CN109439032A - Shell particles and preparation method thereof, coating with shell particles and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Shell particles and preparation method thereof, coating with shell particles and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109439032A
CN109439032A CN201811231813.6A CN201811231813A CN109439032A CN 109439032 A CN109439032 A CN 109439032A CN 201811231813 A CN201811231813 A CN 201811231813A CN 109439032 A CN109439032 A CN 109439032A
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parts
shell particles
shell
coating
oxide
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纪烈军
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Guotou Xingye (beijing) Engineering Construction Co Ltd
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Guotou Xingye (beijing) Engineering Construction Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D5/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced; Filling pastes
    • C09D5/32Radiation-absorbing paints
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01FCOMPOUNDS OF THE METALS BERYLLIUM, MAGNESIUM, ALUMINIUM, CALCIUM, STRONTIUM, BARIUM, RADIUM, THORIUM, OR OF THE RARE-EARTH METALS
    • C01F11/00Compounds of calcium, strontium, or barium
    • C01F11/02Oxides or hydroxides
    • C01F11/04Oxides or hydroxides by thermal decomposition
    • C01F11/06Oxides or hydroxides by thermal decomposition of carbonates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D1/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, based on inorganic substances
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/20Diluents or solvents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/60Additives non-macromolecular
    • C09D7/61Additives non-macromolecular inorganic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/66Additives characterised by particle size
    • C09D7/67Particle size smaller than 100 nm
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/66Additives characterised by particle size
    • C09D7/69Particle size larger than 1000 nm

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of shell particles and preparation method thereof, the coating with shell particles and preparation method thereof.The shell particles are crushed by scallop shell and/or mussel shell, and the surface of the shell particles has porous structure.The preparation method of shell particles first crushes scallop shell and/or mussel shell to form shell particles, then carries out calcination processing to shell particles.Coating with shell particles, including coating, the coating have shell particles.The preparation method of coating with shell particles is each component to be uniformly first mixed to get powder mixture in proportion, then diluted powder mixture with deionized water, finally obtains the coating with shell particles.The present invention can effectively absorb ultraviolet light, indoor light can be made soft and not dim, will not generate damage to cornea, moreover, do not pollute the environment, it will not be carcinogenic people touch the coating made of shell particles, meanwhile the production cost of coating can be substantially reduced.

Description

Shell particles and preparation method thereof, coating with shell particles and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of particles and preparation method thereof, the coating with the powder and preparation method thereof, more particularly to A kind of shell particles and preparation method thereof, coating with shell particles and preparation method thereof.
Background technique
In the prior art, if after indoor wall brushed using reflective lower inorganic interior wall coating, indoor wall Light can be absorbed, in this way, then indoor light can be made dim, and then is made us not feeling good and increase with eye degree, people locate for a long time In dim environment sizable damage can be caused to eyes.In turn, if indoor wall is using reflective higher inorganic After interior wall coating is brushed, indoor wall can reflect ultraviolet light, in this way, then indoor light can be made very dazzling, can equally make us The tensity of eye is not felt good and increases, people, which are chronically in dazzling environment, can damage cornea.Currently on the market Coating, the overwhelming majority only focus on environmental protection, but have ignored to human body eyesight bring damage.
Traditional organic coating is usually to add the organic chemistry materials such as Benzophenone class and benzotriazole to absorb purple to reach The effect of UV light, still, this type organic are typically easy to decompose, and finally, pollute the environment, if people touch it is this kind of organic Object is probably carcinogenic.
Summary of the invention
The invention solves first technical problem be to provide a kind of shell particles, the coating made of the shell particles After brushing to indoor wall, indoor wall can not only effectively absorb ultraviolet light, indoor light can be made soft and not confused Secretly, damage will not be generated to cornea, moreover, not polluting the environment, even if people touch the coating made of shell particles Will not be carcinogenic, meanwhile, the production cost of coating can be substantially reduced.
The invention solves second technical problem be to provide the preparation methods of shell particles a kind of, with the shell particles Preparation method made of after shell particles are put into coating and brush to indoor wall, indoor wall not only can be effectively Ultraviolet light is absorbed, indoor light can be made soft and not dim, damage will not be generated to cornea, moreover, do not pollute the environment, Will not be carcinogenic people touch the coating made of shell particles, meanwhile, the production cost of coating can be substantially reduced.
The invention solves third technical problem be to provide a kind of coating with shell particles, there is shell with this After the coating of particle brushes indoor wall, indoor wall can not only effectively absorb ultraviolet light, can make indoor light It is soft and not dim, damage will not be generated to cornea, moreover, not polluting the environment, even if people touch by shell particles Manufactured coating will not be carcinogenic, meanwhile, the production cost of coating can be substantially reduced.
The invention solves the 4th technical problem be to provide a kind of preparation method for coating with shell particles, with this After coating made of method with shell particles brushes indoor wall, indoor wall can not only effectively absorb ultraviolet Light can make indoor light soft and not dim, damage will not be generated to cornea, moreover, not polluting the environment, even if people Touching the coating made of shell particles will not be carcinogenic, meanwhile, the production cost of coating can be substantially reduced.
