CN110031712B - Carbon brush holder assembly line and carbon brush holder test system - Google Patents

Carbon brush holder assembly line and carbon brush holder test system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110031712B
CN110031712B CN201910389739.9A CN201910389739A CN110031712B CN 110031712 B CN110031712 B CN 110031712B CN 201910389739 A CN201910389739 A CN 201910389739A CN 110031712 B CN110031712 B CN 110031712B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
carbon brush
brush holder
station
spring force
test
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CN201910389739.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110031712A (en
Inventor
林志伟
王国剑
马长龙
李林茂
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Zhejiang Fangde Robot System Technology Co ltd
Lishui Qiangrun Electronics Co ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Fangde Robot System Technology Co ltd
Lishui Qiangrun Electronics Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910093495X priority Critical
Priority to CN201910093495 priority
Application filed by Zhejiang Fangde Robot System Technology Co ltd, Lishui Qiangrun Electronics Co ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Fangde Robot System Technology Co ltd
Publication of CN110031712A publication Critical patent/CN110031712A/en
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Publication of CN110031712B publication Critical patent/CN110031712B/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01MTESTING STATIC OR DYNAMIC BALANCE OF MACHINES OR STRUCTURES; TESTING OF STRUCTURES OR APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01M13/00Testing of machine parts
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R31/00Arrangements for testing electric properties; Arrangements for locating electric faults; Arrangements for electrical testing characterised by what is being tested not provided for elsewhere

Abstract

The invention relates to a carbon brush holder assembly line and a carbon brush holder testing system, wherein the carbon brush holder testing system comprises carbon brush holder laser marking equipment, carbon brush holder electrical property testing equipment, carbon brush holder carbon brush spring force detecting equipment, carbon brush holder tripping testing equipment and carbon brush holder Hall detecting equipment, the carbon brush holder laser marking equipment comprises a laser marking machine for laser marking of a carbon brush holder and a two-dimensional code recognizer for recognizing two-dimensional code information printed and engraved by the laser marking machine, and the laser marking machine and the two-dimensional code recognizer are respectively in communication connection with a controller. The carbon brush holder assembly production line disclosed by the invention comprises the carbon brush holder testing system. The invention can automatically realize the detection of the relevant performance in the production process of the carbon brush holder without manual participation, and the detection result has high accuracy.

Description

Carbon brush holder assembly line and carbon brush holder test system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of intelligent processing equipment, in particular to a carbon brush holder assembly production line and a carbon brush holder testing system.
Background
The carbon brush holder is used as an important component in a brush motor, external current is applied to a commutator of a motor rotor in the running process of the motor, and the polarity of the current is switched through the carbon brush holder, so that the motor is simpler in structure, more convenient to maintain and easier to control. The good carbon brush holder can better ensure the motor to run fast, stably and accurately, and can greatly improve the control precision of the motor. The traditional production and detection of the carbon brush holder are more manually assembled and tested, a whole set of carbon brush holder detection flow usually needs at least 1 worker per station, if three shifts are adopted, more workers are usually needed, and under the promotion of wave tides such as national advanced manufacturing and intelligent manufacturing, the performance detection of the carbon brush holder can realize that a robot replaces the worker to perform related operations.
The main disadvantages and shortcomings of the prior art are: erroneous judgment and erroneous judgment easily occur in the manual detection process of the carbon brush holder, the error-proof means in the detection process is processed more singly, the detection efficiency is lower, and the requirement on workers is higher. The performance test of the motor carbon brush holder is manually carried out, more workers are needed, and the manufacturing cost of enterprises is increased. Because the quality of the whole motor is greatly influenced by misjudgment of the carbon brush holder of the motor caused by human factors, the motor is not easy to repair.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a carbon brush holder detection system, which can automatically detect the related performance of a carbon brush holder in a production process, without human intervention, and has high accuracy of a detection result.
The invention also aims to provide a carbon brush holder assembly production line.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a carbon brush holder test system comprises carbon brush holder laser marking equipment, carbon brush holder electrical property test equipment, carbon brush holder spring force test equipment, carbon brush holder trip test equipment and carbon brush holder Hall test equipment,
the carbon brush holder laser marking device comprises a laser marking machine for performing laser marking on the carbon brush holder and a two-dimensional code recognizer for recognizing two-dimensional code information printed and engraved by the laser marking machine, wherein the laser marking machine and the two-dimensional code recognizer are respectively in communication connection with the controller;
the carbon brush holder is provided with an electric contact, the carbon brush holder electric property testing equipment comprises a second electrifying assembly, the second electrifying assembly is provided with a probe corresponding to the electric contact on the carbon brush holder, the second electrifying assembly is electrically connected with an external electric property detecting instrument, the second electrifying assembly is connected with a second driving device, and the second driving device drives the second electrifying assembly to be close to or far away from the carbon brush holder to be tested so as to conduct or break a connecting passage between the carbon brush holder to be tested and the electric property detecting instrument; the electrical property detection instrument is in communication connection with the controller;
the carbon brush holder is provided with a carbon brush, the carbon brush holder spring force testing equipment comprises a spring force detection rod and a third lifting driving device A, the third lifting driving device A drives the spring force detection rod to press down and press the carbon brush on the carbon brush holder, the spring force detection rod is connected with a pressure sensor, the pressure sensor detects the pressure applied to the carbon brush by the spring force detection rod, and the pressure sensor is in communication connection with the controller; a displacement detection sensor is arranged on one side of the spring force detection rod and used for detecting the displacement of the carbon brush pressed down by the spring force detection rod, and the displacement detection sensor is in communication connection with the controller;
the carbon brush holder tripping test equipment comprises a fourth electrifying assembly, and probes are arranged on the fourth electrifying assembly corresponding to the electric contacts on the carbon brush holder; the fourth electrifying assembly is connected with peripheral equipment, the fourth electrifying assembly is connected with a fourth driving device, the fourth driving device drives the fourth electrifying assembly to be close to or far away from the carbon brush frame to be tested so as to conduct or break the carbon brush frame to be tested and the peripheral equipment, the peripheral equipment is in communication connection with the controller, and the controller controls the peripheral equipment to apply voltage to the carbon brush frame to be tested;
the carbon brush holder Hall test equipment comprises a proximity test assembly, the proximity test assembly comprises a proximity probe, a fifth driving device and a Hall sensor, the fifth driving device drives the proximity probe to move to be close to or far away from the carbon brush holder on a Hall test station, the Hall sensor is installed on the proximity probe, the fifth driving device drives the proximity probe to drive the Hall sensor on the proximity probe to stretch into the carbon brush holder to be tested or to be tested from the carbon brush holder to be tested, and the Hall sensor is in communication connection with the controller.
Preferably, a workbench of the carbon brush holder laser marking equipment is provided with a carbon brush holder feeding station, a carbon brush holder laser marking station, an identification station and a blanking station, a first transfer turntable is arranged between the stations and driven by a motor to rotate, a plurality of first carbon brush holder fixing seats are arranged on the first transfer turntable, and the first carbon brush holder fixing seats sequentially rotate along with the first transfer turntable and pass through the carbon brush holder feeding station, the carbon brush holder laser marking station, the identification station and the blanking station of the carbon brush holder laser marking equipment; the laser marking machine is arranged at a laser marking station of the carbon brush holder, and the two-dimensional code recognizer is arranged at a recognition station.
