CN110125029A - Pin shaft assembles device and its assembly method - Google Patents

Pin shaft assembles device and its assembly method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110125029A
CN110125029A CN201910383890.1A CN201910383890A CN110125029A CN 110125029 A CN110125029 A CN 110125029A CN 201910383890 A CN201910383890 A CN 201910383890A CN 110125029 A CN110125029 A CN 110125029A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pin shaft
qualified
blowing
feeding
storage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910383890.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110125029B (en
Inventor
高志彬
孔庆直
杨业献
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WENZHOU KEBODA AUTO PARTS CO Ltd
Original Assignee
WENZHOU KEBODA AUTO PARTS CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201910383890.1A priority Critical patent/CN110125029B/en
Publication of CN110125029A publication Critical patent/CN110125029A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110125029B publication Critical patent/CN110125029B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/04Sorting according to size
    • B07C5/08Sorting according to size measured electrically or electronically
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • B07C5/362Separating or distributor mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/38Collecting or arranging articles in groups
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B21/00Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups
    • G01B21/02Measuring arrangements or details thereof in so far as they are not adapted to particular types of measuring means of the preceding groups for measuring length, width, or thickness

Abstract

A kind of pin shaft assembly device, comprising: pin shaft feeding mechanism, for pin shaft to be delivered to feeding position;Pin shaft is fed sequentially into measurement position and sort positions for taking out the pin shaft of feeding position by transshipment acitivity;Pin shaft length detection mechanism, for detecting the linear distance being between one end and base position of the pin shaft of measurement position;Mechanism for sorting will be sorted to qualified product in the pin shaft of sort positions and qualification and receive mechanism for that will be in sort positions and underproof pin shaft is sorted to rejected product storage means;Pin shaft installing mechanism, for pin shaft to be installed in assembly object;Control device controls the movement of transshipment acitivity, pin shaft length detection mechanism, mechanism for sorting and pin shaft installing mechanism for judging whether pin shaft length is qualified.The invention also discloses pin shaft assembly methods.The present invention can whether automatic test pin shaft length be qualified before assembly and sorts.

Description

Pin shaft assembles device and its assembly method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the pin shaft mounting technologies of vehicle power supply.
Background technique
Currently, the assembling stage in vehicle power supply pin shaft does not detect pin shaft length dimension usually.However, practicing In, it sometimes appear that the feelings for thering is the length violation of a small amount of pin shaft to close the defined margin of tolerance in the pin shaft of pin shaft supplier supply Condition, it is integrally unqualified to will lead to vehicle power supply product at this time, increases rework rate and human cost.
Summary of the invention
It, can be before pin shaft assembly certainly technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in a kind of pin shaft assembly device is provided Whether the length of dynamic detection pin shaft is qualified, and the underproof pin shaft of automatic rejection, and qualified pin shaft is only assembled to assembly target On object.
The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of pin shaft assembly device, comprising: pin shaft feeding mechanism, for by pin shaft to be assembled It is delivered to scheduled feeding position;Transshipment acitivity, for taking out the pin shaft for reaching feeding position and setting, and the pin shaft of taking-up is successively defeated It is sent to scheduled measurement position and sort positions;Pin shaft length detection mechanism, for detecting the one of the pin shaft for being in measurement position Linear distance between end and scheduled base position, the other end of the pin shaft in the measurement position and scheduled benchmark position Linear distance between setting is to determine value;Qualified product receives mechanism, for receiving the pin shaft of length qualification;Mechanism for sorting is used for Sort positions will be in and the underproof pin shaft of length is sorted to rejected product storage means, sort positions and length will be in Qualified pin shaft is sorted to qualified product and receives mechanism;Pin shaft installing mechanism receives the pin shaft of mechanism for that will be placed in qualified product It is installed in assembly object;Control device, the signal input part of control device and the signal of pin shaft length detection mechanism export End is electrically connected, and control device is used to judge whether the length of pin shaft is qualified according to the testing result of pin shaft length detection mechanism, and Control the movement that transshipment acitivity, pin shaft length detection mechanism, qualified product receive mechanism, mechanism for sorting and pin shaft installing mechanism.
The assembly method of pin shaft assembly device according to another aspect of the present invention, comprising the following steps:
Pin shaft to be assembled is delivered to scheduled feeding position by pin shaft feeding mechanism;
Transshipment acitivity, which takes out, reaches the pin shaft that feeding position is set, and the pin shaft of taking-up is transported to scheduled measurement position;
Pin shaft length detection mechanism detection in measurement position pin shaft one end and scheduled base position between straight line away from From;
Pin shaft in measurement position is transported to sort positions by transshipment acitivity;
Control device judges whether the length of pin shaft is qualified according to the testing result of pin shaft length detection mechanism, if the length of pin shaft Spend unqualified, then rejected product storage means will be sorted in the pin shafts of sort positions by controlling mechanism for sorting, if pin shaft Length is qualified, then controls mechanism for sorting for the pin shaft in sort positions and be sorted to qualified product receiving mechanism, and control pin shaft peace Mounting mechanism will be placed in qualified product and the pin shaft of mechanism received to be installed in assembly object.
