CN109730848B - Multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair - Google Patents

Multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109730848B
CN109730848B CN201910166375.8A CN201910166375A CN109730848B CN 109730848 B CN109730848 B CN 109730848B CN 201910166375 A CN201910166375 A CN 201910166375A CN 109730848 B CN109730848 B CN 109730848B
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frame
lying
sitting
seat cushion
crutch
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CN109730848A (en
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刘建平
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair, which comprises a sitting and lying part mechanism, a standing part mechanism and a urination and defecation part mechanism, wherein a left turning-over mechanism and a right turning-over mechanism are arranged on the basis of the sitting and lying part mechanism, a standing part auxiliary mechanism is arranged on the basis of the standing part mechanism, the sitting and lying part mechanism comprises a seat plate frame, a back rest frame and a pedal plate frame, and a sitting and lying telescopic motor for driving the back rest frame and the pedal plate frame to convert between a sitting and standing position and a lying position is arranged between the back rest frame and the seat plate frame; the standing component mechanism comprises a left crutch support and a right crutch support, and a front overturning seat cushion frame and a rear overturning seat cushion frame which are provided with standing motors drive the left crutch support and the right crutch support to ascend and descend so as to assist the human body to change between a sitting posture and a standing posture; the auxiliary mechanism of the standing part comprises a fixed crutch and a sliding crutch. The utility model can help the disabled, such as disabled old people, patients and disabled people to turn over, relieve bowels, bath and wash hair and move bodies, and help the patients to smoothly transition from prone position to sitting position and from sitting position to standing position.

Description

Multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a rehabilitation nursing device, in particular to a multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair.
Background
In order to solve the special care problems (mainly the prominent problems of lying on back and relieving bowels) of old people and disabled people with poor life and inconvenient legs and feet, the inventor provides an utility model patent application of a bed chair, and the authority notice number of the utility model is CN203860804U.
The main support comprises an upper support and supporting legs, the seat plate is arranged on the upper support, the backrest is hinged with the upper support, the lower end of the backrest extends downwards to the lower parts of the supporting legs, the lower end of the backrest is hinged with the rear end of a foot rest, and the front end of the foot rest extends out of the front end of the seat plate; the upper end of a connecting rod is hinged with the outer end of the upper bracket, and the lower end of the connecting rod is hinged with the pedal to form a linkage mechanism which is formed by the upper bracket parallel to the pedal and the backrest parallel to the connecting rod; one side of the upper bracket is hinged with an angle adjusting pull rod through a hinge piece, the angle adjusting pull rod is connected with an angle pull rope, and the other end of the angle pull rope is connected with an angle adjusting device through an angle roller.
The bed chair depends on the linkage of the backrest and the foot pedals, so that a patient does not need to help by other people, can take the bed at any time according to own will under the condition of no electric power, and can automatically solve the problem of urination and defecation under the sitting and standing postures.
Due to the limitation of the structure, the bed chair cannot complete more nursing functions, such as turning over and washing hair of a patient in a lying posture, and can not help the patient to naturally transition from a sitting posture to a standing posture, so that the patient can move the body in sequence, can conveniently change and take the wheelchair, and even can encircle the cloth to carry out shower scrubbing on the body.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the utility model aims to solve the technical problem of providing a multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair capable of realizing multiple nursing works.
The multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair capable of solving the technical problems comprises a sitting and lying part mechanism and a urination and defecation part mechanism, and the technical scheme is that:
1. the sitting and lying part mechanism comprises a seat plate frame, a backrest frame and a pedal plate frame, wherein the seat plate frame is arranged on a supporting frame of the base plate frame, the middle lower part of the backrest frame is hinged at the rear end of the seat plate frame, the vertical section of the L-shaped pedal plate frame is hinged at the front end of the seat plate frame, a sitting and lying linkage connecting rod parallel to the seat plate frame is hinged between the lower part of the backrest frame and the vertical section of the pedal plate frame, and a sitting and lying telescopic motor for driving the backrest frame and the pedal plate frame to convert between a sitting and lying position is arranged between the backrest frame and the base plate frame.
