CN109496920A - A kind of disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi - Google Patents

A kind of disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109496920A
CN109496920A CN201811333546.3A CN201811333546A CN109496920A CN 109496920 A CN109496920 A CN 109496920A CN 201811333546 A CN201811333546 A CN 201811333546A CN 109496920 A CN109496920 A CN 109496920A
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China
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parts
disease
herbal composite
pangasius sutchi
water
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陈涛
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Nanning University
Nanning Institute
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Nanning Institute
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • A01K61/13Prevention or treatment of fish diseases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The present invention relates to aquaculture technical field more particularly to a kind of disease-resistant cultural methods of Pangasius sutchi.Method of the invention is during Pangasius sutchi cultivates, using by garlic, azadirachta leaf, chamomile, thyme, peppermint, kuh-seng, radix saposhnikoviae, the root of Dahurain angelica, asarum, the Chinese bulbul, the herbal mixture of the compatibilities such as Java brucea substitutes traditional chlorinated product and insecticide to carry out the integrated control of fish disease, and pool water within adjusts and the fry of Pangasius sutchi, fingerling, adult fish stage promotes the growth of Pangasius sutchi using the herbal composite that component is obtained with compatibility is not had to, promote its immunity, and kill the harmful microorganism in cultivation water, the Pangasius sutchi in each stage is set to have the preferable speed of growth and lower illness rate, the Pangasius sutchi cultivated by means of the present invention, its speed of growth can promote 20-30%, and illness rate is low, fine and tender taste.

Description

A kind of disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture technical field, especially a kind of disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi.
Background technique
Pangasius sutchi, scientific name Su Shi circle abdomen fish awns (Pangasius hypophthalmus), also known as Ba Dingyu are under the jurisdiction of Os osseum guiding principle, Silurformes, Yu Mangke, circle abdomen fish awns genus, is the Important Economic fish for being grown in the Southeast Asia Mekong River valley, growth Fastly, disease resistance is strong, lower oxygen concentration resistance, high without thorn, nutritive value between flesh, has black, white and grey three kinds of body colours, ornamental value is high, juvenile fish It is often sold as ornamental fish, belongs to middle-size and small-size economic freshwater fish, because of business and the similar reason of shape, 2005 in China When Southern Coast area is promoted, referred to as Pangasius sutchi.The fish is more in the southern province cultivation such as Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan at present, It is the preferable freshwater aquiculture kind in China.
The main method of domestic cultivation Pangasius sutchi has cage culture, Pond culture, mixed breeding, reservoir cultivation, rice field at present Cultivation and warm flow water cultivation, the premunition of Pangasius sutchi is stronger, fish disease is generally not susceptible in breeding process, but in breeding process In, disease can also occur for mismanagement, bring economic loss to culturist.The common disease of Pangasius sutchi has enteritis disease, white point Disease and bubble illness.Because Pangasius sutchi body surface does not have scale, more sensitive to chemicals, it is general it is not recommended that using chemicals into Row treatment, therefore, how to be controlled in the breeding process of Pangasius sutchi disease just compile it is particularly important.
Therefore, find it is a kind of can sufficiently reduce Pangasius sutchi illness rate, promote Pangasius sutchi immunity and vigor, do not use Chemicals, the disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi that will not be impacted to Pangasius sutchi is the task of top priority.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems existing in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of disease-resistant cultivation side of Pangasius sutchi Method is achieved particular by following technical scheme:
A kind of disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi, comprising the following steps:
(1) pond prepares: preparing aquaculture pond, depth 0.8-2m, intake-outlet sets fence;
(2) pond pre-processes: clean up the pond after disinfection to aquaculture pond, water is poured into aquaculture pond;
(3) fertilising training water: the muck for applying decomposed fermentation to aquaculture pond cultivates food organisms, while being added according to 1kg/m2 Herbal composite A, the herbal composite A includes the following raw material: garlic, azadirachta leaf, chamomile, thyme, thin Lotus, kuh-seng, radix saposhnikoviae;
(4) seedling is put: according to 150-200 tail/m2Breeding density launch fry, fed after putting seedling, it is 2-8 times daily, Herbal composite B is launched according to 0.1-0.3g/ tail while feeding, the herbal composite B includes the following raw material: big Garlic, chamomile, thyme, kuh-seng, radix saposhnikoviae, polygonum cuspidate, perilla leaf, the Chinese bulbul, Java brucea;
(5) the fingerling stage: breeding density is adjusted to 100-150 tail/m2, according to 0.4- while when this stage, feeds 0.6g/ tail launches herbal composite B;
(6) adult fish stage: using monoculture mode, cultivation density 2500-3500 tail/mu, and cultivation 4-6 months, when this stage Herbal composite C is launched according to 0.8-1.2g/ tail while feeding, the herbal composite C includes the following raw material: big Garlic, chamomile, thyme, kuh-seng, radix saposhnikoviae, the root of Dahurain angelica, asarum, the Chinese bulbul, Java brucea make Pangasius sutchi average weight at 1 kilogram More than, it can capture.
