CN110048667A - A kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate - Google Patents

A kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110048667A
CN110048667A CN201910270405.XA CN201910270405A CN110048667A CN 110048667 A CN110048667 A CN 110048667A CN 201910270405 A CN201910270405 A CN 201910270405A CN 110048667 A CN110048667 A CN 110048667A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power generation
photovoltaic power
generation plate
shaft
dust
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910270405.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏浩然
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Southeast University
Original Assignee
Southeast University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Southeast University filed Critical Southeast University
Priority to CN201910270405.XA priority Critical patent/CN110048667A/en
Publication of CN110048667A publication Critical patent/CN110048667A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • H02S40/12Means for removing snow
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of dust-extraction units that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate, including pedestal, elevation mount, photovoltaic power generation plate, cleaning device and controller, elevation mount is horizontally set on the surface of pedestal, and photovoltaic power generation plate is located at the top of elevation mount;Cleaning device is located at the side of photovoltaic power generation plate.The present invention detects that there is photovoltaic power generation plate surface dust or accumulated snow to adjust cleaning assembly moving back and forth in photovoltaic power generation plate by inductor, to achieve the purpose that remove the dust or accumulated snow of photovoltaic power generation plate surface, when inductor detects that lighting angle changes, rotary components and telescopic component are adjusted by controller to realize that photovoltaic power generation plate is constantly in the optimum position of lighting angle, cleaning cost can not only be saved, it uses manpower and material resources sparingly, improve cleaning efficiency, and do not scratch the surface of photovoltaic power generation plate, it can also ensure that photovoltaic power generation plate is in optimal lighting angle, substantially increase the generating efficiency of photovoltaic power generation plate.

Description

A kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate
Technical field
The present invention relates to power equipment clean automatically field more particularly to it is a kind of for photovoltaic power generation plate automatically track and Remove the snow dust-extraction unit.
Background technique
With the continuous development of science and technology, fossil energy is increasingly in short supply, and solar energy is clear as a kind of no pollution to the environment The clean energy is increasingly valued by people.The solar energy of earth acquisition per second is equivalent to 5,000,000 tons of fat coals of burning and issues Energy.China is that one of the most abundant country of solar energy, China's solar energy irradiate total amount and is greater than 5,020,000 kilojoules square in the world Rice, 2200 hours areas of year sunshine time account for about 2/3 or more China's national territorial area, especially west area, sunshine-duration in year Up to 3000 hours or more, making full use of solar energy resources gradually became the trend of social progressive development, thus solar energy photovoltaic panel Component comes into being.
Solar energy photovoltaic panel is the power generator that a kind of exposure will generate direct current in the sun, by semiconductor material Thin body solid photovoltaic cell composition made of (such as silicon), solar energy are paid attention to opening as renewable and clean energy resource by many countries Hair and utilization.From initial solar water heater to subsequent solar power generation, more and more solar utilization technique applications Into people's lives, solar energy has become the indispensable energy of social development.In recent years, solar energy photovoltaic panel is by everybody It is widely used, the use of solar energy photovoltaic panel greatly alleviates the tension pressure of electricity consumption.However due to city industrialization and sky Gas pollution is increasingly serious, and solar energy photovoltaic panel in use, is generally set up directly on outdoor, leads to solar energy photovoltaic panel product Dirt problem is serious, significantly impacts absorption and transfer efficiency of the solar energy photovoltaic panel to sunlight, and its setting angle can be straight The generating efficiency for influencing device of solar generating is connect, and is not only worked not in the cleaning process of modern tradition solar energy photovoltaic panel Just, large labor intensity, cleaning effect is poor, and water consumption is big, at high cost, cannot achieve and regularly cleans, and in power generation process, Because the continuous variation of sun angle in one day so that cannot all generate electricity, thus need to possess self-cleaning function and can automatically with The solar energy photovoltaic panel of track.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of to be used for photovoltaic power generation plate with automatically cleaning and automatic tracking function The dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow.
Technical solution: the present invention includes pedestal, elevation mount, photovoltaic power generation plate, cleaning device and controller, and described bows The surface that device is horizontally set on pedestal is faced upward, the photovoltaic power generation plate is located at the top of elevation mount;The pitching dress It sets including rotary components and telescopic component, the rotary components are horizontally set on above pedestal, and the telescopic component is located at At the top of rotary components, rotary components are sequentially connected with pedestal and telescopic component respectively;The photovoltaic power generation plate is located at flexible group The top of part, and be sequentially connected with telescopic component;The cleaning device is located at the side of photovoltaic power generation plate, and cleaning device includes Driving assembly and dust removal assembly, the driving assembly are located at the bottom of photovoltaic power generation plate, and dust removal assembly is located at photovoltaic power generation plate Top, the driving assembly and dust removal assembly are sequentially connected;The other side of photovoltaic power generation plate is provided with inductor, described Controller is to be electrically connected with inductor, rotary components, telescopic component and driving assembly.