Preferably, a first carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism is arranged on the carbon brush holder laser marking station and comprises a first clamping component, a first rotating driving device for driving the first clamping component to rotate and a first lifting driving device for driving the first clamping component to move up and down, and the carbon brush holder clamped by the first clamping component is over against a laser outlet of the laser marking machine; and a second carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism is arranged on the recognition station, the second carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism and the first carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism are identical in structure, and the carbon brush holder clamped by the clamping assembly of the second carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism is just opposite to the recognition window of the two-dimensional code recognizer.
Preferably, a feeding station, an electrifying testing station and a discharging station are arranged on a workbench of the carbon brush holder electrical property testing equipment, a second transfer rotary table is arranged between the stations and is driven by a motor to rotate, a plurality of second carbon brush holder fixing seats are arranged on the second transfer rotary table, the second carbon brush holder fixing seats sequentially rotate along with the second transfer rotary table and pass through the feeding station, the electrifying testing station and the discharging station on the carbon brush holder electrical property testing equipment, and a second electrifying component is arranged at the electrifying testing station.
Preferably, the electrification testing station is provided with a second buffer, the second buffer is positioned on a movement path of the second electrification component relative to the carbon brush holder stopped on the electrification testing station, the second electrification component is firstly contacted with the end part of the second buffer when contacting with the carbon brush holder, and a part of pressure of the second electrification component is counteracted through the second buffer, so that the second electrification component slowly approaches to the carbon brush holder.
Preferably, a feeding station, a spring force testing station and a discharging station are arranged on a workbench of the carbon brush holder spring force testing equipment, a third transfer turntable is arranged between the stations and is driven by a motor to rotate, a plurality of third carbon brush holder fixing seats are arranged on the third transfer turntable, the third carbon brush holder fixing seats sequentially rotate along with the third transfer turntable and pass through the feeding station, the spring force testing station and the discharging station of the carbon brush holder electrical property testing equipment, and a spring force detection rod, a third lifting driving device A, a pressure sensor and a displacement sensor are all arranged at the spring force testing station.
Preferably, the carbon brush frame is provided with a plurality of carbon brushes, and the plurality of carbon brushes are staggered in a plane; the third carbon brush holder fixing seat is rotatably connected to the third transfer turntable, the third carbon brush holder fixing seat is connected with the third rotation driving device, and the third rotation driving device drives the third carbon brush holder fixing seat to drive the carbon brush holder on the third carbon brush holder fixing seat to rotate so as to adjust the position of the carbon brush.
Preferably, the spring force detection rod, the third lifting driving device A, the pressure sensor and the displacement sensor are installed on the third installation seat A, a third lifting driving device B is arranged on a spring force testing station of the carbon brush holder spring force testing equipment, and the third lifting driving device B drives the third installation seat A and parts on the third installation seat A to vertically lift; and a spring force testing station of the carbon brush holder spring force testing equipment is also provided with a third horizontal driving device, and the third mounting seat A is horizontally and slidably connected to the third mounting seat B and is driven by the third horizontal driving device to move in a horizontal plane.
Preferably, a plurality of the carbon brush holder laser marking equipment, the carbon brush holder electrical property testing equipment, the carbon brush holder spring force testing equipment, the carbon brush holder tripping testing equipment and the carbon brush holder Hall testing equipment are arranged on the same side face side by side, a linear transfer equipment is arranged between two adjacent testing equipment on the same side face to realize the transfer of the carbon brush holder,
the straight line moves equipment of carrying includes the slide rail, is equipped with two stop positions along this slide rail: the device comprises a first transfer position and a second transfer position, wherein the first transfer position corresponds to a blanking station of one detection device connected through a linear transfer device, and the second transfer position corresponds to a loading station of the other detection device connected through the linear transfer device; the sliding rail is provided with a second clamping assembly in a sliding mode, the second clamping assembly is connected with a second horizontal driving device, and the second horizontal driving device drives the second clamping assembly to move back and forth between a first shifting position and a second shifting position along the sliding rail.
The invention also discloses a carbon brush holder assembly production line which comprises the carbon brush holder testing system as claimed in any one of the above claims.
Above-mentioned carbon brush frame test system can realize carrying out the detection of each item performance to the carbon brush frame on the carbon brush frame production line automatically to the overall process does not need artifical the participation, and the precision of test result is high, and efficiency of software testing is high.
And the controller automatically records the relevant data of the whole test process, and displays the test result and the relevant production data through the display device, so that the management and the tracing of the test process by the working personnel are facilitated.
The carbon brush holder production line with the carbon brush holder test system also has the advantages.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall layout diagram of the system of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a loading and unloading stop station and an upper trolley thereof.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of an alternative angle of one of the trolleys of FIG. 2 at an infeed and outfeed stop station.
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a laser marking apparatus for carbon brush holders according to the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a diagram of an electrical testing apparatus according to the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a structural diagram of a carbon brush holder carbon brush spring force testing apparatus according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the distribution of carbon brushes of the carbon brush holder.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the trip and hall test apparatus of the present invention.
Wherein:
101. a straight guide rail; 1011. an inlet and outlet end of the straight guide rail; 102. a blocking block; 103. a first detection device A; 104. a locking device; 11. a trolley; 111. a push rod; 112. turning a plate; 113. a wheel; 12. a tray;
21. a linear transfer facility; 211. a slide rail; 212. a second grasping assembly; 213. a second horizontal driving device; 22. a transfer robot; 23. a feeding/discharging robot;
3. a carbon brush holder laser marking device; 30. a workbench of the carbon brush holder laser marking device; 31. a first transfer turntable; 32. a first carbon brush holder fixing base; 33. Laser marking machine; 331. a laser outlet; 34. a first carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism; 341. a first grasping assembly; 342. a first rotary drive device; 343. a first elevation drive device; 35. a two-dimensional code recognizer; 36. a second carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism;
4. carbon brush holder electrical property test equipment; 40. a workbench of the carbon brush holder electrical property testing equipment; 41. a second transfer turntable; 42. a second carbon brush holder fixing base; 43. A second power-on assembly; 44. a second driving device; 45. a second buffer;
5. carbon brush holder spring force test equipment; 50. a workbench of the carbon brush holder spring force testing equipment; 51. a third transfer turntable; 52. a third carbon brush holder fixing base; 531. a spring force detection lever; 532. a pressure sensor; 533. a displacement detection sensor; 534. a third mounting seat A; 535. a third elevation drive device B; 536. a third horizontal driving device; 537. a third mounting base B;
601. a carbon brush;
7. a carbon brush holder trip test device; 70. a workbench of the trip test equipment; 71. a fourth transfer turntable; 72. a fourth carbon brush holder fixing base;
73. a fourth power-on component; 74. a fourth drive device; 75. a fourth buffer;
8. a carbon brush holder Hall test device; 80. a workbench of the Hall test device; 81. a fifth transfer turntable; 82. a fifth carbon brush holder fixing base;
831. approaching the probe; 832. a fifth driving device; 833. a Hall sensor;
Detailed Description
Preferred embodiments of this patent are described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1, a carbon brush holder testing system includes a charging and discharging carriage for a carbon brush holder, a laser marking device for the carbon brush holder, an electrical property testing device for the carbon brush holder, a spring force testing device for the carbon brush holder, a tripping testing device for the carbon brush holder, a hall testing device for the carbon brush holder, and a multi-degree-of-freedom transfer robot. The multi-degree-of-freedom carrying robot carries the carbon brush holder, and the carbon brush holder can be transferred among different devices.
