CN108978959A - Frame shape glass assembles the wall of casting foamed cement - Google Patents

Frame shape glass assembles the wall of casting foamed cement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108978959A
CN108978959A CN201811134365.8A CN201811134365A CN108978959A CN 108978959 A CN108978959 A CN 108978959A CN 201811134365 A CN201811134365 A CN 201811134365A CN 108978959 A CN108978959 A CN 108978959A
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Prior art keywords
frame shape
wall
frame
shape
assembles
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CN201811134365.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭国洪
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201811134365.8A priority Critical patent/CN108978959A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms

Abstract

The present invention is the wall that frame shape glass assembles casting foamed cement.The technical scheme is that with frame shape glass combination at metope, then the inner cavity casting foamed cement paste between two metopes.The invention has the advantages that the speed of foamed cement cast wall is 50 times of manual speed of building a wall!Labor efficiency is greatly improved, the process for building a wall, smearing cement mortar, pasting glass Mosaic is eliminated.

Description

Frame shape glass assembles the wall of casting foamed cement
Technical field:
The present invention relates to technical field of buildings, in particular to a kind of production method of novel wall.
Background technique:
The shortcomings that prior art building is there are in terms of following 7:
1. traditional building wall production method is from the inside to the outside, first to make wall embryo and for example lay bricks, then in wall embryo outer surface Cement mortar is spread, then in the appearance surface construction ornament materials of cement mortar, manufacturing process process is more, heavy workload is made, And each procedure require material it is flat, just, directly in conjunction with wall, it is therefore desirable to technical professional can just produce qualification Wall;
2. the workload of the wall production method overwhelming majority is completed by worker's handwork, labor workload is huge, Mechanization, automation ratio shared in building production are few, are one of the reasons for causing building long-term existence at high cost;
3. the shortcomings that building constructions material has largely used clay brick, mixed mud, cement mortar, these materials is in summer A large amount of heat is absorbed, its temperature is up to 70~80 DEG C after shining upon flooring, and traditional building can absorb a large amount of heat, be This expends energy and installs air-conditioning, but can further increase outdoor, street temperature, and people is made to live in a rugged environment Among;
4. the shortcomings that building constructions material has largely used clay brick, mixed mud, cement mortar, these materials is in winter Indoor heat transfer to outdoor, it is to make that northern area, which expends energy and installs heating, but can improve the bulk temperature of the earth At global warming, sea level rise, climatic deterioration the reason of one of;
5. modern society's automobile is more and more, 90% or more house is by different degrees of car noise and other noises It influences, traditional building constructions have the drawback that soundproof effect is low, influence the sleep quality and quality of life of people;
6. normal concrete, clay brick, density is big, hardness is big, elasticity is small, therefore causes most sternly in earthquake to the mankind The injury of weight;
7. the inner wall surface majority of building is dry powder, latex, be easy it is dirty, be easy to scratch, be easy that dampness is mouldy to fade, do not allow Easy scrub clean.
Solve the disadvantage that above-mentioned 7 aspects need multiple and different inventions, the present invention is to solve above-mentioned 7 disadvantages One of invention;
Due to the presence of above-mentioned 7 aspects disadvantage, in all household goods of human being's production, house be it is most expensive, Quality is worst;It gives one example, the clothes that a people wears and the house lived all are completed by pure hand-made, artificial The price of cost is almost identical, and clothes high mechanization greatly improves matter while its cost price is greatly reduced Amount;Equally, final purpose of the present invention is the quality for promoting people while building cost of labor is greatly reduced and living, and is thoroughly changed Traditional architecture idea.
