CN109265001A - Ice-crack-like glaze, ice-crack-like glaze ceramic and production method - Google Patents

Ice-crack-like glaze, ice-crack-like glaze ceramic and production method Download PDF

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CN109265001A
CN109265001A CN201811469327.8A CN201811469327A CN109265001A CN 109265001 A CN109265001 A CN 109265001A CN 201811469327 A CN201811469327 A CN 201811469327A CN 109265001 A CN109265001 A CN 109265001A
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glaze
crack
ice
ceramic
green
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陈金枪
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Fujian Dehua Zunye Ceramics Co Ltd
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Fujian Dehua Zunye Ceramics Co Ltd
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    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
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    • C04B33/16Lean materials, e.g. grog, quartz
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    • C04B33/24Manufacture of porcelain or white ware
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    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • C04B33/34Burning methods combined with glazing
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5022Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with vitreous materials
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
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    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3217Aluminum oxide or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. bauxite, alpha-alumina
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    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3436Alkaline earth metal silicates, e.g. barium silicate
    • C04B2235/3454Calcium silicates, e.g. wollastonite
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    • C04B2235/65Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes
    • C04B2235/656Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes characterised by specific heating conditions during heat treatment
    • C04B2235/6567Treatment time

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of ice-crack-like glaze, ice-crack-like glaze ceramic and production methods, belong to ceramic technology field.The ice-crack-like glaze includes the following component according to mass percent meter: zinc oxide 12-18%, nepheline 5-9%, sodium oxide molybdena 6-10%, copper oxide 0.2-0.7%, spodumene 15-25%, quartz 5-9%, wollastonite 10-16%, bentonite 25-35%, glaze solution coagulate binder 0.02-0.05%.The ice-crack-like glaze ceramic made of ice-crack-like glaze of the invention, glaze paint colour generation is uniform, and glossiness is preferable, and cracked ice pattern surface area is larger in glaze layer, and glaze layer three-dimensional sense is stronger, assigns the preferable visual sense of beauty of ceramic.