The driving assembly includes square frame and driving motor, and the driving motor is along the length side of square frame To the side for being fixed on square frame, photovoltaic power generation plate is fixed at the top of square frame.
The dust removal assembly includes bar shaped support frame, and bar shaped support frame is arranged along the width direction of square frame, and two Side end is respectively positioned on the outside of square frame, in the bottom insertion square frame of bar shaped support frame;The output shaft of the driving motor Square frame and bar shaped support frame are both passed through, the end of driving motor output shaft and square frame are hinged;The bar shaped support frame Both ends be equipped with control box, the dust removal assembly further includes cleaning assembly, and cleaning assembly is horizontally set on photovoltaic power generation plate Top, the elongated end at the cleaning assembly both ends is provided with fixed link.
The control box includes oscillating rod, tension spring, fixing axle and limit base, and the fixing axle is horizontally set on two It controls inside box side adjacent to each other, oscillating rod is hinged with fixing axle, and the upper end of oscillating rod passes through at the top of control box and cleaning The fixed link of component is fixed, and pull rod is additionally provided on the outside of oscillating rod, and control cassette bottom end is provided with pulling buckle, connects between pulling buckle and pull rod It is connected to tension spring.
The cleaning assembly includes dust-removing rod, dedusting adhesive tape and water tank, and the dedusting adhesive tape uses V-structure, if It sets in the outer cylindrical wall of dust-removing rod, the dust-removing rod is equipped with several with dedusting adhesive tape coupling part and dedusting adhesive tape surface A apopore, dust-removing rod one end is horizontally disposed water inlet.
The rotary components include support plate and rotating electric machine, and the support plate is located at right above pedestal, support plate Bottom is equipped with driving wheel, and driving wheel is connect by bearing with pedestal, and rotating electric machine setting is in support plate side, rotating electric machine output The elongated end of axis is horizontally disposed driving wheel, passes through transmission band connection between driven wheel and driving wheel.
The telescopic component includes that two groups of triangle support frames and two telescopic rods, the triangle support frame are fixed At the both ends of support plate, for the vertex of triangle support frame through there is the second shaft, the side of the second shaft is equipped with first rotating shaft, The other side is equipped with third shaft, and first rotating shaft, the second shaft and third shaft are located at approximately the same plane, and the both ends side of being each attached to On shape frame, the 4th shaft and the 5th shaft, the telescopic rod are equipped between the corresponding two articles of sides of two groups of triangle support frames It is fixed between first rotating shaft and the 4th shaft and between third shaft and the 5th shaft.
The utility model has the advantages that the present invention detects photovoltaic power generation plate surface with dust or accumulated snow to adjust clearly by inductor Component moving back and forth in photovoltaic power generation plate is washed, to reach the dust or accumulated snow for removing photovoltaic power generation plate surface Purpose, and when inductor detects that lighting angle changes, rotary components and telescopic component are adjusted come real by controller Existing photovoltaic power generation plate is constantly in the optimum position of lighting angle, can not only save cleaning cost, use manpower and material resources sparingly, and improves Cleaning efficiency, and the surface of photovoltaic power generation plate is not scratched, additionally it is possible to guarantee that photovoltaic power generation plate is in optimal lighting angle, significantly Improve the generating efficiency of photovoltaic power generation plate.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic perspective view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is schematic perspective view of the invention;
Fig. 3 is sectional perspective schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view in Fig. 4 along A-A;
Fig. 6 is sectional perspective schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 6 at B;
Fig. 8 is sectional perspective schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 9 is the schematic enlarged-scale view in Fig. 8 at C;
Figure 10 is sectional perspective schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the top view of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the cross-sectional view in Figure 11 along D-D.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings.
