CN108499899B - Spring load sorting machine - Google Patents

Spring load sorting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108499899B
CN108499899B CN201810133155.0A CN201810133155A CN108499899B CN 108499899 B CN108499899 B CN 108499899B CN 201810133155 A CN201810133155 A CN 201810133155A CN 108499899 B CN108499899 B CN 108499899B
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China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
spring
outlet
control
guide plate
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CN201810133155.0A
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CN108499899A (en
Inventor
李和平
方月龙
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Zhejiang Lanling Machinery Co., Ltd
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Zhejiang Lanling Machinery Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • B07C5/362Separating or distributor mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/38Collecting or arranging articles in groups

Abstract

The invention discloses a spring load sorting machine, which aims to solve the problem of low efficiency in the traditional manual load sorting of springs. The spring load sorting machine is higher in automation degree and high in sorting efficiency, and springs can be sorted into five categories according to different load values, so that the sorting is more detailed, and the control of processing procedures is more convenient.

Description

Spring load sorting machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of spring processing, in particular to a spring load sorting machine.
Background
There is a great demand for springs as an important element in industrial systems, and spring production facilities on the market are also increasingly tending to be automated, and the production process of springs generally comprises: the method comprises the following steps of rolling, stress relief annealing, setting treatment, inspection, surface anticorrosion treatment, packaging and the like, wherein in the inspection step, the load capacity of the spring needs to be inspected and sorted. The basic conditions of domestic and foreign spring sorting machines are as follows: the valve spring of internal combustion engine is a kind of spring which is forced to be tested completely by related departments of the state, its quality is directly related to the performance of internal combustion engine and even automobile, because the valve spring of internal combustion engine is various and its quantity is huge, so that the method of using common manual detection equipment to make detection and classification is easy to produce many error operations and its efficiency is low, and its automation degree is low, so that every spring production factory can hope to possess a kind of equipment which can make detection on line and can make classification automatically.
Therefore, a new solution is needed to solve this problem.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a spring load sorting machine which has the advantage of improving the sorting efficiency of springs.
The technical purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a spring load sorter, includes the workstation and sets up in the sorting unit of workstation, still including setting up in the loading attachment of one side of workstation, setting up in the unloader of workstation below, sorting unit sets up in the feed table of workstation and a plurality of silos of putting that set up along the feed table circumference including rotating, loading attachment's discharge end is located directly over putting the silo, unloader connects in sorting unit's discharge end and is provided with five exports, sorting unit is connected with the controller that is used for controlling unloader.
By adopting the technical scheme, the springs to be detected and sorted are poured into a feeding device, the springs are sorted by the feeding device and are sequentially conveyed into a material placing groove, then the springs are driven by a feeding disc to rotate to a detection station, the springs are compressed and detected by the sorting device, the detected load values of the springs are conveyed to a controller, three load values are preset in the controller and are respectively a standard load value, a maximum upper deviation value and a maximum lower deviation value of the springs, the springs are divided into five load intervals by the three set values, the first interval is the springs with the loads lower than the maximum lower deviation value, the second interval is the springs with the load values larger than the maximum lower deviation value and smaller than the standard load value, the third interval is the springs with the standard load value, the fourth interval is the springs with the loads larger than the standard load value and smaller than the maximum upper deviation value, and the fifth interval is the springs with the loads larger than the maximum upper deviation value, the controller analyzes and judges the data to judge the load value interval to which the tested spring belongs, the tested spring falls into the blanking device, the blanking device is provided with outlets corresponding to the five load value intervals, and meanwhile, the controller judges which interval the tested spring belongs to according to the measured value of the tested spring, so that the corresponding outlets are controlled to be opened and closed, and the sorting of the springs is completed.
The invention is further configured to: the feeding device comprises a vibration disc arranged on one side of the workbench, a discharging pipe connected to the discharging end of the vibration disc, and a discharging control mechanism connected to the tail end of the discharging pipe, wherein the discharging control mechanism comprises a support fixedly arranged on the workbench, a storage part arranged on the support and positioned above the feeding disc, and a control assembly arranged on one side of the storage part and used for controlling discharging.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, in pouring the spring into the vibration dish during material loading, the spring in the vibration dish is delivered to the storage spare through the discharging pipe, and every time the station is rotated to the feed table, the unloading of control assembly control storage spare is once, realizes the orderly material loading of feed table.
The invention is further configured to: the storage piece is in a hollow square shape, a control window is formed in the side wall of the storage piece, the force application end of the control assembly is arranged right opposite to the control window, a detection window is formed in the side wall where the control window is located, the detection end of the control assembly is arranged right opposite to the detection window, and the detection window is located below the control window.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when the spring falls into the storage member through the discharging pipe like this, if there is the spring in the storage member below the material storage member's the material groove of putting, the spring that control assembly extension and prevention in the storage member continues to drop downwards, when the charging tray rotates to the vacancy, control assembly release makes the spring continue to drop, realize the material loading, and when control assembly's sense terminal detected to have the spring in the detection window, control assembly extension stops the spring in the discharging pipe to continue to drop in the control window, prevent that the spring from piling up in the storage member.