Description

Ice-crack-like glaze, ice-crack-like glaze ceramic and production method
Technical field
The invention belongs to ceramic technology fields, and in particular to a kind of ice-crack-like glaze, ice-crack-like glaze ceramic and production method.
Background technique
Crack glaze is traditional glaze more high-end at present, is come in every shape, some likeness in form cracking lines, some likeness in form crab claws Lines, some likeness in form ice crack lines are deep because of its special style to be favored by researcher.Crack glaze is burnt into work because of complicated mechanism Skill difficulty is larger, causes the yield of crack glaze product lower, supply falls short of demand always.
The characteristics of ice-crack-like glaze is the crackle white edge for having shading value different in glaze layer, is distributed layer upon layer ofly as being spent crystalline substance In glaze layer, a kind of stronger visual sense of beauty of people is given.Its glaze layer of the ice-crack-like glaze having good quality crack effect it is preferable, three-dimensional sense compared with By force, there is aesthetic feeling abundant and preferable ornamental value, and the coloration of glaze paint is also preferable, glaze paint colour generation is more uniform.And it is existing at present Ice-crack-like glaze existing for main problem be cracked ice pattern less effective, glaze paint glossiness is inadequate, leads to the total quality of cracked ice pattern Decline with aesthetic feeling.
Therefore being studied the formula and glazing process of ice-crack-like glaze is just particularly important.
Summary of the invention
A kind of ice-crack-like glaze, ice-crack-like glaze ceramic and production are provided the purpose of the present invention is overcome the deficiencies in the prior art Method, its glaze paint colour generation of the ice-crack-like glaze ceramic is uniform, and glossiness is preferable, and cracked ice pattern surface area is larger in glaze layer, glaze Layer three-dimensional sense is stronger.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
Ice-crack-like glaze, including the following component according to mass percent meter: zinc oxide 12-18%, nepheline 5-9%, sodium oxide molybdena 6-10%, copper oxide 0.2-0.7%, spodumene 15-25%, quartz 5-9%, wollastonite 10-16%, bentonite 25-35%, glaze Material solves solidifying binder 0.02-0.05%.
Further, it is sanlose that the glaze solution, which coagulates binder,.
The present invention also provides a kind of methods with the ice-crack-like glaze production ice-crack-like glaze ceramic, include the following steps:
Step 1, green body production: blank raw material is carried out it is selected, removal impurity each blank is mixed according to the proportion of blank Conjunction was milled to 150 meshes, and by the blank after ball milling through dehydration, vacuum pugging, aging process, it is spare to be made mud item, by mud item Through molding, biscuiting to get green body;
The modulation of glaze water: each glaze is carried out selected removal of impurities, matches according to the ice-crack-like glaze, each glaze is mixed by step 2 200 meshes were milled to, glaze slurry is obtained, glaze slurry concentration is adjusted to 40-45 Baume degrees, obtains glaze water;
Glazing: glaze water obtained by step 2 is imposed on green body surfaces externally and internally obtained by step 1 as soaking glaze mode, dried in the air by step 3 It is dry;
Step 4 is fired: the green body after step 3 glazing being fired, the ice-crack-like glaze ceramic is obtained.
Further, green body described in step 1 includes the following component according to mass percent meter: kaolin 45- 60%, spring port feldspar 25-40%, wollastonite 10-29%, alumina powder 0.8-2.5%, quartz 0.2-0.5%.
Further, biscuiting described in step 1 specifically: 850- is warming up to the heating rate of 0.5-1 DEG C/min 870 DEG C, constant temperature 1.5-2h is naturally cooling to 40-45 DEG C.
Further, it is burnt into described in step 4 specifically: 400- is first warming up to the heating rate of 2-3 DEG C/min 450 DEG C, then it is warming up to 850-900 DEG C with the heating rate of 1-1.5 DEG C/min, keep the temperature 1-1.5h;Again under reducing atmosphere with 2-3 DEG C/heating rate of min is warming up to 1100-1150 DEG C, keep the temperature 30-40min;It is heated up again with the heating rate of 0.5-1 DEG C/min To 1280-1290 DEG C, 30-50min, natural cooling are kept the temperature.
Using bentonite, spodumene, zinc oxide, wollastonite as primary raw material in ice-crack-like glaze of the present invention, wherein bentonite accounting It is larger, it is re-introduced into sodium oxide molybdena and colorant copper oxide, in order to guarantee the quality of glaze paint, glaze solution is re-introduced into and coagulates binder, pass through Glaze solution is introduced in glaze and coagulates binder, makes that adhesive film can be formed between each frit particles, to guarantee each glaze dry It is not subjected to displacement after dry, and the solidifying work of bonding reconciliation can be reached simultaneously in glaze of the present invention using sanlose With keeping glaze prevented from caking when preparing glaze water, therefore carboxylic first due to sanlose good dispersibility in water Base cellulose sodium salt plays the solidifying effect of bonding reconciliation simultaneously in the present invention, can guarantee that each glaze occurs after firing The glazing effect of high quality.
