CN109706875B - Fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine - Google Patents

Fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109706875B
CN109706875B CN201811591094.9A CN201811591094A CN109706875B CN 109706875 B CN109706875 B CN 109706875B CN 201811591094 A CN201811591094 A CN 201811591094A CN 109706875 B CN109706875 B CN 109706875B
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crushing
rotating shaft
cleaning
filter
fallen leaves
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CN109706875A (en
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翟育涔
李文
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Northeast Forestry University
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翟育涔
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Abstract

The invention relates to the field of street cleaning, in particular to a fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine which comprises a vehicle body, a cleaning device, a filtering device, a filter residue collecting device, a smashing device, a spraying device and a briquetting device, wherein the cleaning device is arranged on the vehicle body; the crushing device is obliquely arranged in the vehicle body, the feeding side is higher than the discharging side, the crushing device comprises a crushing outer cylinder, a crushing inner cylinder and a crushing rotating shaft, and the filtering device comprises a filter cartridge, a spiral rotating shaft and a driving device; the crushing device comprises a crushing outer cylinder, a crushing inner cylinder and a crushing rotating shaft; the fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine solves the problems that a conventional fallen leaf cleaning machine is easily blocked by foreign matters or hard foreign matters are damaged, fallen leaves are large in size and loose and are not easy to collect, store and transport, and has the advantages of being good in smashing effect, high in working efficiency, energy-saving, environment-friendly, sustainable in development and the like.

