outer drill boom sleeve, the other end of the drill boom telescopic cylinder is hinged to the inner drill boom sleeve, and the outer drill boom sleeve is matched with the inner drill boom sleeve; the outer sleeve of the support rod is hinged to the lower portion of the drill boom rotary seat I, one end of the support rod telescopic oil cylinder is hinged to the outer sleeve of the support rod, the other end of the support rod telescopic oil cylinder is hinged to the inner sleeve of the support rod, and the outer sleeve of the support rod is matched with the inner sleeve of the support rod; one end of the drill boom supporting oil cylinder is hinged to the outer drill boom sleeve, the other end of the drill boom supporting oil cylinder is hinged to the drill boom revolving seat I, and the outer drill boom sleeve is driven to lift up and down through the extension and retraction of the drill boom supporting oil cylinder; the rear end of the drill boom revolving seat II is connected with an inner drill boom sleeve and a supporting rod inner sleeve, a drill boom control part is arranged above the drill boom revolving seat II, the front end of the drill boom revolving seat is hinged with a swing oil cylinder fixing plate I, and a turning plate device is arranged on the side surface of the drill boom revolving seat II; one end of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder I is hinged with the drill boom revolving seat II, the other end of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder I is hinged with the swinging oil cylinder fixing plate I, and the swinging oil cylinder fixing plate I is driven to revolve left and right by a certain angle through the expansion and contraction of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder I; the bottom ends of the left and right rotary oil cylinders are fixed on a swing oil cylinder fixing plate I, the other ends of the left and right rotary oil cylinders are connected with a swing oil cylinder fixing plate II, the left and right rotary oil cylinders can rotate left and right, the bottom ends of the front and back rotary oil cylinders are fixed on the swing oil cylinder fixing plate II, the other ends of the front and back rotary oil cylinders are connected with an impact type multifunctional airborne drilling machine, and the front and back rotary oil cylinders can rotate back and forth by 180 degrees.
Further, the impact type multifunctional airborne drilling machine comprises a positioning oil cylinder, a pushing slideway pressing block, a slideway seat, a pushing slideway, a pushing oil cylinder, a clamp holder, a drill rod support seat, a slideway top plate, a slideway pressing block, a slideway bottom plate, a forward and reverse rotation large torque transmission device, an impact type rock drilling machine, a rock drilling machine fixing plate, a fixing plate slideway pressing block, a primary oil cylinder, a secondary oil cylinder, a chain assembly and an integrated valve group; the inside of the slideway bottom plate is provided with an oil way for communicating the positioning oil cylinder and the integrated valve group; one end of the positioning oil cylinder is fixed at the lower end of the slideway bottom plate, the other end of the positioning oil cylinder is connected with the clamp holder, and an oil way connected with the clamp holder is arranged in the positioning oil cylinder; one end of the slide seat is fixed at the bottom of the slide bottom plate, the other end of the slide seat is connected with the pushing slide pressing block, one end of the pushing cylinder is connected with the slide bottom plate, the other end of the pushing cylinder is connected with the pushing slide, and the slide seat is driven to slide back and forth along the pushing cylinder through the back and forth expansion of the pushing cylinder, so that the stroke compensation function of the impact type rock drilling machine is realized; the drill rod support is inserted in the drill rod support seat, so that the drill rod is conveniently positioned; one end of the slide way top plate is connected with the drill rod supporting seat, and the other end of the slide way top plate is fixed with the slide way; the slideway and the slideway pressing block are arranged above the slideway bottom plate; one end of the primary oil cylinder is fixed on the side surface of the slideway, the other end of the primary oil cylinder is connected with the chain assembly, one end of the chain assembly is arranged in the middle position inside the slideway, the other end of the chain assembly is connected with the primary oil cylinder, and the chain assembly is driven to slide back and forth in the slideway through the back and forth expansion of the primary oil cylinder so as to realize the twice-stroke amplification function; one end of the secondary oil cylinder is fixed with the side surface of the slideway, and the other end of the secondary oil cylinder is connected with the top plate of the slideway, and the slideway is driven to slide back and forth by the back and forth expansion of the secondary oil cylinder; the slide top plate and the secondary oil cylinder are internally provided with oil ways required by the primary oil cylinder so as to realize the linkage of the primary oil cylinder and the secondary oil cylinder; the front-back long-stroke sliding of the impact rock drilling machine is realized through the combined propulsion of the primary oil cylinder and the secondary oil cylinder; the rock drilling machine fixing plate and the fixing plate slideway pressing block are arranged above the slideway, one end of the rock drilling machine fixing plate is fixedly connected with the chain assembly, and the other end of the rock drilling machine fixing plate is fixedly arranged with the impact rock drilling machine; the forward and reverse rotation large torque transmission device is arranged at the front end of the rock drilling machine, and achieves the large torque transmission function in the processes of impact drilling and drill rod propulsion.
Further, the clamp holder consists of a clamp holder frame, a clamp arm, a clamp cylinder, a connecting rod and a clamp seat; the clamp holder frame is fixed at the front end of the positioning oil cylinder, and an oil way required by the clamping oil cylinder is arranged in the clamp holder frame; the two clamping arms are respectively and symmetrically arranged in the clamping device frame; the two connecting rods are symmetrically arranged left and right, one end of each connecting rod is connected with the clamping arm, and the other end of each connecting rod is connected with the clamping oil cylinder; the two clamping seats are symmetrically arranged in a left-right mode and are arranged at the end positions of the clamping arms; one end of the clamping oil cylinder is fixed on the clamping device frame, the other end of the clamping oil cylinder is connected with the connecting rod, the clamping oil cylinder stretches up and down, the clamping arm is driven to move through the connecting rod, the clamping seat is opened and closed, and therefore the purpose of mechanically disassembling the drill rod by the clamping device is achieved.
The positive and negative rotation large torque transmission device consists of a drill shank, a reducer sleeve, a hexagonal connecting sleeve and an elastic retainer ring for a shaft, wherein a first outer hexagon and a second outer hexagon are respectively arranged on the outer walls of the drill shank and the reducer sleeve, an inner hexagon I with a through length is axially arranged in the hexagonal connecting sleeve, the first outer hexagon and the second outer hexagon arranged on the outer walls of the drill shank and the reducer sleeve are sleeved in the inner hexagon I on the inner surface of the hexagonal connecting sleeve, one end of the drill shank is connected with a drilling machine, the other end of the drill shank is provided with a left-hand wave-shaped female thread and is matched with a wave-shaped male thread at one end of the reducer sleeve, and the inner cavity of the drill shank is provided with a cooling water channel so as to facilitate cooling water to pass through; the middle part of the reducer sleeve is provided with a mounting groove of the elastic check ring for the shaft, the elastic check ring for the shaft is arranged in the mounting groove, and the elastic check ring for the shaft plays a limiting role on the hexagonal connecting sleeve in the axial direction so as to prevent the hexagonal connecting sleeve from moving in the axial direction.
Further, an inner hexagonal II is also arranged in the inner cavity at the other end of the reducer sleeve, so that the reducer sleeve is convenient to connect with a drill rod.
The electrical system adopts an explosion-proof and intrinsically safe switch box, is provided with an intrinsically safe operation box, a remote control receiver, a remote control transmitter and the like, and has a fault memory function, a remote control function and a synchronous display function of an operation box liquid crystal screen and the switch box. The mining flameproof and intrinsically safe switch box is arranged at the rear side position above the right platform of the machine body part, and the oil pump motor of the unit is started and stopped by the intrinsically safe operation box. The whole electrical system has the characteristics of novel design concept, full protection function, strong display function, high reliability and the like.
