CN106638634A - Road rock slope vine ecological protection structure and construction method - Google Patents

Road rock slope vine ecological protection structure and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106638634A
CN106638634A CN201710071623.1A CN201710071623A CN106638634A CN 106638634 A CN106638634 A CN 106638634A CN 201710071623 A CN201710071623 A CN 201710071623A CN 106638634 A CN106638634 A CN 106638634A
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China
Prior art keywords
domatic
slope
rope
fixed
liana
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CN201710071623.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王新泉
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Hangzhou Jiangrun Technology Co Ltd
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Hangzhou Jiangrun Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710071623.1A priority Critical patent/CN106638634A/en
Publication of CN106638634A publication Critical patent/CN106638634A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • E02D17/202Securing of slopes or inclines with flexible securing means

Abstract

The invention discloses a road rock slope vine ecological protection structure. The road rock slope vine ecological protection structure includes a slope body having a slope surface; an active protection net is fixed on the slope surface; a plurality of planting bars are evenly arranged on the active protection net; and a plurality of planting grooves are evenly arranged on the slope surface. Each planting groove includes a steel reinforced framework and a pre-buried steel plate fixed on the steel reinforced framework; an inclined support and a prefabricated groove plate are fixed on the pre-buried steel plate; the inclined support and the prefabricated groove plate are fixedly connected; an area between the prefabricated groove plate and the slop surface is a planting area; nutriment soil is added in the planting area; and young seedlings are transplanted in the nutriment soil. Concrete is poured in the steel reinforced framework; planting concrete, nutriment substrate and vine are successively paved on the slope surface; the survival rate of the vine is high, and then the greening effect of the rock slope is improved; an energy-saving effect and environment protection can be achieved; engineering protection and ecological protection can be achieved; the influence on the germination rate of plants due to improper use control of cement can be avoided; and soil fixation and retaining can be achieved.

Description

Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure and construction method
Technical field
The invention belongs to highway engineering field, and in particular to Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure and construction Method.
Background technology
With the development of national economy, highway construction plays more and more important effect in national economy.However, due to The high-level requirement of highway high-quality and the particularity built, inevitably cause one to natural environment and ecology Determine the destruction of degree, therefore how to do the restoration of the ecosystem of highway high precipitous rock slope well to become particularly important.
In expressway construction, it is domatic that large-scale excavation defines more exposed cutting, causes former plant ecological The disappearance of environment, cutting Soil Slope structure is destroyed, and available nutrient is poor;Table soil mixes with rubble and matrix, has very To being exactly naked rock;Absorb radiations heat energy fast, top layer day and night temperature is big, physical weathering is serious, moisture evaporation is fast, and precipitation easily forms slope Face diameter stream.In northern area, cut slope is also vulnerable to eolian erosion " carries out cut slope greening work extremely difficult.At present The greening mode of Freeway mainly has grass planting, and three-dimension vegetative net, mortar flag stone, skeleton grass planting protection, tendril is planted Thing protection and GSZ grass planting etc..Single greening plant causes survival rate low, and afforestation effect is poor, and is combined with project Plant protection, construction investment is big, and As time goes on, atmospheric disintegration of rocks, the corrosion of the aging and reinforcing bar of concrete, work Cheng Xiaoguo is also worse and worse.
In consideration of it, needing a kind of easy construction of invention badly at present, highway cutting greening side slope efficiency was not only can guarantee that but also can guarantee that The permanently effective highway high precipitous rock slope of greening plants in advance liana ecological protection construction method.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure and construction method, fully profit With liana survival rate it is high the characteristics of, improve rock side slope afforestation effect, economical environment-protective, by active protecting net with spray mixed planting Raw technology combines and uses, and realizes the double effectses of engineering protection and ecological protection, and mixed grass spraying is optimized, Replace alkaline cement using adhesive, it is to avoid because cement consumption controls the improper impact to plant germination rate, carded sliver work will be planted Skill is incorporated into mixed grass spraying, reaches the purpose of solid soil gear soil, strengthens the stability of domatic growth base material.