2. The left and right turning mechanism comprises left and right turning plates which are embedded through left and right staggered saw-tooth end faces, the hinge points of the left and right turning plates on the back rest are respectively positioned on the right side and the left side of the central line of the back rest, left and right seat cushion turning plates are arranged in the seat cushion frame corresponding to the left and right turning plates, the seat cushion frame is hinged with the seat plate frame through left and right hinges at the front end, and the hinge points of the left and right seat cushion turning plates on the seat cushion frame are respectively aligned with the hinge points of the left and right turning plates.
3. The turnover telescopic motor is arranged below the backrest frame, the left and right turnover plates are respectively pulled by left and right telescopic rods of the turnover telescopic motor through left and right pulling ropes, and the corresponding turnover plates are respectively driven to turn over by the extended or contracted telescopic rods through the left and right pulling ropes.
4. The left and right body turning plates are respectively provided with a left and right supporting rod which drives the left and right seat cushion turning plates to be linked, and the left and right supporting rods are separated from the left and right seat cushion turning plates in the sitting position.
The technical proposal also comprises a standing component mechanism, one structure of the standing component mechanism comprises a left crutch and a right crutch, each crutch comprises a longitudinal crutch rod, a front supporting rod and a rear supporting rod which are arranged at the bottom of the longitudinal crutch rod, the rear supporting rod is hinged on the seat cushion frame, the front support rod is hinged on a standing linkage rod parallel to the seat cushion frame, the standing linkage rod and the seat cushion frame are respectively hinged on a front crutch frame and a rear crutch frame on the base plate frame, and a standing motor for driving the left crutch and the right crutch to rise and fall by turning the seat cushion frame front and back is arranged between the seat cushion frame and the base plate frame.
Further, the left and right crutch struts are provided with a standing component auxiliary mechanism, and the standing component auxiliary mechanism has two forms:
1. the auxiliary mechanism of the standing component comprises a front guard bar, a rear guard bar, a left guard bar and a right guard bar, wherein the front guard bar and the rear guard bar are arranged on the left crutch support and the right crutch support in a front sliding manner, and the left guard bar and the right guard bar are arranged on the front guard bar and the rear guard bar in a left sliding manner.
2. The auxiliary mechanism of the standing component comprises a left sliding frame and a right sliding frame, the front and the back of the left sliding frame are slidably arranged on a left crutch support, the front and the back of the right sliding frame are slidably arranged on a right crutch support, the left sliding frame is provided with a left supporting frame which turns outwards to be horizontal, and the right sliding frame is provided with a right supporting frame which turns outwards to be horizontal.
In order to improve stability, the lower parts of the seat cushion frame and the rising linkage rod are respectively provided with a front rising inclined strut and a rear rising inclined strut which are parallel to each other and incline upwards backwards, a horizontal rising support connecting rod is hinged between the lower ends of the front rising inclined strut and the rear rising inclined strut, the upper end of the front rising inclined strut is fixedly connected with the rising linkage rod, and the upper end of the rear rising inclined strut is fixedly connected with the seat cushion frame.
The structure of the excrement and urine part mechanism comprises an excrement opening pad which is arranged below a seat cushion frame and turned upwards to close an excrement opening, the excrement opening pad is connected with a horizontal movable enclosing barrel through a linkage mechanism, a urinal is hung at the lower opening of the enclosing barrel, the excrement opening pad is driven by a convenient telescopic motor to turn downwards to open the excrement opening, and the linkage mechanism drives the enclosing barrel to move to the lower part of the excrement opening.
Further, a water spray port and a hot air pipe are arranged in the enclosing barrel, and a wiping block made of a hairbrush or sponge is arranged on the periphery of the upper port of the enclosing barrel.
In order to improve the stress intensity, a front lying and a rear lying inclined supporting rod which are parallel to each other and incline to the front upper side are arranged below the sitting and lying linkage connecting rod, a lying supporting connecting rod which is parallel to the sitting and lying linkage connecting rod is arranged below the sitting and lying linkage connecting rod, one end of the front lying and lying inclined supporting rod is hinged with the front end of the lying supporting connecting rod, the other end of the front lying and lying inclined supporting rod is fixedly connected to the vertical section of the pedal frame, and one end of the rear lying and lying inclined supporting rod is hinged with the rear end of the lying supporting connecting rod, and the other end of the rear lying and inclined supporting rod is fixedly connected with the lower end of the back rest frame.