As shown in Figures 1 to 12, the present invention includes pedestal 1, photovoltaic power generation plate 2, inductor 3, controller 4, square frame 5, driving motor 6, bar shaped support frame 7, the first avoid holes 8, sliding slot 9, sliding block 10, control box 11, oscillating rod 12, tension spring 13, Gu Dead axle 14, limit base 15, pulling buckle 17, pull rod 18, driving lever 19, the second avoid holes 20, dust-removing rod 21, adhesive tape 22, water tank 23, water outlet Hole 24, water inlet 25, liquid filling hole 26, drainage hole 27, support plate 28, rotating electric machine 29, transmission belt 30, triangle support frame 31, First rotating shaft 32, the second shaft 33, third shaft 34, the 4th shaft 35, the 5th shaft 36, loop bar 37, inserted link 38 and flexible electricity Machine 39.
The present invention includes pedestal 1, elevation mount, photovoltaic power generation plate 2, cleaning device and controller 4, such as Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 institute Show, elevation mount is horizontally set on the surface of pedestal 1, and photovoltaic power generation plate 2 is located at the top of elevation mount;Elevation mount includes Rotary components and telescopic component, rotary components are horizontally set on 1 top of pedestal, and telescopic component is located at the top of rotary components, pedestal 1, rotary components and telescopic component are arranged successively along the vertical direction, and rotary components are sequentially connected with pedestal 1 and telescopic component respectively; Photovoltaic power generation plate 2 is located at the top of telescopic component, and is sequentially connected with telescopic component;Cleaning device is located at photovoltaic power generation plate 2 Side, cleaning device include driving assembly and dust removal assembly, and driving assembly is located at the bottom of photovoltaic power generation plate 2, and driving group The length direction of part and the width direction of photovoltaic power generation plate 2 are perpendicular, and dust removal assembly is located at the top of photovoltaic power generation plate 2, and Horizontal reciprocating movement, the length direction of dust removal assembly and the length direction of photovoltaic power generation plate 2 can be done at the top of photovoltaic power generation plate 2 Perpendicular, driving assembly and dust removal assembly are sequentially connected;The other side of photovoltaic power generation plate 2 is provided with inductor 3, and controller 4 is solid It is scheduled on rotary components, is to be electrically connected with inductor 3, rotary components, telescopic component and driving assembly.
As shown in Figures 3 to 6, driving assembly includes square frame 5 and two driving motors 6, and two driving motors 6 are horizontal Interval is arranged in along the side of 5 width direction of square frame, and dust removal assembly includes bar shaped support frame 7, and bar shaped support frame 7 is along side The width direction of shape frame 5 is arranged, and both side ends are respectively positioned on 5 outside of square frame, and the bottom insertion of bar shaped support frame 7 is rectangular In frame 5, bar shaped support frame 7 can horizontal reciprocable.The two sides of square frame 5 along its length are provided with for avoiding First avoid holes 8 of bar shaped support frame 7, avoid holes upper and lower side are provided with sliding slot 9, and the upper and lower sides at 7 both ends of bar shaped support frame are equal It is provided with the sliding block 10 being slidably matched with sliding slot 9, the length direction of bar shaped support frame 7 mutually hangs down with the length direction of square frame 5 Directly, the output shaft of two driving motors 6 both passes through square frame 5 and extends internally, and elongated end is helicitic texture, two driving electricity The elongated end of the output shaft of machine 6 both passes through bar shaped support frame 7 and is threadedly coupled with bar shaped support frame 7, two driving motors 6 The elongated end of output shaft is perpendicular with 7 length direction of bar shaped support frame, and the elongated end of two 6 output shafts of driving motor with Square frame 5 is hinged.Controller 4 is to be electrically connected with two driving motors 6.When inductor 3 detect surface have dust or When having accumulated snow, inductor 3 issues electric signal and is given to controller 4, and controller 4 controls two energizations of driving motors 6 and starts to work, drives Dynamic motor 6 rotates, and bar shaped support frame 7 is driven to move reciprocatingly in square frame 5.When two driving motors 6 are up time When needle rotates, it is threadedly coupled between the output shaft and bar shaped support frame 7 of driving motor 6, bar shaped support frame 7 starts to side at this time The side of 5 width direction of shape frame moves, and when bar shaped support frame 7 moves to 5 side of square frame, driving motor 6 stops rotation Turn, driving motor 6 starts to rotate counterclockwise at this time, connects between the output shaft and bar shaped support frame 7 of two driving motors 6 for screw thread It connects, bar shaped support frame 7 starts to move to the other side of 5 width direction of square frame at this time, and sliding block 10 slides in sliding slot 9 can Guarantee preferably move when bar shaped support frame 7 moves reciprocatingly in square frame 5 and the defeated of driving motor 6 will not be made Shaft and bar shaped support frame 7 be displaced with it is stuck.
