CN109013012A - A kind of building rubbish treatment device - Google Patents

A kind of building rubbish treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109013012A
CN109013012A CN201810900304.1A CN201810900304A CN109013012A CN 109013012 A CN109013012 A CN 109013012A CN 201810900304 A CN201810900304 A CN 201810900304A CN 109013012 A CN109013012 A CN 109013012A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
rough
torn
floating
water
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Application number
CN201810900304.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109013012B (en
Inventor
聂玲
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Guo Meng
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聂玲
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Priority to CN201810900304.1A priority Critical patent/CN109013012B/en
Publication of CN109013012A publication Critical patent/CN109013012A/en
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Publication of CN109013012B publication Critical patent/CN109013012B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/14Stamping mills
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/10Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with a roller co-operating with a stationary member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/30Shape or construction of rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B5/00Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating
    • B03B5/28Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating by sink-float separation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B7/00Combinations of wet processes or apparatus with other processes or apparatus, e.g. for dressing ores or garbage

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of building rubbish treatment devices, including impulse chamber, bulk metal collecting box, rough and torn chamber, biscuit metal collecting box, thin broken chamber, magnetic separation room, iron powder collecting box, the separation chamber Shui Fu, floating material collecting chamber and building material collecting box.By the floating sequentially component separated etc. of setting impact, separation, rough and torn, separation, thin broken, magnetic separation, separation, water, so that building waste of decorateing can be with classification, thus the problem of very good solution building waste is recycled.

Description

A kind of building rubbish treatment device
Technical field
The invention belongs to building machinery fields, and in particular to a kind of building rubbish treatment device.
Background technique
Building waste of decorateing is increasing, since it is mainly the big part such as stone, soil, reinforcing bar and waste and old furniture and hard Rubbish, current main methods are exactly to transport and fill.But generally all volume is larger for this kind of rubbish, house refuse at present Be all decoration building waste close to half, simple landfill not only causes a large amount of wastes in soil, can also be to soil and ground It is lauched and causes irreversible pollution.Therefore it needs targetedly to handle decoration building waste.To garbage disposal here, Stubborn problem is broken and classification,, can be not high to specification due to substance wherein hard containing reinforcing bar etc. if directly broken Crushing device damage, although and crushing device with a higher standard can be crushed these hard substances, cost is non- Chang Gao, and to wherein resulting in waste of resources with respect to not hard substance.Mainly manually, human cost is very for current classification Height is being classified after first separating and it also requires hand fit is mechanical, under efficiency is also relatively low.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above technical problems, of the invention to propose a kind of building rubbish treatment device.
It is realized by following technological means:
A kind of building rubbish treatment device, including impulse chamber, bulk metal collecting box, rough and torn chamber, biscuit metal collecting box, thin broken Chamber, magnetic separation room, iron powder collecting box, the separation chamber Shui Fu, floating material collecting chamber and building material collecting box.
The impulse chamber includes impact chamber enclosure, garbage inlet, jump bit, rolls roller, impulse chamber discharge port, transmission net Frame and the small material outlet of impulse chamber;The garbage inlet setting is in impact chamber enclosure one side wall, for putting into building waste Into impulse chamber, the jump bit be vertically arranged in impact chamber enclosure inner roof wall on, by impact downwards realize to enter punching The material hit in room carries out impact grinding, described to roll roller through vertical support arm setting on impact chamber enclosure inner roof wall, Rotation by rolling roller realizes that the material after the hammer impacts that liquidate carries out grinding operation, the bottom wall of the impact chamber enclosure It is obliquely installed, inclined direction is to tilt down from garbage inlet direction to roller direction is rolled, the impulse chamber discharge port setting In the lowermost end of the bottom wall of impact chamber enclosure, lateral transmission rack, the transmission net are provided with outside impulse chamber discharge port Frame upper surface is provided with more roller bearings, is provided with upper lower through-hole between more roller bearings, and transmission rack lower part is provided with impact The small material outlet in room.
The bulk metal collecting box is provided with opening and is connected to the transmission rack terminal, for that will transmit on rack Bulk metal material is collected.
