CN109717058A - A kind of the water-fertilizer integral device and its control system of Sensor Network - Google Patents

A kind of the water-fertilizer integral device and its control system of Sensor Network Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109717058A
CN109717058A CN201910172517.1A CN201910172517A CN109717058A CN 109717058 A CN109717058 A CN 109717058A CN 201910172517 A CN201910172517 A CN 201910172517A CN 109717058 A CN109717058 A CN 109717058A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
liquid manure
fertilizer
blending tank
transmission
sensor
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CN201910172517.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李晓光
李长明
朱娟
肖萍萍
孙沫丽
郭亮
王金莉
凤桐
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Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Changchun Gunaghua University
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Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Changchun Gunaghua University
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Application filed by Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun Gunaghua University filed Critical Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201910172517.1A priority Critical patent/CN109717058A/en
Publication of CN109717058A publication Critical patent/CN109717058A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of water-fertilizer integral devices of Sensor Network, including bottom plate, the top of the bottom plate is connected with blending tank, one end of the blending tank is connected with filler pipe, the top of the blending tank is symmetrically installed with fertilizer addition bucket, structure of the invention is scientific and reasonable, it is safe and convenient to use, it is run by driving motor, drive agitating shaft rotation, to drive stirring rod to rotate, fertilizer and moisture are thoroughly mixed, liquid manure is mixed more uniform, pass through the operation of transmission pump, the liquid manure mixed can be delivered in filtering cabin by delivery pipe, combined filtering net, liquid manure after mixing can be filtered, the impurity of indissoluble can pass through filter screen filtration in liquid manure, filtered impurity can be fallen in blowdown valve, it can be after use, the impurity of filtering is discharged out of blowdown valve, can to mixed liquid manure into Row filtering avoids influencing the sprinkler irrigation in later period containing excessive impurity in liquid manure.

Description

A kind of the water-fertilizer integral device and its control system of Sensor Network
Technical field
The present invention relates to the Integration of Water into Fertilizer field, the water-fertilizer integral device of specially a kind of Sensor Network and its control System.
Background technique
The Integration of Water into Fertilizer refers to the new agricultural technology that irrigation and fertilising combine together, and water-fertilizer integral is by pressure System is dissolved soluble solids or liquid fertilizer by the regulation of fertilizer requirement and feature of soil nutrient content and crop species Solution, by pipe-line system water supply fertilizer, is uniformly accurately delivered to crop root region, passes through controllable tube together with irrigation water Road system water supply, fertilizer make liquid manure Xiang Ronghou, form trickle irrigation, uniform, timing, quantitative, infiltration root of the crop by pipeline and water dropper It is development growth region, so that main root soil is remained loose and suitable water content, while according to different crops Nutrient uptake feature, soil environment and Nutrient Concentration Status, crop different growing stages need water, and regulation of fertilizer requirement situation carries out different growing Demand Design at regular time and quantity moisture, nutrient be supplied directly to crop in proportion;
But existing water-fertilizer integral device and its control system are in use, when moisture and fertilizer mix currently on the market It generally requires and is manually stirred, the mixing efficiency of moisture and fertilizer is lower, is easy to produce the case where fertilizer is not completely dissolved and goes out It is existing, and existing water-fertilizer integral device and its control system be in liquid manure in use, be easy to contain a certain amount of insoluble impurity, Cause liquid manure in sprinkler irrigation, blocks spray bars, cause spray bars to be damaged, influence the use of spray bars.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of technical solution, can effectively solve moisture and fertilizer mixing mentioned above in the background art When generally require and be manually stirred, the mixing efficiency of moisture and fertilizer is lower, is easy to produce the case where fertilizer is not completely dissolved The problem.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of water-fertilizer integral device of Sensor Network, including Bottom plate, the top of the bottom plate are connected with blending tank, and one end of the blending tank is connected with filler pipe, the bottom end four of the bottom plate Angle is equipped with idler wheel, and the top of the blending tank is symmetrically installed with fertilizer addition bucket, and the top of the bottom plate corresponds to fertilizer addition Struggle against and storage silo be installed at a side position, one end insertion of the storage silo is equipped with control switch, the storage silo it is another End offers accommodating groove, and one end of the accommodating groove is rotatably connected to storage cover board, and the bottom end inner wall of the storage silo is equipped with Delivery pump, the top of the delivery pump are connected with passage, and the other end of the storage silo corresponds to accommodating groove lower position company It is connected to irrigation valve;
The top inner wall of the blending tank is connected with liquid manure and mechanism is mixed, and it includes driving that mechanism, which is mixed, in the liquid manure Dynamic motor, stirring rod, cover board, draws handle and transmission pump at agitating shaft;
Driving motor is connected at the top center of the blending tank, the bottom end of the driving motor is connected with agitating shaft, The outer surface of the agitating shaft is uniformly connected with stirring rod, and the top insertion of the blending tank is equipped with cover board, the cover board Top be connected with drawing handle, the bottom end inner wall of the blending tank is connected with transmission pump;
The input terminal of the control switch is electrically connected the output end of alternating current, and the output end of the control switch is electrically connected The input terminal of delivery pump, driving motor and transmission pump.