The invention is further configured to: the control assembly comprises a mounting frame fixedly connected to the material storage piece, a first control cylinder arranged on the mounting frame, a second control cylinder arranged on the mounting frame, and an infrared sensor arranged on the mounting frame, wherein the movable end of the first control cylinder is arranged right at the control window, and the movable end of the second control cylinder is arranged right at the bottom of the detection window.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, infrared sensor is used for responding to and detects the window in there being the spring, and when infrared sensor sensed and has the spring in the detection window, first control cylinder extends to the control window in to the spring that prevents detection window department continues to drop downwards, and when infrared sensor sensed and does not have the spring in the detection window, first control cylinder withdraws and releases the spring, makes the spring can continue the whereabouts realization feed supplement.
The invention is further configured to: the sorting device comprises a force measuring mechanism arranged on the workbench and positioned above the material placing groove and a vertical positioning assembly arranged on the workbench and positioned above the material placing groove, wherein the vertical positioning assembly is positioned on the front side of the force measuring mechanism.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, at first in loading attachment carries the spring to the feed table put the silo, drive by the feed table and remove to founding the subassembly below, found the subassembly and start and found the processing to the spring, later the feed table drives the spring and continues to move under the dynamometer, carry out the load value survey to the spring by dynamometer, through setting up the subassembly of founding before the dynamometer like this, saved and found the process of handling to the spring through professional equipment, not only the time of having practiced thrift has improved efficiency, and the cost is reduced.
The invention is further configured to: the vertical fixing component comprises a vertical fixing cylinder fixedly arranged on the workbench and a vertical fixing rod connected to a piston rod of the vertical fixing cylinder and arranged right opposite to a certain material placing groove.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when putting the silo and drive the spring and remove to founding the pole under, found the cylinder and drive and found the pole and extend downwards to through founding the pole compression and put the spring in the silo, accomplish the founding to the spring.
The invention is further configured to: the force measuring mechanism comprises a first force measuring assembly and a second force measuring assembly which are arranged on the workbench and are sequentially arranged along the circumference of the feeding plate, the first force measuring assembly comprises a first air cylinder fixedly arranged on the workbench and a first pressure rod connected to a piston rod of the first air cylinder, the first pressure rod is arranged right at a certain material placing groove, the second force measuring assembly comprises a second air cylinder fixedly arranged on the workbench and a second pressure rod connected to a piston rod of the second air cylinder, and the second pressure rod is arranged right at a certain material placing groove.
By adopting the technical scheme, after the spring is subjected to setting processing by the setting component, the spring is firstly subjected to load detection by the first force measuring component, when the detected load value just falls on the maximum upper deviation value or the maximum lower deviation value set by the controller, the feeding disc drives the spring to continuously move to the position below the second force measuring component, and the second force measuring component carries out secondary detection and classification on the spring, so that the detection and classification precision is improved; when the feeding disc drives the spring to move below the first pressure rod, the first air cylinder drives the first pressure rod to extend downwards, so that the load detection of the spring is realized; when the feeding tray drives the spring to move to the position below the second pressing rod, the second cylinder drives the second pressing rod to extend downwards, and therefore secondary load detection is achieved for the spring.
The invention is further configured to: the blanking device comprises a discharge port arranged on a workbench below the feeding plate, a blanking hopper communicated with the discharge port and a blanking mechanism connected to the lower end of the blanking hopper, wherein the blanking mechanism is provided with five outlets, and a material distribution mechanism used for controlling a spring discharge path is arranged in the blanking mechanism.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, after first dynamometry subassembly detected the spring, the controller carries out analysis classification to the data that detect, will be surveyed the spring and classify to in a certain interval to control feed mechanism operation, thereby control corresponding interval's discharge gate and open and realize corresponding discharge gate ejection of compact, divide into five intervals through the controller with the data that detect, and send out the spring in every interval from the export that corresponds, just realize selecting separately the detection of spring.
The invention is further configured to: the blanking mechanism comprises a blanking pipe connected to the blanking hopper and a main material box connected to the blanking pipe, an outlet A and an outlet B are respectively formed in the upper ends of the two side walls of the main material box, an outlet C and an outlet D are respectively formed in the lower ends of the two side walls of the main material box, an outlet E is formed in the bottom surface of the main material box, and a material guide cylinder is connected to the outer sides of the outlet A, the outlet B, the outlet C and the outlet D.
By adopting the technical scheme, the outlet A, the outlet B, the outlet C, the outlet D and the outlet E respectively correspond to a load value interval, when the load value of the spring is detected to be smaller than the maximum lower limit value allowed by the spring error, the outlet A is opened and realizes discharging, when the load value of the spring is detected to be larger than the maximum lower limit value allowed by the spring error and smaller than the standard value of the spring, the outlet C is opened and realizes discharging, when the load value of the spring is detected to be equal to the standard value, the outlet E is opened and realizes discharging, when the load value of the spring is detected to be larger than the maximum upper limit value allowed by the error and smaller than the maximum upper limit value allowed by the error, the outlet B is opened and realizes discharging, when the load value of the spring is detected to be larger than the maximum upper limit value allowed by the error, the outlet D is opened and realizes discharging, thereby five types of the spring are sorted, and when the, the workman can make corresponding adjustment to previous process to accomplish more accurate assurance to the processing of spring, can reduce the defective percentage to a certain extent.
