CN109555082A - A kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery - Google Patents

A kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109555082A
CN109555082A CN201811171793.8A CN201811171793A CN109555082A CN 109555082 A CN109555082 A CN 109555082A CN 201811171793 A CN201811171793 A CN 201811171793A CN 109555082 A CN109555082 A CN 109555082A
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China
Prior art keywords
slope
river
construction
camber
microfluidic platform
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Pending
Application number
CN201811171793.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李启龙
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Aloyan Environmental Construction (wuxi) Co Ltd
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Aloyan Environmental Construction (wuxi) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811171793.8A priority Critical patent/CN109555082A/en
Publication of CN109555082A publication Critical patent/CN109555082A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • A01G24/15Calcined rock, e.g. perlite, vermiculite or clay aggregates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/28Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing peat, moss or sphagnum
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/30Flood prevention; Flood or storm water management, e.g. using flood barriers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery, comprise the following steps that 1), slope surface is checked and operation of getting rid of the danger, it is found that unstable geologic hidden peril need to be consolidated first;2), the top horizontal of slope surface is uniformly laid with several half camber rigidity microfluidic platforms, and utilizes several half camber rigidity microfluidic platform horizontal segmentation slope surfaces;3), bracketing is consolidated using half camber anchor pole combining wall clamping lock in half camber rigidity microfluidic platform lower part;4) the long fine stick of soft PP polypropylene, is laid in half camber rigidity microfluidic platform inner arc groove, vegetation root system mistake net is improved and interlocks survival rate;5) three-dimensional vegetation body, is paved with micro- half camber rigidity microfluidic platform spacing, and is locked with anchor pole;6), spray seed layer is swept by vehicle-mounted spray seeding car in full slope.The construction method construction time of the invention is short, can be realized quickly beautification surrounding enviroment, improves urban landscape effect, has significant economic benefit and ecological benefits.

Description

A kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Channel slope ecological restoration technical fields, and in particular to a kind of river high gradient slope ecology is multiple Green construction method.
Background technique
River high gradient slope zoology green-recovery engineering is protected river bank to corrode and wash away from water flow, stormy waves and is taken Engineering measure.The processing method for administering the high face Channel slope that rises steeply domestic at present, mainly to starch stripping and slicing stone barricade, gabion, ecology Based on bag pile and stacking are built, these traditional administration structure forms are keeping the stable structure of Channel slope, are preventing water and soil Loss and anti-flood etc. play a role, but the ecology to river, environmental protection, urban landscape etc. do not play Effect, is unable to satisfy again green requirement.
Currently, the most important factor that river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery considers is safety, stability, specific structure shape Formula is mostly: slurry stripping and slicing stone barricade, gabion, ecology bag pile and stacking are built etc., wherein slurry stripping and slicing stone barricade is unable to satisfy ecology Multiple green landscape effect;Gabion, ecology bag pile and stacking, which are built, only limits grade of side slope compared with slow, river is broad, river water unhurried current region It uses, applies at 70 ° or 70 ° or more, phenomena such as slope surface is collapsed, slid easily occurs, it is multiple for river high gradient slope ecology Green effect is not very significant.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome drawbacks described above, the present invention provides a kind of construction methods of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery, it is characterised in that:
It comprises the following steps that
1), check slope surface and got rid of the danger operation, it is found that unstable geologic hidden peril need to be consolidated first, it is ensured that channel revetment basis bottom Layer is firm, ensures the safety of construction in later period working face and long-acting;
2), the top horizontal of slope surface is uniformly laid with several half camber rigidity microfluidic platforms, and utilizes several half camber rigidity microfluidic platforms Horizontal segmentation slope surface improves the anti-current speed scouring capability of slope surface;
3), bracketing is consolidated using half camber anchor pole combining wall clamping lock in half camber rigidity microfluidic platform lower part, guarantees that microfluidic platform does not slide pine Dynamic, flood peak scouring capability is resisted in raising;
4) the long fine stick of soft PP polypropylene, is laid in half camber rigidity microfluidic platform inner arc groove, it is wrong to improve vegetation root system Net survival rate of interlocking;
5) three-dimensional vegetation body, is paved with micro- half camber rigidity microfluidic platform spacing, and is locked with anchor pole, the base for enhancing slope surface is thick Degree improves plant normal growth base substrate, ensures plant normal growth;
6), spray seed layer is swept by vehicle-mounted spray seeding car in full slope, it is ensured that seed fast germination growth improves slope vegetation coverage rate.