Preferably, the top insertion of the stirring rod is equipped with fixed link, and the top of the fixed link is equipped with mounting plate, The top of the mounting plate is connected with installing handle, and the bottom end of the mounting plate is connected with cleaning plate, and one end of the cleaning plate is equal It is even to be connected with bristle.
Preferably, fixation hole is offered at the corresponding cleaning plate in the top of the stirring rod and fixed link position.
Preferably, one end of the blending tank is connected with liquid manure filtering cleaning mechanism, and the liquid manure filters cleaning mechanism packet Include filtering cabin, mounting base, delivery pipe, filter screen and blowdown valve;
One end of the blending tank is connected with filtering cabin by delivery pipe, and the bottom end of the filtering cabin is symmetrically installed with installation Seat, is fixed between the filtering cabin and bottom plate by mounting base, is connected between the filtering cabin and storage silo by delivery pipe It connects, the inner wall of the filtering cabin is connected with filter screen, and the bottom end of the filtering cabin is equipped with blowdown valve.
Preferably, one end insertion of the storage silo is equipped with spray line accommodating mechanism, the spray line accommodating mechanism packet It includes spray line storage storehouse, fixed column, plane scroll spring, collect roller, deflector roll, spray line, spray bars and storage seat;
The inside of the storage silo offers spray line storage storehouse, and the bottom end inner wall of the spray line storage storehouse is connected with solid Fixed column, one end of the fixed column are connected with plane scroll spring, and the other end of the plane scroll spring, which is connected with, collects roller, The bottom end inner wall of the spray line storage storehouse corresponding collect is connected with deflector roll at one side position of roller, one end connection for collecting roller There is spray line, the other end of the spray line passes through storage silo and is connected with spray bars, and the bottom end of the spray bars is equipped with storage Seat.
A kind of water-fertilizer integral apparatus control system of Sensor Network, including test side, control terminal, actuating station and transmission end, The test side includes liquid level sensor, liquid manure concentration sensor and level sensor, and the control terminal includes data processor And controller, the actuating station include transmission pump and driving motor, the transmission end includes GPRS data transmitter and server, The liquid level sensor is mounted on the inner wall of storage silo, and the liquid manure concentration sensor is mounted on the inner wall of blending tank, the material Level sensor is mounted on the inner wall of fertilizer addition bucket, and the data processor and GPRS data transmitter are installed in server Wall, the server are mounted on bottom plate top, and the controller is mounted on the end surface of server, the test side connection control End processed, the control terminal connect actuating station, and the control terminal connects transmission end.
According to above-mentioned technical characteristic, the test side includes liquid level sensor, liquid manure concentration sensor and level sensor, The liquid level sensor, which refers to, carries out real-time level sensing to the liquid manure of storage, and drops in the liquid manure liquid level of storage predetermined Behind position, signal is transmitted to data processor, and the liquid manure concentration sensor, which refers to, carries out real-time concentration to the liquid manure of stirring Detection, and it is maintained at the level of setting in the liquid manure concentration of stirring, signal is transmitted to data processor, and the level sensor is Refer to and material-level measure is carried out to the fertilizer in fertilizer adding tube, and after the surplus of fertilizer reaches predetermined position, transmission signal to number According to processor.
