CN109357264A - A kind of refuse incinerator of high-efficiency environment friendly - Google Patents

A kind of refuse incinerator of high-efficiency environment friendly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109357264A
CN109357264A CN201811045292.5A CN201811045292A CN109357264A CN 109357264 A CN109357264 A CN 109357264A CN 201811045292 A CN201811045292 A CN 201811045292A CN 109357264 A CN109357264 A CN 109357264A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace body
burner hearth
fume treatment
feed hopper
controller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811045292.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪玉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Shengyun Heavy Industry Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Shengyun Heavy Industry Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Shengyun Heavy Industry Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Shengyun Heavy Industry Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811045292.5A priority Critical patent/CN109357264A/en
Publication of CN109357264A publication Critical patent/CN109357264A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/04Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment drying
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/442Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G5/444Waste feed arrangements for solid waste
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/50Control or safety arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/022Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material for removing solid particulate material from the gasflow
    • F23J15/025Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material for removing solid particulate material from the gasflow using filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/02Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material
    • F23J15/04Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of purifiers, e.g. for removing noxious material using washing fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2205/00Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G2205/14Waste feed arrangements using hopper or bin
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2207/00Control
    • F23G2207/10Arrangement of sensing devices
    • F23G2207/101Arrangement of sensing devices for temperature
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J2215/00Preventing emissions
    • F23J2215/20Sulfur; Compounds thereof
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J2217/00Intercepting solids
    • F23J2217/10Intercepting solids by filters
    • F23J2217/104High temperature resistant (ceramic) type

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of refuse incinerators of high-efficiency environment friendly, including furnace body and controller, waste chamber is successively arranged in furnace body from top to bottom, fire grate, burner hearth, secondary combustion chamber and fume treatment room, fire grate is fixedly connected with the inner wall of furnace body, fire grate is equipped with ignition module, fume treatment component is equipped with above fume treatment room, fume treatment room side is equipped with filter assemblies, filter assemblies one end is through to outside furnace body to be connected with No.1 blower, No.1 blower is connected with smoke exhaust pipe, furnace body side is equipped with feeding device, feeding device is inside furnace body to burner hearth, furnace body is additionally provided with air intake assembly far from the side of feeding device, air intake assembly is connected with burner hearth and second-time burning chamber interior respectively, the position that waste chamber is corresponded on furnace body is provided with discharge gate, discharge gate is equipped with discharge door, it is hinged between discharge door and furnace body, feeding device and Air intake assembly is electrically connected with controller.The present invention effectively raises sulfur limitation effect, can reduce the yield of poisonous and harmful flue gas.

Description

A kind of refuse incinerator of high-efficiency environment friendly
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of waste incineration, and in particular to a kind of refuse incinerator of high-efficiency environment friendly.
Background technique
Waste incineration is a kind of method of common processing rubbish, after being handled due to rubbish with incineration method, reduction Significantly, land used is saved, various pathogen can be also eliminated, convert harmless object for poisonous and harmful substance.It can be generated when waste incineration Flue gas contains toxic gas in flue gas, so flue gas processing device is needed to handle the flue gas of burning.
But structure is complicated for flue gas of refuse burning processing unit currently on the market, and has a single function, to the spray of flue gas Effect be not very well, the solvent of spray is not uniform enough, can not in flue gas pernicious gas and sundries be filtered processing.
Summary of the invention
According to the above-mentioned deficiencies of the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is to propose to a kind of refuse incinerator of high-efficiency environment friendly, with It solves the problems, such as to propose in background technique.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention are as follows: a kind of refuse incinerator of high-efficiency environment friendly, Including furnace body and controller, waste chamber, fire grate, burner hearth, secondary combustion chamber and flue gas are successively arranged in the furnace body from top to bottom Process chamber, fire grate are fixedly connected with the inner wall of furnace body, and fire grate is equipped with ignition module, are equipped with fume treatment above fume treatment room Component, fume treatment room side are equipped with filter assemblies, and filter assemblies one end is through to outside furnace body to be connected with No.1 blower, and one Number blower is connected with smoke exhaust pipe, and furnace body side is equipped with feeding device, feeding device inside furnace body to burner hearth, furnace body far from into The side of material device is additionally provided with air intake assembly, and air intake assembly is connected with burner hearth and second-time burning chamber interior respectively, right on furnace body Answer the position of waste chamber to be provided with discharge gate, discharge gate is equipped with discharge door, hinged between discharge door and furnace body, feeding device and Air intake assembly is electrically connected with controller.