For particle, in order to solve above-mentioned first technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of shell particles, the shellfish Shell particle is crushed by scallop shell and/or mussel shell, and the partial size of the shell particles is 0.5mm~1.5mm, the shell The surface of particle has porous structure.
The partial size of the shell particles is 1mm.
The aperture of the shell particles surface porosity is nanoscale aperture.
Shell particles of the invention have the advantages that compared with prior art.
1, the technical program due to using the shell particles is crushed by scallop shell and/or mussel shell, described The partial size of shell particles is 0.5mm~1.5mm, and the surface of the shell particles has the technological means of porous structure, shell The structure of grain is the cave-shaped double helix structure of unique porous fibre, that is, has porous structure, can be by the dioxy of nanostructure Change titanium (anatase, rutile good absorption effect) TiO2, zinc oxide ZnO, iron oxide Fe2O3With silica SiO2It is added to micro- Hole (these nano raw material prices are less expensive, environmentally friendly relative to organic light stabilizer), to reach to ultraviolet absorption, is played The effect of eyesight is protected, so, after the coating made of the shell particles brushes indoor wall, indoor wall not only can Ultraviolet light is effectively absorbed, indoor light can be made soft and not dim, damage will not be generated to cornea, moreover, will not be dirty Environment is contaminated, will not be carcinogenic people touch the coating made of shell particles, meanwhile, the production of coating can be substantially reduced Cost.
2, the technical program is due to using the partial size of the shell particles as the technological means of 1mm, so, painting obtained After material is brushed to indoor wall, indoor wall is more smooth than imitating.
3, the technical program is due to using the aperture of the shell particles surface porosity as the skill in nanoscale aperture Art means, so, to titanium dioxide (anatase, rutile good absorption effect) TiO2, zinc oxide ZnO, iron oxide Fe2O3With two Silicon oxide sio2Adsorption effect it is preferable.
For the production method of particle, in order to solve above-mentioned second technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of shells The preparation method of particle first crushes scallop shell and/or mussel shell to form shell particles, then carries out at calcining to shell particles Reason, then, makes shell particles naturally cool to room temperature.
Before being crushed scallop shell and/or mussel shell and to form shell particles, first by scallop shell and/or mussel shell with 3% The hydrochloric acid of (weight percent) concentration is cleaned.
At a temperature of drying by the scallop shell after cleaning and/or mussel shell at 104 DEG C again.
Drying time is two hours.
Then, by after drying scallop shell and/or mussel shell cool down.
The type of cooling is natural cooling.
It is cooled to room temperature always.
It is high speed disintegrator that scallop shell and/or mussel shell, which are crushed, and to form the machinery of shell particles.
Scallop shell and/or mussel shell are ground to the shell particles of 0.5mm~1.5mm by high speed disintegrator.
Shell particles, which are placed in high temperature Muffle furnace, carries out calcination processing.
The maximum heating temperature of high temperature Muffle furnace is 1400 DEG C.
The step of carrying out calcination processing to shell particles is:
(a) under normal temperature conditions, 360 DEG C are warming up to the heating rate of 3 DEG C/min, the calcining at constant temperature at 360 DEG C 60min。
(b) 900 DEG C are warming up to the heating rate of 1 DEG C/min again, and calcining at constant temperature 40-70min at such a temperature.
(c) then, 1300 DEG C are warming up to the heating rate of 1 DEG C/min, at such a temperature calcining at constant temperature 40-50min.
The preparation method of shell particles of the present invention has the advantages that compared with prior art.
1, the technical program first crushes scallop shell and/or mussel shell to form shell particles due to using, then to shell Then particle, which carries out calcination processing, makes shell particles naturally cool to the technological means of room temperature, so, with the shell particles After shell particles made of preparation method are put into coating and brush to indoor wall, indoor wall not only can effectively be inhaled Ultraviolet light is received, indoor light can be made soft and not dim, damage will not be generated to cornea, moreover, not polluting the environment, i.e., So that people is touched the coating made of shell particles will not be carcinogenic, meanwhile, the production cost of coating can be substantially reduced.
2, the technical program first will due to using before crushing scallop shell and/or mussel shell and to form shell particles The hydrochloric acid of 3% (weight percent) concentration of scallop shell and/or mussel shell is cleaned;Again by the scallop shell after cleaning and/or mussel At a temperature of drying of the shell at 104 DEG C;Drying time is two hours;Then, by after drying scallop shell and/or mussel shell carry out it is cold But;The type of cooling is natural cooling;It is cooled to the technological means of room temperature always, so, the shell particles quality of production can be proposed significantly.
3, the technical program is due to being high speed using scallop shell and/or mussel shell to be crushed to the machinery to form shell particles The technological means of pulverizer, so, crush efficiency can be mentioned significantly.
