CN108940503A - Crushing grinding device is used in a kind of processing of Producing medicinal herbs - Google Patents

Crushing grinding device is used in a kind of processing of Producing medicinal herbs Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108940503A
CN108940503A CN201810910418.4A CN201810910418A CN108940503A CN 108940503 A CN108940503 A CN 108940503A CN 201810910418 A CN201810910418 A CN 201810910418A CN 108940503 A CN108940503 A CN 108940503A
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Prior art keywords
grinding
motor
case
fixed
crush box
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CN201810910418.4A
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CN108940503B (en
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章立美
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章立美
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C15/00Disintegrating by milling members in the form of rollers or balls co-operating with rings or discs
    • B02C15/12Mills with at least two discs or rings and interposed balls or rollers mounted like ball or roller bearings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding devices of Chinese medicine processing technique field, including feed hopper, feed pipe, fixed case, sieve case, crush box and grinding case, the present invention enters crush box along feed pipe by the way that Chinese medicine to be put into after feed hopper, Chinese medicine is crushed by disintegrating mechanism, the feed inlet of crush box turns to downward after crushing, Chinese medicine is by screening case screening, then crush box turns to feed inlet and is not returned in crush box by the Chinese medicine of the first sieve by the shovel face at feed inlet upward, separating twice is carried out with the medicinal material that next group crushes, Chinese medicine is ground after entering grinding case by grinding mechanism centering medicinal material, meal outlet is sent by the medicinal powder that roll brush completes grinding simultaneously, the medicinal powder for avoiding grinding from completing, which stays in grind repeatedly in grinding groove, causes powder meticulous, grinding effect Fruit is good.

Description

Crushing grinding device is used in a kind of processing of Producing medicinal herbs
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese medicine processing technique field, crushing grinding device is used in specially a kind of Producing medicinal herbs processing.
Background technique
Soaked drink of Chinese medicine is one of good health-preserving method, can also be used when cooking congee with Baoshang, and Chinese medicine usually have it is whole Body impregnates, is sliced and a variety of processing modes such as impregnates and take after mixing it with water after smashing and grinding.Wherein, it grinds and Part of Chinese Medicinal is come Say, effect is more preferable, and for some drugs, may result in drug effect reduction, and Chinese medicine thinks to spend the drug of class, as honeysuckle, Chrysanthemum etc. and the medicinal materials such as ganoderma lucidum should not beat powder, and ganoderma lucidum breaks into powder can axis class drug as cotton-wool, more than containing cellulose It is also not suitable for beating powder, and the valuable medicinals such as cordyceps sinensis can be lost a part during being made into powder, not only economically cause Loss, also will affect the dosage taken.But, Radix Astragali, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Chinese yam rhizome can break into powder, are made into powder and take.
Chinese medicine crushing is that bulk solid matters are broken into appropriate fineness by mechanical force, can increase drug after crushing Surface area promotes drug dissolution, is conducive to prepare various pharmaceutical dosage forms, accelerates the dissolution of effective component in medicinal material, convenient for deploying, Drug effect is taken and plays, convenient for the drying and storage of fresh medicinal material.
The difficulty or ease that drug crushes, depend primarily on the structure and property of substance, but also closely related with the size of external force.Respectively Kind milling machinery acts on the external force of pulverized substance, has following several types: cutting off, squeezes, grinds, hits, cleaves, tears With filing etc..The milling machinery that different type external force action is selected according to pharmaceutical properties, can just obtain expected crushing effect.
General small processing factory or hospital etc. need to use Miniature Chinese medicine pulverizer, now when processing to Chinese medicine The manual small-sized medicinal herb grinder generallyd use, this Miniature Chinese medicine pulverizer mainly carry out powder to Chinese medicine by manual operation Broken, cumbersome, crush efficiency is lower, time-consuming and laborious, is not well positioned to meet requirement of the user to crushing operation when, powder Broken effect is also not good enough, and structural constituent particle is larger, and absorption of human body is inefficient, and fineness is inadequate, and the effective component of medicinal material cannot It releases well, directly affects the using effect of Chinese medicine.
Application No. is a kind of Chinese medicine automatic crushing device of CN201510185519.6, particular content is structure packet Crushing cylinder, agitating paddle, splicing cylinder, rotating electric machine, right cylinder, driven rollers, right tooth plate, driving pressure roller, driving motor, a left side are included Tooth plate, left cylinder, baffle, control system, although by using three-level grinding mode, crushing more thoroughly, improve Chinese medicine The crushing effect of material, but three-level crushing is intermediate to be not provided with screening recovering mechanism, and medicinal material is caused to be squeezed into next crushing process When, and granular size is uneven, influences crushing effect, reduces crush efficiency.
