CN109084840A - A kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things - Google Patents

A kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109084840A
CN109084840A CN201810935129.XA CN201810935129A CN109084840A CN 109084840 A CN109084840 A CN 109084840A CN 201810935129 A CN201810935129 A CN 201810935129A CN 109084840 A CN109084840 A CN 109084840A
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China
Prior art keywords
creek
information
water quality
monitoring
water
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CN201810935129.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冼翠金
邵辉
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Sirius Materials Technology Research (guangdong) Co Ltd
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Sirius Materials Technology Research (guangdong) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810935129.XA priority Critical patent/CN109084840A/en
Publication of CN109084840A publication Critical patent/CN109084840A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING OR COUNTING
    • G06QINFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL OR SUPERVISORY PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL OR SUPERVISORY PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/10Services
    • G06Q50/26Government or public services
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/152Water filtration

Abstract

A kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things, the following steps are included: monitoring profile set: creek waters two sides with equidistant form, along the river it gushes water (flow) direction and arranges several contamination monitoring devices, real time monitoring setting: the contamination monitoring device obtains the water quality information of position with Fixed Time Interval, water quality information is uploaded to monitoring water quality server by Internet of Things network interface card, it determines Polluted area: obtaining the exceeded contaminated creek real time monitoring area of each index parameter in water quality information, it determines pollution sources: comparing the water quality information of each contamination monitoring device in contaminated creek real time monitoring area, it is for statistical analysis according to the speed of creek water flow and the Fixed Time Interval for obtaining water quality information, determine pollution source position.The present invention monitors the pin numbers information that profile set determines each contamination monitoring device, is arranged in creek waters with segmented version, obtains the water quality situation of each section of creek water in creek waters in real time.

