CN109380062B - Edible mushroom raw material substrate automatic cycle bagging equipment - Google Patents

Edible mushroom raw material substrate automatic cycle bagging equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109380062B
CN109380062B CN201811447533.9A CN201811447533A CN109380062B CN 109380062 B CN109380062 B CN 109380062B CN 201811447533 A CN201811447533 A CN 201811447533A CN 109380062 B CN109380062 B CN 109380062B
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China
Prior art keywords
bag
feeding
template
discharging
pressing
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CN201811447533.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109380062A (en
Inventor
陈长卿
周顺寅
郑涛
朱建锡
林雪
姚爱萍
黄鹏程
黄东明
张加清
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Jinhua Academy of Agricultural Sciences (Zhejiang Academy of agricultural machinery)
JINHUA BOYANG TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Jinhua Boyang Technology Co ltd
Jinhua Academy Of Agricultural Sciences Zhejiang Academy Of Agricultural Machinery
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Priority to CN201811447533.9A priority Critical patent/CN109380062B/en
Publication of CN109380062A publication Critical patent/CN109380062A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/20Culture media, e.g. compost
    • A01G18/22Apparatus for the preparation of culture media, e.g. bottling devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/60Cultivation rooms; Equipment therefor
    • A01G18/64Cultivation containers; Lids therefor
    • A01G18/66Cultivation bags

Abstract

The invention provides automatic circulating bagging equipment for edible mushroom raw material matrixes, and belongs to the technical field of agricultural automation. It has solved the low scheduling problem of current domestic fungus matrix degree of automation. The bag opening supporting device comprises a rack, a bag feeding device, a rotating device, a core sucking device, a feeding device, a pressing device and a template circulating device, wherein the template circulating device comprises a plurality of templates and a driving assembly for driving the templates to move, a plurality of through holes are formed in the templates, a bag supporting mechanism for supporting the bag opening is arranged at each through hole, each template sequentially passes through the core sucking device, the feeding device and the pressing device under the action of the driving assembly, and the moving track of each template is a vertical rectangular ring. The automatic bag feeding machine has the advantages of capability of circularly carrying out bag feeding, bag supporting, feeding and material pressing, high working efficiency and high automation degree.

Description

Edible mushroom raw material substrate automatic cycle bagging equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural automation, and particularly relates to automatic circulating bagging equipment for an edible mushroom raw material matrix.
Background
The edible fungi are green food which is highly worried about high protein, low fat and dietotherapy in developed countries of Europe, America, Japan and the like all over the world. China is a big country with edible fungi, and the yield accounts for more than 70% of the world, such as: oyster mushroom, needle mushroom, etc. as first-class dish; ganoderma lucidum, tremella and the like have excellent food therapy value, particularly, in recent years, with the development of the technology of edible fungus production science and the innovation of production equipment, the varieties which can be artificially produced reach dozens, and the edible fungi are very important and huge industries which develop rapidly. The edible fungi can be deeply processed, namely frozen food, health food, beauty products, medical products and the like, besides fresh food, and has huge international and domestic market potential and extremely wide development prospect. The edible fungus planting industry is not only the sunrise industry, but also a sustainable development industry.
With the rapid development of the edible fungus industry, the industrial bagging is undergoing the development from semi-automatic to full-automatic production. Although the edible fungus raw material substrates are bagged at present, the equipment has long period, and manual work such as bag opening is required for operators, so that the working efficiency of the equipment is not high.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problem of low automation degree of the conventional edible fungus substrate bagging, and provides automatic circular edible fungus raw material substrate bagging equipment which can circularly carry out bag feeding, bag supporting, feeding and pressing work and has high working efficiency and high automation degree.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
domestic fungus raw materials matrix automatic cycle sack filling equipment, including the frame and set gradually bag feeding device, rotary device, inhale core device, feed arrangement, the press device in the frame according to work order, automatic cycle sack filling equipment still includes template circulating device, and this template circulating device includes the template that a plurality of levels set up and the drive assembly of drive template motion, is equipped with a plurality of through-holes that run through the template from top to bottom on the template, and each through-hole department all is equipped with the bag-supporting mechanism that is used for strutting the sack, and each template is through inhaling core device, feed arrangement, press device in proper order under the effect of drive assembly, and the motion trail of template is a vertical rectangle ring. The bag feeding device stores and feeds the plastic bags, the bag opening is opened by the rotating mechanism and rotated to enable the bag opening to face upwards, the core absorbing device is matched with the bag opening mechanism to support the bag opening on the bag opening mechanism, the feeding device fills edible fungus matrixes into the plastic bags, the matrix is compacted by the pressing device, and the templates circulate; the equipment can circularly complete the whole series of work of bagging, and has high automation degree and high work efficiency.
In foretell domestic fungus raw materials matrix automatic cycle bagging apparatus, prop a bag mechanism and include that one props a bag sleeve, a plurality of spring leaf and spring hinge, a plurality of spring leaf evenly set up along above-mentioned through-hole circumference interval, spring leaf and spring hinge one-to-one, the spring leaf upper end is fixed on the bottom surface of template through the spring hinge, under spring hinge elastic action, the axial lead of through-hole is close to in the slope of spring leaf lower extreme, prop a bag sleeve can insert the through-hole with one heart and overcome the elasticity of spring hinge and outwards strut inserting the process messenger spring leaf, it is the metal material to prop a bag sleeve and spring leaf. When the bag opening sleeve is not inserted into the through hole, the spring piece is enclosed to form a similar conical shape, the rotating device is convenient to sleeve the bag opening, the spring piece can be pushed to rotate outwards around a hinge point of the spring hinge by inserting the bag opening sleeve, so that the bag opening is opened and tensioned, and when the bag opening sleeve is sucked out, the spring piece automatically resets. The bag opening mechanism is convenient and quick to sleeve and open bags.