The carbon brush frame loading and unloading trolley waits for loading and unloading at a preassigned trolley stop station. As shown in fig. 2, a set of straight guide rails 101 for guiding wheels of the trolley are arranged on the trolley stop station corresponding to each feeding and discharging trolley, one end of each straight guide rail 10 is an inlet/outlet 1011 of the trolley, and the other end of each straight guide rail is provided with a stop block 102. The wheels of the loading and unloading trolley enter or exit the straight guide rail 101 from the straight guide rail inlet and outlet 1011, and the stop block 102 positions the stopping position of the trolley on the straight guide rail 101. In order to facilitate the trolley to enter the straight guide rail, preferably, the inlet and outlet 1011 ends of the straight guide rail are flared openings, that is, the width of the inlet end 1011 of the straight guide rail is gradually reduced along the direction that the trolley enters the straight guide rail 101, and the widths of the rest parts of the straight guide rail except the inlet and outlet ends are matched with the width of the wheels of the trolley, so that the wheels entering the straight guide rail are guided and corrected through width matching. The trolley stopping station is provided with a first detection device A103 used for detecting the position of the trolley, the first detection device A103 is in communication connection with the controller, and the first detection device A103 detects whether the loading and unloading trolley moves to the stopping position or not. In an embodiment, the first detection device a103 may be a photoelectric sensor, a contact switch, a pressure sensor, or the like, and the first detection device a103 may be mounted on a trolley stop station through a separate mounting bracket, or may be mounted on the stopper 102.
The trolley 11 comprises a trolley plate 112 and a push rod 111 connected to the trolley plate 112, wheels 113 are mounted at the bottom of the trolley plate 112, and an operator pushes the trolley to move through the push rod 111. Preferably, as shown in fig. 3, the bottom of the trolley board 112 is provided with a positioning groove, the trolley stopping station is provided with a locking device 104, and when the trolley moves to the position that the wheels 113 of the trolley abut against the stop block 102, the positioning groove at the bottom of the trolley board is opposite to the locking device 104. The locking device in the embodiment is an air cylinder, a positioning block matched with the positioning groove on the trolley is arranged on a telescopic rod of the air cylinder, and when the telescopic rod of the air cylinder extends out, the positioning block on the air cylinder is clamped into the positioning groove to lock the position of the trolley; after the telescopic rod of the cylinder retracts, the positioning block on the cylinder is separated from the positioning groove, and the feeding and discharging trolley can move. The action of the telescopic rod of the air cylinder is controlled by the controller, and further the controller controls the action of the air cylinder according to the feedback information of the first detection device A. In the embodiment, the trolley is locked after moving in place through the locking device, so that the trolley can be prevented from sliding to deviate from a stop position in the feeding and discharging process to influence the feeding and discharging precision. And the locking device has simple structure and is convenient for the controller to control the action of the locking device.
The multi-degree-of-freedom transfer robot picks up the carbon brush holders from the trolley 1 on the stop station to perform subsequent detection processing, and in order to meet the positioning requirement that the feeding robot picks the carbon brush holders and the requirement that the feeding robot carries as many carbon brush holders as possible at one time, the carbon brush holders are fed to the trolley 11 on the trolley stop station, trays 12 with specific number are stacked on a trolley plate, and the carbon brush holders are sequentially arranged on each tray 12. The feeding and discharging trolley is provided with a first detection device B, and the first detection device B detects whether the pallet 12 is placed on the trolley 11. The first detection device B is in communication with the controller, and the first detection device B may be a photoelectric sensor, a contact switch, a pressure sensor, or the like. The multi-degree-of-freedom transfer robot comprises a feeding robot, an unloading robot and a transfer robot, wherein the feeding robot and the unloading robot carry a tray at a time, the transfer robot carries a single carbon brush holder at a time, the feeding robot and the unloading robot in the system can be the same equipment, and the transfer robot needs to be multiple.
Because each equipment in the automatic detection tool system for the carbon brush holders can only process each carbon brush holder in sequence, a single carbon brush holder to be processed is sequentially conveyed to corresponding processing equipment. Therefore, the automatic detection system for the carbon brush holder of the small motor is provided with a system feeding station, a system discharging station and a transfer station. The feeding robot conveys a tray to a workbench of a system feeding station, a plane coordinate system is established on the workbench surface of the system feeding station, and the position of each carbon brush holder which is arranged in order in the tray on the workbench according to the specified direction can be determined. The transfer robot picks up the carbon brush holders from the system feeding station in sequence and carries the carbon brush holders to corresponding detection equipment, after all the carbon brush holders in a tray on the system feeding station are transferred to the corresponding detection equipment, one of the feeding robot or the blanking robot conveys an empty tray to the transfer station, and one of the feeding robot or the blanking robot conveys the empty tray to a workbench of the system blanking station for receiving materials. A plane coordinate system is established on a workbench of a system blanking station, and each position in a tray which is correspondingly arranged on the workbench in a specified direction can be determined. After the tray above the blanking station of the system is orderly filled with the carbon brush holders, the blanking robot carries the tray and the carbon brush holders therein to the trolley in the stop station. The carbon brush holders in the trays on the system feeding station and the system discharging station are orderly arranged, namely the number of the carbon brush holders which can be placed in one tray is fixed, and whether all the carbon brush holders in one tray are completely taken or filled can be determined according to the taking and placing times of the corresponding robot. And the system feeding station, the system discharging station and the transfer station are respectively provided with a detection device for detecting whether the corresponding workbench has a tray, and the detection devices are in communication connection with the controller.
Preferably, the workbench on the transfer station can rotate in a plane to adjust the tray on the transfer station to a designated angle in advance, so that the position of the carbon brush holder placed in the tray can be determined after the carbon brush holder is subsequently conveyed to the blanking station.
As preferred, tray bottom surface and top surface are equipped with grafting complex location arch and constant head tank, prevent to appear misplacing between a plurality of trays of piling up in the dolly handling.
The carbon brush holder is first transported to the carbon brush holder laser marking device 3 for processing. As shown in fig. 4, a workbench 30 of the carbon brush holder laser marking device is provided with a carbon brush holder feeding station, a carbon brush holder laser marking station, an identification station and a blanking station, and a first transfer turntable 31 is arranged between the stations, the first transfer turntable 31 is driven by a motor to rotate, a plurality of first carbon brush holder fixing seats 32 are arranged on the first transfer turntable 31, the first carbon brush holder fixing seats 32 rotate in sequence along with the first transfer turntable 31 and pass through the carbon brush holder feeding station, the carbon brush holder laser marking station, the identification station and the blanking station of the carbon brush holder laser marking device, and the carbon brush holder is connected with the first carbon brush holder fixing seats 32 in a clamping manner.
The first transfer turntable 31 rotates the first carbon brush holder fixing seat 32 thereon to a feeding station of the carbon brush holder laser marking device to wait for feeding of the carbon brush holders to be processed.
A laser marking machine 33 and a first carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism 34 are arranged on the carbon brush holder laser marking station, the laser marking machine 33 is provided with a laser outlet 331, and the laser marking machine 33 is in communication connection with the controller; the first carbon brush holder gripping mechanism 34 includes a first gripper assembly 341, a first rotation driving device 342 for driving the first gripper assembly 341 to rotate, and a first elevation driving device 343 for driving the first gripper assembly 341 to move up and down. The first clamping assembly 341 includes a pair of clamping jaws and a driving cylinder for driving the clamping jaws to clamp or open, the clamping jaws are located right below the laser outlet 331 of the laser marking machine, that is, the carbon brush holder clamped by the clamping jaws is located right below the laser outlet 331 of the laser marking machine. The first rotating driving device 342 is connected to the first gripper assembly 341, and the first rotating driving device 342 adjusts different sides of the carbon brush holder gripped by the first gripper assembly 341 to be aligned with the laser outlet 331 of the laser marking machine. In an embodiment, the first rotation driving device 342 is a motor, and the motor is directly connected or drivingly connected to the first gripper assembly 341. The first rotation driving device 342 and the first gripping member 341 are mounted on the same fixed bracket, and the output end of the first elevation driving device 343 is connected to the fixed bracket to drive the fixed bracket and the first rotation driving device 342 and the first gripping member 341 mounted on the fixed bracket to synchronously elevate. In an embodiment, the first lifting driving device 343 is a lifting cylinder, a housing of the lifting cylinder is fixed on the worktable, and the lifting cylinder is slidably connected to the fixed bracket.