It is that, up to above-mentioned purpose, the major technique solution of the present invention is to provide Highway Lithological Slope liana ecology and prevents Protection structure, including being provided with domatic side slope main body, it is domatic on be fixed with active protecting net, active defense is uniformly provided with the net multiple The carded sliver is planted, domatic to be uniformly provided with multiple planting grooves, planting groove includes framework of steel reinforcement and the pre-embedded steel slab being fixed on framework of steel reinforcement, Diagonal brace and prefabricated frid are fixed with pre-embedded steel slab, diagonal brace and prefabricated frid are connected, prefabricated frid and domatic folded area Domain is growing area, and transplanting in Nutrition Soil, Nutrition Soil is filled with growing area seedling, and concrete has been poured on framework of steel reinforcement, domatic On be equipped with concrete for plant growth, nutrient matrix and liana successively from inside to outside.
The framework of steel reinforcement is included by the bolthole for being inserted with anchor pole of certain Density Distribution on domatic, in the space of bolthole Be marked with coagulable slurry, anchor pole is fixed with connection reinforcing bar, anchor pole end casting concrete is formed with anchored end, pre-embedded steel slab with At least two horizontal anchored ends are connected.
The side slope body top is provided with rhone, can be with retaining and draining, and reduction is domatic to wash away, and protects plant.
The active protecting net includes from domatic top down spreading the grid hung, and the width overlapped between grid is not little In 5cm, the domatic supporting rope for being fixed with some crisscross longitudinal directions and some horizontal supporting ropes, crisscross Support rope is used for fixing active protecting net, and ligation is carried out with iron wire between two grids and between grid and supporting rope, works as slope When degree is less than 45 °, being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 2m, when the gradient is more than 45 °, being smaller than between ligation point In 1m.
It is described it is domatic galvanized wire mesh is fixed with by the rivet being embedded in anchored end, on the net spray is provided with battalion to galvanized wire Foster matrix.
The domatic top down is equipped with the support of the steel rope net for fixing active protecting net, steel rope net and its surrounding Rope is connected.
The domatic top is provided with anchor pier and is plugged on the fixed reinforcing bar of side slope body top through anchor pier, fixed reinforcing bar with Active protecting net is connected.
Used as temporary drainage system, side slope bottom part body is connected with gutter to the domatic gutter channel that is provided with, and gutter is another Side is connected with road surface.
The pre-embedded steel slab is by being embedded in consolidating with anchored end with the screw rod and nut that are connected reinforcing bar colligation in anchored end It is fixed.
Present invention also offers highway high precipitous rock slope plants in advance the construction method of liana ecological safeguard structure, specifically Step is as follows:
(1) drainage system construction:Repair domatic step by step with excavator, in strict accordance with design control slope ratio, in side slope main body Top digs rhone, and the domatic gutter channel that digs is used as temporary drainage system;
(2) domatic float stone is cleared up:The domatic loose ground stone of labor cleaning, because side slope is steeper, workmen should wear safety Band, suspension safety rope, cleaning work from top to bottom, the float stone of loosening, surface dust is cleaned out one by one, and slope leveling is made as far as possible, The boulder larger to domatic upper volume is difficult to loosening can be retained, filling-in of trying one's best to deeper cavity, finally will be cleared up Native stone clears out scene;
(3) anchor bolt construction:Multiple boltholes are first drilled with by certain density on domatic, after cleaning bolthole, will make Anchor pole insertion bolthole in, coagulable slurry is marked with the space of bolthole;
(4) active protecting net laying is installed:Hang grid as active protecting net from domatic top down paving, grid it Between the width that overlaps be not less than 5cm, then supporting rope is installed at regular intervals respectively in domatic vertical and horizontal and fixes actively Protection network, ligation is carried out between two grids and between grid and supporting rope with iron wire;
(5) plant the carded sliver to install:Uniformly it is laid on domatic according to certain spacing along the domatic carded sliver of planting from top to bottom, plants The carded sliver is fixed with active protecting net colligation;
(6) base material matter is sprayed:Galvanized wire mesh is laid on side slope surface, and spray sets nutrient matrix, then plants liana and plants Thing;
(7) planting groove construction:Reinforcing bar is fixedly connected on anchor pole, anchor pole end casting concrete forms anchored end, pre-buried Steel plate is connected with least two horizontal anchored ends, fixes diagonal brace and prefabricated frid on pre-embedded steel slab, then fixed diagonal brace and Prefabricated frid makes diagonal brace support the growing area of prefabricated frid and domatic formation V-type, and adhesive is used between pre-embedded steel slab and anchored end Bonding, using adhesive alkaline cement is replaced, it is to avoid because cement consumption controls improper impact to plant germination rate;
(8) seedling cultivation:Nutrition Soil is inserted in growing area, and by the children that the transplanting of certain spacing in the rows is selected in growing area Seedling.