The rough and torn chamber includes rough and torn chamber enclosure, rough and torn axis, rough and torn internal tooth, rough and torn external tooth, rough and torn chamber feeding inlet, rough and torn chamber Discharge port and rough and torn conveyer frames;The rough and torn chamber feeding inlet is arranged at the top of rough and torn chamber enclosure and goes out with the small material of the impulse chamber Mouth is connected, and the rough and torn axis is horizontally placed on inside rough and torn chamber enclosure, multiple rows of rough and torn internal tooth is provided on rough and torn axis, in rough and torn chamber Multiple rows of rough and torn external tooth is provided on the inside of shell and with the position of rough and torn internal tooth separately, rough and torn axis band under the drive of the motor Internal tooth of using force brokenly is rotated by axis of rough and torn axis itself, and the rough and torn chamber discharge port is arranged in rough and torn chamber enclosure bottom, in rough and torn chamber Discharge port lower part is provided with rough and torn conveyer frames, and the rough and torn conveyer frames are obliquely installed, and is provided in rough and torn conveyer frames upper surface more A transfer roller is provided with upper lower through-hole between transfer roller.
It is provided with opening on the side wall of the biscuit metal collecting box to be connected to the rough and torn conveyer frames terminal, being used for will be thick Biscuit metal material on broken conveyer frames is collected.
The thin broken chamber includes thin broken chamber enclosure, thin broken axis, thin broken internal tooth, thin broken external tooth, thin broken chamber feeding inlet and thin broken Chamber discharge port;The thin broken chamber feeding inlet is arranged on thin broken chamber enclosure roof and is connected to the rough and torn conveyer frames bottom, institute State thin broken axis to be horizontally placed on inside thin broken chamber enclosure, multiple rows of thin broken internal tooth be provided on thin broken axis, on the inside of thin broken chamber enclosure and The position of thin broken internal tooth separately is provided with multiple rows of thin broken external tooth, the thin broken axis drives thin broken under the driving of driving motor Internal tooth is rotated by axis of thin broken axis itself, and the thin broken chamber discharge port is arranged in thin broken chamber enclosure bottom.
The magnetic separation room is used to carry out irony material to broken material by way of magnetic separation and non-ferrous material divides From, be provided on the side wall of magnetic separation room magnetic separation room iron powder export and be connected to the iron powder collecting box, for irony material to be led to It crosses the outlet to be placed in iron powder collecting box, is provided with non-ferric material outlet on the bottom wall of magnetic separation room.
The separation chamber Shui Fu includes water floating chamber shell, floating material transporting wheel, the first solid-liquid separation plate, is separated by solid-liquid separation gear Plate, the second solid-liquid separation plate, quartz sand filtration plate, return pipe, return water water pump, water floating chamber feeding inlet, floating material outlet, building material Outlet, water outlet and water return outlet;The floating material transporting wheel includes fixed bracket, wheel body and baffle, described fixed bracket one end The axis that the other end and the wheel body are connect with water floating chamber shell inner roof wall is rotatablely connected, and the wheel body is horizontal cylindrical body, energy Enough axis with itself rotate, and multiple baffles are evenly equipped on body surfaces, and in water floating chamber interior of shell filled with water, the water surface is high Degree be arranged at the floating material transporting wheel, water floating chamber feeding inlet be arranged on water floating chamber housing top and with the magnetic separation The non-ferric material outlet of room is connected to, and floating material outlet is provided at the water surface elevation of water floating chamber side wall of outer shell;Described One solid-liquid separation plate, the second solid-liquid separation plate and quartz sand filtration plate are set in turn in water floating chamber interior of shell, institute from top to bottom It states the first solid-liquid separation plate and the second solid-liquid separation plate is obliquely installed, and the through-hole structure up and down that is disposed as gathering, first Separation of solid and liquid baffle is provided on solid-liquid separation plate, the side wall sealing of the separation of solid and liquid baffle side and water floating chamber shell is set It sets, and is provided with opening on one of side wall of water floating chamber shell, for taking out the separation of solid and liquid baffle from the opening It takes and is inserted into;The aperture of upper lower through-hole on second solid-liquid separation plate is less than the upper lower through-hole of first solid-liquid separation plate Aperture, the top that described lower one end of first solid-liquid separation plate is contacted with water floating chamber side wall of outer shell is provided with building and expects Mouthful, the quartz sand filtration plate is the structure of clamping quartz sand particle among upper and lower porous plate, under the quartz sand filtration plate It is provided with water outlet on the side wall or bottom wall of the water floating chamber shell in portion, in water floating chamber, the top of side wall of outer shell is provided with water return outlet, It is provided with return pipe between the water outlet and the water return outlet of water floating chamber shell exterior, return water is provided on return pipe Water pump.
The building material collecting box is used to collect the crushing building material isolated from the separation chamber Shui Fu, and the building material is received Header is connected by opening with the outlet of building material.