The first brush holder gripping mechanism 34 has at least two stop heights in the lifting direction: a first stop height A and a second stop height A, the first stop height A being below the second stop height A; at the first stop height a, the first clamping assembly 341 clamps the carbon brush holder from the first carbon brush holder fixing seat 32 moving to the carbon brush holder laser marking station, or places the carbon brush holder clamped by the first clamping assembly 341 on the first carbon brush holder fixing seat 32 moving to the carbon brush holder laser marking station; at the second stop height a, the laser marking machine 33 imprints the production data of the carbon brush holder on the carbon brush holder in a two-dimensional code arrangement.
The working process of the first carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism 34 and the laser marking machine 33 on the carbon brush holder laser marking station is as follows:
the first clamping assembly 341 stops at the second stop height a, and when the first carbon brush holder fixing base 32 with the carbon brush holder is rotated to the carbon brush holder laser marking station along with the first transfer turntable 31, the first gripper assembly 341 descends from the second stop height a to the first stop height a to grip the carbon brush holder, then the carbon brush holder ascends to a second stop height A, the first rotary driving device 342 adjusts the designated side surface of the clamped carbon brush holder to align with the laser outlet 331 of the laser marking machine, the laser marking machine 33 starts laser marking, after the laser marking is finished, the first rotation driving device 342 drives the carbon brush holder to move back, the first clamping assembly 341 descends from the second stop height a to the first stop height a, the carbon brush holder is placed on the first carbon brush holder fixing seat 32, then, the first gripper assembly 341 is lifted to the second stop height a again, and the first transfer turntable 31 transports the carbon brush holder to the identification station.
And identifying whether the laser-imprinted two-dimensional code is qualified at an identification station. The two-dimensional code recognizer 35 and the second carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism 36 are arranged on the recognition station, the two-dimensional code recognizer 35 is in communication connection with the controller, and the two-dimensional code recognizer 35 is in the prior art and can read two-dimensional code information through a two-dimensional code recognition window and feed the two-dimensional code information back to the controller; the second carbon brush holder on the recognition station snatchs mechanism 36 and the first carbon brush holder on the carbon brush holder laser marking station snatchs mechanism 34's the same structure, and second carbon brush holder snatchs mechanism 36 and has two similarly to stop the height: a first stop height B and a second stop height B, the first stop height B being below the second stop height B; at the first stop height B, the first clamping assembly clamps the carbon brush holder from the first carbon brush holder fixing seat 32 moving to the recognition station, or places the carbon brush holder clamped by the first clamping assembly on the first carbon brush holder fixing seat 32 moving to the recognition station; at the second stop height B, the two-dimensional code recognizer 35 can read the two-dimensional code information on the carbon brush holder.
The work engineering of the carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism and the two-dimensional code recognizer on the recognition station is as follows:
the first clamping assembly of the second carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism 36 stops at a second stop height B, when the first carbon brush holder fixing seat 32 with the carbon brush holder rotates to the identification station along with the first transfer turntable 31, the first clamping assembly descends from the second stop height B to the first stop height B to clamp the carbon brush holder and then ascends to the second stop height B, the first rotation driving device adjusts the designated side surface of the clamped carbon brush holder to align with the two-dimensional code identification window of the two-dimensional code identification instrument 35, the two-dimensional code identification instrument 35 reads whether the two-dimensional code of the carbon brush holder is printed correctly and clearly and feeds back to the controller, after the identification is completed, the first rotation driving device drives the carbon brush holder to return, the first clamping assembly descends from the second stop height B to the first stop height B to place the carbon brush holder on the first carbon brush holder fixing seat 32, and then the first clamping assembly ascends to the second stop height B again, the first transfer turntable 31 conveys the carbon brush holders to a blanking station.
The carbon brush holder which is processed by the carbon brush holder laser marking device and is inspected to be qualified is conveyed to the carbon brush holder electrical property testing device 4 for processing. As shown in fig. 5, a feeding station, an energization testing station and a discharging station are arranged on a workbench 40 of the carbon brush holder electrical property testing device, a second transfer turntable 41 is arranged between the stations, the second transfer turntable 41 is driven by a motor to rotate, a plurality of second carbon brush holder fixing seats 42 are arranged on the second transfer turntable 41, the second carbon brush holder fixing seats 42 sequentially rotate along with the second transfer turntable 41 and pass through the feeding station, the energization testing station and the discharging station on the carbon brush holder electrical property testing device, and the carbon brush holders are clamped and positioned in cooperation with the second carbon brush holder fixing seats 42. The second carbon brush holder fixing base 42 on the second transfer turntable 41 waits for feeding at the feeding station and waiting for discharging at the discharging station.
Be equipped with the electrical contact on the carbon brush frame, be equipped with second circular telegram subassembly 43 on the circular telegram test station, the last electrical contact that corresponds on the second circular telegram subassembly 43 carbon brush frame is equipped with the probe. The second energization assembly 43 is electrically connected with an external electrical property detection instrument, and after the second energization assembly 43 is conducted with the carbon brush holder, the electrical property detection instrument can test the current, voltage, resistance, electrical conductivity of the carbon brush holder after energization and electrical property characteristics in the switching process of the motor commutator. The electrical property detection apparatus is not illustrated in the drawings, and the specific structure and the operation principle of the electrical property detection apparatus are the prior art, and will not be further described herein. The second energizing assembly 43 is connected to the second driving device 44, and the second driving device 44 drives the second energizing assembly 43 to approach or separate from the carbon brush holder stopped at the energizing test station, so that the probe on the second energizing assembly 43 is connected or disconnected with the electrical contact on the carbon brush holder. And a detection device for directly or indirectly detecting whether the second electrifying component 43 moves in place is arranged on the electrifying test station so as to ensure that the electrifying component can be conducted with the carbon brush holder to be tested. Whether the second electrifying assembly 43 moves in place or not is determined by detecting the position of the telescopic rod of the driving cylinder in the embodiment, and the arrangement is that the second electrifying assembly 43 can move in place only by ensuring that the telescopic rod of the driving cylinder can stretch out and draw back for a specific distance.
Preferably, the energization testing station is provided with a second buffer 45, and the second buffer 45 may be an elastic buffer, a hydraulic buffer, an oil buffer, or the like, or may be a common buffer device such as an elastic pad. The second buffer 45 is located on a moving path of the second electrifying component 43 relative to the carbon brush holder stopped at the electrifying test station, the second electrifying component 43 firstly contacts with the end part of the second buffer 45 when contacting with the carbon brush holder, and the second electrifying component 43 slowly approaches to the carbon brush holder by offsetting a part of pressure of the second electrifying component 43 through the second buffer 45. This arrangement prevents the problem of the probe on the second energization assembly 43 being bent due to excessive instantaneous pressure during the process of driving the second energization assembly 43 close to the carbon brush holder by the second driving means 44, which could affect the test. In this embodiment, the second energizing assembly 43 is located right above the carbon brush holder stopped at the energizing test station, that is, the moving path of the second energizing assembly 43 with respect to the carbon brush holder stopped at the energizing test station is the vertical lifting direction, the second buffer 45 is located right below the second energizing assembly 43 in this embodiment, and the upper end of the second buffer 45 is located above the electrical contact of the carbon brush holder in order to make the second energizing assembly 43 contact the end of the second buffer 45 first.
