CN110291910A - Heavy metal treatment systems suitable for sea grass protection zone - Google Patents

Heavy metal treatment systems suitable for sea grass protection zone Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110291910A
CN110291910A CN201910700965.4A CN201910700965A CN110291910A CN 110291910 A CN110291910 A CN 110291910A CN 201910700965 A CN201910700965 A CN 201910700965A CN 110291910 A CN110291910 A CN 110291910A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sea grass
outline border
heavy metal
grid
inside casing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910700965.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110291910B (en
Inventor
吴钟解
何晓娜
刘涛
王道儒
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HAINAN ACADEMY OF OCEAN AND FISHERIES SCIENCES
Original Assignee
HAINAN ACADEMY OF OCEAN AND FISHERIES SCIENCES
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HAINAN ACADEMY OF OCEAN AND FISHERIES SCIENCES filed Critical HAINAN ACADEMY OF OCEAN AND FISHERIES SCIENCES
Priority to CN201910700965.4A priority Critical patent/CN110291910B/en
Publication of CN110291910A publication Critical patent/CN110291910A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110291910B publication Critical patent/CN110291910B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G33/00Cultivation of seaweed or algae
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management

Abstract

The invention belongs to marine environmental protection fields, and in particular to suitable for the heavy metal treatment systems of sea grass protection zone, including framework, framework includes outline border and inside casing;Outline border encloses head and the tail by multiple deckle boards and is welded, and inside casing and outline border weld, and inside casing is by outline border equal part;Outer frame bottom is vertically welded with vertical leg, and the bottom of outline border and inside casing is respectively connected with the first grid, and the mesh size of the first grid corresponds to the sea grass of different upgrowth situations;The inside casing is the big network of almag, and outline border is stainless steel frame, and the first grid is woven using polyethylene rope.