Description

A kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things
Technical field
The present invention relates to water analysis and monitoring technology field, especially a kind of creek water pollution prison based on Internet of Things Control and sectional management method.
Background technique
Water quality monitoring is type, the concentration and variation tendency of each pollutant of pollutant in monitoring and measurement water body, comments The process of valence water quality condition;Monitoring range is very extensive, including is not contaminated and contaminated natural water (river, river, lake, sea And underground water) and various industrial water drainages etc.;Main monitoring project can be divided into two major classes: one kind is reflection water quality condition Overall target, such as temperature, coloration, turbidity, pH value, conductivity, suspended matter, dissolved oxygen, COD and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD); Another kind of is some noxious materials, such as cyanogen, arsenic, lead, chromium, cadmium, mercury and organic agricultural chemicals.
The method of traditional detection water quality is first sampled to water quality, is then being sent to inspection using personal monitoring's mode It surveys mechanism to be detected, cannot achieve in time to the detection of water quality and judgement, and detection method is single, be easy by bad weather Influence, expend a large amount of manpower and material resources, cost is excessively high, the real-time water quality at the water quality information that lab analysis obtains and water sample Information may have certain error, cause water quality information monitoring inaccuracy, do not have real-time;Later with information technology There are many automatic monitoring methods in development, but segmentation scheme is still used and manually supervised to multiple points in certain creek region Control lacks the implementation means of the acquisition creek water quality of systematization and automation, and the monitoring in traditional technology to creek waters Method design is unreasonable, it is difficult to the corresponding water quality information for obtaining different creek regions effectively, in real time, if there is pollution Difficulty determines the position of pollution sources from the limited time, to cannot administer in time to the region of creek water pollution.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the disadvantages mentioned above of the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide the variations of real time monitoring water quality, subregion The creek water quality of sectional management can quickly determine that a kind of creek waters based on Internet of Things of the pollution sources of contaminated creek water is dirty Dye monitoring and sectional management method.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of creek water pollution prison based on Internet of Things Control and sectional management method, in which: the following steps are included:
1) monitor profile set: creek waters two sides with equidistant form, gush water (flow) direction along the river and arrange several Contamination monitoring device, wherein forming one section of creek real time monitoring area, institute with the region that at least two contamination monitoring devices are covered Creek real time monitoring area is stated to be divided with committee of village, small towns compass of competency or fixed range where the creek;
2) real time monitoring setting: the contamination monitoring device obtains the water quality information of position with Fixed Time Interval, Water quality information is uploaded to monitoring water quality server by Internet of Things network interface card, wherein the water quality information includes at least the ammonia nitrogen in water Information, suspended particle information, COD index information, content of beary metal information, temperature information, pH value information;
3) it determines Polluted area: obtaining the exceeded contaminated creek real time monitoring area of each index parameter in water quality information, In contaminated creek real time monitoring area include index parameter is exceeded in water quality information creek real time monitoring area and the monitoring The adjacent creek of area's updrift side monitors area in real time;
4) pollution sources are determined: comparing the water quality information of each contamination monitoring device in contaminated creek real time monitoring area, root It is for statistical analysis according to the speed of creek water flow and the Fixed Time Interval of acquisition water quality information, determine pollution source position.
Further improvement of the present invention: in the monitoring profile set step, each contamination monitoring device is set with only One pin numbers information, the pin numbers information include independent and unique ID coding, position information, affiliated creek reality When monitored space information.
As a further improvement of the present invention: in the real time monitoring setting procedure, the monitoring water quality server is obtained The water quality information that the contamination monitoring device is sent, building creek water area water-quality monitor cartographic model, the phase in cartographic model Position is answered to import corresponding water quality information.
As a further improvement of the present invention: in the real time monitoring setting procedure, the ammonia nitrogen information is sensed by ammonia nitrogen Device obtains, and the suspended particle information is obtained by water quality suspended matter sensor, and the COD index information is obtained by COD sensor Take, the content of beary metal information is obtained by water quality heavy metal sensor, the temperature information by water quality temperature sensor obtain, The pH value information is obtained by water quality pH detector.
As a further improvement of the present invention: setting at least one mobile monitoring terminal in each creek real time monitoring area Or the manager's mobile device that can be communicated with monitoring water quality server, for obtaining creek water quality information or managerial integration information.
As a further improvement of the present invention: in the determining Polluted area step, the monitoring water quality server is obtained The water quality information in contaminated creek real time monitoring area, and corresponding exceeded water quality information and managerial integration information are passed through into communication network Network is sent to mobile monitoring terminal or manager's mobile device.
As a further improvement of the present invention: in the determining pollution sources step, the statistical analysis includes that dirt is received in comparison The water quality information for contaminating each contamination monitoring device in creek real time monitoring area, determines and most starts to monitor the exceeded pollution of water quality information Monitoring device position is obtained with the contamination monitoring device position by calculating creek water velocity and contamination monitoring device The Fixed Time Interval of water quality information is taken to obtain corresponding contaminated creek water flowing distance, with the contamination monitoring device position The pollution source position of creek water is determined toward the contaminated creek water flowing distance of updrift side.
As a further improvement of the present invention: the water quality server will pollute source position by communication network and send warning Mobile terminal or manager mobile device of the information to corresponding creek real time monitoring area.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The present invention monitors the pin numbers information that profile set determines each contamination monitoring device, to divide in creek waters Section form arrangement, obtains the water quality situation of each section of creek water in creek waters in real time, when creek water quality is contaminated, obtains in time Corresponding contaminated creek monitors area in real time, and each monitored space manager is notified to administer, while can be quickly true in finite time Surely source position is polluted, the creek real time monitoring area manager where notice pollution source position carries out emergency processing.
The monitoring point of multiple creek water is carried out systematization fixed point design by the present invention, is realized and is monitored in real time to creek waters, Each local area is greatly facilitated to administer to the water quality protection in creek waters and effectively.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is operation principle schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is contamination monitoring apparatus structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Now in conjunction with Detailed description of the invention, the present invention is further described with embodiment:
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things, in which: including following Step:
1) monitor profile set: creek waters 1 two sides with equidistant form, gush water (flow) direction along the river and arrange several Contamination monitoring device 2, wherein one section of creek real time monitoring area 3 is formed with the region that at least two contamination monitoring devices are covered, The creek real time monitoring area is divided with committee of village, small towns compass of competency or fixed range where the creek;
Unique pin numbers information is set with to each contamination monitoring device, the pin numbers information is including independently and only One ID coding, position information, affiliated creek monitor area's information in real time.