Summary of the invention:
In order to solve the disadvantage that 7 above-mentioned aspects, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
Break conventional wall body production method, the inner cavity casting with frame shape glass combination at metope, then between two metopes Foamed cement wall;
Frame shape refer to 4 flat glass composition square, wherein biggish two faces of area be two metopes, area compared with Two small faces have been fixed functions;
Requirement to wall covering: preferred material is unorganic glass, selects the low price glass of not transparency requirement.Glass There is no water suction, the anti-aging service life is a kind of construction material more more superior than ceramic tile, the disadvantage is that surface light at 300 years or more It is sliding, it is not easy to be fixed as one with two metope glass of cement good bond, frame glass, therefore there is no securely viscous Obscission caused by conjunction problem.
Requirement to wall pouring material:
1. slurry casting and constructing is tightly combined with metope, this desired effect is that the inner cavity of glass metope is poured slurry, There is good bonding after the solidification of its slurry with metope, glass metope and casting slurry, which are tightly combined, can be greatly decreased glass brittleness Rupture;
2. dry bulk density is not more than 300~600kg/m3, this desired effect is to mitigate the quality of building, reduces building The quality in room can reduce the seismic energy of absorption, to reduce earthquake to the extent of the destruction of building;
3. resistance to compression is not less than 1~4.5Mpa, lower building wall can be used as carrying wall, be used as in High level Framework building non- Bearing wall;
4. thermal coefficient is of less demanding in 0.1~0.3w/ (mK), in order to reach the insulation requirement of design, temperature 0~30 DEG C regional outer wall body thickness be no less than 20cm, -5~35 DEG C of regional outer wall body thickness is no less than 25cm, -10~35 DEG C Regional outer wall body thickness be no less than 30cm, -20~35 DEG C of regional outer wall body thickness is no less than 40cm;
5. fluidity of slurry is good, do not need to shake in casting process;The pourable height of one-time continuous is no less than 150cm;
6. crack resistance requirement is 6 times of normal concrete or more, this desired effect is the not no item of reinforcing bar in wall Under part, the rupture that wall is generated in earthquake is reduced, so that reducing wall ruptures the injury to fall off to the mankind;
7. shrinking percentage requires to be the 1/6 of normal concrete hereinafter, the low effect of shrinking percentage is substantially to reduce and also retract The gap of rate prevents to fall off caused by shrinking percentage gap;
8. meeting environmental requirement, material requirements is that neutrality avoids environmental pollution and disappear without harmful substances such as benzene, formaldehyde Anti- hidden danger.
Meet the prior art material that above-mentioned 8 aspects of energy require simultaneously to be compared, preferred material is foamed cement.
The shortcomings that can solve 7 above-mentioned aspects as materials for wall using foamed cement, foamed cement can scenes Construction, it is directly cast-in-place at roofing, ground and wall, need to only it use cement foam maker that can realize automated job, pumpable realization The long-distance sand transport that 100 meters of vertical height, the wall production that 3 workers cooperate daily work load to can achieve 150~300 cubic metres Amount.And traditional mode of building a wall, the daily work load of 1 common laborer 2 master worker that build a wall of cooperation are 3~6 cubic metres of wall (packets Include metope and smear cement mortar) production rate;The speed of foamed cement cast wall is 50 times of manual speed of building a wall!It greatly improves Labor efficiency eliminates the process for building a wall, smearing cement mortar, pasting glass Mosaic.
Signified frame shape of the invention is preferably frame shape glass, or frame shape ceramics;Frame shape bonded combination at wall Mould shape, the inherently metope of Wall model, wall mould shape do not have to remove forever, are poured and foam in wall mould shape inner cavity mechanization Cement becomes wall;
The inner wall surface and wall face of frame shape glass have a various patterns, and design has as ceramic mosaic graphic pattern, or design have it is other Pattern;
Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1 is: 4K blocki diagram;
Fig. 2 is: 2K blocki diagram;()
Fig. 3 is;3K blocki diagram;
Fig. 4 is: corner blocki diagram;
Fig. 5 is;T-shaped corner blocki diagram;
Fig. 6 is: cross corner blocki diagram;
Fig. 7 is: frame shape assembles figure;
() inner number or letter represent number or letter in figure, and () inner number or letter represents the title before (). The width (K) of frame shape, length are 2 times (2K) of width, and length is 3 times (3K) of width, and length is 4 times (4K) of width, wall Face (1), 2K frame shape (2), 3K frame shape (3), corner frame shape (3J), T-shaped corner frame shape (3D), cross corner frame shape (3S), 4K frame shape (4), end face (5), intercommunicating pore (6), doorframe (7).