The floating material collecting chamber includes the transfer chamber on top and the discharge chambe of lower part, and the transfer chamber includes that transfer chamber enters The floating on transfer chamber side wall and with the separation chamber Shui Fu is arranged in mouth and floating material conveyer belt, the transmission chamber inlet Object outlet is connected, and the setting of floating material conveyer belt is provided at floating material transmission tape terminal in the transmission chamber inlet lower part The connector of transfer chamber and discharge chambe is provided with compression member in the discharge chambe, for will be from transfer chamber and discharge chambe The material that connector enters in discharge chambe is compressed.
Preferably, the aperture of the upper lower through-hole between the roller bearing of the transmission rack is greater than the rough and torn conveyer frames The transfer roller between upper lower through-hole aperture.
Preferably, spacing between the thin broken internal tooth and thin broken external tooth be less than the rough and torn internal tooth and rough and torn external tooth it Between spacing.
Preferably, described fixed bracket one end connect another with water floating chamber shell inner roof wall in the separation chamber Shui Fu End and the axis of the wheel body are rotatablely connected, and the rotation connection is rotatablely connected specifically by bearing and axis.
Preferably, rotational drive motor is additionally provided on the outside of the axis of the wheel body, for the axis by driving wheel body And wheel body is rotated using itself as axis.
Preferably, on the side wall of water floating chamber shell being used to that the separation of solid and liquid baffle to be extracted and is inserted into from the opening Opening be set on the side wall of first solid-liquid separation plate highest one end.
Preferably, (first on water floating chamber side wall between first solid-liquid separation plate and the second solid-liquid separation plate Solid-liquid separation plate and the lower one end of the second solid-liquid separation plate) it is also equipped with the outlet of building material.
Preferably, the aperture of the upper lower through-hole of first solid-liquid separation plate is 1 ~ 2mm.
Preferably, the aperture of the upper lower through-hole of second solid-liquid separation plate is 0.2 ~ 0.5mm.
Preferably, the floating material conveyer belt is obliquely installed, and inclined mode is to be with transmission chamber inlet joint Lower one end.
Preferably, the compression member includes vertical compression plate and is set to the push-pull rod for compressing postlaminar part, pass through The movement of compression plate is realized in the push-and-pull of push-pull rod, to realize the compression to material.
Effect of the invention is that:
1, by being separated after impacting, rolling, it is rough and torn after separate again, thin broken, magnetic separation separate again, water floating the step of separating again, pass through Building waste of decorateing is realized the separation sort operation of fining, avoided simultaneously by the gradually lock out operation of multiple different phase Caused by primary fragmentation or cost is excessively high or crushing teeth is easy to damage technical problem occurs.
2, it is floating by carrying out water after impact, rough and torn, thin broken, by the buoyancy of water, the different material of density is carried out High efficiency, low cost separation.Due to being that setting water is floating after repeatedly broken, either floating material or sediment, all substantially On be small blocky, graininess or powdery, therefore the floating separation of water avoids influencing each other for mixed material, can be realized efficiently point From.
3, by the way that the water in water floating chamber to be filtered for multiple times and be adsorbed in the process of water release, not only realize solid-liquid point From, but also water body is purified, it avoids water part feed enrichment and causes the pollution of water body and can not continue to use.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of building rubbish treatment device of the present invention.
Wherein: 11- garbage inlet, 12- jump bit, 13- roll roller, 14- impulse chamber bottom wall, and 15- transmits rack, 16- Bulk metal collecting box, the rough and torn axis of 21-, the rough and torn internal tooth of 22-, the rough and torn external tooth of 23-, the rough and torn chamber discharge port of 24-, the rough and torn transmission of 25- Frame, 26- biscuit metal collecting box, 31- thin broken axis, 32- thin broken internal tooth, 33- thin broken external tooth, 4- magnetic separation room, 41- magnetic separation room iron powder Outlet, 42- iron powder collecting box, the 50- water surface, 51- floating material transporting wheel, the first solid-liquid separation plate of 52-, 53- are separated by solid-liquid separation baffle, The second solid-liquid separation plate of 54-, 55- quartz sand filtration plate, 56- return pipe, 57- return water water pump, 58- building material collecting box, 6- drift Floating object collecting chamber, 61- floating material conveyer belt, 62- compression member.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1:
A kind of building rubbish treatment device, including impulse chamber, bulk metal collecting box, rough and torn chamber, biscuit metal collecting box, thin broken Chamber, magnetic separation room, iron powder collecting box, the separation chamber Shui Fu, floating material collecting chamber and building material collecting box.