Furthermore, a hair washing hole is formed in the upper portion of the backrest frame, and a pillow frame is inserted into the hair washing hole.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:
the multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair can help the disabled person, such as disabled old people, patients and disabled persons to turn over, relieve bowels, bath and wash hair and move bodies, and help the user to smoothly transition from prone position to sitting position and from sitting position to standing position.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment of the present utility model, which is shown in a sitting state.
Fig. 2 is a view showing the embodiment of fig. 1, in which the sitting position is converted into the lying position.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the left-right turn-over mechanism in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the left-right turn-over mechanism in a sitting state.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the standing member mechanism, showing structural dynamics in a sitting state.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the standing component mechanism, showing structural dynamics in a standing state.
Fig. 7 (a) is a schematic view of the left and right turn-over plates in fig. 3 in an un-turned state.
Fig. 7 (b) is a schematic view of the left turn-over plate turned right in fig. 7 (a).
Fig. 8 (a) is a schematic structural view of the standing member assist mechanism in the embodiment of fig. 1.
Fig. 8 (b) is a schematic view showing another structure of the stand member supporting mechanism in the embodiment of fig. 1.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the urination and defecation component mechanism in the embodiment of fig. 1, showing a state in which the urination and defecation opening pad is closed.
Fig. 10 is a view showing the stool and urine opening cushion of fig. 9 in an opened state.
Drawing number identification: 1. a seat plate frame; 2. a back rest frame; 3. pedal frame; 4. a support frame; 5. a base plate frame; 6. a sitting and lying telescopic motor; 7. a piece of cloth; 8. a left body turning plate; 9. a right body turning plate; 10. a left seat cushion turning plate; 11. a right seat cushion turning plate; 12. a seat cushion frame; 13. a right crutch support; 14. a left crutch support; 15. a standing motor; 16. a front strut; 17. a rear strut; 18. a standing linkage rod; 19. a front crutch rack; 20. a rear crutch rack; 21. a left support rod; 22. a right support rod; 23. a sitting and lying linkage connecting rod; 24. a turnover telescopic motor; 25. a left pulling rope; 26. a right pulling rope; 27. a front guard bar; 28. a rear guard bar; 29. a left guard bar; 30. a right guard bar; 31. a left carriage; 32. a right carriage; 33. a left support; 34. a right support; 35. an excrement opening; 36. a urine and feces opening pad; 37. a surrounding barrel; 38. a urinal; 39. the telescopic motor is convenient; 40. wiping the block; 41. a front lying diagonal brace; 42. reclining diagonal braces; 43. a lying support link; 44. a hair washing hole; 45. a linkage mechanism; 46. a front vertical diagonal brace; 47. rear lifting inclined stay bars; 48. standing up the support connecting rod; 49. the machine frame is convenient; 50. a human body; 51. a left hinge; 52. and right hinged.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme of the utility model is further described below with reference to the embodiment shown in the drawings.
The utility model relates to a multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair which comprises a sitting and lying part mechanism, a standing part mechanism and a urination and defecation part mechanism, wherein a left and right turning-over mechanism is arranged on the basis of the sitting and lying part mechanism, and a standing part auxiliary mechanism is arranged on the basis of the standing part mechanism.