4, the technical program due to use by high speed disintegrator by scallop shell and/or mussel shell be ground to 0.5mm~ The technological means of the shell particles of 1.5mm, so, it can be ensured that the uniformity of shell particles.
5, the technical program carries out calcination processing due to being placed in high temperature Muffle furnace using shell particles;High temperature Muffle furnace Maximum heating temperature be 1400 DEG C of technological means, so, it can be ensured that the calcined mass of shell particles.
6, the technical program is due to using the step of carrying out calcination processing to shell particles: (a) under normal temperature conditions, 360 DEG C are warming up to the heating rate of 3 DEG C/min, the calcining at constant temperature 60min at 360 DEG C;(b) again with the heating speed of 1 DEG C/min Rate is warming up to 900 DEG C, and calcining at constant temperature 40-70min at such a temperature;(c) then, it is warming up to the heating rate of 1 DEG C/min 1300 DEG C, the technological means of calcining at constant temperature 40-50min at such a temperature, so, nanoscale can be formed on the surface of shell particles Porous structure.
For coating, in order to solve above-mentioned third technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of with shell particles Coating, including coating, the coating have a shell particles, the shell particles be with method as elucidated before be prepared into as preceding Shell particles described in face.
The coating includes following component:
Deionized water,
Aluminium oxide,
Copper oxide,
Calcium oxide,
Coupling agent,
Surfactant,
Nano-tourmaline powder,
Nano iron oxide,
Dispersing agent,
Zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
Talcum powder,
Defoaming agent.
The content range of each component is as follows in the shell particles and coating:
90 parts -210 parts of shell particles,
50 parts -80 parts of deionized water,
1 part -2 parts of aluminium oxide,
1 part -3 parts of copper oxide,
2 parts -4 parts of calcium oxide,
3 parts -4 parts of coupling agent,
2 parts -3 parts of surfactant,
5 parts -7 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
1 part -2 parts of nano iron oxide,
2 parts -3 parts of dispersing agent,
1 part -3 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
1 part -3 parts of talcum powder,
1 part -2 parts of defoaming agent.
The content of each component is as follows in the shell particles and coating:
90 parts of shell particles,
80 parts of deionized water,
1 part of aluminium oxide,
3 parts of copper oxide,
2 parts of calcium oxide,
4 parts of coupling agent,
2 parts of surfactant,
7 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
1 part of nano iron oxide,
3 parts of dispersing agent,
1 part of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
3 parts of talcum powder,
1 part of defoaming agent.
Or in the shell particles and coating each component content it is as follows:
210 parts of shell particles,
50 parts of deionized water,
2 parts of aluminium oxide,
1 part of copper oxide,
4 parts of calcium oxide,
3 parts of coupling agent,
3 parts of surfactant,
5 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
2 parts of nano iron oxide,
2 parts of dispersing agent,
3 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
1 part of talcum powder,
2 parts of defoaming agent.
Alternatively, the content of each component is as follows in the shell particles and coating:
150 parts of shell particles,
65 parts of deionized water,
1.5 parts of aluminium oxide,
2 parts of copper oxide,
3 parts of calcium oxide,
3.5 parts of coupling agent,
2.5 parts of surfactant,
6 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
1.5 parts of nano iron oxide,
2.5 parts of dispersing agent,
2 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
2 parts of talcum powder,
1.5 parts of defoaming agent.
Zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder partial size is 10nm-60nm.
Wherein,
The partial size of zinc oxide is 30nm-60nm.
The partial size of titanium dioxide is 10nm-30nm.
The partial size of zinc oxide is 43nm.
The partial size of titanium dioxide is 21nm.
Nano iron oxide Fe2O3(SP 808W) is starched for transparent ferric oxide green.
There is the present invention coating of shell particles to have the advantages that compared with prior art.
1, the technical program has shell particles due to using the coating, and the shell particles are with as elucidated before The technological means for the shell particles as elucidated before that method is prepared into, so, with the coating with shell particles to interior After wall is brushed, indoor wall can not only effectively absorb ultraviolet light, indoor light can be made soft and not dim, will not Damage is generated to cornea, moreover, not polluting the environment, will not be caused people touch the coating made of shell particles Cancer, meanwhile, the production cost of coating can be substantially reduced.
2, the technical program includes following component due to using the coating: deionized water, aluminium oxide, copper oxide, oxygen Change calcium, coupling agent, surfactant, nano-tourmaline powder, nano iron oxide, dispersing agent, zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder The technological means of body, talcum powder, defoaming agent, so, brushing fastness is good.
3, the technical program due to the content range for using each component in the shell particles and coating it is as follows: shell 90 parts -210 parts of grain, 50 parts -80 parts of deionized water, 1 part -2 parts of aluminium oxide, 1 part -3 parts of copper oxide, 2 parts -4 parts of calcium oxide, coupling 3 parts -4 parts of agent, 2 parts -3 parts of surfactant, 5 parts -7 parts of nano-tourmaline powder, 1 part -2 parts of nano iron oxide, dispersing agent 2 Parts -3 parts, the technological means of 1 part -3 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, 1 part -3 parts of talcum powder, 1 part -2 parts of defoaming agent, So brushing fastness is more preferable.
