CN110102698A - A kind of forging line - Google Patents

A kind of forging line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110102698A
CN110102698A CN201910479062.8A CN201910479062A CN110102698A CN 110102698 A CN110102698 A CN 110102698A CN 201910479062 A CN201910479062 A CN 201910479062A CN 110102698 A CN110102698 A CN 110102698A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
upper left
bottom right
handgrip
pendulum
lead screw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910479062.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱文兵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Laizhou Ruitai Machinery Parts Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Laizhou Ruitai Machinery Parts Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Laizhou Ruitai Machinery Parts Co Ltd filed Critical Laizhou Ruitai Machinery Parts Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910479062.8A priority Critical patent/CN110102698A/en
Publication of CN110102698A publication Critical patent/CN110102698A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J5/00Methods for forging, hammering, or pressing; Special equipment or accessories therefor
    • B21J5/002Hybrid process, e.g. forging following casting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J5/00Methods for forging, hammering, or pressing; Special equipment or accessories therefor
    • B21J5/06Methods for forging, hammering, or pressing; Special equipment or accessories therefor for performing particular operations
    • B21J5/08Upsetting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J9/00Forging presses
    • B21J9/02Special design or construction
    • B21J9/025Special design or construction with rolling or wobbling dies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21KMAKING FORGED OR PRESSED METAL PRODUCTS, e.g. HORSE-SHOES, RIVETS, BOLTS OR WHEELS
    • B21K1/00Making machine elements
    • B21K1/28Making machine elements wheels; discs
    • B21K1/32Making machine elements wheels; discs discs, e.g. disc wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21KMAKING FORGED OR PRESSED METAL PRODUCTS, e.g. HORSE-SHOES, RIVETS, BOLTS OR WHEELS
    • B21K27/00Handling devices, e.g. for feeding, aligning, discharging, Cutting-off means; Arrangement thereof

Abstract

The invention belongs to machining equipment technical fields, disclose a kind of forging line, including Yu Dunji feeder mechanism, material tidying mechanism and pendulum grind feed mechanism, material tidying mechanism is located at the right front of pre- pier machine feeding mechanism, pendulum grinds the right side that feed mechanism is located at material tidying mechanism, pendulum, which grinds feed mechanism, can make workpiece or more, it front and back and moves left and right, pre- pier machine feeding mechanism uses double-station clamp, workpiece after heating is sent into pre- pier machine by pre- pier machine feeding mechanism, while completing feeding, and the workpiece processed is sent into material tidying mechanism, material tidying mechanism manages workpiece just, it is sent into pendulum and grinds feed mechanism, then pendulum grinds feed mechanism and puts the workpiece in pendulum mill mold, after processing is completed by the workpiece processed is manually put into material frame.The present invention utilizes manipulator feeding, blanking, and high degree of automation reduces cost of labor, and utmostly eliminates safe hidden trouble to the greatest extent, and machining accuracy is high, easy to operate.

Description

A kind of forging line
Technical field
The invention belongs to machining equipment technical fields, more particularly to a kind of forging line.