Photovoltaic power generation plate 2 is fixed at 5 top of square frame, and dust removal assembly further includes cleaning assembly, cleaning assembly water The flat top that photovoltaic power generation plate 2 is set, and the length direction of cleaning assembly and the length direction of photovoltaic power generation plate 2 mutually hang down Directly, 7 both ends of bar shaped support frame extend outwardly, and elongated end both ends are horizontally disposed control box 11, and each control box 11 structure is identical, and the both ends of cleaning assembly extend outwardly, and the elongated end at cleaning assembly both ends is passed with each control box 11 respectively Dynamic connection.Photovoltaic power generation plate 2 is fixed at 5 top of square frame, can guarantee the scouring photovoltaic hair of cleaning assembly small distance Battery plate 2, control box 11 can stabilized cleaning assembly be maintained at the bottom end of photovoltaic power generation plate 2, the length direction of cleaning assembly with The length direction of photovoltaic power generation plate 2 is perpendicular, enables the surface of the cleaning photovoltaic power generation plate 2 of cleaning assembly maximum area.
As shown in fig. 7, control box 11 includes oscillating rod 12, tension spring 13, fixing axle 14 and limit base 15, fixing axle 14 is horizontal Be arranged in inside two control box 11 sides adjacent to each other, oscillating rod 12 be obliquely installed and 12 place plane of oscillating rod perpendicular to 11 bottom end plane of box is controlled, the middle part of oscillating rod 12 is hinged in fixing axle 14.The elongated end at cleaning assembly both ends is provided with Fixed link, the upper end of oscillating rod 12 pass through 11 top of control box and are fixedly connected with the fixed link of cleaning assembly, and oscillating rod 12 is separate The side level of cleaning assembly is fixedly installed a pull rod 18, and pull rod 18 is located at the upper end of fixing axle 14 and oscillating rod 12 Between, control 11 lower horizontal of box is provided with pulling buckle 17, and tension spring 13 is inclined in control box 11, and the upper end of tension spring 13 It being fixedly connected with pull rod 18,13 bottom end of tension spring is fixedly connected with pulling buckle 17, and the setting of two limit bases 15 is at 12 both ends of oscillating rod, and two A 15 bottom end of limit base is fixedly connected with control box 11, and two limit bases 15 and oscillating rod 12 are coplanar, under oscillating rod 12 End extends outwardly across control 11 bottom end of box.Side is horizontally disposed along its length four driving levers 19 for square frame 5, and four are dialled Bar 19 is arranged in rectangle, and every driving lever 19 and 12 lower end of oscillating rod can contradict setting, and control 11 top and bottom of box are provided with For avoiding the second avoid holes 20 of 12 upper and lower side of oscillating rod.
Inclination angle between two 15 opposite faces of limit base is identical, and the distance between two limit bases 15 and oscillating rod 12 It is equal, and the angle that oscillating rod 12 sways from side to side is equal to the angle between two panels bar shaped dedusting adhesive tape 22.Two limit bases 15 Inclination angle between opposite face is identical, the amplitude that is swung left and right of oscillating rod 12 can be made identical, the angle that oscillating rod 12 sways from side to side Degree is equal to the angle between two panels bar shaped dedusting adhesive tape 22, so that oscillating rod 12 in switching process, makes dust-removing rod 21 at the same time After overturning, the surface for being fitted in photovoltaic power generation plate 2 that other a piece of adhesive tape 22 also can be whole simultaneously is allowed.
When inductor 3 detects that there is dust on surface or has accumulated snow, inductor 3 issues electric signal and is given to controller 4, controls Device 4 processed controls two energizations of driving motors 6 and starts to work, and driving motor 6 rotates, and drives bar shaped support frame 7 in square frame 5 Inside move reciprocatingly, in the process, when bar shaped support frame 7 moves to the other side from 5 width direction side of square frame, pendulum The upper end of lever 12 is tilted to the side of square frame 5, and the lower end of oscillating rod 12 is tilted to the other side of square frame 5, tension spring 13 pulling pull rods 18 are kept fixed oscillating rod 12, when control box 11 moves to the other side of square frame 5, oscillating rod 12 Lower end and driving lever 19 are inconsistent, control box 11 at this time and continue to transport to the other side of square frame 5 under the movement of bar shaped support frame 7 Dynamic, the lower end of oscillating rod 12 starts to move to the side of square frame 5 under the conflict of driving lever 19, when the thrust of driving lever 19 is greater than When the pulling force of tension spring 13, oscillating rod 12 is rotated, and the lower end of oscillating rod 12 is towards the side of square frame 5, oscillating rod at this time 12 upper end is towards the other side of square frame 5, and the equally pulling pull rod 18 of tension spring 13 makes oscillating rod 12 be kept fixed shape at this time State has the function that clean to side, the second avoid holes 20 can make oscillating rod 12 without hindrance so that cleaning assembly be enable to commutate What is hindered rotates in control box 11, and limit base 15 can make the drawing of oscillating rod 12 waved under the action of tension spring 13 with tension spring 13 Power keeps balance.
As shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, cleaning assembly includes dust-removing rod 21, two panels bar shaped dedusting adhesive tape 22 and water tank 23, dust-removing rod 21 be hollow cylindrical structure, and the outside cylinder of dust-removing rod 21 is removably arranged in two panels bar shaped dedusting adhesive tape 22 at an angle On wall, every bar shaped dedusting adhesive tape 22 is both provided with several apopores 24, the part that dust-removing rod 21 is fixedly connected with adhesive tape 22 Several corresponding apopores 24 are provided with, 21 one end of dust-removing rod is horizontally disposed water inlet 25, and water tank 23 is for storing cleaning Agent is horizontally set on tilting component bottom upper end, and booster water pump is provided in water tank 23, and 23 top of water tank is provided with liquid filling hole 26 With drainage hole 27, drainage hole 27 and water inlet 25 are tightly connected by flexible duct, and controller 4 is electrically connected with booster water pump.When When inductor 3 detects that there is dust on surface or has accumulated snow, inductor 3 issues electric signal and is given to controller 4, controller 4 at this time Electric signal is sent to booster water pump, booster water pump is initially powered up work at this time, and booster water pump pressurizes the cleaning agent in water tank 23, So that cleaning agent is entered the water inlet 25 on dust-removing rod 21 by the drainage hole 2 on water tank 23, makes cleaning agent on dust-removing rod 21 Apopore 24 be discharged, enable cleaning assembly back and forth wipe photovoltaic power generation plate 2 while cleaning agent is discharged, make adhesive tape 22 The surface of photovoltaic power generation plate 2 can be preferably cleaned under the action of cleaning agent, and adhesive tape 22 will not be made to scrape photovoltaic power generation The surface of plate 2, what can be cleaned is cleaner, and the liquid filling hole 26 on water tank 23 can fill cleaning agent in water tank 23.
Rotary components include support plate 28 and rotating electric machine 29, and support plate 28 is horizontally set on right above pedestal 1, support plate 28 lower horizontals are provided with driving wheel, and driving wheel bottom end extends downwardly through bearing and connect with 1 top of pedestal, and rotating electric machine 29 is logical It crosses support base and is vertically arranged in support plate 28 on one side, 29 output shaft of rotating electric machine is extended downwardly across support base, rotating electric machine 29 The elongated end of output shaft is horizontally disposed a driving wheel, is connected between driven wheel and driving wheel by transmission belt 30, controller 4 It is electrically connected with rotating electric machine 29.When inductor 3 senses that lighting angle changes, at this time inductor 3 send electric signal to Controller 4, controller 4 send electric signal to rotating electric machine 29, and rotating electric machine 29 is initially powered up work at this time, and rotating electric machine 29 is defeated Shaft rotation drives driving wheel rotation, and driving wheel drives driven wheel rotation by transmission belt 30, when support plate 28 turns to properly Angle when, inductor 3 issues electric signal to controller 4, and controller 4 sends electric signal to rotating electric machine 29, makes rotating electric machine 29 stop rotating.