Preferably, the aquaculture pond of the step (1), area is 100m2, depth is 1.2m.This area and depth are more suitable In, to the cultivation preferable control of situation.
Preferably, the step (2), pours into aquaculture pond for water, is to mix the water after disinfection to pour into aquaculture pond.After disinfection Water in microorganism be substantially achieved and kill, can be reduced injury of the harmful microorganism to shallow water shark.
Preferably, in the breeding process, water salinity is controlled 5 ‰ -11 ‰.It is further preferred that described cultivated Cheng Zhong, conditioning tank salinity water is 5 ‰ -6 ‰ when pond pre-processes;The fingerling stage improves water salinity to 7 ‰ -9 ‰;Adult fish rank Section improves water salinity to 9-11 ‰.At this time can the Pangasius sutchi in each stage have the preferable speed of growth, and illness rate It is low, fine and tender taste, no bilgy odour
Preferably, the herbal composite A, wherein the parts by weight of each raw material are as follows: 15-18 parts of garlic, azadirachta 3-5 parts of leaf, 10-16 parts of chamomile, 5-9 parts of thyme, 4-7 parts of peppermint, 1-3 parts of kuh-seng, 3-5 parts of radix saposhnikoviae.Under this ratio Each raw material dosage is relatively mild, and property is more mild, can sufficiently inhibit the harmful microorganism in the muck of decomposed fermentation, and not shadow Ring the growth of wherein bait microorganism.
Preferably, the herbal composite B, wherein the parts by weight of each raw material are as follows: 13-16 parts of garlic, chamomile 12-18 parts, 4-8 parts of thyme, 1-3 parts of kuh-seng, 4-8 parts of radix saposhnikoviae, 3-7 parts of polygonum cuspidate, 8-12 parts of perilla leaf, 3-5 parts of the Chinese bulbul, crow 2-4 parts of courage.Each raw material dosage under this ratio is relatively mild, and drug effect is also moderate, is more suitble to the Pangasius sutchi of fry stage Growth, moreover it is possible to sufficiently promote the immunity of Pangasius sutchi, whole disease-resistant and growth promotion is all preferable.
Preferably, the herbal composite C, wherein the parts by weight of each raw material are as follows: 17-21 parts of garlic, chamomile 1-3 parts, 3-7 parts of thyme, 12-15 parts of kuh-seng, 7-11 parts of radix saposhnikoviae, 5-7 parts of the root of Dahurain angelica, 1-3 parts of asarum, 2-6 parts of the Chinese bulbul, crow gallbladder It is 4-5 parts sub-.Each raw material dosage under this ratio is relatively mild, and sterilization and growth-promoting effect are all relatively strong, can sufficiently promote fresh water shark The growth of fish and disease-resistant, and promote the meat of Pangasius sutchi.
Preferably, in the breeding process, 25-30 DEG C of aquaculture pond water temperature, pH7-9 are controlled.The life of Pangasius sutchi under this condition Reason function is relatively stable, and easily ill, the speed of growth be not very fast yet.
Garlic: sulfur-containing compound has strong antibacterial and anti-inflammation functions in garlic, to a variety of coccuses, bacillus, fungi and disease Poison etc. has inhibition and killing effect, can also kill helminth, is that antibacterial action is strongest in the natural plants currently found It is a kind of.Survivor is hot, ripe person Gan Wen, eliminating cold-damp, wards off negative heresy, and in lower hot air heating, grain-meat digesting breaks extravesated blood, attacks cold product.It controls and rushes down abdomen cruelly Bitterly, dirty removing toxic substances is warded off in clearance lattice constipation, the ruffian that disappears desinsection.Outer moxibustion ulcer, row water are only defeated in battle ".