The invention is further configured to: the feed mechanism rotates between the guide cylinder inner wall and the B guide plate which are connected with the B outlet and is connected with a B cylinder used for controlling the rotation of the B guide plate, the C outlet upper edge rotates and is connected with a C guide plate, a C cylinder used for controlling the rotation of the C guide plate is connected between the guide cylinder inner wall and the C guide plate which are connected with the C outlet, the D outlet upper edge rotates and is connected with a D guide plate, and a D cylinder used for controlling the rotation of the D guide plate is connected between the guide cylinder inner wall and the D guide plate which are connected with the D outlet.
By adopting the technical scheme, the opening and closing of the outlet A, the outlet B, the outlet C and the outlet D are respectively realized through the cylinder A, the cylinder B, the cylinder C and the cylinder D, when the spring needs to be sent out from the outlet A, the cylinder A extends and pushes the guide plate A to rotate towards the main material barrel, and the guide plate A is positioned right below the falling direction of the spring, so that the spring falls onto the guide plate A when falling from the discharging pipe 37, is sent out from the outlet A through the guide plate A and is sent out through the guide cylinder connected with the outlet A; when the spring needs to be sent out from the outlet D, the cylinder D extends and pushes the guide plate D to rotate towards the main material barrel and the guide plate D is positioned right below the falling direction of the spring, when the spring needs to be sent out from the E outlet, the A guide plate, the B guide plate, the C guide plate and the D guide plate are all in a vertical state and respectively close the A outlet, the B outlet, the C outlet and the D outlet, so that the spring can directly fall out from the E outlet when falling, and sorting of the spring is realized.
In conclusion, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the springs to be detected and sorted are poured into a feeding device, the springs are sorted by the feeding device and are sequentially conveyed into a material placing groove, then the springs are driven by a feeding disc to rotate to a detection station, the springs are compressed and detected by the sorting device, the detected spring load values are conveyed to a controller, three load values which are respectively a standard load value, a maximum upper deviation value and a maximum lower deviation value are preset in the controller, the springs are divided into five load intervals by three set values, the first interval is a spring with a load lower than the maximum lower deviation value, the second interval is a spring with a load value larger than the maximum lower deviation value and smaller than the standard load value, the third interval is a spring equal to the standard load value, the fourth interval is a spring larger than the standard load value and smaller than the maximum upper deviation value, the fifth interval is a spring larger than the maximum upper deviation value, and data are analyzed and judged by the controller, the controller judges which section the spring belongs to according to the measured value of the measured spring, thereby controlling the corresponding outlet to open and close and completing the sorting of the spring.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a control assembly;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of the material separating device;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the blanking device.
In the figure: 1. a feeding device; 2. a work table; 3. a feed tray; 4. a vibrating pan; 5. a discharge pipe; 6. a discharge control mechanism; 7. a support; 8. a material storage member; 9. a control component; 10. a control window; 11. detecting a window; 12. a mounting frame; 13. a first control cylinder; 14. a second control cylinder; 15. an infrared sensor; 16. a first bar; 17. a second bar; 18. a chute; 19. a slider; 20. an adjustment groove; 21. adjusting the bolt; 22. a mounting ring; 23. a material placing groove; 24. a force measuring mechanism; 25. setting the component; 26. setting a cylinder; 27. erecting a fixed rod; 28. a first force measuring assembly; 29. a second force measuring assembly; 30. a first cylinder; 31. a first pressure lever; 32. a second cylinder; 33. a second compression bar; 34. a protective cover; 35. an operating door; 36. a blanking hopper; 37. a discharging pipe; 38. a discharge port; 39. a blanking mechanism; 40. a material distributing mechanism; 41. a main material box; 42. an outlet A; 43. an outlet B; 44. c, an outlet; 45. an outlet D; 46. e, an outlet; 47. a material guide cylinder; 48. a, a guide plate; 49. a, an air cylinder; 50. b, a guide plate; 51. a cylinder B; 52. c, a guide plate; 53. c, a cylinder; 54. d, a guide plate; 55. a cylinder D; 56. a vertical section; 57. a receiving basket; 58. a sorting device; 59. a blanking device; 60. and a controller.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in detail below with reference to the figures and examples.
The utility model provides a spring load sorter, as shown in figure 1, including workstation 2 and set up in the sorting unit 58 of workstation 2, still including setting up in the loading attachment 1 of workstation 2 one side, set up in unloader 59 of workstation 2 below, sorting unit 58 sets up in workstation 2 and drives pivoted feed table 3 by the motor including rotating, a plurality of silos 23 of putting that set up at the circumference of feed table 3, put the cylindric setting that silo 23 is link up from top to bottom, the spring that needs to detect is placed in putting silo 23 and is driven by feed table 3 and rotates, the discharge end of loading attachment 1 is located and puts silo 23 directly over, unloader 59 connects in the discharge end of sorting unit 58 and is provided with five exports, sorting unit 58 is connected with the controller 60 that is used for controlling unloader 59.