The second transfer turntable 41 is provided with a detection device corresponding to each second carbon brush holder fixing seat 42 for detecting that the carbon brush holder is placed in place, and the detection device is connected to the controller. A detection device for detecting the position of the second carbon brush holder fixing seat 42 on the second transfer turntable 41 can also be arranged on each station of the carbon brush holder electrical property test equipment, and the detection device is connected with the controller. Alternatively, the carbon brush holder can be directly controlled by the controller to control the rotation angle of the second transfer turntable 41 to control the transfer between adjacent stations. The carbon brush holder is accurately positioned for carrying among stations through the matching of the detection device and the controller.
And the carbon brush holder which is qualified by the detection of the carbon brush holder electrical property testing equipment 4 is conveyed to the carbon brush holder carbon brush spring force testing equipment 5 to be tested for the carbon brush holder spring force, and the elasticity characteristic of the carbon brush holder carbon brush is determined by testing the carbon brush holder spring force. The structure of carbon brush holder spring force test equipment is as shown in fig. 6, is equipped with material loading station, spring force test station and unloading station on carbon brush holder spring force test equipment's workstation 50 to be equipped with third transfer carousel 51 between each station, third transfer carousel 51 is rotated by motor drive, is equipped with a plurality of third carbon brush holder fixing bases 52 on the third transfer carousel 51, third carbon brush holder fixing base 52 rotates in proper order along with third transfer carousel 51 through carbon brush holder electrical property test equipment's material loading station, spring force test station and unloading station, carbon brush holder and third carbon brush holder fixing base 52 joint location fit. The third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 is rotatably connected to the third transfer turntable 51, the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 is connected to a third rotation driving device, and the third rotation driving device drives the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 to drive the carbon brush holder thereon to rotate in a horizontal plane by a certain angle by taking the central axis of the carbon brush holder as a center. In the embodiment, the third rotation driving device generally employs a motor, and an output shaft of the motor is directly connected or in transmission connection with the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52.
As shown in fig. 7, two carbon brushes 601 are mounted on the carbon brush holder, the two carbon brushes 601 are offset by a certain angle in a plane, the two carbon brushes 601 in the prior art are offset by 90 degrees, and the two carbon brushes are mounted at the same height on the carbon brush holder. And the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 on the spring force testing station is driven by the third rotation driving device to rotate for a certain angle, so that two carbon brushes of the carbon brush holder can be respectively subjected to spring force testing.
And a spring force detection device is arranged on the spring force test station and comprises a spring force detection rod 531 and a third lifting driving device A, the third rotating driving device can drive a carbon brush on a carbon brush holder on the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 to align to the spring force detection rod 531, and the third lifting driving device A drives the spring force detection rod 531 to press down and press the carbon brush 601 on the carbon brush holder. The spring force detection rod 531 is connected with a pressure sensor 532, the pressure sensor 532 detects the pressure applied to the carbon brush 601 by the spring force detection rod 531, and the pressure sensor 532 is in communication connection with the controller; one side of the spring force detection rod 531 is provided with a displacement detection sensor 533, the displacement detection sensor 533 detects the displacement of the spring force detection rod 531 for pressing the carbon brush 601 downwards, and the displacement detection sensor 533 is in communication connection with the controller.
The spring force test station is provided with a detection device for detecting whether the carbon brush holder on the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 rotates in place, and the detection device is matched with the controller to control the carbon brush 601 of the carbon brush holder on the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 to rotate to align with the spring force detection rod 531.
For convenience of control, the third transfer turntable 51 is provided with a detection device corresponding to each third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 for detecting that the carbon brush holder is placed in place, and the detection device is connected with the controller.
In order to prevent the spring force detecting means from interfering with the transportation of the carbon brush holder by the third transfer turntable 51, it is preferable that the spring force detecting lever 531, the third elevation driving device a, the pressure sensor 532, and the displacement sensor 533 be mounted on the third mounting base a534, the spring force detecting means include a third elevation driving device B535, and the third elevation driving device B535 is directly or indirectly connected to the third mounting base a534 to drive the third mounting base a534 and the components thereon to be elevated upward and downward.
The working process of the spring force testing equipment is as follows:
after the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 which stops at the feeding station is placed into the carbon brush holder, the third transfer turntable 51 starts to rotate, and the carbon brush holder is conveyed to the spring force testing station; the third rotation driving device drives the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 to rotate and adjust one carbon brush of the carbon brush holder on the third carbon brush holder fixing seat to a specified angle to be aligned with the spring force detection rod 531, the third lifting driving device a drives the spring force detection rod 531 to descend to press the carbon brush, the pressure sensor 532 feeds back the pressure of the spring force detection rod 531 for pressing down to the controller, the displacement detection sensor 533 feeds back the displacement of the spring force detection rod 531 for pressing down the carbon brush to the controller, and the controller compares the pressure change detected by the pressure sensor 532 and the displacement change detected by the displacement detection sensor 533 with a theoretical value to judge whether the spring force of the carbon brush is qualified.
When the spring force testing device includes the third elevation driving device B532 and the third mount a534, the third mount a534 driven by the third elevation driving device B532 has at least two stop heights: a first stop height and a second stop height, the first stop height being higher than the second stop height, the third mount a534 performing a spring force test at the second stop height; the spring force detection lever 531 driven by the third elevation drive device a also has at least two stop heights: a third stop height and a fourth stop height, the third stop height being higher than the fourth stop height; when the third mount a534 is stopped at the second stop height and the spring force detecting lever 531 is stopped at the fourth stop height, the spring force detecting lever 531 contacts the carbon brush 601 and applies downward pressure thereto. The displacement of the spring force detection rod 531 for pressing the carbon brush holder may be directly detecting the displacement change of the spring force detection rod 531 during the movement from the third stop height to the fourth stop height, or may be detecting the displacement change of the spring force detection rod 531 during the movement from the contact of the carbon brush 601 to the fourth stop position.
In other embodiments, the rotation center of the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 is offset from the central axis of the carbon brush holder, in which case, after the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52 rotates a certain angle, two carbon brushes 601 on the carbon brush holder above it: the carbon brush A and the carbon brush B are arranged, and the position of the carbon brush B after rotation and the position of the carbon brush A before rotation have certain deviation. To solve this problem, in order to align the two carbon brushes 601 with the spring force detection rod 531 by rotating the third carbon brush holder fixing seat 52, the spring force detection apparatus in this embodiment includes a third horizontal driving device 536, the spring force detection rod 531 is disposed on a third mounting seat a534 together with a pressure sensor 532 and a displacement sensor 533, and the third mounting seat a534 is horizontally slidably connected to a third mounting seat B537 and is driven by the third horizontal driving device 536 to move in a horizontal plane; the third mounting base a534 is connected to a third lifting driving device B535, and the third lifting driving device B535 drives the third mounting base a534 and the components mounted thereon to vertically lift.
The third horizontal driving device 536, the third lifting driving device a and the third lifting driving device B are matched to realize multiple degrees of freedom and staged movement of the spring force detection rod 531 in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction.