Specific embodiment:
Frame shape refers to by two metopes and fixes the end face that two metopes act on and the frame shape formed, the upper surface of frame shape and bottom Face is empty;The effect of frame shape is to assemble into Wall model, and in Wall model inner cavity, casting slurry becomes wall, below according to attached Figure is illustrated:
As shown in figs. 1 to 6, the width K of frame shape is identical, and the width K of frame shape is the thickness of wall;The length of frame shape Difference is divided into 3 kinds of frame shapes: 1, the length of frame shape is 2 times of 2K of width, and such frame shape is referred to as 2K frame shape, the length of 2. frame shapes It is 3 times of 3K of width, such frame shape is referred to as 3K frame shape;3. the length of frame shape is 4 times of 4K of width, such frame shape is referred to as For 4K frame shape;Each frame shape has an intercommunicating pore 6, after the effect of intercommunicating pore 6 is the combination of frame shape, the inner cavity of a frame shape with it is another The inner cavity of a frame shape communicates;
It is 4K frame shape as shown in Figure 1, is 2K frame shape shown in Fig. 2, is 3K frame shape shown in Fig. 3,4K, 2K, 3K frame shape are to be used for The frame shape in wall middle position;Each frame shape of 4K, 2K, 3K frame shape is made of 4 faces, 2 metope 1 and 2 end faces 5, often There is the intercommunicating pore 6 an of circle (or ellipse) in one end face, and there is an intercommunicating pore in 1 one end of one of metope of 3K frame shape 6, therefore 3K frame shape one shares 3 intercommunicating pores;
It is 3J frame shape as shown in Figure 4,3J frame shape is the frame shape for corner position;3J frame shape is held by 3 metopes 1 and 1 Face 5 and two intercommunicating pores 6 form, and an intercommunicating pore 6 is on end face 5, another intercommunicating pore 6 is on metope 1;
It is 3D frame shape as shown in Figure 5,3D frame shape is L-shaped, and 3D frame shape is the frame shape for T-shaped corner position;3D frame Shape is made of 4 metope 1 and 2 end faces 5 and 3 intercommunicating pores 6, has 2 intercommunicating pores 6 respectively on 2 end faces 5, there is 1 connection On 6 metope 1 of hole;
It is 3S frame shape as shown in Figure 6,3S frame shape is in cross shape, and 3S frame shape is the frame shape for cross corner position; 3S frame shape has 6,4 intercommunicating pores 6 in 8 metope 1 and 4 end faces 5 and 4 intercommunicating pores respectively on 4 end faces 5;
The preferred material for manufacturing frame shape is the unorganic glass of not transparency requirement;The design of metope 1 of frame shape has various figures Case, design have as ceramic mosaic graphic pattern, or design have other patterns;
Wall model is combined into frame shape as shown in Figure 7 to be illustrated:
The level with conditioning box shape is fixed with cement mortar between frame shape and the bottom of foundation;This point and traditional wall building method It is identical;
All with glass glue bond between frame shape and frame shape;Due to the error very little of frame shape size, the dosage of glass cement is few, And the wall assembled is easy straight, and technical difficulty is low;When assembling the position of door and window, doorframe, window frame are first fixed on the position It sets, to seal the frame shape intercommunicating pore 6 contacted with doorframe, window frame;
Glass cement is that have that volume is flexible, if having also required that volume is flexible using other glue;This point is very heavy It wants, because the wall of frame shape inner cavity casting cannot be identical with the shrinking percentage of frame shape, the gap between wall and frame shape exists There is the glue of volume that wall can be made to have at a distance from a very little between frame shape, so that shrinking percentage be overcome identical cannot to generate Destruction;
It is not the frame shape that corner position assembles is 4K frame as shown in fig. 7, the frame shape assembled in corner position is 3J frame shape Shape assembles 2K frame shape in the location interval formula of contact doorframe 5 or window frame;3D frame is assembled in T-shaped corner location interval formula Shape;3S frame shape is assembled in cross wall locations compartment;
Criss-cross corner assembles compared with method builds a wall with the prior art, extremely simple for the master worker that builds a wall, therefore schemes In do not draw;
Frame shape, which assembles after becoming Wall model, waits glass cement solid, from the upper of Wall model after glass cement is solid It holds toward mould impression and is poured foamed cement paste, foamed cement becomes the wall that construction finishes by maintenance after casting after solid Body;
Since the metope mould shape intensity of frame shape combination is lower than traditional architecture mould shape, it can only be poured foamed cement, and every Secondary casting height is no more than 150cm, and last time casting is no less than 1 hour with casting interval time next time, can in casting process To push slurry with rod or tool, but vibration equipment must not be used.