The impulse chamber includes impact chamber enclosure, garbage inlet, jump bit, rolls roller, impulse chamber discharge port, transmission net Frame and the small material outlet of impulse chamber;The garbage inlet setting is in impact chamber enclosure one side wall, for putting into building waste Into impulse chamber, the jump bit is arranged 2, is vertically arranged on impact chamber enclosure inner roof wall, by impacting realization pair downwards The material entered in impulse chamber carries out impact grinding, and the roller that rolls is being impacted in chamber enclosure by vertical support arm setting On roof, the rotation by rolling roller realizes that the material to liquidate after hammer impacts carries out grinding operation, outside the impulse chamber The bottom wall of shell is obliquely installed, and inclined direction is to be inclined downwards from left to right, and the impulse chamber discharge port setting is in impact chamber enclosure Bottom wall right end, be provided with lateral transmission rack outside impulse chamber discharge port, the transmission rack upper surface setting There are more roller bearings, be provided with upper lower through-hole between more roller bearings, transmission rack lower part is provided with the small material outlet of impulse chamber.
The bulk metal collecting box is provided with opening and is connected to the transmission rack terminal, for that will transmit on rack Bulk metal material is collected.
The rough and torn chamber includes rough and torn chamber enclosure, rough and torn axis, rough and torn internal tooth, rough and torn external tooth, rough and torn chamber feeding inlet, rough and torn chamber Discharge port and rough and torn conveyer frames;The rough and torn chamber feeding inlet is arranged at the top of rough and torn chamber enclosure and goes out with the small material of the impulse chamber Mouth is connected, and the rough and torn axis is horizontally placed on inside rough and torn chamber enclosure, the rough and torn internal tooth of 3 rows is provided on rough and torn axis, in rough and torn chamber The rough and torn external tooth of 3 rows is provided on the inside of shell and with the position of rough and torn internal tooth separately, rough and torn axis band under the drive of the motor Internal tooth of using force brokenly is rotated by axis of rough and torn axis itself, and the rough and torn chamber discharge port is arranged in rough and torn chamber enclosure bottom, in rough and torn chamber Discharge port lower part is provided with rough and torn conveyer frames, and the rough and torn conveyer frames are obliquely installed, and is provided in rough and torn conveyer frames upper surface more A transfer roller is provided with upper lower through-hole between transfer roller.
It is provided with opening on the side wall of the biscuit metal collecting box to be connected to the rough and torn conveyer frames terminal, being used for will be thick Biscuit metal material on broken conveyer frames is collected.
The thin broken chamber includes thin broken chamber enclosure, thin broken axis, thin broken internal tooth, thin broken external tooth, thin broken chamber feeding inlet and thin broken Chamber discharge port;The thin broken chamber feeding inlet is arranged on thin broken chamber enclosure roof and is connected to the rough and torn conveyer frames bottom, institute State thin broken axis to be horizontally placed on inside thin broken chamber enclosure, 3 row's thin broken internal tooths be provided on thin broken axis, on the inside of thin broken chamber enclosure and with The position of thin broken internal tooth separately is provided with 3 row's thin broken external tooths, and the thin broken axis drives in thin broken under the driving of driving motor Tooth is rotated by axis of thin broken axis itself, and the thin broken chamber discharge port is arranged in thin broken chamber enclosure bottom.
The magnetic separation room is used to carry out irony material to broken material by way of magnetic separation and non-ferrous material divides From, be provided on the side wall of magnetic separation room magnetic separation room iron powder export and be connected to the iron powder collecting box, for irony material to be led to It crosses the outlet to be placed in iron powder collecting box, is provided with non-ferric material outlet on the bottom wall of magnetic separation room.
