CN109601176A - A kind of vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work - Google Patents

A kind of vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109601176A
CN109601176A CN201811324952.3A CN201811324952A CN109601176A CN 109601176 A CN109601176 A CN 109601176A CN 201811324952 A CN201811324952 A CN 201811324952A CN 109601176 A CN109601176 A CN 109601176A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
lifting
rotating cylinder
rotation
work
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Granted
Application number
CN201811324952.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109601176B (en
Inventor
杨自栋
金香
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Zhejiang A&F University ZAFU
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Zhejiang A&F University ZAFU
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Priority to CN201811324952.3A priority Critical patent/CN109601176B/en
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Publication of CN109601176B publication Critical patent/CN109601176B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/022Pots for vertical horticulture
    • A01G9/023Multi-tiered planters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/047Spraying of liquid fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M7/00Special adaptations or arrangements of liquid-spraying apparatus for purposes covered by this subclass
    • A01M7/0025Mechanical sprayers
    • A01M7/0032Pressure sprayers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F11/00Lifting devices specially adapted for particular uses not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses the vertical farms of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind, including pedestal, rotating cylinder, helix planting platform and rotation drive device, helix planting platform, which is fastened, to be connected on the outer wall of rotating cylinder, rotation drive device and rotating cylinder are sequentially connected driving rotation to rotate, and make the received sunlight exposure intensity of crops at helix planting platform different location more evenly;The vertical farm of spiral further includes that base-material cloth spills device, and it includes column, lifting cabin, spray line and lifting drive that base-material cloth, which spills device, and lifting cabin is slidably connected vertically with column, and spray line is equipped with spray head;Lifting drive includes lifting driving motor and elevating drive mechanism, lifting driving motor is by elevating drive mechanism and the transmission connection of lifting cabin to drive lifting cabin elevating movement, operator can carry out sowing the work such as water, pesticide, liquid fertilizer, nutrient matrix, seed on lifting cabin, and play translocation.

Description

A kind of vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting technology fields, and in particular to the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind.
Background technique
With the sharply increasing of population, the quickening of ur- banization speed, other resources such as the taking place frequently of extreme weather, soil it is tight It lacks, can plough and be gradually reduced with cultivated area, a series of novel cultivation environment comes into being under this situation, such as builds in high level Plantation crops, greenhouse etc. are built, but this kind of cultivation environment is fixed, and shining upon is with the time Passage it is changing, crops on skyscraper can not continue to receive solar irradiation or connect at different locations on daytime The light intensity of receipts is different.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide the vertical farms of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind, and crop can be made more equal It is even adequately to receive the irradiation of the sun, and plenty of time energy and labour are saved, improve agricultural operation efficiency.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is as follows: a kind of vertical farm of rotatable spiral with apparatus for work, Including pedestal, rotating cylinder, helix planting platform and rotation drive device, rotating cylinder supports vertically to be set to above pedestal, helix planting platform It is fastened and is connected on the outer wall of rotating cylinder, rotation drive device drives rotating cylinder rotation.
Further, the base upper surface offers accommodation groove, and thrust bearing is provided in accommodation groove, the rotating cylinder Bottom end is plugged in accommodation groove, and upper surface and the rotating cylinder bottom surface of thrust bearing abut against, the lower end surface of thrust bearing and accommodation groove Bottom surface abut against.
Further, fixed column, the center of the central axis of fixed column and the rotating cylinder are fixedly connected on the pedestal Axis is overlapped, and centering member is socketed in fixed column, and the inner wall of centering member and fixed column outer wall abut against, the outer wall of centering member with turn The inner wall of cylinder abuts against.
Further, the centering member is rolling bearing, and inner ring and the fixing axle outer wall of rolling bearing abut against, the axis of rolling The inner wall of the outer ring and rotating cylinder held abuts against.
Further, the rotation drive device is located at the top of the rotating cylinder, and rotation drive device includes rotation driving Motor and rotating actuator, rotary drive motor are fixedly connected with the base, rotary drive mechanism include driving gear and Driven gear, driving gear are engaged with driven gear, the output shaft transmission connection of driving gear and rotary drive motor, driven tooth Wheel is fixedly connected with the rotating cylinder, and the center of rotation axis of driven gear is overlapped with the central axis of rotating cylinder.
Further, the rotating actuator further includes driving pulley and driven pulley, driving pulley and the rotation The output shaft of driving motor is fixedly connected, and driven pulley is fixedly connected with the driving gear, the Pivot axle of driving gear Line is overlapped with the center of rotation axis of driven pulley, is mutually sequentially connected between driving pulley and driven pulley by belt.