The hydraulic system consists of a hydraulic plunger pump, an oil tank, an oil absorption filter, an oil return filter, a hydraulic motor, various oil cylinders, various oil pipe assemblies, a rubber pipe assembly, a joint, a sealing piece, a pressure gauge and the like. One end of the hydraulic plunger pump is connected with a motor arranged on the platform through an output shaft, the other end of the hydraulic plunger pump is connected with an oil tank through an oil suction pipe assembly, an oil suction filter and an oil return filter are arranged on the oil tank, and a cooler communicated with the oil suction filter and the oil return filter is arranged between the oil suction filter and the oil return filter.
By adopting the technical scheme, the invention improves the existing rock roadway blasting process and operation mode, has comprehensive equipment functions, integrates drilling, loading, anchoring, transportation, roadway repairing and remote control operation, fully combines the advantages of an impact rock drilling technology, a breaking hammer combined rock breaking technology and an automatic remote control technology, enables a roadway to be rapidly formed, is provided with two drilling arm devices on a unit, can also carry out mechanical supporting operation on the rock roadway after breaking and loading are completed, improves the mechanical degree and underground operation working condition, reduces personnel configuration, and is a preferred equipment for realizing high quality, safety and high efficiency of hard rock roadway tunneling supporting in China at present.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1. one machine has multiple functions and high operation efficiency.
(1) The impact type multifunctional machine-mounted drilling machine is adopted to carry out construction operation on various drilling holes in hard rock roadway blasting drilling and anchor rod and anchor rope supporting, and has the advantages of flexible operation, convenience in control, high working efficiency, high drilling speed, good operation environment and the like;
(2) When the rock roadway tunneling blasting effect is poor, the breaking hammer combined rock breaking technology is adopted to repair or expand the roadway, the broken stone falling down is loaded on the shovel plate by matching with the aggregate function of the excavator bucket, and the broken stone is transported out by utilizing the conveying device, so that the whole process is continuous, quick, efficient and high in mechanical degree, the labor intensity is reduced, and the personnel configuration is reduced;
(3) Two sets of drill arm devices capable of being operated independently are adopted, and through rotation of the drill arm and 360-degree rotation of the drill arm support matched with the propeller, anchor rods and anchor cable holes with different heights and different angles of various blasting drilling holes at the head on and the top wall can be positioned, so that the flexibility of the unit is improved.
(4) The wireless remote control technology is adopted to remotely control the unit walking and the drilling arm movement, so that the technical level of rock roadway equipment is improved, the tunneling footage of the rock roadway is greatly improved, and a foundation is laid for realizing high-quality, safe and efficient tunneling of the coal mine.
2. Stable performance and high reliability.
(1) The hydraulic system adopts a load sensitive control system, so that the energy consumption is reduced, the possibility of thermal failure of the system is eliminated, and the service life of the sealing element is greatly prolonged;
(2) The conveying device is directly driven by a high-torque hydraulic motor, so that fault links are reduced, the scraping plates are single-chain middle scraping plates, the carrying capacity is high, the conveying device is safe and reliable, and the occurrence of chain blocking and chain breakage is reduced;
(3) The main hydraulic elements and the electric elements are brand products and are developed and designed together with a supplier;
(4) The fully-closed oil tank and the oil inlet and return two-stage oil filter are adopted, so that the cleanliness of oil in a hydraulic system can be effectively ensured, and the running stability of a unit is improved;
(5) Advanced processing equipment, management mode and inspection means are adopted to ensure the quality of products from multiple layers.
3. The adaptability is strong: the invention can be used for working on a rock roadway tunneling working face, and can also be used in tunnels such as railway, highway, hydraulic engineering and the like. The functions of drilling, installing, anchoring, transporting, repairing the tunnel and the like can be realized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the running gear of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a top view of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the body of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a top view of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the blade portion of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a top view of FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the utility loading part;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the steering section structure of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a top view of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the structure of the guard plate portion of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a top view of FIG. 12;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the structure of the rear support of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the structure of the conveying section of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a top view of FIG. 15;
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the structure of the anchor drilling portion of the present invention;
FIG. 18 is a top view of FIG. 17;
FIGS. 19 and 20 are schematic views of the impact type multifunctional on-board drilling machine according to the present invention;
Fig. 21 is a schematic view of the gripper structure of the impact type multifunctional on-board drilling machine of fig. 19.
FIG. 22 is a schematic illustration of a positive and negative torque transmitting device according to the present invention;
FIG. 23 is an internal cross-sectional view of FIG. 22;
FIG. 24 is a schematic view of a bit shank configuration of a positive and negative rotation high torque transfer device of the present invention;
FIG. 25 is a schematic view of a reducer sleeve of a positive and negative high torque transmission device of the present invention;
fig. 26 is a schematic diagram of a hexagonal connecting sleeve structure of a positive and negative rotation high torque transmission device of the present invention.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for a coal mine in the embodiment is composed of eleven parts, namely a walking part 1, a machine body part 2, a shovel plate part 3, a loading part 4, a control part 5, a guard plate part 6, a rear supporting part 7, a conveying part 8, an anchor drilling part 9, an electric system 10 and a hydraulic system 11; the walking part 1 is arranged below the machine body 2, the shovel plate part 3 is hinged at the front end of the machine body 2, the loading part 4 is hinged at the middle position above the front end of the machine body 2, the operating part 5 is arranged at the rear end of the loading part 4 above the machine body 2, the guard plate part 6 is fixed above the machine body 2, the rear supporting part 7 is arranged at the rear of the machine body 2, the conveying part 8 is arranged in the middle of the machine body 2, the anchor drill part 9 is arranged at the left side and the right side of the machine body 2, the electric system 10 is arranged at the rear end of the right side of the machine body 2, and the hydraulic system 11 is arranged at the rear end of the left side of the machine body 2.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the walking part 1 consists of a crawler frame 1-1, a walking part tensioning cylinder 1-2, a redirecting chain wheel 1-3, a driving chain wheel 1-4, a crawler plate 1-5, a speed reducer 1-6 and a walking hydraulic motor 1-7; the crawler belt conveyor device is characterized in that the redirecting chain wheel 1-3 and the driving chain wheel 1-4 are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the crawler belt frame 1-1, the crawler belt plate 1-5 surrounds between the redirecting chain wheel 1-3 and the driving chain wheel 1-4, the speed reducer 1-6 is arranged at the rear end of the crawler belt frame 1-1 and is connected with the driving chain wheel 1-4 through an axle center, the traveling hydraulic motor 1-7 is arranged on the speed reducer 1-6, the traveling hydraulic motor 1-7 rotates to drive the speed reducer 1-6 to operate, so that the crawler belt plate 1-5 is driven to act, the traveling function of the traveling part 1 is realized, the tensioning oil cylinder 1-2 is arranged at the front end of the crawler belt frame 1-1, and the tensioning and loosening functions of the crawler belt of the whole traveling part are realized through the stretching of the tensioning oil cylinder 1-2.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the body 2 is composed of a connecting beam 2-1, a platform fixing seat i 2-2, a platform fixing seat ii 2-3, a platform fixing seat iii 2-4, a left platform 2-5 and a right platform 2-6; the connecting beam 2-1 is fixed on the left walking part 1 and the right walking part 1, the platform fixing seats I2-2 are symmetrically arranged, one end of each platform fixing seat I2-2 is connected with the left platform 2-5 and the right platform 2-6, the other end of each platform fixing seat II 2-3 is fixedly connected with the walking part 1, one end of each platform fixing seat III 2-4 is installed on the connecting beam 2-1, and the other end of each platform fixing seat II 2-3 is connected with the bottom surfaces of the left platform 2-5 and the right platform 2-6; the front ends of the left platform 2-5 and the right platform 2-6 are supported by the platform fixing seats I2-2 and II 2-3, the middle part is supported by the platform fixing seat III 2-4, the rear end is fixedly connected with the rear supporting part 7, and the connecting area is large and the support is reliable.