Description

Heavy metal treatment systems suitable for sea grass protection zone
Technical field
The invention belongs to marine environmental protection fields, and in particular to the heavy metal treatment systems suitable for sea grass protection zone.
Background technique
After " the water Wu disease " that is formed from Japan's the 1950s appearance " Itai-itai diseases " as caused by cadmium and by methyl mercury, respectively Coastal state and island country all attach great importance to influence of the heavy metal for marine environment.So-called heavy metal just refers to that density is big In 5g/cm3Metal, for organism, it includes must metal and nonessential metal.Nonessential metal is not participated in organic The metabolic activity of body, tissue is interior, and there are also the nonessential metals of low concentration to generate higher toxicity to organism.
Light industry and heavy industry since nearly half a century, due to the fast development of industrial and agricultural production, especially coastal area The rapid development of industry results in ocean Heavy-Metal-Contaminated Environments in world wide and gets worse.Since Most of heavy metals is logical River input is crossed, the main path into sea is constituted, so damage ratio of the heavy metal in river mouth waters is more serious.
Sea grass is the unifacial leaf higher plant moved in the torrid zone and temperate zone marine site shallow water, is uniquely to be submerged under shallow sea water Angiosperm, be distributed widely in temperate zone and the torrid zone immediate offshore area.Domestic in China, sea grass has more than 20 kinds.Sea grass is mainly divided Cloth is in river mouth, bay intertidal zone wetland and subtidal zone shallow water.It is grown on the sea grass of intertidal zone wetland, under the action of tide, It periodically is submerged in seawater, nutrient is not only absorbed from deposit by root system, moreover it is possible to directly absorb the battalion in seawater by blade Support substance.In addition, effect of the sea grass in marine ecosystems is extremely important, sea grass not only can be absorbed nutritive salt, improve water Matter provides habitat, breeding place and food source for many animals, moreover it is possible to and fixed substrate resists stormy waves, protection seashore, and And sea grass bed also has huge carbon reserve capabillity.Therefore, sea grass bed is the most aquatic ecosystem of productivity in biosphere One of.
And heavy metal pollution also has important influence to sea grass.Heavy metal is by destroying chloroplast membranes and interior utricule film Ultra microstructure reduces the synthesis of chloroplaset, blocks the electron transmission of electron transit mediator, and destroy the key enzyme of Calvin cycle With close stomata, to limit CO2The modes such as fixed efficiency reduce photosynthetic efficiency.And studies have shown that Cu and Zn are to sea grass Photosynthetic influence is maximum, and chlorophyll a, b and Chlorophyll are all remarkably decreased, and carotenoid increases, and heavy metal inhibits leaf The synthesis of key enzyme needed for green element synthesis.Seriously affect the healthy growth of sea grass
Therefore, how heavy metal in sea grass protection zone is handled, is a good problem to study.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides the heavy metal treatment systems for being suitable for sea grass protection zone, discharge a toxic huge sum of money to reduce the mankind Belong to the murder by poisoning to sea grass.
Base case of the invention are as follows: the heavy metal treatment systems of sea grass protection zone, including framework, the framework include outer Frame and inside casing;The outline border encloses head and the tail by multiple deckle boards and is welded, and the inside casing is connect with outline border, and inside casing is by outline border etc. Point;Outer frame bottom is vertically welded with vertical leg, and the bottom of outline border and inside casing is respectively connected with the first grid, the mesh size of the first grid The sea grass of corresponding different upgrowth situations and sediment grain size;The framework is iron frame.
The principle of the present invention and the utility model has the advantages that staff selects the first net of suitable mesh according to sea grass upgrowth situation Lattice, and guarantee that the mesh size of the first grid enables to sedimentary particle to pass through;Framework is covered on plant surrounding, guarantees to plant In the region that object is in the region of inside casing enclosing and inside casing and outline border enclose, then framework is pushed, so that vertical leg squeezes into sand Inside, provide support for framework, framework avoided to be washed away by tidewater.
Since iron-containing framework is contacted with sea grass for a long time, and the ferro element to dissociate in framework can carry out coupling with heavy metal element It closes, reduces the pollution of heavy metal element.Meanwhile the activity of sea grass alkaline phosphatase can be improved in ferro element Fe, promotes sea grass To the utilization efficiency of P elements, absorption of the sea grass for metalliferous mineral prime element is improved.In addition, the research table for passing through Holmer etc. Bright, Fe plays positive facilitation to the growth of sea grass, and addition Fe can make the productivity of the poly- umbrella algae blade in ocean improve 55%; It can similarly push away, addition Fe can also promote the growth of sea grass.
Bio-ligand model (BioticLigand Model, BLM) mechanism (DiToroetal., 2001) thinks: sun coexists For ion by alleviating metal toxicity with toxic effect site on heavy metal ion competition bio-ligand, poisonous effect is molten with ontology There are correlations between liquid intermediate ion activity.In addition, nearest Wang etc. (2008) is in the cationic shadow such as research Ca2+, Mg2+ and H+ Electrostatic interaction mechanism is found during ringing copper ion and arsenate to monocotyledon toxicity, it is believed that cell membrane surface band There are double electrical layers, negative electrical charges to form cell membrane surface potential on after birth surface for negative electrical charge, after birth and solution interface.Sun coexists Ion makes the reduction of cell membrane surface potential, and heavy metal cation surface-active declines, and anion is opposite.Therefore, the external poison of copper Property reduce, the external toxicity of arsenic increases.Therefore, in the present solution, since free Fe ion is cation, Fe and cell membrane knot It closes, the negative electrical charge potential of cell membrane surface can be made to reduce, reduce heavy metal cation surface-active, to alleviate heavy metal sun Toxicity of the ion for cell.When reducing sea grass growth, the case where heavy metal poisoning.
In conclusion the beneficial effect of this programme has a following: 1, vertical leg using when squeeze into inside sand, avoid framework It is swept away by tidewater;2, sea grass lives in the space of framework, is conducive to stablize sea grass root system, effectively avoids sea grass root by outer The case where boundary invades and harasses, improves the survival rate of sea grass, is conducive to the construction of sea grass protection zone, simultaneously because a huge sum of money can be absorbed in sea grass Belong to ion, so the program can also improve the efficiency that heavy metal is handled in sea grass protection zone;3, iron ion can promote in sea grass Alkaline phosphatase activity, improve sea grass absorb and conversion heavy metal ion efficiency, improve sea grass for heavy metal ion Tolerance, reduce sea grass heavy metal poisoning probability;4, iron ion can be closed with heavy metal ion coat, reduce heavy metal ion Toxicity.