The separation chamber Shui Fu includes water floating chamber shell, floating material transporting wheel, the first solid-liquid separation plate, is separated by solid-liquid separation gear Plate, the second solid-liquid separation plate, quartz sand filtration plate, return pipe, return water water pump, water floating chamber feeding inlet, floating material outlet, building material Outlet, water outlet and water return outlet;The floating material transporting wheel is provided with 3, including fixed bracket, wheel body and baffle, described solid Fixed rack one end connect the other end with water floating chamber shell inner roof wall and the axis of the wheel body is rotatablely connected, and the wheel body is horizontal Cylindrical body can be rotated with the axis of itself, multiple baffles are evenly equipped on body surfaces, water floating chamber interior of shell filled with Water, water surface elevation are arranged at the floating material transporting wheel, and water floating chamber feeding inlet is arranged on water floating chamber housing top simultaneously It is connected to the non-ferric material outlet of the magnetic separation room, is provided with floating material at the water surface elevation of water floating chamber side wall of outer shell and goes out Mouthful;First solid-liquid separation plate, the second solid-liquid separation plate and quartz sand filtration plate are set in turn in from top to bottom outside water floating chamber Inside shell, first solid-liquid separation plate and the second solid-liquid separation plate are obliquely installed, specially left low and right high, and are disposed as Gather through-hole structure up and down, is provided with separation of solid and liquid baffle on the first solid-liquid separation plate, the separations of solid and liquid baffle side and The side wall sealed set of water floating chamber shell, and it is provided with opening on one of side wall of water floating chamber shell, being used for will be described Baffle is separated by solid-liquid separation to extract and be inserted into from the opening;The aperture of upper lower through-hole on second solid-liquid separation plate is less than described the The aperture of the upper lower through-hole of one solid-liquid separation plate is contacted in described lower one end of first solid-liquid separation plate with water floating chamber side wall of outer shell Top be provided with the outlet of building material, the quartz sand filtration plate is the structure of clamping quartz sand particle among upper and lower porous plate, It is provided with water outlet on the side wall or bottom wall of the water floating chamber shell of quartz sand filtration plate lower part, in water floating chamber side wall of outer shell Top be provided with water return outlet, be provided with return pipe between the water outlet and the water return outlet of water floating chamber shell exterior, Return water water pump is provided on return pipe.
The building material collecting box is used to collect the crushing building material isolated from the separation chamber Shui Fu, and the building material is received Header is connected by opening with the outlet of building material.
The floating material collecting chamber includes the transfer chamber on top and the discharge chambe of lower part, and the transfer chamber includes that transfer chamber enters The floating on transfer chamber side wall and with the separation chamber Shui Fu is arranged in mouth and floating material conveyer belt, the transmission chamber inlet Object outlet is connected, and the setting of floating material conveyer belt is provided at floating material transmission tape terminal in the transmission chamber inlet lower part The connector of transfer chamber and discharge chambe is provided with compression member in the discharge chambe, for will be from transfer chamber and discharge chambe The material that connector enters in discharge chambe is compressed.
The aperture of upper lower through-hole between the roller bearing of the transmission rack is greater than described turn of the rough and torn conveyer frames The aperture of upper lower through-hole between roller.
Spacing between the thin broken internal tooth and thin broken external tooth is less than the spacing between the rough and torn internal tooth and rough and torn external tooth.
In the separation chamber Shui Fu, described fixed bracket one end connect the other end and the wheel with water floating chamber shell inner roof wall The axis of body is rotatablely connected, and the rotation connection is rotatablely connected specifically by bearing and axis.
It is additionally provided with rotational drive motor on the outside of the axis of the wheel body, for by driving the axis of wheel body to make wheel body It is rotated using itself as axis.
The opening for extracting and being inserted into the separation of solid and liquid baffle from the opening on the side wall of water floating chamber shell is set It is placed on the side wall of first solid-liquid separation plate highest one end.
Building is also equipped on water floating chamber left side wall between first solid-liquid separation plate and the second solid-liquid separation plate Material outlet.
The aperture of the upper lower through-hole of first solid-liquid separation plate is 1.3mm.
The aperture of the upper lower through-hole of second solid-liquid separation plate is 0.35mm.
The floating material conveyer belt is obliquely installed, and inclined mode is left low and right high.
The compression member includes vertical compression plate and is set to the push-pull rod for compressing postlaminar part, passes through pushing away for push-pull rod The movement for realizing compression plate is drawn, to realize the compression to material.
Application method
Decoration building waste entirety is put into from garbage inlet, starting jump bit impacts the material for entering impulse chamber, Simultaneously starting roll roller liquidate the material after hitting further rolled it is broken, then material along impulse chamber bottom wall cunning Move to exit, be transported to transmission rack top, transmit rack on have active transfer roller, the material not being crushed can by transfer roller to Right transmission, these materials not being crushed are usually the higher reinforcing bar of intensity or a small amount of stone (considerably less), are transmitted on rack Two neighboring transfer roller between be provided with wider gap, it is preliminary broken after material fallen by the gap, enter slightly In broken chamber, since gap is larger between crushing teeth in rough and torn chamber, further primary breakup can be carried out to material, from the right side It is fallen on rough and torn conveyer frames after shattering process by discharge port to the left.
