CN109346348B - Full-automatic assembling production system for micro-switches and sorting and feeding device according to sincere - Google Patents

Full-automatic assembling production system for micro-switches and sorting and feeding device according to sincere Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109346348B
CN109346348B CN201811182388.6A CN201811182388A CN109346348B CN 109346348 B CN109346348 B CN 109346348B CN 201811182388 A CN201811182388 A CN 201811182388A CN 109346348 B CN109346348 B CN 109346348B
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China
Prior art keywords
assembly
pressing
feeding
sorting
seat
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CN201811182388.6A
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CN109346348A (en
Inventor
王加骇
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Kunshan shengowei Automation Technology Co., Ltd
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Kunshan Shengowei Automation Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811182388.6A priority Critical patent/CN109346348B/en
Publication of CN109346348A publication Critical patent/CN109346348A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H11/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for the manufacture of electric switches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/04Sorting according to size
    • B07C5/10Sorting according to size measured by light-responsive means

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of production of electronic elements, in particular to a full-automatic assembling production system of a microswitch and a sincere sorting and feeding device. A sincere selects separately loading attachment according to sincere for the full-automatic assembly of micro-gap switch, the apparatus includes according to sincere centrifuge disc subassembly, according to sincere vibration material rail assembly, according to sincere to move and get the block, concrete chute, eleventh air cylinder, fifth mount pad, carrying mechanical arm mechanism, according to sincere hold-down mechanism and third photoelectric sensor assembly; the invention solves the problem of high assembly difficulty in the assembly process of the pressing device, and the shape of the pressing device can not be assembled in place by one step like a terminal, so the pressing device is divided into three parts, sorted, assembled and pressed, and the processed finished product has high qualification rate and small interference among mechanisms.

Description

Full-automatic assembling production system for micro-switches and sorting and feeding device according to sincere
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of production of electronic elements, in particular to a full-automatic assembling production system of a microswitch and a sincere sorting and feeding device.
Background
The microswitch is a switch having a minute contact interval and a snap action mechanism, which is a contact mechanism for performing a switching operation with a predetermined stroke and a predetermined force, covered with a case, and having a drive lever outside. The microswitch consists of a front shell, a rear shell, an internal switch mechanism, a terminal, a pressing part and an elastic sheet, and has higher complexity in assembly. The existing assembly mode is completed through manual assistance, and the assembly of other equipment cannot cover the assembly of all components.
The existing equipment has the following defects: 1. the automation degree is low, the working efficiency is low, and the dependence on manpower is large; 2. the feeding of fine components of the micro-switch cannot be accurately finished, so that the failure rate of the equipment is high; 3. in the circulation process of the workpiece, the positioning is unreliable, so that the dislocation phenomenon is caused, and the product percent of pass is low; 4. the assembly is not reliable and is easy to loosen; 5. qualified products and unqualified products of the products cannot be detected and sorted.
Therefore, the applicant applies for a full-automatic assembling production system of a microswitch, which comprises a rack, and a feeding and conveying line device, an assembling and conveying line device, a terminal sorting and feeding device, a pressing and sorting and feeding device, a transition carrying device, an elastic piece sorting and feeding device, an assembled post-processing and conveying line device, a rear shell sorting and feeding device and a sorting and discharging device which are arranged on the rack; along the material processing direction, the feeding conveying line device, the assembling conveying line device, the transition conveying device, the post-assembling treatment conveying line device and the sorting and blanking device are sequentially arranged in an interlocking manner; the assembly conveying line device is connected with the feeding conveying line device, and the assembly of the two terminals and the pressing units is completed on the assembly conveying line device; the terminal sorting and feeding device and the pressing sorting and feeding device are both fixedly arranged on the rack and are correspondingly assembled with the conveying line device, wherein the terminal sorting and feeding devices are provided with two groups; the transition carrying device is connected with the assembly conveying line device; the pellet sorting and feeding device and the rear shell sorting and feeding device are correspondingly assembled with the post-processing conveying line device; the sorting and blanking device is positioned at the tail end of the assembled post-processing conveying line device; the production system has high automation degree, high working efficiency and high qualification rate of finished products.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problem of high assembly difficulty of the pressing core in the assembly process, the invention aims to provide the pressing core sorting and feeding device for the full-automatic assembly of the microswitch, and the device has the advantages of high qualification rate of processed finished products and small interference among mechanisms.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a sincere selects separately loading attachment according to sincere for the full-automatic assembly of micro-gap switch, the apparatus includes according to sincere centrifuge disc subassembly, according to sincere vibration material rail assembly, according to sincere to move and get the block, concrete chute, eleventh air cylinder, fifth mount pad, carrying mechanical arm mechanism, according to sincere hold-down mechanism and third photoelectric sensor assembly; the pressing centrifugal disc component and the pressing vibration material rail component are both arranged on the rack, and the pressing vibration material rail component is connected with the pressing centrifugal disc component; the fifth mounting seat is fixedly arranged on the rack, the sliding groove is arranged on the fifth mounting seat, and the third photoelectric sensor assembly is arranged on the sliding groove; the pressing and clamping moving block is movably matched in the sliding groove and is connected with an outlet of the pressing and clamping vibration material rail assembly, and a groove matched with the appearance of the pressing and clamping h is formed in the pressing and clamping moving block; the fixed end of the eleventh air cylinder is arranged on the fifth mounting seat, and the telescopic end of the eleventh air cylinder is connected with the press and sincere moving block; the carrying manipulator mechanism is arranged on the rack, clamps the pressing part h in the pressing part moving block and assembles the pressing part h into a workpiece of an e station of the assembly conveying line device; the pressing mechanism is arranged on the fifth mounting seat; the pressing and clamping moving block moves back and forth under the driving of the eleventh cylinder, each pressing and clamping h is selected back and forth, and after the pressing and clamping moving block is detected by the third photoelectric sensor assembly, the carrying manipulator mechanism is controlled to clamp, carry and assemble the pressing and clamping h into a workpiece; and the assembled workpiece is pressed by a pressing mechanism.
As a further improvement, the carrying manipulator mechanism is controlled by the moving module to move transversely, controlled by the twelfth air cylinder to move vertically, controlled by the rotating air cylinder to rotate, controlled by the finger air cylinder to clamp, and matched with the above motions, the pressing part h is clamped and carried from the pressing part moving block to a workpiece to be assembled in the assembling conveyor line device.
As a further improvement, the pressing and clamping mechanism comprises a fifth mounting seat, a twelfth air cylinder, a movable groove plate, a finger-shaped push plate, a connecting buckle plate, a movable seat, a swinging block, a shifting piece, an idler wheel and a clamping block; the fifth mounting seat is fixedly arranged on the rack, the twelfth air cylinder and the movable groove plate are arranged on the fifth mounting seat, and the telescopic end of the twelfth air cylinder is connected with the finger-shaped push plate; the sliding chute of the movable chute plate is provided with two steps which are divided into a high step and a low step; the lower step is matched and connected with a buckle plate, and the high step is movably connected with a finger-shaped push plate and a movable seat; the upper end of the finger-shaped push plate is provided with a right-angle-shaped lug, and the end part of the finger-shaped push plate is provided with an arc chamfer; the two ends of the connecting buckle plate are provided with raised steps, one end of the connecting buckle plate is fixedly buckled with the lower end surface of the finger-shaped push plate, and the other end of the connecting buckle plate is movably buckled with the lower end of the movable seat; the spring is pressed, and two ends of the spring are respectively contacted with the finger-shaped push plate and the movable seat; the central part of the swinging block is rotatably connected in the moving seat, the swinging block consists of an arc end and a flat straight section, the arc end is provided with a roller, the flat straight section is provided with a shifting sheet, the flat straight section is provided with an arc-shaped groove u, and the arc-shaped groove u is connected with a round hole on the side wall of the moving seat through a pin; the pressing block is arranged on the movable seat, and the end part of the pressing block is provided with a protruding top block t for pressing the pressing block;
when the pressing and clamping mechanism works, the twelfth cylinder pushes the finger-shaped push plate to move, the movable seat is pushed to move through flexible transmission of the spring, and then the pressing block is enabled to press the pressing and clamping in the workpiece through rigid transmission of the connecting buckle plate; and in the process that the finger-shaped push plate is close to the moving seat, the upper end of the finger-shaped push plate is contacted with the roller to press the roller downwards, the swinging block swings upwards through a lever principle, and the elastic element in the workpiece is pulled upwards through the pull sheet to prepare for the subsequent assembly of a second terminal.