According to above-mentioned technical characteristic, the control terminal includes data processor and controller, and the data processor refers to The data-signal of liquid level sensor, liquid manure concentration sensor and level sensor transmission is received, and is handled, by the knot of processing Fruit is transmitted to controller, and the controller refers to the data for receiving data processor transmission, and data based on the received, transmission pair The instruction answered controls corresponding element operation.
According to above-mentioned technical characteristic, the actuating station includes transmission pump and driving motor, and the transmission pump refers to reception control The instruction of device processed will store in moisture conveying to storage silo after mixing evenly, and the driving motor refers to reception control The instruction of device is stirred mixing to the moisture and fertilizer that are added in blending tank.
According to above-mentioned technical characteristic, the transmission end includes GPRS data transmitter and server, and the GPRS data passes Defeated device refers to the instruction for receiving controller transmission, by the detection knot of liquid level sensor, liquid manure concentration sensor and level sensor Fruit carries out real-time Transmission by GPRS technology, and the server refers to according to the received teleinstruction of GPRS data transmitter, and Data are analyzed and processed, by treated, result is transmitted to controller.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention: structure of the invention is scientific and reasonable, safe and convenient to use:
1, it is run by driving motor, agitating shaft can be driven to rotate, so that agitating shaft outer surface be driven uniformly to install Stirring rod rotation, is thoroughly mixed fertilizer and moisture, and can pull after stirring and draw handle, cover board is opened, Intuitively blending tank inside liquid manure can be observed, liquid manure is mixed more uniform.
2, by the operation of transmission pump, the liquid manure mixed can be delivered in filtering cabin by delivery pipe, passes through filtering The filter screen of storehouse inner wall connection, can be filtered the liquid manure after mixing, the impurity of indissoluble can pass through filter screen mistake in liquid manure Filter, filtered impurity can fall in blowdown valve, the impurity of filtering can be discharged out of blowdown valve after use, can Mixed liquid manure is filtered, avoids influencing the sprinkler irrigation in later period containing excessive impurity in liquid manure.
3, by opening irrigation valve, directly the moisture stored in storage silo can be discharged and irrigated, can will be deposited by delivery pump The liquid manure stored in warehouse is delivered in spray line by passage, can be taken out spray bars from the storage seat in accommodating groove, With a variety of irrigation methods, and after pulling out spray bars, spray line can be pulled out out of spray line storage storehouse, thus at a distance into Row sprinkling when spray line pulls out, will drive and collect roller rotation, and plane scroll spring is shunk, and after sprinkling, passes through plane scroll The rebound of spring, drive collect roller and rotate backward, collect to spray line, convenient for collecting after spray line use automatically.
4, cleaning plate is fixedly mounted on stirring rod by first by fixed link, is run, is stirred by driving motor Axis rotation drives the cleaning plate rotation of stirring rod top installation, can be to mixing top tank structure in conjunction with the bristle that cleaning plate one end connects It is scrubbed, mixing top tank structure attachment impurity can be reduced, influence the use of blending tank.
5, real-time level sensing can be carried out to the liquid manure of storage by liquid level sensor, and under the liquid manure liquid level of storage After dropping to predetermined position, transmission signal to data processor can be carried out the liquid manure of stirring by liquid manure concentration sensor real-time Concentration Testing, and be maintained at the level of setting in the liquid manure concentration of stirring, transmit signal to data processor, passed by material position Sensor can carry out material-level measure to the fertilizer in fertilizer adding tube, and after the surplus of fertilizer reaches predetermined position, transmit signal To data processor, data processor can receive the data of liquid level sensor, liquid manure concentration sensor and level sensor transmission, And handled, and the result of processing is transmitted in controller, the data of controller receiving data processor transmission, and according to Received data transmit corresponding instruction, control the respective element operation in actuating station, can be by liquid by GPRS data transmitter The testing result of level sensor, liquid manure concentration sensor and level sensor carries out real-time Transmission, Yong Huke by GPRS technology Real-time perfoming is checked.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing is used to provide further understanding of the present invention, and constitutes part of specification, with reality of the invention It applies example to be used to explain the present invention together, not be construed as limiting the invention.