The springs to be detected and sorted are firstly poured into a feeding device 1, the springs are sorted by the feeding device 1 and are sequentially conveyed into a material placing groove 23, then the springs are driven by a feeding tray 3 to rotate to a detection station, the springs are compressed and detected by a sorting device 58, the detected load values of the springs are conveyed to a controller 60, three load values are preset in the controller 60 and are respectively a standard load value, a maximum upper deviation value and a maximum lower deviation value of the springs, the springs are divided into five load intervals by the three set values, the first interval is the spring with the load lower than the maximum lower deviation value, the second interval is the spring with the load value larger than the maximum lower deviation value and smaller than the standard load value, the third interval is the spring equal to the standard load value, the fourth interval is the spring with the load value larger than the standard load value and smaller than the maximum upper deviation value, and the fifth interval is the spring larger than the maximum upper deviation value, the controller 60 analyzes and judges the data to judge the load value interval to which the tested spring belongs, the tested spring falls into the blanking device 59, the blanking device 59 is provided with outlets corresponding to the five load value intervals, and meanwhile, the controller 60 judges which interval the tested spring belongs to according to the measured value of the tested spring, so that the corresponding outlets are controlled to be opened and closed, and the sorting of the springs is completed.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the feeding device 1 includes a vibrating tray 4 disposed on one side of a worktable 2, a discharging pipe 5 connected to a discharging end of the vibrating tray 4, and a discharging control mechanism 6 connected to a terminal of the discharging pipe 5, the discharging pipe 5 is a circular pipe having a diameter through which a spring can pass, the discharging control mechanism 6 includes a bracket 7 fixedly disposed on the worktable 2 by bolts, a material storage member 8 mounted on the bracket 7 by bolts and located above the feeding tray 3, and a control assembly 9 disposed on one side of the material storage member 8 and used for controlling the feeding in the material storage member 8; in pouring the spring into vibration dish 4 during material loading, the spring in the vibration dish 4 is delivered to storage member 8 through discharging pipe 5, and every time feeding disk 3 rotates a station, 8 baits of control assembly 9 control storage member are once, realize feeding disk 3's orderly material loading.
As shown in fig. 2, the storage member 8 is arranged in a hollow square shape, a control window 10 is arranged at a position close to the upper side wall of the storage member 8, an opening of the control window 10 is smaller than a spring, a force application end of the control assembly 9 is arranged opposite to the control window 10, a detection window 11 is arranged at a position close to the lower side wall of the control window 10, a detection end of the control assembly 9 is arranged opposite to the detection window 11, and the detection window 11 is positioned below the control window 10; like this when the spring falls into storage member 8 through discharging pipe 5 in, if there is the spring in the storage member 8 below the material groove 23 of putting, control assembly 9 extension and the spring that prevents in the storage member 8 continues to drop downwards, when feed tray 3 rotates to the vacancy, control assembly 9 release makes the spring continue to drop, realize the material loading, and when control assembly 9's sense terminal detected to have the spring in detecting window 11, control assembly 9 extension is to in the control window 10 and the spring that prevents in the discharging pipe 5 continues to drop, prevent that the spring from piling up in storage member 8. The periphery of the feed inlet at the top end of the material storage member 8 is fixedly provided with a mounting ring 22, and the tail end of the discharge pipe 5 is sleeved on the mounting ring 22; through setting up collar 22 for discharging pipe 5 is more convenient firm with the installation of storage 8.
As shown in fig. 2, the control assembly 9 includes a mounting frame 12 fixedly connected to the material storage member 8 by bolts, a first control cylinder 13 slidably mounted on the mounting frame 12, a second control cylinder 14 mounted on the mounting frame 12, and an infrared sensor 15 mounted on the mounting frame 12, wherein a movable end of the first control cylinder 13 is disposed opposite to the control window 10, and a movable end of the second control cylinder 14 is disposed opposite to the bottom of the detection window 11; infrared sensor 15 is used for responding to and detects the interior spring that has of window 11, and when infrared sensor 15 sensed and has the spring in detecting window 11, first control cylinder 13 extends to in the control window 10 to prevent the spring of detecting window 11 department to continue to drop downwards, when infrared sensor 15 sensed and does not have the spring in detecting window 11, first control cylinder 13 withdraws and releases the spring, makes the spring can continue to fall and realize the feed supplement.
As shown in fig. 2, the piston rod of the first control cylinder 13 is connected with a first stop lever 16 for extending into the material storage member 8 and stopping the spring from falling, and the piston rod of the second control cylinder 14 is connected with a second stop lever 17 for extending into the material storage member 8 and stopping the spring from falling; through connecting first pin 16 on the piston rod of first control cylinder 13, connect second pin 17 on the piston rod of second control cylinder 14 for the expansion end of first control cylinder 13 and second control cylinder 14 can stretch into control window 10 or detect in the window 11 more easily, thereby is convenient for more control the unloading of storage material 8.