In foretell edible mushroom raw materials matrix automatic cycle bagging-off equipment, the drive assembly includes ascending mechanism, circulation mechanism, descending mechanism, the operating device, be equipped with circulation station and operation station in the frame, circulation mechanism is located circulation station department, the operating device is located operation station department, ascending mechanism and descending mechanism set up respectively in the both sides of circulation station, all be equipped with the spout that supplies above-mentioned template horizontal slip on circulation station and the operation station, parallel arrangement about two spouts, the template is located the spout, the width and the template width cooperation setting of spout, the restriction template can only be followed spout length direction and removed:
the ascending mechanism and the descending mechanism respectively comprise a supporting plate, a guide assembly and a power assembly, the supporting plate is horizontal, the guide assembly comprises a rail vertically arranged on the rack and a guide block arranged on the rail in a matching manner, the supporting plate is fixedly connected with the guide block, and the power assembly comprises a speed reducing motor and a belt group component connected with the speed reducing motor and the supporting plate;
the circulating mechanism comprises a pulling plate and a pull-back cylinder, the pulling plate is horizontally arranged on the rack in a sliding mode and fixedly connected with a piston rod of the pull-back cylinder, and the piston rod of the pull-back cylinder is horizontally arranged;
the operating mechanism is a push-out air cylinder, and a piston rod of the push-out air cylinder horizontally faces the template.
The ascending mechanism, the circulating mechanism, the descending mechanism and the operating mechanism are combined to form a closed-loop template circulating system, and the automation degree is improved.
The two ends of the stroke of the ascending mechanism are respectively provided with an ascending detection device, the two ends of the stroke of the descending mechanism are respectively provided with a descending detection device, and the ascending detection device and the descending detection device are both travel switches. The template circular motion work can be accurately fed back in time by arranging the detection device.
In foretell edible mushroom raw materials matrix automatic cycle bagging apparatus, the bag feeding device is including depositing a bag mechanism, putting the bag groove, sending a bag sucking disc, first translation mechanism and first elevating system, it includes a plurality of silos, first conveyer belt and drives the bag drive of depositing of first conveyer belt motion to deposit a bag mechanism, a plurality of silos along first area of sending conveying direction interval arrangement in proper order, it fixes in the frame and lies in and deposits between bag mechanism and above-mentioned rotary device to put the bag groove, send a bag sucking disc can be under the effect of first translation mechanism the silo with put between the bag groove horizontal linear motion, send a bag sucking disc can be under the effect of first elevating system up-and-down motion.
In the automatic edible fungus raw material matrix circulating bagging equipment, the bag placing groove is positioned at the end of the bag opening and is provided with a notch which penetrates through the bag opening up and down, and a sucker in the rotating device sucks the bag opening of the plastic bag through the notch.
In the automatic circulation bagging equipment for the edible mushroom raw material matrix, the bag feeding device is also provided with a discharge detection device, and the discharge detection device is used for detecting whether a plastic bag is arranged in the bag feeding groove.
In the above automatic edible mushroom raw material substrate circulating bagging apparatus, the rotating device includes an upper sucker, a lower sucker, a bag opening mechanism and a corner mechanism, the upper sucker and the lower sucker are oppositely arranged and can move relatively or oppositely under the action of the bag opening mechanism, and the upper sucker and the lower sucker can synchronously rotate 90 degrees under the driving of the corner mechanism. The upper sucker and the lower sucker suck the bag opening and move oppositely, so that the bag opening is opened, and the corner mechanism rotates by 90 degrees to enable the bag opening to face upwards.
In the automatic edible mushroom raw material matrix circulating bagging equipment, the corner mechanism is a corner cylinder.
In the above automatic edible mushroom raw material substrate circulating bagging apparatus, the core suction device includes a core suction cup and a second lifting mechanism for driving the core suction cup to move up and down, and the core suction cup is used for sucking the bag supporting sleeve.
In the automatic cycle bagging equipment for the edible mushroom raw material substrate, the core absorbing device is also provided with a jacking detection device, and the jacking detection device is used for detecting whether a plastic bag is arranged on the template.
In foretell domestic fungus raw materials matrix automatic cycle bagging apparatus, feed arrangement includes storage hopper, feeding mechanism, feed cylinder and drop feed mechanism, the storage hopper sets firmly in the frame, storage hopper upper end opening, feeding mechanism sets up in the storage hopper lower part, feeding mechanism is including rotating auger and the drive auger pivoted pay-off motor that sets up in the frame, the vertical setting of feed cylinder and upper end are located the discharge end of auger, drop feed mechanism sets up the lower extreme at feed cylinder down, drop feed mechanism includes blowing board and blowing drive, the lower extreme that feed cylinder was sealed or was opened to the horizontal motion under the drive of blowing board.
In the automatic cycle bagging equipment for the edible mushroom raw material matrix, the feeding device is also provided with a feeding detection device, and the feeding detection device is used for detecting whether a plastic bag is arranged on the template.
In the above-mentioned edible fungi raw material substrate automatic cycle bagging apparatus, the pressing device includes lifter plate, third elevating system, presses material subassembly and embraces the bag mechanism, the lifter plate activity sets up in above-mentioned frame and moves about under the drive of third elevating system, presses the material subassembly to include the concentric mud-pressing rotation axis and the mud-pressing roating seat that links firmly, presses mud rotation axis upper end to rotate and sets up on the lifter plate, the lower extreme downwardly extending, the pressing device still includes the rotary drive that the mud-pressing rotation axis rotates of drive, embrace the bag mechanism and include two half tube-shapes and the relative bag module of holding that sets up and drive two and embrace the bag drive that the bag module moved relatively or in opposite directions, the pressing device still includes and embraces the mechanism, embraces the mechanism and includes two and embrace the block and embrace the drive that set up relatively, set up the arc wall on two armful blocks, two armful blocks can move relatively or in opposite directions under the drive of embracing tightly, the clasping block is positioned above the bag clasping module.