Background technique
There have in the accessory of the products such as automobile, engineering machinery, farm machinery to be a kind of more special, and there is diameter 140mm- in one end The ring flange of 180mm, processing technology is complex, needs the two hydraulic device cooperations of pre- pier machine and pendulum mill that can just complete the process, Two equipment are divided into Liang Ge teams and groups by 5 people and operate, wherein Yu Dun machine teams and groups are operated by 2 people, and one man operation intermediate frequency furnace is to be processed Workpiece is heated, and workpiece to be processed is placed on designated position later, and another people will be put into pre- pier with clamp for workpiece to be processed Machine, it is preliminary to fire end progress upset, then preliminary upset workpiece is placed on slideway with clamp, utilize the height at slideway both ends Difference, workpiece are tumbled from pre- pier unit to pendulum mill group;Pendulum mill teams and groups are operated by 3 people, and the employee that pendulum mill group is responsible for feeding will Workpiece is put into pendulum mill mold and carries out balance operation to workpiece, after workpiece is in place by feeding employee, puts mill bed operator Work opens pendulum and grinds equipment, and after waiting ring flanges completion of processing, workpiece is taken out work out of pendulum mill mold by pendulum mill group blanking employee Part is simultaneously put into material frame.Existing equipment and technology have the following deficiencies: on the one hand for operation equipment number it is more, so manually at This is very high;It on the other hand is manual work for all operations, there are potential security risks.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome existing forging line the degree of automation low, asking for labour cannot be sufficiently liberated Topic, provides a kind of forging line, of the invention to provide that a kind of work efficiency is high, high degree of automation, easy to use Forging line.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention are as follows: a kind of forging line includes pre- pier machine feeding Machine mechanism, material tidying mechanism and pendulum grind feed mechanism, and material tidying mechanism is located at the right front of pre- pier machine feeding mechanism, and pendulum grinds feed mechanism It is located at the right side of material tidying mechanism, the workpiece after heating is sent into pre- pier machine by pre- pier machine feeding mechanism, while completing feeding, and The workpiece processed is sent into material tidying mechanism, material tidying mechanism manages workpiece just, is sent into pendulum and grinds feed mechanism, then pendulum grinds feeder Structure is put the workpiece in pendulum mill mold, after processing is completed by the workpiece processed is manually put into material frame.
Pre- pier machine feeding mechanism uses double-station clamp, is made of three axis: left and right linkage z1 axis, upper left material x1 axis, bottom right Expect that x2 axis, three axis are single movement or linkage action, upper left material x1 axis, bottom right material x2 axis are mounted side by side on left and right linkage z1 axis On.
Left and right linkage z1 axis includes feeding chassis, lead screw, servo motor and the linear guide being mounted on above feeding chassis, The upper center of feeding chassis is arranged in lead screw, and servo motor is mounted on the left end of lead screw, and servo motor drives lead screw rotation.
Upper left material x1 axis includes upper left material track base, the upper left material pedestal being mounted on the material track base of upper left, upper left material step Into motor, upper left material feeding slipway, the upper left material linear guide being mounted on the material pedestal of upper left, it is mounted on upper left material the middle of the base Upper left material lead screw, upper left material square tube and be mounted on upper left material square tube front end upper left feed collet pincers, upper left expect track base cooperation peace In linear guide and lead screw, upper left material feeding slipway is fitted in upper left material linear guide and upper left material lead screw, left Feeding square tube is mounted on the material feeding slipway of upper left, and upper left material stepper motor is mounted on upper left material base rear end, for controlling a left side The movement of feeding lead screw.
Bottom right material x2 axis includes bottom right material track base, the bottom right material pedestal being mounted on the material track base of bottom right, is mounted on the right side The bottom right material lead screw of blanking the middle of the base, bottom right material stepper motor, bottom right the material linear guide, the right side being mounted on the material pedestal of bottom right Blanking feeding slipway, the bottom right material square tube being mounted on the material feeding slipway of bottom right and the bottom right material for being mounted on bottom right material square tube front end Clamp, bottom right material feeding slipway are fitted in bottom right material linear guide and bottom right material lead screw, and track base cooperation peace is expected in bottom right In linear guide and bottom right material lead screw, bottom right material stepper motor is mounted on bottom right material base rear end, for controlling bottom right material The movement of lead screw.
Material tidying mechanism include include reason material bracket, the reason material chassis on the resonable material bracket of installation, on the resonable material chassis of installation Synchronous belt slide unit mould group, the support frame slide unit, handgrip and the handgrip stepper motor that are fitted in synchronous belt slide unit mould group, branch Support slide unit is equipped with motor fixing seat, and motor fixing seat front end is connected with handgrip stepper motor, and motor fixing seat rear end is equipped with Swivel plate, swivel plate rear end is side by side up and down to set that there are two handgrips, the rotation of handgrip step motor control swivel plate, and then drives and grab The rotation of hand, the reason material stepper motor for being mounted on synchronous belt slide unit mould group left end are used to drive the movement of synchronous belt slide unit mould group.
