CN109200144A - 一种中药组合物及其应用和膏药 - Google Patents

一种中药组合物及其应用和膏药 Download PDF

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CN109200144A
CN109200144A CN201811467836.7A CN201811467836A CN109200144A CN 109200144 A CN109200144 A CN 109200144A CN 201811467836 A CN201811467836 A CN 201811467836A CN 109200144 A CN109200144 A CN 109200144A
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曾以义
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种中药组合物及其膏药的制备方法,所述中药组合物由以下药物组成:乳香、没药、独活、桂枝、臭梧桐、防风、秦艽、细辛、威灵仙、小茴香、川芎、延胡索、桃仁、穿山甲、防己、全蝎、肉桂、狗脊、续断、甘草、当归、牛膝、苏木、桑寄生、川乌、草乌、凤仙根、透骨草、冰片、红花。本发明还提供该中药组合物膏药的制备方法,所制备的膏药通过各药物之间相互配伍,能够有效治疗痹症及跌打损伤,对腰椎间盘突出,颈椎病,肩周炎,风湿,类风湿关节痛,坐骨神经痛,四肢麻木,骨质增生,跌打损伤,扭闪挫伤,腰酸背痛有良好的治疗效果。

Description

一种中药组合物及其应用和膏药
技术领域
本发明属于中药技术领域,涉及一种中药组合物及其应用和膏药。
背景技术
痹症是以筋骨、关节等部位发生麻木、疼痛、重着、屈伸不利甚而关节肿大变形为主要临床表现的病证,其发病多由正虚邪侵,导致气血不通、经络痹阻而致。《金匮要略·痉湿暍病脉证治》湿病云:“湿家之为病,一身尽疼。”
各种痹症、跌打损伤,治疗方法有拔罐、刮痧、针灸、按摩、服药。至今没有特效药,很难根治病患,而且具有一定副作用。
因此,针对腰椎间盘突出,颈椎病,肩周炎,风湿,类风湿关节痛,坐骨神经痛,四肢麻木,骨质增生,跌打损伤,扭闪挫伤,腰酸背痛等疾病,发明一种有治疗效果的中药组合物及制备方法,具有广泛的市场前景。
发明内容
有鉴于此,本发明的目的在于提供一种能有效治疗腰椎间盘突出,颈椎病,肩周炎,风湿,类风湿关节痛,坐骨神经痛,四肢麻木,骨质增生,跌打损伤,扭闪挫伤,腰酸背痛的中药组合物,该中药组合物疗效确切、见效快且无毒副作用。并提供一种由所述中药组合物的膏药的制备方法。
为达到上述目的,本发明提供如下技术方案:
1.一种中药组合物,按重量份数计,由下述原料药组成:乳香5-15份、没药5-15份、独活10-25份、桂枝10-20份、臭梧桐10-20份、防风8-15份、秦艽10-25份、细辛10-20份、威灵仙10-30份、小茴香8-20份、川芎8-25份、延胡索10-25份、桃仁5-15份、穿山甲5-15份、防己10-15份、全蝎5-15份、肉桂10-25份、狗脊15-30份、续断10-25份、甘草10-20份、当归10-15份、牛膝15-30份、苏木10-25份、桑寄生8-20份、川乌5-15份、草乌5-15份、凤仙根15-25份、透骨草10-25份、冰片5-10份和红花10-25份。
