CN108993732A - A kind of forage feed grinder - Google Patents

A kind of forage feed grinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108993732A
CN108993732A CN201810726328.XA CN201810726328A CN108993732A CN 108993732 A CN108993732 A CN 108993732A CN 201810726328 A CN201810726328 A CN 201810726328A CN 108993732 A CN108993732 A CN 108993732A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
shaft
gear
roller
mixing roll
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810726328.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘伟
Original Assignee
刘伟
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘伟 filed Critical 刘伟
Priority to CN201810726328.XA priority Critical patent/CN108993732A/en
Publication of CN108993732A publication Critical patent/CN108993732A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of forage feed grinders, including body, the top of the body is equipped with feed inlet, internal body is from top to bottom disposed with first disintegrating mechanism, crushing roller mechanism, grinds roller mechanism and again disintegrating mechanism, first disintegrating mechanism includes crushing shaft at the beginning of one, which is horizontally set in body;Crushing roller mechanism includes two groups of crushing roller groups, and crushing roller group includes symmetrically arranged pulverization roller on two front-rear directions;Grinding roller mechanism includes the first mixing roll and the second mixing roll;Disintegrating mechanism includes again crushing shaft again, and crushing shaft is horizontally set in body again for this;The present invention is crushed by multi-stage mechanism, and it introduces and crushes roller mechanism and grinding roller mechanism, it is different from traditional crushing knife crushing, it is for the broken more thorough of forage fibr tissue, can be avoided it is broken not exclusively cause to discharge it is agglomerating, and possibility there are reamer is avoided, and discharge fineness is high, is worth promoting.