4, the technical program due to the content for using each component in the shell particles and coating it is as follows: shell particles 90 Part, 80 parts of deionized water, 1 part of aluminium oxide, 3 parts of copper oxide, 2 parts of calcium oxide, 4 parts of coupling agent, 2 part, nanometer electricity of surfactant 7 parts of gas mountain flour body, 1 part of nano iron oxide, 3 parts of dispersing agent, 1 part of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, 3 parts of talcum powder, defoaming The technological means that 1 part of agent, so, brushing fastness is fine.
5, the technical program due to the content for using each component in the shell particles and coating it is as follows: shell particles 210 parts, 50 parts of deionized water, 2 parts of aluminium oxide, 1 part of copper oxide, 4 parts of calcium oxide, 3 parts of coupling agent, surfactant 3 part, nanometer 5 parts of tourmaline powder, 2 parts of dispersing agent, 3 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, 1 part of talcum powder, disappears at 2 parts of nano iron oxide The technological means that 2 parts of infusion, so, brushing fastness is fine.
6, the technical program due to the content for using each component in the shell particles and coating it is as follows: shell particles 150 parts, 65 parts of deionized water, 1.5 parts of aluminium oxide, 2 parts of copper oxide, 3 parts of calcium oxide, 3.5 parts of coupling agent, surfactant 2.5 Part, 6 parts of nano-tourmaline powder, 1.5 parts of nano iron oxide, 2.5 parts of dispersing agent, 2 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, The technological means of 2 parts of talcum powder, 1.5 parts of defoaming agent, so, brushing fastness is best.
7, the technical program is due to using zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder partial size as the technology of 10nm-60nm Means, so, it can be ensured that zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder can be attracted in the porous structure of shell particles.
8, the technical program is due to using the partial size of zinc oxide as 30nm-60nm;The partial size of titanium dioxide is 10nm- The technological means of 30nm, so, zinc oxide and titanium dioxide are easier to be attached in the porous structure of shell particles.
9, the technical program is due to using the partial size of zinc oxide as 43nm;The partial size of titanium dioxide is the technology hand of 21nm Section, so, zinc oxide and titanium dioxide are easiest to be attached in the porous structure of shell particles.
10, the technical program is due to using nano iron oxide Fe2O3The skill of (SP 808W) is starched for transparent ferric oxide green Art means, so, it is more advantageous to protection eyes.
For the preparation method of coating, in order to solve above-mentioned 4th technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of as before Described in face with shell particles coating preparation method, first by shell particles, aluminium oxide, copper oxide, calcium oxide, coupling agent, Surfactant, nano iron oxide, dispersing agent, zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, talcum powder, disappears at nano-tourmaline powder Infusion is uniformly mixed to get powder mixture in proportion, then is diluted powder mixture with deionized water, finally obtains with shellfish The coating of shell particle.
It is stirred while being diluted powder mixture with deionized water.
There is the present invention preparation method of the coating of shell particles to have the advantages that compared with prior art.
1, the technical program is first living by shell particles, aluminium oxide, copper oxide, calcium oxide, coupling agent, surface due to using Property agent, nano-tourmaline powder, nano iron oxide, dispersing agent, zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, talcum powder, defoaming agent are pressed Ratio uniform is mixed to get powder mixture, then is diluted powder mixture with deionized water, finally obtains with shell particles Coating technological means, so, made of this method with shell particles coating indoor wall is brushed after, room Interior walls can not only effectively absorb ultraviolet light, indoor light can be made soft and not dim, will not generate damage to cornea, Moreover, do not pollute the environment, it will not be carcinogenic people touch the coating made of shell particles, meanwhile, it can drop significantly The production cost of prepared paint.
2, the technical program is due to using the skill being stirred while being diluted powder mixture with deionized water Art means, so, the quality of production of coating can be proposed significantly.
Specific embodiment
The present invention provides a kind of shell particles, the shell particles are crushed by scallop shell and/or mussel shell, institute The partial size for stating shell particles is 0.5mm~1.5mm, and the surface of the shell particles has porous structure.
Present embodiment due to using the shell particles is crushed by scallop shell and/or mussel shell, the shellfish The partial size of shell particle is 0.5mm~1.5mm, and the surface of the shell particles has the technological means of porous structure, shell particles Structure be the cave-shaped double helix structure of unique porous fibre, that is, have porous structure, can be by the titanium dioxide of nanostructure Titanium (anatase, rutile good absorption effect) TiO2, zinc oxide ZnO, iron oxide Fe2O3With silica SiO2It is added to micropore (these nano raw material prices are less expensive, environmentally friendly relative to organic light stabilizer), to reach to ultraviolet absorption, plays guarantor The effect of eyesight is protected, so, after the coating made of the shell particles brushes indoor wall, indoor wall can not only have Effect ground absorbs ultraviolet light, indoor light can be made soft and not dim, damage will not be generated to cornea, moreover, will not pollute Environment, will not be carcinogenic people touch the coating made of shell particles, meanwhile, being produced into for coating can be substantially reduced This.The effect of shell particles is: for water absorption rate up to 75%, house can discharge moisture when dry, can purify air, discharge negative oxygen from Son.Since the raw material of shell particles are giant clams, giant clam calcic is high, and toning does not have to color essence, can not no chemical materials toxin.