As shown in fig. 7 and 8, the shovel plate part 3 consists of a shovel plate body 3-1, a shovel plate oil cylinder 3-2 and a driven sprocket 3-3; the shovel plate body 3-1 is hinged to the front end of the machine body part 2, one end of the shovel plate oil cylinder 3-2 is hinged to the machine body part 2, the other end of the shovel plate oil cylinder 3-2 is hinged to the shovel plate body 3-1, lifting of the shovel plate body 3 is achieved through extension and retraction of the shovel plate oil cylinder 3-2, and the driven sprocket 3-3 is arranged in the middle position of the front portion of the shovel plate body 3-1 and is matched with the driving sprocket 8-6 of the conveying part 8, so that the function of loading and conveying materials is achieved.
As shown in fig. 9, the loading part 4 is composed of a rotary cylinder 4-1, a fixed seat 4-2, a rotary seat 4-3, a lifting arm 4-4, a supporting cylinder 4-5, a bucket rod cylinder 4-6, a bucket rod 4-7, a breaking hammer adjusting cylinder 4-8, a breaking hammer 4-9, a bucket adjusting cylinder 4-10, a breaking hammer rocker 4-11, a connecting rod I4-12, a connecting rod II 4-13 and a bucket assembly 4-14; the fixed seat 4-2 is arranged on the connecting beam 2-1, the rotary seat 4-3 is hinged on the fixed seat 4-2, the two rotary cylinders 4-1 are symmetrically arranged and respectively arranged on the left side and the right side above the connecting beam 2-1, one end of each rotary cylinder 4-1 is hinged on the connecting beam 2-1, the other end is hinged on the rotary seat 4-3, and the rotary seat 4-2 is driven to rotate left and right by the expansion and contraction of the rotary cylinders 4-1, so that the crushing and loading functions of different widths are realized; one end of the supporting oil cylinder 4-5 is hinged on the rotary seat 4-3, the other end of the supporting oil cylinder is hinged on the lifting arm 4-4, and the lifting arm 4-4 is driven to swing up and down through the extension and retraction of the supporting oil cylinder 4-5, so that the crushing and loading functions of different heights are realized; one end of the bucket rod oil cylinder 4-6 is hinged with the lifting arm 4-4, the other end of the bucket rod oil cylinder is hinged with the bucket rod 4-7, and the bucket rod oil cylinder 4-6 stretches to drive the bucket rod 4-7 to adjust up and down; one end of the breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder 4-8 is hinged on the bucket rod 4-7, the other end of the breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder is hinged with the breaking hammer 4-9, different working positions of the breaking hammer 4-9 are controlled through the telescopic of the breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder 4-8, and the breaking function of the whole machine is realized by matching with an impact breaking mode of the breaking hammer 4-9; the four breaking hammer rocking bars 4-11 are symmetrically arranged left and right, one end of each breaking hammer rocking bar 4-11 is hinged on the bucket rod 4-7, the other end of each breaking hammer rocking bar is hinged with the breaking hammer 4-9, the breaking hammer rocking bars 4-11, the breaking hammer 4-9 and the bucket rod 4-7 form a four-bar linkage together, and the breaking hammer 4-9 is ensured to move along a certain track; one end of the connecting rod I4-12 is hinged to the bucket rod 4-7, the other end of the connecting rod I4-12 is hinged to the connecting rod II 4-13, one end of the connecting rod II 4-13 is hinged to the connecting rod I4-12, the other end of the connecting rod II 4-13 is hinged to the bucket assembly 4-14, the bucket assembly 4-14 is provided with two hinge points, one hinge point is hinged to the connecting rod II 4-13, the other hinge point is hinged to the bucket rod 4-7, and the bucket rod 4-7, the connecting rod I4-12, the connecting rod II 4-13 and the bucket assembly 4-14 form a four-bar mechanism together; one end of the bucket adjusting oil cylinder 4-10 is hinged to the bucket rod 4-7, the other end of the bucket adjusting oil cylinder is hinged to the connecting rod II 4-13, the bucket adjusting oil cylinder 4-10 stretches and contracts to cooperate with the connecting rods I4-12 and II 4-13 to drive the bucket assembly 4-14 to retract and expand, the material collecting function is achieved, and the breaking hammer 4-9 and the bucket assembly 4-14 cooperate with each other to achieve different roadway breaking and repairing functions.
As shown in fig. 10 and 11, the operating part 5 consists of an operating frame 5-1, an intrinsic safety type operating box 5-2, a seat 5-3, a mining intrinsic safety type remote control transmitter 5-4, an operating handle I5-5, an operating handle II 5-6 and a switching handle 5-7; the operation frame 5-1 is fixed at the middle position above the connecting beam 2-1, and the intrinsic safety type operation box 5-2 is arranged on the operation frame 5-1 and used for remotely controlling the starting and stopping of the motor of the electric system 10; the seat 5-3 is arranged on the connecting beam 2-1 and is positioned behind the operating frame 5-1, so that operators can conveniently take the seat; the mining intrinsic safety type remote control transmitters 5-4 are divided into two and are configured along with the whole machine; the control handle I5-5 is arranged below the intrinsic safety type operation box 5-2 and respectively controls a traveling hydraulic motor 1-7 of the traveling part 1, a breaking hammer 4-9 of the loading part 4, a bucket rod rotary cylinder 4-1, a conveying motor 8-4 of the conveying part 8, a shovel plate cylinder 3-2 of the shovel plate part 3, a rear support cylinder 7-2 of the rear support part 7 and a slide plate cylinder 9-2 of the anchor drilling part 9; the two control handles II 5-6 are symmetrically arranged at the left side and the right side of the control handle I5-5, and respectively control the supporting oil cylinder 4-5, the bucket rod oil cylinder 4-6, the breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder 4-8 and the bucket adjusting oil cylinder 4-10 of the loading part 4; a switching handle 5-7 is mounted on the side of the handling frame 5-1 for controlling switching of the rock breaking and anchoring hydraulic system 10.
As shown in fig. 12 and 13, the guard plate portion 6 is composed of two illuminating lamp shields 6-1, two stairways 6-2, two left side shields 6-3, two motor shields 6-4, two pump station shields 6-5, two electric shields 6-6, two right side shields 6-7 and various plates 6-8, the illuminating lamp shields 6-1 are arranged at the upper positions of the front ends of the left side shields 6-3 and the right side shields 6-7, a certain protection effect is achieved on the illuminating lamps, the stairways 6-2 are arranged on the right side face of the machine body portion 2, the machine is convenient for operators to go up and down, the whole guard plates are organically combined together, the layout is reasonable, firm and reliable, the electric and hydraulic parts of the whole machine are protected from external damage, the station positions of the personnel are convenient, and the machine set is convenient to disassemble and overhaul.
As shown in fig. 14, the rear supporting part 7 is composed of a rear supporting seat 7-1, a rear supporting cylinder 7-2, a rear supporting seat 7-3 and a two-way connecting frame 7-4; the front end of the rear supporting seat 7-1 is fixedly connected with the connecting beam 2-1, the rear end of the rear supporting seat 7-1 is connected with the two-way connecting frame 7-4, and the rear supporting seat 7-1 is used for supporting the conveying part 8, the left platform 2-5 and the right platform 2-6; the rear support 7-3 is hinged at the bottom of the rear support seat 7-1 in a bilateral symmetry manner and is matched with the rear support oil cylinder 7-2 for use, and the rear support oil cylinder 7-2 stretches and contracts to drive the rear support 7-3 to lift, so that a certain supporting effect is achieved on the whole unit.