As shown in fig. 2, a sliding groove 18 is longitudinally formed in the mounting frame 12, a sliding block 19 is slidably disposed in the sliding groove 18, an adjusting groove 20 is longitudinally formed in a side wall of the sliding groove 18, an adjusting bolt 21 penetrates through the adjusting groove 20, the adjusting bolt 21 penetrates through the adjusting groove 20 and is connected to the sliding block 19 in a threaded manner, and the first control cylinder 13 is fixedly mounted on the sliding block 19 through a bolt and is disposed toward the control window 10; when the height of the first control cylinder 13 needs to be adjusted, the adjusting bolt 21 is loosened and the position of the slide block 19 is adjusted, and when the slide block 19 is adjusted to a proper position, the adjusting bolt 21 is tightened to fix the position of the slide block 19 and the first control cylinder 13.
As shown in fig. 1, the vibration disk 4 here is a multi-track vibration disk 4, and each discharge end of the multi-track vibration disk 4 is connected with a discharge control mechanism 6; the best choice is double-track vibration dish 4 to the ejection of compact rail of double-track vibration dish 4 all connects ejection of compact control mechanism 6, thereby realizes double-track material loading, improves material loading efficiency.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the sorting device 58 includes a force measuring mechanism 24 disposed on the work table 2 and above the material placing groove 23, and a standing assembly 25 disposed on the work table 2 and above the material placing groove 23, wherein the standing assembly 25 is located at the front side of the force measuring mechanism 24; at first, in loading attachment 1 carried the spring to the material tank 23 of putting of feed table 3, it moved to founding subassembly 25 below to be driven by feed table 3, found subassembly 25 and start and found the processing to the spring, later feed table 3 drives the spring and continues to move to under the dynamometer 24, carry out the load value survey to the spring by dynamometer 24, through setting up founding subassembly 25 before the dynamometer like this, saved and found the process of handling through professional equipment to the spring, not only the time of having practiced thrift has improved efficiency, and the cost is reduced.
As shown in fig. 3, the standing assembly 25 includes a standing cylinder 26 fixedly disposed on the worktable 2, and a standing rod 27 connected to a piston rod of the standing cylinder 26 and disposed opposite to a material accommodating slot 23; when the material placing groove 23 drives the spring to move to the position right below the standing rod 27, the standing cylinder 26 drives the standing rod 27 to extend downwards, and the standing rod 27 compresses the spring in the material placing groove 23 to complete the standing of the spring.
As shown in fig. 3, the force measuring mechanism 24 includes a first force measuring assembly 28 and a second force measuring assembly 29 which are arranged on the worktable 2 and arranged in sequence along the circumference of the feed tray 3; after the spring is subjected to the standing processing of the standing component 25, the spring is firstly subjected to load detection by the first force measuring component 28, when the detected load value just falls on the maximum upper deviation value or the maximum lower deviation value set by the controller 60, the feeding tray 3 drives the spring to continuously move to the position below the second force measuring component 29, and the second force measuring component 29 is used for carrying out secondary detection and classification on the spring, so that the detection and classification accuracy is improved.
As shown in fig. 3, the first force measuring assembly 28 includes a first cylinder 30 fixedly disposed on the working platform 2, and a first pressure rod 31 connected to a piston rod of the first cylinder 30, wherein the first pressure rod 31 is disposed opposite to a certain material placing groove 23; when the feeding tray 3 drives the spring to move below the first pressure rod 31, the first air cylinder 30 drives the first pressure rod 31 to extend downwards, so that the load detection of the spring is realized.
As shown in fig. 3, the second force measuring assembly 29 includes a second cylinder 32 fixedly disposed on the working platform 2, and a second pressure rod 33 connected to a piston rod of the second cylinder 32, and the second pressure rod 33 is disposed opposite to a certain material placing groove 23; when the feed tray 3 drives the spring to move below the second pressure rod 33, the second air cylinder 32 drives the second pressure rod 33 to extend downwards, so that secondary load detection is realized on the spring.
As shown in fig. 1, a shield 34 made of a transparent material is provided at the periphery of the table 2; this protects the sorting device 58 during spring detection and sorting, improves operator safety, and the protective cover 34 is made of transparent material, which facilitates operator monitoring of working conditions inside the protective cover 34. An operation door 35 is provided on the shield 34, and when an accident occurs in the shield 34, an operator can open the operation door 35 and operate the internal structure.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, a funnel-shaped blanking hopper 36 communicated with the material placing groove 23 is arranged below the feeding tray 3, and a blanking pipe 37 is connected to the lower end of the blanking hopper 36; after the springs are detected twice, the springs are driven by the feeding disc 3 to move to a blanking position and fall into the blanking hopper 36 to realize blanking. The material placing groove 23 is provided with two circles, and the discharging ends of the two circles of material placing grooves 23 are communicated with the blanking hopper 36; through setting up two rings and putting silo 23 to inside and outside two rings are put silo 23 and are the setting of staggering, thereby have reduced the interval between the adjacent silo 23 of putting, improve separation efficiency.