The present invention is at least up to one of beneficial effect below:
1, the pin shaft assembly device of the embodiment of the present invention can detect automatically pin shaft before pin shaft to be assembled to assembly object Length it is whether qualified, and the underproof pin shaft of automatic rejection, and only qualified pin shaft being assembled on assembly object, thus Prevent for the underproof pin shaft of length to be also fitted on vehicle power supply semi-finished product and has caused the underproof situation of product total quality;
2, pin shaft length detection of the invention and assembling stage are automatic operation, reduce manufacturing cost, improve system Make efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly introduced, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, for this For the those of ordinary skill in field, without any creative labor, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings His attached drawing.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 shows the whole signal of one embodiment of pin shaft assembly device of the present invention from different perspectives respectively Figure.
Fig. 3 shows schematic diagram of the pin shaft according to an embodiment of the invention in feeding and feeding.
Fig. 4 shows the operation principle schematic diagram of pin shaft position-detection sensor according to an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 shows schematic diagram when pick-and-place material for making clothes according to an embodiment of the invention mechanism is in material grasping state.
Fig. 6 shows signal of the pin shaft length detection according to an embodiment of the invention mechanism detection in measuring state when Figure.
Fig. 7 shows the working state schematic representation of translation clamp mechanism according to an embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 8 shows signal when pin shaft is put into sort positions by pick-and-place material for making clothes according to an embodiment of the invention mechanism Figure.
Fig. 9 shows the structural schematic diagram of blocking parts according to an embodiment of the invention.
Figure 10 shows the first pusher clamp mechanism according to an embodiment of the invention, and underproof pin shaft push-in is unqualified The schematic diagram of product storage means.
Figure 11 shows the first pusher clamp mechanism according to an embodiment of the invention and deposits qualified pin shaft push-in qualified product Put the schematic diagram of component.
Figure 12 shows the second pusher clamp mechanism according to an embodiment of the invention and pin shaft in blowing through-hole is pushed into vehicle Power supply semi-finished product are carried to realize the schematic diagram of pin shaft assembly.
Figure 13 shows the electric control theory figure of pin shaft assembly device according to an embodiment of the invention.
Specific embodiment
Further explanation is made to the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawing.
A kind of pin shaft assembly device according to an embodiment of the invention includes pin shaft feeding mechanism, pin shaft position detection sensing Device, transshipment acitivity, pin shaft length detection mechanism, qualified product receive mechanism, mechanism for sorting, pin shaft installing mechanism and control device. The signal input part of control device respectively with the signal output end of pin shaft position-detection sensor and pin shaft length detection mechanism Signal output end electrical connection, control device be used for according to the testing result of pin shaft length detection mechanism judge pin shaft length whether Qualification, and control transshipment acitivity, pin shaft length detection mechanism, qualified product and receive mechanism, mechanism for sorting and pin shaft installing mechanism Movement.
Fig. 1 is please referred to Fig. 3.Pin shaft feeding mechanism is used to pin shaft 91 to be assembled being delivered to scheduled feeding position. Pin shaft feeding mechanism includes vibrating disk, vibration feeding slot 12 and the first blowing seat 13.
The entrance of vibration feeding slot 12 and the discharge port of vibrating disk are connected to each other.Vibration feeding slot 12 has to be extended to from one end The slot structure of the other end, pin shaft 91 can be passed through from slot.
First blowing seat 13 is equipped with the first guide duct 131, and the one end in the first guide duct 131 is feeding inlet, feeding inlet It connects in the discharge port of vibration feeding slot 12, the other end in the first guide duct 131 is closed, and feeding position above-mentioned is set to pin shaft 91 The position of position namely the first guide duct 131 when abutting the closed end in the first guide duct 131 close to its closed end.The The top surface of one blowing seat 13 is offering material taking mouth 133, the size setting of material taking mouth 133 with the feeding position corresponding To be removed single pin shaft.Optionally, the top surface of the first blowing seat 13 is equipped with phase vertical with the first guide duct 131 The first groove 135 handed over, the first groove 135 can move wherein for pneumatic clamper described below and grab pin shaft 91.
Further, pin shaft feeding mechanism further includes blowning installation 14, and the gas outlet of blowning installation 14 is located at vibration feeding The top of slot 12, for exporting the air-flow that the pin shaft in vibration feeding slot 12 is pushed to the feeding inlet in the first guide duct 131, from And pin shaft is made to enter the first guide duct 131 more quickly.