The invention also discloses a full-automatic assembling production system of the microswitch, which comprises a rack, and a feeding and conveying line device, an assembling and conveying line device, a terminal sorting and feeding device, a sincere sorting and feeding device, a transition carrying device, an elastic sheet sorting and feeding device, an assembled post-processing conveying line device, a rear shell sorting and feeding device and a sorting and discharging device which are arranged on the rack; along the material processing direction, the feeding conveying line device, the assembling conveying line device, the transition conveying device, the post-assembling treatment conveying line device and the sorting and blanking device are sequentially arranged in an interlocking manner; the assembly conveying line device is connected with the feeding conveying line device, and the assembly of the two terminals and the pressing units is completed on the assembly conveying line device; the terminal sorting and feeding device and the pressing sorting and feeding device are both fixedly arranged on the rack and are correspondingly assembled with the conveying line device, wherein the terminal sorting and feeding devices are provided with two groups; the transition carrying device is connected with the assembly conveying line device; the pellet sorting and feeding device and the rear shell sorting and feeding device are correspondingly assembled with the post-processing conveying line device; the sorting and blanking device is positioned at the tail end of the assembled post-processing conveying line device; the sincere sorting and feeding device adopts the sincere sorting and feeding device.
The invention adopts the technical scheme, solves the problem of high assembly difficulty in the assembly process of the pressing part, and the pressing part can be assembled in place in one step unlike a terminal, so that the pressing part is divided into three parts, namely, sorting, assembling and pressing, the qualification rate of a processed finished product is high, and the interference among mechanisms is small.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of an explosive structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an exploded view of a feed conveyor assembly.
Fig. 3 is an exploded view of the feed rail assembly.
Fig. 4 is an exploded view of the blanking control assembly.
Fig. 5 is an exploded view of the side end clamp assembly.
Fig. 6 is an exploded view of the bottom end positioning assembly.
Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of the explosion structure of the feeding turnover mechanism.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the material pushing module.
Fig. 9 is an exploded view of the flip module.
Fig. 10 is an exploded view of an assembled conveyor assembly.
Fig. 11 is an exploded view of the step feed assembly.
Fig. 12 is an exploded view of the drive assembly.
Fig. 13 is an exploded view of the terminal sorting and feeding device.
Fig. 14 is an exploded view of the rotary receiver module.
Fig. 15 is an exploded view of the push terminal assembly.
Fig. 16 is a schematic diagram of the explosion structure of the pressing sorting feeding device.
Fig. 17 is an exploded view of the handling robot mechanism.
Fig. 18 is an exploded view of the pressing mechanism.
Fig. 19 is an exploded view of the transition handling apparatus.
Fig. 20 is a schematic structural view of the pusher assembly.
Fig. 21 is an exploded view of the swivel base assembly.
Fig. 22 is an exploded view of the spring sorting and loading device.
Fig. 23 is an exploded view of the lifting and lowering transfer assembly.
Fig. 24 is a schematic structural diagram of a transverse pushing assembly and a longitudinal pushing assembly.
Fig. 25 is an exploded view of the flip assembly.
Fig. 26 is an exploded view of the handling conveyor assembly after assembly.
Fig. 27 is an exploded view of the step transferring assembly.
Fig. 28 is an exploded view of the swage assembly.
Fig. 29 is an exploded view of a back shell package assembly.
Fig. 30 is an exploded view of the terminal correction assembly.
Fig. 31 is an exploded view of the rear shell sorting and feeding device.
Fig. 32 is an exploded view of the sorting and blanking device.
Fig. 33 is an exploded view of the reverse take off mechanism.
Fig. 34 is an exploded view of the reject pusher mechanism.
Fig. 35 is an exploded view of the reject discharge mechanism.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1, the microswitch production equipment comprises a rack 1, and a feeding conveyor line device 2, an assembling conveyor line device 3, a terminal sorting and feeding device 4, a sincere sorting and feeding device 5, a transition conveying device 6, a shrapnel sorting and feeding device 7, an assembling post-processing conveyor line device 8, a rear shell sorting and feeding device 9 and a sorting and discharging device 10 which are arranged on the rack; along the material processing direction, the feeding conveying line device 2, the assembling conveying line device 3, the transition carrying device 6, the post-assembling treatment conveying line device 8 and the sorting and blanking device 10 are sequentially arranged in an interlocking manner; the feeding and conveying line device 2 is used for conveying pre-assembled microswitch front shell feeding; the assembly conveying line device 3 is connected with the feeding conveying line device 2 and used for pushing workpieces to sequentially enter corresponding stations for operation, and the assembly of the two terminals and the pressing units is completed on the assembly conveying line device 3; the terminal sorting and feeding device 4 and the sincere sorting and feeding device 5 are both fixedly arranged on the rack 1 and correspondingly assembled with the conveying line device 3, wherein two groups of the terminal sorting and feeding devices 4 are arranged; the transition conveying device 6 is connected with the assembly conveying line device 3 and is used for conveying the workpieces into an assembly post-processing conveying line device 8; the assembly post-processing conveying line device 8 is used for assembling the elastic sheet and the rear shell and detecting; the elastic piece sorting and feeding device 7 and the rear shell sorting and feeding device 9 are correspondingly assembled with a post-processing conveying line device 8 which is used for feeding elastic pieces and rear shells respectively; the sorting and blanking device 10 is positioned at the tail end of the assembled post-processing conveying line device 8 and is used for blanking of the finished products.
The microswitch consists of a front shell, a small metal contact switch arranged in the front shell, two terminals at the end part, a pressing part and an elastic sheet at the side edge and a rear shell assembled finally.
As shown in fig. 2, the feeding conveyor line device 2 includes a feeding track assembly 21, a blanking control assembly 22, a side end clamping assembly 23, a bottom end positioning assembly 24 and a feeding turnover mechanism 25; the feeding track component 21 is installed on the frame 1, and the feeding mode is that the motor drives the belt to move, so as to carry the workpiece to feed. The blanking control component 22 is installed above the feeding track component 21 and used for controlling the blanking of the small parts in the microswitch. The side end clamping assembly 23 is installed on the side of the feeding track assembly 21, the bottom end positioning assembly 24 is installed below the feeding track assembly 21, the side end clamping assembly 23 is used for clamping a workpiece from the side, and the bottom end positioning assembly 24 is used for positioning the workpiece from the bottom end. The side end clamping assemblies 23 and the bottom end positioning assemblies 24 are arranged in two groups and respectively correspond to a blanking station a at the blanking control assembly 22 and a subsequent manual assembly station b. The feeding turnover mechanism 25 is mounted on the frame 1 and located at the discharge end of the feeding track assembly 21, and is used for turning over and carrying the preassembled microswitch.
When the feeding conveying line device 2 works, the feeding track assembly 21 carries the front shell feeding of the microswitch, the front shell feeding is positioned and clamped through the side end clamping assembly 23 and the bottom end positioning assembly 24 after reaching the blanking station a, and corresponding internal fine parts fall from the blanking control assembly 22 and enter the front shell. Then the front shell loaded with the small parts enters a manual assembly station b, and after the positioning and clamping are carried out, the small parts are manually installed inside the front shell, so that the pre-assembly is completed. The pre-assembled workpiece is carried on by the feeding rail assembly 21 and is turned over and carried at the discharge end by the loading and turning mechanism 25 to the assembly line device 3.