The bolthole is from the horizontal by 45° angle.
Two ends are respectively fixedly connected with 2~4 rope cards with anchor pole after supporting rope tensioning is tight in the step (4), steel rope net and The supporting rope of its surrounding is sutured and pre- tensioning by suture rope, and suture rope two ends are respectively fixedly connected with two rope cards with steel rope net, The suture rope is steel cable, and the supporting rope length needs 2 rope cards, supporting rope that 4 ropes are needed when being more than 30m when being less than 15m Card, supporting rope length needs 3 rope cards between 15m and 30m.
When the gradient is less than 45 ° in the step (4), being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 2m, when the gradient is more than 45 ° When, being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 1m.
It is width about 450mm, thickness about 50mm that installation form pours the groove trammel lattice that build up on framework of steel reinforcement in the step (7), The concrete for pouring is C20.
The pre-embedded steel slab is by being fixed on framework of steel reinforcement with the screw rod and nut that are connected reinforcing bar colligation.
The planting groove uses 1 at 40cm:2 cement mortar are anchored to pre-embedded steel slab and groove beam, make groove beam and rock Face fully seals.
Present invention has the advantages that:(1) the characteristics of making full use of liana survival rate high, improves the greening of rock side slope Effect, natural resources, economical environment-protective.
(2) SNS active protecting nets are used in combination with mixed grass spraying, realizes engineering protection with ecological protection Double effectses.
(3) mixed grass spraying is optimized, replaces alkaline cement using adhesive, it is to avoid because of cement consumption control The improper impact to plant germination rate of system;Carded sliver technique will be planted and be incorporated into mixed grass spraying, reach the purpose of solid soil gear soil, plus The stability of strong domatic growth base material.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure schematic diagram of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the liana construction schematic diagram of Fig. 1 embodiments;
Fig. 3 is the scheme of installation of the active protecting net of Fig. 1 embodiments and galvanized wire mesh;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the planting groove side of Fig. 1 embodiments;
Fig. 5 is the construction flow chart of the Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure of Fig. 1 embodiments;
In figure:1. rhone, 2. side slope main body, 3. fixes reinforcing bar, 4. anchor pier, 5. rivet, 6. anchor pole, 7. nut, 8. plants The carded sliver, 9. galvanized wire mesh, 10. concrete for plant growth, 11. active protecting nets, 12. planting grooves, 13. prefabricated frids, 14. Nutrient mediums Matter, 15. gutter channels, 16. gutters, 17. road surfaces, 18. lianas, 19. connection reinforcing bars, 20. iron wires, 21. diagonal braces, 22. anchors Fixed end, 23. screw rods, 24. pre-embedded steel slabs.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than the embodiment of whole.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained belongs to present invention protection Scope.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure described by the present embodiment, including setting Have a domatic side slope main body 2, it is domatic on be fixed with active protecting net 11, multiple plant carded slivers 8 are uniformly provided with active protecting net 11, Domatic to be uniformly provided with multiple planting grooves 12, planting groove 12 includes framework of steel reinforcement and the pre-embedded steel slab 24 being fixed on framework of steel reinforcement, Diagonal brace 21 and prefabricated frid 13 are fixed with pre-embedded steel slab 24, diagonal brace 21 and prefabricated frid 13 are connected, prefabricated frid 13 with Domatic folded region is growing area, and transplanting in Nutrition Soil (not shown), Nutrition Soil is filled with growing area has seedling (in figure It is not shown), poured concrete on framework of steel reinforcement, it is domatic on be equipped with concrete for plant growth 10, nutrient matrix successively from inside to outside 14 and liana 18.