The sitting and lying part mechanism comprises a seat plate frame 1, a backrest frame 2 and an L-shaped pedal frame 3 (comprising a vertical section and a horizontal section), and the structure of the sitting and lying part mechanism is described in a sitting and standing state:
the seat board frame 1 is horizontally arranged on the support frame 4, the support frame 4 is arranged on the base board frame 5, the upper part of the back rest frame 2 is provided with a hair washing hole 44, and a pillow frame is inserted into the hair washing hole 44; the back rest frame 2 (the boundary between the middle upper part and the lower part of the frame body) is hinged at the rear end of the seat plate frame 1, the upper end of the vertical section of the pedal frame 3 is hinged at the front end of the seat plate frame 1, a horizontal (i.e. parallel to the seat plate frame 1) sitting and lying linkage link 23 is hinged between the bottom of the lower part of the back rest frame 2 and the middle part of the vertical section of the pedal frame 3, a lying and lying support link 43 parallel and equal in length with the sitting and lying linkage link 23 is arranged at the rear lower part of the sitting and lying linkage link 23, the front end of the lying support link 43 is provided with a front lying inclined support link 41, the rear lower end of the front lying inclined support link 41 is hinged with the front end of the lying support link 43, the front upper end of the front lying inclined support link 41 is fixedly connected to the front end of the pedal frame 3 (at a position lower than the front end hinge point of the sitting and lying linkage link 23), the rear lying support link 42 is hinged with the rear end of the lying support link 43, the rear lying support link 42 is fixedly connected to the front end of the back rest frame 2 in a telescopic frame in a front-to-back rest frame 6, the front end of the back rest frame 2 is stretched out and stretched out in a telescopic manner in the front of the figure, and the front of the back rest frame 2 is stretched out and stretched out in the figure, and stretched out in the front, and stretched out in the figure, and stretched out.
The telescopic rod of the sitting and lying telescopic motor 6 is contracted to convert the sitting and lying component mechanism from the sitting and standing state to the lying and lying state, during the conversion process, the first parallelogram mechanism formed by the seat plate frame 1, the back rest frame 2, the pedal frame 3 and the sitting and lying linkage connecting rod 23 gradually becomes flat without stress, when approaching to lying (the back rest frame 2 turns backwards and downwards, the pedal frame 3 turns forwards and upwards), the second parallelogram mechanism formed by the sitting and lying linkage connecting rod 23, the lying and lying support connecting rod 43 and the front and back lying and lying inclined supporting rods 41 and 42 is stressed to limit the lying position, and during the conversion process, the sitting and lying and semi-lying posture can be kept at any comfortable position in the middle by stopping the sitting and lying telescopic motor 6, as shown in fig. 2.
The left-right turning mechanism is arranged in the backrest frame 2 (rectangular frame), and describes the structure of the left-right turning mechanism in a lying state: the left-right turning mechanism comprises left and right turning plates 8 and 9, the left and right turning plates 8 and 9 are embedded into a plane plate body through the zigzag (square) end surfaces which are staggered left and right, a front rotating point A1 and a rear rotating point A1 of the left turning plate 8 on the back rest frame 2 are arranged on the right side of the central line of the back rest frame 2, a front rotating point A2 and a rear rotating point A2 of the right turning plate 9 on the back rest frame 2 are arranged on the left side of the central line of the back rest frame 2, and the distance between the rotating point A1 and the rotating point A2 is larger than the width of a common human body 50; a turning-over telescopic motor 24 is arranged below the middle part of the left turning-over plate 8, the front end (on the central line of the backrest frame 2) of a telescopic rod which stretches out leftwards by the turning-over telescopic motor 24 is connected with left and right pulling ropes 25 and 26, the left pulling rope 25 is pulled on a pull handle at the bottom of the left end of the right turning-over plate 9, and the right pulling rope 26 is pulled on a pull handle at the bottom of the right end of the left turning-over plate 8, as shown in fig. 3 and 7 (a).
The telescopic rod of the turn-over telescopic motor 24 is contracted, the telescopic rod pulls the left turn-over plate 8 to turn right through the right pulling rope 26, i.e. the human body turns right, and the left pulling rope 25 deforms without pulling the right turn-over plate 9, as shown in fig. 7 (b), otherwise, the telescopic rod of the sitting-lying telescopic motor 24 stretches out, the telescopic rod pulls the right turn-over plate 9 to turn left through the left pulling rope 25, i.e. the human body turns left, and the right pulling rope 26 deforms without pulling the left turn-over plate 8.