The feeding conveying line device 2 solves the problems of difficult assembly of small parts in the microswitch and low efficiency; the blanking control assembly 22 is used for dropping the small parts into the front shell, and then only the small parts need to be assembled manually, so that the problems of low efficiency and high error rate of manual discharging are avoided, the labor force is liberated to a certain extent, and the working efficiency and the product percent of pass are improved;
as shown in fig. 3, the side rail plate 211 of the feeding rail assembly 21 is mounted on the base 212, the side rail plate 211 of one side is provided with a guide hole 214, and the cover plate 213 is mounted above the side rail plate 211 and corresponds to the manual assembly station b; the side track plate 211 at the manual assembly station b is provided with an arc 215 transition, so that the width is widened in order to adapt to the protruding part of the side edge of the front shell after pre-assembly;
as shown in fig. 4, the blanking control assembly 22 includes a connecting blanking base 221, a first cylinder 222, an opening and closing circular hole plate 223 and a fixed blanking base 224; the connecting blanking seat 221 is installed on the fixed blanking seat 224, and a round hole 226 on the connecting blanking seat 221 and a round hole 227 on the fixed blanking seat 224 have the same outer diameter and are arranged coaxially; the fixed end of the first cylinder 222 is fixedly arranged on the connecting blanking seat 221, the telescopic end is connected with the opening and closing round hole plate 223, a round hole is also formed in the opening and closing round hole plate 223, and the opening and closing round hole plate 223 is movably matched in a square hole in the connecting blanking seat 221;
when the blanking control assembly 22 works, the first air cylinder 222 drives the opening and closing circular hole plate 223 to move back and forth, so that a circular hole channel formed by the connecting blanking seat 221 and the fixed blanking seat 224 is opened and closed;
as shown in fig. 5, the side end clamping assembly 23 includes a second cylinder 231, a second cylinder mounting plate 232 and a clamping column 233; the second air cylinder 231 is arranged on the side of the feeding track assembly 21 through a second air cylinder mounting plate 232, a core shaft of the second air cylinder 231 is connected with the clamping column 233, and the clamping column 233 is movably matched in the guide hole 214; the front housing in the feed rail assembly 21 is clamped by the extension of the second cylinder 231.
As shown in fig. 6, the bottom end positioning assembly 24 includes a third cylinder 241, a third cylinder mounting seat 242, a positioning plate 243 and a positioning post 244; the third cylinder 241 is mounted at the bottom end of the feeding rail assembly 21 through a third cylinder mounting seat 242, a positioning plate 243 is connected with a telescopic mandrel of the third cylinder 241, two positioning columns 244 are fixedly arranged on the positioning plate 243, and the top ends of the positioning columns 244 have sharp tops and correspond to two small holes 245 on the front shell c.
When the bottom end positioning assembly 24 works, the third cylinder 241 drives the positioning plate 243 and the positioning column 244 to move, and the positioning column 244 is buckled with the small hole 245 to realize positioning.
As shown in fig. 7, the feeding and turning mechanism 25 includes a pushing module 251 and a turning module 252, which are connected to each other and mounted on the frame 1; the turnover module 252 is used for turning over the pre-assembled workpiece, and the pushing module 251 is used for pushing the pre-assembled workpiece out to enter the assembly line device 3.
As shown in fig. 8, the material pushing module 251 includes a first mounting seat 2511, a fourth cylinder 2512, a push plate 2513, a discharging seat 2514, a guiding hole seat 2515, and a photoelectric sensor 2516. The first mounting seat 2511 is fixedly arranged on the frame 1, the fourth cylinder 2512 is mounted on the first mounting seat 2511, the telescopic end is connected with the push plate 2513, the push plate 2513 is movably matched in the guide hole seat 2515, and the guide hole seat 2515 is fixedly mounted on the first mounting seat 2511. The discharge seat 2514 is mounted on the first mounting seat 2511 and is internally provided with a cavity matching the pre-assembled front shell. A photoelectric sensor 2516 is mounted on the first mounting base 2511 and used for detecting whether the workpiece in the turnover module 252 is in place.
As shown in fig. 9, the flipping module 252 includes a second mounting seat 2521, a rotary seat 2522, a material receiving swing rod assembly 2523, a spring top block 2524, a latch 2525, a transmission rod 2526, and a fifth cylinder 2527; the second mounting seat 2521 is fixedly arranged on the rack 1, the rotary seat 2522 is mounted on the second mounting seat 2521, the rotating shaft 25231 of the material receiving swing rod assembly 2523 is rotatably connected in the rotary seat 2522, and a material receiving block 25232 for receiving a workpiece is arranged at an end of the material receiving swing rod assembly 2523. The thinner end of the spring top block 2524 is provided with a circular counter bore for placing a spring 2529, and the thicker end is installed at the lower end of the material receiving block 25232 through a screw; an inclined angle is arranged on the left side of the upper end of the fixture block 2525, a flange is arranged on the right side of the lower end of the fixture block 2525, the fixture block 2525 is movably matched in a square hole z of the material receiving block 25232, and the lower end surface of the fixture block is upwards jacked through a spring 2529; the advantage of the inclined angle of the latch 2525 is to allow the latch 2525 to be forced to move downward, and the advantage of the flange is to prevent the latch 2525 from falling upward. The transmission rod 2526 is fixedly mounted at the end of the rotation shaft 25231, the fixed end of the fifth cylinder 2527 is rotatably connected in the connecting seat 2528, and the telescopic end is rotatably connected with the transmission rod 2526 through a fisheye joint.
The feeding turnover mechanism 25 is completed by matching the material pushing module 251 and the turnover module 252 when working, and is specifically as follows: the pre-assembled workpiece enters the material receiving swing rod assembly 2523 through the discharge seat 2514, and after being detected by the photoelectric sensor 2516, the fifth cylinder 2527 is controlled to work to drive the material receiving swing rod assembly 2523 to rotate by 90 degrees, and the material receiving swing rod assembly 2523 corresponds to the guide hole seat 2515; the fourth cylinder 2512 then extends and the push plate 2513 pushes the workpiece into the assembly line device 3.
The feeding turnover mechanism 25 solves the technical problem of changing the posture of a workpiece, the front shell is suitable for a pre-assembly process in a lying posture by additionally arranging the mechanism, and the front shell is convenient to assemble by standing after turnover; and the push-in feeding mode ensures that the workpieces entering the assembly conveying line device 3 are convenient to control.
As shown in fig. 10, the assembly conveyor line device 3 includes a third mounting seat 31, a first linear rail moving assembly 32, a sixth air cylinder 33, a stepping feeding assembly 34, a driving assembly 35, a seventh air cylinder mounting seat 36, a seventh air cylinder 37, and a lifting limit strip 38; the third mount pad 31 is fixed to be set up in frame 1, and step-by-step feeding subassembly 34 moves through first linear rail moving subassembly 32 and connects on third mount pad 31, and the sixth cylinder 33 stiff end is installed on third mount pad 31, and flexible end is connected with step-by-step feeding subassembly 34 for adjust the distance of step-by-step feeding subassembly 34 depth. The driving assembly 35 is mounted on the step feeding assembly 34 and is used for driving the step feeding assembly 34 to work. Seventh cylinder 37 passes through seventh cylinder mount 36 and vertically installs on step-by-step feeding subassembly 34, and lift spacing 38 is installed on the flexible end of seventh cylinder 37, can see through the square hole entering on the step-by-step feeding subassembly 34 inside.
When the assembly conveying line device 3 works, firstly, the lifting limiting strip 38 is driven by the seventh air cylinder 37 to descend, then the sixth air cylinder 33 drives the stepping feeding assembly 34 to integrally move until the lifting limiting strip 38 is contacted with a discharge hole of the terminal sorting and feeding device 4, and the lifting limiting strip 38 is used as a feeler gauge during debugging and installation. Then the driving component 35 drives the pushing strip 346 inside the stepping feeding component 34 to move back and forth, so as to realize the stepping feeding motion of the workpiece, and the assembly of the terminal, the pressing component and the terminal is realized in sequence in the assembly conveying line device 3.
The problem of tightness of assembling of the micro-switch part is solved by the assembling conveying line device 3, the whole stepping feeding assembly 34 can be adjusted by arranging the lifting limiting strip 38, the optimal assembling depth is found, and the yield is improved; the workpiece is positioned and clamped, and the phenomenon of inaccurate assembly caused by looseness is prevented.
As shown in fig. 11, the step-feed assembly 34 includes an adjusting plate 341, a lower rail mount 342, an upper rail plate 343, a fixing lug 344, a clamping block 345, a pusher bar 346, a wedge block 347, a side shield 348, and a fiber sensor 349; the lower rail mount 342 is mounted on the adjustment plate 341, the upper rail plate 343 is mounted on the lower rail mount 342, and the workpiece to be assembled is located in the cavity formed by the two. The pusher bars 346 are movably fitted in the lower rail seats 342, a plurality of wedge blocks 347 are movably fitted in the pusher bars 346 and are pushed outward by springs so as to protrude from the surfaces of the pusher bars 346, the inclination angles of the wedge blocks 347 facing the workpiece feeding direction; the clamping block 345 is fitted in a stepped hole in the upper rail plate 343, the fixing lug 344 is mounted on the upper rail plate 343 and located right above the clamping block 345, the clamping block 345 is pressed downwards under the elastic force of a spring, and the lower end of the clamping block 345 is a plane provided with an arc chamfer to clamp a workpiece at the corresponding position. The side blocking plate 348 is mounted on the adjusting plate 341 and located on the side of the lower rail seat 342, and the side blocking plate 348 and the upper rail plate 343 are provided with matching notches for engaging with other devices during assembly. The optical fiber sensor 349 is installed on the upper rail plate 343 and is used to detect whether the workpiece is in place.