Further, the outline border is cube, and the outline border is additionally provided with the second grid for impurity screening;Described second The connection of grid and frame are as follows: the lower part of the frame is equipped with slot, and the framework upper is equipped with sliding slot, the edge of the second grid In sliding slot insertion slot.
In the present solution, outline border to be designed to the form of cube, it is more conducive to the stabilization of entire framework, avoids tidewater will Framework sweeps along movement.Also, in the present solution, according to sea grass type and sea grass growth characteristics, adjustable second net of staff Lattice insertion position and the second grid number, guarantee the normal growth of sea grass.Entire framework wraps up sea grass simultaneously, in not shadow In the case where ringing sea grass photosynthesis, avoiding extraneous large-scale sundries destruction sea grass, (such as macro-organism is rolled, and marine is medium-and-large-sized Rubbish falls), improve the survival rate of sea grass in entire sea grass protection zone.
Further, the inside casing is the big network of almag, and outline border is stainless steel frame.
Further, the first grid is woven using polyethylene rope.
Further, the framework is additionally provided with timing mechanism, and the timing mechanism includes timer and signal projector.
In the present solution, staff pre-sets the time, and when the time is consistent with above-mentioned reset time in timer, signal Transmitter outwardly sends notification information.Staff can be by knowing with signal projector to matched signal receiving device Dawn, which framework are replaced or are removed.In this way, staff, which is just not necessarily to latent be lauched, checks whether each framework will update , the workload of staff is reduced, the timeliness of framework replacement and removal is improved.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram for the heavy metal treatment systems embodiment that the present invention is suitable for sea grass protection zone;
Fig. 2 is knot of present invention when framework is cube suitable for the heavy metal treatment systems embodiment of sea grass protection zone Structure schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
Below by the further details of explanation of specific embodiment:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description includes: frame 1, vertical leg 2, the first grid 3, sliding slot 11, slot 12.
Embodiment is basic as shown in attached drawing 1, Fig. 2:
Suitable for the heavy metal treatment systems of sea grass protection zone, including framework, framework includes outline border and inside casing;Such as Fig. 1 institute Show, outline border encloses head and the tail by multiple deckle boards and is welded, and inside casing and outline border weld, and inside casing is by outline border equal part;Outer frame bottom is vertical It is welded with vertical leg 2, the bottom of outline border and inside casing is respectively connected with the first grid 3, and the mesh size of the first grid 3 corresponds to different growths The sea grass of situation and its sediment grain size;The inside casing be the big network of almag, outline border be stainless steel frame 1, first Grid 3 is woven using polyethylene rope.Framework is additionally provided with timing mechanism, and timing mechanism includes timer and signal projector, Staff pre-sets the time, and when the time is consistent with above-mentioned reset time in timer, signal projector is outwardly sent Notification information.Staff can by knowing with signal projector to matched signal receiving device, which framework need into Row replacement or removal, improve the timeliness of framework replacement and removal.Here, the first grid 3 is fishing net or sieves beautiful net, to adapt to The growth of sea grass, staff can be used scissors and fishing net cut off opening, the size of opening according to sea grass type and growth Depending on situation.
Staff selects the first grid 3 of suitable mesh according to sea grass upgrowth situation;Framework is covered on plant four Week guarantee that plant is in the region that the region that inside casing encloses and inside casing and outline border enclose, then push framework, so that vertical leg 2 squeeze into the inside of sand, provide support for framework, framework is avoided to be washed away by tidewater.Sea grass lives in the space of framework, favorably In stablizing sea grass root system, the case where sea grass root is by external world's invasion is effectively avoided, the survival rate of sea grass is improved, is conducive to sea grass The construction of protection zone, simultaneously because heavy metal ion can be absorbed in sea grass, so the program can also improve weight in sea grass protection zone The efficiency of metal processing.
Iron-containing framework is contacted with sea grass for a long time, and the ferro element to dissociate in framework can be coupled with heavy metal element, is subtracted The pollution of few heavy metal element.Meanwhile the activity of sea grass alkaline phosphatase can be improved in ferro element Fe, promotes sea grass to phosphorus member The utilization efficiency of element improves absorption of the sea grass for metalliferous mineral prime element.In addition, by Holmer's etc. studies have shown that Fe Positive facilitation is played to the growth of sea grass, addition Fe can make the productivity of the poly- umbrella algae blade in ocean improve 55%;Similarly It can push away, addition Fe can also promote the growth of sea grass.So iron ion can promote the activity of the alkaline phosphatase in sea grass, The efficiency that sea grass absorbs and converts heavy metal ion is improved, sea grass is improved for the tolerance of heavy metal ion, reduces sea grass weight The probability of metal poisoning.
As shown in Fig. 2, outline border may be arranged as cube, the outline border is additionally provided with the second net for impurity screening Lattice;The connection of second grid and frame 1 are as follows: the lower part of the frame 1 is equipped with slot 12, and 1 top of frame, which is equipped with, to be slided Slot 11, the edge of the second grid pass through sliding slot 11 and are inserted into slot 12.Outline border is designed to the form of cube, is more conducive to The stabilization of entire framework, avoids tidewater that framework is swept along movement.Also, in the present solution, being grown according to sea grass type and sea grass special Property, the position of staff's adjustable second grid insertion and the second grid number, guarantee the normal growth of sea grass.Simultaneously Entire framework wraps up sea grass, in the case where not influencing sea grass photosynthesis, avoids extraneous large-scale sundries and destroys sea grass (such as Macro-organism rolls, and marine medium-and-large-sized rubbish falls), improve the survival rate of sea grass in entire sea grass protection zone.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure and characteristic are not made herein in scheme Excessive description, technical field that the present invention belongs to is all before one skilled in the art know the applying date or priority date Ordinary technical knowledge can know the prior art all in the field, and have using routine experiment hand before the date The ability of section, one skilled in the art can improve and be implemented in conjunction with self-ability under the enlightenment that the application provides This programme, some typical known features or known method should not become one skilled in the art and implement the application Obstacle.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, without departing from the structure of the invention, can also make Several modifications and improvements out, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence the effect that the present invention is implemented Fruit and patent practicability.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, the tool in specification The records such as body embodiment can be used for explaining the content of claim.