进一步,按重量份数计,由下述原料药组成:乳香7-13份、没药7-13份、独活13-22份、桂枝13-17份、臭梧桐13-17份、防风11-15份、秦艽13-22份、细辛13-17份、威灵仙13-20份、小茴香11-17份、川芎11-22份、延胡索13-22份、桃仁7-12份、穿山甲7-12份、防己10-15份、全蝎7-12份、肉桂13-22份、狗脊15-30份、续断13-22份、甘草10-20份、当归10-15份、牛膝15-30份、苏木13-22份、桑寄生8-20份、川乌7-12份、草乌7-12份、凤仙根15-25份、透骨草13-22份、冰片5-10份和红花13-22份。
进一步,按重量份数计,由下述原料药组成:乳香10份、没药10份、独活20份、桂枝15份、臭梧桐15份、防风12份、秦艽20份、细辛15份、威灵仙15份、小茴香16份、川芎16份、延胡索20份、桃仁12份、穿山甲10份、防己12份、全蝎10份、肉桂20份、狗脊30份、续断20份、甘草20份、当归15份、牛膝30份、苏木20份、桑寄生16份、川乌12份、草乌12份、凤仙根25份、透骨草20份、冰片10份和红花20份。
2.所述中药组合物在制备治疗痹症、关节疼痛或跌打损伤的药物中的应用。
进一步,所述痹症、关节疼痛或跌打损伤为腰椎间盘突出,颈椎病,肩周炎,风湿,类风湿关节痛,坐骨神经痛,四肢麻木,骨质增生,跌打损伤,扭闪挫伤,腰酸背痛。
进一步,将所述中药组合物制备成膏药、喷雾剂、散剂或软膏。
3.所述中药组合物膏药的制备方法,其具体步骤为:
a.将所有中药物粉碎后过120~200目待用;
b.食用植物油加热至70~80℃;
c.再依次加入医用松香和医用热熔胶;
d.中火加热,使植物油、松香和热熔胶熔化,并搅拌使之熔化均匀,然后缓缓加入中药组合物细粉,小火熬制并不停搅拌,时间1-2小时,最后熬制滴水成珠,膏不粘手。
进一步,按质量份数计,中药物总质量:食用植物油:医用松香:医用热熔胶为1:0.3~0.5:3~5:4~6。
进一步,按质量份数计,中药物总质量:食用植物油:医用松香:医用热熔胶为1:0.4:4:5。
进一步,所述食用植物油为芝麻油。
各中药的药理作用:
乳香:辛、苦,温。归心、肝、脾经。功效与主治:活血定痛,消肿生肌。用于胸痹心痛,胃脘疼痛,痛经经闭,产后瘀阻,癥瘕腹痛,风湿痹痛,筋脉拘挛,跌打损伤,痈肿疮疡。
没药:辛、苦,平。归心、肝、脾经。功效与主治:散瘀定痛,消肿生肌。用于胸痹心痛,胃脘疼痛,痛经经闭,产后瘀阻,癥瘕腹痛,风湿痹痛,跌打损伤,痈肿疮疡。
独活:辛、苦,微温。归肾、膀胱经。功效与主治:祛风除湿,通痹止痛。用于风寒湿痹,腰膝疼痛,少阴伏风头痛,风寒挟湿头痛。
桂枝:辛、甘,温。归心、肺、膀胱经。功效与主治:发汗解肌,温通经脉,助阳化气,平冲降气。用于风寒感冒,脘腹冷痛,血寒经闭,关节痹痛,痰饮,水肿,心悸,奔豚。
臭梧桐:辛、苦,寒。归肝经。功效与主治:风湿痹痛,半身不遂,高血压病,偏头痛,疟疾,痢疾,痔疮,痈疽疮疥。
防风:辛、甘,微温。归膀胱、肝、脾经。功效与主治:祛风解表,胜湿止痛,止痉。用于感冒头痛,风湿痹痛,风疹瘙痒,破伤风。