When the stepping feeding assembly 34 works, the pushing bar 346 moves back and forth under the driving of the driving assembly 35, when the pushing bar 346 moves towards the feeding end, the inclined angle of the wedge block 347 is extruded by the forced movement of the workpiece, and the workpiece is kept still; when the material pushing bar 346 moves towards the discharging end, the plane of the wedge block 347 pushes the workpiece to move in the same direction, and the moving distance is the distance between the two clamping blocks 345. When the workpiece is kept still, the clamping block 345 presses down to fix the workpiece, so that the assembly is convenient, and when the workpiece moves, the clamping block 345 can be forced to move upwards to move the workpiece; the workpiece is then moved stepwise in the lower rail base 342, the first terminal is assembled at d, the press latch is assembled at e, and the second terminal is assembled at f.
The stepping feeding assembly 34 solves the problems of circulation and positioning of workpieces among stations, is simple in structure, does not need other power sources, and is suitable for machining of small parts.
As shown in fig. 12, the driving assembly 35 includes an eighth cylinder 351, a transmission plate 352, a second linear rail moving assembly 353, a cylinder buffer 354 and a connecting rod 355; the eighth cylinder 351 is installed on the adjusting plate 341, the driving plate 352 is fixedly connected to the connecting rod 355, and the driving plate 352 is movably connected to the adjusting plate 341 through the second linear rail moving assembly 353. The end of the connecting rod 355 is fixedly connected with the pushing strip 346 in a buckling way, so that power transmission is realized.
When the driving assembly 35 works, the eighth cylinder 351 drives the connecting rod 355 to move back and forth, so that the material pushing bar 346 moves back and forth to drive the workpiece to move in a stepping manner.
As shown in fig. 13, the terminal sorting and feeding device 4 includes a terminal centrifugal disc 41, a terminal vibrating rail assembly 42, a rotary receiving frame assembly 43, a rotary rod 44, a ninth cylinder 45, a rear material guiding seat 46, a front material discharging seat 47, a rotary seat 48, a push terminal assembly 49, a second photoelectric sensor assembly 410, and a fourth mounting seat 411; the fourth mount pad 411 is fixedly arranged on the frame 1, the terminal centrifugal disc 41 is mounted on the frame 1, the terminal vibration material rail assembly 42 is mounted on the fourth mount pad 411, and the terminal vibration material rail assembly 42 is connected with the terminal centrifugal disc 41 for orderly conveying the terminal for feeding. The rotary carrier assembly 43 is rotatably connected in a rotary seat 48 for receiving and carrying the terminals g. The fixed end of the ninth cylinder 45 is rotatably connected to the boss x of the fourth mounting seat 411, the telescopic end of the ninth cylinder 45 is connected to the rotary material receiving frame assembly 43 through the rotating rod 44, and the rotating rod 44 is fixedly clamped on the rotating shaft of the rotary material receiving frame assembly 43. The second photo sensor assembly 410 is mounted on the rotary base 48 for detecting whether the workpiece in the rotary receiver rack assembly 43 is in place. The rear material guiding seat 46 and the front material discharging seat 47 are both mounted on the fourth mounting seat 411, and are located on the same axis, and the rotary material receiving frame assembly 43 is located between the rear material guiding seat and the front material discharging seat. The push terminal assembly 49 is mounted on the fourth mounting seat 411, and the rotating carrier assembly 43 cooperates with the rotating carrier assembly to push the terminals out and press the terminals into the workpiece at the d-position in the assembled conveyor line device 3.
When the terminal sorting and feeding device 4 works, the terminal enters the rotary material receiving frame assembly 43 through the terminal vibration material rail assembly 42, at the moment, the terminal is in a vertical state, then the ninth cylinder 45 extends, the rotary material receiving frame assembly 43 is turned over for 90 degrees, and the terminal is changed into a horizontal state; the push-terminal assembly 49 then operates to push the terminals out through the front feed block 47 into the assembly line assembly 3.
As shown in fig. 14, the rotary receiving rack assembly 43 includes a rotary arm 431, a central rotary shaft 432, a backing plate 433, a material stopping sheet 434, an upper cover plate 435 and an arc plate 436; the middle rotating shaft 432 is fixedly arranged on the rotating arm 431, and an open slot y is formed in the end part of the rotating arm 431 and used for detecting the second photoelectric sensor assembly 410; the rotating arm 431 is provided with an arc groove w, the base plate 433 is installed in the rotating arm 431 through a bolt, and the left and right positions of the base plate 433 can be finely adjusted to adapt to terminals with different lengths. The upper cover 434 is movably fitted in the stepped hole in the rotating arm 431 and is pressed down by the spring v so that the lower end surface of the upper cover 434 is in contact with the pad 433. An upper cover plate 435 is fixed to the pivoting arm 431, and a spring v is interposed between the stopper 434 and the upper cover plate 435. The arc plate 436 is mounted on the rotating arm 431 to prevent the rotating arm 431 from vibrating the outlet of the material rail assembly 42 to continue discharging in the rotating process.
When the rotary material receiving frame assembly 43 works, the terminal comes out of the terminal vibration material rail assembly 42, enters between the rotary arm 431 and the base plate 433, is stopped by the material stopping sheet 434, and controls the rotary arm 431 to rotate after being detected by the second photoelectric sensor assembly 410.
As shown in fig. 15, the push terminal assembly 49 includes a tenth air cylinder 491, a third linear rail moving assembly 492 and a push plate 493; the tenth cylinder 491 is mounted on the fourth mounting seat 411, the material pushing plate 493 is movably connected on the fourth mounting seat 411 through the third linear rail moving assembly 492, and the material pushing plate 493 is connected with the telescopic end of the tenth cylinder 491. The end of the material pushing plate 493 is provided with grooves matched with the terminal in shape, so that dislocation is prevented in the material pushing process.
The terminal divides selects loading attachment 4 to have solved the terminal problem that the precision is low in the assembling process, rotates and connects material rack assembly 43 inner structure to guarantee that the terminal can not become flexible at the transportation, and the terminal is at the release in-process, goes out the direction of material seat 47 before having for this tiny part equipment precision of terminal improves, and the equipment success rate also obtains improving.
As shown in fig. 16, the sincere sorting and feeding device 5 comprises a sincere centrifugal disc assembly 51, a sincere vibration rail assembly 52, a sincere moving block 53, a chute 54, an eleventh air cylinder 55, a fifth mounting seat 56, a conveying manipulator mechanism 57, a sincere pressing mechanism 58 and a third photoelectric sensor assembly 59; the pressing centrifugal disc assembly 51 and the pressing vibration material rail assembly 52 are both arranged on the frame 1, and the pressing vibration material rail assembly 52 is connected with the pressing centrifugal disc assembly 51 and used for orderly conveying the pressing material to advance. The fifth mounting seat 56 is fixedly arranged on the frame 1, the chute 54 is arranged on the fifth mounting seat 56, and the third photoelectric sensor assembly 59 is arranged on the chute 54 and used for detecting whether the pressing latch h is in place or not. The pressing and clamping moving block 53 is movably matched in the sliding groove 54 and is connected with an outlet of the pressing and clamping vibration material rail component 52, and a groove matched with the appearance of the pressing and clamping h is formed in the pressing and clamping moving block 53. The fixed end of the eleventh air cylinder 55 is arranged on the fifth mounting seat 56, and the telescopic end is connected with the press and catching moving block 53. The carrying manipulator mechanism 57 is mounted on the frame 1 and is used for gripping the holding part h in the holding part moving block 53 and assembling the holding part h into a workpiece at a station of the assembly conveying line device 3 e. A press latch hold down mechanism 58 is mounted on the fifth mounting block 56 for holding down the assembled press latch.