Technical solution of the present invention does not have to cement mortar, does not have to transport sand, rubble, do not have to plank and make wall without laying bricks Body Model does not have to installation model, does not have to remove model, does not have to patch tiling, mosaic (pastes tiling on wall and adjusts ceramic tile Pingdu between levelness, ceramic tile and ceramic tile is difficult, needs the worker of know-how, is time consuming), it builds and is wrapped in without tower Build a building peripheral large-scale scaffold;There is no the high altitude operation of exterior wall surface construction, do not have to carry out wall surfacing;Therefore substantially Reduce the labour cost of wall construction.As child plays building block system (with low content of technology) frame shape bonded combination into wall mould Shape, the inherently metope of Wall model, wall mould shape do not have to remove forever, are poured foaming water in wall mould shape inner cavity mechanization Mud becomes wall, and manufacturing process is simple.

Claims (1)

1. frame shape glass assembles the wall of casting foamed cement, it is characterized in that:
Frame shape refers to by two metopes and fixes the end face of two metopes effect and the frame shape that forms, the upper surface of frame shape and bottom surface are Empty;The effect of frame shape is to assemble into Wall model, and in Wall model inner cavity, casting slurry becomes wall;
The width (K) of frame shape be all it is identical, the width (K) of frame shape is the thickness of wall;The length difference of frame shape is divided into 3 kinds of frames Shape: 1, the length of frame shape is 2 times (2K) of width, and the length of 2. frame shapes is 3 times (3K) of width, and the length of 3. frame shapes is width 4 times (4K),;Each frame shape has intercommunicating pore (6), and the effect of intercommunicating pore (6) is the inner cavity of a frame shape after the combination of frame shape It is communicated with the inner cavity of another frame shape;
4K, 2K, 3K frame shape are the frame shapes for wall middle position;Each frame shape of 4K, 2K, 3K frame shape is made of 4 faces, There are an intercommunicating pore (6) of circle (or ellipse) in 2 metopes (1) and 2 end faces (5), each end face, 3K frame shape its In metope (1) one end have an intercommunicating pore (6), therefore 3K frame shape one shares 3 intercommunicating pores;
3J frame shape is the frame shape for corner position;3J frame shape is by 3 metopes (1) and 1 end face (5) and two intercommunicating pores (6) Composition, an intercommunicating pore (6) is on end face (5), another intercommunicating pore (6) is on metope (1);
3D frame shape is L-shaped, and 3D frame shape is the frame shape for T-shaped corner position;3D frame shape has 4 metopes (1) and 2 ends Face (5) and 3 intercommunicating pore (6) compositions, have 2 intercommunicating pores (6) respectively on 2 end faces (5), there is 1 intercommunicating pore (6) metope (1) on;
3S frame shape is in cross shape, and 3S frame shape is the frame shape for cross corner position;3S frame shape has 8 metopes (1) and 4 End face (5) and 4 intercommunicating pores (6), 4 intercommunicating pores (6) are respectively on 4 end faces (5);
The preferred material for manufacturing frame shape is the unorganic glass of not transparency requirement;Metope (1) design of frame shape has various patterns, Design has as ceramic mosaic graphic pattern, or design have other patterns;
The level with conditioning box shape is fixed with cement mortar between frame shape and the bottom of foundation;