Based on this, the present invention devises a kind of Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device, to solve the above problems.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding devices, to solve above-mentioned background skill The problem of being proposed in art.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of Producing medicinal herbs processing smashing and grinding dress It sets, including feed hopper, feed pipe, fixed case, screening case, crush box and grinding case, the top of the feed pipe and the charging The bottom end of bucket is connected to, and bottom end passes through fixed case and portion disposed thereon, and the bottom of the fixed case is equipped with discharge port, and passes through discharging Mouth is connected to the top of the grinding case, and grinding mechanism is equipped in the grinding case, and the screening case is located in fixed case, is crushed Case is located in screening case, and the fixed case, screening case and crush box are laterally disposed cylindrical shape, and the axial line weight of three It closes, disintegrating mechanism is equipped in the crush box.
Preferably, the top of the screening case is equipped with opening, and bottom is equipped with the first sieve, and is fixed at the center of right side The right end of fixed cylinder, the fixed cylinder stretches out fixed case, and connection gear is fixedly connected on lateral wall, the connection gear Side is engaged with rack gear, and the top and bottom that rack gear is corresponded on the end face of the fixed case are respectively equipped with cam and guide groove, institute The lower end for stating rack gear is protruded into and is connected with spring in guide groove, and the working face of upper end and cam is correspondingly connected with, the cam and fixation The end face of case is rotatablely connected, and first motor is connected at center of rotation.
Preferably, the top of the crush box is equipped with feed inlet, and the two sides of feed inlet are symmetrically arranged with inclined shovel face, described Rotation axis is fixed at the left end center of crush box, the left end of rotation axis sequentially passes through screening case and fixed case and stretches out, stretches out End is connected with the second motor.
Preferably, the disintegrating mechanism includes crushing shaft, is circumferentially evenly arranged with axial direction on the crushing shaft multiple Crushing knife, one end of crushing shaft sequentially pass through the other end and the stretching of screening case and fixed case, and extension end is connected with third motor.
Preferably, it is connected at the end face center of the grinding case with the discharge port of fixed case, intracavity sidewall is equipped with annular Rotation slot, bottom surface are equipped with the grinding groove of annular, motor slot are equipped at bottom center, is radially equipped on the bottom surface of the rotation slot Second sieve of one arc-shaped, the lower section of the second sieve are equipped with meal outlet, and the 4th motor, the 4th electricity are equipped in the motor slot Drive bevel gear is socketed on the output shaft of machine, and drive bevel gear is fixedly connected with motor slot.
Preferably, the grinding mechanism includes rotation lid, and the outer top surface of the rotation lid is fixed with guide platform, medial roof Face is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the 4th motor, is along the circumferential direction evenly arranged with multiple fixing sleeves on the rotation lid side wall, Bottom end is contacted with the top surface of motor slot, is rotatably connected to multiple grinding shafts in multiple fixing sleeves, one of them described grinding Axis is equipped with roll brush, is equipped with abrasive body on remaining grinding shaft, the inner end of the grinding shaft is fixed with driven wheel of differential, outside Side is fixed with the same swivel becket, and the driven wheel of differential is engaged with drive bevel gear, and the swivel becket is located at grinding case In rotation slot.
Preferably, the abrasive body is revolving body, and axis of rotation is the central axis of grinding shaft, and bus includes intermediate First circular arc, the both ends of the first circular arc are tangent to be connected with the second circular arc, and the center of circle of the second circular arc is located at positioned at the surface of grinding shaft It is overlapped, the lateral profile of the roll brush and the profile of abrasive body are identical.
Preferably, corresponding abrasive body is set as arc-shaped among the bottom surface of the grinding groove, and both ends are tangent to be connected with inclined surface.
It preferably, further include pressing mechanism, the pressing mechanism is located in feed pipe, including two symmetrically arranged extruding Roller, the both ends of the compression roller and feed pipe are rotatablely connected, and one end is equipped with and squeezes gear, and two extruding gears are mutually nibbled It closes, and one of gear that squeezes is connected with the 5th motor.
It preferably, further include precomminution mechanism, the precomminution mechanism is located at the lower section of pressing mechanism in feed pipe, including Symmetrically arranged two pulverization rollers, the both ends of the pulverization roller and the side wall of feed pipe are rotatablely connected, and one end is connected with crushing Belt wheel is connected with extruding belt wheel on two compression rollers, and two crushing belt wheels and two extruding belt wheels pass through biography Dynamic band is correspondingly connected with.
It preferably, further include Deironing mechanism, the Deironing mechanism is located at the lower section of precomminution mechanism in feed pipe, including two A symmetrically arranged except iron plate, the top surface except iron plate are equipped with electromagnet, bottom surface is rotatably connected to torsion shaft, the torsion shaft Both ends and feed pipe side wall be rotatablely connected, one end stretch out feed pipe simultaneously be fixed with turning gear, two turning gears Intermeshing, and one of them is connected with the 6th motor, in the discharge nozzle between precomminution mechanism and Deironing mechanism Position is equipped with stock guide, and the conductive plate of arc, the center of circle of the conductive plate and overturning are symmetrically fixed on the two sidewalls of feed pipe The axial line of axis is overlapped, and is electrically connected with power supply, and the both ends except iron plate are correspondingly provided with conducting block, conducting block and electromagnetism ferroelectricity Connection, is in contact with the electrically conductive plates simultaneously, is correspondingly provided with slag notch and slag-guiding plate on the side wall of the discharge nozzle.