Further, the fume treatment component includes communication chamber and multiple atomizers, and multiple atomizers are set to On the roof of fume treatment chamber interior, communication chamber is set to furnace body outer tip end, and multiple atomizer upper ends are through to outside furnace body Portion is connected with communication chamber, and communication chamber side is placed with lime slurry, stirs by being communicated with a mixing bowl communicating pipe in a mixing bowl No. two motors are installed, the output end of No. two motors is through to the agitating paddle that is internally connected with of a mixing bowl, a mixing bowl above cylinder Side be communicated with supply pipe, be equipped with deduster close to the side of smoke exhaust pipe in fume treatment room, electromagnetism be additionally provided on communicating pipe Valve, solenoid valve and controller are electrically connected.
Further, described filter assemblies one end is connected with fume treatment chamber interior, and filter assemblies include setting gradually Drying layer, activated carbon adsorption layer and HIMOP filter layer.
Further, the feeding device includes feed hopper, inlet port and outlet port, and discharge port is set to the bottom of feed hopper And be connected inside burner hearth, feed inlet is set to the one end of feed hopper far from discharge port, is equipped with for sealing or opening at feed inlet The No.1 turnover door of feed inlet is opened, discharge outlet is equipped with No. two turnover doors for sealing or opening discharge port, No.1 turnover door The top of No.1 driver including heat-insulated trapdoor and the heat-insulated trapdoor of driving, heat-insulated trapdoor and feed hopper is hinged, and No. two Turnover door includes thermally conductive trapdoor and No. two drivers for driving thermally conductive trapdoor, the bottom end hinge of thermally conductive trapdoor and feed hopper It connecing, No.1 driver and No. two drivers are electrically connected with controller, and the upper end of feed hopper is also connected with No. two blowers, and No. two Blower is connected with heating pipe, and heating pipe is through to furnace interior far from one end of No. two blowers and is connected with fume treatment room, The bottom end of feed hopper is also communicated with landfill leachate fairlead, and refuse leachate fairlead lower end is connected with refuse leachate storage Case.
Further, multiple heat transfer holes are additionally provided on the thermally conductive trapdoor.
Further, web plate is additionally provided between the feed hopper and landfill leachate fairlead.
Further, it is equipped with partition above the burner hearth, center position is fixedly installed with No.1 motor, No.1 on partition Outsides cover of electric machinery is equipped with protective cover, and the output end of No.1 motor is connected with shaft, auger leaf is fixedly installed in shaft.
Further, the air intake assembly includes to wind portion, a blast pipe and secondary wind inleting tube, to the output end in wind portion Be connected with a blast pipe and secondary wind inleting tube, the output end of a blast pipe inside furnace body to burner hearth, to wind portion with Primary air inlet valve is equipped between blast pipe, primary air inlet valve and controller are electrically connected, the output of secondary wind inleting tube End is given through furnace body to second-time burning chamber interior and is equipped with secondary air valve, secondary air valve between wind portion and secondary wind inleting tube Door is electrically connected with controller.
Further, temperature detector, temperature detector and controller electricity are equipped in the burner hearth and second-time burning room Property connection.
The medicine have the advantages that fume treatment component can uniformly spray flue gas, sulphur removal is effectively raised Effect;Filter assemblies can be to the pernicious gas and the further filtration treatment of sundries in flue gas, after avoiding toxic gas from discharging Cause environmental pollution;Rubbish is stirred in burner hearth, can effectively be avoided sanitary fill blocking, be avoided incineration firing insufficient Phenomenon, so as to reduce the yield of poisonous and harmful flue gas.