In feeding, pin shaft 91 is persistently put down vibration by vibrating disk and is sent out, and pin shaft 91 enters through vibration feeding slot 12 one by one, It subsequently enters in the first guide duct 131 of the first blowing seat 13, and in the lasting promotion of vibrating disk 11 and blowning installation 14 The lower closed end for abutting the first guide duct 131, is in feeding when pin shaft 91 abuts the closed end in the first guide duct 131 Position can be removed by material taking mouth 133.
Pin shaft position-detection sensor 2 is for detecting whether feeding position has pin shaft 91.In the present embodiment, such as Fig. 4 institute Show, pin shaft position-detection sensor 2 is photoelectric sensor.Side of the first blowing seat 13 in the closed end in the first guide duct 131 Face is equipped with light channel 137, and photoelectric sensor 2 emits beam, and detects the end of pin shaft 91, and detection spot diameter is about 0.1mm, for judging whether pin shaft 91 reaches to feeding position, to avoid pin shaft not in place with regard to feeding the case where.
Transshipment acitivity, which is used to take out, reaches the pin shaft that feeding position is set, and the pin shaft of taking-up is fed sequentially into scheduled measurement Position and sort positions can hereafter be described further measurement position and sort positions.Transshipment acitivity includes pick-and-place material for making clothes machine Structure, lifting clamp mechanism and translation clamp mechanism.Pick-and-place material for making clothes mechanism is used to grab the pin shaft set of arrival feeding position and by crawl Pin shaft is placed into sort positions.Lifting clamp mechanism is connected with pick-and-place material for making clothes mechanism, for driving pick-and-place material for making clothes mechanism to move up and down. Translation clamp mechanism is connected with lifting clamp mechanism, for driving lifting clamp mechanism to move back and forth in the horizontal direction, is in the present embodiment The direction orthogonal with pin shaft feed direction moves back and forth.
Incorporated by reference to shown in Fig. 7 and Fig. 8.In the present embodiment, pick-and-place material for making clothes mechanism is made of pneumatic clamper, which includes handgrip 310 and first cylinder 311, handgrip 310 be connected with the first cylinder 311, handgrip 310 can be beaten under the driving of the first cylinder 311 It opens or is closed, so as to carry out pin shaft linear measure longimetry or pin shaft is put into sorting after linear measure longimetry from feeding position crawl pin shaft Position, Fig. 5 show schematic diagram when handgrip 310 is in material grasping state.Going up and down clamp mechanism includes the second cylinder 322, the first gas Cylinder 311 is mounted on the second cylinder 322, and the second cylinder 322 can drive handgrip 310 and the first cylinder 311 to move up and down together.It is flat Moving clamp mechanism includes third cylinder 333, and the second cylinder 322 is mounted on third cylinder 333, and third cylinder 333 can drive handgrip 310, the first cylinder 311 and the second cylinder 322 move in the horizontal direction together.
Pin shaft length detection mechanism be used for detect in measurement position pin shaft 91 one end and scheduled base position it Between linear distance.
Referring to FIG. 6, in the present embodiment, pin shaft length detection mechanism includes the 4th cylinder 44 and can follow the 4th The displacement sensor 43 that cylinder 44 moves together, 431 face of measuring head of displacement sensor 43 are in the pin shaft of measurement position One end, measurement position are located at the surface of feeding position.4th cylinder 44 is moved for drive displacement sensor 43 by initial position It moves to measurement position, for displacement sensor 43 in measurement position, 431 top of measuring head of displacement sensor 43 abuts pin shaft 91 One end;Aforementioned scheduled base position for the measuring head top of institute's displacement sensors initial position.
When handgrip 310 picks up pin shaft and is moved to measurement position, control device controls the starting of the 4th cylinder 44, band Dynamic displacement sensor 43 is towards the pin shaft movement in handgrip, when 431 top of measuring head of displacement sensor 43 abuts the one of pin shaft When end, displacement sensor 43 can not be further continued for advancing.At this point, displacement sensor 43 measures the initial bit on 431 top of measuring head Set the distance between 91 one end of pin shaft.Due to abutting the first guide duct when pin shaft 91 is in the first guide duct 131 131 closed end, and displacement will not be generated in the direction of motion of the 4th cylinder 44 with rear pin shaft, therefore displacement sensor 43 The distance of the initial position on 431 top of measuring head to the pin shaft other end for being in measurement position is fixed and known, two distances Difference be pin shaft 91 length.After measurement result is sent to control device by displacement sensor 43, control device is according to measurement As a result the length of pin shaft 91 can be calculated, and the length of the pin shaft is compared with pre-stored standard pin shaft length, is sentenced Whether the length of disconnected pin shaft is qualified.