In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram that mechanism is mixed in liquid manure of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of liquid manure filtering cleaning mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of filter screen and filtering cabin of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of passage and delivery pump of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of spray line accommodating mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of a-quadrant in Fig. 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of data processor of the present invention and GPRS data transmitter;
Fig. 9 is system structure diagram of the invention;
Figure label: 1, bottom plate;2, blending tank;3, filler pipe;4, fertilizer addition bucket;5, idler wheel;6, storage silo;7, it controls Switch;8, accommodating groove;9, cover board is stored;
10, mechanism is mixed in liquid manure;1001, driving motor;1002, agitating shaft;1003, stirring rod;1004, cover board; 1005, handle is drawn;
11, liquid manure filters cleaning mechanism;1101, filtering cabin;1102, mounting base;1103, delivery pipe;1104, filter screen; 1105, blowdown valve;1006, transmission pump;
12, passage;13, delivery pump;
14, spray line accommodating mechanism;1401, spray line storage storehouse;1402, fixed column;1403, plane scroll spring; 1404, roller is collected;1405, deflector roll;1406, spray line;1407, spray bars;1408, seat is stored;
15, irrigation valve;16, mounting plate;17, installing handle;18, plate is cleared up;19, fixed link;20, bristle;21, level sensing Device;22, liquid manure concentration sensor;23, level sensor;24, data processor;25, controller;26, GPRS data transmitter; 27, server.
Specific embodiment
Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, it should be understood that preferred reality described herein Apply example only for the purpose of illustrating and explaining the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment: as shown in figs 1-9, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution, a kind of water-fertilizer integral device of Sensor Network, Including bottom plate 1, the top of bottom plate 1 is connected with blending tank 2, and one end of blending tank 2 is connected with filler pipe 3, the bottom end quadrangle of bottom plate 1 Idler wheel 5 is installed, the top of blending tank 2 is symmetrically installed with fertilizer addition bucket 4, and the top of bottom plate 1 corresponds to 4 sides of fertilizer addition bucket Storage silo 6 is installed, one end insertion of storage silo 6 is equipped with control switch 7, and the other end of storage silo 6 offers receipts at position Receive slot 8, one end of accommodating groove 8 is rotatably connected to storage cover board 9, and the bottom end inner wall of storage silo 6 is equipped with delivery pump 13, delivery pump 13 model QSPB80-12-4, the top of delivery pump 13 are connected with passage 12, and the other end of storage silo 6 corresponds to accommodating groove 8 Lower position is connected with irrigation valve 15;
The top inner wall of blending tank 2 is connected with liquid manure and mechanism 10 is mixed, and it includes driving that mechanism 10, which is mixed, in liquid manure Motor 1001, stirring rod 1003, cover board 1004, is drawn 1005 and transmission pump 1006 agitating shaft 1002;
Driving motor 1001, the model GMP22- of driving motor 1001 are connected at the top center of blending tank 2 TEC2419, the bottom end of driving motor 1001 are connected with agitating shaft 1002, and the outer surface of agitating shaft 1002 is uniformly connected with stirring The top insertion of bar 1003, blending tank 2 is equipped with cover board 1004, and the top of cover board 1004 is connected with drawing 1005, blending tank 2 Bottom end inner wall is connected with transmission pump 1006, the model 50WQP7-15-1.1 of transmission pump 1006;
The input terminal of control switch 7 is electrically connected the output end of alternating current, and the output end of control switch 7 is electrically connected delivery pump 13, the input terminal of driving motor 1001 and transmission pump 1006.
The top insertion of stirring rod 1003 is equipped with fixed link 19, and the top of fixed link 19 is equipped with mounting plate 16, installation The top of plate 16 is connected with installing handle 17, and the bottom end of mounting plate 16 is connected with cleaning plate 18, and one end of cleaning plate 18 uniformly connects There is bristle 20, offers fixation hole at the corresponding cleaning plate 18 in the top of stirring rod 1003 and 19 position of fixed link, be convenient to clean plate Fixation between 18 and fixed link 19 and stirring rod 1003.