The contamination monitoring device includes the equipment setting device 21 being located on creek curb railing, in equipment setting device The extension rod 22 that extends on 21 to creek, the carbon fiber pipe 23 of fixed 22 end of extension rod in one end or flexible metal network management and heavy Ability of swimming water quality real-time monitoring device 24, the water quality real-time monitoring device 24 is set to the other end of carbon fiber pipe 23, for sinking to Water quality information is obtained in water, a Water surface floatation device 25 is additionally provided on the carbon fiber pipe 23, for guaranteeing that each water quality is real-time The depth of monitoring device submerged is consistent, and power supply line and data line, the power supply line sum number are additionally provided in the carbon fiber pipe Access water quality real-time monitoring device according to line one end, the other end respectively with the information collection that is fixed on equipment setting device Device 26 and power supply unit 27 connect, and the information collecting device 26 is equipped with Internet of Things network interface card, for monitoring water quality server without Line connection and transmission data, the information collecting device obtain water quality real-time detection apparatus by data line and acquire water quality information, And monitoring water quality server is uploaded to by Internet of Things network interface card, the power supply unit uses solar powered mould group or wind-power electricity generation mould Group.
2) real time monitoring setting: the contamination monitoring device obtains the water quality information of position with Fixed Time Interval, Water quality information is uploaded to monitoring water quality server by Internet of Things network interface card;
The monitoring water quality server obtains the water quality information that the contamination monitoring device is sent, and constructs creek water area water-quality Cartographic model is monitored, corresponding position in cartographic model imports corresponding water quality information, according to intuitively observing some creek water Creek real time monitoring area is understood more intuitively in the water quality situation in domain;
The water quality information includes at least ammonia nitrogen information, suspended particle information, COD index information, heavy metal in water Content information, temperature information, pH value information, wherein the ammonia nitrogen information is obtained by ammonia nitrogen sensor, the suspended particle letter Breath by water quality suspended matter sensor obtain, the COD index information by COD sensor obtain, the content of beary metal information by Water quality heavy metal sensor obtains, and the temperature information is obtained by water quality temperature sensor, the pH value information is examined by water quality pH Instrument is surveyed to obtain.
3) it determines Polluted area: obtaining the exceeded contaminated creek real time monitoring area of each index parameter in water quality information, In contaminated creek real time monitoring area include index parameter is exceeded in water quality information creek real time monitoring area and the monitoring The adjacent creek of area's updrift side monitors area in real time;
At least one mobile monitoring terminal is set in each creek real time monitoring area or can be led to monitoring water quality server Manager's mobile device of news, for obtaining creek water quality information or managerial integration information, when in a certain creek real time monitoring area There is the contaminated situation of water quality, the manager or expert in monitoring water quality server can send information to corresponding creek region The water quality of manager, the creek region for notifying it to manage are contaminated, while can provide the suggestion accordingly administered, in time to creek Waters contaminated area is administered.
4) pollution sources are determined: comparing the water quality information of each contamination monitoring device in contaminated creek real time monitoring area, root It is for statistical analysis according to the speed of creek water flow and the Fixed Time Interval of acquisition water quality information, determine pollution source position;
The statistical analysis includes the water quality information that each contamination monitoring device in contaminant rivers real time monitoring area is received in comparison, It determines and most starts to monitor the exceeded contamination monitoring device position of water quality information, passed through with the contamination monitoring device position The Fixed Time Interval for calculating creek water velocity and contamination monitoring device acquisition water quality information obtains corresponding contaminated creek water Flow distance determines creek water with the contaminated creek water flowing distance of the contamination monitoring device position toward updrift side Pollution source position;
The water quality server will pollute source position transmission information warning by communication network and monitor in real time to corresponding creek The mobile terminal or manager's mobile device in area notify corresponding management person or responsible person to carry out targeted pollution administration in time Source.
In conclusion after those skilled in the art read file of the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention with Technical concept is not necessarily to creative mental labour and makes other various corresponding conversion schemes, belongs to the model that the present invention is protected It encloses.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things, it is characterized in that: the following steps are included:
1) monitor profile set: creek waters two sides with equidistant form, gush water (flow) direction along the river and arrange several pollutions Monitoring device, wherein forming one section of creek real time monitoring area, the river with the region that at least two contamination monitoring devices are covered Real time monitoring area is gushed to be divided with committee of village, small towns compass of competency or fixed range where the creek;
2) real time monitoring setting: the contamination monitoring device obtains the water quality information of position with Fixed Time Interval, by water Matter information is uploaded to monitoring water quality server by Internet of Things network interface card, wherein the water quality information includes at least the ammonia nitrogen letter in water Breath, suspended particle information, COD index information, content of beary metal information, temperature information, pH value information;
3) it determines Polluted area: obtaining the exceeded contaminated creek real time monitoring area of each index parameter in water quality information, wherein by Contaminant rivers real time monitoring area includes on the creek real time monitoring area that index parameter is exceeded in water quality information and the monitored space Roam all around the would to adjacent creek monitor in real time area;
4) pollution sources are determined: the water quality information of each contamination monitoring device in contaminated creek real time monitoring area are compared, according to river The speed of water burst stream and the Fixed Time Interval for obtaining water quality information are for statistical analysis, determine pollution source position.
2. a kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, special Sign is: in the monitoring profile set step, being set with unique pin numbers information, the positioning to each contamination monitoring device Number information includes independent and unique ID coding, position information, affiliated creek real time monitoring area's information.
3. a kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, special Sign is: in the real time monitoring setting procedure, the monitoring water quality server obtains the water quality that the contamination monitoring device is sent Information, building creek water area water-quality monitor cartographic model, and the corresponding position in cartographic model imports corresponding water quality information.
4. a kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, special Sign is: in the real time monitoring setting procedure, the ammonia nitrogen information is obtained by ammonia nitrogen sensor, the suspended particle information by Water quality suspended matter sensor obtains, and the COD index information is obtained by COD sensor, the content of beary metal information is by water quality Heavy metal sensor obtains, and the temperature information is obtained by water quality temperature sensor, the pH value information is by water quality pH detector It obtains.
5. a kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, special Sign is: setting at least one mobile monitoring terminal in each creek real time monitoring area or can communicate with monitoring water quality server Manager's mobile device, for obtaining creek water quality information or managerial integration information.
6. a kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things according to claim 1 or 5, Be characterized in: in the determining Polluted area step, the monitoring water quality server obtains the water in contaminated creek real time monitoring area Matter information, and corresponding exceeded water quality information and managerial integration information are sent to mobile monitoring terminal or pipe by communication network Reason person's mobile device.
7. a kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, special Sign is: in the determining pollution sources step, the statistical analysis includes that each pollution in contaminant rivers real time monitoring area is received in comparison The water quality information of monitoring device determines and most starts to monitor the exceeded contamination monitoring device position of water quality information, with the pollution Monitoring device position obtains the Fixed Time Interval of water quality information by calculating creek water velocity and contamination monitoring device Corresponding contaminated creek water flowing distance is obtained, with the contamination monitoring device position toward the contaminated creek water of updrift side Flow distance determines the pollution source position of creek water.
8. a kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things according to claim 7, special Sign is: the water quality server will pollute source position by communication network and send information warning to corresponding creek real time monitoring area Mobile terminal or manager's mobile device.
CN201810935129.XA 2018-08-16 2018-08-16 A kind of creek water pollution monitoring and sectional management method based on Internet of Things Pending CN109084840A (en)