秦艽:辛、苦,平。归胃、肝、胆经。功效与主治:祛风湿,清湿热,止痹痛,退虚热。用于风湿痹痛,中风半身不遂,筋脉拘挛,骨节酸痛,湿热黄疸,骨蒸潮热,小儿疳积发热。
细辛:辛,温。归心、肺、肾经。功效与主治:解表散寒,祛风止痛,通窍,温肺化饮。用于风寒感冒,头痛,牙痛,鼻塞流涕,鼻鼽,鼻渊,风湿痹痛,痰饮喘咳。
威灵仙:辛、咸,温。归膀胱经。功效与主治:祛风湿,通经络。用于风湿痹痛,肢体麻木,筋脉拘挛,屈伸不利。
小茴香:辛,温。归肝、肾、脾、胃经。功效与主治:散寒止痛,理气和胃。用于寒疝腹痛,睾丸偏坠,痛经,少腹冷痛,脘腹胀痛,食少吐泻。盐小茴香暖肾散寒止痛。用于寒疝腹痛,睾丸偏坠,经寒腹痛。
川芎:辛,温。归肝、胆、心包经。功效与主治:活血行气,祛风止痛。用于胸痹心痛,胸胁刺痛,跌扑肿痛,月经不调,经闭痛经,癥瘕腹痛,头痛,风湿痹痛。
延胡索:辛、苦,温。归肝、脾经。功效与主治:活血,行气,止痛。用于胸胁、脘腹疼痛,胸痹心痛,经闭痛经,产后瘀阻,跌扑肿痛。
桃仁:苦、甘,平。归心、肝、大肠经。功效与主治:活血祛瘀,润肠通便,止咳平喘。用于经闭痛经,癥瘕痞块,肺痈肠痈,跌扑损伤,肠燥便秘,咳嗽气喘。
穿山甲:咸,微寒。归肝、胃经。功效与主治:活血消癥,通经下乳,消肿排脓,搜风通络。用于经闭癥瘕,乳汁不通,痈肿疮毒,风湿痹痛,中风瘫痪,麻木拘挛。
防己:苦,寒。归膀胱、肺经。功效与主治:祛风止痛,利水消肿。用于风湿痹痛,水肿脚气,小便不利,湿疹疮毒。
全蝎:辛,平;有毒。归肝经。功效与主治:息风镇痉,通络止痛,攻毒散结。用于肝风内动,痉挛抽搐,小儿惊风,中风口半身不遂,破伤风,风湿顽痹,偏正头痛,疮疡,瘰疬。
肉桂:辛、甘,大热。归肾、脾、心、肝经。功效与主治:补火助阳,引火归元,散寒止痛,温通经脉,用于阳瘘宫冷,腰膝冷痛,肾虚作喘,虚阳上浮,眩晕目赤,心腹冷痛,虚寒吐泻,寒疝腹痛,痛经经闭。
狗脊:苦、甘,温。归肝、肾经。功效与主治:祛风湿,补肝肾,强腰膝。用于风湿痹痛,腰膝酸软,下肢无力。
续断:苦、辛,微温。归肝、肾经。功效与主治:补肝肾,强筋骨,续折伤,止崩漏。用于肝肾不足,腰膝酸软,风湿痹痛,跌扑损伤,筋伤骨折,崩漏,胎漏。酒续断多用于风湿痹痛,跌扑损伤,筋伤骨折。盐续断多用于腰膝酸软。
甘草:甘,平。归心、肺、脾、胃经。功效与主治:脾益气,清热解毒,祛痰止咳,缓急止痛,调和诸药。用于脾胃虚弱,倦怠乏力,心悸气短,咳嗽痰多,脘腹、四肢挛急疼痛,痈肿疮毒,缓解药物毒性、烈性。
当归:甘、辛,温。归肝、心、脾经。功能与主治:补血活血,调经止痛,润肠通便。用于血虚萎黄,眩晕心悸,月经不调,经闭痛经,虚寒腹痛,风湿痹痛,跌扑损伤,痈疽疮疡,肠燥便秘。酒当归活血通经。用于经闭痛经,风湿痹痛,跌扑损伤。
牛膝:苦、甘、酸,平。归肝、肾经。功效与主治:逐瘀通经,补肝肾,强筋骨,利尿通淋,引血下行。用于经闭,痛经,腰膝酸痛,筋骨无力,淋证,水肿,头痛,眩晕,牙痛,口疮,吐血,衄血。
苏木:甘、咸,平。归心、肝、脾经。功效与主治:活血祛瘀,消肿止痛。用于跌打损伤,骨折筋伤,瘀滞肿痛,经闭痛经,产后瘀阻,胸腹刺痛,痈疽肿痛。
桑寄生:苦、甘,平。归肝、肾经。功效与主治:祛风湿,补肝肾,强筋骨,安胎元。用于风湿痹痛,腰膝酸软,筋骨无力,崩漏经多,妊娠漏血,胎动不安,头晕目眩。
川乌:辛、苦,热;有大毒。归心、肝、肾、脾经。功效与主治:祛风除湿,温经止痛。用于风寒湿痹,关节疼痛,心腹冷痛,寒疝作痛及麻醉止痛。