Further, the rotation drive device is located at the bottom end of the rotating cylinder, and rotation drive device includes rotation driving Motor and rotating actuator, rotary drive motor are fixedly connected with the fixed column, and rotary drive mechanism includes driving gear And driven gear, driving gear are engaged with driven gear, driving gear is fixedly connected with the output shaft of rotary drive motor, driven Gear is fixedly connected with the rotating cylinder, and the center of rotation axis of driven gear is overlapped with the central axis of rotating cylinder.
Further, the vertical farm of spiral further includes that base-material cloth spills device, base-material cloth spill device include column, lifting cabin, Spray line, lifting drive and circular driving device;Column is vertically arranged, and lifting cabin is slidably connected vertically with column, is sprayed Pipe is fixedly connected with lifting cabin, and spray line is equipped with spray head, and spray head is thrown vertically for liquid to be sprayed at the helix planting platform The inside of shadow region;Lifting drive includes lifting driving motor and elevating drive mechanism;It goes up and down driving motor and stands Column is fixedly connected, and lifting driving motor is by elevating drive mechanism and the transmission connection of lifting cabin, to drive lifting cabin lifting fortune It is dynamic;Around driving device for driving column to move around rotating cylinder.
Further, the lifting driving motor is fixedly connected on the top of the column, the elevating drive mechanism packet Reel and hawser are included, reel is fixedly connected with the output shaft of lifting driving motor, and wherein one end coiling is on reel for hawser, hawser The other end be fixedly connected with the lifting cabin;
Or, the lifting driving motor is fixedly connected with lifting cabin, the output shaft of reel and lifting driving motor is fixed to be connected It connects, wherein on reel, the other end of hawser is fixedly connected one end coiling hawser with the top of the column.
Further, the bottom end of the helix planting platform is fixedly connected with waste liquid collecting box, table on the helix planting platform Face offers planting groove, and planting groove is connected with the inner space of waste liquid collecting box;Recycling is fixedly connected on waste liquid collecting box The inside bottom of waste liquid collecting box is led in pipeline, wherein one end of recovery channel, and the other end of recovery channel leads to the lifting Inside cabin;Lifting is fixedly connected with hydraulic pump inside cabin, and the inlet of hydraulic pump is connect with recovery channel, the liquid outlet of hydraulic pump It is connect with the spray line.
The present invention has the advantage that
1, by crop planting on helix planting platform, rotation drive device drives rotating cylinder and the rotation of helix planting platform, makes The different location of helix planting platform, which circuits sequentially, receives sunlight irradiation, and the received exposure intensity of plant at different location is more equal It is even;
2, the bottom end that accommodation groove can limit rotating cylinder is moved in the horizontal direction, and thrust bearing can reduce between rotating cylinder and pedestal Frictional resistance reduces the resistance being subject to when rotating cylinder rotation, energy consumption needed for reducing driving rotating cylinder rotation;
3, fixed column and centering member can avoid central axis in rotating cylinder rotary course and move in the horizontal direction, rotate rotating cylinder It is more stable;
4, spiral spray system can will sow the medicaments such as water, pesticide, liquid fertilizer, nutrient matrix and be sprayed to helix planting platform On, lifting cabin can transport cargo and people, and convenient for people, seed etc. is sowed in operation on lifting cabin, saves plenty of time energy and labor Power improves agricultural operation efficiency;
5, the liquid such as water, pesticide, liquid fertilizer, nutrient matrix collected downwards along planting groove flow into waste liquid collecting box, liquid The waste liquid stored in recycling bins is sprayed on helix planting platform by press pump again through spray line, is improved the utilization rate of resource, is subtracted Little waste.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram that fixed rod structure is embodied in embodiment 1;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that driving pulley and driven pulley structure are embodied in embodiment 1;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram that rotation drive device structure is embodied in embodiment 2;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram embodied in embodiment 3 around driving device structure;
Fig. 6 is that circular orbit and the schematic diagram around vehicle structure are embodied in embodiment 4.
Wherein, 1, pedestal;2, rotating cylinder;3, helix planting platform;4, rotation drive device;5, base-material cloth spills device;11, it accommodates Slot;12, thrust bearing;13, fixed column;14, rolling bearing;15, circular orbit;31, waste liquid collecting box;32, planting groove;41, Rotary drive motor;42, driving gear;43, driven gear;44, driving pulley;45, driven pulley;51, column;52, it goes up and down Cabin;53, spray line;54, lifting drive;541, reel;542, hawser;543, driving motor is gone up and down;55, around driving dress It sets;551, around driving motor;552, around master gear;553, it surround from gear;554, annular rotary table.