As shown in fig. 1, 3 and 4, the blanking device 59 includes a discharge port 38 opened on the working table 2 below the feeding tray 3, a blanking hopper 36 communicated with the discharge port 38, and a blanking mechanism 39 connected to the lower end of the blanking hopper 36, the blanking mechanism 39 is provided with five outlets, and a material distribution mechanism 40 for controlling a spring discharge path is arranged in the blanking mechanism 39; after the first force measuring assembly 28 detects the springs, the controller 60 analyzes and classifies the detected data, classifies the detected springs into a certain interval, controls the material distribution mechanism 40 to operate, controls the material outlet 38 of the corresponding interval to be opened to discharge the materials from the corresponding material outlet 38, divides the detected data into five intervals through the controller 60, and sends the springs in each interval out of the corresponding outlet, so as to detect and sort the springs.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the blanking mechanism 39 includes a blanking pipe 37 connected to the blanking hopper 36 and inclined downward, and a main box 41 connected to the blanking pipe 37, the upper ends of two side walls of the main box 41 are respectively provided with an outlet a 42 and an outlet B43, the lower ends of two side walls of the main box 41 are respectively provided with an outlet C44 and an outlet D45, the bottom surface of the main box 41 is provided with an outlet E46, the outsides of the outlet a 42, the outlet B43, the outlet C44 and the outlet D45 are respectively connected with a material guide cylinder 47, the outlet a 42 and the outlet B43 are symmetrically arranged, and the outlet C44 and the outlet D45 are symmetrically arranged; the outlet A42, the outlet B43, the outlet C44, the outlet D45 and the outlet E46 correspond to a load value interval respectively, when the load value of the spring is detected to be smaller than the maximum lower limit value allowed by the spring error, the outlet A42 is opened and discharge is realized, when the load value of the spring is detected to be larger than the maximum lower limit value allowed by the spring error and smaller than the standard value of the spring, the outlet C44 is opened and discharge is realized, when the load value of the spring is detected to be equal to the standard value, the outlet E46 is opened and discharge is realized, when the load value of the spring is detected to be larger than the maximum upper limit value allowed by the error and smaller than the maximum upper limit value allowed by the error, the outlet B43 is opened and discharge is realized, when the load value of the spring is detected to be larger than the maximum upper limit value allowed by the error, the outlet D45 is opened and discharge is realized, so that five types of the spring are sorted, and, the workman can make corresponding adjustment to previous process to accomplish more accurate assurance to the processing of spring, can reduce the defective percentage to a certain extent.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the feed mechanism 40 includes an a guide plate 48 rotatably connected to an upper edge of the a outlet 42, an A cylinder 49 for controlling the rotation of the A guide plate 48 is rotatably connected between the inner wall of the guide cylinder 47 connected with the A outlet 42 and the A guide plate 48, a B guide plate 50 is rotatably connected at the upper edge of the B outlet 43, a B cylinder 51 for controlling the rotation of the B guide plate 50 is rotatably connected between the inner wall of the guide cylinder 47 connected with the B outlet 43 and the B guide plate 50, a C guide plate 52 is rotatably connected with the upper edge of the C outlet 44, a C cylinder 53 for controlling the rotation of the C guide plate 52 is rotatably connected between the inner wall of the guide cylinder 47 connected with the C outlet 44 and the C guide plate 52, a D guide plate 54 is rotatably connected with the upper edge of the D outlet 45, a D cylinder 55 for controlling the rotation of the D guide plate 54 is rotatably connected between the inner wall of the guide cylinder 47 connected to the D outlet 45 and the D guide plate 54.
As shown in fig. 4, the opening and closing of the a outlet 42, the B outlet 43, the C outlet 44 and the D outlet 45 are respectively realized by an a cylinder 49, a B cylinder 51, a C cylinder 53 and a D cylinder 55, when the spring needs to be sent out from the a outlet 42, the a cylinder 49 extends and pushes the a guide plate 48 to rotate towards the main barrel and the a guide plate 48 is positioned right below the falling direction of the spring, so that the spring falls onto the a guide plate 48 when falling from the blanking pipe 37, and is sent out from the a outlet 42 through the a guide plate 48 and then sent out through a guide barrel 47 connected with the a outlet 42; when it is desired to feed the spring out of the B outlet 43, the B cylinder 51 extends and pushes the B guide plate 50 to rotate toward the main barrel and the B guide plate 50 is located directly below the falling direction of the spring, so that the spring falls onto the B guide plate 50 when it falls from the blanking pipe 37, and is fed out of the B outlet 43 through the B guide plate 50, and is fed out through the guide cylinder 47 connected to the B outlet 43; when it is desired to send out the spring from the C outlet 44, the C cylinder 53 extends and pushes the C guide 52 to rotate toward the main barrel and the C guide 52 is positioned directly below the falling direction of the spring, so that the spring falls onto the C guide 52 when it falls from the down pipe 37, and is sent out from the C outlet 44 via the C guide 52, and is sent out through the guide cylinder 47 connected to the C outlet 44, when it is desired to send out the spring from the D outlet 45, the D cylinder 55 extends and pushes the D guide 54 to rotate toward the main barrel and the D guide 54 is positioned directly below the falling direction of the spring, so that the spring falls onto the D guide 54 when it falls from the down pipe 37, and is sent out from the D outlet 45 via the D guide 54, and is sent out through the guide cylinder 47 connected to the D outlet 45, and when it is desired to send out the spring from the E outlet 46, the A guide 48, the B guide 50, and the C guide 52 are positioned directly below the falling direction of the spring, The C guide plate 52 and the D guide plate 54 are both in a vertical state and close the A outlet 42, the B outlet 43, the C outlet 44 and the D outlet 45 respectively, so that the spring can directly fall out of the E outlet 46 when falling, and sorting of the spring is realized.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the material guiding cylinders 47 connected to the a outlet 42 and the B outlet 43 are symmetrically arranged, the material guiding cylinders 47 connected to the C outlet 44 and the D outlet 45 are symmetrically arranged, and the material guiding cylinders 47 are obliquely arranged downward toward the outside; be symmetrical arrangement like this and improve pleasing to the eye degree on the one hand, on the other hand is more convenient for the operator to remember, outwards leads the spring through guide cylinder 47 to the spring classification of different load ranges better.