In foretell domestic fungus raw materials matrix automatic cycle sack filling plant, third elevating system package connecting rod, connecting block, connecting axle and elevator motor, the vertical setting of connecting rod, the upper end and the lifter plate of connecting rod are articulated, and the lower extreme articulates in the upper end of connecting block, and the lower extreme of connecting block is fixed on the connecting axle, and the connecting axle rotates and sets up in the frame, and the connecting axle rotates under elevator motor's drive.
In the automatic cycle bagging equipment for the edible mushroom raw material substrate, a pressing detection device is further arranged at the pressing device and used for detecting whether a plastic bag is arranged on the template.
In foretell edible mushroom raw materials matrix automatic cycle sack filling equipment, automatic cycle sack filling equipment still includes discharging device, and this discharging device includes second conveyer belt and the ejection of compact drive of drive second conveyer belt conveying motion, and the input of second conveyer belt is located above-mentioned feeding device's below, and during feeding, the pressure material, the plastic bag is held in the second conveyer belt.
In foretell edible mushroom raw materials matrix automatic cycle sack filling equipment, automatic cycle sack filling equipment still includes positioner, and positioner includes the location drive of toper locating piece and drive toper locating piece up-and-down motion, and the toper locating piece is conical and tip down, and the cooperation is equipped with the locating hole on the above-mentioned template, and above-mentioned wick device, feed arrangement, press device department all are equipped with this positioner.
In the above automatic edible fungus raw material matrix circulating bagging equipment, the automatic circulating bagging equipment further comprises a controller, the controller comprises an electric cabinet, a control system arranged in the electric cabinet and a display screen arranged on the electric cabinet, and the control system is in circuit connection with the display screen and the devices.
In the above automatic edible mushroom raw material substrate circulating bagging apparatus, the discharge detection device, the nesting detection device, the feeding detection device and the pressing detection device are all eddy current sensors.
In the automatic edible fungus raw material substrate circulating bagging equipment, the material discharge detection device, the material sleeving detection device, the material feeding detection device and the material pressing detection device respectively comprise an induction seat, and a positive contact and a negative contact which are arranged on the induction seat, the positive contact and the negative contact are respectively connected with the control system through leads, and a potential difference is formed between the positive contact and the negative contact.
Compared with the prior art, the automatic bag feeding device can automatically complete the whole process of bag feeding, bag supporting, feeding and material pressing, and has the advantages of high automation degree, short period and high working efficiency; the template circularly performs closed-loop circulation, the circulation process is fully automatically performed, and manual participation is not needed; the working connection among the devices is compact and reasonable; the template position is accurately positioned through the positioning device, and the working accuracy is good; through setting up a plurality of detection device, in time feed back work information, guarantee the validity of every work step.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a bag feeding device;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a rotating device;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the wick means;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a feeding device;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a pressing device;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the construction of the template circulation apparatus;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the uplink mechanism and the downlink mechanism;
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the template;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of the controller.
In the figure, 1, a frame; 2. a template; 3. a bag supporting sleeve; 4. a spring plate; 5. a spring hinge; 6. a limiting edge; 7. an electric cabinet; 8. a display screen; 9. a scram switch; 10. automatic switching; 11. a semi-automatic switch; 12. a manual switch; 13. placing a bag groove; 14. a first cylinder; 15. a first third rod cylinder; 16. a bag feeding plate; 17. a bag feeding sucker; 18. a trough; 19. a first conveyor belt; 20. storing the bags; 21. a trough positioning piece; 22. a discharge detection device; 23. a sucker is arranged; 24. a lower sucker; 25. a corner cylinder; 26. a second third rod cylinder; 27. a second cylinder; 28. an upper sucker seat; 29. a lower sucker base; 30. a suction core sucker; 31. a second lifting mechanism; 32. a connecting plate; 33. a storage hopper; 34. feeding the material barrel; 35. a feeding motor; 36. a material placing plate; 37. discharging and driving; 38. a lifting plate; 39. a mud pressing rotating shaft; 40. a mud pressing rotary seat; 41. a rotating electric machine; 42. a first timing pulley; 43. a first synchronization belt; 44. connecting rods, 45 and connecting blocks; 46. a lifting motor; 47. a sprocket; 48. driving the bag holding; 49. a bag holding module; 50. a connecting seat; 51. a hugging block; 52. tightly holding and driving; 53. circulating stations; 54. operating the station; 55. a support plate; 56. a guide block; 57. a reduction motor; 58. a second timing pulley; 59. a second synchronous belt; 60. pulling a plate; 61. pulling back the air cylinder; 62. pushing out the cylinder; 63. a conical positioning block; 64. positioning and driving; 65. a second conveyor belt; 66. and (5) discharging and driving.
Detailed Description
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention and are further described with reference to the drawings, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, the edible fungus raw material substrate automatic circulation bagging equipment provided by the invention comprises a rack 1, and a bag feeding device, a rotating device, a core absorbing device, a feeding device and a pressing device which are sequentially arranged on the rack 1 according to a working sequence; the frame 1 is also provided with a template circulating device, the template circulating device comprises a plurality of templates 2 which are horizontally arranged and a driving assembly for driving the templates 2 to move, as shown in figure 9, each template 2 is in a cuboid shape, two through holes which vertically penetrate through the templates 2 are arranged on each template 2, the through holes are stepped holes, large holes and small holes of the stepped holes are vertically arranged, the two stepped holes are arranged at intervals along the length direction of the template 2, each stepped hole is correspondingly provided with a bag supporting mechanism, each bag supporting mechanism comprises a bag supporting sleeve 3, a plurality of spring pieces 4 and spring hinges 5, the spring pieces 4 and the spring hinges 5 are in one-to-one correspondence and are all arranged on the bottom surface of the template 2, the spring pieces 4 are evenly spaced along the circumferential direction of the stepped holes, one end of each spring piece 4 is connected to the bottom surface of the template 2 through the spring hinge 5, the other end extends downwards, each spring piece 4 is inclined to approach the axial, prop bag sleeve 3 from the top down and insert in the step hole to can outwards strut spring leaf 4 in the downstream process, prop bag sleeve 3 top and be equipped with the spacing limit of round 6, the external diameter of spacing limit 6 slightly is less than the macropore internal diameter in step hole, and spacing limit 6 is used for the restriction to prop the extreme position of bag sleeve 3 downstream.