The framework of steel reinforcement is included on domatic by the bolthole for being inserted with anchor pole 6 of certain Density Distribution, the space of bolthole Coagulable slurry is inside marked with, anchor pole is fixed with connection reinforcing bar 19, and anchor pole end casting concrete is formed with anchored end 22, pre-buried Steel plate 24 is connected with least two horizontal anchored ends 22.
The top of the side slope main body 2 is provided with rhone 1, can be with retaining and draining, and reduction is domatic to wash away, and protects plant.
The active protecting net 11 includes from domatic top down spreading the grid (not shown) hung, between grid The width of overlap is not less than 5cm, the domatic supporting rope for being fixed with some crisscross longitudinal directions and some horizontal supports Rope (not shown), crisscross supporting rope is used for fixing active protecting net 11, between two grids and grid with Ligation is carried out with iron wire 20 between supporting rope, when the gradient is less than 45 °, being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 2m, works as the gradient During more than 45 °, being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 1m, the rivet of the domatic L-type for being inserted with some fixed active protecting nets 11 5。
As shown in figure 3, the domatic rivet 5 by being embedded in anchored end 22 is fixed with galvanized wire mesh 9, galvanized iron Spray on silk screen 9 is provided with nutrient matrix 14.
The domatic top down is equipped with the steel rope net (not shown) for fixing active protecting net 11, steel rope net It is connected with the supporting rope of its surrounding.
The domatic top is provided with anchor pier 4 and is plugged on the fixed reinforcing bar 3 at the top of side slope main body 2, fixed steel through anchor pier 4 Muscle 3 is connected with active protecting net 11.
Used as temporary drainage system, the bottom of side slope main body 2 is connected with gutter 16, draining to the domatic gutter channel 15 that is provided with The opposite side of ditch 16 is connected with road surface 17.
As shown in figure 4, the pre-embedded steel slab 24 by be embedded in anchored end 22 with the screw rod for being connected the colligation of reinforcing bar 19 23 and nut 7 fix with anchored end 22.
As shown in figure 5, present invention also offers highway high precipitous rock slope plants in advance applying for liana ecological safeguard structure Work method, comprises the following steps that:
(1) drainage system construction:Repair domatic step by step with excavator, in strict accordance with design control slope ratio, in side slope main body 2 Top digs rhone 1, and the domatic gutter channel 15 that digs is used as temporary drainage system;
(2) domatic float stone is cleared up:The domatic loose ground stone of labor cleaning, because side slope is steeper, workmen should wear safety Band, suspension safety rope, cleaning work from top to bottom, the float stone of loosening, surface dust is cleaned out one by one, and slope leveling is made as far as possible, The boulder larger to domatic upper volume is difficult to loosening can be retained, filling-in of trying one's best to deeper cavity, finally will be cleared up Native stone clears out scene;
(3) anchor pole 6 is constructed:Multiple bolthole (not shown)s are first drilled with by certain density on domatic, clear up anchor pole Kong Hou, the anchor pole 6 made is inserted in bolthole, and coagulable slurry is marked with the space of bolthole;
(4) laying of active protecting net 11 is installed:From domatic top down paving grid is hung as active protecting net 11, grid The width overlapped between net is not less than 5cm, then installs supporting rope at regular intervals respectively in domatic vertical and horizontal and fixes Active protecting net 11, ligation is carried out between two grids and between grid and supporting rope with iron wire 20;
(5) plant the carded sliver 8 to install:Uniformly it is laid on domatic according to certain spacing along the domatic carded sliver 8 of planting from top to bottom, Plant the carded sliver 8 to fix with the colligation of active protecting net 11;
(6) base material matter is sprayed:Galvanized wire mesh 9 is laid on side slope surface, and spray sets nutrient matrix 14, then plants liana Plant 18;
(7) planting groove 12 is constructed:Reinforcing bar 19 is fixedly connected on anchor pole, anchor pole end casting concrete forms anchored end 22, pre-embedded steel slab 24 is connected with least two horizontal anchored ends 22, and diagonal brace 21 and pregroove marks are fixed on pre-embedded steel slab 24 Plate 13, then fixing diagonal brace 21 and prefabricated frid 13 makes diagonal brace 21 support the growing area of prefabricated frid 13 and domatic formation V-type, it is pre-buried Adhesives are used between steel plate 24 and anchored end 22, replaces alkaline cement using adhesive, it is to avoid because of cement consumption control The improper impact to plant germination rate;
(8) seedling cultivation:Nutrition Soil is inserted in growing area, and by the children that the transplanting of certain spacing in the rows is selected in growing area Seedling.