When the press sorting and feeding device 5 works, the press moving block 53 moves back and forth under the drive of the eleventh air cylinder 55, one press h is sorted out back and forth, and after being detected by the third photoelectric sensor assembly 59, the carrying manipulator mechanism 57 is controlled to clamp, carry and assemble the workpieces; the assembled workpiece is then passed through a press and hold mechanism 58 for holding down.
The loading device 5 for sorting according to the sincere solves the problem of high assembly difficulty in the assembly process of the sincere, and the sincere shape can be assembled in place in one step unlike a terminal, so that the sincere shape is divided into three parts, namely sorting, assembling and compressing, so that the processed finished product has high qualification rate and small interference between mechanisms.
As shown in fig. 17, the carrying robot 57 is controlled by the moving module 571 to move laterally, the twelfth air cylinder 572 to move vertically, the rotating air cylinder 573 to rotate, and the finger air cylinder 574 to grip, and the above motions cooperate to grip and carry the press latch h from the press latch moving block 53 to the workpiece to be assembled in the assembly line device 3.
As shown in fig. 18, the pressing mechanism 58 comprises a fifth mounting seat 581, a twelfth air cylinder 582, a movable groove plate 583, a finger-shaped push plate 584, a connecting buckle 585, a movable seat 586, a swinging block 587, a poking sheet 588, a roller 589 and a pressing block 5810; the fifth mounting base 581 is fixedly arranged on the frame 1, the twelfth air cylinder 582 and the movable groove plate 583 are arranged on the fifth mounting base 581, and the telescopic end of the twelfth air cylinder 582 is connected with the finger-shaped push plate 584. The sliding groove of the movable groove plate 583 has two steps, which are divided into a high step and a low step; the connection buckle 585 is matched and connected in the low step, and the finger-shaped push plate 584 and the moving seat 586 are movably connected in the high step. The upper end of the finger-shaped push plate 584 is provided with a right-angle bump, and the end part of the finger-shaped push plate is provided with an arc chamfer. The two ends of the connecting buckle plate 585 are provided with raised steps, one end of the connecting buckle plate is fixedly buckled with the lower end surface of the finger-shaped push plate 584, and the other end of the connecting buckle plate is movably buckled with the lower end of the moving seat 586. Spring 580 is compressed and contacts finger 584 and plunger 586 at each end. The central part of the swing block 587 is rotatably connected in the moving seat 586, the swing block 587 is composed of an arc end and a flat straight section, the arc end is provided with a roller 589, the flat straight section is provided with a shifting sheet 588, the flat straight section is provided with an arc groove u, and the arc groove u is connected with a round hole on the side wall of the moving seat 586 through a pin column. The pressing block 5810 is mounted on the moving seat 586, and the end is provided with a protruding top block t for pressing the pressing latch.
When the pressing and clamping mechanism 58 works, the twelfth air cylinder 582 pushes the finger-shaped push plate 584 to move, the moving seat 586 is pushed to move through the flexible transmission of the spring 580, and then the pressing block 5810 is enabled to press the pressing and clamping in a workpiece through the rigid transmission of the connecting buckle plate 585; during the approach of the finger-shaped push plate 584 to the moving seat 586, the upper end of the finger-shaped push plate 584 contacts with the roller 589, and presses down the roller, so that the swing block 587 swings upward by the lever principle, and the elastic element inside the workpiece is pulled upward by the pull tab 588, thereby preparing for the subsequent assembly of a second terminal.
The pressing mechanism 58 solves the problems of infirm pressing assembly and high failure rate of second terminal assembly, and is not rigidly extruded in the pressing process, so that the pressing effect is better, and the pressing effect cannot be damaged; and elements in the workpiece are arranged through the poking piece 588, so that the second elastic piece is prevented from being assembled and interfered due to sagging in the conveying process, and the working success rate of the equipment is guaranteed.
As shown in fig. 19, the transition handling apparatus 6 includes a sixth mounting base 61, a rotating base assembly 62, a stepping motor 63, a belt transmission assembly 64, a support plate 65, an infrared sensor assembly 66, a thirteenth air cylinder 67, a pushing assembly 68, and a blanking track 69; the sixth mounting seat 61 is fixedly arranged on the machine frame 1, the rotating seat assembly 62 is rotatably connected to the sixth mounting seat 61 through a support plate 65, and the rotating seat assembly 62 comprises four-division inner cavities for receiving the processed semi-finished product i. The stepping motor 63 is installed below the sixth installation seat 61, and transmits power to the rotating seat assembly 62 through the belt transmission assembly 64 to drive the rotating seat assembly to rotate. The infrared sensor assembly 66 is mounted on the sixth mounting seat 61, corresponds to the rotating seat assembly 62, and is used for detecting whether the semi-finished product i remains in the rotating seat assembly 62, and if so, the semi-finished product i is pushed out by the thirteenth air cylinder 67 and falls into the blanking track 69. The pushing assembly 68 is mounted on the frame 1 through a connecting piece and is located at the side of the rotating seat assembly 62, and pushes the workpiece in the rotating seat assembly 62 into the post-assembly treatment conveying line device 8.
When the transition handling device 6 works, the highest point of the rotary seat assembly 62 is used for carrying the semi-finished product i, the semi-finished product i is driven by the stepping motor 63 to rotate 90 degrees each time, and the semi-finished product i in the rotary seat assembly 62 is pushed into the post-assembly treatment conveying line device 8 by the material pushing assembly 68, so that the handling and overturning of workpieces are realized; in order to prevent machine failure caused by part not pushed in, the infrared sensor assembly 66 detects that the workpiece is left, and if the workpiece is detected, the thirteenth air cylinder 67 is controlled to push the workpiece into the blanking rail 69.
The transition carrying device 6 solves the problem that the spring plate and the rear shell are difficult to assemble in a side-standing mode, semi-finished workpieces are turned over by 90 degrees to be in a lying state, assembly from the upper side is facilitated, the success rate of the transition carrying device 6 is high, and equipment faults can be eliminated through related parts.
As shown in fig. 20, the pushing assembly 68 includes a fourteenth cylinder 681, a connecting rotary seat 682 and a swinging pushing block 683; the connecting rotary seat 682 is provided with a round hole r and an arc hole s, the round hole r is rotatably connected with the swinging push block 683, and the arc hole s is connected with the round hole on the swinging push block 683 through a pin shaft to form a sliding pair. The swinging push block 683 is provided with an inclined flange q, and the straight section of the swinging push block 683 is connected with the connecting rotary seat 682 through a compressed spring. When the pushing assembly 68 works, the fourteenth air cylinder 681 drives the connecting rotary seat 682 to move back and forth, and when the air cylinder extends, the inclined flange q of the swinging pushing block 683 is contacted with a workpiece and swings inwards, and the workpiece does not move; when the cylinder contracts, the swinging pushing block 683 is contacted with the workpiece and can not swing, so the workpiece is pushed.
As shown in fig. 21, the rotating seat assembly 62 includes a base 621, a central shaft 622, and a workpiece clamping mechanism, which includes an upper fixing block 623, a resilient clamping block 624, and a spring 625; the middle pivot 622 is installed on the base 621, the base 621 is provided with four inner cavities which are uniformly distributed, the resilience clamping block 624 is matched in the square hole p of the base 621, and flanges at two ends of the resilience clamping block 624 are used for clamping the resilience clamping block 624; the upper fixing block 623 is mounted on the base 621 on the resilient clamping block 624, and is connected to the resilient clamping block 624 by a compressed spring 625 to press it down. During operation of the rolling seat assembly 62, the semi-finished product i enters the inner cavity of the base 621, is clamped by the resilient clamping block 624 and then rotates.
As shown in fig. 22, the shrapnel sorting and feeding device 7 includes a shrapnel centrifuge disk assembly 71, a shrapnel vibration material rail assembly 72, a seventh mounting seat 73, a transverse pushing assembly 74, a lifting and moving assembly 75, a longitudinal moving assembly 76 and a shrapnel turning assembly 77; the centrifugal disc assembly 71 and the seventh mounting base 73 are mounted on the frame 1, and the elastic sheet vibration material rail assembly 72 is mounted on the seventh mounting base 73 and is connected with the elastic sheet centrifugal disc assembly 71. The longitudinal material moving assembly 76 is mounted on the seventh mounting base 73, is connected with the discharge end of the elastic sheet vibration material rail assembly 72, and is used for receiving an elastic sheet j and realizing lifting. The transverse pushing assembly 74 is located on the side of the lifting and moving assembly 75, and is used for transversely pushing out the elastic sheet j in the lifting and moving assembly 75 to enter the elastic sheet overturning assembly 77. The elastic sheet overturning component 77 is connected to the seventh mounting base 73 and the lifting material moving component 75, and is used for overturning the elastic sheet j by 90 degrees. The longitudinal material moving assembly 76 is arranged on the rack 1, corresponds to the position of the reversed elastic sheet overturning assembly 77, and longitudinally presses the elastic sheet into the post-assembly treatment conveying line device 8.