Pendulum grind feed mechanism can make workpiece up and down, front and back and move left and right, including feeding bracket, be mounted on feeding bracket Left and right support, left and right pedestal, left and right servo motor, the front and back support being mounted on the pedestal of left and right, front and back pedestal, pendulum grind slide unit Mould group, support base, handgrip support frame, handgrip level frame, pneumatic gripping device and front and back servo motor, left and right servo motor are mounted on a left side One end of right support abutment, left and right support upper center are equipped with left and right lead screw, and left and right servo motor drives the movement of left and right lead screw, left and right Support two sides are equipped with left and right sliding rail, and left and right base engagement is mounted on left and right sliding rail and left and right lead screw, front and back support left side central portion Equipped with front and back lead screw, front and back lead screw is driven by synchronous pulley by front and back servo motor and is rotated, and front and back is equipped on the left of the support of front and back Sliding rail, front and back base engagement are mounted on the left side of front and back lead screw and front and back sliding rail, and pendulum grinds slide unit mould group and front and back pedestal is arranged in Left side, support base are located at the left side that pendulum grinds slide unit mould group, and support base grinds the movement in slide unit mould group in pendulum and grinds mould group by being located at pendulum The servo motor up and down of top drives, and handgrip support frame is vertically installed on support base, and handgrip level frame is horizontally arranged at handgrip Support frame lower end, pneumatic gripping device are mounted below handgrip level frame.
The operation principle of the present invention is that: operating mode is selected as " automatic continuous ", is manually put into the workpiece after heating On feeding frame support, presses " starting " button, upper left feed collet pincers and bottom right feed collet pincers while advancing, it is left after reaching setting position Feeding clamp and bottom right feed collet pincers respectively retreat Workpiece clamping, delay 0.5s rear left feeding clamp and bottom right feed collet pincers to rear End, servo motor high speed rotation drive upper left material x1 axis and bottom right material x2 axis to be quickly moved horizontally to setting position, upper left to the right Feed collet pincers and bottom right feed collet clamp while advancing to each setting position, and pre- pier machine starts automatic job, and feed collet pincers in upper left send workpiece Enter in pre- pier machine, feed collet pincers in bottom right are by the workpiece holding in subsequent cycle, while the handgrip of material tidying mechanism will be in bottom right feed collet pincers Workpiece clamping, be delayed 0.5s rear left feeding clamp and bottom right feed collet pincers simultaneously unclamp, upper left feed collet pincers and bottom right feed collet clamp it is fast Speed is retreated to rear end, and servo motor high speed rotation drives upper left material x1 axis and bottom right material x2 axis to be quickly moved horizontally to feeding to the left Chassis left end, waiting " starts " signal again, while the handgrip stepper motor of material tidying mechanism starts to rotate, and is driven by swivel plate Handgrip rotates clockwise 90 °, and workpiece is rotated to be horizontality by plumbness, later, reason material stepper motor high speed rotation band Dynamic handgrip is moved horizontally to the right setting position, reaches the left and right servo motor high speed rotation drive of pendulum stone roller feed mechanism behind position Pendulum grinds slide unit mould group and advances to right end, and pneumatic gripping device decline, pneumatic gripping device steps up workpiece after reaching designated position, handgrip pine It opens, is delayed after 0.5s, servo motor high speed opposite direction rotation band movable pendulum in front and back is ground slide unit mould group and is retreated, after reaching setting position, Reason material stepper motor high speed opposite direction rotation drives handgrip to move horizontally to the left, in the process handgrip stepper motor while negative side To rotation, handgrip is driven to be rotated by 90 ° counterclockwise by swivel plate, at the same time, pendulum grinds slide unit mould group and retreats to designated position, Upper and lower servo motor, left and right servo motor, front and back servo motor link simultaneously, put the workpiece in pendulum and grind in mechanism mould, pneumatically Handgrip unclamps, and is delayed after 0.5s, and upper and lower servo motor, left and right servo motor, front and back servo motor link simultaneously makes pneumatic gripping device Initial position is returned to, waiting " starts " signal next time.
The utility model has the advantages that
1. the present invention solves existing equipment defect, using manipulator feeding, blanking, artificial quantity is saved, has been reduced Cost of labor, and utmostly eliminate safe hidden trouble to the greatest extent, machining accuracy is high, easy to operate.