Description

A kind of forage feed grinder
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of animal husbandry process equipment, specifically a kind of forage feed grinder.
Background technique
Captive goat wants reasonably combined daily ration: when Continous grazing, the goat property of can choose eats that it likes or what is needed herds Grass, leaf etc. meet the needs of its own physiology and metabolism.And stable breeding manually feeds feed, what is fed, what is eaten, if raised Expect that type is single, not comprehensive nutrition, necessarily cause the shortage in terms of certain elements, nutrition, leads to thin, the various disease of flock of sheep Occur.Therefore, Captive goat wants reasonably combined daily ration, guarantees forage grass and feed multiplicity, and collocation is reasonable, stable market supply, and nutrition is complete Face.Greenfeed mainly has: sweet potato vine, peanut vine, herbage, weeds, leaf etc..To guarantee the greenfeed of enough 2-3 kinds daily Supply.Roughage mainly has: agricultural crop straw, not plump shell etc..In the cobalt blue pigment busy season, gathered in season with object, green coarse fodder to carry out ensiling, The processing such as ammonification, in case dull season uses.Every 0.5-1 kilograms daily.High-quality hay has: drying peanut vine, soya bean straw, column flower Grass, Alfalfa etc..Every 0.3-0.5 kilograms daily.Fine fodder, Captive goat will supplement fine fodder.The general cereals of Concentrate formula account for 40-60%, protide 10-25%, bran 20-30%, mineral substance 3%, urea 1%.Every 0.1-0.3 kilograms daily.Circle Feeding goat will supplement mineral homeostasis: when Continous grazing, goat can search for food abundant microelement to meet its growth and development Needs, stable breeding be easy to cause microelement insufficient and influences the growth hair development of sheep since forage grass type is limited.
Forage is the main feed in goat raising, and feed grinder in the prior art is mostly simply using on cutter shaft The structure of installation Disintegrating knife is crushed, and herbage etc. is easily crushed for forage can satisfy substantially, but for stalk It can not thoroughly be crushed for forage with difficult crush such as branch, and be easy to cause reamer, damage equipment.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide the forage feed grinders that one kind can be crushed thoroughly, to solve above-mentioned background skill The problem of being proposed in art.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of forage feed grinder, including body, the top of the body are equipped with feed inlet, are fixed at the top of body The outlet at bottom of feed hopper, feed hopper is connected in feed inlet, and internal body is from top to bottom disposed with just disintegrating mechanism, crushing Roller mechanism grinds roller mechanism and again disintegrating mechanism, and first disintegrating mechanism includes crushing shaft at the beginning of one, which is horizontally set at In body, the right end of first crushing shaft stretches out outside body, and is equipped with gear;Crushing roller mechanism includes two groups of crushing roller groups, powder Broken roller group includes symmetrically arranged pulverization roller on two front-rear directions, and the center of pulverization roller, which is equipped with, crushes roll shaft;Grind roller mechanism Including the first mixing roll and the second mixing roll, the first mixing roll and the second mixing roll are that front and back are set up, the first grinding The center of roller and the second mixing roll is equipped with grinding roll shaft;Disintegrating mechanism includes again crushing shaft again, and crushing shaft is horizontally set at again for this In body.
As a further solution of the present invention: described to crush the right end stretching body for being located at the crushing roll shaft of front side in roller group Outside, and it is equipped with gear, the gear of two crushing roller groups is intermeshed, and on the gear of the crushing roller group of top and first crushing shaft Gear engagement, the gear of crushing roller group of lower section engages with the gear on the output shaft of first motor, and first motor passes through electricity Base is fixedly installed in engine body exterior.
As a further solution of the present invention: the rear end of the grinding roll shaft is stretched out outside body, and gear is fixedly mounted, The gears intermeshing of two grinding roll shafts, and be also fixedly connected with belt wheel on one of grinding roll shaft, the belt wheel and the The belt wheel on output shaft on two motors is sequentially connected by belt, and the second motor is fixedly installed in outside body by motor cabinet Portion.
As a further solution of the present invention: the diameter of first mixing roll is 1.3 times of the second mixing roll, and first grinds Several concave-convex cambered surfaces being formed continuously are additionally provided on the excircle of grinding roller and the first mixing roll.
As a further solution of the present invention: the right end of the crushing shaft again stretches out outside body, and is equipped with gear, should Gear is engaged with the gear on the output shaft of third motor, and third motor is fixedly connected with body by motor cabinet.
As a further solution of the present invention: the feed inlet width is the 5/6 of body top width.
As a further solution of the present invention: the crushing shaft, crushing roll shaft and grinding roll shaft are by bearing and machine Body rotation connection.
Compared with prior art, it the beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention is crushed by multi-stage mechanism, and introduces Crushing roller mechanism and grinding roller mechanism, for forage fibr tissue broken, more thoroughly discharge fineness is high, is particularly suitable for The more solid forage such as corn stover.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of forage feed grinder.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram that roller group is crushed in forage feed grinder.
Fig. 3 is the driving structure schematic diagram that roller mechanism is ground in forage feed grinder.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution of the patent is explained in further detail With reference to embodiment.
Fig. 1-3, a kind of forage feed grinder, including body 1 are please referred to, the top of the body 1 is equipped with feed inlet, machine The top of body 1 is fixed with feed hopper 2, and the outlet at bottom of feed hopper 2 is connected in feed inlet, from top to bottom successively sets inside body 1 It is equipped with just disintegrating mechanism, crushing roller mechanism, grinding roller mechanism and disintegrating mechanism, first disintegrating mechanism includes crushing shaft 3 at the beginning of one again, The first crushing shaft 3 is horizontally set in body 1, and the right end of first crushing shaft 3 stretches out outside body 1, and is equipped with gear;Just crush 3 surface of axis should be connected several Disintegrating knifes, can cut off forage when it is turning.
Crushing roller mechanism includes about the two groups crushing roller groups 4 set gradually, and crushing roller group 4 includes on two front-rear directions Symmetrically arranged pulverization roller, the center of pulverization roller, which is equipped with, crushes roll shaft 5, and the right end positioned at the crushing roll shaft 5 of front side stretches out body 1 Outside, and gear, the gear intermeshing of two crushing roller groups 4, and the gear of the crushing roller group 4 of top and first crushing shaft are equipped with Gear engagement on 3, the gear of the crushing roller group 4 of lower section are engaged with the gear on the output shaft of first motor 6, first motor 6 It is fixedly installed in outside body 1 by motor cabinet.Pass through first motor 6 while the driving machine as first crushing shaft 3 and pulverization roller Structure drives the just rotation of crushing shaft 3 by gear drive while driving pulverization roller axis 5 to rotate by gear, crushes in roller group 4 only There is a pulverization roller to be driven by first motor 6, another pulverization roller can be to be driven by the friction between two pulverization rollers, must It wants, the surface of pulverization roller is fixed with several crushing tooths.