In order to assist the body to turn over, a left seat cushion turning plate 10 and a right seat cushion turning plate 11 are arranged in a seat cushion frame 12 corresponding to the left turning plate 8 and the right turning plate 9, in a sitting state, the seat cushion frame 12 is horizontally arranged in the seat cushion frame 1, the front end of the seat cushion frame 12 is arranged on the seat cushion frame 1 through a left hinge 51 and a right hinge 52, and the front hinge point and the rear hinge point of the left seat cushion turning plate 10 and the right seat cushion turning plate 11 on the seat cushion frame 12 are respectively aligned with the hinge points of the left turning plate 8 and the right turning plate 9; the left and right turn-over plates 8, 9 are respectively provided with left and right support rods 21, 22 for driving the left and right seat cushion turning plates 10, 11 to be linked, and the left and right support rods 21, 22 are separated from the left and right seat cushion turning plates 10, 11 in the sitting position; the left and right end notches of the left and right cushion flaps 10, 11 form a stool opening 35, as shown in fig. 3 and 4.
Compared with the turning-over mechanism of the traditional nursing bed, the left-right turning-over mechanism has the advantages that:
1. the left and right body turning plates 8 and 9 can push the whole body to turn left or right, thereby avoiding the defect that only one part of the body is pushed to rotate and the lateral sliding is easy to generate.
2. The left turning plate 8 and the right turning plate 9 are crossed and contact with different parts of the body through the sawtooth plate surfaces, and even if the body is lifted at a small angle, the body can be contacted with air in turn, so that bedsores are more effectively avoided.
In the turning mechanism of the traditional nursing bed, the left turning plate and the right turning plate take the central shaft of the bed as a rotating shaft, so that in practical application, a patient is easy to push aside and cannot turn over.
When hair washing is needed, the sitting and lying part mechanism is in a lying state to enable the body to lie down, the pillow frame is removed to enable the head of a human body to be placed on the hair washing hole 44, and then hair washing can be performed normally, and hair washing water flows into the collecting basin below from the hair washing hole 44, as shown in fig. 2 and 3.
The excrement and urine part mechanism is arranged on one side below the seat cushion frame 12 and comprises an excrement and urine opening pad 36, a surrounding barrel 37 and a urinal 38, wherein the excrement and urine opening pad 36 is hinged on a convenient rack 49 and is vertically turned over under the drive of a convenient telescopic motor 39 to close and open an excrement and urine opening 35, the surrounding barrel 37 is arranged on the convenient rack 49 in a left-right sliding manner, the urinal 38 is hung at the lower opening of the surrounding barrel 37, the excrement and urine opening pad 36 is connected with the surrounding barrel 37 through a linkage mechanism 45, a water spray opening and a hot air pipe are arranged in the surrounding barrel 37, and a wiping block 40 made of a hairbrush or sponge is arranged at the periphery of the upper opening of the surrounding barrel 37; when the stool and urine opening cushion 36 is turned down to open the stool and urine opening 35, the linkage mechanism 45 drives the surrounding barrel 37 to be pulled below the stool and urine opening 35, and when the stool and urine opening cushion 36 is turned up to close the stool and urine opening 35, the linkage mechanism 45 pushes the surrounding barrel 37 away from the stool and urine opening 35 to the side, so that a service person can conveniently take down the urinal 38 to clean the stool and urine, as shown in fig. 9 and 10.
After the excrement and urine is finished, the water jet sprays clean water column to clean the lower part of the human body 50, and then the hot air is blown out by the hot air pipe to dry the lower part of the human body 50, so that clean water drops which are adhered to the lower part and are not easy to dry can be repeatedly stretched by operating the stretching motor 39, thereby driving the enclosing barrel 37 to reciprocate, and the clean water drops on the lower part of the human body 50 are repeatedly wiped by the wiping block 40.