2. current collection air-liquid pressure of the present invention, pneumatic, machinery are in one, high degree of automation is compact-sized, and performance is prominent, is First forging line robotic device in the industry.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the pre- pier machine feeding mechanism main view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the pre- pier machine feeding mechanism top view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the pre- pier machine feeding machine structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is material tidying mechanism top view of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is material tidying mechanism structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is that present invention pendulum grinds feed mechanism structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is that present invention pendulum grinds feed mechanism top view;
Fig. 9 is that present invention pendulum grinds feed mechanism main view;
As shown in figs 1-9: pre- pier machine feeding mechanism 1, material tidying mechanism 2, reason material bracket 21, synchronous belt slide unit mould group 22, electricity Machine fixing seat 23, support frame slide unit 24, swivel plate 25, handgrip 26, pendulum mill mold 3, pendulum grind feed mechanism 4, pre- pier machine 5, a left side Straight line is expected in feeding x1 axis 6, upper left material lead screw 61, upper left material pedestal 62, upper left material square tube 63, upper left material feeding slipway 64, upper left Pedestal 72, bottom right are expected in guide rail 65, upper left material track base 66, upper left feed collet pincers 67, bottom right material x2 axis 7, bottom right material lead screw 71, bottom right Expect square tube 73, bottom right material feeding slipway 74, bottom right material linear guide 75, bottom right material track base 76, bottom right feed collet pincers 77, left and right connection Dynamic z1 axis 8, feeding chassis 81, linear guide 82, lead screw 83, handgrip support frame 9, handgrip level frame 10, pneumatic gripping device 11, feeding Bracket 12, left and right support 13, left and right sliding rail 14, left and right lead screw 15, left and right pedestal 16, front and back support 17, front and back lead screw 18, front and back Sliding rail 19, pendulum grind slide unit mould group 20.
Specific embodiment
In order to which the technical problems, technical solutions and beneficial effects solved by the present invention is more clearly understood, below in conjunction with Accompanying drawings and embodiments, the present invention will be described in further detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only to It explains the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
A kind of forging line includes that Yu Dunji feeder mechanism 1, material tidying mechanism 2 and pendulum grind feed mechanism 4, material tidying mechanism 2 are located at the right front of pre- pier machine feeding mechanism 1, and pendulum grinds the right side that feed mechanism 4 is located at material tidying mechanism 2, pre- pier machine feeding mechanism 1 Workpiece after heating is sent into pre- pier machine 5, is sent into material tidying mechanism 2, reason material while completing feeding, and by the workpiece processed Mechanism 2 manages workpiece just, is sent into pendulum and grinds feed mechanism 4, and then pendulum grinds feed mechanism 4 and puts the workpiece in pendulum mill mold 3, adds By the workpiece processed is manually put into material frame after the completion of work.
Pre- pier machine feeding mechanism 1 uses double-station clamp, is made of three axis: left and right linkage z1 axis 8, upper left material x1 axis 6, the right side Blanking x2 axis 7, three axis are single movement or linkage action, and upper left material x1 axis 6, bottom right material x2 axis 7 are mounted side by side on left and right linkage On z1 axis 8.
Left and right linkage z1 axis 8 includes feeding chassis 81, lead screw 83, servo motor and is mounted on the straight of 81 top of feeding chassis The upper center of feeding chassis 81 is arranged in line guide rail 82, lead screw 83, and servo motor is mounted on the left end of lead screw 83, servo motor Lead screw 83 is driven to rotate.
Expect that x1 axis 6 includes upper left material track base 66, the upper left material pedestal 62 being mounted on the material track base 66 of upper left, a left side in upper left Feeding stepper motor, the upper left material linear guide 65 being mounted on the material pedestal 62 of upper left, is mounted on a left side at upper left material feeding slipway 64 Upper left material lead screw 61, upper left material square tube 63 and the upper left feed collet pincers for being mounted on upper left material 63 front end of square tube at 62 middle part of feeding pedestal 67, upper left material track base 66 is fitted in linear guide 65 and lead screw 83, and upper left material feeding slipway 64 is fitted to a left side In feeding linear guide 65 and upper left material lead screw 61, upper left material square tube 63 is mounted on the material feeding slipway 64 of upper left, upper left material step It is mounted on upper left material 62 rear end of pedestal into motor, for controlling the movement of upper left material lead screw 61.