Grinding roller mechanism includes the first mixing roll 7 and the second mixing roll 8, before the first mixing roll 7 and the second mixing roll 8 are Rear is set up, and the center of the first mixing roll 7 and the second mixing roll 8 is equipped with grinding roll shaft, and machine is stretched out in the rear end for grinding roll shaft Outside body 1, and gear is fixedly mounted, the gear intermeshing of two grinding roll shafts, and it is also solid on one of grinding roll shaft Surely it is connected with belt wheel, the belt wheel on output shaft on the belt wheel and the second motor 9 is sequentially connected by belt, and the second motor 9 is logical Motor cabinet is crossed to be fixedly installed in outside body 1.Second motor 9 drives first to grind as the driving mechanism of grinding mechanism by belt 7 axis of grinding roller and the rotation of the first mixing roll 7, and then 8 turns of 8 axis of the second mixing roll and the second mixing roll are driven by gear drive It is dynamic, to make two mixing roll opposite direction rotations, the crushing of abrading type is carried out to forage therebetween.
The diameter of first mixing roll 7 is 1.3 times of the second mixing roll 8, the outer circle of the first mixing roll 7 and the first mixing roll 7 Several concave-convex cambered surfaces being formed continuously are additionally provided on week, the drum type brake that concave-convex cambered surfaces are different from the prior art is designed, improved Ip angle between ore particle and roller so that squeeze grind during with splitting crushing effect, increased the reduction ratio of feed, mentioned High working efficiency;
Disintegrating mechanism includes again crushing shaft 10 again, and crushing shaft 10 is horizontally set in body 1 again for this, then the right side of crushing shaft 10 End is stretched out outside body 1, and is equipped with gear, which engages with the gear on the output shaft of third motor 11, third motor 11 are fixedly connected with body 1 by motor cabinet.Crushing shaft 10 again are driven by gear drive as driving mechanism by third motor 11 Final crushing is carried out while rotation to forage, it is necessary, then the periphery of crushing shaft 10 should be connected several Disintegrating knifes.
Further, feed inlet width is the 5/6 of 1 top width of body.
It is necessary, it is above-mentioned be connected be it is existing the attachments such as weld, be bolted, specifically therefore not to repeat here.
It is necessary, above-mentioned crushing shaft, crush roll shaft 5 and grinding roll shaft be by bearing and body 1 rotation connection, and It is supported by body 1.
Necessary, above-mentioned first motor 6, the second motor 9 and third motor 11 are by switch connection power supply, due to using Motor is existing mature equipment, and power supply and control are the prior art, and therefore not to repeat here, and control panel connection power supply can also be used As control mechanism.
The working principle of the invention is: the invention firstly uses forage of the first disintegrating mechanism to entrance to carry out preliminary break It is broken, and its main function is to provide downward power for the forage of entrance, can preferably enter and crush roller mechanism, and lead to It crosses crushing roller mechanism forage is squeezed and is crushed, this makes it possible to which forage can be broken into fritter substantially, then forage Falling into grinding roller mechanism can be ground and be crushed to it by mixing roll, finally entered back into again disintegrating mechanism and completed finally It crushes.
The preferred embodiment of the patent is described in detail above, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party Formula within the knowledge of one of ordinary skill in the art can also be under the premise of not departing from this patent objective Various changes can be made.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of forage feed grinder, which is characterized in that including body, the top of the body is equipped with feed inlet, body Top is fixed with feed hopper, and the outlet at bottom of feed hopper is connected in feed inlet, and internal body is from top to bottom disposed with just powder Broken mechanism, crushing roller mechanism grind roller mechanism and again disintegrating mechanism, and first disintegrating mechanism includes crushing shaft at the beginning of one, the first crushing Axis is horizontally set in body, and the right end of first crushing shaft stretches out outside body, and is equipped with gear;Crushing roller mechanism includes two groups Roller group is crushed, crushing roller group includes symmetrically arranged pulverization roller on two front-rear directions, and the center of pulverization roller, which is equipped with, crushes roll shaft; Grinding roller mechanism includes the first mixing roll and the second mixing roll, and the first mixing roll and the second mixing roll are set on front-rear direction It sets, the center of the first mixing roll and the second mixing roll is equipped with grinding roll shaft;Disintegrating mechanism includes crushing shaft again again, the crushing shaft again It is horizontally set in body.
2. forage feed grinder according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to crush the powder for being located at front side in roller group The right end of broken roll shaft stretches out outside body, and is equipped with gear, the gear intermeshing of two crushing roller groups, and the pulverization roller of top The gear of group is engaged with the gear on first crushing shaft, the gear on the gear of crushing roller group and the output shaft of first motor of lower section Engagement, first motor are fixedly installed in engine body exterior by motor cabinet.
3. forage feed grinder according to claim 1, which is characterized in that body is stretched out in the rear end of the grinding roll shaft Outside, and gear, the gear intermeshing of two grinding roll shafts, and the also company of fixation on one of grinding roll shaft is fixedly mounted It is connected to belt wheel, the belt wheel on output shaft on the belt wheel and the second motor is sequentially connected by belt, and the second motor passes through motor Seat is fixedly installed in engine body exterior.
4. forage feed grinder according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the diameter of first mixing roll is second Several concave-convex arcs being formed continuously are additionally provided on the excircle of 1.3 times of mixing roll, the first mixing roll and the first mixing roll Face.
5. forage feed grinder according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the right end of the crushing shaft again stretches out body Outside, and gear is installed, which engages with the gear on the output shaft of third motor, and third motor is fixed by motor cabinet Connect body.
6. forage feed grinder according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the feed inlet width is wide at the top of body The 5/6 of degree.
7. forage feed grinder according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the crushing shaft crushes roll shaft and grinding Roll shaft is rotatablely connected by bearing and body.
CN201810726328.XA 2018-07-04 2018-07-04 A kind of forage feed grinder Pending CN108993732A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810726328.XA CN108993732A (en) 2018-07-04 2018-07-04 A kind of forage feed grinder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810726328.XA CN108993732A (en) 2018-07-04 2018-07-04 A kind of forage feed grinder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108993732A true CN108993732A (en) 2018-12-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810726328.XA Pending CN108993732A (en) 2018-07-04 2018-07-04 A kind of forage feed grinder