Rough and torn conveyer frames are also a kind of separation equipment, it is rough and torn after still relative bulk be still some hard metals (mainly reinforcing bar, there are also the aluminium alloy of part, titanium alloys etc.), and by rough and torn, so that reinforcing bar and concrete therein are shelled From material is dropped into thin broken chamber by rough and torn conveyer frames, enters magnetic after being broken for whole smaller material by crushing teeth It selects in room, magnetic separation is carried out to granular material by magnetic separation component, selecting ferromagnetic metal, (mainly iron, there are also parts Chromium and manganese), non-metallic material enters in water floating chamber, and by the difference with water density, the material of floating is generally wooden It is (including cotton spinning material etc.), plastic, by the rotation of floating material transporting wheel, and floating material is moved right into floating In object collecting chamber, after being transmitted by conveyer belt (dilutional hyponatremia is avoided to flow in floating material collecting chamber) obliquely, pass through pressure Contracting component summarizes recycling after compressing it.
The material of sinking, which is fallen on, to be separated by solid-liquid separation on baffle, after material reaches certain amount, is extracted admittedly after closing entrance Liquid skimming baffle, water and precipitating material arrive separation to obtain the final product, due to the first solid-liquid separation plate be it is inclined, object slides on plate In building material collecting box, water then falls on the second solid-liquid separation plate by the first solid-liquid separation plate, in the second solid-liquid separation plate Through-hole less than the first solid-liquid separation plate, therefore then by water subparticle material and water separate, material equally also enters It is substantially the inorganic non-metallic material based on the building material with crushing, water in building material collecting box, in building material collecting box It continues downwardly in quartz sand filtration plate, is adsorbed by the filtering of quartz sand, by solid-state sundries therein and noxious substance It filters out, then by return pipe, is re-entered into water floating chamber upwards under the action of return water water pump.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of building rubbish treatment device, which is characterized in that including impulse chamber, bulk metal collecting box, rough and torn chamber, fritter gold Belong to collecting box, thin broken chamber, magnetic separation room, iron powder collecting box, the separation chamber Shui Fu, floating material collecting chamber and building material collecting box;
The impulse chamber include impact chamber enclosure, garbage inlet, jump bit, roll roller, impulse chamber discharge port, transmission rack and The small material outlet of impulse chamber;The garbage inlet setting is in impact chamber enclosure one side wall, for building waste to be put into punching It hits in room, the jump bit is vertically arranged on impact chamber enclosure inner roof wall, is realized by impacting downwards to entering impulse chamber In material carry out impact grinding, it is described to roll roller by vertical support arm setting on impact chamber enclosure inner roof wall, pass through The rotation for rolling roller realizes that the material after the hammer impacts that liquidate carries out grinding operation, the bottom wall inclination of the impact chamber enclosure Setting, inclined direction are to tilt down from garbage inlet direction to roller direction is rolled, and the impulse chamber discharge port setting is being rushed The lowermost end for hitting the bottom wall of chamber enclosure, is provided with lateral transmission rack outside impulse chamber discharge port, on the transmission rack Surface is provided with more roller bearings, is provided with upper lower through-hole between more roller bearings, and it is small that transmission rack lower part is provided with impulse chamber Material outlet;
The bulk metal collecting box is provided with opening and is connected to the transmission rack terminal, for that will transmit the bulk on rack Metalliferous material is collected;
The rough and torn chamber includes rough and torn chamber enclosure, rough and torn axis, rough and torn internal tooth, rough and torn external tooth, rough and torn chamber feeding inlet, the discharging of rough and torn chamber Mouth and rough and torn conveyer frames;The rough and torn chamber feeding inlet be arranged at the top of rough and torn chamber enclosure and with the small material outlet phase of the impulse chamber Connection, the rough and torn axis are horizontally placed on inside rough and torn chamber enclosure, multiple rows of rough and torn internal tooth are provided on rough and torn axis, in rough and torn chamber enclosure Inside and the position of rough and torn internal tooth separately is provided with multiple rows of rough and torn external tooth, the rough and torn axis under the drive of the motor use force by band Broken internal tooth is rotated by axis of rough and torn axis itself, and the rough and torn chamber discharge port setting discharges in rough and torn chamber enclosure bottom in rough and torn chamber Mouth lower part is provided with rough and torn conveyer frames, and the rough and torn conveyer frames are obliquely installed, and rough and torn conveyer frames upper surface is provided with multiple turns Roller is provided with upper lower through-hole between transfer roller;
It is provided with opening on the side wall of the biscuit metal collecting box to be connected to the rough and torn conveyer frames terminal, is used for rough and torn biography The biscuit metal material on frame is sent to be collected;