Bottom right material x2 axis 7 includes bottom right material track base 76, the bottom right material pedestal 72 being mounted on the material track base 76 of bottom right, peace Bottom right material lead screw 71, bottom right material stepper motor, the bottom right being mounted on the material pedestal 72 of bottom right mounted in 72 middle part of bottom right material pedestal Material linear guide 75, bottom right material feeding slipway 74, the bottom right being mounted on the material feeding slipway 74 of bottom right are expected square tube 73 and are mounted on Expect that the bottom right feed collet pincers 77 of 73 front end of square tube, bottom right material feeding slipway 74 are fitted to bottom right material linear guide 75 and the right side in bottom right On blanking lead screw 71, bottom right material track base 76 is fitted in linear guide 75 and lead screw 83, and stepper motor installation is expected in bottom right 72 rear end of pedestal is expected in bottom right, for controlling the movement of bottom right material lead screw 71.
Material tidying mechanism 2 include include reason material bracket 21, the reason material chassis on the resonable material bracket 21 of installation, the resonable material bottom of installation It synchronous belt slide unit mould group 22 on frame, the support frame slide unit 24 being fitted in synchronous belt slide unit mould group 22, handgrip 26 and grabs Hand stepper motor, support frame slide unit 24 are equipped with motor fixing seat 23, and 23 front end of motor fixing seat is connected with handgrip stepper motor, 23 rear end of motor fixing seat is equipped with swivel plate 25, and 25 rear end of swivel plate is side by side up and down to set that there are two handgrip, handgrip stepper motor controls The rotation of swivel plate 25 processed, and then the rotation of handgrip 26 is driven, it is mounted on the reason material stepping electricity of 22 left end of synchronous belt slide unit mould group Machine is used to drive the movement of synchronous belt slide unit mould group 22.
Pendulum grind feed mechanism can make workpiece up and down, front and back and move left and right, including feeding bracket 12, be mounted on feeding bracket Left and right support 13, left and right pedestal 16, left and right servo motor, the front and back support 17 being mounted on left and right pedestal 16, front and back on 12 Pedestal, pendulum grind slide unit mould group 20, support base, handgrip support frame 9, handgrip level frame 10, pneumatic gripping device 11 and front and back servo motor, Left and right servo motor is mounted on one end of left and right support 13, and support 13 upper center in left and right is equipped with left and right lead screw 15, left and right servo The movement of motor driven or so lead screw 15,13 two sides of left and right support are equipped with left and right sliding rail 14, and left and right pedestal 15 is fitted to a left side On right sliding rail 14 and left and right lead screw 15, support 17 left side central portion in front and back is equipped with front and back lead screw 18, and front and back lead screw 18 is by front and back servo Motor is driven by synchronous pulley and is rotated, and front and back sliding rail 19 is equipped on the left of front and back support 17, and front and back base engagement is mounted on front and back The left side of lead screw 18 and front and back sliding rail 19, pendulum grind the left side that front and back pedestal is arranged in slide unit mould group 20, and support base is located at pendulum and grinds cunning The left side of platform mould group 20, support base grind the movement in slide unit mould group 20 by being located at the electricity of servo up and down put and ground above mould group 20 in pendulum Machine driving, handgrip support frame 9 are vertically installed on support base, and handgrip level frame 10 is horizontally arranged at 9 lower end of handgrip support frame, gas Dynamic handgrip 11 is mounted on 10 lower section of handgrip level frame.