In the working process of the carbon brush holder spring force testing device 5 of the embodiment, after the third rotation driving device drives the carbon brush holder to rotate to adjust one carbon brush thereon to a specified angle, the spring force detection rod 531 on the third mounting seat a needs to be driven by the third horizontal driving device 536 to align with one carbon brush 601 rotating to the specified angle.
After the spring force test is finished, the spring force is conveyed to a blanking station by the third transfer turntable 51 to wait for blanking.
And the spring frame qualified in the carbon brush spring force test is subjected to a trip test and a Hall test in the next step. As shown in fig. 8, the trip and carbon brush holder hall test device includes a carbon brush holder trip test device 7 and a carbon brush holder hall test device, and the carbon brush holder trip test device 7 mainly performs an overload protection test on the carbon brush holder to ensure that the overload protection function of the motor carbon brush holder is normal under an overload condition. The workstation 70 of tripping operation test equipment is last to set up material loading station, tripping operation test station and unloading station to be equipped with the fourth transfer carousel between each station, the fourth transfer carousel is rotated by motor drive, fourth transfer carousel 71 is equipped with a plurality of fourth carbon brush frame fixing bases, fourth carbon brush frame fixing base 72 rotates the material loading station, tripping operation test station and the unloading station through tripping operation test equipment along with the fourth transfer carousel in proper order, carbon brush frame and fourth carbon brush frame fixing base 72 joint location fit.
And a fourth electrifying component 73 is arranged on the tripping test station, an electric contact is arranged on the carbon brush holder, and a probe is arranged on the fourth electrifying component 73 corresponding to the electric contact on the carbon brush holder. The fourth electrical component 73 is connected to a peripheral device, which may generally comprise all or part of a voltage source, a current source, a resistor, a voltage test device and a current test device connected in series to the fourth electrical component 73. The fourth electrifying assembly 73 is connected with the fourth driving device 74, and the fourth driving device 74 drives the fourth electrifying assembly 73 to be close to or far from the carbon brush holder stopped at the tripping test station, so that the probes on the fourth electrifying assembly 73 are connected with or disconnected from the electrical contacts on the carbon brush holder. The fourth driving device 74 in this embodiment is an air cylinder, the fourth energization assembly 73 is located above the carbon brush holder stopped at the trip test station, and the air cylinder drives the fourth energization assembly to ascend and descend vertically. And a detection device for directly or indirectly detecting whether the fourth electrifying assembly 73 moves in place is arranged on the tripping test station so as to ensure that the fourth electrifying assembly can be conducted with the carbon brush holder to be tested. In this embodiment, whether the fourth electro-component moves in place is determined by detecting the telescopic rod of the cylinder.
The test principle of the carbon brush holder tripping test equipment is as follows: when the fourth power-on component 73 is conducted with the carbon brush holder, the peripheral equipment and the carbon brush holder form a passage, the peripheral equipment applies overload voltage to the carbon brush holder, if the passage is disconnected, the carbon brush holder overload protection is turned on, otherwise, the carbon brush holder does not turn on the overload protection, and the tested carbon brush holder is unqualified.
Preferably, a fourth buffer 75 is provided at the trip test station, and the fourth buffer 75 may be an elastic buffer, a hydraulic buffer, an oil buffer, or a common buffer such as an elastic pad. The fourth buffer 75 is located on a moving path of the fourth electrifying assembly 73 relative to the carbon brush holder stopped at the trip test station, the fourth electrifying assembly 73 firstly contacts with the fourth buffer 75 when contacting with the carbon brush holder, and a part of pressure of the fourth electrifying assembly 73 is offset by the fourth buffer 75, so that the fourth electrifying assembly 73 slowly approaches the carbon brush holder. This arrangement prevents the problem of the test being affected by the bending of the probes on the energizing assemblies due to increased pressure during the driving of the fourth energizing assembly 73 by the fourth driving means 74 close to the carbon brush holder. In the embodiment, the fourth energization assembly 73 is located right above the carbon brush holder stopped at the trip test station, that is, the fourth energization assembly 73 vertically moves with respect to the movement path of the carbon brush holder stopped at the trip test station, and accordingly, the fourth buffer 75 is located right below the fourth energization assembly 73, and the upper end of the fourth buffer 75 is located above the electrical contact of the carbon brush holder stopped at the trip test station.
And after the trip test is qualified, the carbon brush holder is subjected to Hall test, and the carbon brush holder Hall test equipment 8 is used for detecting whether the Hall performance of the carbon brush holder meets the requirement. The workstation 80 of carbon brush frame hall test equipment is last to set up material loading station, hall test station and unloading station to be equipped with fifth transfer carousel 81 between each station, fifth transfer carousel 81 is rotated by motor drive, is equipped with a plurality of fifth carbon brush frame fixing bases 82 on the fifth transfer carousel 81, fifth carbon brush frame fixing base 82 rotates material loading station, hall test station and the unloading station through on the hall equipment in proper order along with fifth transfer carousel 81, carbon brush frame and the joint location fit of fifth carbon brush frame fixing base 82.
The proximity testing assembly is arranged on the Hall testing station and comprises a proximity probe 831, a fifth driving device 832 and a Hall sensor 833, the fifth driving device drives the proximity probe 831 to move close to or away from a carbon brush holder on the Hall testing station, the Hall sensor 833 is installed on the proximity probe 831 and synchronously acts with the proximity probe 831, the Hall sensor 833 is enabled to extend into or withdraw from the carbon brush holder on the Hall testing station, and the Hall sensor 833 is in communication connection with an external controller. The proximity testing assembly includes a detection device for testing whether the proximity probe 831 is in place, the detection device being in communication with the controller for feeding back position information of the proximity probe to the controller. In this embodiment, the fifth driving device is an air cylinder, the approach testing component is located right above the carbon brush holder stopped on the hall testing station, and the fifth driving device drives the approach testing component to ascend and descend vertically to achieve hall testing. And the Hall test station can be also provided with an electrifying assembly to conduct the carbon brush holder.
The proximity probe of the hall test station has at least two stop positions: the detection device comprises a first stop position and a second stop position, wherein the first stop position is positioned above the second stop position, and in the first stop position, a proximity probe 831 and a Hall sensor 833 are positioned above a carbon brush holder on a Hall test station; in the second stop position, the hall sensor 833 on the proximity probe 831 extends into the carbon brush holder for a hall test.
The working process of the carbon brush holder Hall test device is as follows:
the fifth transfer turntable 81 waits for a carbon brush holder to be tested at the feeding station, and after the carbon brush holder is detected to be placed in place, the fifth transfer turntable 81 rotates to convey the carbon brush holder to the Hall testing station; after the carbon brush holder moves to the right position, a fifth driving device 832 in the proximity test assembly drives the proximity probe 831 to descend from the first stop position to the second stop position, and the hall sensor 833 carries out hall test at the second stop position; after the test is finished, the fifth driving device 832 drives the proximity probe 831 to ascend from the second stop position to the first stop position; the fifth transfer turntable 81 conveys the carbon brush holders to a blanking station to wait for blanking.
Preferably, each transfer turntable in the system is provided with a plurality of groups of carbon brush holder fixing seats, the number of the carbon brush holders fixed to each group is one or more, and the same group of carbon brush holder fixing seats are simultaneously conveyed to the same station for corresponding testing. Therefore, the multiple carbon brush holders can be tested at one time, and the testing efficiency is improved.