As the various improvement of present embodiment, details are as follows.
The partial size of the shell particles is 1mm.
Present embodiment due to using the partial size of the shell particles as the technological means of 1mm, so, coating obtained After being brushed to indoor wall, indoor wall is more smooth than imitating.
The aperture of the shell particles surface porosity is nanoscale aperture.
Present embodiment is due to using the aperture of the shell particles surface porosity as the technology in nanoscale aperture Means, so, to titanium dioxide (anatase, rutile good absorption effect) TiO2, zinc oxide ZnO, iron oxide Fe2O3And dioxy SiClx SiO2Adsorption effect it is preferable.
Present embodiments provide for a kind of preparation methods of shell particles, first crush scallop shell and/or mussel shell to be formed Shell particles, then then carrying out calcination processing to shell particles makes shell particles naturally cool to room temperature.
Present embodiment first crushes scallop shell and/or mussel shell to form shell particles due to using, then to shell Then grain, which carries out calcination processing, makes shell particles naturally cool to the technological means of room temperature, so, with the system of the shell particles After shell particles made of Preparation Method are put into coating and brush to indoor wall, indoor wall can not only be effectively absorbed Ultraviolet light can make indoor light soft and not dim, will not generate damage to cornea, moreover, do not pollute the environment, even if People touch the coating made of shell particles will not be carcinogenic, meanwhile, the production cost of coating can be substantially reduced.
As the various improvement of present embodiment, details are as follows.
Before being crushed scallop shell and/or mussel shell and to form shell particles, first by scallop shell and/or mussel shell with 3% The hydrochloric acid of (weight percent) concentration is cleaned.
At a temperature of drying by the scallop shell after cleaning and/or mussel shell at 104 DEG C again.
Drying time is two hours.
Then, by after drying scallop shell and/or mussel shell cool down.
The type of cooling is natural cooling.
It is cooled to room temperature always.
Present embodiment, first will fan due to using before crushing scallop shell and/or mussel shell and to form shell particles The hydrochloric acid of 3% (weight percent) concentration of shell and/or mussel shell is cleaned;Again by scallop shell and/or mussel shell after cleaning In 104 DEG C of at a temperature of drying;Drying time is two hours;Then, by after drying scallop shell and/or mussel shell carry out it is cold But;The type of cooling is natural cooling;It is cooled to the technological means of room temperature always, so, the shell particles quality of production can be proposed significantly.
It is high speed disintegrator that scallop shell and/or mussel shell, which are crushed, and to form the machinery of shell particles.
Scallop shell and/or mussel shell are crushed that form the machinery of shell particles be high speed powder due to using by present embodiment The technological means of broken machine, so, crush efficiency can be mentioned significantly.
Scallop shell and/or mussel shell are ground to the shell particles of 0.5mm~1.5mm by high speed disintegrator.
Present embodiment due to use by high speed disintegrator by scallop shell and/or mussel shell be ground to 0.5mm~ The technological means of the shell particles of 1.5mm, so, it can be ensured that the uniformity of shell particles.
Shell particles, which are placed in high temperature Muffle furnace, carries out calcination processing.
The maximum heating temperature of high temperature Muffle furnace is 1400 DEG C.
Present embodiment carries out calcination processing due to being placed in high temperature Muffle furnace using shell particles;High temperature Muffle furnace The technological means that maximum heating temperature is 1400 DEG C, so, it can be ensured that the calcined mass of shell particles.
The step of carrying out calcination processing to shell particles is:
(a) under normal temperature conditions, 360 DEG C are warming up to the heating rate of 3 DEG C/min, the calcining at constant temperature at 360 DEG C 60min。
(b) 900 DEG C are warming up to the heating rate of 1 DEG C/min again, and calcining at constant temperature 40-70min at such a temperature.
(c) then, 1300 DEG C are warming up to the heating rate of 1 DEG C/min, at such a temperature calcining at constant temperature 40-50min.
Present embodiment is due to using the step of carrying out calcination processing to shell particles: (a) under normal temperature conditions, with The heating rate of 3 DEG C/min is warming up to 360 DEG C, the calcining at constant temperature 60min at 360 DEG C;(b) again with the heating rate of 1 DEG C/min 900 DEG C are warming up to, and calcining at constant temperature 40-70min at such a temperature;(c) then, it is warming up to the heating rate of 1 DEG C/min 1300 DEG C, the technological means of calcining at constant temperature 40-50min at such a temperature, so, nanoscale can be formed on the surface of shell particles Porous structure.