Each template 2 passes through a suction core device, a feeding device and a pressing device in sequence under the action of a driving assembly: the bag feeding device stores the plastic bags, the plastic bags are sequentially taken out according to the work rhythm, the rotating device expands the bag openings of the plastic bags taken out by the bag feeding device and rotates the plastic bags by 90 degrees to enable the bag openings to be upwards sleeved on the template 2, the core absorbing device is matched with the bag expanding mechanism on the template 2 to expand the bag openings of the plastic bags, the feeding device is used for filling edible fungus matrixes into the plastic bags with the expanded bag openings, and the pressing device is used for compacting the matrixes in the plastic bags; the moving track of each template 2 is a vertical rectangular ring. As shown in fig. 10, the automatic cycle bagging equipment further comprises a controller, the controller comprises an electric cabinet 7, a control system arranged in the electric cabinet 7 and a display screen 8 arranged on the electric cabinet 7, the control system is a PLC system, an emergency stop switch 9, an automatic switch 10, a semi-automatic switch 11 and a manual switch 12 are further arranged at the display screen 8, the control system is in circuit connection with the display screen 8, the switches and the devices, and the controller controls the devices to work in a coordinated manner.
As shown in fig. 2, the bag feeding device includes a bag storage mechanism, a bag placing groove 13, a bag feeding suction cup 17, a first translation mechanism, and a first lifting mechanism: the first translation mechanism comprises a sliding rail, a sliding block and a first air cylinder 14, a cylinder body and a sliding rail of the first air cylinder 14 are fixed on the rack 1, the sliding rail is horizontally arranged, the sliding block is arranged on the sliding rail in a sliding mode, a piston rod of the first air cylinder 14 is fixedly connected with the sliding block, the first lifting mechanism is a first three-rod cylinder 15, the cylinder body of the first three-rod cylinder 15 is fixed on the sliding block, a horizontally arranged bag feeding plate 16 is arranged on the piston rod of the first three-rod cylinder 15, the bag feeding plate 16 is I-shaped, four corners of the bag feeding plate 16 are respectively provided with a bag feeding sucker 17, the four bag feeding suckers 17 are pairwise arranged in a group, the same group of bag feeding suckers 17 are used for sucking the same plastic bag, and the bag feeding sucker 17 is positioned above the bag storage mechanism.
Deposit a bag mechanism and include a plurality of silos 18, first conveyer belt 19, the bag drive 20 and silo setting element 21 of depositing that 19 motion of drive first conveyer belt were carried, a plurality of silos 18 are interval arrangement in proper order along conveyer belt direction of delivery, a plurality of silos 18 are covered with whole conveyer belt, silo 18 is open-top's rectangle box-like, one side of silo 18 is equipped with the opening and is used for taking the plastic bag, the length direction of silo 18 is unanimous with the moving direction of slider, it is a motor to deposit a bag drive 20, silo setting element 21 is used for fixing a position the 18 relative positions of putting bag groove 13 of silo, ensure at every turn behind the 19 motion of first conveyer belt, all there are two silos 18 to be located the appointed bag position.
Put bag groove 13 and be equipped with two, two put bag groove 13 parallel arrangement, put bag groove 13 one end and be close to and deposit a bag mechanism, the other end extends along sending a bag sucking disc 17 moving direction and is close to rotary device, and should serve and set up two and set up side by side and run through the breach of putting bag groove 13 from top to bottom.
The bag feeding sucker 17 moves horizontally and linearly between the trough 18 and the bag placing trough 13 under the action of the first translation mechanism, and moves up and down under the action of the first lifting mechanism, so that the process of feeding the plastic bags in the trough 18 to the bag placing trough 13 is realized.
The bag feeding device further comprises a discharging detection device 22, and the discharging detection device 22 is used for detecting whether a plastic bag exists in the bag discharging groove 13.
Send the bagging apparatus to still include with sending a bag sucking disc 17 one-to-one first elastic mechanism, first elastic mechanism establishes between sending a bag sucking disc 17 and sending a bag board 16, and first elastic mechanism includes first screw and first spring: when the bag is taken out from the high position, the first spring can be compressed to enable the bag feeding sucker 17 to ascend, and when the bag is taken out from the low position, the first spring can be compressed to supplement the gap.
As shown in fig. 3, the rotating device includes a corner mechanism, and an upper suction cup 23, a lower suction cup 24 and a bag opening mechanism all disposed on the corner mechanism, the corner mechanism is a corner cylinder 25, a cylinder body of the corner cylinder 25 is fixed on the frame 1, a piston rod of the corner cylinder 25 can rotate 90 degrees, the bag opening mechanism includes a second three-rod cylinder 26 and a second cylinder 27, both disposed on the piston rod of the corner cylinder 25, the upper suction cup 23 is fixed on the piston rod of the second three-rod cylinder 26 through an upper suction cup seat 28, the lower suction cup 24 is fixed on the piston rod of the second cylinder 27 through a lower suction cup seat 29, the upper suction cup 23 and the lower suction cup 24 are disposed opposite to each other, and the upper suction cup 23 and the lower suction cup 24 are driven by the second three-rod cylinder 26 and the second cylinder 27 to move in opposite directions, thereby opening the bag opening.
The upper suction cups 23 and the lower suction cups 24 are respectively provided with four, the position intervals of the four upper suction cups are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the gaps on the two bag placing grooves 13, the plastic bags cover the gaps, and the gaps are used for the upper suction cups 23 and the lower suction cups 24 to suck the plastic bags.