Description of the structure of the standing part mechanism in a sitting posture: the stand component mechanism comprises left and right crutch struts 13 and 14, each crutch strut comprises a front longitudinal crutch rod, a rear longitudinal crutch rod, a front strut rod 16 and a rear strut rod 17 which are arranged at the bottoms of the crutch rods, the lower end of the front strut rod 16 is hinged at the rear part of a stand linkage rod 18 (parallel to and at the same height as the seat cushion frame 12), the front end of the stand linkage rod 18 is hinged at a front crutch frame 19 of the seat cushion frame 5, the lower end of the rear strut rod 17 is hinged at the rear part of the corresponding side of the seat cushion frame 12, the front end of the corresponding side of the seat cushion frame 12 is hinged at a rear crutch frame 20 of the seat cushion frame 5, a stand motor 15 (which can avoid a stool opening 35) is arranged below the seat cushion frame 12, the lower end of the body of the stand motor 15 is hinged at the seat cushion frame 5, and the upper end of the telescopic rod of the stand motor 15 is hinged at the bottom of the seat cushion frame 12; below the seat cushion frame 12 and the upright linkage rod 18, an upright support link 48 parallel to the longitudinal diagonal rod is arranged, the front end of the upright support link 48 is hinged with the front lower end of the front upright diagonal rod 46, the rear upper end of the front upright diagonal rod 46 is fixedly connected with the rod body of the upright linkage rod 18 (the fixed point is positioned between the front support rod 16 and the front diagonal rod 19), the rear end of the upright support link 48 is hinged with the front lower end of the rear upright diagonal rod 47 (parallel to the front upright diagonal rod 46), and the rear upper end of the rear upright diagonal rod 47 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the corresponding side of the seat cushion frame 12 (the fixed point is positioned between the rear support rod 17 and the rear diagonal rod 20), as shown in fig. 5.
When the telescopic rod of the rising motor 15 is extended, the telescopic rod pushes the seat cushion frame 12 to turn upwards, and the left and right longitudinal crutch rods are driven to rise by the left and right first parallelogram mechanisms consisting of the seat cushion frame 12 (hinged rear strut 17), the rising linkage rod 18 (hinged front strut 16) and the left and right crutch struts 13 and 14, the rising left and right crutch rods (supporting the armpit of the human body 50) can change the human body from a sitting state to a standing state, the upturned seat cushion frame 12 (supporting the buttocks of the human body 50) plays a role of assisting in pushing the standing of the human body, and the second parallelogram mechanisms consisting of the rising support connecting rod 48 and the front and rear rising diagonal struts 46 and 47 simultaneously form stable support for the left and right crutch rods; when the telescopic rod of the standing motor 15 is contracted, the left and right crutch rods and the seat cushion frame 12 cooperatively move to convert the human body 50 from the standing posture to the sitting posture.
The auxiliary mechanism of the standing component is in two structural forms, and the left and right turning rods at the moment adopt double rods.
1. The fixed crutch support convenient for the full-paralysis patient to use comprises front and rear transverse guard bars 27 and 28 and left and right longitudinal guard bars 29 and 30, wherein the front and rear guard bars 27 and 28 are arranged on the double bars of the left and right crutch supports 13 and 14 in a sliding way, the left and right guard bars 29 and 30 are arranged on the front and rear guard bars 27 and 28 in a sliding way, the front and rear guard bars 27 and 28 and the left and right guard bars 29 and 30 are enclosed around the armpits and the chest of the full-paralysis patient, the body of the full-paralysis patient is limited not to excessively incline, and the upper half body of the full-paralysis patient is supported by the lifting force transmitted by the left and right crutch bars, so as to help the full-paralysis patient to stand up or sit down, as shown in fig. 8 (a).
2. The sliding crutch support convenient for the patient with inflexible legs and feet comprises a left sliding frame 31 and a right sliding frame 32, wherein the front part and the rear part of the left sliding frame 31 are slidably arranged on double rods of a left crutch support 14, the front part and the rear part of the right sliding frame 32 are slidably arranged on double rods of a right crutch support 13, the left sliding frame 31 is provided with a left supporting frame 33 which turns outwards to the right and is horizontal, the right sliding frame 32 is provided with a right supporting frame 34 which turns outwards to the left and is horizontal, the left supporting frames 33 and the right supporting frames 34 support the armpits of the user and support the upper half of the patient through the lifting force transferred by the left crutch rod and the right crutch rod so as to help the patient stand or sit down, and can move a distance along the front part and the rear part of the left crutch rod and help the patient to move the feet when standing, and a computer can be placed on the left crutch rod and the right crutch rod as a meal, and a computer can also be placed on a support plate as shown in fig. 8 (b).