One end of blending tank 2 is connected with liquid manure filtering cleaning mechanism 11, and it includes filtering cabin that liquid manure, which filters cleaning mechanism 11, 1101, mounting base 1102, delivery pipe 1103, filter screen 1104 and blowdown valve 1105;
One end of blending tank 2 is connected with filtering cabin 1101 by delivery pipe 1103, and the bottom end of filtering cabin 1101 is symmetrically installed There is mounting base 1102, is fixed between filtering cabin 1101 and bottom plate 1 by mounting base 1102, filtering cabin 1101 and storage silo 6 Between connected by delivery pipe 1103, the inner wall of filtering cabin 1101 is connected with filter screen 1104, the bottom end installation of filtering cabin 1101 There is blowdown valve 1105.
One end insertion of storage silo 6 is equipped with spray line accommodating mechanism 14, and spray line accommodating mechanism 14 is received including spray line Receive storehouse 1401, fixed column 1402, plane scroll spring 1403, collect roller 1404, deflector roll 1405, spray line 1406, spray bars 1407 and storage seat 1408;
The inside of storage silo 6 offers spray line storage storehouse 1401, and the bottom end inner wall of spray line storage storehouse 1401 is connected with Fixed column 1402, one end of fixed column 1402 are connected with plane scroll spring 1403, and the other end of plane scroll spring 1403 connects It is connected to and collects roller 1404, the bottom end inner wall of spray line storage storehouse 1401 corresponding collect is connected with deflector roll at 1,404 1 side position of roller 1405, the one end for collecting roller 1404 is connected with spray line 1406, and the other end of spray line 1406 passes through storage silo 6 and is connected with sprinkling Bar 1407, the bottom end of spray bars 1407 are equipped with storage seat 1408.
A kind of water-fertilizer integral apparatus control system of Sensor Network, including test side, control terminal, actuating station and transmission end, Test side includes liquid level sensor 21, liquid manure concentration sensor 22 and level sensor 23, and control terminal includes data processor 24 With controller 25, actuating station includes transmission pump 1006 and driving motor 1001, and transmission end includes 26 kimonos of GPRS data transmitter Business device 27, liquid level sensor 21 are mounted on the inner wall of storage silo 6, and liquid manure concentration sensor 22 is mounted on the inner wall of blending tank 2, material Level sensor 23 is mounted on the inner wall of fertilizer addition bucket 4, and data processor 24 and GPRS data transmitter 26 are installed in service 27 inner wall of device, server 27 are mounted on 1 top of bottom plate, and controller 25 is mounted on the end surface of server 27, test side connection Control terminal, control terminal connect actuating station, and control terminal connects transmission end.
According to above-mentioned technical characteristic, test side includes liquid level sensor 21, liquid manure concentration sensor 22 and level sensor 23, liquid level sensor 21, which refers to, carries out real-time level sensing to the liquid manure of storage, and drops in the liquid manure liquid level of storage pre- Positioning postpones, and transmits signal to data processor 24, liquid manure concentration sensor 22 refers to that the liquid manure progress to stirring is dense in real time Degree detection, and the level of setting, transmission signal to data processor 24, level sensor 23 are maintained in the liquid manure concentration of stirring Refer to and material-level measure is carried out to the fertilizer in fertilizer adding tube, and after the surplus of fertilizer reaches predetermined position, transmission signal is extremely Data processor 24.
According to above-mentioned technical characteristic, control terminal includes data processor 24 and controller 25, and data processor 24, which refers to, to be connect The data-signal that liquid level sensor 21, liquid manure concentration sensor 22 and level sensor 23 transmit is received, and is handled, will be handled Result be transmitted to controller 25, controller 25, which refers to, receives the data that data processor 24 transmits, and data based on the received, It transmits corresponding instruction and controls corresponding element operation.
According to above-mentioned technical characteristic, actuating station includes transmission pump 1006 and driving motor 1001, and transmission pump 1006, which refers to, to be connect The instruction of admission controller 25 will store in moisture conveying after mixing evenly to storage silo 6, and driving motor 1001, which refers to, to be connect The instruction of admission controller (25) is stirred mixing to the moisture and fertilizer that are added in blending tank 2.