As shown in fig. 4, a vertical section 56 is provided at the end of the guide cylinder 47, the spring is accelerated along the guide cylinder 47 to incline downward along the guide cylinder 47, and the vertical section 56 is provided, so that when the spring reaches the lowest end of the guide cylinder 47, the spring can change the movement direction and fall vertically under the guiding action of the vertical section 56, thereby reducing the discharging range. A receiving basket 57 is arranged below the vertical section 56 of each guide cylinder 47, and the receiving basket 57 can receive the spring sent out by the vertical section 56, so that the spring can be conveniently sorted and stored.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and all technical solutions belonging to the idea of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the present invention. It should be noted that modifications and embellishments within the scope of the invention may occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the principle of the invention, and are considered to be within the scope of the invention.

Claims (5)

1. A spring-loaded sorter characterized by: the automatic feeding device comprises a workbench (2), a sorting device (58) arranged on the workbench (2), a feeding device (1) arranged on one side of the workbench (2), and a discharging device (59) arranged below the workbench (2), wherein the sorting device (58) comprises a feeding tray (3) rotatably arranged on the workbench (2) and a plurality of material placing grooves (23) arranged along the circumference of the feeding tray (3), the discharging end of the feeding device (1) is positioned right above the material placing grooves (23), the discharging device (59) is connected to the discharging end of the sorting device (58) and is provided with five outlets, and the sorting device (58) is connected with a controller (60) used for controlling the discharging device (59); the feeding device (1) comprises a vibration disc (4) arranged on one side of a workbench (2), a discharge pipe (5) connected to the discharge end of the vibration disc (4), and a discharge control mechanism (6) connected to the tail end of the discharge pipe (5), wherein the discharge control mechanism (6) comprises a support (7) fixedly arranged on the workbench (2), a material storage part (8) arranged on the support (7) and positioned above the feed disc (3), and a control assembly (9) arranged on one side of the material storage part (8) and used for controlling discharging; the storage piece (8) is arranged in a hollow square shape, a control window (10) is formed in the side wall of the storage piece (8), the force application end of the control assembly (9) is arranged opposite to the control window (10), a detection window (11) is formed in the side wall where the control window (10) is located, the detection end of the control assembly (9) is arranged opposite to the detection window (11), and the detection window (11) is located below the control window (10); the control assembly (9) comprises an installation frame (12) fixedly connected to the material storage member (8), a first control cylinder (13) arranged on the installation frame (12), a second control cylinder (14) arranged on the installation frame (12), and an infrared sensor (15) arranged on the installation frame (12), wherein the movable end of the first control cylinder (13) is arranged right opposite to the control window (10), and the movable end of the second control cylinder (14) is arranged right opposite to the bottom of the detection window (11); a sliding groove (18) is formed in the mounting frame (12) along the longitudinal direction, a sliding block (19) is arranged in the sliding groove (18) in a sliding mode, an adjusting groove (20) is formed in the side wall of the sliding groove (18) along the longitudinal direction, an adjusting bolt (21) penetrates through the adjusting groove (20), the adjusting bolt (21) penetrates through the adjusting groove (20) and is connected to the sliding block (19) in a threaded mode, and the first control cylinder (13) is fixedly installed on the sliding block (19) through a bolt and arranged towards the control window (10); when the height of the first control cylinder (13) needs to be adjusted, the adjusting bolt (21) is loosened, the position of the sliding block (19) is adjusted, and when the sliding block (19) is adjusted to a proper position, the adjusting bolt (21) is screwed down to fix the position of the sliding block (19) and the position of the first control cylinder (13); the sorting device (58) comprises a force measuring mechanism (24) arranged on the workbench (2) and positioned above the material placing groove (23), and a standing component (25) arranged on the workbench (2) and positioned above the material placing groove (23), wherein the standing component (25) is positioned on the front side of the force measuring mechanism (24); the blanking device (59) comprises a discharge hole (38) arranged on the workbench (2) below the feeding disc (3), a blanking hopper (36) communicated with the discharge hole (38), and a blanking mechanism (39) connected to the lower end of the blanking hopper (36), wherein the blanking mechanism (39) is provided with five outlets, and a material distribution mechanism (40) used for controlling a spring discharge path is arranged in the blanking mechanism (39);
the material placing groove (23) is provided with two circles, and the discharging ends of the two circles of material placing grooves (23) are communicated with the blanking hopper (36); by arranging the two circles of material placing grooves (23) and arranging the inner circle of material placing grooves and the outer circle of material placing grooves (23) in a staggered manner, the distance between the adjacent material placing grooves (23) is reduced, and the sorting efficiency is improved; the tail end of the material guide cylinder (47) is provided with a vertical downward vertical section (56), the spring inclines downward along the material guide cylinder (47) along the acceleration of the material guide cylinder (47), the vertical section (56) is arranged, and when the spring reaches the lowest end of the material guide cylinder (47), the movement direction can be changed and the spring vertically falls down under the guiding action of the vertical section (56), so that the discharging range is reduced.