Azadirachta leaf: in the seed of margosa tree tree, leaf and bark, contain a kind of extremely special substance --- it is bitter Chinaberry element.Margosine (kumujian) has high-efficiency broad-spectrum insect effect, can prevent and treat more than 100 kinds of disease pests and several leaf fleas and nematode, such as Corn borer, knot nematodes, liriomyza bryoniae, powder scale insect, thrips etc..In addition to this, essentials of Matea Medica has also stated clearly chinaberry fruit With " nature and flavor: bitter cold is slightly poisonous, enters Liver Channel.Function: it is damp and hot, control hernia, desinsection, Liver Channel of releiving, diuresis ".And just because of Its presence, the brilliant function of making neem tree have worm to cure the disease.
Chamomile: irascibility is moved back in mildly bitter flavor, Gan Xiang, improving eyesight, and treatment insomnia reduces blood pressure, can invigorate, refresh oneself.Enhancing Memory reduces cholesterol.Bronchitis and asthma can be effectively relieved in expelling phlegm and arresting coughing, and the headache that can releive, migraine or flu are drawn The courbature risen, centering and gastric acid, calm nerves are helpful.Lasting infection can be improved, and then resist bacterium, enhance siberian crabapple System.
Thyme: acrid flavour, slightly warm in nature.It expels pathogenic wind from the body surface, promoting qi circulation and relieving pain, cough-relieving, decompression.For catching a cold, cough, headache, tooth Bitterly, indigestion, acute gastroenteritis, high blood pressure.
Peppermint: acrid flavour, it is cool in nature.Enter lung, Liver Channel.Dispelling wind and heat from the body, head clearing, relieving sore-throat promoting eruption, soothing the liver promoting the circulation of qi.Exogenous disease wind Heat, headache, abscess of throat, food stagnation inflatable, aphtha, toothache, sore scabies, urticaria, for warm disease from the beginning of, rubella itch, stagnation of QI due to depression of the liver is uncomfortable in chest Hypochondriac pain.
Kuh-seng: bitter, it is cold in nature.Return heart, liver, stomach, large intestine, bladder meridian.Heat-clearing and damp-drying drug, desinsection, diuresis.For hot dysentery, just Blood, jaundice urodialysis, leukorrhea with reddish discharge, swelling of vulva pruritus vulvae, eczema, wet sore, pruitus, castor control trichomonas vaginitis outside.
Radix saposhnikoviae: acrid flavour, sweet, slightly warm in nature.Return bladder, lung, spleen, Liver Channel.It expels pathogenic wind from the body surface, the effect of expel endogenous wind to relieve convulsion, relieving convulsion. For exogenous disease exterior syndrome, rubella itch, rheumatic arthralgia, tetanus just, the insufficiency of the spleen with overabundance of dampness.
The root of Dahurain angelica: acrid flavour, it is warm-natured.Return lung, spleen, stomach meridian.Relieving exterior syndrome and dispelling cold, wind-expelling pain-stopping, clearing the nasal passage, eliminating dampness stops band, detumescence row Purulence, dispelling wind and arresting itching.Cure mainly anemofrigid cold, headache, toothache, rheumatic arthralgia, nasosinusitis, leukorrhagia card, sore and toxic.
Asarum: it is acrid in flavour and warm in nature, it is slightly poisonous.Return heart, lung, kidney channel.Relieving exterior syndrome and dispelling cold, wind-expelling pain-stopping is sensible, warming lung and resolving fluid.Cure mainly wind Cold flu, has a headache, toothache, rheumatic arthralgia, nasosinusitis, lung cold cough.
The Chinese bulbul: bitter, it is cold in nature.Return stomach, large intestine channel.With clearing heat and detoxicating, the effect of removing heat from the blood and relieve diarrhea, it is usually used in heat toxin blood Dysentery, pruritus vulvae leukorrhagia.
Java brucea: it is bitter, it trembles with fear;It is slightly poisonous.Return large intestine, Liver Channel.It is clearing heat and detoxicating, preventing malaria, stop dysentery.It is usually used in dysentery, malaria, outside Control wart, corn.
Compared with prior art, the technical effect of the invention is embodied in:
Method of the invention is during Pangasius sutchi cultivates, using by garlic, azadirachta leaf, chamomile, hundred The herbal mixture of the compatibilities such as perfume, peppermint, kuh-seng, radix saposhnikoviae, the root of Dahurain angelica, asarum, the Chinese bulbul, Java brucea substitute traditional chlorinated product and Insecticide carries out the integrated control of fish disease, and pool water within adjusts and the fry of Pangasius sutchi, fingerling, adult fish stage be not using The growth for promoting Pangasius sutchi with the herbal composite that component and compatibility obtain, promotes its immunity, and kill cultivation Harmful microorganism in water makes the Pangasius sutchi in each stage have the preferable speed of growth and lower illness rate, passes through this The Pangasius sutchi of the method cultivation of invention, the speed of growth can promote 20-30%, and illness rate is low, fine and tender taste.
Specific embodiment
It is limited below with reference to specific embodiment technical solution of the present invention is further, but claimed Range is not only limited to made description.
Embodiment 1
(1) pond prepares: preparing aquaculture pond, area is 100m2, depth is 1.2m, and intake-outlet sets fence;
(2) pond pre-processes: clean up the pond after disinfection to aquaculture pond, water is poured into aquaculture pond;
(3) fertilising training water: the muck for applying decomposed fermentation to aquaculture pond cultivates food organisms, while according to 1kg/m2It is added Herbal composite A, the herbal composite A are mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 16.5kg, azadirachta leaf 4kg, ocean Camomile 13kg, thyme 7kg, peppermint 5.5kg, kuh-seng 2kg, radix saposhnikoviae 4kg;
(4) seedling is put: according to 150-200 tail/m2Breeding density launch fry, fed after putting seedling, 5 times a day, throw Herbal composite B is launched according to 0.2g/ tail while feeding, the herbal composite B is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 14.5kg, chamomile 15kg, thyme 6kg, kuh-seng 2kg, radix saposhnikoviae 6kg, polygonum cuspidate 5kg, perilla leaf 10kg, Chinese bulbul 4kg, crow gallbladder Sub- 3kg;
(5) the fingerling stage: breeding density is adjusted to 125 tails/m2, launched while when this stage feeds according to 0.5g/ tail Herbal composite B;
(6) adult fish stage: using monoculture mode, and 3000 tails of cultivation density/mu cultivate 5 months, when this stage feeds same When according to 1g/ tail launch herbal composite C, the herbal composite C is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 19kg, ocean Camomile 2kg, thyme 5kg, kuh-seng 13.5kg, radix saposhnikoviae 9kg, root of Dahurain angelica 6kg, asarum 2kg, Chinese bulbul 4kg, Java brucea 4.5kg, make Pangasius sutchi average weight can be captured at 1 kilogram or more.
Embodiment 2
(1) pond prepares: preparing aquaculture pond, area is 100m2, depth is 0.8m, and intake-outlet sets fence;
(2) pond pre-processes: clean up the pond after disinfection to aquaculture pond, water is poured into aquaculture pond;
(3) fertilising training water: the muck for applying decomposed fermentation to aquaculture pond cultivates food organisms, while according to 1kg/m2It is added Herbal composite A, the herbal composite A are mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 15kg, azadirachta leaf 3kg, ocean are sweet Chrysanthemum 10kg, thyme 9kg, peppermint 7kg, kuh-seng 3kg, radix saposhnikoviae 5kg;
(4) seedling is put: according to 150 tails/m2Breeding density launch fry, fed after putting seedling, 2 times a day, fed Herbal composite B is launched according to 0.1g/ tail simultaneously, the herbal composite B is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 13kg, chamomile 12kg, thyme 4kg, kuh-seng 1kg, radix saposhnikoviae 4kg, polygonum cuspidate 7kg, perilla leaf 12kg, Chinese bulbul 5kg, Java brucea 4kg;
(5) the fingerling stage: breeding density is adjusted to 100 tails/m2, launched while when this stage feeds according to 0.4g/ tail Herbal composite B;
(6) adult fish stage: using monoculture mode, and 2500 tails of cultivation density/mu cultivate 4 months, when this stage feeds same When according to 0.8g/ tail launch herbal composite C, the herbal composite C is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 17kg, Chamomile 1kg, thyme 3kg, kuh-seng 12kg, radix saposhnikoviae 7kg, root of Dahurain angelica 7kg, asarum 3kg, Chinese bulbul 6kg, Java brucea 5kg, make light Water shark average weight can be captured at 1 kilogram or more.
Embodiment 3
(1) pond prepares: preparing aquaculture pond, area is 100m2, depth is 2m, and intake-outlet sets fence;
(2) pond pre-processes: clean up the pond after disinfection to aquaculture pond, water is poured into aquaculture pond;
(3) fertilising training water: the muck for applying decomposed fermentation to aquaculture pond cultivates food organisms, while according to 1kg/m2It is added Herbal composite A, the herbal composite A are mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 18kg, azadirachta leaf 5kg, ocean are sweet Chrysanthemum 16kg, thyme 5kg, peppermint 4kg, kuh-seng 1kg, radix saposhnikoviae 3kg;
(4) seedling is put: according to 200 tails/m2Breeding density launch fry, fed after putting seedling, 8 times a day, fed Herbal composite B is launched according to 0.3g/ tail simultaneously, the herbal composite B is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 16kg, chamomile 18kg, thyme 8kg, kuh-seng 3kg, radix saposhnikoviae 8kg, polygonum cuspidate 7kg, perilla leaf 12kg, Chinese bulbul 5kg, Java brucea 4kg;
(5) the fingerling stage: breeding density is adjusted to 150 tails/m2, launched while when this stage feeds according to 0.6g/ tail Herbal composite B;
(6) adult fish stage: using monoculture mode, and 3500 tails of cultivation density/mu cultivate 6 months, when this stage feeds same When according to 1.2g/ tail launch herbal composite C, the herbal composite C is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 21kg, Chamomile 3kg, thyme 3-7kg, kuh-seng 15kg, radix saposhnikoviae 11kg, root of Dahurain angelica 5kg, asarum 1kg, Chinese bulbul 2kg, Java brucea 4kg, Make Pangasius sutchi average weight at 1 kilogram or more, can capture.
Embodiment 4
(1) pond prepares: preparing aquaculture pond, area is 100m2, depth is 1.2m, and intake-outlet sets fence;
(2) pond pre-processes: clean up the pond after disinfection to aquaculture pond, the water after disinfection is mixed and pours into aquaculture pond;
(3) fertilising training water: the muck for applying decomposed fermentation to aquaculture pond cultivates food organisms, while according to 1kg/m2It is added Herbal composite A, the herbal composite A are mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 16.5kg, azadirachta leaf 4kg, ocean Camomile 13kg, thyme 7kg, peppermint 5.5kg, kuh-seng 2kg, radix saposhnikoviae 4kg;
(4) seedling is put: according to 150-200 tail/m2Breeding density launch fry, fed after putting seedling, 5 times a day, throw Herbal composite B is launched according to 0.2g/ tail while feeding, the herbal composite B is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 14.5kg, chamomile 15kg, thyme 6kg, kuh-seng 2kg, radix saposhnikoviae 6kg, polygonum cuspidate 5kg, perilla leaf 10kg, Chinese bulbul 4kg, crow gallbladder Sub- 3kg;
(5) the fingerling stage: breeding density is adjusted to 125 tails/m2, launched while when this stage feeds according to 0.5g/ tail Herbal composite B;
(6) adult fish stage: using monoculture mode, and 3000 tails of cultivation density/mu cultivate 5 months, when this stage feeds same When according to 1g/ tail launch herbal composite C, the herbal composite C is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 19kg, ocean Camomile 2kg, thyme 5kg, kuh-seng 13.5kg, radix saposhnikoviae 9kg, root of Dahurain angelica 6kg, asarum 2kg, Chinese bulbul 4kg, Java brucea 4.5kg, make Pangasius sutchi average weight can be captured at 1 kilogram or more.
Embodiment 5
(1) pond prepares: preparing aquaculture pond, area is 100m2, depth is 1.2m, and intake-outlet sets fence;
(2) pond pre-processes: clean up the pond after disinfection to aquaculture pond, water is poured into aquaculture pond, conditioning tank salinity water exists 5‰-6‰;
(3) fertilising training water: the muck for applying decomposed fermentation to aquaculture pond cultivates food organisms, while according to 1kg/m2It is added Herbal composite A, the herbal composite A are mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 16.5kg, azadirachta leaf 4kg, ocean Camomile 13kg, thyme 7kg, peppermint 5.5kg, kuh-seng 2kg, radix saposhnikoviae 4kg;
(4) seedling is put: according to 150-200 tail/m2Breeding density launch fry, fed after putting seedling, 5 times a day, throw Herbal composite B is launched according to 0.2g/ tail while feeding, the herbal composite B is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 14.5kg, chamomile 15kg, thyme 6kg, kuh-seng 2kg, radix saposhnikoviae 6kg, polygonum cuspidate 5kg, perilla leaf 10kg, Chinese bulbul 4kg, crow gallbladder Sub- 3kg;
(5) the fingerling stage: breeding density is adjusted to 125 tails/m2, water salinity is improved to 7 ‰ -9 ‰, when this stage throws Herbal composite B is launched according to 0.5g/ tail while feeding;
(6) adult fish stage: using monoculture mode, and 3000 tails of cultivation density/mu improve water salinity to 9-11 ‰, supports It grows 5 months, launches herbal composite C according to 1g/ tail while when this stage feeds, the herbal composite C is by as follows Raw material is mixed to get: garlic 19kg, chamomile 2kg, thyme 5kg, kuh-seng 13.5kg, radix saposhnikoviae 9kg, root of Dahurain angelica 6kg, asarum 2kg, Chinese bulbul 4kg, Java brucea 4.5kg make Pangasius sutchi average weight at 1 kilogram or more, can capture.
Embodiment 6
(1) pond prepares: preparing aquaculture pond, area is 100m2, depth is 1.2m, and intake-outlet sets fence;
(2) pond pre-processes: clean up the pond after disinfection to aquaculture pond, water is poured into aquaculture pond;
(3) fertilising training water: the muck for applying decomposed fermentation to aquaculture pond cultivates food organisms, while according to 1kg/m2It is added Herbal composite A, the herbal composite A are mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 16.5kg, azadirachta leaf 4kg, ocean Camomile 13kg, thyme 7kg, peppermint 5.5kg, kuh-seng 2kg, radix saposhnikoviae 4kg;
(4) seedling is put: according to 150-200 tail/m2Breeding density launch fry, fed after putting seedling, 5 times a day, throw Herbal composite B is launched according to 0.2g/ tail while feeding, the herbal composite B is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 14.5kg, chamomile 15kg, thyme 6kg, kuh-seng 2kg, radix saposhnikoviae 6kg, polygonum cuspidate 5kg, perilla leaf 10kg, Chinese bulbul 4kg, crow gallbladder Sub- 3kg;
(5) the fingerling stage: breeding density is adjusted to 125 tails/m2, launched while when this stage feeds according to 0.5g/ tail Herbal composite B;
(6) adult fish stage: using monoculture mode, and 3000 tails of cultivation density/mu cultivate 5 months, when this stage feeds same When according to 1g/ tail launch herbal composite C, the herbal composite C is mixed to get by the following raw material: garlic 19kg, ocean Camomile 2kg, thyme 5kg, kuh-seng 13.5kg, radix saposhnikoviae 9kg, root of Dahurain angelica 6kg, asarum 2kg, Chinese bulbul 4kg, Java brucea 4.5kg, make Pangasius sutchi average weight can be captured at 1 kilogram or more.
In the breeding process, 25-30 DEG C of aquaculture pond water temperature, pH7-9 are controlled.
Comparative example 1
It is same as Example 1 to be added without herbal composite A, B, C other steps.
Embodiment 1-6, comparative example 1 are compared, specific as follows:
Pangasius sutchi illness rate (%) Have without side-effects Grow up to the time (d)
Embodiment 1 3.4 Nothing 140
Embodiment 2 5.2 Nothing 150
Embodiment 3 4.1 Nothing 160
Embodiment 4 2.6 Nothing 140
Embodiment 5 1.4 Nothing 130
Embodiment 6 1.9 Nothing 140
Comparative example 1 18.7 Nothing 220
Comparison is it is found that method of the invention can sufficiently reduce Pangasius sutchi illness rate, promotion Pangasius sutchi immunity and work Power shortens it and grows up to the time, and is free from side effects, and is a kind of disease-resistant cultural method of effective Pangasius sutchi.
Finally it is pointed out that above embodiments are only the more representational examples of the present invention.Obviously, technology of the invention Scheme is not limited to above-described embodiment, and acceptable there are many deformations.Those skilled in the art can be from disclosed by the invention All deformations that content is directly exported or associated, are considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi, which comprises the following steps:
(1) pond prepares: preparing aquaculture pond, depth 0.8-2m, intake-outlet sets fence;
(2) pond pre-processes: clean up the pond after disinfection to aquaculture pond, water is poured into aquaculture pond;
(3) fertilising training water: food organisms are cultivated to the muck that aquaculture pond applies decomposed fermentation, while medium-height grass is added according to 1kg/m2 Drug composition A, the herbal composite A includes the following raw material: garlic, azadirachta leaf, chamomile, thyme, peppermint, hardship Ginseng, radix saposhnikoviae;
(4) seedling is put: according to 150-200 tail/m2Breeding density launch fry, fed after putting seedling, it is 2-8 times daily, feed Launch herbal composite B according to 0.1-0.3g/ tail simultaneously, the herbal composite B includes the following raw material: garlic, ocean are sweet Chrysanthemum, thyme, kuh-seng, radix saposhnikoviae, polygonum cuspidate, perilla leaf, the Chinese bulbul, Java brucea;
(5) the fingerling stage: breeding density is adjusted to 100-150 tail/m2, thrown while when this stage feeds according to 0.4-0.6g/ tail Put herbal composite B;
(6) adult fish stage: using monoculture mode, cultivation density 2500-3500 tail/mu, and cultivation 4-6 months, when this stage fed While according to 0.8-1.2g/ tail launch herbal composite C, the herbal composite C includes the following raw material: garlic, ocean Camomile, thyme, kuh-seng, radix saposhnikoviae, the root of Dahurain angelica, asarum, the Chinese bulbul, Java brucea make Pangasius sutchi average weight at 1 kilogram or more, It can capture.
2. the disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the aquaculture pond of the step (1), Area is 100m2, depth is 1.2m.
3. the disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (2) pours into water Aquaculture pond is to mix the water after disinfection to pour into aquaculture pond.
4. the disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the breeding process, control Water salinity is 5 ‰ -11 ‰.
5. the disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi according to claim 4, which is characterized in that in the breeding process, pond Conditioning tank salinity water is 5 ‰ -6 ‰ when pretreatment;The fingerling stage improves water salinity to 7 ‰ -9 ‰;Adult fish stage is by water body Salinity is improved to 9-11 ‰.
6. the disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the herbal composite A, In each raw material parts by weight it is as follows: 15-18 parts of garlic, 3-5 parts of azadirachta leaf, 10-16 parts of chamomile, 5-9 parts of thyme, 4-7 parts of peppermint, 1-3 parts of kuh-seng, 3-5 parts of radix saposhnikoviae.
7. the disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the herbal composite B, In each raw material parts by weight it is as follows: 13-16 parts of garlic, 12-18 parts of chamomile, 4-8 parts of thyme, 1-3 parts of kuh-seng, radix saposhnikoviae 4- 8 parts, 3-7 parts of polygonum cuspidate, 8-12 parts of perilla leaf, 3-5 parts of the Chinese bulbul, 2-4 parts of Java brucea.
8. the disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the herbal composite C, In each raw material parts by weight it is as follows: 17-21 parts of garlic, 1-3 parts of chamomile, 3-7 parts of thyme, 12-15 parts of kuh-seng, radix saposhnikoviae 7- 11 parts, 5-7 parts of the root of Dahurain angelica, 1-3 parts of asarum, 2-6 parts of the Chinese bulbul, 4-5 parts of Java brucea.
9. the disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the breeding process, control is supported Grow 25-30 DEG C of water temperature, pH7-9.
CN201811333546.3A 2018-11-09 2018-11-09 A kind of disease-resistant cultural method of Pangasius sutchi Pending CN109496920A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104996324A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-10-28 丰宁满族自治县利滦生态养殖有限公司 Ecological fish-farming method
CN107594226A (en) * 2017-10-29 2018-01-19 南宁学院 A kind of Pangasius sutchi feed and preparation method thereof
CN107897070A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-04-13 崔芳芳 A kind of lobster environment protection health cultural method
CN108184737A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-06-22 和县明信水产养殖专业合作社 A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method
CN108633788A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-12 南宁学院 A kind of Pangasius sutchi low salinity stocking method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104996324A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-10-28 丰宁满族自治县利滦生态养殖有限公司 Ecological fish-farming method
CN107594226A (en) * 2017-10-29 2018-01-19 南宁学院 A kind of Pangasius sutchi feed and preparation method thereof
CN107897070A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-04-13 崔芳芳 A kind of lobster environment protection health cultural method
CN108184737A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-06-22 和县明信水产养殖专业合作社 A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method
CN108633788A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-12 南宁学院 A kind of Pangasius sutchi low salinity stocking method

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Application publication date: 20190322