The bolthole is from the horizontal by 45° angle.
Two ends are respectively fixedly connected with 2~4 rope cards with anchor pole 6 after supporting rope tensioning is tight in the step (4), steel rope net and The supporting rope of its surrounding is sutured and pre- tensioning by suture rope, and suture rope two ends are respectively fixedly connected with two rope cards with steel rope net, The suture rope (not shown) is steel cable, and the supporting rope length needs 2 rope card (not shown)s when being less than 15m, Supporting rope needs 4 rope cards, supporting rope length that 3 rope cards are needed between 15m and 30m when being more than 30m.
When the gradient is less than 45 ° in the step (4), being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 2m, when the gradient is more than 45 ° When, being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 1m.
The specification of anchored end 22 is width about 450mm, thickness about 50mm in the step (7), and the concrete for pouring is C20.
The pre-embedded steel slab 24 be by being embedded in anchored end 22 and with the screw rod 23 and nut 7 for being connected the colligation of reinforcing bar 19 It is fixed in anchored end 22.
The planting groove 12 uses 1 at 40cm:2 cement mortar to pre-embedded steel slab 24 and it is domatic anchor, make pre-buried Steel plate 24 is fully sealed with domatic.
The characteristics of present invention makes full use of liana survival rate high, the afforestation effect of raising rock side slope, natural resources, Economical environment-protective, SNS active protecting nets are used in combination with mixed grass spraying, realize engineering protection double with ecological protection Weight effect, is optimized to mixed grass spraying, and using adhesive alkaline cement is replaced, it is to avoid because cement consumption is not controlled not When the impact to plant germination rate;Carded sliver technique will be planted and be incorporated into mixed grass spraying, reach the purpose of solid soil gear soil, strengthen slope Look unfamiliar the stability of long substrate.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms, and anyone can show that other are various under the enlightenment of the present invention The product of form, however, make any change in its shape or structure, it is every with skill identical or similar to the present application Art scheme, is within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure, including being provided with domatic side slope main body (2), it is characterised in that Active protecting net (11) is fixed with domatic, the multiple plants carded sliver (8) are uniformly provided with active protecting net (11), it is domatic to be uniformly provided with Multiple planting grooves (12), planting groove (12) includes framework of steel reinforcement and the pre-embedded steel slab (24) being fixed on framework of steel reinforcement, pre-buried steel Diagonal brace (21) and prefabricated frid (13) are fixed with plate (24), diagonal brace (21) and prefabricated frid (13) are connected, prefabricated frid (13) it is growing area with domatic folded region, transplanting in Nutrition Soil, Nutrition Soil is filled with growing area seedling, on framework of steel reinforcement Poured concrete, it is domatic on be equipped with concrete for plant growth (10), nutrient matrix (14) and liana successively from inside to outside (18)。
2. Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the reinforcing bar Skeleton includes on domatic by the bolthole for being inserted with anchor pole (6) of certain Density Distribution, is marked with the space of bolthole coagulable Slurry, anchor pole is fixed with connection reinforcing bar (19), and anchor pole end casting concrete is formed with anchored end (22), pre-embedded steel slab (24) with Horizontal at least two anchored ends (22) are connected.
3. Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the active The grid that protection network (11) is hung including domatic paving, the width overlapped between grid is not less than 5cm, and domatic being fixed with is handed in length and breadth The supporting rope and some horizontal supporting ropes of some wrong longitudinal directions, between two grids and between grid and supporting rope Ligation is carried out with iron wire (20), when the gradient is less than 45 °, being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 2m, when the gradient is more than 45 ° When, being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 1m.
4. Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described domatic Galvanized wire mesh (9) is fixed with by the rivet (5) being embedded in anchored end (22), spray on galvanized wire mesh (9) is provided with nutrition Matrix (14), domatic top down is equipped with the steel rope net for fixing active protecting net (11), and steel rope net is propped up with its surrounding Support rope is connected, and domatic top is provided with anchor pier (4) and is plugged on the fixed reinforcing bar at the top of side slope main body (2) through anchor pier (4) (3), fixed reinforcing bar (3) is connected with active protecting net (11).
5. Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the side slope Main body (2) top is provided with rhone (1), and used as temporary drainage system, side slope main body (2) bottom connects the domatic gutter channel (15) that is provided with Gutter (16) is connected to, gutter (16) opposite side is connected with road surface (17).
6. Highway Lithological Slope liana ecological safeguard structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described pre-buried Steel plate (24) by be embedded in anchored end (22) with the screw rod (23) and nut (7) and anchored end for being connected reinforcing bar (19) colligation (22) it is fixed.
7. highway high precipitous rock slope plants in advance the construction method of liana ecological safeguard structure, it is characterised in that apply including following Work step is rapid:
(1) drainage system construction:Repair domatic step by step with excavator, in strict accordance with design control slope ratio, on side slope main body (2) top Portion digs rhone (1), domatic to dig gutter channel (15);
(2) domatic float stone is cleared up:The domatic loose ground stone of labor cleaning, because side slope is steeper, workmen should wear safety belt, hang Safety rope is hung, cleaning work from top to bottom, the float stone of loosening, surface dust is cleaned out one by one, slope leveling is made as far as possible, to domatic The larger boulder of upper volume is difficult to loosening can be retained, filling-in of trying one's best to deeper cavity, finally that the native stone cleared up is clear Transport scene;
(3) anchor bolt construction:Multiple boltholes are first drilled with by certain density on domatic, after cleaning bolthole, by the anchor made In bar (6) insertion bolthole, coagulable slurry is marked with the space of bolthole;
(4) active protecting net laying is installed:Hang grid as active protecting net (11) from domatic top down paving, grid it Between the width that overlaps be not less than 5cm, then supporting rope is installed at regular intervals respectively in domatic vertical and horizontal and fixes actively Protection network (11), ligation is carried out between two grids and between grid and supporting rope with iron wire (20);
(5) plant the carded sliver to install:Uniformly it is laid on domatic according to certain spacing along the domatic carded sliver (8) of planting from top to bottom, plants The carded sliver (8) is fixed with active protecting net (11) colligation;
(6) base material matter is sprayed:On side slope surface laying galvanized wire mesh (9), and spray sets nutrient matrix (14), then plants liana Plant (18);
(7) planting groove construction:Reinforcing bar (19) is fixedly connected on anchor pole, anchor pole end casting concrete forms anchored end (22), Pre-embedded steel slab (24) is connected with horizontal at least two anchored ends (22), and diagonal brace (21) and prefabricated frid (13) are fixed on On pre-embedded steel slab (24), then fixed diagonal brace (21) and prefabricated frid (13) make diagonal brace (21) support prefabricated frid (13) and domatic shape Into the growing area of V-type, bondd with adhesive auxiliary between pre-embedded steel slab (24) and anchored end (22);
(8) seedling cultivation:Nutrition Soil is inserted in growing area, and by the seedling that the transplanting of certain spacing in the rows is selected in growing area.
8. highway high precipitous rock slope according to claim 7 plants in advance the construction method of liana ecological safeguard structure, It is characterized in that two ends are respectively fixedly connected with 2~4 rope cards with anchor pole (6) after supporting rope tensioning is tight in the step (4), steel cable Net is sutured and pre- tensioning with the supporting rope of its surrounding by suture rope, and company is respectively fixed in suture rope two ends with two rope cards and steel rope net Connect, the supporting rope length needs 2 rope cards, supporting rope to need 4 rope cards, supporting rope length to exist when being more than 30m when being less than 15m 3 rope cards are needed between 15m and 30m, when the gradient is less than 45 °, being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 2m, when the gradient is more than When 45 °, being smaller than between ligation point is equal to 1m.
9. highway high precipitous rock slope according to claim 7 plants in advance the construction method of liana ecological safeguard structure, It is characterized in that anchored end (22) specification is width 450mm, thickness 50mm in the step (7), the concrete for pouring is C20.