Present embodiments provide for a kind of coating with shell particles, including coating, the coating has shell particles, institute Stating shell particles is the shell particles as elucidated before being prepared into method as elucidated before.
Present embodiment has shell particles due to using the coating, and the shell particles are use sides as elucidated before The technological means for the shell particles as elucidated before that method is prepared into, so, with the coating with shell particles to indoor wall After wall is brushed, indoor wall can not only effectively absorb ultraviolet light, indoor light can be made soft and not dim, will not be right Cornea generates damage, moreover, not polluting the environment, will not cause people touch the coating made of shell particles Cancer, meanwhile, the production cost of coating can be substantially reduced.
As the various improvement of present embodiment, details are as follows.
The coating includes following component:
Deionized water,
Aluminium oxide,
Copper oxide,
Calcium oxide,
Coupling agent,
Surfactant,
Nano-tourmaline powder,
Nano iron oxide,
Dispersing agent,
Zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
Talcum powder,
Defoaming agent.
Present embodiment includes following component due to using the coating: deionized water, aluminium oxide, copper oxide, oxidation Calcium, coupling agent, surfactant, nano-tourmaline powder, nano iron oxide, dispersing agent, zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder The technological means of body, talcum powder, defoaming agent, so, brushing fastness is good.
The content range of each component is as follows in the shell particles and coating:
90 parts -210 parts of shell particles,
50 parts -80 parts of deionized water,
1 part -2 parts of aluminium oxide,
1 part -3 parts of copper oxide,
2 parts -4 parts of calcium oxide,
3 parts -4 parts of coupling agent,
2 parts -3 parts of surfactant,
5 parts -7 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
1 part -2 parts of nano iron oxide,
2 parts -3 parts of dispersing agent,
1 part -3 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
1 part -3 parts of talcum powder,
1 part -2 parts of defoaming agent.
Present embodiment is as follows due to the content range for using each component in the shell particles and coating: shell particles 90 parts -210 parts, 50 parts -80 parts of deionized water, 1 part -2 parts of aluminium oxide, 1 part -3 parts of copper oxide, 2 parts -4 parts of calcium oxide, coupling agent 3 parts -4 parts, 2 parts -3 parts of surfactant, 5 parts -7 parts of nano-tourmaline powder, 1 part -2 parts of nano iron oxide, 2 part -3 of dispersing agent Part, the technological means of 1 part -3 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, 1 part -3 parts of talcum powder, 1 part -2 parts of defoaming agent, so, Brushing fastness is more preferable.
The content of each component is as follows in the shell particles and coating:
90 parts of shell particles,
80 parts of deionized water,
1 part of aluminium oxide,
3 parts of copper oxide,
2 parts of calcium oxide,
4 parts of coupling agent,
2 parts of surfactant,
7 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
1 part of nano iron oxide,
3 parts of dispersing agent,
1 part of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
3 parts of talcum powder,
1 part of defoaming agent.
Present embodiment is as follows due to the content for using each component in the shell particles and coating: shell particles 90 Part, 80 parts of deionized water, 1 part of aluminium oxide, 3 parts of copper oxide, 2 parts of calcium oxide, 4 parts of coupling agent, 2 part, nanometer electricity of surfactant 7 parts of gas mountain flour body, 1 part of nano iron oxide, 3 parts of dispersing agent, 1 part of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, 3 parts of talcum powder, defoaming The technological means that 1 part of agent, so, brushing fastness is fine.
The content of each component is as follows in the shell particles and coating:
210 parts of shell particles,
50 parts of deionized water,
2 parts of aluminium oxide,
1 part of copper oxide,
4 parts of calcium oxide,
3 parts of coupling agent,
3 parts of surfactant,
5 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
2 parts of nano iron oxide,
2 parts of dispersing agent,
3 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
1 part of talcum powder,
2 parts of defoaming agent.
Present embodiment is as follows due to the content for using each component in the shell particles and coating: shell particles 210 Part, 50 parts of deionized water, 2 parts of aluminium oxide, 1 part of copper oxide, 4 parts of calcium oxide, 3 parts of coupling agent, 3 part, nanometer electricity of surfactant 5 parts of gas mountain flour body, 2 parts of nano iron oxide, 2 parts of dispersing agent, 3 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, 1 part of talcum powder, defoaming The technological means that 2 parts of agent, so, brushing fastness is fine.
The content of each component is as follows in the shell particles and coating:
150 parts of shell particles,
65 parts of deionized water,
1.5 parts of aluminium oxide,
2 parts of copper oxide,
3 parts of calcium oxide,
3.5 parts of coupling agent,
2.5 parts of surfactant,
6 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
1.5 parts of nano iron oxide,
2.5 parts of dispersing agent,
2 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
2 parts of talcum powder,
1.5 parts of defoaming agent.