Specific embodiment
The following examples are used to illustrate the present invention, but are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention..
Embodiment 1:
The vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind provided in this embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, include pedestal 1, Rotating cylinder 2, helix planting platform 3 and rotation drive device 4, bearing is set to 1 top of pedestal, 3 spiral of helix planting platform to rotating cylinder 2 vertically It is fastened to shape on the outer wall for being connected to rotating cylinder 2, helix planting platform 3 is used for planting plants, rotation drive device 4 and rotating cylinder 2 Transmission connection circuits sequentially the different location of helix planting platform 3 and receives sunlight irradiation, different positions to drive rotation to rotate Set the received exposure intensity of plant at place more evenly.
In conjunction with Fig. 2,1 upper surface of pedestal offers accommodation groove 11, and thrust bearing 12 is provided in accommodation groove 11, rotating cylinder 2 Bottom end is plugged in accommodation groove 11, and upper surface and 2 bottom surface of rotating cylinder of thrust bearing 12 abut against, the lower end surface of thrust bearing 12 with The bottom surface of accommodation groove 11 abuts against.The bottom end that accommodation groove 11 can limit rotating cylinder 2 is moved in the horizontal direction, and thrust bearing 12 can reduce Frictional resistance between rotating cylinder 2 and pedestal 1, reduces the resistance being subject to when rotating cylinder 2 rotates, and reduction driving rotating cylinder 2 rotates required Energy consumption.
Fixed column 13 is fixedly connected on pedestal 1, the central axis of fixed column 13 is overlapped with the central axis of rotating cylinder 2, Gu Centering member is socketed on fixed column 13, inner wall and 13 outer wall of fixed column of centering member abut against, and the outer wall of centering member is interior with rotating cylinder 2 Wall abuts against.Fixed column 13 and centering member can avoid central axis in 2 rotary course of rotating cylinder and move in the horizontal direction, make rotating cylinder 2 It rotates more stable.
As shown in Fig. 2, centering member is rolling bearing 14, inner ring and the fixing axle outer wall of rolling bearing 14 are abutted against, and are rolled The outer ring of bearing 14 and the inner wall of rotating cylinder 2 abut against, and have been respectively fixedly connected on 2 inner wall of rotating cylinder and at the both ends of rolling bearing 14 Retaining ring (does not mark) in figure, and the outer ring both ends of the surface of retaining ring and rolling bearing 14 are abutted against to limit rolling bearing 14 along rotating cylinder 2 It is axially moved.Rolling bearing 14 has upper end and lower section a pair of and that be located at fixed column 13, and two rolling bearings 14 are distinguished The top and bottom of fixed column 13 are carried out horizontally-supported.
In conjunction with Fig. 3, rotation drive device 4 is located at the top of rotating cylinder 2, and rotation drive device 4 includes rotary drive motor 41 And rotating actuator, rotary drive motor 41 are fixedly connected with pedestal 1, rotary drive mechanism includes driving gear 42 and driven Gear 43, driving gear 42 are engaged with driven gear 43, and driving gear 42 is fixedly connected with the output shaft of rotary drive motor 41, Driven gear 43 is fixedly connected with rotating cylinder 2, and the center of rotation axis of driven gear 43 is overlapped with the central axis of rotating cylinder 2.Rotation Transmission mechanism further includes driving pulley 44 and driven pulley 45, the fixed company of the output shaft of driving pulley 44 and rotary drive motor 41 It connects, driven pulley 45 is fixedly connected with driving gear 42, the center of rotation axis of driving gear 42 and the rotation of driven pulley 45 Central axis is overlapped, and is mutually sequentially connected between driving pulley 44 and driven pulley 45 by belt.41 work of rotary drive motor Driving pulley 44 is driven to rotate when making, driving pulley 44 drives driven pulley 45 to rotate by belt, and driven pulley 45 drives again Driving gear 42 rotates, and driving gear 42 drives driven gear 43 and rotating cylinder 2 to rotate again.The weight of rotating cylinder 2 is bigger, inertia Bigger, driving pulley 44 and driven pulley 45 are driven achievable soft start by belt and (rotating cylinder 2 are driven to revolve to since static During turning, rotating cylinder 2 directlys adopt gear engagement meeting because self inertia effect can not be transitioned into rotary motion from static rapidly The tooth of gear is set to bear load excessive), rotary drive motor 41 can also be controlled by PLC controller and first rotated at a slow speed, drive The rotation speed for stepping up rotary drive motor 41 after 2 rotary motion of rotating cylinder again, equally can achieve the effect of soft start, Soft start is preferably realized using belt wheel transmission mode in the present embodiment.