In order to avoid collision of all the component mechanisms in the running process, the utility model designs the logic conditions of the actions of all the telescopic motors.
The logic conditions of the sitting and lying telescopic motor 6 are as follows: as shown in fig. 3, the left and right turn-over plates 8, 9 are in the same plane with the back rest frame 2, the sensors B1, B2 (both using travel switches) on the left and right sides are all in contact, as shown in fig. 5, the seat cushion frame 12 is in the horizontal position, the sensor D (using travel switches) is in contact, the three sensors B1, B2, D are all logic 1, and the sitting and lying telescopic motor 6 is powered on through a logic and circuit (b1×b2×d=1).
The logic conditions of the turning telescopic motor 24 are: as shown in fig. 2, the human body 50 lies flat, the sensor C1 (using a travel switch) is in contact, the logic is 1, the seat cushion frame 12 is in the horizontal position as shown in fig. 5, the sensor D (using a travel switch) is in contact, the sensor D is in logic 1, and the turning-over telescopic motor 24 is energized by a logic and circuit (c1×d=1).
The logical conditions of the standing motor 15 are: as shown in fig. 1, the backrest 2 is in the upright position, the human body 50 is in a sitting or standing posture, the sensor C2 (using a travel switch) is in contact, it is logic 1, and the standing motor 15 is energized by a logic and circuit (c2×1=1).
The logic of the convenient telescopic motor 39 is unconditional.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a multi-functional nursing rehabilitation bed chair, includes sitting and lying part mechanism and urine and feces part mechanism, its characterized in that:
the sitting and lying part mechanism comprises a seat plate frame (1), a back rest frame (2) and a pedal plate frame (3), wherein the seat plate frame (1) is arranged on a support frame (4) of a base plate frame (5), the middle lower part of the back rest frame (2) is hinged at the rear end of the seat plate frame (1), the vertical section of the L-shaped pedal plate frame (3) is hinged at the front end of the seat plate frame (1), a sitting and lying linkage connecting rod (23) parallel to the seat plate frame (1) is hinged between the lower part of the back rest frame (2) and the vertical section of the pedal plate frame (3), and a sitting and lying telescopic motor (6) for driving the back rest frame (2) and the pedal plate frame (3) to convert between a sitting position and a lying position is arranged between the back rest frame (2) and the base plate frame (5);
the back rest frame (2) is internally provided with a left-right turning mechanism, the left-right turning mechanism comprises left-right turning plates (8, 9) which are embedded through left-right staggered saw-tooth end surfaces, the hinge points of the left-right turning plates (8, 9) on the back rest frame (2) are respectively positioned on the right side and the left side of the central line of the back rest frame (2), left-right seat cushion turning plates (10, 11) are arranged in the seat cushion frame (12) corresponding to the left-right turning plates (8, 9), the seat cushion frame (12) is arranged in the seat cushion frame (1) and is hinged with the seat cushion frame (1) through left-right hinges (51, 52) at the front end, and the hinge points of the left-right seat cushion turning plates (10, 11) on the seat cushion frame (12) are respectively aligned with the hinge points of the left-right turning plates (8, 9);
a turning-over telescopic motor (24) which is horizontally arranged is arranged below the backrest frame (2), the left and right turning-over plates (8, 9) are respectively pulled by left and right pulling ropes (25, 26) through left and right telescopic rods of the turning-over telescopic motor (24), and the corresponding turning-over plates are respectively driven to turn over by the left and right pulling ropes through the extended or contracted telescopic rods;
the left and right turning plates (8, 9) are respectively provided with left and right support rods (21, 22) for driving the left and right seat cushion turning plates (10, 11) to be linked, and the left and right support rods (21, 22) are separated from the left and right seat cushion turning plates (10, 11) in the sitting position;
the seat cushion comprises a seat cushion frame (5), and is characterized by further comprising a stand component mechanism, wherein the stand component mechanism comprises left and right crutch supports (14, 13), each crutch support comprises a longitudinal crutch rod and front and rear struts (16, 17) arranged at the bottom of the longitudinal crutch rod, the rear strut (17) is hinged on a seat cushion frame (12), the front strut (16) is hinged on a stand linkage rod (18) parallel to the seat cushion frame (12), the stand linkage rod (18) and the seat cushion frame (12) are respectively hinged on front and rear crutch frames (19, 20) on the base plate frame (5), and a stand motor (15) for driving the left and right crutch supports (14, 13) to ascend and descend is arranged between the seat cushion frame (12) and the base plate frame (5).