As shown in fig. 15 and 16, the conveying part 8 consists of a chute 8-1, a sliding frame 8-2, a spraying block 8-3, a conveying motor 8-4, a transmission shaft 8-5, a driving sprocket 8-6, a tensioning cylinder 8-7 and a middle chain scraper 8-8; the chute 8-1 is arranged in the middle of the machine body part 2, the front end of the chute 8-1 is hinged with the shovel plate body 3-1 of the shovel plate part 3, the rear end of the chute is supported by the rear supporting part 7, and the spraying block 8-3 is arranged above the rear part of the chute 8-1 and is used for spraying and dust falling to the conveyed materials; the sliding frames 8-2 are arranged at the rear part of the chute 8-1, the two tensioning cylinders 8-7 are symmetrically arranged left and right and are arranged at two sides of the rear end of the chute 8-1, one end of each tensioning cylinder 8-7 is connected with the sliding frame 8-2, the other end of each tensioning cylinder is fixed with the side surface of the chute 8-1, and the sliding frame 8-2 is driven to slide backwards at the rear end of the chute 8-1 by extending outwards through the tensioning cylinder 8-7, so that the tensioning action of the medium chain scraper 8-8 is realized; the transmission shaft 8-5 is arranged on the sliding frame 8-2, the driving chain wheel 8-6 is arranged in the middle of the transmission shaft 8-5, the middle chain scraping plate 8-8 is wound between the driven chain wheel 3-3 and the driving chain wheel 8-6, the conveying motor 8-4 is arranged on two sides of the sliding frame 8-2 and is connected with the transmission shaft 8-5, hydraulic oil provides power for the conveying motor 8-4, the conveying motor 8-4 operates to drive the transmission shaft 8-5 to rotate, so that the driving chain wheel 8-6 arranged on the transmission shaft 8-5 operates, the middle chain scraping plate 8-8 is further driven to act, and finally the function of outputting materials is realized.
As shown in fig. 17 and 18, the two groups of anchor drill parts 9 are symmetrically arranged on the left platform 2-5 and the right platform 2-6 of the machine body part 2; each group of anchor drilling parts 9 consists of an oil cylinder seat 9-1, a slide plate oil cylinder 9-2, a slide plate seat 9-3, a guide rail 9-4, a drill boom fixing seat 9-5, a drill boom rotary seat I9-6, an outer drill boom sleeve 9-7, a drill boom telescopic oil cylinder 9-8, an inner drill boom sleeve 9-9, a drill boom support oil cylinder 9-10, a support rod outer sleeve 9-11, a support rod telescopic oil cylinder 9-12, a support rod inner sleeve 9-13, a drill boom operating part 9-14, a drill boom rotary seat II 9-15, a swing oil cylinder fixing plate I9-16, a left and right rotary oil cylinder 9-17, a swing oil cylinder fixing plate II 9-18, a front and back rotary oil cylinder 9-19, an impact type multifunctional machine-mounted drilling machine 9-20, a drill boom rotary oil cylinder I9-21, a turning plate device 9-22 and a drill boom rotary oil cylinder II 9-23; one end of the slide plate oil cylinder 9-2 is hinged to the oil cylinder seat 9-1, the other end of the slide plate oil cylinder 9-2 is hinged to the slide seat 9-3, and the slide seat 9-3 is driven to move back and forth along the guide rail 9-4 by means of the telescopic action of the slide plate oil cylinder 9-2, so that the whole drill boom device is driven to slide back and forth integrally, and various drilling constructions in head-on blasting drilling and anchor bolt supporting operations of a hard rock roadway are smoothly realized; the oil cylinder seat 9-1 and the guide rail 9-4 are arranged on the left platform 2-5 and the right platform 2-6; the drill boom fixing seat 9-5 is arranged on the sliding seat 9-3 and can move back and forth along with the sliding seat 9-3; the drill boom revolving seat I9-6 is hinged to the drill boom fixed seat 9-5, one end of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder II 9-23 is hinged to the drill boom fixed seat 9-5, the other end of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder II is hinged to the drill boom revolving seat I9-6, and the drill boom revolving seat I9-6 is driven to revolve left and right through the telescopic operation of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder II 9-23, so that the supporting and drilling operations in different width ranges are realized; the outer drill boom sleeve 9-7 is hinged to the upper part of the drill boom revolving seat I9-6, one end of the drill boom telescopic cylinder 9-8 is hinged to the outer drill boom sleeve 9-7, the other end of the drill boom telescopic cylinder is hinged to the inner drill boom sleeve 9-9, and the outer drill boom sleeve 9-7 is matched with the inner drill boom sleeve 9-9; the outer sleeve 9-11 of the support rod is hinged to the lower portion of the drill boom revolving seat I9-6, one end of the telescopic oil cylinder 9-12 of the support rod is hinged to the outer sleeve 9-11 of the support rod, the other end of the telescopic oil cylinder is hinged to the inner sleeve 9-13 of the support rod, and the outer sleeve 9-11 of the support rod is matched with the inner sleeve 9-13 of the support rod; one end of the drill boom support oil cylinder 9-10 is hinged to the outer drill boom sleeve 9-7, the other end of the drill boom support oil cylinder is hinged to the drill boom rotary seat I9-6, and the outer drill boom sleeve 9-7 is driven to lift up and down through the extension and retraction of the drill boom support oil cylinder 9-10; the rear end of the drill boom revolving seat II 9-15 is connected with the inner drill boom sleeve 9-9 and the supporting rod inner sleeve 9-13, the drill boom operating part 9-14 is arranged above the drill boom revolving seat, the front end of the drill boom revolving seat is hinged with the swing oil cylinder fixing plate I9-16, and the side surface of the drill boom revolving seat is provided with a turning plate device 9-22; one end of the drill boom revolving cylinder I9-21 is hinged with the drill boom revolving seat II 9-15, the other end is hinged with the swinging cylinder fixing plate I9-16, and the swinging cylinder fixing plate I9-16 is driven to revolve left and right for a certain angle through the extension and retraction of the drill boom revolving cylinder I9-21; the bottom ends of the left and right rotary oil cylinders 9-17 are fixed on a swinging oil cylinder fixing plate I9-16, the other ends are connected with a swinging oil cylinder fixing plate II 9-18, the left and right rotary oil cylinders can rotate left and right by 180 degrees, the bottom ends of the front and back rotary oil cylinders are fixed on the swinging oil cylinder fixing plate II 9-18, the other ends are connected with an impact type multifunctional on-board drilling machine 9-20, and the front and back rotary oil cylinders can rotate front and back by 180 degrees.