As shown in fig. 4, the core suction device includes a core suction cup 30 and a second lifting mechanism 31 for driving the core suction cup 30 to move up and down, the second lifting mechanism 31 is a third rod cylinder, the cylinder body of the third rod cylinder is fixed on the frame 1, the piston rod of the third rod cylinder vertically extends downward, and the end portion of the piston rod is fixed with a connecting plate 32, the core suction cup 30 is fixed on the bottom surface of the connecting plate 32, two core suction cups 30 are provided and correspond to the bag supporting sleeves 3 on the template 2 one by one, the core suction cup 30 is an electric suction cup, when the bag supporting sleeves 3 on the corresponding template 2 are located below the electric suction cup, the third rod cylinder drives the electric suction cup to move downward to hold the bag supporting sleeves 3 and can drive the bag supporting sleeves 3 to move upward.
The wick device further comprises a second elastic mechanism corresponding to the wick sucking disc 30 one by one, the second elastic mechanism is arranged between the wick sucking disc 30 and the connecting plate 32, and the second elastic mechanism comprises a second screw and a second spring: when the bag supporting sleeve 3 is in a high position, the second spring can be compressed to enable the suction core sucker 30 to ascend, and when the bag supporting sleeve 3 is in a low position, the second spring can be compressed to supplement the gap.
And a nesting detection device is also arranged at the core suction device and is used for detecting whether the template 2 is sleeved with a plastic bag or not.
The core suction device also comprises an air blowing mechanism, the air blowing mechanism comprises an air nozzle, the air nozzle is arranged on the connecting plate 32, when the nesting detection device detects that no plastic bag is sleeved on the template 2, the air nozzle is used for blowing away the plastic bag which is not smoothly sleeved on the template 2.
As shown in fig. 5, the feeding device comprises a storage hopper 33, a feeding mechanism, a discharging barrel 34 and a discharging mechanism, the storage hopper 33 is fixed on the frame 1, the upper end of the storage hopper 33 is open, the lower end of the storage hopper 33 is closed, the feeding mechanism, the discharging barrel 34 and the discharging mechanism are respectively provided with two parts which are in one-to-one correspondence, the feeding mechanism comprises a packing auger and a feeding motor 35, the packing auger traverses the lower part of the storage hopper 33, two ends of the packing auger penetrate out of the storage hopper 33, one end of the packing auger is connected with the feeding motor 35 through a coupler, the other end is positioned above the discharging barrel 34, the discharging barrel 34 is vertically fixed on the frame 1, the discharging mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the discharging barrel 34, two upper and lower ends of the discharging barrel 34 are both open, the discharging mechanism comprises a discharging plate 36 and a discharging drive 37, the discharging plate 36 is horizontally, the piston rod of the discharging cylinder is fixed with the discharging plate 36, the piston rod can horizontally drive the discharging plate 36 to seal or open the opening at the lower end of the discharging barrel 34 in a telescopic mode, and the opening size of the lower end of the discharging barrel 34 is controlled by controlling the position of the discharging plate 36.
Feed arrangement department still is equipped with feeding detection device, and feeding detection mechanism is used for detecting whether there is the plastic bag on the template 2 that is located feed arrangement department.
As shown in fig. 6, the pressing device includes a lifting plate 38, three groups of pressing components, a rotary drive, a third lifting mechanism, a bag holding mechanism, and a clasping mechanism, the lifting plate 38 is slidably disposed on the frame 1 up and down and can be slidably moved up and down by the driving of the third lifting mechanism, the pressing component includes a mud-pressing rotating shaft 39 and a mud-pressing rotating base 40 concentrically fixed on the mud-pressing rotating shaft 39, the upper end of the mud-pressing rotating shaft 39 is rotatably disposed on the lifting plate 38 through a bearing, the lower end of the mud-pressing rotating shaft 39 is needle-shaped and is convenient for inserting a substrate, the rotary drive includes a rotary motor 41, first synchronous pulleys 42 respectively disposed on the rotary motor 41 and the mud-pressing rotating shafts 39, and first synchronous belts 43 connected to the first synchronous pulleys 42, and the rotary motor 41 and the first synchronous pulleys 42 and the first synchronous belts 43 drive the mud-pressing rotating shafts 39 to rotate;
third elevating system package connecting rod 44, connecting block 45, connecting axle and elevator motor 46, the vertical setting of connecting rod 44, the upper end and the lifter plate 38 of connecting rod 44 are articulated, the lower extreme articulates the upper end at connecting block 45, the lower extreme of connecting block 45 is fixed on the connecting axle, the connecting axle rotates and sets up in frame 1, the connecting axle rotates under elevator motor 46's drive, link to each other through sprocket 47 subassembly between connecting axle and the elevator motor 46, the sprocket 47 and the chain of connecting two sprocket 47 on connecting axle and elevator motor 46 are established including dividing to the connecting axle, elevator motor 46 is step motor.
The bag holding mechanism comprises two bag holding groups and two bag holding drives 48, the two bag holding groups correspond to the bag supporting mechanisms on the template 2 one by one, the bag holding groups comprise two bag holding modules 49 which are arranged oppositely, the bag holding modules 49 are in a half-cylindrical shape, the two bag holding modules 49 in the same group can be horizontally and relatively moved and spliced to form a complete cylindrical shape under the drive of the bag holding drives 48, the bag holding drives 48 are fourth three-rod cylinders which are respectively arranged on two sides of the bag holding groups, and piston rods of the fourth three-rod cylinders are connected with the two bag holding modules 49 which belong to the two bag holding groups on the same side through connecting seats 50.
The clasping mechanism comprises two clasping blocks 51 and two clasping drives 52 which are oppositely arranged, the clasping blocks 51 are positioned above the bag clasping module 49, arc-shaped grooves are formed in the clasping blocks 51, the two arc-shaped grooves are oppositely arranged and can be spliced to form a complete circle, the clasping drives 52 are fifth three-rod cylinders, piston rods of the two fifth three-rod cylinders are respectively connected with the clasping blocks 51, and the two clasping blocks 51 can move oppositely or oppositely under the drive of the two fifth three-rod cylinders. The clasping block 51 is positioned at the opening of the plastic bag and is used for hooping the plastic bag and the bag opening mechanism tightly to prevent the bag opening from being separated from the bag opening mechanism in the material pressing process.