Description

Fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of street cleaning, in particular to a fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine.
Background
In a lot of streets, park, residential quarter, one to autumn, fallen leaves wither, give the line and beautifully all cause a lot of influences, it is loaded down with trivial details to collect the fallen leaves process, and fallen leaves are bulky, it is all inconvenient to collect to store, organic matter such as fallen leaves is fine fertilizer after fermentation treatment, give the very big nutrition supply of trees, consequently, collect the retreatment fermentation with fallen leaves, be fine waste utilization, on the basis of this problem, this application has designed a fallen leaves and has cleaned crushing compaction all-in-one, replace artifical the cleaning and collect the fallen leaves, and when collecting and cleaning, smash the fallen leaves, further compaction, so that subsequent collection and processing.
The existing invention and creation have many fallen leaves collecting devices, for example, the patent with application number CN201320878885.6 entitled "a fallen leaves sweeper", this patent relates to a fallen leaves sweeper, which includes a fallen leaves collecting mechanism, a fallen leaves collecting box and a fan sucking the fallen leaves collected by the fallen leaves collecting mechanism into the fallen leaves collecting box, a fallen leaves mincing machine for comminuting the fallen leaves is connected below the fallen leaves collecting box, the fallen leaves collected by the fallen leaves sweeper are minced by the fallen leaves mincing machine, and occupy a small space, so that the sweeper can sweep more fallen leaves each time; however, the transmission process of the fallen leaf sweeper is complex, if some gravels or other sharp objects are sucked, the devices inside are easily damaged, the complex internal operation mechanism is complex to overhaul, and great operation hidden trouble exists.
The patent application with the application number of CN201510273394.2 and the name of 'fallen leaf cleaning equipment which integrates automatic cleaning, crushing and extrusion forming and can be matched with a motor vehicle' relates to fallen leaf cleaning equipment which integrates cleaning, crushing, bonding and extrusion forming and can be matched with the motor vehicle (tractor), a gasoline engine and the like. The method is characterized in that the collection, crushing, bonding extrusion forming integrated operation of fallen leaves is completed by combining a sweeping roller and a conveying belt, the conveying belt and a crushing bin, and the crushing bin and a bonding extrusion forming device. The technical scheme comprises an inward cleaning roller, an ascending roller, a scraper conveyor belt, a crushing bin, a bonding extrusion forming part and the like. The inner cleaning sweeping rollers collect the fallen leaves in front of the device and on two sides to the middle position of the two sweeping rollers, the fallen leaves are tangentially connected with the scraper conveyer belt through the ascending sweeping rollers and conveyed to the crushing bin, and the fallen leaves, crushed slag and the adhesive are mixed and then enter the adhesion extrusion molding part to be compressed into blocks. The conveying mode of this patent is not suitable for using in bad weather, and more easily conveys the stone or other hard objects to the inside, causes the hindrance for the operation of equipment in the back to it is unfavorable for later stage leaf fermentation, is unfavorable for the environmental protection to add the adhesive.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly aims to provide a fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine, which solves the problems that in the prior art, a fallen leaf cleaning machine is easily blocked by foreign matters or operation equipment is damaged by hard foreign matters, the fallen leaves are large in size, difficult to collect, store and transport and low in utilization rate of the fallen leaves.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
an integrated machine for cleaning, crushing and compacting fallen leaves comprises a vehicle body, a cleaning device, a filtering device, a filter residue collecting device, a crushing device, a spraying device and a briquetting device;
the filtering device comprises a filter cartridge, a spiral rotating shaft and a driving device, wherein the spiral rotating shaft is arranged in the filter cartridge, and one end of the spiral rotating shaft is connected with the driving device; the filter cartridge is transversely fixed in the vehicle body, the front end surface of the filter cartridge is connected with an intake pipe of the cleaning device, the side wall of the filter cartridge is provided with a filter hole, one end of the side wall is provided with a discharge hole, and the filter hole and the discharge hole face downwards;
the discharge port of the filtering device is connected with the conveying pipe, and the other end of the conveying pipe is connected with the crushing device;
the crushing device is obliquely arranged in the vehicle body, the feeding side is higher than the discharging side, the crushing device comprises a crushing outer cylinder, a crushing inner cylinder and a crushing rotating shaft, and the feeding side of the crushing outer cylinder is butted with the conveying pipe; the wall of the upper end of the crushing outer barrel is provided with a strip-shaped opening, a watering device is arranged at the opening, and the discharging side of the crushing outer barrel is provided with a crushing outlet; the crushing outlet is externally connected with a material guide plate; the wall of the crushing inner barrel consists of a reticular grid, a hollow rotating shaft is arranged on the end face of the crushing inner barrel, penetrates through the hollow rotating shaft and is arranged in the crushing inner barrel, crushing cutter teeth are arranged on the crushing rotating shaft, and the hollow rotating shaft and the crushing rotating shaft are respectively externally connected with a driving device to drive the crushing inner barrel and the crushing rotating shaft to rotate;
the spraying device comprises a water storage tank, a spraying pipe and a water delivery pipe, wherein the water storage tank is positioned at the top of the vehicle body and is communicated with the spraying pipe through the water delivery pipe;
the briquetting device comprises a hydraulic cylinder, a compression box, a telescopic rod and a pressing plate; the side of the compression box is provided with a feed inlet, the feed inlet is butted with the material guide plate, and the position of the feed inlet is lower than the crushing outlet.
Further, the clamp plate divide into about two, all vertically articulated with the telescopic link, is connected with the spring between clamp plate and the telescopic link, and the top of stretching compression case inner chamber is fixed with two spacing posts, and the distance between spacing post and the telescopic link is greater than half of clamp plate width.
Furthermore, the filter residue collection device is further included, the filter residue collection device is fixed at the lower end of the filter device, the shape of the filter residue collection device is matched with that of the filter device, and filter residues filtered out from the filter holes fall into the filter residue collection device.
Furthermore, the front end of the suction pipe of the cleaning device is provided with a bell mouth.
Furthermore, one side wall of the compression box is a movable plate, and a slide way matched with the movable plate is arranged in the compression box.
Furthermore, the water storage tank is filled with fermentation liquor.
Furthermore, a limiting plate is fixed on the telescopic rod, and the telescopic rod penetrates through the limiting plate to be connected with the pressing plate.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) the fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine is provided with the filtering device, foreign matters such as stones and the like mixed in collected fallen leaves are screened out, and hard foreign matters are prevented from entering later-stage equipment and damaging the equipment;
(2) the crushing device arranged on the fallen leaf cleaning, crushing and compacting integrated machine is provided with the crushing inner cylinder and the crushing outer cylinder, the cylinder wall of the crushing inner cylinder is a mesh grid, the crushing shaft and the crushing inner cylinder rotate reversely, fallen leaves can be crushed more thoroughly, fermentation liquor is sprayed while crushing, subsequent fallen leaf fermentation is accelerated, later-stage compaction is facilitated, the crushed fallen leaves can fall off from the grid to the crushing outer cylinder, all the crushed fallen leaves are more thorough, the crushing effect is better, and the efficiency is higher;
(3) this fallen leaf cleans and smashes compaction all-in-one is provided with compaction device, and compaction device can press into the cubic with the fallen leaf after smashing, and the transportation and the processing of being convenient for, limiting plate and the spacing post that set up on the compaction device can form the difference in height at the in-process that the clamp plate lifted for the fallen leaf on the clamp plate is smashed and is dropped.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the filter arrangement;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a spiral shaft structure;
FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the reducing apparatus;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a compaction apparatus;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing a raised state of the pressing plate and a structure of the movable plate;
wherein the figures include the following reference numerals: 1. a vehicle body; 2. a cleaning device; 3. a filtration device; 31. a filter cartridge; 32. a filtration pore; 33. a helical shaft; 34. a discharge port; 4. a residue collection device; 5. a delivery pipe; 6. a crushing device; 61. crushing the outer barrel; 611. opening the gap; 612. a crushing outlet; 62. crushing the inner cylinder; 621. a hollow rotating shaft; 63. a pulverizing rotor shaft; 631. crushing cutter teeth; 7. a material guide plate; 8. a briquetting device; 81. a hydraulic cylinder; 82. a compression box; 83. a feed inlet; 84. a limiting column; 85. pressing a plate; 86. a spring; 87. a limiting plate; 88. a telescopic rod; 89. a movable plate.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
As shown in fig. 1-6, the fallen leaf cleaning, crushing and compacting integrated machine comprises a vehicle body 1, a cleaning device 2, a filtering device 3, a filter residue collecting device 4, a crushing device 6, a spraying device and a briquetting device 8;
the cleaning device is internally provided with a fan, the fan rotates to form negative pressure to suck the fallen leaves into the filter cavity from the suction pipe, and the inlet of the suction pipe is in a horn shape, so that the adsorption area can be increased.
The filtering device comprises a filter cartridge 31, a spiral rotating shaft 33 and a driving device, wherein the spiral rotating shaft is arranged in the filter cartridge, and one end of the spiral rotating shaft is connected with the driving device; the filter cartridge is transversely fixed in the vehicle body, the front end surface of the filter cartridge is connected with an intake pipe of the cleaning device, the front end of the intake pipe of the cleaning device is provided with a horn mouth, the side wall of the filter cartridge is provided with a filter hole 32, one end of the side wall is provided with a discharge hole 34, and the filter hole and the discharge hole are downward; the filter residue collecting device is fixed at the lower end of the filtering device, the shape of the filter residue collecting device is matched with that of the filtering device, and filter residues filtered from the filtering holes fall into the filter residue collecting device;
the fallen leaves sucked from the suction inlet enter the filter cylinder, the fallen leaves are driven to advance along the rotation of the filter cylinder along with the rotation of the spiral rotating shaft, filter residues of stones and the like in the rotating process drop, and the filter residues drop into the collecting device from the filter holes at the bottom of the filter cylinder.
The discharge port of the filtering device is connected with the conveying pipe 5, and the other end of the conveying pipe is connected with the crushing device; the filtered fallen leaves enter a crushing device from a conveying pipe for crushing.
The crushing device is obliquely arranged in the vehicle body, the feeding side is higher than the discharging side, the crushing device comprises a crushing outer cylinder 61, a crushing inner cylinder 62 and a crushing rotating shaft 63, and the feeding side of the crushing outer cylinder is in butt joint with the conveying pipe; the wall of the upper end of the crushing outer barrel is provided with a strip-shaped opening 611, the opening is connected with a watering device, and the discharge side of the crushing outer barrel is provided with a crushing outlet 612; the crushing outlet is externally connected with a material guide plate; the wall of the crushing inner barrel consists of a reticular grid, the size of the grid is determined by the crushing degree, a hollow rotating shaft 621 is arranged on the end surface of the crushing inner barrel, the crushing rotating shaft penetrates through the hollow rotating shaft and is arranged in the crushing inner barrel, crushing cutter teeth 631 are arranged on the crushing rotating shaft, and the hollow rotating shaft and the crushing rotating shaft are respectively externally connected with a driving device to drive the crushing inner barrel and the crushing rotating shaft to rotate; the crushing inner cylinder and the crushing rotating shaft are opposite in rotating direction, falling leaves entering the crushing inner cylinder from the conveying pipe move along with the rotation of the crushing inner cylinder, meanwhile, the crushing rotating shaft rotating in the reverse direction crushes the falling leaves, crushed falling leaf fragments fall into the crushing outer cylinder from the crushing inner cylinder and are output from a crushing outlet along the crushing outer cylinder, a spraying device is further mounted at the upper end of the crushing outer cylinder and comprises a water storage tank 11, a sprinkling pipe 9 and a water conveying pipe 10, the water storage tank is located at the top of the vehicle body and is communicated with the sprinkling pipe through the water conveying pipe, and fermentation liquor is contained in the water storage tank; spraying fermentation liquor during the crushing process.
The briquetting device comprises a hydraulic cylinder 81, a compression box 82, an expansion rod 88 and a pressure plate 85; a feed inlet 83 is formed in the side surface of the compression box and is in butt joint with the material guide plate; one side wall of the compression box is a movable plate 89, and a slide way matched with the movable plate is arranged in the compression box; the clamp plate divide into about two, all vertically articulated with the telescopic link, be connected with spring 86 between clamp plate and the telescopic link, be fixed with limiting plate 87 on the telescopic link, the telescopic link passes the limiting plate and is connected with the clamp plate, the top of compression box inner chamber is fixed with two spacing posts 84, distance between spacing post and the telescopic link is greater than half of clamp plate width, at the in-process of compaction, if there is the fallen leaves piece when dropping on the clamp plate, the telescopic link shrink, the clamp plate is to both sides slope under the effect of spacing post, the fallen leaves piece can be followed the clamp plate and dropped.
The use process of the invention is as follows:
when fallen leaves clean smash compaction all-in-one and begin work, cleaning device inhales the cartridge filter with fallen leaves, and the spiral pivot in the cartridge filter rotates, drives fallen leaves and stone and rotates, rotates the in-process, and the stereoplasm residue of stone etc. drops on the section of thick bamboo wall of bottom, drops through filtering the aperture and receive device, and fallen leaves then along with spiral pivot continue forward movement, push out until the discharge gate from the cartridge filter, enter into reducing mechanism through the conveyer pipe.
The crushing inner wall and the crushing rotating shaft in the crushing device are driven by respective driving devices to rotate, the rotating directions are opposite, fallen leaves are crushed into fragments under the action of crushing cutter teeth, the fallen leaves are continuously stirred by the rotation of the crushing inner wall, and then the fallen leaves are more sufficiently crushed, meanwhile, fermentation liquor is sprayed onto the crushed fallen leaves by a spraying device and is sufficiently mixed with the fallen leaves, the crushed fallen leaves fall off grids of the crushing inner wall, the size of the grids determines the final crushed degree of the fallen leaves, and the crushing device is provided with a certain inclination, so the crushed fallen leaves can smoothly fall off from a crushing outlet of a crushing outer barrel and enter a compaction box from the side wall of the compaction box through a guide plate, the pressing plates reciprocate up and down under the action of a hydraulic cylinder, the two pressing plates are hinged with a telescopic rod and can rotate up and down by a certain angle around the telescopic rod, be connected with the spring between clamp plate and the telescopic link, still be fixed with the spacing board on the telescopic link, the top of compaction case is fixed with two spacing posts, when the telescopic link shortens, the clamp plate moves up along with the telescopic link, until the spacing post of contact above the clamp plate, the telescopic link continues the shrink this moment, the clamp plate is along the certain angle of telescopic link upset under the effect of spacing post, at this moment, the fallen leaves that fall on the clamp plate drop, the telescopic link extends once more, under the effect of spring, the clamp plate resets, continue to push down, the repeated leaf compaction that will fall.
When the compacted fallen leaves are accumulated to a certain height, the side plates are removed, the compacted fallen leaves are taken out and cleaned continuously, the compacted fallen leaves occupy a small volume and are easy to collect or transport, and the fermented liquid in the compacted fallen leaves can be directly buried, so that fertilizer or other paths are provided for other crops, and the device is clean and environment-friendly.
Of course, the foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the invention and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the embodiments of the invention. The present invention is not limited to the above examples, and equivalent changes and modifications made by those skilled in the art within the spirit and scope of the present invention should be construed as being included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. A fallen leaf cleaning, crushing and compacting integrated machine comprises a vehicle body (1) and a cleaning device (2), and is characterized by further comprising a filtering device (3), a filter residue collecting device (4), a crushing device (6), a spraying device and a briquetting device (8);
the filtering device comprises a filtering cylinder (31), a spiral rotating shaft (33) and a driving device, wherein the spiral rotating shaft (33) is arranged in the filtering cylinder (31), and one end of the spiral rotating shaft (33) is connected with the driving device; the filter cartridge (31) is transversely fixed in the vehicle body (1), the front end face of the filter cartridge (31) is connected with an intake pipe of the cleaning device (2), the side wall of the filter cartridge (31) is provided with filter holes (32), one end of the side wall is provided with a discharge hole (34), and the filter holes (32) and the discharge hole (34) face downwards;
a discharge port of the filtering device is connected with a conveying pipe (5), and the other end of the conveying pipe (5) is connected with a crushing device (6);
the crushing device (6) is obliquely arranged in the vehicle body (1), the feeding side is higher than the discharging side, the crushing device (6) comprises a crushing outer cylinder (61), a crushing inner cylinder (62) and a crushing rotating shaft (63), and the feeding side of the crushing outer cylinder (61) is butted with the conveying pipe (5); the wall of the upper end of the crushing outer cylinder (61) is provided with a long-strip-shaped opening (611), a watering device is arranged at the opening (611), and the discharge side of the crushing outer cylinder (61) is provided with a crushing outlet (612); the crushing outlet (612) is externally connected with a material guide plate (7); the wall of the crushing inner cylinder (62) is composed of a reticular grid, a hollow rotating shaft (621) is installed on the end face of the crushing inner cylinder (62), the crushing rotating shaft (63) penetrates through the hollow rotating shaft (621) and is installed in the crushing inner cylinder (62), crushing cutter teeth (631) are installed on the crushing rotating shaft (63), and the hollow rotating shaft (621) and the crushing rotating shaft (63) are respectively externally connected with a driving device to drive the crushing inner cylinder (62) and the crushing rotating shaft (63) to rotate;
the spraying device comprises a water storage tank (11), a sprinkling pipe (9) and a water delivery pipe (10), wherein the water storage tank (11) is positioned at the top of the vehicle body (1) and is communicated with the sprinkling pipe (9) through the water delivery pipe (10); the water storage tank (11) is filled with fermentation liquor;
the briquetting device (8) comprises a hydraulic cylinder (81), a compression box (82), an expansion rod (88) and a pressing plate (85); a feed inlet (83) is formed in the side surface of the compression box (82), the feed inlet (83) is in butt joint with the material guide plate (7), and the position of the feed inlet (83) is lower than the crushing outlet (612);
the compression box is characterized in that the compression plate (85) is divided into a left compression plate and a right compression plate which are both longitudinally hinged with the telescopic rod (88), a spring (86) is connected between the compression plate (85) and the telescopic rod (88), two limiting columns (84) are fixed at the top of the inner cavity of the compression box (82), and the distance between the limiting columns (84) and the telescopic rod (88) is greater than half of the width of the compression plate (85); a limiting plate (87) is fixed on the telescopic rod (88), and the telescopic rod (88) penetrates through the limiting plate (87) to be connected with the pressing plate (85);
the filter residue collection device (4) is further included, the filter residue collection device (4) is fixed at the lower end of the filtering device (3), the shape of the filter residue collection device is matched with that of the filtering device (3), and filter residues filtered out from the filtering holes (32) fall into the filter residue collection device (4).
2. An all-in-one machine for cleaning, crushing and compacting fallen leaves as claimed in claim 1, wherein the front end of the suction pipe of the cleaning device (2) is flared.
3. The integrated machine for cleaning, crushing and compacting fallen leaves as claimed in claim 1, wherein one side wall of the compression box (82) is a movable plate (89), and a slide way matched with the movable plate (89) is arranged in the compression box (82).
4. An all-in-one machine for cleaning, crushing and compacting fallen leaves as claimed in claim 1, wherein a plurality of water outlet holes are distributed at the bottom of the sprinkling pipe (9).
CN201811591094.9A 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 Fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine Active CN109706875B (en)

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CN201811591094.9A CN109706875B (en) 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 Fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811591094.9A CN109706875B (en) 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 Fallen leaf cleaning, smashing and compacting integrated machine

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CN109706875B true CN109706875B (en) 2021-01-05

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110523516A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-12-03 塔里木大学 A kind of hand-held fallen leaves collection crushing cuber
CN114589100B (en) * 2022-03-29 2023-04-14 山东华业阳光新能源有限公司 Solar photovoltaic board processing garbage collection device

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4222214A1 (en) * 1992-07-07 1994-01-13 Eggenmueller Alfred Compaction of grass and leaves by sweeper machine - is carried out by rotary press fed by worm which receives sweepings of grass and leaves from rotary brush and claw roller
CN205570482U (en) * 2016-01-14 2016-09-14 郑平燕 Leaf is collected and is smashed briquetting device
CN207331574U (en) * 2017-07-27 2018-05-08 詹绍炬 A kind of gardens leaf collection and treatment device
CN207284296U (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-05-01 陈寿祥 A kind of continuous crushing and processing device of axial-flow type plant straw feedstuff
CN207446950U (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-06-05 重庆博新农业开发有限公司 A kind of afforestation leaf processing unit
CN108033816A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-05-15 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of recycling fertilizer production apparatus of fallen leaves
CN208066703U (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-11-09 东源县板栗发展有限公司 One kind being used in sundries screening plant
CN208266774U (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-12-21 华北电力大学(保定) A kind of fallen leaves collection and treatment device

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Inventor after: Li Wen

Inventor after: Zhai Yucen

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Effective date of registration: 20210326

Address after: 150000 Xiangfang District and 26 Xinglu Road, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province

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Patentee after: Li Wen

Patentee after: Zhai Yucen

Address before: Room 302, unit 2, building 4, Central District, No.39 Yuhan Road, Shizhong District, Jinan City, Shandong Province

Patentee before: Zhai Yucen