Green body material of the present invention is using kaolin, spring port feldspar, wollastonite as primary raw material, then passes through and alumina powder is added, It can re-form mullite crystal at high temperature, and the coefficient of expansion of green body is not only made further to become smaller, glaze layer when ensure that firing The ice-crack-like glaze for forming large area, also improves the intensity of green body, quartzy addition is also more important to the generation of ice-crack-like glaze, stone English will form high viscous high saturating glass melt at high temperature, and the thermal stability of green body, therefore the shape of mullite crystal can be improved At the addition with quartz, it is ensured that the compression strength of green body, to improve the quality of ice-crack-like glaze ceramic.
In green body biscuiting, heating should control more slow, be warming up to 850- with the heating rate of 0.5-1 DEG C/min 870 DEG C, constant temperature 1.5-2h, to guarantee that the intracorporal carbonate of base sufficiently decomposes volatilization, because of carbon when can prevent vitreous under glaze high temperature Hydrochlorate decomposes the gas generated and is gathered into biggish glaze bubble in glaze layer, and the glossiness missing and colour generation for avoiding glaze paint generation are not , it ensure that the glossiness of the glaze paint of later period firing.
Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following beneficial effects:
First: the ice-crack-like glaze ceramic made of ice-crack-like glaze of the invention, glaze paint colour generation is uniform, glossiness compared with It is good, and cracked ice pattern surface area is larger in glaze layer, glaze layer three-dimensional sense is stronger, assigns the preferable visual sense of beauty of ceramic;
Second: its glaze layer of ice-crack-like glaze ceramic of the invention not only has stronger stereovision, and slit region is mutual Overlapping, lines covers entire glaze paint, if imitative multilayer glaze layer cracking, and glaze paint light colour generation is uniform, ornamental valence with higher Value, is the high-grade ceramic product in ice-crack-like glaze;
Third: the raw material of ice-crack-like glaze and ice-crack-like glaze ceramic of the invention is easy to get, and manufacture craft operation is easier.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, invention is further described in detail, but those skilled in the art will manage Solution, the following example is merely to illustrate the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the invention.
Sanlose molecular weight used in the present invention is 262.19, viscosity 300-800mpas, specific gravity 1.6,274 DEG C of fusing point, the sanlose of the molecular weight can both play the role of solving solidifying and bonding well in glaze Effect, and the drying time of glaze layer will not be made too long.
Ice-crack-like glaze of the invention, including the following component according to mass percent meter: zinc oxide 12-18%, nepheline 5- 9%, sodium oxide molybdena 6-10%, copper oxide 0.2-0.7%, spodumene 15-25%, quartz 5-9%, wollastonite 10-16%, bentonite 25-35%, sanlose 0.02-0.05%.
With the method for ice-crack-like glaze production ice-crack-like glaze ceramic, include the following steps:
Green body production: blank raw material is carried out selected, removal impurity, according to proportion (the kaolin 45- of blank by step 1 60%, spring port feldspar 25-40%, wollastonite 10-29%, alumina powder 0.8-2.5%, quartz 0.2-0.5%), by each base Expect mixing and ball milling to 150 meshes are crossed, by the blank after ball milling through dehydration, vacuum pugging, aging process, it is spare to be made mud item, will Mud item (is warming up to 850-870 DEG C through molding, biscuiting with the heating rate of 0.5-1 DEG C/min, constant temperature 1.5-2h is naturally cooling to 40-45 DEG C) to get green body;
The modulation of glaze water: each glaze is carried out selected removal of impurities, matches according to the ice-crack-like glaze, each glaze is mixed by step 2 200 meshes were milled to, glaze slurry is obtained, glaze slurry concentration is adjusted to 40-45 Baume degrees, obtains glaze water;
Glazing: glaze water obtained by step 2 is imposed on green body surfaces externally and internally obtained by step 1 as soaking glaze mode, dried in the air by step 3 It is dry;
Step 4 is fired: the green body after step 3 glazing is fired, specifically: first with the heating speed of 2-3 DEG C/min Rate (heating rate A) is warming up to 400-450 DEG C (firing temperature A), then with the heating rate of 1-1.5 DEG C/min (heating rate B) It is warming up to 850-900 DEG C (firing temperature B), keeps the temperature 1-1.5h (soaking time B);It (is risen with 2-3 DEG C/min under reducing atmosphere again Warm rate C) heating rate be warming up to 1100-1150 DEG C (firing temperature C), keep the temperature 30-40min (soaking time C);Again with The heating rate of 0.5-1 DEG C/min (heating rate D) is warming up to 1280-1290 DEG C (firing temperature D), and heat preservation 30-50min (is protected Warm time D), natural cooling obtains the ice-crack-like glaze ceramic.
The raw material of various embodiments of the present invention ice-crack-like glaze and green body material composition is as shown in table 1 below:
The raw material of 1 embodiment of table, 1 to 5 ice-crack-like glaze and green body material composition
Technological parameter when various embodiments of the present invention prepare ice-crack-like glaze ceramic is as shown in table 2:
Technological parameter when preparing ice-crack-like glaze ceramic of 2 embodiment 1-5 of table
Embodiment described above is only to absolutely prove preferred embodiment that is of the invention and being lifted, and protection scope is unlimited In this.Those skilled in the art's made equivalent substitute or transformation on the basis of the present invention, in protection of the invention Within the scope of, protection scope of the present invention is subject to claims.