All with glass glue bond between frame shape and frame shape;Due to the error very little of frame shape size, the dosage of glass cement is few, assembles It is first that doorframe, window frame is fixed in the position when having the position of door and window, to seal the frame shape connection contacted with doorframe, window frame Hole (6);
Glass cement is that have that volume is flexible, if having also required that volume is flexible using other glue;
It is 3J frame shape in the frame shape that corner position assembles, be not the frame shape that assembles of corner position is 4K frame shape, in contact doorframe (5) Or the location interval formula of window frame assembles 2K frame shape;3D frame shape is assembled in T-shaped corner location interval formula;In cross metope Location interval formula assembles 3S frame shape;
Frame shape, which assembles after becoming Wall model, waits glass cement solid, past from the upper end of Wall model after glass cement is solid Mould impression is poured foamed cement paste, and foamed cement becomes the wall that construction finishes by maintenance after casting after solid;
Since the metope mould shape intensity of frame shape combination is lower than traditional architecture mould shape, it can only be poured foamed cement, and pour every time Note height is no more than 150cm, and last time casting is no less than 1 hour with casting interval time next time, can use in casting process Rod or tool push slurry, but must not use vibration equipment.
CN201811134365.8A 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 Frame shape glass assembles the wall of casting foamed cement Pending CN108978959A (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4333981C2 (en) * 1993-10-05 1995-11-16 Schlagmann Baustoffwerke Gmbh Soundproofing block bricks
JPH09158393A (en) * 1995-12-06 1997-06-17 Nippon Electric Glass Co Ltd Glass block panel and connected panel thereof
CN1223708A (en) * 1996-06-28 1999-07-21 叶尔米亚胡·内格里 Hollow building block and protective wall construction therewith
CN1298467A (en) * 1998-03-23 2001-06-06 小特德·C·戴尔 Block system
CN201649423U (en) * 2010-04-23 2010-11-24 山东科技大学 Core type embossed building block
CN101942881A (en) * 2009-12-11 2011-01-12 田长生 Air brick of stained glass wall body
CN102691363A (en) * 2011-03-25 2012-09-26 洛阳原生建筑工程技术有限公司 Foam concrete composite heat preservation wall body with concrete blocks and construction method thereof
CN106760045A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 佛山市盛画世纪建材有限公司 A kind of form of construction work for building wall system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4333981C2 (en) * 1993-10-05 1995-11-16 Schlagmann Baustoffwerke Gmbh Soundproofing block bricks
JPH09158393A (en) * 1995-12-06 1997-06-17 Nippon Electric Glass Co Ltd Glass block panel and connected panel thereof
CN1223708A (en) * 1996-06-28 1999-07-21 叶尔米亚胡·内格里 Hollow building block and protective wall construction therewith
CN1298467A (en) * 1998-03-23 2001-06-06 小特德·C·戴尔 Block system
CN101942881A (en) * 2009-12-11 2011-01-12 田长生 Air brick of stained glass wall body
CN201649423U (en) * 2010-04-23 2010-11-24 山东科技大学 Core type embossed building block
CN102691363A (en) * 2011-03-25 2012-09-26 洛阳原生建筑工程技术有限公司 Foam concrete composite heat preservation wall body with concrete blocks and construction method thereof
CN106760045A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-31 佛山市盛画世纪建材有限公司 A kind of form of construction work for building wall system

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Application publication date: 20181211