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110896740A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-03-24 柳志强 Weed reducing mechanism for agricultural weeder
CN112772957A (en) * 2021-01-26 2021-05-11 漳州市畜牧技术服务站 Efficient smashing device for feed preparation raw materials for livestock raising

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205008028U (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-02-03 杭州富阳高博信息技术服务有限公司 High -efficient forage rubbing crusher of paper grade (stock)
CN205988809U (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-03-01 高俊英 A kind of efficient ore crusher with pre-sifted separating device
JP2017127819A (en) * 2016-01-21 2017-07-27 宇部興産機械株式会社 Vertical mill
CN107297263A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-27 温州奇思科技有限公司 A kind of efficient mechanical formula breaker
CN107497526A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-12-22 谢添 A kind of crushing grinding device of farming cereal
CN206897524U (en) * 2017-03-24 2018-01-19 东莞市勒驰机械科技有限公司 A kind of improved vertical sand mill
CN207057258U (en) * 2017-06-27 2018-03-02 天津尧智农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of field straw crushes packing apparatus
CN108057503A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-05-22 南通理工学院 A kind of mechanical material crushing device
CN207546627U (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-06-29 江门市丰实饲料有限公司 A kind of efficient livestock feed pulverizer

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205008028U (en) * 2015-10-08 2016-02-03 杭州富阳高博信息技术服务有限公司 High -efficient forage rubbing crusher of paper grade (stock)
JP2017127819A (en) * 2016-01-21 2017-07-27 宇部興産機械株式会社 Vertical mill
CN205988809U (en) * 2016-08-05 2017-03-01 高俊英 A kind of efficient ore crusher with pre-sifted separating device
CN206897524U (en) * 2017-03-24 2018-01-19 东莞市勒驰机械科技有限公司 A kind of improved vertical sand mill
CN207057258U (en) * 2017-06-27 2018-03-02 天津尧智农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of field straw crushes packing apparatus
CN107297263A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-27 温州奇思科技有限公司 A kind of efficient mechanical formula breaker
CN107497526A (en) * 2017-09-07 2017-12-22 谢添 A kind of crushing grinding device of farming cereal
CN207546627U (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-06-29 江门市丰实饲料有限公司 A kind of efficient livestock feed pulverizer
CN108057503A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-05-22 南通理工学院 A kind of mechanical material crushing device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110896740A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-03-24 柳志强 Weed reducing mechanism for agricultural weeder
CN112772957A (en) * 2021-01-26 2021-05-11 漳州市畜牧技术服务站 Efficient smashing device for feed preparation raw materials for livestock raising
CN112772957B (en) * 2021-01-26 2021-12-31 漳州市畜牧技术服务站 Efficient smashing device for feed preparation raw materials for livestock raising

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Application publication date: 20181214

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