The pressing device is also provided with a pressing detection device which is used for confirming whether the plastic bag is arranged on the template 2.
As shown in fig. 7 and 8, the driving assembly includes an ascending mechanism, a circulating mechanism, a descending mechanism, and a running mechanism: the framework 1 is provided with a circulation station 53 and an operation station 54 which are arranged up and down, the circulation mechanism is positioned at the circulation station 53, the operation mechanism is positioned at the operation station 54, the ascending mechanism and the descending mechanism are respectively arranged at two sides of the circulation station 53, the circulation station 53 and the operation station 54 are both provided with chutes for the template 2 to horizontally slide, the two chutes are arranged up and down in parallel, the template 2 is positioned in the chute, the width of the chute is matched with the width of the template 2, and the template 2 is limited to move only along the length direction of the chute; the template 2 is driven by the ascending mechanism to ascend from the left end of the operation station 54 to the left end of the circulation station 53, then driven by the circulation mechanism to move from the left end of the circulation station 53 to the right end of the circulation station 53, driven by the descending mechanism to descend from the right end of the circulation station 53 to the right end of the operation station 54, driven by the operation mechanism to move from the right end of the operation station 54 to the left end of the operation station 54, bag sleeving, feeding and material pressing are completed in the process, and the circulation is restarted after the bags are unloaded.
The ascending mechanism and the descending mechanism respectively comprise a supporting plate 55, a guide assembly and a power assembly, the supporting plate 55 is horizontal, the guide assembly comprises a rail vertically arranged on the rack 1 and a guide block 56 arranged on the rail in a matching way, the supporting plate 55 is fixedly connected with the guide block 56, the power assembly comprises a speed reducing motor 57 and a belt assembly connecting the speed reducing motor 57 and the supporting plate 55, the belt assembly comprises two second synchronous belt wheels 58 arranged up and down and a second synchronous belt 59 wound on the two second synchronous belt wheels 58, the speed reducing motor 57 is fixed at the top of the rack 1, the second synchronous belt wheels 58 positioned above are concentrically fixed on a motor shaft, one end of the supporting plate 55 is fixedly connected with the second synchronous belt 59, the other end of the supporting plate 55 faces the template 2, and the supporting plate 55 is supported on the bottom surface of the template 2 to drive the;
the circulation mechanisms comprise pull plates 60 and pull-back cylinders 61, the cylinder bodies of the pull-back cylinders 61 are fixed to the top of the rack 1, the pull plates 60 are horizontally arranged on the top of the rack 1 in a sliding mode and fixedly connected with piston rods of the pull-back cylinders 61, the piston rods of the pull-back cylinders 61 stretch horizontally, the pull plates 60 move horizontally back and forth under the driving of the pull-back cylinders 61, the left side of the template 2 at the leftmost end of the circulation station 53 leans against the pull plates 60, the template 60 pulls the template to move rightwards, and therefore other templates 2 on the circulation station 53 move rightwards synchronously; the operating mechanism is a pushing cylinder 62, a piston rod of the pushing cylinder 62 faces the template 2 and can horizontally stretch along the moving direction of the template 2, and the pushing cylinder 62 moves leftwards through the template 2 which is pushed to the rightmost end of the operating station 54 through the piston rod, so that other templates 2 on the operating station 54 are pushed to move leftwards synchronously.
An uplink detection device is respectively arranged at two ends of the stroke of the uplink mechanism, a downlink detection device is respectively arranged at two ends of the stroke of the downlink mechanism, and the uplink detection device and the downlink detection device are both travel switches.
The automatic cycle bagging equipment further comprises a plurality of positioning devices, as shown in fig. 4, each positioning device comprises a conical positioning block 63 and a positioning drive 64 for driving the conical positioning block 63 to move up and down, each positioning drive 64 is provided with a positioning cylinder, the conical positioning block 63 is conical and the small end of the conical positioning block faces downwards, the positioning holes are formed in the template 2, and the positioning cylinders drive the conical positioning blocks 63 to gradually penetrate into the positioning holes so as to finely adjust the positions of the template 2. The positioning devices are arranged at the positions of the core suction device, the feeding device and the pressing device.
As shown in fig. 1, the automatic cycle bagging device further comprises a discharging device, the discharging device comprises a second conveying belt 65 and a discharging drive 66 for driving the second conveying belt 65 to move, the input end of the second conveying belt 65 is located below the feeding device, when feeding and pressing are carried out, the second conveying belt 65 supports the plastic bag, after pressing is finished, the plastic bag is conveyed away by the second conveying belt 65, and the plastic bag is separated from the template 2.
The first embodiment is as follows: the discharging detection device 22, the jacking detection device, the feeding detection device and the pressing detection device are all eddy current sensors, and the eddy current sensors are in circuit connection with the control system. The spring pieces 4 and the bag supporting sleeves 3 are all metal pieces and can conduct electricity, the plastic bags are insulators, and whether the plastic bags are sleeved on the template 2 or not is determined by the principle of whether the electricity is conducted or not; the eddy current sensor is determined by eddy current signals detected by the bag placing groove 13 close to the bag opening mechanism, if the eddy current signals exist, the metal piece is indicated, no plastic bag exists, if the eddy current signals do not exist, the insulator is indicated, and the plastic bag exists.
Example two: blowing detection device 22, jacking detection device, feeding detection device, material detection device all includes an induction seat and sets up anodal contact and the negative pole contact on induction seat, anodal contact and negative pole contact are connected respectively on control system's signal point through the wire, control system connects the power, the potential difference has between anodal contact and the negative pole contact, when anodal contact and negative pole contact touch the metal, positive negative pole switch-on, produce current signal, explain not have the plastic bag, when not having current signal, explain that anodal contact and negative pole contact touch be the plastic bag.