As shown in fig. 19 and 20, the impact type multifunctional machine-mounted drilling machine 9-20 comprises a positioning oil cylinder 9-20-1, a pushing slide pressing block 9-20-2, a slide seat 9-20-3, a pushing slide 9-20-4, a pushing oil cylinder 9-20-5, a clamp holder 9-20-6, a drill rod supporting 9-20-7, a drill rod supporting seat 9-20-8, a slide top plate 9-20-9, a slide 9-20-10, a slide pressing block 9-20-11, a slide bottom plate 9-20-12, a positive and negative rotation large torque transmission device 13, an impact type rock drilling machine 14, a rock drilling machine fixing plate 15, a fixing plate slide pressing block 16, a primary oil cylinder 17, a secondary oil cylinder 18, a chain assembly 19 and an integrated valve group 20; the inside of the slideway bottom plate 9-20-12 is provided with a positioning oil cylinder 9-20-1 and an oil way which is communicated with the integrated valve group 20; one end of the positioning oil cylinder 9-20-1 is fixed at the lower end of the slideway bottom plate 9-20-12, the other end of the positioning oil cylinder is connected with the clamp holder 9-20-6, and an oil way connected with the clamp holder 9-20-6 is arranged in the positioning oil cylinder 9-20-1; one end of the slide seat 9-20-3 is fixed at the bottom of the slide bottom plate 9-20-12, the other end of the slide seat is connected with the pushing slide pressing block 9-20-2, one end of the pushing cylinder 9-20-5 is connected with the slide bottom plate 9-20-12, the other end of the pushing cylinder is connected with the pushing slide 9-20-4, and the slide seat 9-20-3 is driven to slide back and forth along the pushing slide 9-20-4 by the front and back expansion of the pushing cylinder 9-20-5, so that the stroke compensation function of the impact type rock drilling machine 14 is realized; the drill rod support 9-20-7 is inserted into the drill rod support seat 9-20-8, so that the drill rod is conveniently positioned; one end of the slideway top plate 9-20-9 is connected with the drill rod supporting seat 9-20-8, and the other end is fixed with the slideway 9-20-10; the slideway 9-20-10 and the slideway pressing block 9-20-11 are arranged above the slideway bottom plate 12; one end of the primary oil cylinder 17 is fixed on the side surface of the slideway 9-20-10, the other end of the primary oil cylinder 17 is connected with the chain assembly 19, one end of the chain assembly 19 is arranged in the middle position inside the slideway 9-20-10, the other end of the chain assembly 19 is connected with the primary oil cylinder 17, and the chain assembly 19 is driven to slide back and forth in the slideway 9-20-10 through the back and forth expansion of the primary oil cylinder 17 so as to realize a double-stroke amplification function; one end of the secondary oil cylinder 18 is fixed with the side surface of the slideway 9-20-10, the other end is connected with the slideway top plate 9-20-9, and the slideway 9-20-10 is driven to slide forwards and backwards by the front and back expansion of the secondary oil cylinder 18; the slide top plates 9-20-9 and the secondary oil cylinder 18 are internally provided with oil ways required by the primary oil cylinder 17 so as to realize the linkage of the primary oil cylinder 17 and the secondary oil cylinder 18; the front-back long-stroke sliding of the impact type rock drilling machine 14 is realized through the combined propulsion of the primary oil cylinder 17 and the secondary oil cylinder 18; the rock drilling machine fixing plate 15 and the fixing plate slideway pressing block 16 are arranged above the slideways 9-20-10, one end of the rock drilling machine fixing plate 15 is fixedly connected with the chain assembly 19, and the other end of the rock drilling machine fixing plate is fixedly arranged with the impact rock drilling machine 14; the positive and negative rotation large torque transmission device 13 is arranged at the front end of the rock drilling machine 14, and realizes the large torque transmission function in the processes of impact drilling and drill rod propulsion.
As shown in fig. 21, the clamp 9-20-6 consists of a clamp frame 21, a clamp arm 22, a clamp cylinder 23, a connecting rod 24 and a clamp seat 25; the clamp holder frame 21 is fixed at the front end of the positioning oil cylinder 9-20-1, and an oil way required by the clamp cylinder 23 is arranged in the clamp holder frame 21; the two clamping arms 22 are respectively and symmetrically arranged in the clamping device frame 21; the two connecting rods 24 are symmetrically arranged left and right, one end of each connecting rod 24 is connected with the clamping arm 22, and the other end is connected with the clamping oil cylinder 23; the two clamping seats 25 are symmetrically arranged at the left and right and are arranged at the end part of the clamping arm 22; one end of a clamping oil cylinder 23 is fixed on the clamp holder frame 21, the other end of the clamping oil cylinder 23 is connected with a connecting rod 24, the clamping oil cylinder 23 stretches up and down, the connecting rod 24 drives a clamping arm 22 to move, and a clamping seat 25 is opened and closed, so that the purpose of mechanically disassembling a drill rod by the clamp holder 9-20-6 is achieved.
As shown in fig. 22 to 26, the positive and negative rotation large torque transmission device 13 is composed of a drill shank 13-1, a reducer sleeve 13-2, a hexagonal connecting sleeve 13-3 and a shaft circlip 13-4, wherein a first external hexagonal 13-6 and a second external hexagonal 13-9 are respectively arranged on the outer walls of the drill shank 13-1 and the reducer sleeve 13-2, an inner hexagonal 13-12 with the through length is axially arranged in the hexagonal connecting sleeve 13-3, a first external hexagonal 13-6 and a second external hexagonal 13-9 arranged on the outer walls of the drill shank 13-1 and the reducer sleeve 13-2 are sleeved in an inner hexagonal I13-12 on the inner surface of the hexagonal connecting sleeve 13-3, one end of the drill shank 13-1 is connected with a drilling machine, the other end of the drill shank is provided with a left-handed wave-shaped female thread 13-7 and is matched with a wave-shaped male thread 13-8 on one end of the reducer sleeve 13-2, and the inner cavity of the drill shank 13-1 is provided with a cooling water channel 13-5, so that cooling water can conveniently pass through; the middle part of the reducer sleeve 13-2 is provided with a mounting groove 13-10 of the shaft elastic retainer ring 13-4, the shaft elastic retainer ring 13-4 is arranged in the mounting groove 13-10, and the hexagonal connecting sleeve 13-3 is limited in the axial direction, so that the hexagonal connecting sleeve 13-3 is prevented from moving in the axial direction. An inner hexagonal II 13-11 is also arranged in the inner cavity of the other end of the reducer sleeve 13-2, so that the reducer sleeve is convenient to connect with a drill rod.
The electrical system 10 adopts an explosion-proof and intrinsically safe switch box, is provided with an intrinsically safe operation box, a remote control receiver, a remote control transmitter and the like, and has a fault memory function, a remote control function and a synchronous display function of an operation box liquid crystal screen and the switch box. The mining flameproof and intrinsically safe switch box is arranged at the rear side position above the right platform 2-6 of the machine body part 2, and the oil pump motor of the unit is started and stopped by the intrinsically safe operation box. The whole electrical system has the characteristics of novel design concept, full protection function, strong display function, high reliability and the like.
The hydraulic system 11 is composed of a hydraulic plunger pump, an oil tank, an oil absorption filter, an oil return filter, a hydraulic motor, various oil cylinders, various oil pipe assemblies, a rubber pipe assembly, a joint, a sealing piece, a pressure gauge and the like. One end of the hydraulic plunger pump is connected with a motor arranged on the platform through an output shaft, the other end of the hydraulic plunger pump is connected with an oil tank through an oil suction pipe assembly, an oil suction filter and an oil return filter are arranged on the oil tank, and a cooler communicated with the oil suction filter and the oil return filter is arranged between the oil suction filter and the oil return filter.