Working principle are as follows: operating mode is selected as " automatic continuous ", the workpiece after heating is manually put into upper material frame branch On support, " starting " button is pressed, the upper left feed collet pincers 67 and bottom right feed collet pincers 77 advance simultaneously, after reaching setting position, institute Upper left feed collet pincers 67 and bottom right feed collet pincers 77 are stated respectively for Workpiece clamping, and the upper left feed collet pincers 67 and bottom right are expected after the 0.5s that is delayed Clamp 77 is retreated to rear end, and the servo motor high speed rotation drives upper left material x1 axis 6 and bottom right material x2 axis 7 quickly horizontal to the right Mobile 1000mm, the upper left feed collet pincers 67 and bottom right feed collet pincers 77 advance to each setting position simultaneously, and pre- pier machine 5 starts automatically Workpiece is sent into pre- pier machine 5 by operation, upper left feed collet pincers 67, in subsequent cycle bottom right feed collet pincers 77 by the workpiece holding, Bottom right feed collet is clamped the Workpiece clamping in 77 by the handgrip 26 of the material tidying mechanism 2 simultaneously, the upper left feed collet pincers after the 0.5s that is delayed 67 and bottom right feed collet pincers 77 unclamp simultaneously, retrogressings are described to watch to rear end rapidly for the upper left feed collet pincers 67 and bottom right feed collet pincers 77 Taking motor high speed rotation drives upper left material x1 axis 6 and bottom right material x2 axis 7 quickly to move horizontally 1000mm to the left, waits again " starting " signal, while the handgrip stepper motor of the material tidying mechanism 2 starts to rotate, and drives handgrip 26 by the swivel plate 25 90 ° are rotated clockwise, workpiece is rotated to be into horizontality by plumbness, later, the reason expects stepper motor high speed rotation band Dynamic handgrip 26 moves horizontally to the right 800mm, and pendulum grinds the left and right servo motor high speed rotation of feed mechanism 4 with movable pendulum after reaching position It grinding slide unit mould group 20 and advances to right end, the pneumatic gripping device 11 declines, and pneumatic gripping device 11 steps up workpiece after reaching designated position, The handgrip 26 of the material tidying mechanism 2 unclamps, and is delayed after 0.5s, and the front and back servo motor high speed opposite direction rotation band movable pendulum, which is ground, to be slided Platform mould group 20 retreats, and after reaching setting position, the reason material stepper motor high speed opposite direction rotation drives handgrip 26 horizontal to the left Mobile 800mm, in the process handgrip stepper motor opposite direction rotation simultaneously drive handgrip 26 to revolve counterclockwise by swivel plate 25 Turn 90 °, at the same time, the pendulum grinds slide unit mould group 20 and retreats to designated position, the servo motor up and down, left and right servo electricity Machine, front and back servo motor link simultaneously, put the workpiece in pendulum and grind in mechanism mould 3, and the pneumatic gripping device 11 unclamps, and be delayed 0.5s Afterwards, servo motor, left and right servo motor, the front and back servo motor up and down link simultaneously makes pneumatic gripping device 11 return to initial bit It sets, waiting " starts " signal next time.
When element is referred to as " being fixed on " or " being set to " another element, it can directly on the other element or Indirectly on another element, when an element is known as " being connected to " another element, it can be directly to Another element is indirectly connected on another element.