In the automatic detection system for the carbon brush holder of the small motor, a plurality of trolleys 11 used for loading and unloading the carbon brush holder are arranged on a first side face side by side, and a carbon brush holder laser marking device, a carbon brush holder electrical property testing device and a carbon brush holder spring force testing device are arranged on a second side face side by side; the carbon brush holder tripping test equipment and the carbon brush holder Hall test equipment are arranged on the third side face side by side, the first side face, the second side face and the third side face are distributed in a frame shape with one open face, the system feeding station, the system discharging station and the transfer station are located in an operation space surrounded by the first side face, the second side face and the third side face, and the feeding robot and the discharging robot are also located in the operation space. The operation range of the feeding robot covers a feeding and discharging trolley, a system feeding station and/or a transfer station; the operation range of the blanking robot covers a blanking trolley, a system blanking station and/or a transfer station. Preferably, the system is internally provided with a linear transfer device which is matched with a transfer robot to realize transfer of the carbon brush holder among the system feeding station, the system discharging station and each detection device in the system, the transfer of the carbon brush holder among different detection devices on the same side is realized through the linear transfer device, and the transfer among different sides of the carbon brush holder is realized through the transfer robot.
Referring to fig. 1, 4, 5 and 8, the linear transfer apparatus 21 includes a slide rail 211, and two stop positions are provided along the slide rail 211: the first transfer position corresponds to a blanking station of one of the detection devices connected by the linear transfer device 21, and the second transfer position corresponds to a loading station of the other detection device connected by the linear transfer device 21. The second clamping assembly 212 is slidably mounted on the slide rail 21, the second clamping assembly 212 includes a pair of clamping jaws and a driving cylinder for driving the clamping jaws to clamp or open, the second clamping assembly 212 is connected to the second horizontal driving device 213, in an embodiment, an output end of the second horizontal driving device 213 may be directly connected or in a transmission connection with the second clamping assembly 212. The second horizontal driving device 213 drives the second gripper assembly 212 to reciprocate along the slide rail 21 between the first transfer position and the second transfer position. The two transfer positions of the slide rail 21 are respectively provided with a detection device for detecting whether the second clamping assembly 212 moves in place, the detection device is connected with the controller, and the controller controls the second horizontal driving device 213 to stop after receiving a signal that the second clamping assembly 212 moves in place and is fed back by the detection device, so that the conveying position of the second clamping assembly is accurately controlled.
Set up in this application above-mentioned straight line and carry equipment 21 and carry out the carbon brush frame's of adjacent equipment room of same side reprint, can reduce the quantity of transshipment robot in the system, and straight line moves equipment 21 and for the simple structure of transshipment robot, occupation space is little, can reduce the manufacturing cost of system, makes the system set up compactly.
This system detects unqualified carbon brush frame including retrieving the box in order retrieving each check out test set, in the embodiment, can all set up on every check out test set's the workstation in the system and retrieve the box, retrieves the box and is located the straight line and moves the transfer path that carries equipment 21 or transfer robot transport carbon brush frame.
The automatic detection system for the small-motor carbon brush holder shown in fig. 1 is further provided with a display, and the display is in communication connection with the controller to display the carbon brush holder information, the test data and the test state information. The controller is also connected with a database module, and the database module stores the carbon brush holder test information and interacts with the controller.
The application also provides a test method based on the small motor carbon brush holder automatic test tool system, which comprises the following steps:
the feeding robot firstly feeds the material to a system feeding station from a feeding trolley to a feeding trolley stopping station; the transfer robot carries the carbon brush holder from a system feeding station to a carbon brush holder laser marking device to perform laser marking processing, the laser marking device imprints production data of the carbon brush holder on the carbon brush holder in a two-dimensional code mode, identifies whether the two-dimensional code is printed correctly and clearly, if the two-dimensional code is qualified, the carbon brush holder is transferred to an electrical property testing device to test electrical property parameters of the carbon brush holder, otherwise, the carbon brush holder is blanked into a recovery box, and a controller stores a test result to a database module;
the electrical property testing equipment performs an electrical test on the carbon brush holder to obtain electrical parameters of the carbon brush holder and feeds the electrical parameters back to the controller, the controller compares the electrical parameters obtained by the test with theoretical data to determine whether the carbon brush holder is qualified, if so, the carbon brush holder is transferred to the spring force testing equipment to test the elastic property of the carbon brush, otherwise, the carbon brush holder is discharged into a recovery box, and the controller stores the test result to the database module;
the carbon brush holder spring force testing equipment detects the spring force of a carbon brush on the carbon brush holder and feeds the result back to the controller, the controller compares the data obtained by the test with the elasticity of the carbon brush of the wheel sorting, judges whether the elasticity of the carbon brush is qualified or not, if the elasticity of the carbon brush is qualified, the carbon brush is transferred to the carbon brush holder tripping testing equipment to perform overload protection test on the carbon brush holder, otherwise, the carbon brush holder is blanked to a recovery box, and the controller stores the test result to the database module;
the carbon brush holder tripping test equipment electrically tests the overload capacity of the carbon brush holder on the carbon brush holder to ensure that the carbon brush holder can actively break a path under the overload condition, if the test is qualified, the carbon brush holder is transported to a Hall test device to carry out Hall test, otherwise, the carbon brush holder is discharged to a recovery box, and the controller stores the test result to a database module;
the Hall test equipment of the carbon brush holder tests the Hall performance of the carbon brush holder, the test result is fed back to the controller, the controller judges whether the test result meets the requirement, if the test result is qualified, the carbon brush holder is transported to a system blanking station, otherwise, the carbon brush holder is blanked to a recovery box, and the controller stores the test result to the database module;
and the carbon brush holder on the system blanking station is blanked to the upper blanking trolley by the blanking robot.
In the test method, the trolley which is fed to the trolley stop station is stacked with a specific number of M trays on the plate, M is greater than 0, and a plurality of carbon brush holders are orderly arranged on each tray. The method comprises the following steps that a feeding robot carries a tray filled with a carbon brush frame to a system feeding station from a trolley plate, a controller counts the number of the trays carried by the feeding robot in a carrying period, and determines the coordinates of the tray grabbed by the feeding robot next time again, wherein the carrying period is the time when the feeding robot carries all M trays on a trolley; the blanking robot carries the trays filled with the carbon brush holders to a trolley plate from a system blanking station, the controller counts the number of the trays carried by the blanking robot in a carrying period, and determines the coordinates of the blanking robot for placing the trays next time, wherein the carrying period is the time required for the blanking robot to stack all the M trays to an empty trolley. In the above-mentioned method, the first step of the method,
the position of a tray on the trolley is determined in the horizontal plane; due to the fact that the height of a single tray is determined, the number of the trays on the trolley in the initial loading or unloading state and the process can also be determined, namely the position of the transfer robot on each loading or unloading position of the trolley can be determined, and therefore the complexity of determining the height of the upper portion and the lower portion can be reduced when the tray is used for carrying.
The application also discloses a carbon brush holder assembly production line, and the carbon brush holder assembly production line comprises the carbon brush holder testing system.
Above-mentioned small motor carbon brush frame detecting system can realize carrying out the detection of each item performance to the carbon brush frame on the carbon brush frame production line automatically to the overall process does not need artifical the participation, and the precision of test result is high, and efficiency of software testing is high.
And the controller automatically records the relevant data of the whole test process, and displays the test result and the relevant production data through the display device, so that the management and the tracing of the test process by the working personnel are facilitated.