10. highway high precipitous rock slope according to claim 7 plants in advance the construction method of liana ecological safeguard structure, It is characterized in that the planting groove (12) at 40cm with cement mortar is to pre-embedded steel slab (24) and domatic anchors.
CN201710071623.1A 2017-02-09 2017-02-09 Road rock slope vine ecological protection structure and construction method Pending CN106638634A (en)

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CN108293346A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-07-20 广东环境保护工程职业学院 A kind of Buttneria aspere Colebra. (Buettneria aspere Colebra.) method using garden waste cultivation and its application in ecology of mining areas reparation
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CN108487262A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-09-04 沙洲职业工学院 A kind of mine slope prevents the robust structure on landslide
CN108978682A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-12-11 中国水利水电第九工程局有限公司 A kind of construction method of road slope active protecting net system
CN109315237A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-02-12 郭少河 A kind of mine method for greening high precipitous rock slope
CN109555082A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-04-02 荟岩环境建设(无锡)有限公司 A kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery
CN109548518A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-04-02 荟岩环境建设(无锡)有限公司 The installation method of plant growth nutrition bar when a kind of side river Gao Dou is multiple green
CN109588300A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-09 深圳华熙环境建设有限公司 A kind of greening structure on highway mountain forest ground
CN110024628A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-07-19 青海生源园林绿化工程有限公司 A kind of high altitude localities roadbed side slope Three-Dimensional Network Seeding construction method
CN110249813A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-09-20 大连地拓环境科技有限公司 One kind cheating method for greening high precipitous rock slope in mining
CN110984195A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-10 潍坊科技学院 Geotechnical engineering side slope protection reinforced structure
CN111809655A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-23 中南大学 Ecological retaining structure of expansive soil slope and construction method

Cited By (17)

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CN108293346B (en) * 2017-09-28 2020-07-17 广东环境保护工程职业学院 Method for cultivating byttneria spinosa by using garden waste and application of byttneria spinosa in ecological restoration of mining area
CN108293346A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-07-20 广东环境保护工程职业学院 A kind of Buttneria aspere Colebra. (Buettneria aspere Colebra.) method using garden waste cultivation and its application in ecology of mining areas reparation
CN107938686A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-04-20 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 Green body Slope greening method is answered based on drought and waterlogging area self application
CN108005092A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-05-08 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 It is a kind of to be used for the multiple green safety device of slope surface and its method
CN108411924A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-17 中建五局第三建设有限公司 A kind of construction method of pit crater wall security protection
CN108411924B (en) * 2018-02-09 2020-03-13 中建五局第三建设有限公司 Construction method for mine pit wall safety protection
CN108487262A (en) * 2018-03-12 2018-09-04 沙洲职业工学院 A kind of mine slope prevents the robust structure on landslide
CN108978682A (en) * 2018-06-30 2018-12-11 中国水利水电第九工程局有限公司 A kind of construction method of road slope active protecting net system
CN109555082A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-04-02 荟岩环境建设(无锡)有限公司 A kind of construction method of river high gradient slope zoology green-recovery
CN109548518A (en) * 2018-10-09 2019-04-02 荟岩环境建设(无锡)有限公司 The installation method of plant growth nutrition bar when a kind of side river Gao Dou is multiple green
CN109315237A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-02-12 郭少河 A kind of mine method for greening high precipitous rock slope
CN109588300A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-09 深圳华熙环境建设有限公司 A kind of greening structure on highway mountain forest ground
CN110024628A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-07-19 青海生源园林绿化工程有限公司 A kind of high altitude localities roadbed side slope Three-Dimensional Network Seeding construction method
CN110249813A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-09-20 大连地拓环境科技有限公司 One kind cheating method for greening high precipitous rock slope in mining
CN110249813B (en) * 2019-07-15 2021-05-25 大连地拓环境科技有限公司 Method for greening high and steep rocky slope in mining pit
CN110984195A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-10 潍坊科技学院 Geotechnical engineering side slope protection reinforced structure
CN111809655A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-23 中南大学 Ecological retaining structure of expansive soil slope and construction method

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