2. A spring-loaded sorter as claimed in claim 1 wherein: the vertical positioning component (25) comprises a vertical positioning cylinder (26) fixedly arranged on the workbench (2) and a vertical positioning rod (27) connected to a piston rod of the vertical positioning cylinder (26) and arranged right opposite to a certain material placing groove (23).
3. A spring-loaded sorter as claimed in claim 2 wherein: force measuring mechanism (24) are including setting up in workstation (2) and first dynamometry subassembly (28) and second dynamometry subassembly (29) that set gradually along feed table (3) circumference, first dynamometry subassembly (28) are including fixed first cylinder (30) that set up in workstation (2), connect first depression bar (31) in first cylinder (30) piston rod, first depression bar (31) are just putting silo (23) setting in a certain, second dynamometry subassembly (29) are including fixed second cylinder (32) that set up in workstation (2), connect second depression bar (33) in second cylinder (32) piston rod, second depression bar (33) are just putting silo (23) setting in a certain.
4. A spring-loaded sorter as claimed in claim 3 wherein: unloading mechanism (39) including connect in unloading pipe (37) of blanking fill (36), connect in main workbin (41) of unloading pipe (37), A export (42) and B export (43) have been seted up respectively to the both sides wall upper end of main workbin (41), and C export (44) and D export (45) have been seted up respectively to the lower extreme of main workbin (41) both sides wall, E export (46) have been seted up to main workbin (41) bottom surface, A export (42), B export (43), C export (44) all are connected with guide cylinder (47) with D export (45) outside.
5. A spring-loaded sorter as claimed in claim 4 wherein: the material distributing mechanism (40) comprises an A guide plate (48) which is rotatably connected to the upper edge of an A outlet (42), an A cylinder (49) which is used for controlling the A guide plate (48) to rotate is rotatably connected between the inner wall of a material guide cylinder (47) connected with the A outlet (42) and the A guide plate (48), the upper edge of a B outlet (43) is rotatably connected with a B guide plate (50), a B cylinder (51) which is used for controlling the B guide plate (50) to rotate is rotatably connected between the inner wall of the material guide cylinder (47) connected with the B outlet (43) and the B guide plate (50), the upper edge of a C outlet (44) is rotatably connected with a C guide plate (52), a C cylinder (53) which is used for controlling the C guide plate (52) to rotate is rotatably connected between the inner wall of the material guide cylinder (47) connected with the C outlet (44) and the C guide plate (52), and a D guide plate (54) is rotatably connected to the upper edge of a D outlet (, and a D cylinder (55) for controlling the D guide plate (54) to rotate is rotatably connected between the inner wall of the material guide cylinder (47) connected with the D outlet (45) and the D guide plate (54).
CN201810133155.0A 2018-02-09 2018-02-09 Spring load sorting machine Active CN108499899B (en)

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CN109454021B (en) * 2018-12-21 2021-06-29 季华实验室 Sole processing line intelligence sorting device
CN111230483B (en) * 2020-02-14 2021-07-27 浙江万里安全器材制造有限公司 Spring and balance wheel assembling mechanism of locking device of automobile safety belt retractor
CN111389768A (en) * 2020-03-04 2020-07-10 江苏理工学院 Rubber seal divides material recovery unit
CN111947572A (en) * 2020-07-21 2020-11-17 湖北坚丰科技股份有限公司 Finished product inspection device for shaft part machining and detection method thereof

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JP2009025186A (en) * 2007-07-20 2009-02-05 Fuji World:Kk Machine for discriminating automatic measurement inspection component, such as spring
CN103100526A (en) * 2011-11-15 2013-05-15 重庆侨龙机械制造有限公司 Full-automatic rotating disc type spring force value grouping device
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Address after: 314599 Wutong Street Economic Development Zone, Tongxiang, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, west of the East Ring Road, Wutong District

Patentee after: Zhejiang Lanling Machinery Co., Ltd

Address before: 314599 Wutong Street Economic Development Zone, Tongxiang, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, west of the East Ring Road, Wutong District

Patentee before: ZHEJIANG LANLING MACHINERY Co.,Ltd.