As shown in Figure 10 to Figure 12, telescopic component includes two groups of triangle support frames 31 and two telescopic rods, each triangle 31 structure of shape support frame is identical and interval is vertically arranged in 28 top of support plate, and the vertex of triangle support frame 31 is through having the Two shafts 33, the side of the second shaft 33 are equipped with first rotating shaft 32, and the other side is equipped with third shaft 34, first rotating shaft 32, second Shaft 33 and third shaft 34 are located at approximately the same plane, and both ends are each attached on square frame 5, and 33 both ends of the second shaft are fixed The intermediate position of square frame 5 along its length is set, and first rotating shaft 32 and 34 both ends of third shaft are cut with scissors with square frame 5 It connects, the top of each triangle support frame 31 is hinged with the second shaft 33, two 31 middle part horizontal intervals of triangle support frame Be provided with the 4th shaft 35 and the 5th shaft 36, the 4th shaft 35 and 36 both ends of the 5th shaft with two triangle support frames 31 Hingedly, and the axis direction of the 4th shaft 35 and the 5th shaft 36 is parallel to each other with the axis direction of the second shaft 33, and two Root telescopic rod distinguishes inclined setting between first rotating shaft 32 and the 4th shaft 35 and third shaft 34 and the 5th shaft Between 36.When inductor 3 senses that lighting angle changes, inductor 3 sends electric signal to controller 4, and controller 4 is sent out Electric signals give two telescopic rods, make telescopic rod start to stretch, when the telescopic rod between first rotating shaft 32 and the 4th shaft 35 is stretched When long, the telescopic rod between third shaft 34 and the 5th shaft 36 is started to shrink at this time, and square frame 5 is located at first rotating shaft at this time 32 side starts to raise upwards centered on the second shaft 33, and square frame 5 is located at the side of third shaft 34 with second turn Start to reduce downwards centered on axis 33, when the telescopic rod between first rotating shaft 32 and the 4th shaft 35 is shunk, third turns at this time Telescopic rod between axis 34 and the 5th shaft 36 starts to extend, and square frame 5 is located at the side of first rotating shaft 32 with third at this time Start to reduce downwards centered on shaft 34, the side that square frame 5 is located at third shaft 34 is started centered on third shaft 34 It raises upwards, when the angular adjustment on square frame 5 and ground is to suitable angle, rotating electric machine 29 stops working at this time, the One shaft 32 and third shaft 34 and square frame 5 are hinged, the 4th shaft 35 and the 5th shaft 36 and two triangle support frames 31 is hinged, and two telescopic rod upper and lower sides can be made to change different angles.
Every Telescopic rod structure is identical and includes loop bar 37, inserted link 38 and telescope motor 39, the upper end of every root cutting bar 38 Be fixedly connected respectively with the middle part of first rotating shaft 32 and the 5th shaft 36, the lower end of every loop bar 37 respectively with the 4th shaft 35 and The middle part of 5th shaft 36 is fixedly connected, and telescope motor 39, the output of telescope motor 39 are fixedly installed in every loop bar 37 End is towards inserted link 38 and output end is helicitic texture, and the lower end of each 39 output end of telescope motor and each inserted link 38 is screw thread Connection, controller 4 is to be electrically connected with each telescope motor 39.When controller 4 sends electric signal to two telescope motors 39, When two telescope motors 39 start rotation under the action of controller 4, when rotating electric machine 29 starts to rotate clockwise, revolve at this time The output shaft of rotating motor 29 also starts to rotate clockwise, the inserted link 38 being threadedly coupled at this time with 29 output shaft of rotating electric machine start to Far from loop bar 37 direction move, this is elongation process, when the output shaft of rotating electric machine 29 starts to rotate counterclockwise, at this time with The inserted link 38 that 29 output shaft of rotating electric machine is threadedly coupled starts to move to the direction close to loop bar 37, this is contraction process.
Working principle: the present invention detects whether 2 surface of photovoltaic power generation plate has dust or accumulated snow by inductor 3, By inductor 3 detect lighting angle variation come automatically adjust washing motion of the cleaning assembly in photovoltaic power generation plate 2 and The angle change of photovoltaic power generation plate 2 when inductor 3 detects that there is dust on surface or has accumulated snow, is felt at this time in the process It answers device 3 to issue electric signal and is given to controller 4, controller 4 controls two energizations of driving motors 6 and starts to work, when two drivings electricity Machine 6 is to be threadedly coupled between the output shaft and bar shaped support frame 7 of two driving motors 6, bar shaped at this time when rotating clockwise Support frame 7 starts to move to the side of 5 width direction of square frame, and the adhesive tape 22 on dust-removing rod 21 starts to be fitted in photovoltaic at this time It on power generation plate 2, and is moved toward the side of photovoltaic power generation plate 2, controller 4 controls booster water pump and starts to work, will be in water tank 23 Cleaning agent is pressurized in dust-removing rod 21, is ejected by apopore 24.At this point, adhesive tape 22 can be by light under the action of cleaning agent The surface for lying prostrate power generation plate 2 is cleaned more clean, and will not scratch its surface, when driving motor 6 is by entire bar shaped support frame 7 When moving to the other side of square frame 5,12 lower end of oscillating rod controlled on box 11 will contradict driving lever 19, control box at this time 11 continue to move to the other side of square frame 5 under the movement of bar shaped support frame 7, lower end the supporting in driving lever 19 of oscillating rod 12 It touches down beginning to move to the side of square frame 5, when the thrust of driving lever 19 is greater than the pulling force of tension spring 13, oscillating rod 12 is sent out at this time Raw rotation, the lower end of oscillating rod 12 towards the side of square frame 5, the upper end of oscillating rod 12 towards the other side of square frame 5, The equally pulling pull rod 18 of tension spring 13 makes oscillating rod 12 be kept fixed state at this time, so that cleaning assembly be enable to commutate, reaches Cleaning action to side, when bar shaped support frame 7 reaches the other side, driving assembly stops working at this time, when photovoltaic power generation plate 2 When needing to be cleaned again, driving motor 6 will rotate counterclockwise, so that bar shaped support frame 7 is transported from the other side of square frame 5 It is dynamic.