Claims (6)

1. ice-crack-like glaze, which is characterized in that including the following component according to mass percent meter: zinc oxide 12-18%, nepheline 5-9%, Sodium oxide molybdena 6-10%, copper oxide 0.2-0.7%, spodumene 15-25%, quartz 5-9%, wollastonite 10-16%, bentonite 25-35%, glaze Material solves solidifying binder 0.02-0.05%.
2. ice-crack-like glaze according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it is sodium carboxymethylcellulose that the glaze solution, which coagulates binder, Salt.
3. with the method for ice-crack-like glaze described in claim 1 production ice-crack-like glaze ceramic, which is characterized in that including walking as follows It is rapid:
Green body production: blank raw material is carried out selected, removal impurity, according to the proportion of blank, by each blank mixing ball by step 1 Be milled to 150 meshes, by the blank after ball milling through dehydration, vacuum pugging, aging process, it is spare to be made mud item, by mud item through at Type, biscuiting are to get green body;
The modulation of glaze water: each glaze is carried out selected removal of impurities, matched according to the ice-crack-like glaze, by each glaze mixing and ball milling by step 2 To 200 meshes are crossed, glaze slurry is obtained, glaze slurry concentration is adjusted to 40-45 Baume degrees, obtains glaze water;
Glazing: glaze water obtained by step 2 is imposed on green body surfaces externally and internally obtained by step 1 as soaking glaze mode, dried by step 3;
Step 4 is fired: the green body after step 3 glazing being fired, the ice-crack-like glaze ceramic is obtained.
4. the method according to claim 3 with ice-crack-like glaze production ice-crack-like glaze ceramic, which is characterized in that in step 1 The green body includes the following component according to mass percent meter: kaolin 45-60%, spring port feldspar 25-40%, wollastonite 10- 29%, alumina powder 0.8-2.5%, quartz 0.2-0.5%.
5. the method according to claim 3 with ice-crack-like glaze production ice-crack-like glaze ceramic, which is characterized in that in step 1 The biscuiting specifically: be warming up to 850-870 DEG C with the heating rate of 0.5-1 DEG C/min, constant temperature 1.5-2h is naturally cooling to 40-45℃。
6. the method according to claim 3 with ice-crack-like glaze production ice-crack-like glaze ceramic, which is characterized in that in step 4 The firing specifically: be first warming up to 400-450 DEG C with the heating rate of 2-3 DEG C/min, then with the heating speed of 1-1.5 DEG C/min Rate is warming up to 850-900 DEG C, keeps the temperature 1-1.5h;1100- is warming up to the heating rate of 2-3 DEG C/min under reducing atmosphere again 1150 DEG C, keep the temperature 30-40min;It is warming up to 1280-1290 DEG C with the heating rate of 0.5-1 DEG C/min again, keeps the temperature 30-50min, Natural cooling.
CN201811469327.8A 2018-11-28 2018-11-28 Ice-crack-like glaze, ice-crack-like glaze ceramic and production method Pending CN109265001A (en)

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EP1067099A1 (en) * 1999-07-05 2001-01-10 Ferro Corporation Crystallizing Glaze System
CN102731168A (en) * 2012-07-08 2012-10-17 景德镇陶瓷学院 Preparation method of white body ice crackle vitreous enamel and products produced from white body ice crackle vitreous enamel
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