When the shrapnel sorting and feeding device 7 works, the shrapnel comes out of the shrapnel vibration material rail assembly 72 and enters the lifting material moving assembly 75, and the lifting material moving assembly 75 moves the shrapnel upwards; then the transverse pushing assembly 74 pushes the elastic sheet out to enter the elastic sheet overturning assembly 77, the elastic sheet overturning assembly 77 overturns the elastic sheet, and finally the longitudinal pushing assembly 76 presses the overturned elastic sheet into a workpiece in the post-assembly processing conveying line device 8.
The shrapnel sorting and feeding device 7 solves the assembly problem that shrapnels are difficult to clamp and deform, and the shrapnels have specific bending degrees, so that the shapes of the shrapnels in the transfer process are kept unchanged through specific carriers, and the finished product yield is improved.
As shown in fig. 23, the lifting and material-moving assembly 75 includes a fixed lifting seat 751, a second infrared sensor assembly 752, a lifting and material-moving plate 753, a second workpiece clamping mechanism 754, and a fifteenth air cylinder 755; the fixed lifting seat 751 is installed on the seventh installation seat 73, a vertical slideway is arranged on one side of the fixed lifting seat 751, a support plate connected with the elastic sheet overturning component 77 is arranged on the other side of the fixed lifting seat 751, and the second infrared sensor component 752 is installed on the side of the fixed lifting seat 751. The lifting material moving plate 753 is movably connected to the side edge of the fixed lifting seat 751, is movably connected with the chute m of the fixed lifting seat 751 through a pin shaft and is used for controlling the distance of up-down movement; the lifting material moving plate 753 is provided with a groove o matched with the elastic sheet, and the side edge of the lifting material moving plate is provided with a through hole n corresponding to the second infrared sensor component 752. The second workpiece clamping mechanism 754 is mounted on the upper end of the lifting material moving plate 753 and used for clamping the elastic sheet. The fixed end of the fifteenth cylinder 755 is fixedly arranged on the seventh mounting seat 73, and the telescopic end is connected with the lower end of the lifting material moving plate 753.
When the lifting material moving assembly 75 works, the elastic sheet enters the lifting material moving plate 753, is clamped by the second workpiece clamping mechanism 754, and is controlled by the second infrared sensor assembly 752 to extend the fifteenth cylinder 755 to jack the fifteenth cylinder; waiting for the lateral pushing assembly 74 to operate.
As shown in fig. 24, the transverse pushing assembly 74 and the longitudinal pushing assembly 76 include a sixteenth air cylinder mounting seat 701, a sixteenth air cylinder 702, a top block clamping plate 703 and a top block 704; the sixteenth cylinder 702 is installed on the sixteenth cylinder mount pad 701, and the kicking block 704 is installed on the flexible end of the sixteenth cylinder 702 through the kicking block splint 703, is driven by the sixteenth cylinder 702 to round trip movement to ejecting out the shell fragment j.
As shown in fig. 25, the spring plate turnover assembly 77 includes a seventeenth cylinder 771, a connecting block 772, a turnover shaft 773, a turnover frame 774 and a third workpiece clamping device 775; the fixed end of the seventeenth cylinder 771 is rotatably connected to the seventh mounting seat 73, and the telescopic end is connected to the small hole of the connecting block 772. The big hole end of the connecting block 772 is fixedly arranged with the end part of the turning shaft 773, the turning frame 774 is arranged on the turning shaft 773, and the turning shaft 773 is rotatably connected with the side edge of the fixed lifting seat 751. Grooves matched with the shapes of the elastic sheets are formed in the side edges of the turnover frame 774, and the third workpiece clamping device 775 is installed on the turnover frame 774 and used for clamping workpieces therein.
When the elastic sheet overturning assembly 77 works, the seventeenth air cylinder 771 stretches and drives the overturning shaft 773 to rotate, so that the overturning frame 774 rotates, the horizontal section of the elastic sheet is changed into a vertical state and is positioned right above a workpiece in the post-assembly processing conveying line device 8, and the elastic sheet overturning assembly is pushed out by the longitudinal material moving assembly 76 for assembly;
as shown in fig. 26, the post-assembly processing conveyor line device 8 includes a stepping material moving component 81, a material pressing component 82, a CCD vision detecting component 83, a rear-shell packaging component 84, and a terminal correcting component 85; the stepping material moving assembly 81 is mounted on the frame 1, is connected with the transition conveying device 6, and is used for intermittently driving a workpiece to be processed to perform corresponding operation at a corresponding station. The pressing component 82, the CCD vision detecting component 83, the rear shell packaging component 84 and the terminal correcting component 85 are arranged in a mutually connected manner along the feeding direction and are all located right above the stepping material moving component 81. The material pressing assembly 82 corresponds to a terminal compacting station 801 and is used for compacting terminals inside the front shell of the microswitch; the spring plate assembling station 802 is used for assembling spring plates; the CCD visual detection assembly 83 corresponds to the detection station 803 and is used for detecting the assembly condition of each part in the front shell; the rear shell assembly 804 is used for assembling the rear shell and corresponds to the rear shell sorting and feeding device 9; the rear shell packaging assembly 84 corresponds to the compacting station 805 and the hot-melting station 807 and is used for compacting and hot-melting connection of the rear shell; the terminal trimming assembly 85 corresponds to a trimming station 806 for trimming the exposed terminals of the assembled micro-switches.
The assembly post-processing conveying line device 8 is at the during operation, during the semi-manufactured goods after the equipment got into step-by-step material subassembly 81 that moves, at first carry out the compaction terminal by pressing material subassembly 82, then carry out the equipment of shell fragment, then carry out the detection of equipment condition by CCD visual detection subassembly 83, judge whether qualified, then carry out the equipment of backshell to qualified product, then compress tightly and fix the backshell through backshell encapsulation subassembly 84, at last revise subassembly 85 by the terminal and push down the correction to micro-gap switch's terminal.
The assembly post-processing conveying line device 8 solves the problem of high defective rate of microswitch assembly; each procedure is refined and independently completed, the success rate is improved, the CCD visual detection assembly 83 is added, feedback is obtained, and the yield is further improved.
As shown in fig. 27, the stepping material-moving assembly 81 includes a conveying rail 811, a rail cover 812, a third workpiece clamping mechanism 813, an auxiliary clamping mechanism 814, a driving material-moving rack 815, a movable clamping block 816, an eighteenth air cylinder 817, a connecting plate 818 and an eighteenth air cylinder mounting seat 819; the conveying track 811 is fixedly arranged on the frame 1 and is provided with a groove adapted to the horizontal sliding of the workpiece. The track cover 812 is installed on the conveying track 811, and the track cover 812 is provided with a corresponding hole or notch for facilitating the entry of other components. The third workpiece clamping mechanisms 813 are provided in plurality for clamping the workpieces in the third workpiece clamping mechanisms 813 and are mounted on the side of the conveying rail 811, and since the back side of the feeding end of the conveying rail 811 is provided with a notch, the first third workpiece clamping mechanism 813 on the feeding end is mounted on the front side. The auxiliary clamping mechanism 814 is installed at the side of the conveying track 811, and on one hand, the auxiliary clamping mechanism assists in clamping the workpiece, and on the other hand, the auxiliary clamping mechanism utilizes the step on the structure of the clamping cushion block 8141, so that the auxiliary clamping mechanism serves as a cushion block when the elastic sheet is assembled at the position, and the assembling depth is controlled. The driving material moving frame 815 is movably matched below the conveying track 811, the movable clamping blocks 816 are uniformly arranged on the driving material moving frame 815, the distance between the driving material moving frame 815 and two stations is equal, and the workpiece is driven to move by the distance of one station each time. The movable fixture block 816 is provided with a round hole and an arc-shaped hole, the round hole is rotatably connected to the driving material moving frame 815, the arc-shaped hole is movably connected with the driving material moving frame 815, the movable fixture block 816 can swing forcibly, is at a high point in a natural state, pushes a workpiece to be fed by virtue of an end face when being at the high point, and is used for idle return of a stroke when being at a low point. The eighteenth air cylinder 817 is fixedly arranged on the frame 1 through an eighteenth air cylinder mounting seat 819, a connecting plate 818 is mounted at the telescopic end of the eighteenth air cylinder 817, and the connecting plate 818 is fixedly mounted with the driving material moving frame 815.