Inferior positional terms on left and right in the present embodiment are only relative concept or the normal use shape with product each other State is reference, and be should not be regarded as restrictive.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention within mind and principle.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of forging line, it is characterised in that: grind feeding including Yu Dunji feeder mechanism (1), material tidying mechanism (2) and pendulum Mechanism (4), the material tidying mechanism (2) are located at the right front of pre- pier machine feeding mechanism (1), and the pendulum grinds feed mechanism (4) and is located at The right side of material tidying mechanism (2);
The pre- pier machine feeding mechanism (1) uses double-station clamp, is made of three axis: left and right linkage z1 axis (8), upper left material x1 axis (6), bottom right material x2 axis (7), three axis are single movement or linkage action, and upper left material x1 axis (6), bottom right material x2 axis (7) are simultaneously Row is mounted in left and right linkage z1 axis (8);
Left and right linkage z1 axis (8) includes feeding chassis (81), lead screw (83), servo motor and is mounted on feeding chassis (81) The linear guide (82) of top, upper center of lead screw (83) setting in feeding chassis (81);
Upper left material x1 axis (6) includes upper left material track base (66), the upper left being mounted on upper left material track base (66) material bottom Seat (62), upper left material stepper motor, upper left material feeding slipway (64), the upper left material straight line being mounted on upper left material pedestal (62) are led Rail (65), upper left material lead screw (61) being mounted in the middle part of upper left material pedestal (62), upper left expect square tube (63) and are mounted on upper left material The upper left feed collet of square tube (63) front end clamps (67), and upper left material feeding slipway (64) is fitted to upper left material linear guide (65) and on upper left material lead screw (61), upper left material square tube (63) is mounted on upper left material feeding slipway (64);
Bottom right material x2 axis (7) includes bottom right material track base (76), the bottom right being mounted on bottom right material track base (76) material bottom Seat (72), bottom right material stepper motor, is mounted on bottom right material bottom at bottom right material lead screw (71) being mounted in the middle part of bottom right material pedestal (72) Bottom right material linear guide (75), bottom right on seat (72) are expected feeding slipway (74), are mounted on bottom right material feeding slipway (74) Feeding slipway is expected in bottom right material square tube (73) and the bottom right feed collet pincers (77) for being mounted on bottom right material square tube (73) front end, the bottom right (74) it is fitted on bottom right material linear guide (75) and bottom right material lead screw (71).
2. a kind of forging line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the material tidying mechanism (2) includes reason material branch Reason on frame (21), the resonable material bracket (21) of installation is expected chassis, the synchronous belt slide unit mould group (22) on the resonable material chassis of installation, is matched Conjunction is mounted on support frame slide unit (24), handgrip (26) and handgrip stepper motor in synchronous belt slide unit mould group (22), the support Frame slide unit (24) is equipped with motor fixing seat (23), and motor fixing seat (23) front end is connected with handgrip stepper motor, described Motor fixing seat (23) rear end is equipped with swivel plate (25), and swivel plate (25) rear end is side by side up and down to set that there are two handgrips, described The rotation of handgrip step motor control swivel plate (25), and then the rotation of handgrip (26) is driven, it is mounted on synchronous belt slide unit mould group (22) the reason material stepper motor of left end is used to drive the movement of synchronous belt slide unit mould group (22).
3. a kind of forging line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: it includes upper that the pendulum, which grinds feed mechanism (4), Expect bracket (12), the left and right support (13) being mounted on feeding bracket (12), left and right pedestal (16), left and right servo motor, installation Support (17), front and back pedestal, pendulum grind slide unit mould group (20), support base, handgrip support frame before and after on left and right pedestal (16) (9), handgrip level frame (10), pneumatic gripping device (11) and front and back servo motor, the left and right servo motor are mounted on left and right support (13) one end, left and right support (13) upper center are equipped with left and right lead screw (15), left and right servo motor driving left and right The movement of lead screw (15), left and right support (13) two sides are equipped with left and right sliding rail (14), and the left and right pedestal (15) is coupled On left and right sliding rail (14) and left and right lead screw (15), front and back support (17) left side central portion is equipped with front and back lead screw (18), described Front and back lead screw (18) is driven by synchronous pulley by front and back servo motor and is rotated, and it is sliding that front and back is equipped on the left of the front and back support (17) Rail (19), the front and back base engagement are mounted on the left side of front and back lead screw (18) and front and back sliding rail (19), and the pendulum grinds slide unit mould The left side of front and back pedestal is arranged in group (20), and the support base is located at the left side that pendulum grinds slide unit mould group (20), and the support base exists Pendulum grinds the movement on slide unit mould group (20) and is driven by being located at the servo motor up and down that pendulum is ground above mould group (20), the handgrip support Frame (9) is vertically installed on support base, and the handgrip level frame (10) is horizontally arranged at handgrip support frame (9) lower end, the gas Dynamic handgrip (11) are mounted below handgrip level frame (10).
4. a kind of forging line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: upper left material track base (66) and bottom right Material track base (76) is fitted to side by side in linear guide (82) and lead screw (83).
5. a kind of forging line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the servo motor is mounted on lead screw (83) Left end, servo motor driving lead screw (83) rotation;
The upper left material stepper motor is mounted on upper left material pedestal (62) rear end, for controlling the movement of upper left material lead screw (61);
The bottom right material stepper motor is mounted on bottom right material pedestal (72) rear end, for controlling the movement of bottom right material lead screw (71).