The working process is as follows:
bag feeding: the first lifting mechanism descends to the trough 18, the bag feeding sucker 17 is opened to suck up the plastic bag, the first lifting mechanism resets, then the first translation mechanism is operated to feed the plastic bag to the upper side of the bag placing trough 13, then the bag feeding sucker 17 descends to be close to the bag placing trough 13 through the first lifting mechanism, the bag feeding sucker 17 closes the sucking and opening blowing functions, and the plastic bag falls onto the bag placing trough 13.
Whether a plastic bag exists in the bag placing groove 13 or not is confirmed through the placing detection device 22: if the plastic bag exists, the next step is carried out; if no plastic bag exists, the first conveyer belt 19 moves to move the adjacent material groove 18 with the plastic bag to the material taking position, the material groove is positioned by the material groove positioning piece 21, and then the bag feeding work is carried out again.
Opening the bag: the corner mechanism rotates the upper sucker 23 and the lower sucker 24 to the bag placing groove 13, at the moment, the upper sucker 23 and the lower sucker 24 are respectively arranged at the upper side and the lower side of the gap of the bag placing groove 13, then the upper sucker 23 moves downwards, the lower sucker 24 moves upwards to suck the plastic bag, then the corner mechanism rotates for 90 degrees to reset, and the upper sucker 23 and the lower sucker 24 move oppositely to open the bag opening in the resetting process.
Bag opening: after the corresponding template 2 is positioned at the designated position through the positioning device, the corner mechanism resets and opens the bag, the second lifting mechanism 31 drives the core suction cup 30 to suck the bag supporting sleeve 3 on the corresponding template 2, then the plastic bag goes upwards, then the spring piece 4 is sleeved by the plastic bag, the bagging condition is confirmed through the bagging detection device, if the plastic bag is confirmed, the second lifting mechanism 31 drives the bag supporting sleeve 3 to go downwards to prop open the spring piece 4, and if no plastic bag is confirmed, the blowing mechanism is started to blow away the dropped plastic bag.
After the bag supporting sleeve 3 descends to a specified position and the spring piece 4 is opened, the core suction cup 30 is closed, and the second lifting mechanism 31 resets.
Feeding: firstly, positioning a corresponding template 2 below a blanking barrel 34 through a positioning device, then confirming whether a plastic bag exists on the template 2 through a feeding detection device, when the plastic bag exists, conveying the edible fungus matrix in a storage barrel to the blanking barrel 34 through a packing auger, driving a discharging plate 36 to open the bottom of the blanking barrel 34 through a discharging drive 37, and filling the edible fungus matrix into the plastic bag; if no plastic bag exists, the bag feeding, opening and opening work needs to be started again.
Pressing materials: the rotary driving is always kept running, namely, the material pressing rotary shaft and the mud pressing rotary seat 40 are always kept rotating, the corresponding template 2 is positioned at an appointed position through the positioning device, then whether a plastic bag exists on the template 2 is confirmed through the material pressing detection device, when the plastic bag exists, the bag mouth is tightly embraced by the two embracing blocks 51 through the enclasping driving 52, the bag embracing module 49 embraces the plastic bag simultaneously, and then the third lifting mechanism is operated to enable the mud pressing rotary seat 40 to press mud downwards.
It is to be understood that in the claims, the specification of the present invention, all "including … …" are to be interpreted in an open-ended sense, i.e., in a sense equivalent to "including at least … …", and not in a closed sense, i.e., in a sense not to be interpreted as "including only … …".
The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the spirit of the invention. Various modifications or additions may be made to the described embodiments or alternatives may be employed by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or ambit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. Edible fungus raw material matrix automatic cycle bagging equipment is characterized by comprising a rack (1), a bag feeding device, a rotating device, a core sucking device, a feeding device and a pressing device which are sequentially arranged on the rack (1) according to a working sequence, the automatic cycle bagging equipment further comprises a template circulating device, the template circulating device comprises a plurality of horizontally arranged templates (2) and a driving assembly for driving the templates (2) to move, a plurality of through holes which penetrate through the templates (2) from top to bottom are formed in the templates (2), a bag opening mechanism for opening a bag opening is arranged at each through hole, each template (2) sequentially passes through the core sucking device, the feeding device and the pressing device under the action of the driving assembly, the motion track of the template (2) is a vertical rectangular ring, and the bag opening mechanism comprises a bag opening sleeve (3), a plurality of spring pieces (4) and a spring hinge (5), the spring pieces (4) are uniformly arranged along the circumferential direction of the through hole at intervals, the spring pieces (4) correspond to the spring hinges (5) one by one, the upper ends of the spring pieces (4) are fixed on the bottom surface of the template (2) through the spring hinges (5), the lower ends of the spring pieces (4) are inclined to be close to the axial lead of the through hole under the elastic action of the spring hinges (5), and the bag supporting sleeve (3) can be concentrically inserted into the through hole and enables the spring pieces (4) to overcome the elastic force of the spring hinges (5) and be outwards supported in the inserting process.
2. The edible mushroom raw material substrate automatic cycle bagging equipment according to claim 1, wherein the driving assembly comprises an ascending mechanism, a circulating mechanism, a descending mechanism and a running mechanism, a circulating station (53) and a running station (54) are arranged on the rack (1), the circulating mechanism is located at the circulating station (53), the running mechanism is located at the running station (54), the ascending mechanism and the descending mechanism are respectively arranged at two sides of the circulating station (53), sliding grooves for the horizontal sliding of the template (2) are respectively arranged on the circulating station (53) and the running station (54), the two sliding grooves are arranged in parallel up and down, the template (2) is located in the sliding grooves, the width of the sliding grooves is matched with the width of the template (2), and the template (2) is limited to move only along the length direction of the sliding grooves;
the ascending mechanism and the descending mechanism respectively comprise a supporting plate (55), a guide assembly and a power assembly, the supporting plate (55) is horizontal, the guide assembly comprises a rail vertically arranged on the rack (1) and a guide block (56) arranged on the rail in a matching way, the supporting plate (55) is fixedly connected with the guide block (56), and the power assembly comprises a speed reducing motor (57) and a belt group assembly connected with the speed reducing motor (57) and the supporting plate (55);
the circulation mechanism comprises a pulling plate (60) and a pull-back cylinder (61), the pulling plate (60) is horizontally arranged on the rack (1) in a sliding mode and fixedly connected with a piston rod of the pull-back cylinder (61), and the piston rod of the pull-back cylinder (61) is horizontally arranged;
the operating mechanism is a push-out air cylinder (62), and a piston rod of the push-out air cylinder (62) horizontally faces the template (2).