When inductor 3 senses that lighting angle changes, inductor 3 sends electric signal to controller 4, controller 4 Electric signal is sent to rotating electric machine 29, rotating electric machine 29 is initially powered up work, and the rotation of 29 output shaft of rotating electric machine drives driving wheel Rotation, driving wheel drives driven wheel rotation by transmission belt 30, and when support plate 28 turns to suitable angle, inductor 3 is sent out Electric signal is to controller 4 out, and controller 4 sends electric signal to rotating electric machine 29, and rotating electric machine 29 stops rotating, then controller 4 send electric signal to two telescopic rods, make telescopic rod start to stretch, the telescopic rod between first rotating shaft 32 and the 4th shaft 35 When elongation, rotating electric machine 29 starts to rotate clockwise, and the output shaft of rotating electric machine 29 also starts to rotate clockwise, at this time with rotation The inserted link 38 that 29 output shaft of motor is threadedly coupled starts to move to the direction far from loop bar 37, this is elongation process, then third turns Telescopic rod between axis 34 and the 5th shaft 36 starts to shrink, when the output shaft of rotating electric machine 29 starts to rotate counterclockwise, at this time The inserted link 38 being threadedly coupled with 29 output shaft of rotating electric machine starts to move to the direction close to loop bar 37, this is contraction process.This When, the side that square frame 5 is located at first rotating shaft 32 starts to raise upwards centered on third shaft 34, and square frame 5 is located at The side of third shaft 34 starts to reduce downwards centered on third shaft 34, when between first rotating shaft 32 and the 4th shaft 35 When telescopic rod is shunk, when the output shaft of rotating electric machine 29 starts to rotate counterclockwise, axle thread is exported with rotating electric machine 29 at this time and is connected The inserted link 38 connect starts to move to close to the direction of loop bar 37, this is contraction process, then third shaft 34 and the 5th shaft 36 it Between telescopic rod start to extend, when rotating electric machine 29 starts to rotate clockwise, the output shaft of rotating electric machine 29 also starts suitable at this time Hour hands rotation, the inserted link 38 being threadedly coupled at this time with 29 output shaft of rotating electric machine start to move to the direction far from loop bar 37, this For elongation process, the side that square frame 5 is located at first rotating shaft 32 at this time starts to reduce downwards centered on the second shaft 33, side The side that shape frame 5 is located at third shaft 34 starts to raise upwards centered on the second shaft 33, when square frame 5 and ground When angular adjustment is to suitable angle, rotating electric machine 29 stops working at this time, first rotating shaft 32 and third shaft 34 and square box Frame 5 is hinged, and the 4th shaft 35 and the 5th shaft 36 and two triangle support frames 31 hingedly, can make two telescopic rod upper and lower sides Change different angles, when inductor 3 senses that photovoltaic power generation plate 2 is adjusted to suitable lighting angle, controller 4 is controlled at this time Rotating electric machine 29 and telescope motor 39 processed stop working, then the process that entire cleaning and lighting angle are adjusted finishes.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate, which is characterized in that including pedestal (1), pitching Device, photovoltaic power generation plate (2), cleaning device and controller (4), the elevation mount be horizontally set on pedestal (1) just on Side, the photovoltaic power generation plate (2) are located at the top of elevation mount;The elevation mount includes rotary components and flexible group Part, the rotary components are horizontally set on above pedestal (1), and the telescopic component is located at the top of rotary components, rotation group Part is sequentially connected with pedestal (1) and telescopic component respectively;The photovoltaic power generation plate (2) is located at the top of telescopic component, and with Telescopic component transmission connection;The cleaning device is located at the side of photovoltaic power generation plate (2), cleaning device include driving assembly and Dust removal assembly, the driving assembly are located at the bottom of photovoltaic power generation plate (2), and dust removal assembly is located at the top of photovoltaic power generation plate (2) Portion, the driving assembly and dust removal assembly are sequentially connected;The other side of photovoltaic power generation plate (2) is provided with inductor (3), described Controller (4) with inductor (3), rotary components, telescopic component and driving assembly be to be electrically connected.