2. The multi-functional nursing rehabilitation bed chair of claim 1, wherein: the left and right crutch struts (14, 13) are provided with a standing part auxiliary mechanism, the standing part auxiliary mechanism comprises a front guard bar (27) and a rear guard bar (28) and a left guard bar and a right guard bar (29, 30), the front guard bar and the rear guard bar (27, 28) are arranged on the left and right crutch struts (14, 13) in a front sliding way, and the left guard bar and the right guard bar (29, 30) are arranged on the front guard bar and the rear guard bar (27, 28) in a left sliding way; or the auxiliary mechanism of the standing component comprises a left sliding frame (31) and a right sliding frame (32), the front part and the rear part of the left sliding frame (31) are slidably arranged on a left crutch support (14), the front part and the rear part of the right sliding frame (32) are slidably arranged on a right crutch support (13), the left sliding frame (31) is provided with a left supporting frame (33) which turns outwards to be horizontal to the right, and the right sliding frame (32) is provided with a right supporting frame (34) which turns outwards to be horizontal to the left.
3. The multi-functional nursing rehabilitation bed chair of claim 1, wherein: front and rear rising diagonal braces (46, 47) which are parallel to each other and incline upwards and backwards are respectively arranged below the seat cushion frame (12) and the rising linkage rod (18), a horizontal rising support connecting rod (48) is hinged between the lower ends of the front and rear rising diagonal braces (46, 47), the upper end of the front rising diagonal brace (46) is fixedly connected with the rising linkage rod (18), and the upper end of the rear rising diagonal brace (47) is fixedly connected with the seat cushion frame (12).
4. The multi-functional nursing rehabilitation bed chair of claim 1, wherein: the excrement and urine part mechanism is including locating seat pad frame (12) below and turning up and closing excrement and urine opening pad (36) of excrement and urine opening (35), excrement and urine opening pad (36) are connected through link gear (45) but horizontal migration enclose bucket (37), enclose the lower mouth of bucket (37) and articulate urinal (38), when excrement and urine opening pad (36) is turned down by convenient flexible motor (39) drive and is opened excrement and urine opening (35), link gear (45) drive enclose bucket (37) and remove to excrement and urine opening (35) below.
5. The multi-functional nursing rehabilitation bed chair of claim 4, wherein: a water spray port and a hot air pipe are arranged in the enclosing barrel (37), and a wiping block (40) made of a hairbrush or sponge is arranged on the periphery of the upper port of the enclosing barrel (37).
6. The multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that: the sitting and lying linkage connecting rod (23) is characterized in that front lying and lying inclined supporting rods (41, 42) which are parallel to each other and incline to the front upper side are arranged below the sitting and lying linkage connecting rod (23), a lying supporting connecting rod (43) which is parallel to the sitting and lying linkage connecting rod is arranged below the sitting and lying linkage connecting rod (23), one end of the front lying and lying inclined supporting rod (41) is hinged with the front end of the lying supporting connecting rod (43), the other end of the front lying and lying supporting rod is fixedly connected to the vertical section of the pedal frame (3), and one end of the rear lying and lying inclined supporting rod (42) is hinged with the rear end of the lying supporting connecting rod (43), and the other end of the rear lying inclined supporting rod is fixedly connected with the lower end of the back rest frame (2).
7. The multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that: the upper part of the backrest frame (2) is provided with a hair washing hole (44), and a pillow frame is inserted into the hair washing hole (44).
CN201910166375.8A 2019-03-06 2019-03-06 Multifunctional nursing rehabilitation bed chair Active CN109730848B (en)

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