Detailed description of the invention
Content expressed by this specification attached drawing and the label in figure are briefly described below:
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Wherein, 1, furnace body, 2, waste chamber, 3, fire grate, 4, burner hearth, 5, secondary combustion chamber, 6, fume treatment room, 7, at flue gas Reason component, 8, filter assemblies, 9, feeding device, 10, air intake assembly, 11, discharge door, 12, temperature detector, 13, No.1 blower, 14, smoke exhaust pipe, 31, ignition module, 41, partition, 42, No.1 motor, 43, protective cover, 44, shaft, 45, auger leaf, 71, Atomizer, 72, communication chamber, 73, communicating pipe, 74, a mixing bowl, 75, No. two motors, 76, agitating paddle, 77, supply pipe, 78, remove Dirt device, 79, solenoid valve, 81, drying layer, 82, activated carbon adsorption layer, 83, HIMOP filter layer, 91, feed hopper, 92, feed inlet, 93, discharge port, 94, No.1 turnover door, 95, No. two turnover doors, 96, No. two blowers, 97, heating pipe, 98, landfill leachate extraction Pipe, 99, refuse leachate storage bin, 910, web plate, 941, heat-insulated trapdoor, 942, No.1 driver, 951, thermally conductive trapdoor, 952, No. two drivers, 101, give wind portion, 102, blast pipes, 103, once enter the wind valve, 104, secondary wind inleting tube, 105, Secondary air valve.
Specific embodiment
Below by the description to embodiment, the shape of for example related each component of a specific embodiment of the invention, structure It makes, the mutual alignment between each section and connection relationship, the effect of each section and working principle, manufacturing process and the side of operating with Method etc., is described in further detail, completeer to help those skilled in the art to have inventive concept of the invention, technical solution Whole, accurate and deep understanding.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of refuse incinerator of high-efficiency environment friendly, including furnace body 1 and controller, in furnace body 1 from top to bottom It is successively arranged waste chamber 2, fire grate 3, burner hearth 4, secondary combustion chamber 5 and fume treatment room 6, the fixed company of the inner wall of fire grate 3 and furnace body 1 It connecing, fire grate 3 escapes in waste chamber 2 for waste incineration residue, and fire grate 3 is equipped with the ignition module 31 lighted a fire to rubbish, At the flue gas for being used to generate waste incineration equipped with fume treatment component 7, fume treatment component 7 above fume treatment room 6 Reason, the pollution for preventing flue gas to be expelled directly out incinerator to atmosphere, 6 side of fume treatment room are equipped with filter assemblies 8, filter assemblies 8 For will through treated for fume treatment room 6, flue gas is filtered, 8 one end of filter assemblies is through to 1 outside of furnace body and No.1 wind Machine 13 is connected, and No.1 blower 13 is connected with smoke exhaust pipe 14, and No.1 blower 13 is for extracting filtered flue gas out, furnace body 1 one Side is equipped with feeding device 9, and inside the furnace body 1 to burner hearth 4, feeding device 9 is used for being sent into rubbish in burner hearth 4 feeding device 9, Furnace body 1 is additionally provided with air intake assembly 10 far from the side of feeding device 9, and air intake assembly 10 is respectively and in burner hearth 4 and secondary combustion chamber 5 Portion is connected, and the position that waste chamber 2 is corresponded on furnace body 1 is provided with discharge gate, and discharge gate is equipped with discharge door 11, discharge door 11 with Hinged between furnace body 1, discharge door 11 is opened can be with the residue after the burning in clear away waste room 2, feeding device 9 and air inlet Component 10 is electrically connected with controller.