As a kind of technical solution of optimization, three-dimensional vegetation body in the half camber rigidity microfluidic platform spacing can basis River normal flow and river peak value are added multi tension torsion net and are fixed.
As a kind of technical solution of optimization, the long fine stick of soft PP polypropylene and the three-dimensional filling lightweight of vegetation body are planted Object growth substrate and seed.
As a kind of technical solution of optimization, the light-weight plant growth substrate includes 30-40 parts of rice husk and peanut shell The second chamber of the precious green element composition of composition, 60-70 parts of perlite, float stone, peat and lightweight, 2-4 parts of compound fertilizer, 1- The water-retaining agent of 2 parts of curing agent and 1-3 part.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: after using above-mentioned construction method, it is right after construction The stability of the original edge slope structure in river will not damage, and by the long fine stick of soft PP polypropylene there is water storage to protect wall can manage Reason, the maintenance costs in later period is lower, while the long fine stick of soft PP polypropylene and the three-dimensional intracorporal seed of vegetation are easy to germinate, and pass through After a period of time, it is capable of forming one of protective barrier, river two sides side slope is avoided to corrode by the immersion of flood season flood peak and water flow.
The construction method construction time of the invention is short, can be realized quickly beautification surrounding enviroment, improves urban landscape effect, With significant economic benefit and ecological benefits.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is enlarged structure schematic diagram at A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is enlarged structure schematic diagram at B in Fig. 2.
Specific embodiment
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, so that advantages and features of the invention energy It is easier to be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, so as to make a clearer definition of the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1-3, a kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery comprising following steps:
1), slope surface 1 checks, gets rid of the danger, it is found that unstable geologic hidden peril need to be consolidated first, it is ensured that channel revetment subfoundation is firm, protects Hinder the safety of construction in later period working face and long-acting.
If 2), half camber rigidity microfluidic platform 2 of the uniform dry laying of 1 top horizontal of slope surface, and utilize several half camber rigidity 2 horizontal segmentation slope surface of microfluidic platform improves the anti-current speed scouring capability of slope surface.
3), half camber rigidity microfluidic platform, 2 lower part guarantees microfluidic platform not using half camber anchor pole, 3 combining wall card 4 locking bracketing Sliding loosens, and flood peak scouring capability is resisted in raising.
4) the long fine stick of soft PP polypropylene, is laid in half camber rigidity microfluidic platform inner arc groove, improves vegetation root System is wrong to net survival rate of interlocking.
5) three-dimensional vegetation body 6, is paved with micro- half camber rigidity microfluidic platform spacing, and is locked with anchor pole 7, the base of slope surface is enhanced Thickness degree improves plant normal growth base substrate, ensures plant normal growth.
6), spray seed layer is swept by vehicle-mounted spray seeding car in full slope, it is ensured that seed fast germination growth improves slope vegetation covering Rate.
Three-dimensional vegetation body 6 in half camber rigidity microfluidic platform, 2 spacing can increase according to river normal flow and river peak value If multi tension torsion net 8 is fixed.By multi tension torsion net, the fixation to vegetation body can be played, flood peak is resisted in enhancing Scouring capability.
The long fine stick 5 of soft PP polypropylene and the filling light-weight plant growth substrate of three-dimensional vegetation body 6 and seed.
Light-weight plant growth substrate include 30-40 parts rice husk and peanut shell composition, 60-70 parts of perlite, float stone, Second chamber, 2-4 parts of compound fertilizer, 1-2 parts of curing agent and 1-3 parts of the water-retaining agent of peat and the precious green element composition of lightweight. Wherein 2-4 parts of compound fertilizer's weight is about 210g, and 1-2 parts of curing agent volume is about 0.6L curing agent, 1-3 parts of water-retaining agent Weight is about 140g.It is abundant using the long fine stick of the soft PP polypropylene of mixture preparation and three-dimensional vegetation body liquid manure nutrition, really Protected mixing material in stick and met plant growth requirement, can quickly planting at green species.