Preferably, measuring head 431 is elasticity measurement head, is internally provided with spring, when abutting pin shaft, measuring head 431 Meeting forced contraction avoids the measured head 431 of pin shaft and pushes away since the power of cylinder crawl pin shaft is far longer than the elastic force of spring The case where moving and leading to sliding.
Mechanism for sorting is used to that sort positions will to be in and the underproof pin shaft of length is sorted to rejected product storage means, Pin shaft in sort positions and length qualification is sorted to qualified product and receives mechanism.
Incorporated by reference to shown in Fig. 8 to Figure 11.Mechanism for sorting includes the second blowing seat 51, the first pusher clamp mechanism and blocking parts 53。
Second blowing seat 51 is equipped with the second guide duct 512, and the second guide duct 512 runs through the second blowing seat each other Opposite lateral surface and medial surface.The top surface of second blowing seat 51 is equipped with the drain hole 513 for being put into single pin shaft, drain hole 513 run through the second guide duct 512, and sort positions above-mentioned are position corresponding with drain hole 513 in the second guide duct It sets.Optionally, the top surface of the second blowing seat 51 is equipped with the second groove 515 to intersect vertically with the second guide duct 512, and second is recessed Slot 515 moves wherein for handgrip 310 and grabs pin shaft 91.
First pusher clamp mechanism is used to protrude into the second guide duct 512 from the inner end in the second guide duct 512, will locate In sort positions and the underproof pin shaft 91 of length is released from the outboard end in the second guide duct 512.In the present embodiment, One pusher clamp mechanism includes thimble 523 and the 5th cylinder 525.Thimble 523 is connected with the push rod top of the 5th cylinder 525, thimble The inner end in 523 the second guide ducts 512 of alignment.
Blocking parts 53 is articulated in the outside of the second blowing seat 51.Qualified product receives mechanism for receiving the pin of length qualification Axis.It includes qualified product storage means 541 and storage means driving mechanism that qualified product, which receives mechanism,.Qualified product storage means 541 have There is blowing through-hole 5410, storage means driving mechanism is for driving qualified product storage means 541 in installation site and rewinding position Between move, during qualified product storage means 541 are moved to rewinding position from installation site, qualified product storage means 541 drive blocking parts 53 to rotate, and when qualified product storage means 541 are in rewinding position, it is logical that blocking parts 53 blocks blowing The outboard end in hole 5410, the outboard end in the second guide of inner end face duct 512 of blowing through-hole 5410.
In the present embodiment, blocking parts 53 is U-shaped block, and qualified product storage means 541 are sliding block, storage means driving Mechanism includes the 8th cylinder 548.Incorporated by reference to shown in Fig. 2, the second blowing seat 51 has close to that one end of qualified product storage means 541 Have a recess 516 for protruding at the top of qualified product storage means, recess 516 penetrate through the lateral surface of the second blowing seat 51, top surface and Bottom surface.The outboard end in the second guide duct 512 is opened in the side 5161 of recess 516.U-shaped block 53 include the first diverging arms 531, Second diverging arms 532 and the matrix part 533 being connected between the first diverging arms 531 and the second diverging arms 532, the first diverging arms 531 have the service portion 5311 protruded to thickness direction side, and matrix part 533 is equipped with pivot hole 5330, by passing through pivot hole 5330 pivot is articulated in the lateral surface of the second blowing seat 51, and the first diverging arms 531 is located at the top of the second diverging arms 532, the The service portion 5311 of one diverging arms 531 is extended partially into recess 516, and the service portion 5311 of the first diverging arms is against recess Handover side between 516 bottom surface and the top surface of the second blowing seat, so that the U-shaped block 53 be made to be maintained at initial position.
After pin shaft is put into the second guide duct 512 by handgrip 310 by the drain hole 513 of the second blowing seat 51, if pin shaft Length is qualified, then pin shaft rests on sort positions waiting and takes.If pin shaft length is unqualified, control device controls the 5th cylinder 525 push thimble 523, and the second guide duct 512 is protruded into the inner end in thimble 523 from the second guide duct 512, push second to lead Expect duct 512 in pin shaft, from the outboard end in the second guide duct 512 fall into lower section as rejected product storage means not Non-defective unit box 8.Due to U-shaped block 53 tilted naturally in initial position it is sagging, when unqualified pin shaft is from the second guide duct When being pushed out in 512, U-shaped block 53 does not interfere unqualified pin shaft to be pushed out.