Fume treatment component 7 includes communication chamber 72 and multiple atomizers 71, and multiple atomizers 71 are set at flue gas It manages on the roof inside room 6, communication chamber 72 is set to 1 outer tip end of furnace body, and multiple 71 upper ends of atomizer are through to outside furnace body 1 Portion is connected with communication chamber 72, and 72 side of communication chamber is placed with stone in a mixing bowl 74 by being communicated with a mixing bowl 74 communicating pipe 73 Grey slurries, in the spray drying tower with smoke contacts, lime slurry reacts the lime slurry being atomized by atomizer 71 with SO2 After generate solid reactant, the top of a mixing bowl 74 is equipped with No. two motors 75, and the output end of No. two motors 75 is through to stirring Cylinder 74 is internally connected with agitating paddle 76, and the side of a mixing bowl 74 is communicated with supply pipe 77, and supply pipe 77 is used for a mixing bowl 74 Interior addition lime slurry is equipped with deduster 78 close to the side of smoke exhaust pipe 14 in fume treatment room 6, and deduster 78 is for absorbing cigarette The solid reactant of the substance in flying dust and flue gas in gas and lime slurry reaction generation, is additionally provided with electromagnetism on communicating pipe 73 Valve 79, solenoid valve 79 and controller are electrically connected.
Be connected inside 8 one end of filter assemblies and fume treatment room 6, filter assemblies 8 include set gradually drying layer 81, Activated carbon adsorption layer 82 and HIMOP filter layer 83.It is filled with silica-gel desiccant in drying layer 81, adsorbs the steam in flue gas; HIMOP filter layer 83 can effectively decompose the pollutant in flue gas using the composite modified zeolite of polycrystalline (HIMOP), such as formaldehyde, ammonia Gas, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrogen sulfide etc..
Feeding device 9 include feed hopper 91, feed inlet 92 and discharge port 93, discharge port 93 be set to feed hopper 91 bottom and It is connected with inside burner hearth 4, feed inlet 92 is set to the one end of feed hopper 91 far from discharge port 93, is equipped at feed inlet 92 for close The No.1 turnover door 94 of feed inlet 92 is sealed or opened, No. two overturnings for sealing or opening discharge port 93 are equipped at discharge port 93 Door 95, No.1 turnover door 94 include heat-insulated trapdoor 941 and the No.1 driver 942 for driving heat-insulated trapdoor 941, heat-insulated trap Door is 941 hinged with the top of feed hopper 91, and the heat-insulated use of trapdoor 941 heat-barrier material can exclude the heat in burner hearth 4, and No. two Turnover door 95 includes thermally conductive trapdoor 951 and No. two drivers 952 for driving thermally conductive trapdoor 951, thermally conductive trapdoor 951 with into The bottom end of hopper 91 is hinged, and thermally conductive trapdoor 951 is made of Heat Conduction Material, and No.1 driver 942 and No. two drivers 952 are equal It being electrically connected with controller, the heat that incineration firing generates in burner hearth 4 dries the rubbish on thermally conductive trapdoor 951, to When pouring into rubbish in feed hopper 91, controller control No.1 driver 942 opens heat-insulated trapdoor 941, and rubbish enters feed hopper It is temporarily stored in 91 in feed hopper 91, after completing to pour into rubbish work, No.1 driver 942 drives heat-insulated trapdoor 941 to overturn And make to seal in feed hopper 91, rubbish is preheated in feed hopper 91, when the rubbish in feed hopper 91 is poured into burner hearth 4, Controller controls No. two drivers 952 and opens thermally conductive trapdoor 951, so that rubbish is fallen into burner hearth 4, when binman is poured into completion After work, No. two drivers 952 drive thermally conductive trapdoor 951 to overturn and seal feed hopper 91, and the upper end of feed hopper 91 is also connected with There are No. two blowers 96, No. two blowers 96 are connected with heating pipe 97, and heating pipe 97 is through to furnace body 1 far from one end of No. two blowers 96 Internal and be connected with fume treatment room 6, No. two blowers 96 extract the hot gas after drying rubbish and are discharged into cigarette by heating pipe 97 Inside gas disposal room 6, the bottom end of feed hopper 91 is also communicated with landfill leachate fairlead 98,98 lower end of refuse leachate fairlead It is connected with refuse leachate storage bin 99, refuse leachate fairlead 98 is for collecting the liquid oozed out in the biggish rubbish of moisture Body.