The vertical farm of spiral further includes that base-material cloth spills device 5, and it includes column 51, lifting cabin 52, sprinkling that base-material cloth, which spills device 5, Pipe 53 and lifting drive 54;Column 51 is vertically arranged and is fixedly connected with ground or pedestal 1, and lifting cabin 52 and column 51 are perpendicular It is directly slidably connected, spray line 53 is fixedly connected with lifting cabin 52, and spray line 53 is horizontally disposed, and spray line 53 is equipped with spray head, spray Inside of the head between 3 vertical projection region of helix planting platform;Lifting drive 54 includes lifting driving motor 543 and rises Transmission mechanism drops, lifting driving motor 543 is fixedly connected with column 51, lifting driving motor 543 by elevating drive mechanism and The transmission connection of lifting cabin 52 is to drive lifting 52 elevating movement of cabin.Go up and down driving motor 543 and rotary drive motor 41 It is controlled by PLC controller, PLC controller can control the rotation speed of rotating cylinder 2 respectively and go up and down the lifting speed in cabin 52, avoid Spray line 53 collides with helix planting platform 3.Lifting is provided with pump (being not drawn into figure) in cabin 52, the liquid out of spray line 53 and pump Mouthful connection, when work, in the inlet upper connector road of pump, it is molten to be inserted into water, pesticide, liquid fertilizer, nutrient matrix etc. for pipeline In liquid, pesticide or liquid fertilizer etc. are pumped into spray line 53 and then sprayed from spray head on the plant being sprinkled upon on helix planting platform 3 by pump. Lifting cabin 52 can be used for transporting cargo (such as seed, fruits and vegetables), specific mode of operation are as follows: by water, pesticide, liquid fertilizer, battalion Feeding matrix, seed etc. sow object and are put into lifting cabin 52, and operator enters lifting cabin 52, and PLC controller, which can be set, to be gone up and down Inside cabin 52, operator controls the rotation of rotating cylinder 2 by PLC controller and goes up and down the lifting in cabin 52, makes to go up and down the movement of cabin 52 It needs to sow the position of seed, pesticide, liquid fertilizer, nutrient matrix or water to helix planting platform 3 and carries out sowing operation;Operation Personnel can be realized by building stair between helix planting platform 3 and lifting cabin 52 in helix planting platform 3 and lifting cabin 52 Between carry out traffic, by the crops gathered on helix planting platform 3 transport to lifting cabin 52 in, be then transported to by transport pod Ground.
Lifting driving motor 543 is fixedly connected on the top of column 51, and elevating drive mechanism includes reel 541 and hawser 542, reel 541 with lifting driving motor 543 output shaft be fixedly connected, hawser 542 wherein one end coiling on reel 541, The other end of hawser 542 is fixedly connected with lifting cabin 52.It, will when the defence line for going up and down driving motor 543 towards winding hawser 542 rotates Lifting cabin 52 is lifted up, and when the direction of lifting driving motor 543 towards expansion hawser 542 rotates, goes up and down cabin 52 in self gravity It is gradually reduced under effect.It may be set to be lifting driving motor 543 to be fixedly connected with lifting cabin 52, reel 541 and lifting are driven The output shaft of dynamic motor 543 is fixedly connected, and wherein one end coiling is on reel 541 for hawser 542, the other end of hawser 542 and vertical The top of column 51 is fixedly connected.
In conjunction with Fig. 1, the bottom end of helix planting platform 3 is fixedly connected with waste liquid collecting box 31, and 3 upper surface of helix planting platform opens up There is planting groove 32, planting groove 32 is connected with the inner space of waste liquid collecting box 31;It is fixedly connected with back on waste liquid collecting box 31 (recovery channel uses hose and length long enough, and lifting cabin 52 not will lead to connecing for recovery channel when rising or falling in closed tube road Mouth disconnects), the inside bottom of waste liquid collecting box 31 is led in wherein one end of recovery channel, and the other end of recovery channel leads to It goes up and down inside cabin 52;When work, the inlet of recovery channel and hydraulic pump is connected, by waste liquid collecting box 31 when hydraulic pump works Interior waste liquid is pumped on the crops that spray line 53 is sprayed to again on helix planting platform 3.