Present embodiment is as follows due to the content for using each component in the shell particles and coating: shell particles 150 Part, 65 parts of deionized water, 1.5 parts of aluminium oxide, 2 parts of copper oxide, 3 parts of calcium oxide, 3.5 parts of coupling agent, 2.5 parts of surfactant, 6 parts of nano-tourmaline powder, 1.5 parts of nano iron oxide, 2.5 parts of dispersing agent, 2 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, talcum The technological means of 2 parts of powder, 1.5 parts of defoaming agent, so, brushing fastness is best.
Zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder partial size is 10nm-60nm.
Present embodiment is due to using zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder partial size as the technology hand of 10nm-60nm Section, so, it can be ensured that zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder can be attracted in the porous structure of shell particles.
The partial size of zinc oxide is 30nm-60nm.
The partial size of titanium dioxide is 10nm-30nm.
Present embodiment is due to using the partial size of zinc oxide as 30nm-60nm;The partial size of titanium dioxide is 10nm-30nm Technological means, so, zinc oxide and titanium dioxide are easier to be attached in the porous structure of shell particles.
The partial size of zinc oxide is 43nm.
The partial size of titanium dioxide is 21nm.
Present embodiment is due to using the partial size of zinc oxide as 43nm;The partial size of titanium dioxide is the technology hand of 21nm Section, so, zinc oxide and titanium dioxide are easiest to be attached in the porous structure of shell particles.
Nano iron oxide Fe2O3(SP 808W) is starched for transparent ferric oxide green.
Present embodiment is due to using nano iron oxide Fe2O3The technology hand of (SP 808W) is starched for transparent ferric oxide green Section, so, it is more advantageous to protection eyes.
Present embodiments provide for a kind of preparation methods of coating with shell particles as previously described, first by shell Grain, aluminium oxide, copper oxide, calcium oxide, coupling agent, surfactant, nano-tourmaline powder, nano iron oxide, dispersing agent, oxygen Change zinc-titanium dioxide composite powder, talcum powder, defoaming agent to be uniformly mixed to get powder mixture in proportion, then use deionized water Powder mixture is diluted, the coating with shell particles is finally obtained.
Present embodiment is due to using first by shell particles, aluminium oxide, copper oxide, calcium oxide, coupling agent, surface-active Agent, nano-tourmaline powder, nano iron oxide, dispersing agent, zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, talcum powder, defoaming agent press than Example is uniformly mixed to get powder mixture, then is diluted powder mixture with deionized water, finally obtains with shell particles The technological means of coating, so, it is indoor after the coating made of this method with shell particles brushes indoor wall Wall can not only effectively absorb ultraviolet light, indoor light can be made soft and not dim, and damage will not be generated to cornea, and And do not pollute the environment, it will not be carcinogenic people touch the coating made of shell particles, meanwhile, it can substantially reduce The production cost of coating.
It is stirred while being diluted powder mixture with deionized water.
Present embodiment is due to using the technology being stirred while being diluted powder mixture with deionized water Means, so, the quality of production of coating can be proposed significantly.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of shell particles, it is characterised in that: the shell particles are crushed by scallop shell and/or mussel shell, described The partial size of shell particles is 0.5mm~1.5mm, and the surface of the shell particles has porous structure.
2. shell particles according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The partial size of the shell particles is 1mm;
The aperture of the shell particles surface porosity is nanoscale aperture.
3. a kind of preparation method of shell particles, it is characterised in that: first crush scallop shell and/or mussel shell to form shell Grain, then then carrying out calcination processing to shell particles makes shell particles naturally cool to room temperature.
4. the preparation method of shell particles according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:
Before being crushed scallop shell and/or mussel shell and to form shell particles, first by 3% (weight of scallop shell and/or mussel shell Percentage) concentration hydrochloric acid clean;
At a temperature of drying by the scallop shell after cleaning and/or mussel shell at 104 DEG C again;
Drying time is two hours;
Then, by after drying scallop shell and/or mussel shell cool down;
The type of cooling is natural cooling;
It is cooled to room temperature always;
It is high speed disintegrator that scallop shell and/or mussel shell, which are crushed, and to form the machinery of shell particles;
Scallop shell and/or mussel shell are ground to the shell particles of 0.5mm~1.5mm by high speed disintegrator;
Shell particles, which are placed in high temperature Muffle furnace, carries out calcination processing;
The maximum heating temperature of high temperature Muffle furnace is 1400 DEG C;
The step of carrying out calcination processing to shell particles is:
(a) under normal temperature conditions, 360 DEG C are warming up to the heating rate of 3 DEG C/min, the calcining at constant temperature 60min at 360 DEG C;
(b) 900 DEG C are warming up to the heating rate of 1 DEG C/min again, and calcining at constant temperature 40-70min at such a temperature;
(c) then, 1300 DEG C are warming up to the heating rate of 1 DEG C/min, at such a temperature calcining at constant temperature 40-50min.