After the present invention uses above-mentioned construction method, the stability of the original edge slope structure in river not will cause brokenly after construction Bad, by the long fine stick of soft PP polypropylene there is water storage to protect wall can manage, and the maintenance costs in later period is lower, while soft PP poly- third The long fine stick of alkene and the three-dimensional intracorporal seed of vegetation are easy to germinate, and after a period of time, are capable of forming one of protective barrier, avoid River two sides side slope is corroded by the immersion of flood season flood peak and water flow.
The construction method construction time of the invention is short, can be realized quickly beautification surrounding enviroment, improves urban landscape effect, With significant economic benefit and ecological benefits.
It is emphasized that: the above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, It is all to utilize equivalent structure or equivalent flow shift made by description of the invention and accompanying drawing content, it is applied directly or indirectly in Other related technical areas are included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery, it is characterised in that:
It comprises the following steps that
1), check slope surface and got rid of the danger operation, it is found that unstable geologic hidden peril need to be consolidated first, it is ensured that channel revetment basis bottom Layer is firm, ensures the safety of construction in later period working face and long-acting;
2), the top horizontal of slope surface is uniformly laid with several half camber rigidity microfluidic platforms, and utilizes several half camber rigidity microfluidic platforms Horizontal segmentation slope surface improves the anti-current speed scouring capability of slope surface;
3), bracketing is consolidated using half camber anchor pole combining wall clamping lock in half camber rigidity microfluidic platform lower part, guarantees that microfluidic platform does not slide pine Dynamic, flood peak scouring capability is resisted in raising;
4) the long fine stick of soft PP polypropylene, is laid in half camber rigidity microfluidic platform inner arc groove, it is wrong to improve vegetation root system Net survival rate of interlocking;
5) three-dimensional vegetation body, is paved with micro- half camber rigidity microfluidic platform spacing, and is locked with anchor pole, the base for enhancing slope surface is thick Degree improves plant normal growth base substrate, ensures plant normal growth;
6), spray seed layer is swept by vehicle-mounted spray seeding car in full slope, it is ensured that seed fast germination growth improves slope vegetation coverage rate.
2. a kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described half Three-dimensional vegetation body in camber rigidity microfluidic platform spacing can add multi tension torsion according to river normal flow and river peak value Power net is fixed.
3. a kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described soft Property the long fine stick of the PP polypropylene and filling light-weight plant growth substrate of three-dimensional vegetation body and seed.
4. a kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described light Matter plant growth medium includes 30-40 parts of rice husk and peanut shell composition, 60-70 parts of perlite, float stone, peat and lightweight Second chamber, 2-4 parts of compound fertilizer, 1-2 parts of curing agent and 1-3 parts of the water-retaining agent of precious green element composition.
CN201811171793.8A 2018-10-09 2018-10-09 A kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery Pending CN109555082A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811171793.8A CN109555082A (en) 2018-10-09 2018-10-09 A kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811171793.8A CN109555082A (en) 2018-10-09 2018-10-09 A kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008022781A (en) * 2006-07-21 2008-02-07 Tankatsu:Kk Method to construct waterfront greening using planting mat and wave preventing sheet
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JP5964367B2 (en) * 2014-07-26 2016-08-03 株式会社丹勝 Tree planting method on retaining wall
CN106638634A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-05-10 杭州江润科技有限公司 Road rock slope vine ecological protection structure and construction method
CN107711170A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-23 西藏俊富环境恢复有限公司 A kind of high gradient slope reinforces afforestation equipment and reinforces greening method with high gradient slope
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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JP2008022781A (en) * 2006-07-21 2008-02-07 Tankatsu:Kk Method to construct waterfront greening using planting mat and wave preventing sheet
CN102535484A (en) * 2011-12-06 2012-07-04 北京北林绿源生态技术研究院有限责任公司 Greening method of cement mortar anchoring and shotcreting side slope
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CN107711170A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-23 西藏俊富环境恢复有限公司 A kind of high gradient slope reinforces afforestation equipment and reinforces greening method with high gradient slope
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