草乌:辛、苦,热;有大毒。归心、肝、肾、脾经。功效与主治:祛风除湿,温经止痛。用于风寒湿痹,关节疼痛,心腹冷痛,寒疝作痛及麻醉止痛。
凤仙根:苦、辛,平。归肝经。功效与主治:活血止痛,利湿消肿。
透骨草:甘、辛,温。归肺、肝经。功效与主治:祛风除湿,舒筋活络,活血止痛,解毒化疹
冰片:辛、苦,凉。归心、脾、肺经。功效与主治:开窍醒神,清热止痛。用于热病神昏、惊厥,中风痰厥,气郁暴厥,中恶昏迷,胸痹心痛,目赤,口疮,咽喉肿痛,耳道流脓。
红花:辛,温。归心、肝经。功效与主治:活血通经,散瘀止痛。用于经闭,痛经,恶露不行,癥瘕痞块,胸痹心痛,瘀滞腹痛,胸胁剌痛,跌扑损伤,疮疡肿痛。
痹症疼痛的病变与枢机不利、气血不和密切相关。在痹症的发展过程中,风寒湿邪客于经脉,营卫不和,日久枢机不利,营气郁滞,不能濡养四肢百骸、周身经脉,不通则痛。若阳气充盛,寒湿阴翳之邪得消,痹症之痛亦随之而消。
有益效果:本发明的中药组合物,针对不同痹症和跌打损伤,组合物中穿山甲、透骨草、狗脊和威灵仙为君药,穿山甲、透骨草两药合用,治筋骨失养,屈伸不利,肢体麻木,筋骨挛缩,有伸筋透骨之效;配以狗脊和威灵仙,固其气,强其骨,防己、延胡索、桃仁、甘草、当归用以行气补气,配以红花活络营血,活血去淤,共奏臣药之效;辅以细辛、苏木、川乌、草乌和凤仙根祛风止痛。全方配伍得当,使风邪祛、新血生、气机畅,通络止痛,健旺筋络。
本发明的中药组合物制备成膏药颜色黑,加热后软化,可以稳固的粘贴到皮肤上,冷却硬化,用后可以轻松移除。经皮肤发挥作用,遵循中医辨证论治及中药的功效,主治与归经的原则,充分调动各种药物的独特功能,组成多味药物的复方,以发挥各药物的良好效果。
本发明的中药组合物制备成膏药直接敷贴于人体表面,避免了口服药物对人体产生的毒副作用,有利于人体健康,制作本膏剂的药物大多气味较浓,并配以辛香走窜极强的引经药物,率领群药,透入皮肤,开结行滞,直达病灶,产生开窍通骨,通经走络,祛风散寒,活血化瘀,消炎止痛的功效。
同时,贴于体表的药膏刺激神经末梢,通过反射,扩张血管,促进局部血液循环,改善周围组织营养,达到消肿,消炎和镇痛的目的。另外,本品中有些刺激性强的药物,通过神经反射,可以调节机体功能,促进抗体形成,提高人体免疫力。
具体实施方式
下面对本发明的优选实施例进行详细的描述。实施例中未注明具体条件的实验方法,通常按照常规条件或按照制造厂商所建议的条件。
实施例1
一种中药组合物,由下述重量配比的原料药制成:
乳香7g、没药7g、独活13g、桂枝13g、臭梧桐13g、防风11g、秦艽13g、细辛13g、威灵仙13g、小茴香11g、川芎11g、延胡索13g、桃仁7g、穿山甲7g、防己13g、全蝎7g、肉桂13g、狗脊20g、续断13g、甘草13g、当归13g、牛膝20g、苏木13g、桑寄生10g、川乌7g、草乌7g、凤仙根20g、透骨草13g、冰片7g、红花13g。
一种膏药制备方法:
a.将上述中药物粉碎后过140目待用;
b.花生油150克在锅中加热至70~80℃;
c.医用松香1500克轻轻置于锅中,防止锅内的油溅出,将医用热熔胶(膏药胶)1700克置入锅中;