3. The edible mushroom raw material substrate automatic cycle bagging device according to claim 2, wherein the bag feeding device comprises a bag storage mechanism, a bag placing groove (13), a bag feeding sucker (17), a first translation mechanism and a first lifting mechanism, the bag storage mechanism comprises a plurality of material grooves (18), a first conveying belt (19) and a bag storage drive (20) for driving the first conveying belt (19) to move, the plurality of material grooves (18) are sequentially arranged at intervals along the first conveying belt conveying direction, the bag placing groove (13) is fixed on the frame (1) and is positioned between the bag storage mechanism and the rotating device, the bag feeding sucker (17) can horizontally move linearly between the material grooves (18) and the bag placing groove (13) under the action of the first translation mechanism, and the bag feeding sucker (17) can move up and down under the action of the first lifting mechanism.
4. The edible mushroom raw material substrate automatic circulation bagging equipment as claimed in claim 3, wherein the rotating device comprises an upper sucker (23), a lower sucker (24), a bag opening mechanism and a corner mechanism, the upper sucker (23) and the lower sucker (24) are arranged oppositely and can move oppositely or oppositely under the action of the bag opening mechanism, and the upper sucker (23) and the lower sucker (24) can synchronously rotate for 90 degrees under the driving of the corner mechanism.
5. The edible mushroom raw material substrate automatic cycle bagging apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the wick device comprises a wick sucking disc (30) and a second lifting mechanism (31) for driving the wick sucking disc (30) to move up and down.
6. The edible mushroom raw material matrix automatic cycle bagging equipment according to claim 5, wherein the feeding device comprises a storage hopper (33), a feeding mechanism, a discharging barrel (34) and a discharging mechanism, the storage hopper (33) is fixedly arranged on the rack (1), the upper end of the storage hopper (33) is open, the feeding mechanism is arranged at the lower part of the storage hopper (33), the feeding mechanism comprises an auger rotatably arranged on the rack (1) and a feeding motor (35) driving the auger to rotate, the discharging barrel (34) is vertically arranged, the upper end of the discharging barrel is positioned at the discharging end of the auger, the discharging mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the discharging barrel (34), the discharging mechanism comprises a discharging plate (36) and a discharging drive (37), and the discharging plate (36) can horizontally move under the drive of the discharging drive (37) to seal or open the lower end of the discharging barrel (34).
7. The edible mushroom raw material substrate automatic cycle bagging device according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the pressing device comprises a lifting plate (38), a third lifting mechanism, a pressing assembly and a bag holding mechanism, the lifting plate (38) is movably arranged on the frame (1) and can move up and down under the driving of the third lifting mechanism, the pressing assembly comprises a mud pressing rotating shaft (39) and a mud pressing rotating seat (40) which are concentrically and fixedly connected, the upper end of the mud pressing rotating shaft (39) is rotatably arranged on the lifting plate (38), the lower end of the mud pressing rotating shaft extends downwards, the pressing device further comprises a rotary drive for driving the mud pressing rotating shaft (39) to rotate, the bag holding mechanism comprises two bag holding modules (49) which are semi-cylindrical and are oppositely arranged and a bag holding drive (48) for driving the two bag holding modules (49) to move oppositely or oppositely, and the pressing device further comprises a holding mechanism, the clasping mechanism comprises two clasping blocks (51) and a clasping drive (52), which are oppositely arranged, arc-shaped grooves are formed in the two clasping blocks (51), the two clasping blocks (51) can move oppositely or oppositely under the drive of the clasping drive (52), and the clasping blocks (51) are positioned above the clasping bag module (49).
8. The automatic recycling bagging apparatus for edible mushroom raw material substrate according to claim 7, further comprising a discharging device, wherein the discharging device comprises a second conveyor belt (65) and a discharging drive (66) for driving the second conveyor belt (65) to move, and the input end of the second conveyor belt (65) is positioned below the feeding device.
9. The edible mushroom raw material substrate automatic cycle bagging equipment according to claim 7, wherein the automatic cycle bagging equipment further comprises a positioning device, the positioning device comprises a conical positioning block (63) and a positioning drive (64) for driving the conical positioning block (63) to move up and down, the conical positioning block (63) is conical, the small end of the conical positioning block faces downwards, the mold plate (2) is provided with a positioning hole in a matching manner, and the positioning device is arranged at the position of the core sucking device, the position of the feeding device and the position of the material pressing device.
CN201811447533.9A 2018-11-29 2018-11-29 Edible mushroom raw material substrate automatic cycle bagging equipment Active CN109380062B (en)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102396344A (en) * 2011-07-15 2012-04-04 徐寿海 Automatic edible fungi bag filler
CN103931422A (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-07-23 哈尔滨理工大学 Automatic bag taking, bag sleeving, bagging, bag opening bending and rod insertion all-in-one machine for edible fungi and method
CN204047268U (en) * 2014-06-12 2014-12-31 福州万和电子科技有限公司 Culture medium of edible fungus Full-automatic sack filling machine

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102396344A (en) * 2011-07-15 2012-04-04 徐寿海 Automatic edible fungi bag filler
CN103931422A (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-07-23 哈尔滨理工大学 Automatic bag taking, bag sleeving, bagging, bag opening bending and rod insertion all-in-one machine for edible fungi and method
CN204047268U (en) * 2014-06-12 2014-12-31 福州万和电子科技有限公司 Culture medium of edible fungus Full-automatic sack filling machine

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