According to above-mentioned technical characteristic, transmission end includes GPRS data transmitter 26 and server 27, GPRS data transmitter 26 refer to the instruction for receiving the transmission of controller 25, by liquid level sensor 21, liquid manure concentration sensor 22 and level sensor 23 Testing result carries out real-time Transmission by GPRS technology, and server 27 refers to according to the received long-range finger of GPRS data transmitter 26 It enables, and data is analyzed and processed, result is transmitted to controller 25 by treated.
The working principle of the invention and process for using: the water-fertilizer integral apparatus control system of the Sensor Network is in use, logical Real-time level sensing can be carried out to the liquid manure of storage by crossing liquid level sensor 21, and drop to pre-determined bit in the liquid manure liquid level of storage It postpones, transmission signal to data processor 24, real-time concentration can be carried out to the liquid manure of stirring by liquid manure concentration sensor 22 Detection, and it is maintained at the level of setting in the liquid manure concentration of stirring, signal is transmitted to data processor 24, passes through level sensor 23 can carry out material-level measure to the fertilizer in fertilizer adding tube, and after the surplus of fertilizer reaches predetermined position, transmission signal is extremely Data processor 24, data processor 24 can receive liquid level sensor 21, liquid manure concentration sensor 22 and level sensor 23 and pass Defeated data, and handled, and the result of processing is transmitted in controller 25, controller 25 receives data processor 24 and passes Defeated data, and data based on the received transmit corresponding instruction, control the respective element operation in actuating station, pass through GPRS The testing result of liquid level sensor 21, liquid manure concentration sensor 22 and level sensor 23 can be passed through GPRS by data link 26 Technology carry out real-time Transmission, user can real-time perfoming check;
The water-fertilizer integral device of the Sensor Network in use, need to fertilizer to be used be added in fertilizer addition bucket 4, moisture It is added in filler pipe 3, after a certain amount of fertilizer and moisture are added in blending tank 2, driving motor is controlled by control switch 7 1001 operations, can drive agitating shaft 1002 to rotate, thus the stirring rod 1003 for driving 1002 outer surface of agitating shaft uniformly to install Rotation, is thoroughly mixed fertilizer and moisture, and can pull and draw 1005, cover board 1004 is turned over after stirring It opens, intuitively 2 inside liquid manure of blending tank can be observed, liquid manure is mixed more uniform;
Then pass through the operation of transmission pump 1006, the liquid manure mixed can be delivered to filtering cabin by delivery pipe 1103 In 1101, the filter screen 1104 connected by 1101 inner wall of filtering cabin can be filtered the liquid manure after mixing, difficult in liquid manure Molten impurity can be filtered by filter screen 1104, and filtered impurity can be fallen in blowdown valve 1105, can after use, The impurity of filtering is discharged out of blowdown valve 1105, mixed liquid manure can be filtered, avoids containing excessively in liquid manure Impurity influences the sprinkler irrigation in later period;
Filtered liquid manure can be delivered in storage silo 6 by delivery pipe 1103 and be stored, by opening irrigation valve 15, Directly the moisture stored in storage silo 6 can be discharged and be irrigated, it can be by the liquid manure stored in storage silo 6 by leading by delivery pump 13 Expects pipe 12 is delivered in spray line 1406, can take out spray bars 1407 from the storage seat 1408 in accommodating groove 8, is had a variety of Irrigation method, and after pull-out spray bars 1407, spray line 1406 can be pulled out out of spray line storage storehouse 1401, thus to long distance From being sprayed, when spray line 1406 pulls out, it will drive and collect the rotation of roller 1404, plane scroll spring 1403 is shunk, sprinkling knot Shu Hou, by the rebound of plane scroll spring 1403, drive collects roller 1404 and rotates backward, collects to spray line 1406, Convenient for collecting after 1406 use of spray line automatically;
After 2 use of blending tank, cover board 1004 can be opened, cleaning plate 18 is fixedly mounted on stirring by fixed link 19 It on bar 1003, is run by driving motor 1001, agitating shaft 1002 rotates, and drives the cleaning plate 18 of 1003 top of stirring rod installation Rotation can scrub 2 inner wall of blending tank, it is attached can to reduce 2 inner wall of blending tank in conjunction with the bristle 20 that cleaning 18 one end of plate connects Impurity, influence the use of blending tank 2.