When pin shaft qualification, control device controls the 8th cylinder 548 and qualified product storage means 541 is driven to move from installation site Rewinding position is moved, when qualified product storage means 541 are in rewinding position, the inside of blowing through-hole 5410 is corrected and second The outboard end in guide duct 512 is aligned.During qualified product storage means 541 are moved to rewinding position from installation site, The one end in the top thrusting action portion 5311 of qualified product storage means 541, is rotated up U-shaped block 53, in qualified product storage part When part 541 is in rewinding position, U-shaped block 53 becomes horizontal, and the second diverging arms 532 of U-shaped block shelters from blowing through-hole 5410 Outboard end allows pin shaft jacking to be unlikely to drop to outside across qualified product storage means 541 when coming.Control device control the 5th Cylinder 525 pushes thimble 523, and the second guide duct 512 is protruded into the inner end in thimble 523 from the second guide duct 512, by second In the blowing through-hole 5410 of pin shaft push-in qualified product storage means 541 in guide duct 512.Then, qualified product storage means 541 reset under the action of the 8th cylinder 548.
Pin shaft installing mechanism is used to be installed to the pin shaft for being placed in qualified product storage means 541 in assembly object.Pin Axis installing mechanism includes the second pusher clamp mechanism and displacement drive clamp mechanism.Displacement drive clamp mechanism is for driving qualified product to connect It receives mechanism and the second pusher clamp mechanism moves between initial position and scheduled rigging position;Second pusher clamp mechanism is used for certainly The blowing through-hole of the qualified product storage means in installation site is protruded into the inner end of blowing through-hole, will be in blowing through-hole Pin shaft from the outboard end of blowing through-hole release.
In the present embodiment, the second pusher clamp mechanism includes thimble 613 and the 6th cylinder 616, thimble 613 and the 6th cylinder 616 push rod is connected.Displacement drive clamp mechanism includes guide rail 621, mobile station 623 and the 7th cylinder 627.Mobile station 623 is pacified On guide rail 621, the 7th cylinder 627 can push mobile station 623 to move on guide rail 621, and qualified product receives mechanism and second Pusher clamp mechanism is all set in mobile station 623.Optionally, displacement drive clamp mechanism further includes limiting device, and limiting device is used Assembly object will not be collided when ensuring that mobile station 623 is mobile, assembly object is vehicle power supply semi-finished product.
Further, pin shaft installing mechanism includes index dial feed mechanism, and index dial feed mechanism is used for will rigging pilotage The assembly object of axis is delivered to scheduled rigging position.
Incorporated by reference to shown in Figure 12.Initial position is in when mobile station 623 starts.When mobile station 623 is in initial position, Qualified product storage means 541 are mobile and collect pin shaft.When qualified product storage means 541 reset to installation site, thimble 613 is just It is directed at the inner end of the blowing through-hole 5410 of qualified product storage means 541 well.Then, control device controls the 7th cylinder 627 and pushes away Dynamic mobile station 623 moves on guide rail 621, and (qualified product storage means 541 are far from indexing at this time by initial position for mobile station 623 Vehicle power supply semi-finished product 92 on disk) it is moved to rigging position.When mobile station 623 reaches rigging position, pin shaft to be installed Vehicle power supply semi-finished product 92 are also moved to rigging position by index dial feed mechanism, at this time the pin shaft on vehicle power supply semi-finished product 92 Mounting hole is just aligned the outboard end of the blowing through-hole 5410 of qualified product storage means 541.Then, control device controls the 6th gas Cylinder 616 pushes thimble 613, and pin shaft is pushed into the pin shaft peace of vehicle power supply semi-finished product 92 by thimble 613 from blowing through-hole 5410 It fills in hole.After pin shaft is loaded into vehicle power supply semi-finished product 92, control device controls the 7th cylinder 627 and retracts, and mobile station 623 is by filling Initial position is reset to position.Later, index dial rotates, and carries out feeding next time.
Please refer to Figure 13.In the present embodiment, control device includes PLC controller 71, the signal input of PLC controller 71 Hold the signal with the signal output end of pin shaft position-detection sensor 2 and the displacement sensor 43 of pin shaft length detection mechanism respectively Output end electrical connection, the output end of PLC controller 71 respectively with the first cylinder 311, the second cylinder 322, third cylinder 333, the Four cylinders 44, the 5th cylinder 525, the 6th cylinder 616, the 7th cylinder 627 are connected with the control signal of the 8th cylinder 548.PLC Controller 71 is used for according to the testing result of pin shaft length detection mechanism and the other end of the pin shaft in measurement position and makes a reservation for Base position between linear distance calculate the length of pin shaft, and by the pin shaft length being calculated and pre-stored pin Axis full-length is compared, and judges whether the length of pin shaft to be assembled is qualified, and control transshipment acitivity, pin shaft length detection machine Structure, qualified product receive the movement of mechanism, mechanism for sorting and pin shaft installing mechanism.
The embodiment of the present invention pin shaft assembly device can pin shaft is assembled to assembly object before automatic test pin Whether the length of axis is qualified, and the underproof pin shaft of automatic rejection, and only qualified pin shaft is assembled on assembly object, from And prevents for the underproof pin shaft of length to be also fitted on vehicle power supply semi-finished product and caused the underproof feelings of product total quality Condition.