The thin broken chamber includes that thin broken chamber enclosure, thin broken axis, thin broken internal tooth, thin broken external tooth, thin broken chamber feeding inlet and thin broken chamber go out Material mouth;The thin broken chamber feeding inlet is arranged on thin broken chamber enclosure roof and is connected to the rough and torn conveyer frames bottom, described thin Broken axis is horizontally placed on inside thin broken chamber enclosure, and multiple rows of thin broken internal tooth is provided on thin broken axis, on the inside of thin broken chamber enclosure and with it is thin The position of broken internal tooth separately is provided with multiple rows of thin broken external tooth, and the thin broken axis drives thin broken internal tooth under the driving of driving motor It is rotated by axis of thin broken axis itself, the thin broken chamber discharge port is arranged in thin broken chamber enclosure bottom;
The magnetic separation room is used to carry out irony material to broken material by way of magnetic separation and non-ferrous material separates, It is provided with magnetic separation room iron powder on the side wall of magnetic separation room to export and be connected to the iron powder collecting box, for passing through and should go out irony material Mouth is placed in iron powder collecting box, is provided with non-ferric material outlet on the bottom wall of magnetic separation room;
The separation chamber Shui Fu includes water floating chamber shell, floating material transporting wheel, the first solid-liquid separation plate, is separated by solid-liquid separation baffle, the Two solid-liquid separation plates, quartz sand filtration plate, return pipe, return water water pump, water floating chamber feeding inlet, floating material export, building material exports, Water outlet and water return outlet;The floating material transporting wheel includes fixed bracket, wheel body and baffle, and described fixed bracket one end and water are floating Chamber enclosure inner roof wall connects the other end and the axis of the wheel body is rotatablely connected, and the wheel body is horizontal cylindrical body, can be with certainly The axis of body rotates, and multiple baffles are evenly equipped on body surfaces, in water floating chamber interior of shell filled with water, water surface elevation setting At the floating material transporting wheel, the institute on water floating chamber housing top and with the magnetic separation room is arranged in water floating chamber feeding inlet The connection of non-ferric material outlet is stated, floating material outlet is provided at the water surface elevation of water floating chamber side wall of outer shell;First solid-liquid Separating plate, the second solid-liquid separation plate and quartz sand filtration plate are set in turn in water floating chamber interior of shell from top to bottom, and described first Solid-liquid separation plate and the second solid-liquid separation plate are obliquely installed, and the through-hole structure up and down that is disposed as gathering, in the first solid-liquid point From being provided with separation of solid and liquid baffle on plate, the side wall sealed set for being separated by solid-liquid separation baffle side and water floating chamber shell, and It is provided with opening on one of side wall of water floating chamber shell, for extracting and inserting the separation of solid and liquid baffle from the opening Enter;The aperture of upper lower through-hole on second solid-liquid separation plate is less than the hole of the upper lower through-hole of first solid-liquid separation plate Diameter is provided with the outlet of building material, institute on the top that described lower one end of first solid-liquid separation plate is contacted with water floating chamber side wall of outer shell State the structure that quartz sand filtration plate is clamping quartz sand particle among upper and lower porous plate, the water in quartz sand filtration plate lower part It is provided with water outlet on the side wall or bottom wall of floating chamber's shell, the top of side wall of outer shell is provided with water return outlet in water floating chamber, floating in water It is provided with return pipe between the water outlet and the water return outlet outside chamber enclosure, return water water pump is provided on return pipe;
The building material collecting box is used to collect the crushing building material isolated from the separation chamber Shui Fu, and the building expects collecting box It is connected by opening with the outlet of building material;
The floating material collecting chamber includes the transfer chamber on top and the discharge chambe of lower part, the transfer chamber include transmission chamber inlet and Floating material conveyer belt, the transmission chamber inlet are arranged on transfer chamber side wall and go out with the floating material of the separation chamber Shui Fu Mouth is connected, and the setting of floating material conveyer belt is provided with transmission at floating material transmission tape terminal in the transmission chamber inlet lower part The connector of room and discharge chambe is provided with compression member in the discharge chambe, for will be from the connection of transfer chamber and discharge chambe The material that mouth enters in discharge chambe is compressed.
2. building rubbish treatment device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it is described transmission rack the roller bearing it Between upper lower through-hole aperture be greater than the rough and torn conveyer frames the transfer roller between upper lower through-hole aperture.
3. building rubbish treatment device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the thin broken internal tooth and thin broken external tooth it Between spacing be less than spacing between the rough and torn internal tooth and rough and torn external tooth.
4. building rubbish treatment device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described solid in the separation chamber Shui Fu Fixed rack one end connect the other end with water floating chamber shell inner roof wall and the axis of the wheel body is rotatablely connected, and the rotation connection is specific To be rotatablely connected by bearing and axis.