Finally, it should be noted that being not intended to restrict the invention the foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the invention, to the greatest extent Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments for pipe, for those skilled in the art, still can be with It modifies the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features.It is all Within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in guarantor of the invention Within the scope of shield.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of water-fertilizer integral device of Sensor Network, including bottom plate (1), it is characterised in that: the top of the bottom plate (1) connects Have blending tank (2), one end of the blending tank (2) is connected with filler pipe (3), and the bottom end quadrangle of the bottom plate (1) is equipped with rolling It takes turns (5), the top of the blending tank (2) is symmetrically installed with fertilizer addition bucket (4), and the top of the bottom plate (1) corresponds to fertilizer and adds Add and be equipped with storage silo (6) at (4) one side position of bucket, one end insertion of the storage silo (6) is equipped with control switch (7), institute The other end for stating storage silo (6) offers accommodating groove (8), and one end of the accommodating groove (8) is rotatably connected to storage cover board (9), The bottom end inner wall of the storage silo (6) is equipped with delivery pump (13), and the top of the delivery pump (13) is connected with passage (12), The other end of the storage silo (6) corresponds to accommodating groove (8) lower position and is connected with irrigation valve (15);
The top inner wall of the blending tank (2) is connected with liquid manure and mechanism (10) is mixed, and mechanism is mixed in the liquid manure (10) include driving motor (1001), agitating shaft (1002), stirring rod (1003), cover board (1004), draw (1005) and transmission It pumps (1006);
It is connected with driving motor (1001) at the top center of the blending tank (2), the bottom end of the driving motor (1001) connects It is connected to agitating shaft (1002), the outer surface of the agitating shaft (1002) is uniformly connected with stirring rod (1003), the blending tank (2) top insertion is equipped with cover board (1004), and the top of the cover board (1004) is connected with drawing (1005), the blending tank (2) bottom end inner wall is connected with transmission pump (1006);
The input terminal of the control switch (7) is electrically connected the output end of alternating current, and the output end of the control switch (7) electrically connects Connect the input terminal of delivery pump (13), driving motor (1001) and transmission pump (1006).
2. a kind of water-fertilizer integral device of Sensor Network according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the stirring rod (1003) top insertion is equipped with fixed link (19), and the top of the fixed link (19) is equipped with mounting plate (16), the peace The top of loading board (16) is connected with installing handle (17), and the bottom end of the mounting plate (16) is connected with cleaning plate (18), the cleaning One end of plate (18) is uniformly connected with bristle (20).
3. a kind of water-fertilizer integral device of Sensor Network according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the stirring rod (1003) top offers fixation hole at corresponding cleaning plate (18) and fixed link (19) position.
4. a kind of water-fertilizer integral device of Sensor Network according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the blending tank (2) One end be connected with liquid manure filtering cleaning mechanism (11), liquid manure filtering cleaning mechanism (11) includes filtering cabin (1101), peace Fill seat (1102), delivery pipe (1103), filter screen (1104) and blowdown valve (1105);
One end of the blending tank (2) is connected with filtering cabin (1101) by delivery pipe (1103), the filtering cabin (1101) Bottom end is symmetrically installed with mounting base (1102), is carried out between the filtering cabin (1101) and bottom plate (1) by mounting base (1102) It is fixed, pass through delivery pipe (1103) between the filtering cabin (1101) and storage silo (6) and connect, the filtering cabin (1101) it is interior Wall is connected with filter screen (1104), and the bottom end of the filtering cabin (1101) is equipped with blowdown valve (1105).