Claims (12)

1. A multi-functional rock dril bores dress anchor all-in-one for colliery, characterized by: the device consists of eleven parts, namely a walking part (1), a machine body part (2), a shovel plate part (3), a loading part (4), a control part (5), a guard plate part (6), a rear supporting part (7), a conveying part (8), an anchor drilling part (9), an electric system (10) and a hydraulic system (11); the walking part (1) is arranged below the machine body part (2), the shovel plate part (3) is hinged at the front end of the machine body part (2), the loading part (4) is hinged at the middle position above the front end of the machine body part (2), the operating part (5) is arranged at the rear end of the loading part (4) above the machine body part (2), the guard plate part (6) is fixed above the machine body part (2), the rear supporting part (7) is arranged at the rear of the machine body part (2), the conveying part (8) is arranged in the middle of the machine body part (2), the anchor drill part (9) is arranged at the left side and the right side of the machine body part (2), the electric system (10) is arranged at the rear end of the right side of the machine body part (2), and the hydraulic system (11) is arranged at the rear end of the left side of the machine body part (2);
The walking part (1) consists of a crawler frame (1-1), a walking part tensioning cylinder (1-2), a redirecting chain wheel (1-3), a driving chain wheel (1-4), a crawler plate (1-5), a speed reducer (1-6) and a walking hydraulic motor (1-7); the crawler belt tensioning device comprises a crawler belt frame (1-1), a speed reducer (1-6), a speed reducer (1-7), a speed reducer (1-6) and a traveling hydraulic motor (1-7), wherein the speed reducer (1-3) and the driving sprocket (1-4) are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the crawler belt frame (1-1), the front end and the rear end of the crawler belt frame (1-1) are respectively surrounded by the crawler belt frame (1-3) and the driving sprocket (1-4), the speed reducer (1-6) is arranged at the rear end of the crawler belt frame (1-1) and connected with the driving sprocket (1-4) through an axle center, the traveling hydraulic motor (1-7) is arranged on the speed reducer (1-6) and drives the speed reducer (1-6) to rotate through the traveling hydraulic motor (1-7), so that the crawler belt plate (1-5) is driven to act, the traveling function of the traveling part (1) is realized, the tensioning oil cylinder (1-2) is arranged at the front end of the crawler belt frame (1-1).
The loading part (4) consists of a rotary oil cylinder (4-1), a fixed seat (4-2), a rotary seat (4-3), a lifting arm (4-4), a supporting oil cylinder (4-5), a bucket rod oil cylinder (4-6), a bucket rod (4-7), a breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder (4-8), a breaking hammer (4-9), a bucket adjusting oil cylinder (4-10), a breaking hammer rocker (4-11), a connecting rod I (4-12), a connecting rod II (4-13) and a bucket assembly (4-14); the fixed seat (4-2) is arranged on the connecting beam (2-1), the rotary seat (4-3) is hinged on the fixed seat (4-2), the two rotary cylinders (4-1) are symmetrically arranged and respectively arranged on the left side and the right side above the connecting beam (2-1), one end of each rotary cylinder (4-1) is hinged on the connecting beam (2-1), the other end of each rotary cylinder is hinged on the rotary seat (4-3), and the rotary seat (4-3) is driven to rotate left and right through the expansion and contraction of the rotary cylinders (4-1), so that the crushing and loading functions of different widths are realized; one end of the supporting oil cylinder (4-5) is hinged on the rotary seat (4-3), the other end of the supporting oil cylinder is hinged on the lifting arm (4-4), and the lifting arm (4-4) is driven to swing up and down through the expansion and contraction of the supporting oil cylinder (4-5) so as to realize the functions of crushing and loading at different heights; one end of the bucket rod oil cylinder (4-6) is hinged with the lifting arm (4-4), the other end of the bucket rod oil cylinder is hinged with the bucket rod (4-7), and the bucket rod oil cylinder (4-6) stretches to drive the bucket rod (4-7) to adjust up and down; one end of the breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder (4-8) is hinged on the bucket rod (4-7), the other end of the breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder is hinged with the breaking hammer (4-9), different working positions of the breaking hammer (4-9) are controlled through the telescopic of the breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder (4-8), and the breaking function of the whole machine is realized by matching with an impact breaking mode of the breaking hammer (4-9); the four breaking hammer rocking bars (4-11) are symmetrically arranged left and right, one end of each breaking hammer rocking bar (4-11) is hinged to the bucket rod (4-7), the other end of each breaking hammer rocking bar is hinged to the breaking hammer (4-9), the breaking hammer rocking bars (4-11), the breaking hammer (4-9) and the bucket rod (4-7) form a four-bar mechanism, and the breaking hammer (4-9) is guaranteed to move according to a certain track; one end of the connecting rod I (4-12) is hinged to the bucket rod (4-7), the other end of the connecting rod I is hinged to the connecting rod II (4-13), one end of the connecting rod II (4-13) is hinged to the connecting rod I (4-12), the other end of the connecting rod II is hinged to the bucket assembly (4-14), the bucket assembly (4-14) has two hinge points, one hinge point is hinged to the connecting rod II (4-13), the other hinge point is hinged to the bucket rod (4-7), and the bucket rod (4-7), the connecting rod I (4-12), the connecting rod II (4-13) and the bucket assembly (4-14) form a four-bar mechanism together; one end of the bucket adjusting oil cylinder (4-10) is hinged to the bucket rod (4-7), the other end of the bucket adjusting oil cylinder is hinged to the connecting rod II (4-13), the bucket adjusting oil cylinder (4-10) stretches and contracts, the connecting rod I (4-12) and the connecting rod II (4-13) are matched to act, the bucket assembly (4-14) is driven to retract and expand, the material collecting function is achieved, and the breaking hammer (4-9) and the bucket assembly (4-14) are matched with each other to achieve different roadway breaking and repairing functions.
2. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 1, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: the machine body part (2) consists of a connecting beam (2-1), a platform fixing seat I (2-2), a platform fixing seat II (2-3), a platform fixing seat III (2-4), a left platform (2-5) and a right platform (2-6); the connecting beam (2-1) is fixed on the left walking part and the right walking part (1), the platform fixing seat I (2-2) is symmetrically arranged, one end of the platform fixing seat I is connected with the left platform (2-5) and the right platform (2-6), the other end of the platform fixing seat I is fixedly connected with the walking part (1), one end of the platform fixing seat II (2-3) and one end of the platform fixing seat III (2-4) are installed on the connecting beam (2-1), and the other end of the platform fixing seat I is connected with the bottom surfaces of the left platform (2-5) and the right platform (2-6); the front ends of the left platform (2-5) and the right platform (2-6) are supported by the platform fixing seats I (2-2) and II (2-3), the middle part is supported by the platform fixing seat III (2-4), and the rear end is fixedly connected with the rear supporting part (7).
3. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 1, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: the shovel plate part (3) consists of a shovel plate body (3-1), a shovel plate oil cylinder (3-2) and a driven sprocket (3-3); the shovel plate body (3-1) is hinged to the front end of the machine body (2), one end of the shovel plate oil cylinder (3-2) is hinged to the machine body (2), the other end of the shovel plate oil cylinder (3-2) is hinged to the shovel plate body (3-1), lifting of the shovel plate body (3) is achieved through extension and retraction of the shovel plate oil cylinder (3-2), and the driven sprocket (3-3) is arranged at the middle position of the front portion of the shovel plate body (3-1) and is matched with the driving sprocket (8-6) of the conveying part (8), so that the function of material loading and conveying is achieved.
4. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 1, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: the control part (5) consists of a control frame (5-1), an intrinsic safety type operation box (5-2), a seat (5-3), a mining intrinsic safety type remote control transmitter (5-4), a control handle I (5-5), a control handle II (5-6) and a switching handle (5-7); the control frame (5-1) is fixed at the middle position above the connecting beam (2-1), and the intrinsic safety type control box (5-2) is arranged on the control frame (5-1) and used for remotely controlling the starting and stopping of a motor of the electric system (10); the seat (5-3) is arranged on the connecting beam (2-1) and is positioned behind the operating frame (5-1) so as to be convenient for operators to take; the mining intrinsic safety type remote control transmitters (5-4) are divided into two and are configured along with the whole machine; the control handle I (5-5) is arranged below the intrinsic safety type operation box (5-2) and respectively controls a traveling hydraulic motor (1-7) of the traveling part (1), a breaking hammer (4-9) of the loading part (4), a bucket rod rotary cylinder (4-1), a conveying motor (8-4) of the conveying part (8), a shovel plate cylinder (3-2) of the shovel plate part (3), a rear supporting cylinder (7-2) of the rear supporting part (7) and a slide plate cylinder (9-2) of the anchor drilling part (9); the two control handles II (5-6) are symmetrically arranged at the left side and the right side of the control handle I (5-5) to respectively control a supporting oil cylinder (4-5), a bucket rod oil cylinder (4-6), a breaking hammer adjusting oil cylinder (4-8) and a bucket adjusting oil cylinder (4-10) of the loading part (4); the switching handle (5-7) is arranged on the side surface of the operating frame (5-1) and is used for controlling the switching of the rock breaking and anchoring hydraulic system (11).
5. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 1, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: the protection plate part (6) consists of two illumination lamp shields (6-1), two stairways (6-2), two left side shields (6-3), two right side shields (6-7) and two various plates (6-8), wherein the illumination lamp shields (6-3) and the right side shields (6-7) are arranged at the upper positions of the front ends of the left side shields (6-3) and the right side shields (6-7), a certain protection effect is achieved on the illumination lamp, and the stairways (6-2) are arranged on the right side surface of the machine body part (2).
6. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 1, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: the rear supporting part (7) consists of a rear supporting seat (7-1), a rear supporting oil cylinder (7-2), a rear support (7-3) and a two-way connecting frame (7-4); the front end of the rear supporting seat (7-1) is fixedly connected with the connecting beam (2-1), the rear end of the rear supporting seat (7-1) is connected with the two-way connecting frame (7-4), and the rear supporting seat (7-1) is used for supporting the conveying part (8), the left platform (2-5) and the right platform (2-6); the rear support (7-3) is hinged at the bottom of the rear support seat (7-1) in a bilateral symmetry manner and is matched with the rear support oil cylinder (7-2), and the rear support oil cylinder (7-2) stretches to drive the rear support (7-3) to lift, so that a certain supporting effect is achieved on the whole unit.
7. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 1, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: the conveying part (8) consists of a chute (8-1), a sliding frame (8-2), a spraying block (8-3), a conveying motor (8-4), a transmission shaft (8-5), a driving chain wheel (8-6), a tensioning oil cylinder (8-7) and a middle chain scraper (8-8); the chute (8-1) is arranged in the middle of the machine body part (2), the front end of the chute (8-1) is hinged with the shovel plate body (3-1) of the shovel plate part (3), the rear end of the chute is supported by the rear supporting part (7), and the spraying block (8-3) is arranged above the rear part of the chute (8-1) and is used for spraying and dust falling on conveyed materials; the sliding frames (8-2) are arranged at the rear part of the chute (8-1), the tensioning cylinders (8-7) are symmetrically arranged left and right and are arranged at two sides of the rear end of the chute (8-1), one end of each tensioning cylinder (8-7) is connected with the sliding frame (8-2), the other end of each tensioning cylinder is fixed with the side surface of the chute (8-1), and the sliding frames (8-2) are driven to slide backwards at the rear end of the chute (8-1) by extending outwards through the tensioning cylinders (8-7), so that the tensioning action of the medium chain scraping plates (8-8) is realized; the transmission shaft (8-5) is arranged on the sliding frame (8-2), the driving chain wheel (8-6) is arranged in the middle of the transmission shaft (8-5), the middle chain scraping plate (8-8) is wound between the driven chain wheel (3-3) and the driving chain wheel (8-6), the conveying motor (8-4) is arranged on two sides of the sliding frame (8-2) and is connected with the transmission shaft (8-5), hydraulic oil provides power for the conveying motor (8-4), the conveying motor (8-4) operates to drive the transmission shaft (8-5) to rotate, so that the driving chain wheel (8-6) arranged on the transmission shaft (8-5) operates to further drive the middle chain scraping plate (8-8) to act, and finally the function of outputting materials is realized.
8. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 1, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: the two anchor drill parts (9) are symmetrically arranged on the left platform (2-5) and the right platform (2-6) of the machine body part (2) left and right; each group of anchor drilling parts (9) consists of an oil cylinder seat (9-1), a slide plate oil cylinder (9-2), a slide seat (9-3), a guide rail (9-4), a drill arm fixing seat (9-5), a drill arm rotary seat I (9-6), an outer drill arm sleeve (9-7), a drill arm telescopic oil cylinder (9-8), an inner drill arm sleeve (9-9), a drill arm supporting oil cylinder (9-10), a support rod outer sleeve (9-11), a support rod telescopic oil cylinder (9-12), a support rod inner sleeve (9-13), a drill arm operating part (9-14), a drill arm rotary seat II (9-15), a swing oil cylinder fixing plate I (9-16), a left and right rotary oil cylinder (9-17), a swing oil cylinder fixing plate II (9-18), a front and back rotary oil cylinder (9-19), an impact type multifunctional airborne drilling machine (9-20), a drill arm rotary oil cylinder I (9-21), a turning plate device (9-22) and a drill arm rotary oil cylinder II (9-23); one end of the slide plate oil cylinder (9-2) is hinged to the oil cylinder seat (9-1), the other end of the slide plate oil cylinder is hinged to the slide seat (9-3), and the slide seat (9-3) is driven to move back and forth along the guide rail (9-4) by the telescopic action of the slide plate oil cylinder (9-2), so that the whole drill arm device is driven to slide back and forth integrally, and various drilling constructions in the head-on blasting drilling and the anchor bolt supporting operation of a hard rock roadway are smoothly realized; the oil cylinder seat (9-1) and the guide rail (9-4) are arranged on the left platform (2-5) and the right platform (2-6); the drill boom fixing seat (9-5) is arranged on the sliding seat (9-3) and can move back and forth along with the sliding seat (9-3); the drill boom revolving seat I (9-6) is hinged on the drill boom fixed seat (9-5), one end of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder II (9-23) is hinged with the drill boom fixed seat (9-5), the other end of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder II is hinged with the drill boom revolving seat I (9-6), and the drill boom revolving oil cylinder II (9-23) stretches to drive the drill boom revolving seat I (9-6) to revolve left and right, so that support and drilling operations in different width ranges are realized; the outer drill boom sleeve (9-7) is hinged to the upper portion of the drill boom rotary seat I (9-6), one end of the drill boom telescopic oil cylinder (9-8) is hinged to the outer drill boom sleeve (9-7), the other end of the drill boom telescopic oil cylinder is hinged to the inner drill boom sleeve (9-9), and the outer drill boom sleeve (9-7) is matched with the inner drill boom sleeve (9-9); the outer sleeve (9-11) of the support rod is hinged to the lower portion of the drill boom rotary seat I (9-6), one end of the telescopic oil cylinder (9-12) of the support rod is hinged to the outer sleeve (9-11) of the support rod, the other end of the telescopic oil cylinder is hinged to the inner sleeve (9-13) of the support rod, and the outer sleeve (9-11) of the support rod is matched with the inner sleeve (9-13) of the support rod; one end of the drill arm supporting oil cylinder (9-10) is hinged to the outer drill arm sleeve (9-7), the other end of the drill arm supporting oil cylinder is hinged to the drill arm rotary seat I (9-6), and the outer drill arm sleeve (9-7) is driven to lift up and down through the extension and retraction of the drill arm supporting oil cylinder (9-10); the rear end of the drill boom revolving seat II (9-15) is connected with an inner drill boom sleeve (9-9) and a supporting rod inner sleeve (9-13), a drill boom operating part (9-14) is arranged above the inner sleeve, the front end of the drill boom revolving seat II is hinged with a swing oil cylinder fixing plate I (9-16), and a turning plate device (9-22) is arranged on the side surface of the drill boom revolving seat II; one end of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder I (9-21) is hinged with the drill boom revolving seat II (9-15), the other end of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder I is hinged with the swinging oil cylinder fixing plate I (9-16), and the swinging oil cylinder fixing plate I (9-16) is driven to revolve left and right for a certain angle through the extension and retraction of the drill boom revolving oil cylinder I (9-21); the bottom end of the left and right rotary oil cylinder (9-17) is fixed on a swinging oil cylinder fixing plate I (9-16), the other end of the left and right rotary oil cylinder is connected with a swinging oil cylinder fixing plate II (9-18), the left and right rotary oil cylinder can rotate 180 degrees left and right, the bottom end of the front and back rotary oil cylinder is fixed on the swinging oil cylinder fixing plate II (9-18), the other end of the front and back rotary oil cylinder is connected with an impact type multifunctional airborne drilling machine (9-20), and the front and back rotary oil cylinder can rotate 180 degrees front and back.
9. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 8, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: the impact type multifunctional machine-mounted drilling machine (9-20) comprises a positioning oil cylinder (9-20-1), a pushing slideway pressing block (9-20-2), a slideway seat (9-20-3), a pushing slideway (9-20-4), a pushing oil cylinder (9-20-5), a clamp holder (9-20-6), a drill rod supporting seat (9-20-7), a drill rod supporting seat (9-20-8), a slideway top plate (9-20-9), a slideway (9-20-10), a slideway pressing block (9-20-11), a slideway bottom plate (9-20-12), a forward and backward rotation large torque transmission device (13), an impact type rock drilling machine (14), a rock drilling machine fixing plate (15), a fixing plate slideway pressing block (16), a primary oil cylinder (17), a secondary oil cylinder (18), a chain assembly (19) and an integrated valve group (20); the inside of the slideway bottom plate (9-20-12) is provided with a positioning oil cylinder (9-20-1) and an oil way which is communicated with the integrated valve group (20); one end of the positioning oil cylinder (9-20-1) is fixed at the lower end of the slideway bottom plate (9-20-12), the other end of the positioning oil cylinder is connected with the clamp holder (9-20-6), and an oil way connected with the clamp holder (9-20-6) is arranged in the positioning oil cylinder (9-20-1); one end of a slide seat (9-20-3) is fixed at the bottom of a slide bottom plate (9-20-12), the other end of the slide seat is connected with a pushing slide pressing block (9-20-2), one end of a pushing oil cylinder (9-20-5) is connected with the slide bottom plate (9-20-12), the other end of the pushing oil cylinder is connected with a pushing slide (9-20-4), and the slide seat (9-20-3) is driven to slide back and forth along the pushing slide (9-20-4) through the front and back extension of the pushing oil cylinder (9-20-5), so that the stroke compensation function of the impact type rock drilling machine (14) is realized; the drill rod support (9-20-7) is inserted into the drill rod support seat (9-20-8), so that the drill rod is positioned conveniently; one end of the slideway top plate (9-20-9) is connected with the drill rod supporting seat (9-20-8), and the other end is fixed with the slideway (9-20-10); the slideway (9-20-10) and the slideway pressing block (9-20-11) are arranged above the slideway bottom plate (9-20-12); one end of the primary oil cylinder (17) is fixed on the side surface of the slideway (9-20-10), the other end of the primary oil cylinder is connected with the chain assembly (19), one end of the chain assembly (19) is arranged in the middle position inside the slideway (9-20-10), the other end of the chain assembly is connected with the primary oil cylinder (17), and the chain assembly (19) is driven to slide back and forth in the slideway (9-20-10) through the back and forth expansion of the primary oil cylinder (17) so as to realize the twice-stroke amplification function; one end of the secondary oil cylinder (18) is fixed with the side surface of the slideway (9-20-10), the other end is connected with the slideway top plate (9-20-9), and the slideway (9-20-10) is driven to slide forwards and backwards by the forward and backward expansion of the secondary oil cylinder (18); the inside of the slideway top plate (9-20-9) and the inside of the secondary oil cylinder (18) are provided with oil ways needed by the primary oil cylinder (17) so as to realize the linkage of the primary oil cylinder (17) and the secondary oil cylinder (18); the front-back large-stroke sliding of the impact type rock drilling machine (14) is realized through the combined propulsion of the primary oil cylinder (17) and the secondary oil cylinder (18); the rock drilling machine fixing plate (15) and the fixing plate slideway pressing block (16) are arranged above the slideways (9-20-10), one end of the rock drilling machine fixing plate (15) is fixedly connected with the chain assembly (19), and the other end of the rock drilling machine fixing plate is fixedly arranged with the impact rock drilling machine (14); the forward and reverse rotation large torque transmission device (13) is arranged at the front end of the rock drilling machine (14) to realize the large torque transmission function in the processes of impact drilling and drill rod propulsion.
10. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 9, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: the clamp holder (9-20-6) consists of a clamp holder frame (21), a clamp arm (22), a clamp cylinder (23), a connecting rod (24) and a clamp seat (25); the clamp holder frame (21) is fixed at the front end of the positioning oil cylinder (9-20-1), and an oil way required by the clamp oil cylinder (23) is arranged in the clamp holder frame (21); the two clamping arms (22) are respectively and symmetrically arranged in the clamping device frame (21); the two connecting rods (24) are symmetrically arranged left and right, one end of each connecting rod (24) is connected with the corresponding clamping arm (22), and the other end of each connecting rod is connected with the corresponding clamping oil cylinder (23); the two clamping seats (25) are symmetrically arranged at the left and right and are arranged at the end part of the clamping arm (22); one end of a clamping oil cylinder (23) is fixed on the clamp holder frame (21), the other end of the clamping oil cylinder is connected with a connecting rod (24), the clamping oil cylinder (23) stretches up and down, the connecting rod (24) drives a clamping arm (22) to move, and the clamping seat (25) is opened and closed, so that the purpose of mechanically disassembling a drill rod by the clamp holder (9-20-6) is achieved.
11. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 9, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: the positive and negative rotation large torque transmission device (13) consists of a drill shank (13-1), a reducer sleeve (13-2), a hexagonal connecting sleeve (13-3) and an elastic retainer ring (13-4) for a shaft, wherein a first external hexagonal (13-6) and a second external hexagonal (13-9) are respectively arranged on the outer walls of the drill shank (13-1) and the reducer sleeve (13-2), an inner hexagonal I (13-12) with a through length is axially arranged in the hexagonal connecting sleeve (13-3), the first external hexagonal (13-6) and the second external hexagonal (13-9) arranged on the outer walls of the drill shank (13-1) and the reducer sleeve (13-2) are sleeved in the inner hexagonal I (13-12) on the inner surface of the hexagonal connecting sleeve (13-3), one end of the drill shank (13-1) is connected with a left-handed wave-shaped female thread (13-7), the other end of the drill shank is provided with a wave-shaped male thread (13-8) at one end of the reducer sleeve (13-2), and cooling water is conveniently conducted through the cooling water channel (13-5); the middle part of the reducer sleeve (13-2) is provided with a mounting groove (13-10) of the elastic retainer ring (13-4) for the shaft, the elastic retainer ring (13-4) for the shaft is arranged in the mounting groove (13-10), the hexagonal connecting sleeve (13-3) is limited in the axial direction, and the hexagonal connecting sleeve (13-3) is prevented from moving in the axial direction.
12. The multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines according to claim 11, wherein the multifunctional rock roadway drilling and anchoring integrated machine for coal mines is characterized in that: an inner hexagonal II (13-11) is also arranged in the inner cavity of the other end of the reducer sleeve (13-2) so as to be convenient for connection with a drill rod.
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