2. a kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate according to claim 1, feature exist In the driving assembly includes square frame (5) and driving motor (6), and the driving motor (6) is along square frame (5) Length direction be fixed on the sides of square frame (5), be fixed with photovoltaic power generation plate (2) at the top of square frame (5).
3. a kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate according to claim 1, feature exist In, the dust removal assembly includes bar shaped support frame (7), and bar shaped support frame (7) is arranged along the width direction of square frame (5), Its both side ends is respectively positioned on the outside of square frame (5), in bottom insertion square frame (5) of bar shaped support frame (7);The driving The output shaft of motor (6) both passes through square frame (5) and bar shaped support frame (7), driving motor (6) export the tip of the axis with it is rectangular Frame (5) is hinged;The both ends of the bar shaped support frame (7) are equipped with control box (11), and the dust removal assembly further includes cleaning Component, cleaning assembly are horizontally set on the top of photovoltaic power generation plate (2), and the elongated end at the cleaning assembly both ends is provided with solid Fixed pole.
4. a kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate according to claim 3, feature exist In the control box (11) includes oscillating rod (12), tension spring (13), fixing axle (14) and limit base (15), the fixation Axis (14) is horizontally set on inside two control box (11) sides adjacent to each other, oscillating rod (12) and fixing axle (14) hingedly, The upper end of oscillating rod (12) passes through and fixes at the top of control box (11) with the fixed link of cleaning assembly, and the outside of oscillating rod (12) is also set Have pull rod (18), control box (11) bottom end is provided with pulling buckle (17), and tension spring (13) are connected between pulling buckle (17) and pull rod (18).
5. a kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate according to claim 4, feature exist In the cleaning assembly includes dust-removing rod (21), dedusting adhesive tape (22) and water tank (23), and the dedusting adhesive tape (22) uses V-structure is arranged in the outer cylindrical wall of dust-removing rod (21), the dust-removing rod (21) and dedusting adhesive tape (22) coupling part and Dedusting adhesive tape (22) surface is equipped with several apopores (24), and dust-removing rod (21) one end is horizontally disposed water inlet (25).
6. a kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate according to claim 1, feature exist In, rotary components include support plate (28) and rotating electric machine (29), the support plate (28) be located at pedestal (1) just on Side, support plate (28) bottom are equipped with driving wheel, and driving wheel is connect by bearing with pedestal (1), and rotating electric machine (29) setting is being propped up Fagging (28) side, the elongated end of rotating electric machine (29) output shaft is horizontally disposed driving wheel, leads between driven wheel and driving wheel Cross transmission belt (30) connection.
7. a kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate according to claim 1, feature exist In the telescopic component includes two groups of triangle support frame (31) He Lianggen telescopic rods, the triangle support frame (31) The both ends of support plate (28) are fixed on, the vertex of triangle support frame (31), which runs through, the second shaft (33), the second shaft (33) side be equipped with first rotating shaft (32), the other side be equipped with third shaft (34), first rotating shaft (32), the second shaft (33) and Third shaft (34) is located at approximately the same plane, and both ends are each attached on square frame (5), and two groups of triangle support frames (31) are right Between the two articles of sides answered be equipped with the 4th shaft (35) and the 5th shaft (36), the telescopic rod be fixed on first rotating shaft (32) and Between 4th shaft (35) and between third shaft (34) and the 5th shaft (36).
CN201910270405.XA 2019-04-04 2019-04-04 A kind of dust-extraction unit that automatically tracks and remove the snow for photovoltaic power generation plate Pending CN110048667A (en)

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CN206361971U (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-07-28 山东海德阳光太阳能有限公司 A kind of automated cleaning solar energy hot plate apparatus
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CN207184411U (en) * 2017-09-04 2018-04-03 广西易享电科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus for being easy to cleaning
CN108043762A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-18 中徽机电科技股份有限公司 A kind of cleaning device of solar energy photovoltaic panel
CN108462455A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-08-28 龙岩丽荣电子科技有限公司 A kind of solar panel bogie of the new-energy automobile with cleaning function

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN206361971U (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-07-28 山东海德阳光太阳能有限公司 A kind of automated cleaning solar energy hot plate apparatus
CN107425803A (en) * 2017-04-05 2017-12-01 深圳市奈士迪技术研发有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic board mount with cleaning function
CN207184411U (en) * 2017-09-04 2018-04-03 广西易享电科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic power generation apparatus for being easy to cleaning
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