5. a kind of water-fertilizer integral device of Sensor Network according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the storage silo (6) One end insertion be equipped with spray line accommodating mechanism (14), the spray line accommodating mechanism (14) includes spray line storage storehouse (1401), fixed column (1402), plane scroll spring (1403), collect roller (1404), deflector roll (1405), spray line (1406), Spray bars (1407) and storage seat (1408);
The inside of the storage silo (6) offers spray line storage storehouse (1401), the bottom end of the spray line storage storehouse (1401) Inner wall is connected with fixed column (1402), and one end of the fixed column (1402) is connected with plane scroll spring (1403), described flat The other end of face scroll spring (1403), which is connected with, to be collected roller (1404), the bottom end inner wall pair of the spray line storage storehouse (1401) It should collect and be connected with deflector roll (1405) at (1404) one side position of roller, described one end for collecting roller (1404) is connected with spray line (1406), the other end of the spray line (1406) passes through storage silo (6) and is connected with spray bars (1407), the spray bars (1407) bottom end is equipped with storage seat (1408).
6. a kind of water-fertilizer integral apparatus control system of Sensor Network, which is characterized in that including test side, control terminal, actuating station And transmission end, the test side include liquid level sensor (21), liquid manure concentration sensor (22) and level sensor (23), it is described Control terminal includes data processor (24) and controller (25), and the actuating station includes transmission pump (1006) and driving motor (1001), the transmission end includes GPRS data transmitter (26) and server (27), and the liquid level sensor (21) is mounted on The inner wall of storage silo (6), the liquid manure concentration sensor (22) are mounted on the inner wall of blending tank (2), the level sensor (23) it is mounted on the inner wall of fertilizer addition bucket (4), the data processor (24) and GPRS data transmitter (26) are installed in Server (27) inner wall, the server (27) are mounted on bottom plate (1) top, and the controller (25) is mounted on server (27) End surface, the test side connects control terminal, and the control terminal connects actuating station, and the control terminal connects transmission end.
7. a kind of water-fertilizer integral apparatus control system of Sensor Network according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the inspection Surveying end includes liquid level sensor (21), liquid manure concentration sensor (22) and level sensor (23), the liquid level sensor (21) Refer to and real-time level sensing is carried out to the liquid manure of storage, and after the liquid manure liquid level of storage drops to predetermined position, transmission letter Number to data processor (24), the liquid manure concentration sensor (22), which refers to, carries out real-time Concentration Testing to the liquid manure of stirring, And the level of setting, transmission signal to data processor (24), the level sensor are maintained in the liquid manure concentration of stirring (23) refer to and material-level measure is carried out to the fertilizer in fertilizer adding tube, and after the surplus of fertilizer reaches predetermined position, transmission letter Number to data processor (24).
8. a kind of water-fertilizer integral apparatus control system of Sensor Network according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the control End processed includes data processor (24) and controller (25), the data processor (24) refer to receive liquid level sensor (21), The data-signal of liquid manure concentration sensor (22) and level sensor (23) transmission, and handled, the result of processing is transmitted To controller (25), the controller (25) refers to the data for receiving data processor (24) transmission, and data based on the received, It transmits corresponding instruction and controls corresponding element operation.
9. a kind of water-fertilizer integral apparatus control system of Sensor Network according to claim 6, which is characterized in that described to hold Row end includes transmission pump (1006) and driving motor (1001), and the transmission pump (1006) refers to the finger for receiving controller (25) It enables, will be stored in moisture conveying after mixing evenly to storage silo (6), the driving motor (1001) refers to reception control The instruction of device (25) is stirred mixing to the moisture and fertilizer that are added in blending tank (2).
10. a kind of water-fertilizer integral apparatus control system of Sensor Network according to claim 6, which is characterized in that described Transmission end includes GPRS data transmitter (26) and server (27), and the GPRS data transmitter (26) refers to reception controller (25) instruction transmitted, by the testing result of liquid level sensor (21), liquid manure concentration sensor (22) and level sensor (23) Real-time Transmission is carried out by GPRS technology, the server (27) refers to according to the received long-range finger of GPRS data transmitter (26) It enables, and data is analyzed and processed, result is transmitted to controller (25) by treated.
CN201910172517.1A 2019-03-07 2019-03-07 A kind of the water-fertilizer integral device and its control system of Sensor Network Pending CN109717058A (en)

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