d.中火加热,使植物油、松香和热熔胶熔化,并适当搅拌,使之熔化均匀,然后缓缓加入中药组合物细粉,并不停搅拌,时间一小时左右,不能用大火,再继续用小火熬一小时,并不断搅拌,最后熬制滴水成珠,膏不粘手又稠度适当即可。
花生油还可以用其他食用植物油代替,如芝麻油、棉子油、菜子油、玉米胚油、大豆油,本发明的中药组合物配以芝麻油为最佳。
除了膏药,还可以通过常规的药物制剂方法将所述中药组合物制备成喷雾剂、散剂、软膏等外用药剂。
实施例2
一种中药组合物,由下述重量配比的原料药制成:
乳香10g、没药10g、独活20g、桂枝15g、臭梧桐15g、防风12g、秦艽20g、细辛15g、威灵仙15g、小茴香16g、川芎16g、延胡索20g、桃仁12g、穿山甲10g、防己12g、全蝎10g、肉桂20g、狗脊30g、续断20g、甘草20g、当归15g、牛膝30g、苏木20g、桑寄生16g、川乌12g、草乌12g、凤仙根25g、透骨草20g、冰片10g和红花20g。
膏药制备方法:
e.将上述中药物粉碎后过170目待用;
a.芝麻油200克在锅中加热至80℃;
b.将医用松香2000克轻轻置于锅中,防止锅内植物油溅出,将医用热熔胶(膏药胶)2500克置入锅中;
c.中火加热,使植物油、松香和热熔胶熔化,并适当搅拌,使之熔化均匀,然后缓缓加入中药组合物细粉,并不停搅拌,时间一小时左右,不能用大火,再继续用小火熬一小时,并不断搅拌,最后熬制滴水成珠,膏不粘手又稠度适当即可。
熬好的药膏按每贴10-15g摊涂于无纺布上,形状圆整,老嫩适宜,贴于皮肤有适当的粘性且不移动,外观无油腻,对皮肤且无刺激性,在常温下保存两年不变质,不失去粘性。
实施例3
一种中药组合物,由下述重量配比的原料药制成:
乳香13g、没药13g、独活22g、桂枝17g、臭梧桐17g、防风13g、秦艽22g、细辛17g、威灵仙15g、小茴香17g、川芎22g、延胡索22g、桃仁12g、穿山甲12g、防己12g、全蝎12g、肉桂22g、狗脊26g、续断22g、甘草17g、当归12g、牛膝25g、苏木21g、桑寄生17g、川乌13g、草乌13g、凤仙根21g、透骨草21g、冰片9g、红花21g。
实施例4
一种中药组合物,由下述重量配比的原料药制成:
乳香8g、没药8g、独活16g、桂枝16g、臭梧桐16g、防风15g、秦艽16g、细辛16g、威灵仙16g、小茴香18g、川芎18g、延胡索16g、桃仁8g、穿山甲8g、防己15g、全蝎15g、肉桂16g、狗脊28g、续断16g、甘草16g、当归15g、牛膝24g、苏木18g、桑寄生18g、川乌10g、草乌10g、凤仙根24g、透骨草24g、冰片8g、红花22g。
制备方法及物质用量同实施例2。
实施例5
一种中药组合物,由下述重量配比的原料药制成:
乳香15g、没药15g、独活20g、桂枝18g、臭梧桐18g、防风10g、秦艽20g、细辛15g、威灵仙20g、小茴香17g、川芎22g、延胡索22g、桃仁12g、穿山甲12g、防己12g、全蝎12g、肉桂22g、狗脊27g、续断22g、甘草17g、当归12g、牛膝27g、苏木22g、桑寄生17g、川乌12g、草乌12g、凤仙根22g、透骨草22g、冰片7g、红花22g。
制备方法及物质用量同实施例2。
实施例6
一种中药组合物,由下述重量配比的原料药制成:
乳香15g、没药15g、独活25g、桂枝20g、臭梧桐20g、防风15g、秦艽25g、细辛20g、威灵仙30g、小茴香20g、川芎25g、延胡索25g、桃仁15g、穿山甲15g、防己15g、全蝎15g、肉桂25g、狗脊30g、续断25g、甘草20g、当归15g、牛膝30g、苏木25g、桑寄生20g、川乌15g、草乌15g、凤仙根25g、透骨草25g、冰片10g、红花25g。
制备方法及物质用量同实施例2。
实施例7
治疗结果:在临床使用本发明药物,用此方配制并经熬制而成的药膏经过几千例患者体验,对颈椎病、肩周炎、腰椎间盘突出、四肢麻木,骨质增生、风湿、类风湿关节痛、腰酸背痛、跌打损伤、扭伤等均有明显治疗效果,是传统的拔罐、刮痧、针灸、按摩、服药等方法不能比拟的,比手术更安全,比口服药物更有效,而且无毒副作用。治疗起来更简单、直接、无痛苦、无风险、值得推广应用。
典型病例
病例1:董某义,男,62岁,陕西渭南人。部队离退休干部。2014年8月,患腰椎间盘突出兼骨质增生,走路穿鞋困难,医院住院治疗一个多月不见好转。贴用实施例2中膏药1月后。4年内电话随访3次无复发。
病例2:王某莲,女,52岁。浙江金华人,某政府机关保洁员。2018年7月,患腰椎间盘突出压迫坐骨神经,小腿疼痛,多日无法睡觉。医生建议做手术。贴用实施例3中膏药半月治愈。未手术,已正常上班。
病例3:付某某,男,70岁,重庆市开州区人。2017年8月就诊。腰椎间盘突出压迫坐骨神经,引起腿麻木,行动不便,多方治疗无效。使用实施例2中膏药45天痊愈,一年后电话随访无复发,曾多次介绍有需求的亲朋好友来使用。
病例4:李某,男,65岁,重庆市开州区人。太极拳爱好者2016年10月运动后腰扭伤,疼痛难忍,经人介绍来贴此药膏,使用实施例2中膏药10天痊愈,一年后电话随访无复发。
病例5:余某富,65岁,退休教师。严重颈椎病,颈椎压迫神经引起大脑供血不足造成脑萎缩,老年痴呆。2016年9月就诊,贴用本实施例2中膏药60天颈椎病减轻,恢复部分简单的生活自理能力。
病例6:潘某,男,52岁,重庆市开州区人。患腰椎间盘突出压迫坐骨神经引起腿麻木,疼痛难忍,不能行走,寝食难安,无法劳动。2017年10月贴用本实施例3中膏药一个月,症状消失,恢复劳动能力且无复发。
病例7:赵正某,男,55岁,重庆市开州区人。患腰椎间盘突出十年,压迫坐骨神经,疼痛难忍,坐立不安,行动不便。经其内弟蒋某(2017年使用本膏药治好的腰椎间盘突出兼骨质增生)介绍,2018年10月贴用本实施例5中膏药20天,症状消失,恢复劳动能力。
病例8:余某,男,45岁,公务员,2017年12月15日就诊:颈项部疼痛2月,自感颈部肌肉无力,诊断为颈椎间盘突出。贴用实施例4中药组合物制备的膏药14贴后复诊,疼痛消失。一年后电话随访无复发。
病例9:李某某,女,47岁,左肘关节扭转与伸展受限,尤其是动时剧痛,确诊类风湿性关节炎3年。多次治疗后反复。采用实施例2中本发明膏药2月后复诊,症状明显减轻。一年后电话随访效果良好。
最后说明的是,以上优选实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非限制,尽管通过上述优选实施例已经对本发明进行了详细的描述,但本领域技术人员应当理解,可以在形式上和细节上对其作出各种各样的改变,而不偏离本发明权利要求书所限定的范围。

Claims (10)