When the stepping material moving assembly 81 works, the eighteenth air cylinder 817 drives the material moving frame 815 to move back and forth, the movable fixture block 816 moves the workpiece by the distance of one station at a time, and the workpiece is clamped by the third workpiece clamping mechanism 813, so that the operation is convenient to carry out.
Step-by-step material subassembly 81 that moves has solved the shell fragment and has had the problem that the assembly process fault rate is high, because the shell fragment does not contact with the delivery track 811 bottom surface, and the dynamics when can't guarantee the equipment admittedly, so through its supporting role of supplementary clamping mechanism 814, improve the shell fragment and reach suitable degree of depth, can not incline in the process of pushing down.
As shown in fig. 28, the swaging assembly 82 includes a nineteenth cylinder support 821, a nineteenth cylinder 822, a lower swage mount 823 and a first swaging rod 824; the nineteenth cylinder 822 is vertically installed on the frame 1 through a nineteenth cylinder support 821, a lower pressing seat 823 is installed on the nineteenth cylinder 822, a first pressing column 824 is installed on the lower end face of the lower pressing seat 823, and the first pressing column 824 corresponds to the position of a terminal in a front shell of the micro switch. When the pressing assembly 82 is operated, the nineteenth cylinder 822 presses down the first pressing column 824, and the first pressing column 824 compacts the terminal in the front case through the rail cover plate 812.
As shown in fig. 29, the rear housing encapsulation assembly 84 includes a twentieth air cylinder bracket 841, a twentieth air cylinder 842, a lifting seat 843, a hot-pressing head 844, a twenty-first air cylinder 845, a pressing block 846 and a heater 847; the twentieth cylinder 842 is installed on the rack 1 through a twentieth cylinder bracket 841, and the lifting seat 843 is movably connected to the twentieth cylinder bracket 841 and is connected with the telescopic end of the twentieth cylinder 842. The heater 847 is installed on the lifting seat 843, and the hot pressing head 844 is installed below the heater 847 and corresponds to the two plastic convex columns of the front shell of the microswitch. Twenty-first cylinder 845 is mounted on twentieth cylinder bracket 841, and hold-down block 846 is mounted at the telescoping end of twenty-first cylinder 845.
When the rear shell packaging assembly 84 works, the twenty-first cylinder 845 drives the pressing block 846 to descend to compact the rear shell on the front shell, and the twenty-second cylinder 842 drives the lifting seat 843 to descend.
As shown in fig. 30, the principle of the terminal correcting assembly 85 is the same as that of the swaging assembly 82, and the twenty-second cylinder 851 drives the second plunger 852 to descend to correspond to the terminal, thereby preventing the terminal from being inclined by the external force after being assembled and correcting the terminal.
As shown in fig. 31, the rear shell sorting and feeding device 9 includes a rear shell centrifugal tray assembly 91, a rear shell vibrating material rail assembly 92, a material receiving seat 93 and a second carrying manipulator mechanism 94; the back shell centrifugal disc assembly 91 and the back shell vibration material rail assembly 92 are both fixedly arranged on the machine frame 1, and the material receiving seat 93 is connected with the back shell vibration material rail assembly 92 and used for receiving and taking a back shell. The second carrying manipulator mechanism 94 is mounted on the rack 1 and located right above the material receiving seat 93 to realize two-dimensional movement, and the rear shell l in the material receiving seat 93 is clamped and carried to the post-assembly treatment conveying line device 8.
As shown in fig. 32, the sorting and blanking device 10 includes an overturning and material-taking mechanism 101, a rejected product material-pushing mechanism 102, a rejected product material-discharging mechanism 103, a sorting mechanism 104 and a qualified product material-discharging mechanism 105; the overturning and taking mechanism 101 is installed on a base of the unqualified product discharging mechanism 103 and used for receiving and taking a processed finished product and overturning the processed finished product by 180 degrees. The unqualified product pushing mechanism 102 and the unqualified product discharging mechanism 103 work together to transport out the unqualified products. The sorting mechanism 104 comprises a motor base 1041, a speed regulating motor 1042, a sorting push rod 1043 and a pulley 1044; the speed regulating motor 1042 is vertically installed on the frame 1 through a motor base 1041, the sorting push rod 1043 is in a long strip shape with two ends tilted, and the end part is connected with a pulley 1044. The sorting mechanism 104 is located between the defective product discharging mechanism 103 and the qualified product discharging mechanism 105, and controls the rotating direction of the sorting push rod 1043 according to the result detected by the CCD vision detecting assembly 83, so as to push the qualified product to the qualified product discharging mechanism 105 and push the defective product to the defective product discharging mechanism 103. The qualified product discharge mechanism 105 is a conveyor belt mechanism, and conveys the product out of the working machine.
When the sorting and blanking device 10 works, the turnover material taking mechanism 101 takes a workpiece and turns 180 degrees, the sorting mechanism 104 performs corresponding actions, qualified products are conveyed out by the qualified product discharging mechanism 105, and unqualified products are conveyed out by the unqualified product pushing mechanism 102 and the unqualified product discharging mechanism 103 in a matching way.
The sorting and discharging device 10 solves the problem of sorting the good and defective products of the workpieces, and conveys the good and defective products out through different mechanisms, so that the subsequent packaging of the good products and the recovery of the defective products are facilitated.
As shown in fig. 33, the reverse material taking mechanism 101 comprises a twenty-third cylinder 1011, a rack 1012, a gear 1013, a reverse arm 1014, a fourth workpiece clamping mechanism 1015 and a twenty-third cylinder seat 1017; the telescopic end of the twenty-third cylinder 1011 is connected with a rack, the fixed end is mounted on a twenty-third cylinder seat 1017, a gear 1013 is mounted on the rotating shaft of the turnover arm 1014, the rack 1012 and the gear 1013 form a gear pair connection, and the rack 1012 is located in the middle of the twenty-third cylinder seat 1017. The end of the turnover arm 1014 is provided with a cavity suitable for the product 1016 to enter, the edge of the cavity is provided with a gap, the separation mechanism 104 can conveniently work, and the turnover arm 1014 is rotatably connected to the twenty-third cylinder seat 1017. A fourth workpiece clamping mechanism 1015 is mounted on the invert arm 1014 for clamping the workpiece in the invert arm 1014.
When the turnover material taking mechanism 101 works, the rack 1012 is driven by the twenty-third cylinder 1011 to move back and forth, so that the gear 1013 is driven to rotate, the turnover arm 1014 is driven to rotate, and the rotated workpiece waits for the sorting mechanism 104 to work.
As shown in fig. 34, the reject pushing mechanism 102 includes a twenty-fourth cylinder 1021, a pushing connecting plate 1022, a pushing fixture 1023, and a twenty-fourth cylinder seat 1025; the twenty-fourth cylinder 1021 is installed at the twenty-fourth cylinder seat 1025, the pushing connecting plate 1022 is installed at the telescopic end of the twenty-fourth cylinder 1021, the pushing fixture block 1023 is rotatably connected to the end of the pushing connecting plate 1022, the pushing connecting plate 1022 is provided with an arc groove, the pushing fixture block 1023 is in a sharp-angled shape and is connected with the pushing connecting plate 1022 through a torsion spring, so that when the pushing fixture block 1023 is not in a stressed state, the vertical edge of the sharp-angled edge is perpendicular to the pushing connecting plate 1022, when a workpiece is encountered, the oblique edge of the sharp-angled edge is stressed, and the pushing fixture block 1023.
When the unqualified product pushing mechanism 102 works and the twenty-fourth cylinder 1021 extends, the pushing fixture block 1023 is in contact with a workpiece and pushed into the pushing connecting plate 1022, and the workpiece is not aligned; when the twenty-fourth cylinder 1021 contracts, the pushing fixture block 1023 pushes the workpiece to move along the vertical edge.