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Cited By (8)

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CN111551213A (en) * 2020-06-12 2020-08-18 潮州长天环保科技有限公司 Automatic monitoring and sampling system for urban river water environment and working method thereof
CN111693672A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-09-22 广东理行生态环境科技有限公司 Drainage basin pollutant monitoring system and monitoring method thereof
CN112903660A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-04 广西大学 Method for judging current situation and source of pollution of watershed water body
CN113030416A (en) * 2021-03-25 2021-06-25 北京市环境保护科学研究院 Water source pollution source tracing method and device and electronic equipment
CN113532554A (en) * 2021-06-21 2021-10-22 中恒水务科技有限公司 Water affair backflow prevention monitoring system and backflow prevention method thereof
CN113706127A (en) * 2021-10-22 2021-11-26 长视科技股份有限公司 Water area analysis report generation method and electronic equipment
CN114019120A (en) * 2020-10-24 2022-02-08 深圳市自由度环保科技有限公司 Monitoring system, device and method for monitoring overproof tracing of urban sewage
CN114943194A (en) * 2022-05-16 2022-08-26 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 River pollution tracing method based on geostatistics

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111551213A (en) * 2020-06-12 2020-08-18 潮州长天环保科技有限公司 Automatic monitoring and sampling system for urban river water environment and working method thereof
CN111693672A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-09-22 广东理行生态环境科技有限公司 Drainage basin pollutant monitoring system and monitoring method thereof
CN114019120A (en) * 2020-10-24 2022-02-08 深圳市自由度环保科技有限公司 Monitoring system, device and method for monitoring overproof tracing of urban sewage
CN112903660A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-04 广西大学 Method for judging current situation and source of pollution of watershed water body
CN113030416A (en) * 2021-03-25 2021-06-25 北京市环境保护科学研究院 Water source pollution source tracing method and device and electronic equipment
CN113532554A (en) * 2021-06-21 2021-10-22 中恒水务科技有限公司 Water affair backflow prevention monitoring system and backflow prevention method thereof
CN113706127A (en) * 2021-10-22 2021-11-26 长视科技股份有限公司 Water area analysis report generation method and electronic equipment
CN114943194A (en) * 2022-05-16 2022-08-26 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 River pollution tracing method based on geostatistics

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