Claims (5)

1. be suitable for sea grass protection zone heavy metal treatment systems, it is characterised in that: including framework, the framework include outline border and Inside casing;The outline border encloses head and the tail by multiple deckle boards and is welded, and the inside casing is connect with outline border, and inside casing is by outline border equal part;Outside Frame bottom is vertically welded with vertical leg, and the bottom of outline border and inside casing is respectively connected with the first grid, and the mesh size of the first grid is corresponding The sea grass of different upgrowth situations and sediment grain size;The framework is iron frame.
2. the heavy metal treatment systems according to claim 1 suitable for sea grass protection zone, it is characterised in that: the outline border For cube, the outline border is additionally provided with the second grid for impurity screening;The connection of second grid and frame are as follows: described The lower part of frame is equipped with slot, and the framework upper is equipped with sliding slot, and the edge of the first grid passes through in sliding slot insertion slot.
3. the heavy metal treatment systems according to claim 1 suitable for sea grass protection zone, it is characterised in that: the inside casing For the big network of almag, outline border is stainless steel frame.
4. the heavy metal treatment systems according to claim 1 suitable for sea grass protection zone, it is characterised in that: the first grid It is woven using polyethylene rope.
5. the heavy metal treatment systems according to claim 1 suitable for sea grass protection zone, it is characterised in that: the framework It is additionally provided with timing mechanism, the timing mechanism includes timer and signal projector.
CN201910700965.4A 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 Heavy metal treatment system suitable for seaweed protection area Active CN110291910B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910700965.4A CN110291910B (en) 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 Heavy metal treatment system suitable for seaweed protection area

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910700965.4A CN110291910B (en) 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 Heavy metal treatment system suitable for seaweed protection area

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110291910A true CN110291910A (en) 2019-10-01
CN110291910B CN110291910B (en) 2022-02-08

Family

ID=68032424

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910700965.4A Active CN110291910B (en) 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 Heavy metal treatment system suitable for seaweed protection area

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110291910B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111771709A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-10-16 海南省海洋与渔业科学院 Method for restoring seaweed bed in marine ecosystem