Claims (8)

1. A carbon brush holder test system is characterized by comprising carbon brush holder laser marking equipment, carbon brush holder electrical property test equipment, carbon brush holder carbon brush spring force detection equipment, carbon brush holder trip-out test equipment and carbon brush holder Hall test equipment,
the carbon brush holder laser marking device comprises a laser marking machine for performing laser marking on the carbon brush holder and a two-dimensional code recognizer for recognizing two-dimensional code information printed and engraved by the laser marking machine, wherein the laser marking machine and the two-dimensional code recognizer are respectively in communication connection with the controller;
the carbon brush holder is provided with an electric contact, the carbon brush holder electric property testing equipment comprises a second electrifying assembly, the second electrifying assembly is provided with a probe corresponding to the electric contact on the carbon brush holder, the second electrifying assembly is electrically connected with an external electric property detecting instrument, the second electrifying assembly is connected with a second driving device, and the second driving device drives the second electrifying assembly to be close to or far away from the carbon brush holder to be tested so as to conduct or break a connecting passage between the carbon brush holder to be tested and the electric property detecting instrument; the electrical property detection instrument is in communication connection with the controller;
the carbon brush holder is provided with a carbon brush, the carbon brush holder spring force detection equipment comprises a spring force detection rod and a third lifting driving device A, the third lifting driving device A drives the spring force detection rod to press down and press the carbon brush on the carbon brush holder, the spring force detection rod is connected with a pressure sensor, the pressure sensor detects the pressure applied to the carbon brush by the spring force detection rod, and the pressure sensor is in communication connection with the controller; a displacement detection sensor is arranged on one side of the spring force detection rod and used for detecting the displacement of the carbon brush pressed down by the spring force detection rod, and the displacement detection sensor is in communication connection with the controller;
the carbon brush holder tripping test equipment comprises a fourth electrifying assembly, and probes are arranged on the fourth electrifying assembly corresponding to the electric contacts on the carbon brush holder; the fourth electrifying assembly is connected with peripheral equipment, the fourth electrifying assembly is connected with a fourth driving device, the fourth driving device drives the fourth electrifying assembly to be close to or far away from the carbon brush frame to be tested so as to conduct or break the carbon brush frame to be tested and the peripheral equipment, the peripheral equipment is in communication connection with the controller, and the controller controls the peripheral equipment to apply voltage to the carbon brush frame to be tested;
the carbon brush holder Hall test equipment comprises a proximity test component, the proximity test component comprises a proximity probe, a fifth driving device and a Hall sensor, the fifth driving device drives the proximity probe to move to be close to or far away from a carbon brush holder on a Hall test station, the Hall sensor is installed on the proximity probe, the fifth driving device drives the proximity probe to drive the Hall sensor on the proximity probe to stretch into or move out of the carbon brush holder to be tested, the Hall sensor is in communication connection with a controller, a carbon brush holder feeding station, a carbon brush holder laser marking station, an identification station and a blanking station are arranged on a workbench of the carbon brush holder laser marking equipment, a first transfer turntable is arranged among the stations, the first transfer turntable is driven to rotate by a motor, a plurality of first carbon brush holder fixing seats are arranged on the first transfer turntable, and the first carbon brush holder fixing seats sequentially rotate along with the first transfer turntable and pass through the carbon brush holder feeding station of the carbon brush holder laser marking equipment, A carbon brush holder laser marking station, an identification station and a blanking station; laser marking machine sets up at carbon brush frame laser marking station, and the two-dimensional code recognizer sets up at the discernment station, is equipped with material loading station, circular telegram test station and unloading station on carbon brush frame electrical property test equipment's the workstation to be equipped with second transfer carousel between each station, second transfer carousel is rotated by motor drive, is equipped with a plurality of second carbon brush frame fixing bases on the second transfer carousel, second carbon brush frame fixing base rotates material loading station, circular telegram test station and the unloading station through on the carbon brush frame electrical property test equipment along with second transfer carousel in proper order, and second circular telegram subassembly sets up at circular telegram test station.
2. The carbon brush holder testing system according to claim 1, wherein a first carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism is arranged on the carbon brush holder laser marking station, the first carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism comprises a first clamping component, a first rotating driving device for driving the first clamping component to rotate and a first lifting driving device for driving the first clamping component to move up and down, and the carbon brush holder clamped by the first clamping component is opposite to a laser outlet of the laser marking machine; and a second carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism is arranged on the recognition station, the second carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism and the first carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism are identical in structure, and the carbon brush holder clamped by the clamping assembly of the second carbon brush holder grabbing mechanism is just opposite to the recognition window of the two-dimensional code recognizer.
3. A carbon brush holder testing system according to claim 1, wherein a second buffer is provided in the energization testing station, the second buffer being located on a moving path of the second energization component with respect to the carbon brush holder stopped at the energization testing station, the second energization component first coming into contact with an end of the second buffer when coming into contact with the carbon brush holder, and a part of a pressure of the second energization component is cancelled by the second buffer, so that the second energization component approaches the carbon brush holder slowly.
4. A carbon brush holder test system as claimed in claim 1, wherein a loading station, a spring force test station and a blanking station are provided on the table of the carbon brush holder spring force test device, and a third transfer turntable is provided between the stations, the third transfer turntable is driven by a motor to rotate, a plurality of third carbon brush holder holders are provided on the third transfer turntable, the third carbon brush holder holders sequentially rotate with the third transfer turntable to pass through the loading station, the spring force test station and the blanking station of the carbon brush holder electrical property test device, and the spring force detection rod, the third lifting drive device A, the pressure sensor and the displacement sensor are provided at the spring force test station.
5. The carbon brush holder testing system according to claim 4, wherein the carbon brush holder is provided with a plurality of carbon brushes, and the plurality of carbon brushes are staggered in a plane; the third carbon brush holder fixing seat is rotatably connected to the third transfer turntable, the third carbon brush holder fixing seat is connected with the third rotation driving device, and the third rotation driving device drives the third carbon brush holder fixing seat to drive the carbon brush holder on the third carbon brush holder fixing seat to rotate so as to adjust the position of the carbon brush.
6. The carbon brush holder testing system according to claim 4, wherein the spring force detection rod, the third lifting driving device A, the pressure sensor and the displacement sensor are mounted on a third mounting seat A, a spring force testing station of the carbon brush holder spring force testing equipment is provided with a third lifting driving device B, and the third lifting driving device B drives the third mounting seat A and components thereon to vertically lift; and a spring force testing station of the carbon brush holder spring force testing equipment is also provided with a third horizontal driving device, and the third mounting seat A is horizontally and slidably connected to the third mounting seat B and is driven by the third horizontal driving device to move in a horizontal plane.
7. The carbon brush holder testing system according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of devices among the carbon brush holder laser marking device, the carbon brush holder electrical property testing device, the carbon brush holder spring force testing device, the carbon brush holder trip testing device, and the carbon brush holder hall testing device are arranged side by side on the same side, a straight line transfer device is arranged between two adjacent testing devices on the same side to realize the transfer of the carbon brush holder, the straight line transfer device comprises a slide rail, and two stop positions are arranged along the slide rail: the device comprises a first transfer position and a second transfer position, wherein the first transfer position corresponds to a blanking station of one detection device connected through a linear transfer device, and the second transfer position corresponds to a loading station of the other detection device connected through the linear transfer device; the sliding rail is provided with a second clamping assembly in a sliding mode, the second clamping assembly is connected with a second horizontal driving device, and the second horizontal driving device drives the second clamping assembly to move back and forth between a first shifting position and a second shifting position along the sliding rail.
8. A carbon brush holder assembly line, comprising a carbon brush holder testing system according to any one of claims 1 to 7.
CN201910389739.9A 2019-01-30 2019-05-10 Carbon brush holder assembly line and carbon brush holder test system Active CN110031712B (en)

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