The assembly method of pin shaft assembly device according to another aspect of the present invention, comprising the following steps:
Pin shaft to be assembled is delivered to scheduled feeding position by pin shaft feeding mechanism;
Pin shaft position-detection sensor detects whether the feeding position has pin shaft, if there is pin shaft, then sends to control device Pin shaft signal in place;
Control device receives pin shaft in place after signal, and control transshipment acitivity, which takes out, reaches the pin shaft that feeding position is set, and will take out Pin shaft be transported to scheduled measurement position;
Pin shaft length detection mechanism detection in measurement position pin shaft one end and scheduled base position between straight line away from From;
Pin shaft in measurement position is transported to sort positions by transshipment acitivity;
Control device judges whether the length of pin shaft is qualified according to the testing result of pin shaft length detection mechanism, if the length of pin shaft Spend unqualified, then rejected product storage means will be sorted in the pin shafts of sort positions by controlling mechanism for sorting, if pin shaft Length is qualified, then controls mechanism for sorting for the pin shaft in sort positions and be sorted to qualified product receiving mechanism, and control pin shaft peace Mounting mechanism will be placed in qualified product and the pin shaft of mechanism received to be installed in assembly object.
In a kind of specific embodiment, the process which assembles the assembly method of device is as follows.Vibrating disk operation Feeding, pin shaft 91 enter the first guide duct 131 by vibration feeding slot 12.Photoelectric sensor 2 senses that pin shaft reaches feeding When position, pin shaft signal in place is sent to PLC controller 71.PLC controller 71 receive pin shaft in place signal when control third Cylinder 333 is run to the right, and handgrip 310 is made to be moved to the surface of feeding position.First cylinder 311 controls handgrip 310 and opens, the Two cylinders 322 extend downwardly, in place after, the first cylinder 311 control handgrip 310 be closed, grab feeding position pin shaft 91.With Afterwards, the second cylinder 322 bounces back upwards, until pin shaft 91 reaches measurement position.PLC controller 71 controls the 4th cylinder 44 and stretches out, So that 431 top of measuring head of displacement sensor 43 is abutted one end of the pin shaft in measurement position, realizes measurement.Later, PLC is controlled Device 71 processed controls third cylinder 333 and runs to the left, so that handgrip 310 is moved to the surface of sort positions, the second cylinder 322 is downwards Stretch out, in place after, the first cylinder 311 control handgrip 310 open, pin shaft 91 is placed in sort positions.71 basis of PLC controller Whether the length of pin shaft of the testing result judgement in sort positions of displacement sensor is qualified, if the length of pin shaft does not conform to Lattice then only start the 5th cylinder 525, by thimble 523 by the underproof pin shaft jacking defective products box 8 of length;If it is determined that it is qualified, PLC controller 71 controls the starting of the 8th cylinder 548 and pushes qualified product storage means 541 to rewinding position, then the 5th cylinder 525 push thimble 523, will be in the blowing through-hole 5410 of pin shaft push-in qualified product storage means 541.5th cylinder 525, the 8th gas After cylinder 548 resets in place, PLC controller 71 controls the 7th cylinder 627 and mobile station 623 is pushed to be moved to rigging position.Mobile station After 623 are moved to rigging position, the 6th cylinder 616 pushes thimble 613, and pin shaft is pushed by thimble 613 from blowing through-hole 5410 In the bearing pin mounting hole of vehicle power supply semi-finished product 92, assembly is completed, the 6th cylinder 616, the 7th cylinder 627 reset.
Obviously, various changes and modifications can be made to the invention without departing from essence of the invention by those skilled in the art Mind and range.In this way, if these modifications and changes of the present invention belongs to the range of the claims in the present invention and its equivalent technologies Within, then the present invention is also intended to include these modifications and variations.

Claims (14)

1. a kind of pin shaft assembles device characterized by comprising
Pin shaft feeding mechanism, for pin shaft to be assembled to be delivered to scheduled feeding position;
The pin shaft of taking-up for taking out the pin shaft for reaching the feeding position, and is fed sequentially into scheduled survey by transshipment acitivity Measure position and sort positions;
Pin shaft length detection mechanism is between one end and scheduled base position of the pin shaft of the measurement position for detecting Linear distance, linear distance between the other end of the pin shaft in the measurement position and scheduled base position is to determine Value;
Qualified product receives mechanism, for receiving the pin shaft of length qualification;
Mechanism for sorting, for the sort positions will to be in and the underproof pin shaft of length is sorted to rejected product storage means, Pin shaft in the sort positions and length qualification is sorted to the qualified product and receives mechanism;
Pin shaft installing mechanism receives the pin shaft of mechanism to be installed in assembly object for will be placed in the qualified product;
Control device, the signal input part of the control device and the signal output end of pin shaft length detection mechanism are electrically connected It connecing, the control device is used to judge whether the length of pin shaft is qualified according to the testing result of pin shaft length detection mechanism, And it controls the transshipment acitivity, pin shaft length detection mechanism, the qualified product and receives mechanism, the mechanism for sorting and described The movement of pin shaft installing mechanism.