Embodiment 2:
The present embodiment provides the vertical farms of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind, exist with the difference of embodiment 1 In as shown in figure 4, rotation drive device 4 is located at the bottom end of rotating cylinder 2, rotation drive device 4 includes rotary drive motor 41 and rotation Turn transmission mechanism, rotary drive motor 41 is fixedly connected with fixed column 13, and rotary drive mechanism includes driving gear 42 and driven Gear 43, driving gear 42 are engaged with driven gear 43, and the output shaft of driving gear 42 and rotary drive motor 41 is sequentially connected, Driven gear 43 is fixedly connected with rotating cylinder 2, and the center of rotation axis of driven gear 43 is overlapped with the central axis of rotating cylinder 2.
Embodiment 3:
The present embodiment provides the vertical farms of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind, exist with the difference of embodiment 2 In, as shown in figure 5, it further includes surrounding driving device 55 that base-material cloth, which spills device 5, it include around driving motor around driving device 55 551, it around master gear 552, around from gear 553 and annular rotary table 554, is fixedly connected around driving motor 551 with pedestal 1, It is fixedly connected around master gear 552 with the output shaft around driving motor 551, annular rotary table 554 and pedestal 1 horizontally rotate company It connects, rotating cylinder is located at the inside of annular rotary table 554, and column 51 is fixedly connected with annular rotary table 554, surround from gear 553 and annular Turntable 554 is fixedly connected, and circular master gear 552 is meshed with circular from gear 553.Pass through when working around driving motor 551 Annular rotary table 554 is driven to rotate around master gear 552 and around from gear 553, so that column 51 is driven to move around rotating cylinder, ring It can be controlled by PLC controller around driving motor 551, lifting cabin 52 is controlled by PLC controller and goes up and down direction and lifting speed And column 51 is realized around the direction of rotating cylinder rotation and the speed of rotation by water, pesticide, liquid fertilizer, nutrient matrix, seed Deng uniformly sowing on helix planting platform 3.
Embodiment 4:
The present embodiment provides the vertical farms of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind, exist with the difference of embodiment 3 In as shown in fig. 6, being to offer circular orbit 15 on trolley 555, pedestal 1 around driving device 55, rotating cylinder is located at track Inside, circular orbit 15 are groove-like, are travelled in circular orbit 15 around trolley 555, column 51 is fixed with around trolley 555 Connection can drive column 51 to move around rotating cylinder around trolley 555.
Although above having used general explanation and specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail, at this On the basis of invention, it can be made some modifications or improvements, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Therefore, These modifications or improvements without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention are fallen within the scope of the claimed invention.

Claims (10)

1. the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind, it is characterized in that: including pedestal (1), rotating cylinder (2), spiral kind Platform (3) and rotation drive device (4) etc. are planted, bearing is set to above pedestal (1) rotating cylinder (2) vertically, helix planting platform (3) winding It is fixedly connected on the outer wall of rotating cylinder (2), rotation drive device (4) drives rotating cylinder (2) rotation.
2. the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the pedestal (1) upper surface offers accommodation groove (11), is provided with thrust bearing (12) in accommodation groove (11), and the bottom end of the rotating cylinder (2) is inserted It connects in accommodation groove (11), upper surface and rotating cylinder (2) bottom surface of thrust bearing (12) abut against, the lower end surface of thrust bearing (12) It is abutted against with the bottom surface of accommodation groove (11).
3. the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the pedestal (1) it being fixedly connected on fixed column (13), the central axis of fixed column (13) is overlapped with the central axis of the rotating cylinder (2), Gu Centering member is socketed on fixed column (13), inner wall and fixed column (13) outer wall of centering member abut against, the outer wall and rotating cylinder of centering member (2) inner wall abuts against.
4. the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the centering Part is rolling bearing (14), and inner ring and the fixing axle outer wall of rolling bearing (14) abut against, the outer ring of rolling bearing (14) with turn The inner wall of cylinder (2) abuts against.
5. the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind according to claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: The rotation drive device (4) is located at the top of the rotating cylinder (2), and rotation drive device (4) includes rotary drive motor (41) And rotating actuator, rotary drive motor (41) are fixedly connected with the pedestal (1), rotary drive mechanism includes driving gear (42) it is engaged with driven gear (43), driving gear (42) with driven gear (43), driving gear (42) and rotary drive motor (41) output shaft transmission connection, driven gear (43) are fixedly connected with the rotating cylinder (2), the rotation center of driven gear (43) Axis is overlapped with the central axis of rotating cylinder (2).