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005013016A (en) * 2003-06-23 2005-01-20 Toyo Syst Plant:Kk Seaweed-bed culture material
JP2006055163A (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-03-02 Hayakawa Kensetsu Kk Multipurpose fish reef block
CN101946684A (en) * 2010-07-28 2011-01-19 中国海洋大学 Plug board assembled type steel slag carbonated solidified body algal reef
CN103299930A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-09-18 浙江海洋学院 Modular algae multiplication device
CN105284678A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-02-03 山东大学(威海) Ecological type artificial fish reef to which marine algae is transplanted
KR101594950B1 (en) * 2015-04-20 2016-02-18 대한민국 Mass culture and seeding apparatus for free-living gametophyte of Brown seaweed
KR20170008979A (en) * 2015-07-15 2017-01-25 제명훈 Sea Forest Making Apparatus

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005013016A (en) * 2003-06-23 2005-01-20 Toyo Syst Plant:Kk Seaweed-bed culture material
JP2006055163A (en) * 2004-07-22 2006-03-02 Hayakawa Kensetsu Kk Multipurpose fish reef block
CN101946684A (en) * 2010-07-28 2011-01-19 中国海洋大学 Plug board assembled type steel slag carbonated solidified body algal reef
CN103299930A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-09-18 浙江海洋学院 Modular algae multiplication device
KR101594950B1 (en) * 2015-04-20 2016-02-18 대한민국 Mass culture and seeding apparatus for free-living gametophyte of Brown seaweed
KR20170008979A (en) * 2015-07-15 2017-01-25 제명훈 Sea Forest Making Apparatus
CN105284678A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-02-03 山东大学(威海) Ecological type artificial fish reef to which marine algae is transplanted

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
王大海: "《海水养殖业规模经济发展研究》", 31 July 2014, 中国海洋大学出版社 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111771709A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-10-16 海南省海洋与渔业科学院 Method for restoring seaweed bed in marine ecosystem

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN110291910B (en) 2022-02-08

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN1284450C (en) Biologic comprehensive culture of composite cages and its special cages
CN201663859U (en) Semi-submerged semi-suspended type floating raft-cage device for culturing sea cucumbers
CN102550388B (en) Method for removing green algae in the middle and late culture stages of Porphyra yezoensis
Chebil Ajjabi et al. The red macroalga Gracilaria verrucosa in co-culture with the Mediterranean mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis: productivity and nutrient removal performance
CN101720694A (en) Device and method for breeding sea cucumbers in bathyal half-hanging floating rafts and cages
Gamboa et al. Small-scale hatcheries and simple technologies for sandfish (Holothuria scabra) production
CN110291910A (en) Heavy metal treatment systems suitable for sea grass protection zone
CN107960350A (en) A kind of store method of Copepods ovum
CN104521731A (en) Sargassum horneri seaweed bed human-induced restoration device and restoration method thereof
Radulovich Massive freshwater gains from producing food at sea
Bartoli et al. Manila clam introduction in the Sacca di Goro Lagoon (Northern Italy): ecological implications
CN103880192B (en) Method for cooperative control of microcystis aeruginosa by using chub, bighead, silver xenocypris fish and daphnia magna
CN101720692A (en) Method for breeding sea cucumbers in bathyal half-hanging floating rafts and cages
CN105706895B (en) A method of repairing intertidal zone sargassum
CN109392680B (en) Phytoplankton carbon flow regulation and control method
KR20090061382A (en) Apparatus for breeding scapharca broughtonii
Park et al. Quantitative sustainability assessment of seaweed biomass as bioethanol feedstock
CN103190333A (en) Method for implementing carbon sequestration by means of planting, harvesting and dumping fast-growing algae
CN101322479A (en) Trepang intermediate nursing method
WO2014183446A1 (en) Ecological farming method for ecological aquafarming facility and confinement structure unit thereof
CN108751416A (en) A kind of biological floating bed purification system of novel solid
CN101696058B (en) Ecological algae control method for lake
CN103518657B (en) A kind of continental rise controlled water body intermediate cultivate method improving large nacre weed survival rate
JP2020130183A (en) Method for aging, denaturation, and use of fresh sujiaonori in offshore waters
CN106305535A (en) Young mussel breeding method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant