CN108184737A - A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method - Google Patents

A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108184737A
CN108184737A CN201810209553.6A CN201810209553A CN108184737A CN 108184737 A CN108184737 A CN 108184737A CN 201810209553 A CN201810209553 A CN 201810209553A CN 108184737 A CN108184737 A CN 108184737A
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China
Prior art keywords
pond
bait
parts
grass
fingerling
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CN201810209553.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈虎
刘忠志
赵定军
朱华
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HE COUNTY MINGXIN AQUACULTURE PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVES
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HE COUNTY MINGXIN AQUACULTURE PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVES
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Priority to CN201810209553.6A priority Critical patent/CN108184737A/en
Publication of CN108184737A publication Critical patent/CN108184737A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, includes the following steps:(1) pond pre-processes, (2) water plant is planted, (3) seed is launched, (4) bait is fed, (5) water quality management, (6) protection management, it is rested by honeycomb brick being set to be attached on honeycomb brick convenient for cray in pond bottom, oviposition place is provided for fish, honeycomb brick not only can fully adsorb fixed fish-egg, fish-egg is placed to be broken up by flow, and it is ingested by other shoals of fish, simultaneously, it can be as the place of protection fish-egg, the place of food and rest can be provided for cray by planting rye grass and barnyard grass, by applying bacillus subtilis and EM bacterium, the immunity of fishes and shrimps poultry can be effectively improved and purified water.

Description

A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to cray fingerling pond alternate culture method field, specifically a kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture side Method.
Background technology
Cray, also referred to as Procambius clarkii, red crayfish and freshwater crayfish.Be similar to shrimp and crust is hard.Adult is about 5.6 ~11.9 centimetres, kermesinus, the nearly black in crust part, belly back side has a wedge-shaped striped.Juvenile prawn body is uniform grey, sometimes Has black ripple.Chela is long and narrow.Do not separated in the middle part of crust by areola, significantly have particle on crust.Volume sword has gemmule or volume Sword end has indentation.
Cray belongs to economic freshwater shrimps, because meat flavour is delicious wide welcomed by the people.Because of its omnivorousness, the speed of growth it is fast, It is adaptable and absolute competitive advantage is formed in local environment.Its range of ingesting includes water plant, algae, aquatic elder brother Worm, spoil etc., food are also killed each other when deficient scarce.Cray has become Important Economic breed variety in China in recent years
Be based on, the higher nutritive value of cray, it is a series of about cray plant this into research report in succession, as in State's Patent No.:CN.201710076461.0, open a kind of " cray, the double stubble alternate culture intercropping Micropterus salmonoides cultivation in river crab pond Method ", more traditional cultural method is excellent to a certain extent for the cultural method.
Invention content
(1) the technical issues of solving
In view of the deficiency of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, passes through The present invention breeding method, not only can it is efficient with breeding, breeding is at low cost, and the flesh of fish and cray delicious meat, and environmental protection It is harmless.
(2) technical solution
A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, includes the following steps:
1st, a kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
(1) pond pre-processes:It to pond bottom dredging, is exposed to the sun, after pond bottom many places are put into honeycomb brick, pond bottom is equal Even to be sprinkled into Chinese medicine batch mixing, the Chinese medicine batch mixing is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:10-15 parts of rheum officinale, 12-14 parts of radix scutellariae, Huang Even 2-6 parts, 2-5 parts of China tree, 2-5 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 2-4 parts of kuh-seng, 1-3 parts of solanum lyratum, 2-5 parts of folium isatidis, 2-4 parts of honeysuckle, 2-4 parts of ginger, 2-3 parts of the Chinese bulbul, 2-4 parts of peppermint, 600-700 parts of plant ash;The preparation method of the Chinese medicine batch mixing include with Lower step:
S1, according to the weight proportion of above-mentioned Chinese medicine batch mixing by rheum officinale, radix scutellariae, the coptis, China tree, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, kuh-seng, white hair Rattan, folium isatidis, honeysuckle, ginger, the Chinese bulbul, peppermint are placed in medicine pot, add in 2500-3000 parts of water, after boiling 3-4h, It is filtered, the dregs of a decoction and liquid are obtained, the dregs of a decoction and liquid are spare;
S2, it after step S1 Chinese medicine slag naturally dries, will be placed in baking oven and be dried to moisture less than after 2%, be placed in powder It crushes in broken machine, after crushing, is mixed into plant ash according to weight proportion, be Chinese medicine batch mixing after stirring evenly;
(2) water plant is planted:In pond bottom position, higher position plants rye grass, and barnyard grass, the rye grass are planted by low-lying place Planting conditions be:Annual late March to mid-April, the highest temperature of continuous 5-7 days are planted when reaching 15-18 DEG C, The planting conditions of the barnyard grass are:Annual April, the highest temperature are planted when being more than 15 DEG C, the rye grass and barnyard grass growth It during to 5-7cm high, pours water into pond, until water level is less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass, and continuous with rye grass and barnyard grass Growth, constantly adds water into pond, remains water level less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass;
(3) seed is launched:In annual the first tenday period of a month in May, shrimp species are launched into pond;Annual early June to early August launches fish Kind;
(4) bait is fed:Annual early June between early July into pond dispensing powder bait, feeding rate 3-4%, Bait throwing in frequency be 4 times/day, early July to early August launch broken material bait, feeding rate 4-5%, bait throwing in frequency for 4 times/ My god;It is caught completely to fishes and shrimps mid-August and granular bait for fish is launched during finishing, feeding rate 5-6%, bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day; Crude protein content in the powder bait is 30-35%, and the crude protein content of broken material bait is 26-28%, granular bait for fish In crude protein content be 28-30%;The powder bait, particle bait, granular bait for fish are mixed before dispensing in step (1) Liquid in S1 operating procedures, incorporation standard are that liquid 20-25mL is mixed in every kilogram of bait.
(5) water quality management:The pH for controlling aqueous solution in pool is 7.2-8.5, and dissolved oxygen content is more than 5mg/L, is cultivated Launched microorganism improver of water quality in journey into pond every 15 days, the microorganism improver of water quality for bacillus subtilis or The Mixed Microbes of one or both of EM bacterium;
(6) protection management:Protection management includes anti-escape processing, patrols pool observation, disease control.
Preferably, the application rate of rye grass is 0.5Kg/667m2 in the step (2), and sown area accounts for the pond gross area 20%, the application rate of the barnyard grass is 1.0Kg/667m2, and sown area accounts for the 40% of the pond gross area.
Preferably, shrimp species are launched before launching after the saline solution immersion treatment 3-5min of 1-3% in the step (3), and Throw-in density is 5000/667m2, the fingerling is launched before launching after the saline solution immersion treatment 3-5min of 1-3%, and is thrown Density is put as 2.2 ten thousand tails/667m2
Preferably, the throw-in density of microorganism improver of water quality is 20g/667m in the step (4)2
Preferably, the bait feeding patterns in the step (4) be using device for feeding fish bait fixed point feed, feed frequency for 4 times/ My god, Feeding time is respectively 8:00-9:00、12:00-13:00、15:00-16:00、18:00-19:00.
Preferably, the fingerling in the step (3) for silver carp fingerling, Variegated, Grass carp, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling, crucian kind, The throw-in density of the silver carp kind is 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, Variegated throw-in density be 0.2 ten thousand tails/667m2, Grass carp throwing Density is put as 0.5 ten thousand tails/667m2, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling throw-in density be 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, crucian kind throw-in density be 0.2 ten thousand tails/667m2
Advantageous effect
The present invention discloses a kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, wherein, step (1) is limited to pond bottom setting bee Nest brick, due to being provided with honeycomb on the brick of honeycomb brick, therefore, can rest for cray, cray is attached to honeycomb It rests on brick.Meanwhile honeycomb brick provides oviposition place for fish, is based on, honeycomb brick has rough structure, fish By fish-egg production on brick, fixed fish-egg not only can be fully adsorbed, fish-egg is placed and is broken up by flow, and is ingested by other shoals of fish, Having can be as the place of protection fish-egg.
Contain crude protein 4.93%, crude fat 1.06%, nitrogen-free extracts 4.57%, calcium 0.075%, phosphorus in rye grass 0.07%.Rye grass and barnyard grass can provide the place of food and rest for cray, reduce feeding cost, and rye grass and barnyard grass The photosynthesis of grass can generate a large amount of oxygen, breathe and use for fishes and shrimps.
Bacillus subtilis has very strong inhibition to harmful microorganisms such as vibrios, Escherichia coli and the baculovirals in aquatic products Effect, effectively prevents the diseases such as aquatic livestock enteritis, gill rot, and bacillus subtilis can reduce shrimp disease, Ke Yi great It is big to improve prawn yield, so as to increase economic efficiency.
EM bacterium have the immunity for improving fishes and shrimps poultry, hence it is evident that control harmful levels of pathogens except foreign odor, purifies water, improves ring The effect in border.Can not only improve the immune resistivity of fish, shrimp using EM bacterium and bacillus subtilis, reduce fish, shrimp it is dead Rate is died, can also be purified water, reduces the number for replacing pond water, and then reaches using water wisely, reduce the effect of production cost.
Specific embodiment
Purpose, technical scheme and advantage to make the embodiment of the present invention are clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, Technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is the present invention one Divide embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making All other embodiments obtained under the premise of creative work, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, includes the following steps:
(1) pond pre-processes:It to pond bottom dredging, is exposed to the sun, after pond bottom many places are put into honeycomb brick, pond bottom is equal Even to be sprinkled into Chinese medicine batch mixing, the Chinese medicine batch mixing is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:10 parts of rheum officinale, 12 parts of radix scutellariae, 2 parts of the coptis, It is 5 parts of China tree, 5 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 4 parts of kuh-seng, 1 part of solanum lyratum, 2 parts of folium isatidis, 2 parts of honeysuckle, 2 parts of ginger, 3 parts of the Chinese bulbul, thin 4 parts of lotus, 700 parts of plant ash;The preparation method of the Chinese medicine batch mixing includes the following steps:
S1, according to the weight proportion of above-mentioned Chinese medicine batch mixing by rheum officinale, radix scutellariae, the coptis, China tree, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, kuh-seng, white hair Rattan, folium isatidis, honeysuckle, ginger, the Chinese bulbul, peppermint are placed in medicine pot, add in 2500 parts of water, filtered after boiling 4h, The dregs of a decoction and liquid are obtained, the dregs of a decoction and liquid are spare;
S2, it after step S1 Chinese medicine slag naturally dries, will be placed in baking oven and be dried to moisture less than after 2%, be placed in powder It crushes in broken machine, after crushing, is mixed into plant ash according to weight proportion, be Chinese medicine batch mixing after stirring evenly;
(2) water plant is planted:In pond bottom position, higher position plants rye grass, and barnyard grass, the rye grass are planted by low-lying place Planting conditions be:Annual late March to mid-April, the highest temperature of continuous 5 days is planted when reaching 15 DEG C, described The planting conditions of barnyard grass are:Annual April, the highest temperature are planted when being more than 15 DEG C, and the rye grass and barnyard grass grow to 7cm Gao Shi pours water into pond, until water level is less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass, and is constantly grown with rye grass and barnyard grass, no Break and water is added into pond, remain water level less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass;
(3) seed is launched:In annual the first tenday period of a month in May, shrimp species are launched into pond;Annual early June to early August launches fish Kind;
(4) bait is fed:Annual early June throws to powder bait, feeding rate 4% is launched between early July into pond Bait frequency is 4 times/day, and early July to early August launches broken material bait, feeding rate 5%, and bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;8 The middle of the month catches completely to fishes and shrimps finishes period dispensing granular bait for fish, and feeding rate 5%, bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;The powder It is 30% to expect the crude protein content in bait, and the crude protein content of broken material bait is 28%, and the crude protein in granular bait for fish contains It is 30% to measure, and the powder bait, particle bait, granular bait for fish are mixed in step (1) before dispensing in S1 operating procedures Liquid, incorporation standard are that liquid 25mL is mixed in every kilogram of bait.
(5) water quality management:The pH of aqueous solution in pool is controlled as 7.2, dissolved oxygen content is more than 5mg/L, in breeding process Microorganism improver of water quality was launched into pond every 15 days, the microorganism improver of water quality is bacillus subtilis or EM bacterium One or both of Mixed Microbes;
(6) protection management:Protection management includes anti-escape processing, patrols pool observation, disease control..
Wherein, the application rate of rye grass is 0.5Kg/667m in the step (2)2, sown area accounts for the pond gross area 20%, the application rate of the barnyard grass is 1.0Kg/667m2, sown area accounts for the 40% of the pond gross area.
Wherein, shrimp species are launched, and throw-in density is before launching after 3% saline solution immersion treatment 5min in step (3) 5000/667m2, the fingerling is launched before launching after 1% saline solution immersion treatment 5min, and throw-in density is 2.2 ten thousand Tail/667m2
Wherein, the throw-in density of microorganism improver of water quality is 20g/667m in the step (4)2
Wherein, the bait feeding patterns in the step (4) be using device for feeding fish bait fixed point feed, feed frequency for 4 times/ My god, Feeding time is respectively 8:00-9:00、12:00-13:00、15:00-16:00、18:00-19:00.
Wherein, the fingerling in step (3) for silver carp fingerling, Variegated, Grass carp, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling, crucian kind, the silver carp The throw-in density of fingerling is 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, Variegated throw-in density be 0.2 ten thousand tails/667m2, Grass carp throw-in density For 0.5 ten thousand tails/667m2, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling throw-in density be 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, crucian kind throw-in density for 0.2 ten thousand tails/ 667m2
Embodiment 2:
A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, includes the following steps:
(1) pond pre-processes:It to pond bottom dredging, is exposed to the sun, after pond bottom many places are put into honeycomb brick, pond bottom is equal Even to be sprinkled into Chinese medicine batch mixing, the Chinese medicine batch mixing is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:15 parts of rheum officinale, 14 parts of radix scutellariae, 6 parts of the coptis, It is 2 parts of China tree, 2 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 2 parts of kuh-seng, 3 parts of solanum lyratum, 5 parts of folium isatidis, 4 parts of honeysuckle, 2 parts of ginger, 2 parts of the Chinese bulbul, thin 4 parts of lotus, 700 parts of plant ash;The preparation method of the Chinese medicine batch mixing includes the following steps:
S1, according to the weight proportion of above-mentioned Chinese medicine batch mixing by rheum officinale, radix scutellariae, the coptis, China tree, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, kuh-seng, white hair Rattan, folium isatidis, honeysuckle, ginger, the Chinese bulbul, peppermint are placed in medicine pot, add in 3000 parts of water, filtered after boiling 4h, The dregs of a decoction and liquid are obtained, the dregs of a decoction and liquid are spare;
S2, it after step S1 Chinese medicine slag naturally dries, will be placed in baking oven and be dried to moisture less than after 2%, be placed in powder It crushes in broken machine, after crushing, is mixed into plant ash according to weight proportion, be Chinese medicine batch mixing after stirring evenly;
(2) water plant is planted:In pond bottom position, higher position plants rye grass, and barnyard grass, the rye grass are planted by low-lying place Planting conditions be:Annual late March to mid-April, the highest temperature of continuous 7 days is planted when reaching 18 DEG C, described The planting conditions of barnyard grass are:Annual April, the highest temperature are planted when being more than 15 DEG C, and the rye grass and barnyard grass grow to 5cm Gao Shi pours water into pond, until water level is less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass, and is constantly grown with rye grass and barnyard grass, no Break and water is added into pond, remain water level less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass;
(3) seed is launched:In annual the first tenday period of a month in May, shrimp species are launched into pond;Annual early June to early August launches fish Kind;
(4) bait is fed:Annual early June throws to powder bait, feeding rate 3% is launched between early July into pond Bait frequency is 4 times/day, and early July to early August launches broken material bait, feeding rate 4%, and bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;8 The middle of the month catches completely to fishes and shrimps finishes period dispensing granular bait for fish, and feeding rate 6%, bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;The powder It is 35% to expect the crude protein content in bait, and the crude protein content of broken material bait is 26%, and the crude protein in granular bait for fish contains It is 28% to measure, and the powder bait, particle bait, granular bait for fish are mixed in step (1) before dispensing in S1 operating procedures Liquid, incorporation standard are that liquid 20mL is mixed in every kilogram of bait.
(5) water quality management:The pH of aqueous solution in pool is controlled as 8.5, dissolved oxygen content is more than 5mg/L, in breeding process Microorganism improver of water quality was launched into pond every 15 days, the microorganism improver of water quality is bacillus subtilis or EM bacterium One or both of Mixed Microbes;
(6) protection management:Protection management includes anti-escape processing, patrols pool observation, disease control.
Wherein, the application rate of rye grass is 0.5Kg/667m in the step (2)2, sown area accounts for the pond gross area 20%, the application rate of the barnyard grass is 1.0Kg/667m2, sown area accounts for the 40% of the pond gross area.
Wherein, shrimp species are launched, and throw-in density is before launching after 1% saline solution immersion treatment 5min in step (3) 5000/667m2, the fingerling is launched before launching after 3% saline solution immersion treatment 3min, and throw-in density is 2.2 ten thousand Tail/667m2
Wherein, the throw-in density of microorganism improver of water quality is 20g/667m in the step (4)2
Wherein, the bait feeding patterns in the step (4) be using device for feeding fish bait fixed point feed, feed frequency for 4 times/ My god, Feeding time is respectively 8:00-9:00、12:00-13:00、15:00-16:00、18:00-19:00.
Wherein, the fingerling in step (3) for silver carp fingerling, Variegated, Grass carp, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling, crucian kind, the silver carp The throw-in density of fingerling is 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, Variegated throw-in density be 0.2 ten thousand tails/667m2, Grass carp throw-in density For 0.5 ten thousand tails/667m2, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling throw-in density be 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, crucian kind throw-in density for 0.2 ten thousand tails/ 667m2
Embodiment 3:
A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, includes the following steps:
(1) pond pre-processes:It to pond bottom dredging, is exposed to the sun, after pond bottom many places are put into honeycomb brick, pond bottom is equal Even to be sprinkled into Chinese medicine batch mixing, the Chinese medicine batch mixing is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:13 parts of rheum officinale, 13 parts of radix scutellariae, 4 parts of the coptis, It is 4 parts of China tree, 3 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 3 parts of kuh-seng, 2 parts of solanum lyratum, 4 parts of folium isatidis, 3 parts of honeysuckle, 3 parts of ginger, 2 parts of the Chinese bulbul, thin 3 parts of lotus, 650 parts of plant ash;The preparation method of the Chinese medicine batch mixing includes the following steps:
S1, according to the weight proportion of above-mentioned Chinese medicine batch mixing by rheum officinale, radix scutellariae, the coptis, China tree, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, kuh-seng, white hair Rattan, folium isatidis, honeysuckle, ginger, the Chinese bulbul, peppermint are placed in medicine pot, add in 2800 parts of water, filtered after boiling 4h, The dregs of a decoction and liquid are obtained, the dregs of a decoction and liquid are spare;
S2, it after step S1 Chinese medicine slag naturally dries, will be placed in baking oven and be dried to moisture less than after 2%, be placed in powder It crushes in broken machine, after crushing, is mixed into plant ash according to weight proportion, be Chinese medicine batch mixing after stirring evenly;
(2) water plant is planted:In pond bottom position, higher position plants rye grass, and barnyard grass, the rye grass are planted by low-lying place Planting conditions be:Annual late March to mid-April, the highest temperature of continuous 5 days is planted when reaching 17 DEG C, described The planting conditions of barnyard grass are:Annual April, the highest temperature are planted when being more than 15 DEG C, and the rye grass and barnyard grass grow to 6cm Gao Shi pours water into pond, until water level is less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass, and is constantly grown with rye grass and barnyard grass, no Break and water is added into pond, remain water level less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass;
(3) seed is launched:In annual the first tenday period of a month in May, shrimp species are launched into pond;Annual early June to early August launches fish Kind;
(4) bait is fed:Annual early June throws to powder bait, feeding rate 4% is launched between early July into pond Bait frequency is 4 times/day, and early July to early August launches broken material bait, feeding rate 5%, and bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;8 The middle of the month catches completely to fishes and shrimps finishes period dispensing granular bait for fish, and feeding rate 5%, bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;The powder It is 33% to expect the crude protein content in bait, and the crude protein content of broken material bait is 27%, and the crude protein in granular bait for fish contains It is 29% to measure, and the powder bait, particle bait, granular bait for fish are mixed in step (1) before dispensing in S1 operating procedures Liquid, incorporation standard are that liquid 23mL is mixed in every kilogram of bait.
(5) water quality management:The pH of aqueous solution in pool is controlled as 7.8, dissolved oxygen content is more than 5mg/L, in breeding process Microorganism improver of water quality was launched into pond every 15 days, the microorganism improver of water quality is bacillus subtilis or EM bacterium One or both of Mixed Microbes;
(6) protection management:Protection management includes anti-escape processing, patrols pool observation, disease control.
Wherein, the application rate of rye grass is 0.5Kg/667m in the step (2)2, sown area accounts for the pond gross area 20%, the application rate of the barnyard grass is 1.0Kg/667m2, sown area accounts for the 40% of the pond gross area.
Wherein, shrimp species are launched, and throw-in density is before launching after 3% saline solution immersion treatment 4min in step (3) 5000/667m2, the fingerling is launched before launching after 3% saline solution immersion treatment 4min, and throw-in density is 2.2 ten thousand Tail/667m2
Wherein, the throw-in density of microorganism improver of water quality is 20g/667m in the step (4)2
Wherein, the bait feeding patterns in the step (4) be using device for feeding fish bait fixed point feed, feed frequency for 4 times/ My god, Feeding time is respectively 8:00-9:00、12:00-13:00、15:00-16:00、18:00-19:00.
Wherein, the fingerling in step (3) for silver carp fingerling, Variegated, Grass carp, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling, crucian kind, the silver carp The throw-in density of fingerling is 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, Variegated throw-in density be 0.2 ten thousand tails/667m2, Grass carp throw-in density For 0.5 ten thousand tails/667m2, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling throw-in density be 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, crucian kind throw-in density for 0.2 ten thousand tails/ 667m2
Embodiment 4:
A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, includes the following steps:
(1) pond pre-processes:It to pond bottom dredging, is exposed to the sun, after pond bottom many places are put into honeycomb brick, pond bottom is equal Even to be sprinkled into Chinese medicine batch mixing, the Chinese medicine batch mixing is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:12 parts of rheum officinale, 12 parts of radix scutellariae, 5 parts of the coptis, 4 parts of China tree, 4 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 3 parts of kuh-seng, 2 parts of solanum lyratum, 4 parts of folium isatidis, 3 parts of honeysuckle, 3 parts of ginger, 2-3 parts of the Chinese bulbul, 3 parts of peppermint, 680 parts of plant ash;The preparation method of the Chinese medicine batch mixing includes the following steps:
S1, according to the weight proportion of above-mentioned Chinese medicine batch mixing by rheum officinale, radix scutellariae, the coptis, China tree, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, kuh-seng, white hair Rattan, folium isatidis, honeysuckle, ginger, the Chinese bulbul, peppermint are placed in medicine pot, add in 2700 parts of water, filtered after boiling 3h, The dregs of a decoction and liquid are obtained, the dregs of a decoction and liquid are spare;
S2, it after step S1 Chinese medicine slag naturally dries, will be placed in baking oven and be dried to moisture less than after 2%, be placed in powder It crushes in broken machine, after crushing, is mixed into plant ash according to weight proportion, be Chinese medicine batch mixing after stirring evenly;
(2) water plant is planted:In pond bottom position, higher position plants rye grass, and barnyard grass, the rye grass are planted by low-lying place Planting conditions be:Annual late March to mid-April, the highest temperature of continuous 6 days is planted when reaching 16 DEG C, described The planting conditions of barnyard grass are:Annual April, the highest temperature are planted when being more than 15 DEG C, and the rye grass and barnyard grass grow to 6cm Gao Shi pours water into pond, until water level is less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass, and is constantly grown with rye grass and barnyard grass, no Break and water is added into pond, remain water level less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass;
(3) seed is launched:In annual the first tenday period of a month in May, shrimp species are launched into pond;Annual early June to early August launches fish Kind;
(4) bait is fed:Annual early June throws to powder bait, feeding rate 4% is launched between early July into pond Bait frequency is 4 times/day, and early July to early August launches broken material bait, feeding rate 4%, and bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;8 The middle of the month catches completely to fishes and shrimps finishes period dispensing granular bait for fish, and feeding rate 6%, bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;The powder It is 32% to expect the crude protein content in bait, and the crude protein content of broken material bait is 28%, and the crude protein in granular bait for fish contains It is 29% to measure, and the powder bait, particle bait, granular bait for fish are mixed in step (1) before dispensing in S1 operating procedures Liquid, incorporation standard are that liquid 22mL is mixed in every kilogram of bait.
(5) water quality management:The pH of aqueous solution in pool is controlled as 8.0, dissolved oxygen content is more than 5mg/L, in breeding process Microorganism improver of water quality was launched into pond every 15 days, the microorganism improver of water quality is bacillus subtilis or EM bacterium One or both of Mixed Microbes;
(6) protection management:Protection management includes anti-escape processing, patrols pool observation, disease control.
Wherein, the application rate of rye grass is 0.5Kg/667m in the step (2)2, sown area accounts for the pond gross area 20%, the application rate of the barnyard grass is 1.0Kg/667m2, sown area accounts for the 40% of the pond gross area.
Wherein, shrimp species are launched, and throw-in density is before launching after 1% saline solution immersion treatment 5min in step (3) 5000/667m2, the fingerling is launched before launching after 2% saline solution immersion treatment 3min, and throw-in density is 2.2 ten thousand Tail/667m2
Wherein, the throw-in density of microorganism improver of water quality is 20g/667m in the step (4)2
Wherein, the bait feeding patterns in the step (4) be using device for feeding fish bait fixed point feed, feed frequency for 4 times/ My god, Feeding time is respectively 8:00-9:00、12:00-13:00、15:00-16:00、18:00-19:00.
Wherein, the fingerling in step (3) for silver carp fingerling, Variegated, Grass carp, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling, crucian kind, the silver carp The throw-in density of fingerling is 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, Variegated throw-in density be 0.2 ten thousand tails/667m2, Grass carp throw-in density For 0.5 ten thousand tails/667m2, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling throw-in density be 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, crucian kind throw-in density for 0.2 ten thousand tails/ 667m2
Embodiment 5:
A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, includes the following steps:
(1) pond pre-processes:It to pond bottom dredging, is exposed to the sun, after pond bottom many places are put into honeycomb brick, pond bottom is equal Even to be sprinkled into Chinese medicine batch mixing, the Chinese medicine batch mixing is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:14 parts of rheum officinale, 13 parts of radix scutellariae, 5 parts of the coptis, It is 3 parts of China tree, 3 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 3 parts of kuh-seng, 2 parts of solanum lyratum, 4 parts of folium isatidis, 3 parts of honeysuckle, 4 parts of ginger, 2 parts of the Chinese bulbul, thin 3 parts of lotus, 660 parts of plant ash;The preparation method of the Chinese medicine batch mixing includes the following steps:
S1, according to the weight proportion of above-mentioned Chinese medicine batch mixing by rheum officinale, radix scutellariae, the coptis, China tree, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, kuh-seng, white hair Rattan, folium isatidis, honeysuckle, ginger, the Chinese bulbul, peppermint are placed in medicine pot, add in 2850 parts of water, after boiling 3.5h, are passed through Filter, obtains the dregs of a decoction and liquid, the dregs of a decoction and liquid are spare;
S2, it after step S1 Chinese medicine slag naturally dries, will be placed in baking oven and be dried to moisture less than after 2%, be placed in powder It crushes in broken machine, after crushing, is mixed into plant ash according to weight proportion, be Chinese medicine batch mixing after stirring evenly;
(2) water plant is planted:In pond bottom position, higher position plants rye grass, and barnyard grass, the rye grass are planted by low-lying place Planting conditions be:Annual late March to mid-April, the highest temperature of continuous 6 days starts to plant when reaching 16 DEG C, described The planting conditions of barnyard grass are:Annual April, the highest temperature are planted when being more than 15 DEG C, and the rye grass and barnyard grass grow to 6cm Gao Shi pours water into pond, until water level is less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass, and is constantly grown with rye grass and barnyard grass, no Break and water is added into pond, remain water level less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass;
(3) seed is launched:In annual the first tenday period of a month in May, shrimp species are launched into pond;Annual early June to early August launches fish Kind;
(4) bait is fed:Annual early June throws to powder bait, feeding rate 3% is launched between early July into pond Bait frequency is 4 times/day, and early July to early August launches broken material bait, feeding rate 4.5%, and bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day; It is caught completely to fishes and shrimps mid-August and granular bait for fish is launched during finishing, feeding rate 5%, bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;The powder It is 34% to expect the crude protein content in bait, and the crude protein content of broken material bait is 27%, and the crude protein in granular bait for fish contains It is 29% to measure, and the powder bait, particle bait, granular bait for fish are mixed in step (1) before dispensing in S1 operating procedures Liquid, incorporation standard are that liquid 24mL is mixed in every kilogram of bait.
(5) water quality management:The pH of aqueous solution in pool is controlled as 8.0, dissolved oxygen content is more than 5mg/L, in breeding process Microorganism improver of water quality was launched into pond every 15 days, the microorganism improver of water quality is bacillus subtilis or EM bacterium One or both of Mixed Microbes;
(6) protection management:Protection management includes anti-escape processing, patrols pool observation, disease control.
Wherein, the application rate of rye grass is 0.5Kg/667m in the step (2)2, sown area accounts for the pond gross area 20%, the application rate of the barnyard grass is 1.0Kg/667m2, sown area accounts for the 40% of the pond gross area.
Wherein, shrimp species are launched, and throw-in density is before launching after 2% saline solution immersion treatment 5min in step (3) 5000/667m2, the fingerling is launched before launching after 1% saline solution immersion treatment 3min, and throw-in density is 2.2 ten thousand Tail/667m2
Wherein, the throw-in density of microorganism improver of water quality is 20g/667m in the step (4)2
Wherein, the bait feeding patterns in the step (4) be using device for feeding fish bait fixed point feed, feed frequency for 4 times/ My god, Feeding time is respectively 8:00-9:00、12:00-13:00、15:00-16:00、18:00-19:00.
Wherein, the fingerling in step (3) for silver carp fingerling, Variegated, Grass carp, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling, crucian kind, the silver carp The throw-in density of fingerling is 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, Variegated throw-in density be 0.2 ten thousand tails/667m2, Grass carp throw-in density For 0.5 ten thousand tails/667m2, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling throw-in density be 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, crucian kind throw-in density for 0.2 ten thousand tails/ 667m2
It should be noted that herein, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any this practical relationship or sequence.Moreover, term " comprising ", "comprising" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements not only will including those Element, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed or further include as this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited including sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that Also there are other identical elements in the process, method, article or apparatus that includes the element.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations, although with reference to the foregoing embodiments The present invention is described in detail, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:It still can be to aforementioned each implementation Technical solution recorded in example modifies or carries out equivalent replacement to which part technical characteristic;And these modification or It replaces, the spirit and scope for various embodiments of the present invention technical solution that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. cray fingerling pond alternate culture method, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
    (1) pond pre-processes:It to pond bottom dredging, is exposed to the sun, after pond bottom many places are put into honeycomb brick, pond bottom is uniformly spread Enter Chinese medicine batch mixing, the Chinese medicine batch mixing is made of the raw material of following parts by weight:10-15 parts of rheum officinale, 12-14 parts of radix scutellariae, coptis 2-6 Part, 2-5 parts of China tree, 2-5 parts of Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, 2-4 parts of kuh-seng, 1-3 parts of solanum lyratum, 2-5 parts of folium isatidis, 2-4 parts of honeysuckle, ginger 2- 4 parts, 2-3 parts of the Chinese bulbul, 2-4 parts of peppermint, 600-700 parts of plant ash;The preparation method of the Chinese medicine batch mixing includes the following steps:
    S1, according to the weight proportion of above-mentioned Chinese medicine batch mixing by rheum officinale, radix scutellariae, the coptis, China tree, Herba Euphorbiae Humifusae, kuh-seng, solanum lyratum, big Leafiness, honeysuckle, ginger, the Chinese bulbul, peppermint are placed in medicine pot, add in 2500-3000 parts of water, after boiling 3-4h, are passed through Filter, obtains the dregs of a decoction and liquid, the dregs of a decoction and liquid are spare;
    S2, it after step S1 Chinese medicine slag naturally dries, will be placed in baking oven and be dried to moisture less than after 2%, be placed in pulverizer Plant ash after crushing, is mixed by middle crushing according to weight proportion, is Chinese medicine batch mixing after stirring evenly;
    (2) water plant is planted:In pond bottom position, higher position plants rye grass, and barnyard grass, the kind of the rye grass are planted by low-lying place Plant condition is:Annual late March to mid-April, the highest temperature of continuous 5-7 days is planted when reaching 15-18 DEG C, described The planting conditions of barnyard grass are:Annual April, the highest temperature are planted when being more than 15 DEG C, and the rye grass and barnyard grass grow to 5- It during 7cm high, pours water into pond, until water level is less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass, and is constantly grown with rye grass and barnyard grass, Water is constantly added into pond, remains water level less than at the core leaf of rye grass or barnyard grass;
    (3) seed is launched:In annual the first tenday period of a month in May, shrimp species are launched into pond;Annual early June to early August launches fingerling;
    (4) bait is fed:Annual early June is to dispensing powder bait, feeding rate 3-4%, bait throwing in into pond between early July Frequency is 4 times/day, and early July to early August launches broken material bait, feeding rate 4-5%, and bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;8 The middle of the month catches completely to fishes and shrimps finishes period dispensing granular bait for fish, and feeding rate 5-6%, bait throwing in frequency is 4 times/day;It is described Crude protein content in powder bait is 30-35%, and the crude protein content of broken material bait is 26-28%, in granular bait for fish Crude protein content is 28-30%;The powder bait, particle bait, granular bait for fish mix S1 in step (1) before dispensing and grasp Make the liquid in step, incorporation standard is that liquid 20-25mL is mixed in every kilogram of bait.
    (5) water quality management:The pH of aqueous solution in pool is controlled as 7.2-8.5, dissolved oxygen content is more than 5mg/L, in breeding process Microorganism improver of water quality was launched into pond every 15 days, the microorganism improver of water quality is bacillus subtilis or EM bacterium One or both of Mixed Microbes;
    (6) protection management:Protection management includes anti-escape processing, patrols pool observation, disease control.
  2. 2. alternate culture method in cray fingerling pond according to claim 1, which is characterized in that rye in the step (2) The application rate of grass is 0.5Kg/667m2, sown area accounts for the 20% of the pond gross area, and the application rate of the barnyard grass is 1.0Kg/ 667m2, sown area accounts for the 40% of the pond gross area.
  3. 3. alternate culture method in cray fingerling pond according to claim 1, which is characterized in that shrimp species in the step (3) It is launched after the saline solution immersion treatment 3-5min of 1-3% before launching, and throw-in density is 5000/667m2, the fingerling throwing It is launched after the saline solution immersion treatment 3-5min of 1-3% before putting, and throw-in density is 2.2 ten thousand tails/667m2
  4. 4. alternate culture method in cray fingerling pond according to claim 1, which is characterized in that micro- life in the step (4) The throw-in density of object improver of water quality is 20g/667m2
  5. 5. alternate culture method in cray fingerling pond according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the bait in the step (4) Material feeding patterns are to be fed using device for feeding fish bait fixed point, and it is 4 times/day to feed frequency, and Feeding time is respectively 8:00-9:00、12: 00-13:00、15:00-16:00、18:00-19:00。
  6. 6. alternate culture method in cray fingerling pond according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fish in the step (3) Kind for silver carp fingerling, Variegated, Grass carp, megalobrama amblycephala fingerling, crucian kind, the throw-in density of the silver carp kind for 0.1 ten thousand tails/ 667m2, Variegated throw-in density be 0.2 ten thousand tails/667m2, Grass carp throw-in density be 0.5 ten thousand tails/667m2, blunt-snout gurnards The throw-in density of kind is 0.1 ten thousand tails/667m2, crucian kind throw-in density be 0.2 ten thousand tails/667m2
CN201810209553.6A 2018-03-14 2018-03-14 A kind of cray fingerling pond alternate culture method Pending CN108184737A (en)

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