6. the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the rotation Transmission mechanism further includes driving pulley (44) and driven pulley (45), driving pulley (44) and the rotary drive motor (41) Output shaft is fixedly connected, and driven pulley (45) is fixedly connected with the driving gear (42), the rotation center of driving gear (42) Axis is overlapped with the center of rotation axis of driven pulley (45), passes through belt phase between driving pulley (44) and driven pulley (45) Mutually transmission connection.
7. the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterized in that: described Rotation drive device (4) is located at the bottom end of the rotating cylinder (2), and rotation drive device (4) includes rotary drive motor (41) and rotation Turn transmission mechanism, rotary drive motor (41) is fixedly connected with the fixed column (13), and rotary drive mechanism includes driving gear (42) it is engaged with driven gear (43), driving gear (42) with driven gear (43), driving gear (42) and rotary drive motor (41) output shaft is fixedly connected, and driven gear (43) is fixedly connected with the rotating cylinder (2), the rotation center of driven gear (43) Axis is overlapped with the central axis of rotating cylinder (2).
8. the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: spiral is vertical Farm further includes that base-material cloth is spilt device (5), base-material cloth spill device (5) include column (51), lifting cabin (52), spray line (53), Lifting drive (54) and around driving device (55);Column (51) is vertically arranged, and lifting cabin (52) and column (51) are vertical It is slidably connected, spray line (53) is fixedly connected with lifting cabin (52), and spray line (53) is equipped with spray head, and spray head is for spraying liquid It is sprinkled upon the inside of helix planting platform (3) the vertical projection region;Lifting drive (54) includes lifting driving motor (543) it is fixedly connected with elevating drive mechanism, lifting driving motor (543) with column (51);Lifting driving motor (543) passes through Elevating drive mechanism and lifting cabin (52) transmission connection, to drive lifting cabin (52) elevating movement;Around driving device (55) For driving column (51) to move around rotating cylinder (2).
9. the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the lifting Driving motor (543) is fixedly connected on the top of the column (51), and the elevating drive mechanism includes reel (541) and hawser (542), reel (541) is fixedly connected with the output shaft of lifting driving motor (543), and hawser (542) wherein rolling up by one end coiling On cylinder (541), the other end of hawser (542) is fixedly connected with the lifting cabin (52);
Or, the lifting driving motor (543) is fixedly connected with lifting cabin (52), reel (541) and lifting driving motor (543) Output shaft be fixedly connected, wherein one end coiling is on reel (541) for hawser (542), the other end of hawser (542) and described vertical The top of column (51) is fixedly connected.
10. the vertical farm of the rotatable spiral with apparatus for work of one kind according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the spiral shell The bottom end of rotation plantation platform (3) is fixedly connected with waste liquid collecting box (31), and helix planting platform (3) upper surface offers planting groove (32), planting groove (32) is connected with the inner space of waste liquid collecting box (31);Waste liquid collecting box is fixedly connected with back on (31) The inside bottom of waste liquid collecting box (31) is led in closed tube road, wherein one end of recovery channel, and the other end of recovery channel leads to institute It is internal to state lifting cabin (52);It is fixedly connected with pump inside lifting cabin (52), the inlet of pump is connect with recovery channel, and pump goes out liquid Mouth is connect with the spray line (53).
CN201811324952.3A 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 Rotatable spiral vertical farm with operation device Expired - Fee Related CN109601176B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114642167A (en) * 2022-04-14 2022-06-21 北京金晟达生物电子科技有限公司 Height-adjustable rotating tower for planting pasture
CN115380660A (en) * 2022-09-30 2022-11-25 青岛市农业科学研究院 Kidney bean seed vernalization device
CN115500189A (en) * 2022-11-04 2022-12-23 李强 Novel garden seedling cultivation device and use method

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CN205694539U (en) * 2016-04-18 2016-11-23 云南天竺生物科技有限公司 A kind of high light rate succulent culture apparatus
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CN114642167B (en) * 2022-04-14 2024-01-19 北京金晟达生物电子科技有限公司 Height-adjustable rotary tower for planting pasture
CN115380660A (en) * 2022-09-30 2022-11-25 青岛市农业科学研究院 Kidney bean seed vernalization device
CN115380660B (en) * 2022-09-30 2024-01-09 青岛市农业科学研究院 Kidney bean seed germination accelerating device
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CN115500189B (en) * 2022-11-04 2023-11-14 李强 Novel garden seedling cultivation device and using method

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