1.一种中药组合物,其特征在于,按重量份数计,由下述原料药组成:乳香5-15份、没药5-15份、独活10-25份、桂枝10-20份、臭梧桐10-20份、防风8-15份、秦艽10-25份、细辛10-20份、威灵仙10-30份、小茴香8-20份、川芎8-25份、延胡索10-25份、桃仁5-15份、穿山甲5-15份、防己10-15份、全蝎5-15份、肉桂10-25份、狗脊15-30份、续断10-25份、甘草10-20份、当归10-15份、牛膝15-30份、苏木10-25份、桑寄生8-20份、川乌5-15份、草乌5-15份、凤仙根15-25份、透骨草10-25份、冰片5-10份和红花10-25份。
2.根据权利要求1所述的中药组合物,其特征在于,按重量份数计,由下述原料药组成:乳香7-13份、没药7-13份、独活13-22份、桂枝13-17份、臭梧桐13-17份、防风11-15份、秦艽13-22份、细辛13-17份、威灵仙13-20份、小茴香11-17份、川芎11-22份、延胡索13-22份、桃仁7-12份、穿山甲7-12份、防己10-15份、全蝎7-12份、肉桂13-22份、狗脊15-30份、续断13-22份、甘草10-20份、当归10-15份、牛膝15-30份、苏木13-22份、桑寄生8-20份、川乌7-12份、草乌7-12份、凤仙根15-25份、透骨草13-22份、冰片5-10份和红花13-22份。
3.根据权利要求1所述的中药组合物,其特征在于,按重量份数计,由下述原料药组成:乳香10份、没药10份、独活20份、桂枝15份、臭梧桐15份、防风12份、秦艽20份、细辛15份、威灵仙15份、小茴香16份、川芎16份、延胡索20份、桃仁12份、穿山甲10份、防己12份、全蝎10份、肉桂20份、狗脊30份、续断20份、甘草20份、当归15份、牛膝30份、苏木20份、桑寄生16份、川乌12份、草乌12份、凤仙根25份、透骨草20份、冰片10份和红花20份。
4.根据权利要求1-3任一项所述中药组合物在制备治疗痹症、关节疼痛或跌打损伤的药物中的应用。
5.根据权利要求4所述的应用,其特征在于,所述痹症、关节疼痛或跌打损伤为腰椎间盘突出,颈椎病,肩周炎,风湿,类风湿关节痛,坐骨神经痛,四肢麻木,骨质增生,跌打损伤,扭闪挫伤,腰酸背痛。
6.根据权利要求4所述的应用,其特征在于,将所述中药组合物制备成膏药、喷雾剂、散剂或软膏。
7.根据权利要求1-3任一项所述中药组合物膏药的制备方法,其特征在于,所述制备方法的步骤为:
a.将所有中药物粉碎后过120~200目待用;
b.食用植物油加热至70~80℃;
c.再依次加入医用松香和医用热熔胶;
d.中火加热,使植物油、松香和热熔胶熔化,并搅拌使之熔化均匀,然后缓缓加入中药组合物细粉,小火熬制并不停搅拌,时间1-2小时,最后熬制滴水成珠,膏不粘手。
8.根据权利要求7所述的制备方法,其特征在于,按质量份数计,中药物总质量:食用植物油:医用松香:医用热熔胶为1:0.3~0.5:3~5:4~6。
9.根据权利要求7所述的制备方法,其特征在于,按质量份数计,中药物总质量:食用植物油:医用松香:医用热熔胶为1:0.4:4:5。
10.根据权利要求7所述的制备方法,其特征在于,所述食用植物油为芝麻油。
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