Multiple heat transfer holes are additionally provided on thermally conductive trapdoor 951, the hot gas that incineration firing generates in burner hearth 4 passes through heat transfer hole pair Rubbish in feed hopper 91 is dried.
Web plate 910 is additionally provided between feed hopper 91 and landfill leachate fairlead 98, web plate 910 is for preventing small volume Rubbish fallen into landfill leachate fairlead 98 from feed hopper 91.
Partition 41 is equipped with above burner hearth 4, center position is fixedly installed with No.1 motor 42, No.1 motor 42 on partition 41 It is covered with protective cover 43 outside, for protective cover 43 for heat-insulated, the output end of No.1 motor 42 is connected with shaft 44, fixes in shaft 44 Auger leaf 45 is installed, auger leaf 45 stirs the rubbish being incinerated, makes its fully oxidized burning, so as to effectively keep away Exempt from that rubbish is in heaps, the insufficient phenomenon of burning, can reduce the yield of poisonous and harmful flue gas, at the same when rubbish from feed hopper 91 into When entering in burner hearth 4, auger leaf 45 can make rubbish become loosely, and shaft 44 and auger leaf 45 are all made of heat-resisting material Material.
Air intake assembly 10 includes to the blast pipe 102 of wind portion 101, one times and secondary wind inleting tube 104, to the output in wind portion 101 End is connected with a blast pipe 102 and secondary wind inleting tube 104, and the output end of a blast pipe 102 is through furnace body 1 to burner hearth 4 Valve 103 and controller are once entered the wind to primary air inlet valve 103 is equipped between wind portion 101 and a blast pipe 102 in inside It is electrically connected, controller enters the hot wind in burner hearth 4 by primary air inlet valve 103 control of control, and one time blast pipe 102 is passed through High temperature air, high temperature air light rubbish substantially so that the incineration firing in burner hearth 4 is abundant, secondary wind inleting tube 104 it is defeated Outlet gives inside furnace body 1 to secondary combustion chamber 5 and is equipped with secondary air valve between wind portion 101 and secondary wind inleting tube 104 105, secondary air valve 105 and controller are electrically connected, and controller is entered secondary by the control control of secondary air valve 105 Hot wind in combustion chamber 5, secondary wind inleting tube 104 are passed through high temperature air, carry out last burning, so that in secondary combustion chamber 5 Incineration firing is abundant.
Temperature detector 12 is equipped in burner hearth 4 and secondary combustion chamber 5, temperature detector 12 and controller are electrically connected, Temperature detector 12 is for the temperature in real-time monitoring hearth 4 and secondary combustion chamber 5, to reach better combustion efficiency.
The working principle of the invention: when pouring into rubbish into feed hopper 91, controller control No.1 driver 942 open every Hot trapdoor 941, rubbish, which enters in feed hopper 91, to be temporarily stored in feed hopper 91, after completing to pour into rubbish work, No.1 driving Device 942 drives heat-insulated trapdoor 941 to overturn and makes to seal in feed hopper 91, and rubbish is preheated in feed hopper 91, will be fed When rubbish in bucket 91 is poured into burner hearth 4, controller controls No. two drivers 952 and opens thermally conductive trapdoor 951, so that rubbish falls Enter in burner hearth 4, after completing to pour into rubbish work, No. two drivers 952 drive thermally conductive trapdoor 951 to overturn and make feed hopper 91 Sealing;
Controller enters the hot wind in burner hearth 4 by primary air inlet valve 103 control of control, and one time blast pipe 102 is passed through High temperature air, high temperature air light rubbish substantially, so that the incineration firing in burner hearth 4 is abundant;
Controller enters the hot wind in secondary combustion chamber 5, secondary wind inleting tube by the control control of secondary air valve 105 104 are passed through high temperature air, carry out last burning, so that the incineration firing in secondary combustion chamber 5 is abundant.
Flue gas after burning enters in fume treatment room 6, and the hot gas that No. two blowers 96 extract after drying rubbish passes through hot gas Pipe 97 is discharged into inside fume treatment room 6, is connect in the spray drying tower with flue gas by the lime slurry that atomizer 71 is atomized Touching, lime slurry generate solid reactant after reacting with SO2, deduster 78 absorbs the substance in flying dust and flue gas in flue gas The solid reactant generated with lime slurry reaction;
Drying layer 81 adsorbs the steam in flue gas;HIMOP filter layer 83 can effectively decompose the pollutant in flue gas, so that row The pollutant that the flue gas of releasing carries is less.
The present invention is exemplarily described above, it is clear that present invention specific implementation is not subject to the restrictions described above, As long as using the improvement for the various unsubstantialities that the inventive concept and technical scheme of the present invention carry out, or not improved this is sent out Bright conception and technical scheme directly apply to other occasions, within the scope of the present invention.Protection of the invention Range should be determined by the scope of protection defined in the claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of refuse incinerator of high-efficiency environment friendly, it is characterised in that: including furnace body (1) and controller, in the furnace body (1) from Under to being above successively arranged waste chamber (2), fire grate (3), burner hearth (4), secondary combustion chamber (5) and fume treatment room (6), fire grate (3) It is fixedly connected with the inner wall of furnace body (1), fire grate (3) is equipped with ignition module (31), is equipped at flue gas above fume treatment room (6) Manage component (7), fume treatment room (6) side is equipped with filter assemblies (8), filter assemblies (8) one end be through to furnace body (1) it is external with No.1 blower (13) is connected, and No.1 blower (13) is connected with smoke exhaust pipe (14), and furnace body (1) side is equipped with feeding device (9), into Expect that device (9) are internal to burner hearth (4) through furnace body (1), furnace body (1) is additionally provided with air intake assembly far from the side of feeding device (9) (10), air intake assembly (10) is connected with inside burner hearth (4) and secondary combustion chamber (5) respectively, and furnace body corresponds to waste chamber on (1) (2) position is provided with discharge gate, and discharge gate is equipped with discharge door (11), hinged between discharge door (11) and furnace body (1), charging Device (9) and air intake assembly (10) are electrically connected with controller.
2. waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the fume treatment component (7) includes communication chamber (72) it is set on fume treatment room (6) internal roof with multiple atomizers (71), multiple atomizers (71), communication chamber (72) it is set to furnace body (1) outer tip end, multiple atomizer (71) upper ends are through to furnace body (1) outside and communication chamber (72) phase Connection, communication chamber (72) side are communicated with a mixing bowl (74) by communicating pipe (73), are placed with lime slurry in a mixing bowl (74), No. two motors (75) are installed, the output end of No. two motors (75) is through to the inside of a mixing bowl (74) above a mixing bowl (74) It is connected with agitating paddle (76), the side of a mixing bowl (74) is communicated with supply pipe (77), close to smoke exhaust pipe in fume treatment room (6) (14) side is equipped with deduster (78), is additionally provided on communicating pipe (73) solenoid valve (79), and solenoid valve (79) and controller are electrical Connection.
3. waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described filter assemblies (8) one end and fume treatment It is connected inside room (6), filter assemblies (8) include the drying layer (81), activated carbon adsorption layer (82) and HIMOP mistake set gradually Filtering layer (83).
4. waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the feeding device (9) include feed hopper (91), Feed inlet (92) and discharge port (93), discharge port (93) are set to the bottom of feed hopper (91) and are connected with burner hearth (4) inside, into Material mouth (92) is set to the one end of feed hopper (91) far from discharge port (93), is equipped at feed inlet (92) for sealing or opening charging The No.1 turnover door (94) of mouthful (92) is equipped with No. two turnover doors for sealing or opening discharge port (93) at discharge port (93) (95), No.1 turnover door (94) includes the No.1 driver (942) of heat-insulated trapdoor (941) and the heat-insulated trapdoor (941) of driving, Heat-insulated trapdoor (941) and the top of feed hopper (91) are hinged, and No. two turnover doors (95) include thermally conductive trapdoor (951) and driving No. two drivers (952) of thermally conductive trapdoor (951), thermally conductive trapdoor (951) and the bottom end of feed hopper (91) are hinged, and No.1 is driven Dynamic device (942) and No. two drivers (952) are electrically connected with controller, and the upper end of feed hopper (91) is also connected with No. two blowers (96), No. two blowers (96) are connected with heating pipe (97), and heating pipe (97) is through to furnace body far from one end of No. two blowers (96) (1) it is connected inside and with fume treatment room (6), the bottom end of feed hopper (91) is also communicated with landfill leachate fairlead (98), Refuse leachate fairlead (98) lower end is connected with refuse leachate storage bin (99).
5. waste incinerator according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: be additionally provided on the thermally conductive trapdoor (951) more A heat transfer hole.
6. waste incinerator according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the feed hopper (91) and landfill leachate are drawn Web plate (910) are additionally provided between pipe (98).
7. waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: partition (41) are equipped with above the burner hearth (4), every Center position is fixedly installed with No.1 motor (42) on plate (41), and protective cover (43), No.1 are covered with outside No.1 motor (42) The output end of motor (42) is connected with shaft (44), and auger leaf (45) are fixedly installed in shaft (44).
8. waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the air intake assembly (10) includes giving wind portion (101), a blast pipe (102) and secondary wind inleting tube (104), to wind portion (101) output end and a blast pipe (102) and Secondary wind inleting tube (104) is connected, and the output end of a blast pipe (102) is internal to burner hearth (4) through furnace body (1), gives wind portion (101) it is equipped with primary air inlet valve (103) between a blast pipe (102), once enters the wind valve (103) and controller is electrical Connection, the output end of secondary wind inleting tube (104) is internal to secondary combustion chamber (5) through furnace body (1), to wind portion (101) with it is secondary Secondary air valve (105) are equipped between blast pipe (104), secondary air valve (105) and controller are electrically connected.
9. waste incinerator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the burner hearth (4) and secondary combustion chamber (5) Equipped with temperature detector (12), temperature detector (12) and controller are electrically connected.
CN201811045292.5A 2018-09-07 2018-09-07 A kind of refuse incinerator of high-efficiency environment friendly Pending CN109357264A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110469854A (en) * 2019-08-23 2019-11-19 南安市尚赢机械科技有限公司 A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification burning processing equipment
CN110617488A (en) * 2019-10-08 2019-12-27 合肥米弘智能科技有限公司 Plastic bag film type domestic garbage treatment incinerator

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58219316A (en) * 1982-06-14 1983-12-20 Ebara Corp Fluidized bed type incinerator
CN202118934U (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-01-18 刘谦 Sealed feeding bin
CN205227341U (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-05-11 碎得机械(北京)有限公司 A charge -in system for waste incineration preliminary treatment
CN206709079U (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-12-05 饶勇 The small-sized domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system of villages and small towns level

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58219316A (en) * 1982-06-14 1983-12-20 Ebara Corp Fluidized bed type incinerator
CN202118934U (en) * 2011-06-14 2012-01-18 刘谦 Sealed feeding bin
CN205227341U (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-05-11 碎得机械(北京)有限公司 A charge -in system for waste incineration preliminary treatment
CN206709079U (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-12-05 饶勇 The small-sized domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system of villages and small towns level

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110469854A (en) * 2019-08-23 2019-11-19 南安市尚赢机械科技有限公司 A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification burning processing equipment
CN110469854B (en) * 2019-08-23 2020-12-11 广西宣承环境科技有限公司 Garbage pyrolysis gasification incineration treatment equipment
CN110617488A (en) * 2019-10-08 2019-12-27 合肥米弘智能科技有限公司 Plastic bag film type domestic garbage treatment incinerator

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