5. a kind of coating with shell particles, including coating, it is characterised in that: the coating has shell particles, the shell Particle is the shell particles as claimed in claim 1 or 2 being prepared into the method as claimed in claim 3 or 4.
6. according to claim 5 with the coating of shell particles, it is characterised in that:
The coating includes following component:
Deionized water,
Aluminium oxide,
Copper oxide,
Calcium oxide,
Coupling agent,
Surfactant,
Nano-tourmaline powder,
Nano iron oxide,
Dispersing agent,
Zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
Talcum powder,
Defoaming agent;
The content range of each component is as follows in the shell particles and coating:
90 parts -210 parts of shell particles,
50 parts -80 parts of deionized water,
1 part -2 parts of aluminium oxide,
1 part -3 parts of copper oxide,
2 parts -4 parts of calcium oxide,
3 parts -4 parts of coupling agent,
2 parts -3 parts of surfactant,
5 parts -7 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
1 part -2 parts of nano iron oxide,
2 parts -3 parts of dispersing agent,
1 part -3 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
1 part -3 parts of talcum powder,
1 part -2 parts of defoaming agent;
The content of each component is as follows in the shell particles and coating:
90 parts of shell particles,
80 parts of deionized water,
1 part of aluminium oxide,
3 parts of copper oxide,
2 parts of calcium oxide,
4 parts of coupling agent,
2 parts of surfactant,
7 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
1 part of nano iron oxide,
3 parts of dispersing agent,
1 part of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
3 parts of talcum powder,
1 part of defoaming agent;
Or in the shell particles and coating each component content it is as follows:
210 parts of shell particles,
50 parts of deionized water,
2 parts of aluminium oxide,
1 part of copper oxide,
4 parts of calcium oxide,
3 parts of coupling agent,
3 parts of surfactant,
5 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
2 parts of nano iron oxide,
2 parts of dispersing agent,
3 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
1 part of talcum powder,
2 parts of defoaming agent;
Alternatively, the content of each component is as follows in the shell particles and coating:
150 parts of shell particles,
65 parts of deionized water,
1.5 parts of aluminium oxide,
2 parts of copper oxide,
3 parts of calcium oxide,
3.5 parts of coupling agent,
2.5 parts of surfactant,
6 parts of nano-tourmaline powder,
1.5 parts of nano iron oxide,
2.5 parts of dispersing agent,
2 parts of zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder,
2 parts of talcum powder,
1.5 parts of defoaming agent;
Zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder partial size is 10nm-60nm;
Wherein,
The partial size of zinc oxide is 30nm-60nm;
The partial size of titanium dioxide is 10nm-30nm;
The partial size of zinc oxide is 43nm;
The partial size of titanium dioxide is 21nm;
Nano iron oxide Fe2O3For transparent ferric oxide green slurry.
7. a kind of preparation method of the coating as described in claim 5 or 6 with shell particles, it is characterised in that: first by shell Particle, aluminium oxide, copper oxide, calcium oxide, coupling agent, surfactant, nano-tourmaline powder, nano iron oxide, dispersing agent, Zinc oxide-titanium dioxide composite powder, talcum powder, defoaming agent are uniformly mixed to get powder mixture in proportion, then use deionization Water dilutes powder mixture, finally obtains the coating with shell particles.
8. the preparation method of the coating with shell particles according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:
It is stirred while being diluted powder mixture with deionized water.
CN201811231813.6A 2018-10-22 2018-10-22 Shell particles and preparation method thereof, coating with shell particles and preparation method thereof Pending CN109439032A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110183196A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-08-30 五邑大学 A kind of shell powder paint and preparation method thereof for protecting eyesight
CN110711561A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-01-21 青岛信之然环保材料有限公司 Novel air purification particle containing shell powder and preparation method thereof
CN112812594A (en) * 2021-01-22 2021-05-18 赵永福 Liquid antibacterial flame-retardant mildew-proof shell coating and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106867288A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-06-20 焦英华 A kind of ecological shell powder inorganic nanometer composite coating material
CN108342138A (en) * 2016-04-06 2018-07-31 安溪县智睿电子商务有限公司 A kind of preparation method of modified oyster shell whiting

Patent Citations (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108342138A (en) * 2016-04-06 2018-07-31 安溪县智睿电子商务有限公司 A kind of preparation method of modified oyster shell whiting
CN106867288A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-06-20 焦英华 A kind of ecological shell powder inorganic nanometer composite coating material

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110183196A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-08-30 五邑大学 A kind of shell powder paint and preparation method thereof for protecting eyesight
CN110183196B (en) * 2019-05-15 2021-10-08 五邑大学 Eyesight-protecting shell powder coating and preparation method thereof
CN110711561A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-01-21 青岛信之然环保材料有限公司 Novel air purification particle containing shell powder and preparation method thereof
CN112812594A (en) * 2021-01-22 2021-05-18 赵永福 Liquid antibacterial flame-retardant mildew-proof shell coating and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20190308