2. pin shaft as described in claim 1 assembles device, which is characterized in that the pin shaft assembles device further include: pin shaft position Detection sensor is set, for detecting whether pin shaft reaches the feeding position;
The signal input part of the control device is electrically connected with the signal output end of the pin shaft position-detection sensor.
3. pin shaft as described in claim 1 assembles device, which is characterized in that the pin shaft feeding mechanism includes:
Vibrating disk;
The discharge port of vibration feeding slot, the entrance and the vibrating disk of the vibration feeding slot is connected to each other;
First blowing seat, the first blowing seat are equipped with the first guide duct, and the one end in first guide duct is feeding inlet, The feeding inlet is connected in the discharge port of the vibration feeding slot, and the other end in first guide duct is closed, and described takes Material position is set to position when pin shaft abuts the closed end in the first guide duct;The top surface of the first blowing seat with the feeding Position corresponding offers material taking mouth;The measurement position is located at the surface of the feeding position.
4. pin shaft as claimed in claim 3 assembles device, which is characterized in that the pin shaft feeding mechanism further includes dress of blowing It sets, the gas outlet of the blowning installation is located at the top of the vibration feeding slot, for exporting the pin shaft in vibration feeding slot Push the air-flow of the feeding inlet in first guide duct to.
5. pin shaft as described in claim 1 assembles device, which is characterized in that pin shaft length detection mechanism include cylinder with And the displacement sensor that the cylinder can be followed to move together, the measuring head face of institute's displacement sensors are in the measurement One end of the pin shaft of position, the cylinder are moved to measurement position, the displacement by initial position for drive displacement sensor For sensor in measurement position, the measuring head top of displacement sensor abuts one end of the pin shaft;The scheduled benchmark position It is set to the initial position on the measuring head top of institute's displacement sensors.
6. pin shaft as described in claim 1 assembles device, which is characterized in that the transshipment acitivity includes:
Pick-and-place material for making clothes mechanism, pick-and-place material for making clothes mechanism is for grabbing the pin shaft for reaching the feeding position and the pin by crawl Axis is placed into the sort positions;
Clamp mechanism is gone up and down, the lifting clamp mechanism is connected with pick-and-place material for making clothes mechanism, for driving pick-and-place material for making clothes mechanism or more It is mobile;
Clamp mechanism is translated, the translation clamp mechanism is connected with the lifting clamp mechanism, for driving the lifting clamp mechanism in water Square to moving back and forth.
7. pin shaft as described in claim 1 assembles device, which is characterized in that the mechanism for sorting includes:
Second blowing seat, the second blowing seat are equipped with the second guide duct, and second guide duct runs through the second blowing The lateral surface and medial surface relative to each other of seat;The top surface of the second blowing seat is equipped with the blowing for being put into single pin shaft Mouthful, the drain hole runs through second guide duct, and the sort positions are in the second guide duct and the blowing The corresponding position of mouth;
First pusher clamp mechanism will be in institute for protruding into the second guide duct from the inner end in second guide duct The pin shaft for stating sort positions is released from the outboard end in the second guide duct, receives machine into rejected product storage means or qualified product Structure.
8. pin shaft as claimed in claim 7 assembles device, which is characterized in that it includes that qualified product is deposited that the qualified product, which receives mechanism, Component and storage means driving mechanism are put, the qualified product storage means have blowing through-hole, the storage means driving mechanism For driving qualified product storage means to move between installation site and rewinding position, rewinding position is in qualified product storage means When setting, the outboard end in the second guide duct described in the inner end face of the blowing through-hole.
9. pin shaft as claimed in claim 8 assembles device, which is characterized in that the mechanism for sorting further include:
Blocking parts, the blocking parts are articulated in the outside of the second blowing seat;The qualified product storage means from During installation site is moved to rewinding position, qualified product storage means drive blocking parts rotation, in qualified product storage part When part is in rewinding position, blocking parts blocks the outboard end of the blowing through-hole.