5. building rubbish treatment device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that also set up on the outside of the axis of the wheel body There is rotational drive motor, for by driving the axis of wheel body to rotate wheel body using itself as axis.
6. building rubbish treatment device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be used on the side wall of water floating chamber shell The opening that the separation of solid and liquid baffle is extracted and is inserted into from the opening is set to the side wall of first solid-liquid separation plate highest one end On.
7. building rubbish treatment device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in first solid-liquid separation plate and (the first solid-liquid separation plate and the lower one end of the second solid-liquid separation plate) is also provided on water floating chamber side wall between two solid-liquid separation plates There is the outlet of building material.
8. building rubbish treatment device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that above and below first solid-liquid separation plate The aperture of through-hole is 1 ~ 2mm.
9. building rubbish treatment device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that above and below second solid-liquid separation plate The aperture of through-hole is 0.2 ~ 0.5mm.
10. building rubbish treatment device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the floating material conveyer belt inclination is set It sets, and it is lower one end that inclined mode, which is with transmission chamber inlet joint,.
CN201810900304.1A 2018-08-09 2018-08-09 Construction waste treatment device Active CN109013012B (en)

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Cited By (12)

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CN109647860A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-04-19 陈建祥 House refuse centralized processor
CN109663802A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-04-23 胡妤婕 A kind of domestic garbage comprehensive processing equipment
CN109772857A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-21 永清环保股份有限公司 A kind of decoration garbage resource utilization device and method
CN109794345A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-05-24 聂玲 A kind of accurate crushing device of stone for building
CN111570055A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-08-25 梧州清新建筑废弃物再生技术有限公司 Broken sorter of building rubbish based on light sense control
CN111617860A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-04 钱桂林 Garbage disposal device with compression structure based on construction waste
CN111841700A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-10-30 曲佳龙 Small-size petroleum pipeline crushing apparatus
CN111871522A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-11-03 中鼎国际工程有限责任公司 Environment-friendly exterior wall cladding doped with construction waste and preparation method thereof
CN111921675A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-11-13 王佳佳 Fly ash extraction element
CN112317044A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-02-05 王子腾 Building environmental protection rubbish screening separator
CN112337624A (en) * 2020-10-16 2021-02-09 安康 Fiber separation type autoclaved concrete raw material treatment device
CN109772857B (en) * 2019-01-09 2021-11-05 永清环保股份有限公司 Decoration garbage resource utilization device and method

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CN108311519A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-07-24 上海绿环机械有限公司 A kind of decoration building waste sorting sorting technique and system

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CN106733105A (en) * 2017-02-13 2017-05-31 成都君华睿道科技有限公司 A kind of solid waste treatment facility for being fully ground batch mixing
CN108311519A (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-07-24 上海绿环机械有限公司 A kind of decoration building waste sorting sorting technique and system

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109647860A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-04-19 陈建祥 House refuse centralized processor
CN109772857A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-05-21 永清环保股份有限公司 A kind of decoration garbage resource utilization device and method
CN109772857B (en) * 2019-01-09 2021-11-05 永清环保股份有限公司 Decoration garbage resource utilization device and method
CN109663802B (en) * 2019-02-18 2020-09-01 大唐融合(哈尔滨)生态环境科技有限公司 Domestic waste comprehensive treatment equipment
CN109663802A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-04-23 胡妤婕 A kind of domestic garbage comprehensive processing equipment
CN109794345A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-05-24 聂玲 A kind of accurate crushing device of stone for building
CN109794345B (en) * 2019-03-26 2020-10-30 栾勇 Accurate breaker of stone for building
CN111570055A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-08-25 梧州清新建筑废弃物再生技术有限公司 Broken sorter of building rubbish based on light sense control
CN111617860A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-04 钱桂林 Garbage disposal device with compression structure based on construction waste
CN111871522A (en) * 2020-07-24 2020-11-03 中鼎国际工程有限责任公司 Environment-friendly exterior wall cladding doped with construction waste and preparation method thereof
CN111871522B (en) * 2020-07-24 2021-10-26 中鼎国际工程有限责任公司 Preparation method of environment-friendly exterior wall cladding doped with construction waste
CN111841700A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-10-30 曲佳龙 Small-size petroleum pipeline crushing apparatus
CN111921675A (en) * 2020-08-03 2020-11-13 王佳佳 Fly ash extraction element
CN112337624A (en) * 2020-10-16 2021-02-09 安康 Fiber separation type autoclaved concrete raw material treatment device
CN112317044A (en) * 2020-11-11 2021-02-05 王子腾 Building environmental protection rubbish screening separator

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