As shown in fig. 35, the defective product discharging mechanism 103 includes a rotary cylinder fixing seat 1031, a second rotary cylinder 1032, a defective product discharging seat 1033, a transitional rotary seat 1034, and a fifth workpiece clamping mechanism 1035; the second rotating cylinder 1032 is mounted on the frame 1 through the rotating cylinder fixing seat 1031, the transitional rotating seat 1034 is mounted on a rotating shaft of the second rotating cylinder 1032, an inner cavity suitable for receiving the unqualified product 1036 is formed in the transitional rotating seat 1034, and a fifth workpiece clamping mechanism 1035 is arranged at the upper end of the transitional rotating seat 1034 and used for clamping the unqualified product 1036. The unqualified product discharging seat 1033 is installed on the rotating cylinder fixing seat 1031 and corresponds to the inner cavity of the transition rotating seat 1034 after rotation.
When the unqualified product discharging mechanism 103 works, the transitional rotating seat 1034 firstly receives the unqualified product 1036 pushed by the sorting mechanism 104, then the second rotating cylinder 1032 drives the transitional rotating seat 1034 to rotate for 90 degrees, and then the unqualified product pushing mechanism 102 pushes the unqualified product into the unqualified product discharging seat 1033 and collects the unqualified product from the discharging end of the unqualified product discharging seat 1033.
When the microswitch production equipment works, the feeding of the front shell and the feeding and assembling of small parts in the front shell are carried out by the feeding and conveying line device 2; then the front shell and the internal elements enter an assembly conveying line device 3, the first terminal is assembled by a first terminal sorting and feeding device 4, then the first terminal is assembled by a pressing and sorting and feeding device 5, and then the second terminal is assembled by a second terminal sorting and feeding device 4; the workpieces which are assembled enter an assembly post-treatment conveying line device 8 through a transition conveying device 6, the rear shell sorting and feeding device 9 is used for assembling the elastic pieces at the position, the terminals are sorted through detection, the rear shell sorting and feeding device 9 is used for assembling the rear shell, and finally the qualified products and the unqualified products are respectively conveyed out of the equipment through a sorting and discharging device 10.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention, including any reference to the above-mentioned embodiments. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. The general principles defined herein may be implemented in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (2)

1. A sincere selects separately loading attachment according to sincere for the full-automatic equipment of micro-gap switch, characterized by that, the apparatus includes according to sincere centrifugal disc subassembly (51), according to sincere vibration material rail subassembly (52), according to sincere to move and get the piece (53), the concrete chute (54), the eleventh air cylinder (55), the fifth mount pad (56), carry the mechanical arm mechanism (57), according to sincere hold-down mechanism (58) and third photoelectric sensor assembly (59); the press centrifugal disc component (51) and the press vibration material rail component (52) are both arranged on the frame (1), and the press vibration material rail component (52) is connected with the press centrifugal disc component (51); a fifth mounting seat (56) is fixedly arranged on the rack (1), a chute (54) is arranged on the fifth mounting seat (56), and a third photoelectric sensor assembly (59) is arranged on the chute (54); the pressing and clamping moving block (53) is movably matched in the sliding groove (54) and is connected with an outlet of the pressing and clamping vibration material rail component (52), and a groove matched with the pressing and clamping appearance is formed in the pressing and clamping moving block (53); the fixed end of an eleventh air cylinder (55) is arranged on a fifth mounting seat (56), and the telescopic end is connected with the press and extract block (53); the conveying manipulator mechanism (57) is arranged on the rack (1), clamps the pressing part in the pressing part moving block (53) and assembles the pressing part into a workpiece of a station of the assembly conveying line device (3); the pressing mechanism (58) is arranged on the fifth mounting seat (56); the pressing and picking block (53) moves back and forth under the drive of an eleventh air cylinder (55), one pressing and picking is selected from each back and forth, and when the pressing and picking block is detected by a third photoelectric sensor assembly (59), a carrying manipulator mechanism (57) is controlled to clamp, carry and assemble the pressing and picking block into a workpiece; the assembled workpiece is subsequently pressed by a pressing mechanism (58);
the pressing mechanism (58) comprises a fifth mounting seat (581), a twelfth air cylinder (582), a movable groove plate (583), a finger-shaped push plate (584), a connecting buckle plate (585), a movable seat (586), a swinging block (587), a poking sheet (588), a roller (589) and a pressing block (5810); the fifth mounting seat (581) is fixedly arranged on the rack (1), the twelfth air cylinder (582) and the movable groove plate (583) are arranged on the fifth mounting seat (581), and the telescopic end of the twelfth air cylinder (582) is connected with the finger-shaped push plate (584); the sliding groove of the movable groove plate (583) is provided with two steps which are divided into a high step and a low step; a connecting buckle plate (585) is matched and connected in the low step, and a finger-shaped push plate (584) and a moving seat (586) are movably connected in the high step; the upper end of the finger-shaped push plate (584) is provided with a right-angled bump, and the end part of the finger-shaped push plate is provided with an arc chamfer; two ends of the connecting buckle plate (585) are provided with raised steps, one end of the connecting buckle plate is fixedly buckled with the lower end surface of the finger-shaped push plate (584), and the other end of the connecting buckle plate is movably buckled with the lower end of the movable seat (586); the spring (580) is pressed, and two ends of the spring are respectively contacted with the finger-shaped push plate (584) and the movable seat (586); the central part of the swinging block (587) is rotationally connected in the moving seat (586), the swinging block (587) is composed of a straight section and an arc end, the arc end is provided with a roller (589), the straight section is provided with a shifting sheet (588), the straight section is provided with an arc groove, and the arc groove is connected with a round hole on the side wall of the moving seat (586) through a pin column; the pressing block (5810) is installed on the moving seat (586), and the end part is provided with a protruding top block for pressing the pressing core;
when the pressing and clamping mechanism (58) works, a twelfth air cylinder (582) pushes a finger-shaped push plate (584) to move, a moving seat (586) is pushed to move through flexible transmission of a spring (580), and then rigid transmission is realized through a connecting buckle plate (585), so that a pressing block (5810) presses the pressing and clamping in a workpiece; in the process that the finger-shaped push plate (584) approaches the movable seat (586), the upper end of the finger-shaped push plate (584) is in contact with the roller (589) and is pressed down, the swinging block (587) swings upwards through the lever principle, and the elastic element in the workpiece is pulled upwards through the pull sheet (588) to prepare for the subsequent assembly of a second terminal.
2. A full-automatic assembling production system of a microswitch is characterized by comprising a rack (1), a feeding and conveying line device (2), an assembling and conveying line device (3), a terminal sorting and feeding device (4), a sincere sorting and feeding device (5), a transition carrying device (6), an elastic piece sorting and feeding device (7), an assembled post-processing conveying line device (8), a rear shell sorting and feeding device (9) and a sorting and feeding device (10), wherein the feeding and conveying line device, the assembling and conveying line device, the terminal sorting and feeding device, the sincere sorting and feeding device, the transition carrying device; along the material processing direction, the feeding conveying line device (2), the assembling conveying line device (3), the transition conveying device (6), the post-assembling treatment conveying line device (8) and the sorting and blanking device (10) are sequentially arranged in an interlocking manner; the assembly conveying line device (3) is connected with the feeding conveying line device (2), and the assembly of the two terminals and the pressing part is completed on the assembly conveying line device (3); the terminal sorting and feeding device (4) and the sincere sorting and feeding device (5) are both fixedly arranged on the rack (1) and are correspondingly assembled with the conveying line device (3), wherein two groups of the terminal sorting and feeding devices (4) are arranged; the transition carrying device (6) is connected with the assembly conveying line device (3); the pellet sorting and feeding device (7) and the rear shell sorting and feeding device (9) are correspondingly assembled with the post-processing conveying line device (8); the sorting and blanking device (10) is positioned at the tail end of the assembled post-processing conveying line device (8); the pressing sorting and feeding device (5) adopts the pressing sorting and feeding device of claim 1.
CN201811182388.6A 2018-10-11 2018-10-11 Full-automatic assembling production system for micro-switches and sorting and feeding device according to sincere Active CN109346348B (en)

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CN111203391A (en) * 2020-01-09 2020-05-29 日照职业技术学院 Stable-transmission automatic testing mechanism for microswitch of assembly line type electromechanical equipment
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