10. pin shaft as claimed in claim 9 assembles device, which is characterized in that second blowing seats against the nearly qualified product That one end of storage means has the recess for protruding at the top of qualified product storage means, and the recess penetrates through the second blowing seat Lateral surface, top and bottom;The outboard end in second guide duct is opened in the side of the recess;
The blocking parts is U-shaped block;The U-shaped block is including the first diverging arms, the second diverging arms and is connected to the first bifurcated Matrix part between arm and the second diverging arms, first diverging arms have the service portion protruded to thickness direction side;It is described Matrix part is articulated in the lateral surface of the second blowing seat, and the first diverging arms is located at the top of the second diverging arms, the first diverging arms Service portion be extended partially into the recess, and the service portion of the first diverging arms against the recess bottom surface and the second blowing Handover side between the top surface of seat;
During the qualified product storage means are moved to rewinding position from installation site, the top of qualified product storage means One end of service portion described in pushing tow is rotated up U-shaped block, when the qualified product storage means are in rewinding position, second Diverging arms blocks the outboard end of the blowing through-hole.
11. pin shaft as claimed in claim 8 assembles device, which is characterized in that the pin shaft installing mechanism includes the second pusher Clamp mechanism and displacement drive clamp mechanism;
The displacement drive clamp mechanism is for driving the qualified product to receive mechanism and the second pusher clamp mechanism in start bit It sets and is moved between scheduled rigging position;
The second pusher clamp mechanism is used to protrude into the qualified product in the installation site from the inner end of the blowing through-hole The blowing through-hole of storage means, the pin shaft that will be in blowing through-hole are released from the outboard end of blowing through-hole.
12. the pin shaft as described in claim 1 or 11 assembles device, which is characterized in that the pin shaft installing mechanism includes indexing Disk feed mechanism, the assembly object that the index dial feed mechanism is used to assemble the pin shaft are delivered to scheduled Rigging position.
13. pin shaft as described in claim 1 assembles device, which is characterized in that the control device includes PLC controller, institute PLC controller is stated for according to the another of the testing result of pin shaft length detection mechanism and the pin shaft in the measurement position Linear distance between one end and scheduled base position calculates the length of pin shaft, and by the pin shaft length being calculated and in advance The pin shaft full-length first stored is compared, and judges whether the length of pin shaft to be assembled qualified, and control the transshipment acitivity, Pin shaft length detection mechanism, the qualified product receive the movement of mechanism, the mechanism for sorting and the pin shaft installing mechanism.
14. a kind of assembly method of the pin shaft assembly device as described in claim 1 to 13 any one, which is characterized in that packet Include following steps:
Pin shaft to be assembled is delivered to scheduled feeding position by pin shaft feeding mechanism;
Transshipment acitivity, which takes out, reaches the pin shaft that feeding position is set, and the pin shaft of taking-up is transported to scheduled measurement position;
It is straight between the detection of pin shaft length detection mechanism one end and scheduled base position in the pin shaft of the measurement position Linear distance;
Pin shaft in measurement position is transported to sort positions by transshipment acitivity;
Control device judges whether the length of pin shaft is qualified according to the testing result of pin shaft length detection mechanism, if the length of pin shaft Spend unqualified, then rejected product storage means will be sorted in the pin shafts of the sort positions by controlling mechanism for sorting, if pin The length of axis is qualified, then controls mechanism for sorting for the pin shaft in the sort positions and be sorted to qualified product receiving mechanism, and control Cotter axis installing mechanism will be placed in qualified product and the pin shaft of mechanism received to be installed in assembly object.
CN201910383890.1A 2019-05-08 2019-05-08 Pin shaft assembling device and assembling method thereof Active CN110125029B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111687065A (en) * 2020-06-18 2020-09-22 深圳市瑞桔电子有限公司 Multifunctional detection device and method for LCM (liquid crystal module)

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GB902212A (en) * 1960-02-12 1962-08-01 Bush And Rank Cintel Ltd Improvements in control apparatus for use in conjunction with test equipment
GB1075152A (en) * 1963-01-21 1967-07-12 Nat Res Dev Improvements in automatic apparatus for use in inspection
CN104107808A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-10-22 上海托展机电设备有限公司 Full-automatic screw length automatic detecting and sorting apparatus
CN107321635A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-07 深圳市建升科技股份有限公司 A kind of pin material testing machine
CN109530250A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-03-29 苏州富邦机械链传动制造有限公司 A kind of pin shaft length diameter detects screening installation automatically

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB902212A (en) * 1960-02-12 1962-08-01 Bush And Rank Cintel Ltd Improvements in control apparatus for use in conjunction with test equipment
GB1075152A (en) * 1963-01-21 1967-07-12 Nat Res Dev Improvements in automatic apparatus for use in inspection
CN104107808A (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-10-22 上海托展机电设备有限公司 Full-automatic screw length automatic detecting and sorting apparatus
CN107321635A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-11-07 深圳市建升科技股份有限公司 A kind of pin material testing machine
CN109530250A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-03-29 苏州富邦机械链传动制造有限公司 A kind of pin shaft length diameter detects screening installation automatically

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111687065A (en) * 2020-06-18 2020-09-22 深圳市瑞桔电子有限公司 Multifunctional detection device and method for LCM (liquid crystal module)

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