6. a kind of forging line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the working principle of the forging line Are as follows: operating mode is selected as " automatic continuous ", manually the workpiece after heating is put on feeding frame support, is pressed by " starting " Button, the upper left feed collet pincers (67) and bottom right feed collet pincers (77) advance simultaneously, after reaching setting position, the upper left feed collet pincers (67) and bottom right feed collet pincers (77) are respectively by Workpiece clamping, the upper left feed collet pincers (67) and bottom right feed collet pincers after the 0.5s that is delayed (77) it retreats to rear end, the servo motor high speed rotation drives upper left material x1 axis (6) and the quick water to the right of bottom right material x2 axis (7) Flat to be moved to setting position, the upper left feed collet pincers (67) and bottom right feed collet pincers (77) advance to each setting position, pre- pier simultaneously Machine (5) starts automatic job, and workpiece is sent into pre- pier machine (5) by the upper left feed collet pincers (67), bottom right feed collet in subsequent cycle (77) are clamped by the workpiece holding, while bottom right feed collet is clamped the Workpiece clamping in (77) by the handgrip (26) of the material tidying mechanism (2), The upper left feed collet pincers (67) and bottom right feed collet pincers (77) unclamp simultaneously after delay 0.5s, the upper left feed collet pincers (67) and bottom right Feed collet clamps (77) and retreats rapidly to rear end, and the servo motor high speed rotation drives upper left material x1 axis (6) and bottom right material x2 axis (7) Quickly it is moved horizontally to feeding chassis (81) left end to the left, waiting " starts " signal again, while the material tidying mechanism (2) are grabbed Hand stepper motor starts to rotate, and drives handgrip (26) to rotate clockwise 90 ° by the swivel plate (25), by workpiece by vertical configuration State rotates to be horizontality, and later, the reason material stepper motor high speed rotation drives handgrip (26) to be moved horizontally to setting to the right Position, pendulum grinds the left and right servo motor high speed rotation of feed mechanism (4) with movable pendulum stone roller slide unit mould group (20) advance after reaching position To right end, pneumatic gripping device (11) decline, pneumatic gripping device (11) steps up workpiece after reaching designated position, the material tidying mechanism (2) handgrip (26) unclamps, and is delayed after 0.5s, and the front and back servo motor high speed opposite direction rotation band movable pendulum grinds slide unit mould group (20) it retreats, after reaching setting position, the reason material stepper motor high speed opposite direction rotation drives handgrip (26) are horizontal to the left to move Dynamic, handgrip stepper motor opposite direction rotation simultaneously in the process drives handgrip (26) to rotate counterclockwise by swivel plate (25) 90 °, at the same time, the pendulum grinds slide unit mould group (20) and retreats to designated position, the servo motor up and down, left and right servo electricity Machine, front and back servo motor link simultaneously, put the workpiece in pendulum and grind in mechanism mould (3), and the pneumatic gripping device (11) is unclamped, delay After 0.5s, servo motor, left and right servo motor, the front and back servo motor up and down link simultaneously and return to pneumatic gripping device (11) just Beginning position, waiting " start " signal next time.
CN201910479062.8A 2019-06-04 2019-06-04 A kind of forging line Pending CN110102698A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110560626A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-12-13 四川航天神坤科技有限公司 automatic feeding equipment for blade forging and blade rolling forging method
CN111633169A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-08 马鞍山市福德机械制造有限公司 Forging process for die pressing groove of groove ring
CN112873570A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-06-01 广州钧天自动化科技有限责任公司 Full-automatic machining equipment and machining method for graphite clamping flap

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110560626A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-12-13 四川航天神坤科技有限公司 automatic feeding equipment for blade forging and blade rolling forging method
CN111633169A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-08 马鞍山市福德机械制造有限公司 Forging process for die pressing groove of groove ring
CN112873570A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-06-01 广州钧天自动化科技有限责任公司 Full-automatic machining equipment and machining method for graphite clamping flap

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