It preferably, further include controller, the first motor, the second motor, third motor, the 4th motor, the 5th motor With the 6th electrical connection of motor.
Preferably, the bottom surface of the grinding case is fixedly connected with pedestal, and meal outlet is corresponded on pedestal and is equipped with collecting box, described The top surface two sides of pedestal are additionally provided with motor rack, are set on the motor rack there are five motor mounting plate, first motor, the second motor, Third motor, the 5th motor and the 6th motor are respectively arranged on corresponding motor mounting plate.
Preferably, the side of the shovel face is overlapped with the outer circle side wall of crush box, and the other side and inner circle side wall are tangent.
Preferably, the bottom end correspondence of the feed pipe is set as arc-shaped, and radius is identical as the exradius of crush box, institute The corresponding central angle of bottom end circular arc for stating feed pipe is less than central angle corresponding to the feed inlet of crush box, the feed inlet of crush box Corresponding central angle is less than the corresponding central angle of opening of screening case.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1. the present invention crushes Chinese medicine by disintegrating mechanism, the feed inlet of crush box is turned to downward after crushing, Chinese medicine is fallen on the first sieve, sieves case reciprocating rotation, is carried out first time screening to the Chinese medicine fallen on the first sieve, is kept away Exempt from the excessive medicinal material of particle and enter grinding case, improves subsequent grinding efficiency;
2. during crush box turns to feed inlet upward, not passed through by the Chinese medicine of the first sieve after screening Shovel face at feed inlet returns in crush box, and recycling is convenient, and the Chinese medicine of recycling carries out two wheat-middlings with the medicinal material that next group crushes It is broken, improve crushing effect;
3. Chinese medicine is ground after entering grinding case by grinding mechanism centering medicinal material, while will be ground by roll brush The medicinal powder of completion is sent into meal outlet, and the medicinal powder for avoiding grinding from completing, which stays in grind repeatedly in grinding groove, causes powder meticulous, grinds Effect is good;
4. the present invention enables Chinese medicine sufficiently to be ground by the shape cooperation of the appearance profile and grinding groove of abrasive body Mill improves grinding effect;
5. the present invention changes Chinese medicine global shape, becomes looser, make by the way that pressing mechanism is arranged in feed pipe Subsequent crush is more convenient;
6. making Chinese medicine carry out pre- powder by precomminution mechanism by the way that precomminution mechanism is arranged in feed pipe clearly It is broken, granular size when Chinese medicine is crushed is reduced, grinding time is shortened, improves crush efficiency;
7. the present invention is provided with Deironing mechanism, Chinese medicine along stock guide fall on two sides except on iron plate, electromagnet can be right Scum, iron powder in kind medicinal material carry out Adsorption, improve the quality of Chinese medicine, are made by the cooperation of conductive plate and conducting block With, electromagnet powers off when making to turn to the other side except iron plate, to make scum etc. with except slag plate is detached from, the removals such as scum are convenient, And collection processing is also more convenient after removing.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, will be described below to embodiment required Attached drawing is briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, for ability For the those of ordinary skill of domain, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other attached Figure.
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is lateral structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the status diagram of crush box of the present invention discharging;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of present invention grinding mechanism;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of abrasive body of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention three;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention four;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of tooth connection wheel and rack of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of Deironing mechanism of the present invention.
In attached drawing, parts list represented by the reference numerals are as follows:
1- feed hopper, 2- feed pipe, 201- stock guide, 202- slag notch, 3- fixed case, 301- discharge port, 4- sieve case, The first sieve of 401-, 402- fixed cylinder, 403- connection gear, 404- rack gear, 405- guide groove, 406- cam, the first electricity of 407- Machine, 5- crush box, 501- feed inlet, 502- shovel face, the second motor of 503-, 6- grinding case, 601- grinding groove, 602- motor slot, The second sieve of 603-, 604- meal outlet, 7- grind mechanism, 701- rotation lid, 702- abrasive body, the first circular arc of 702a-, 702b- Second circular arc, 703- swivel becket, 704- roll brush, 705- guide platform, 8- disintegrating mechanism, 801- crushing shaft, 802- crushing knife, 803- third motor, 9- pressing mechanism, 10- precomminution mechanism, 11- Deironing mechanism, 1101- remove iron plate, 1102- torsion shaft, 1103- turning gear, 1104- conducting block, 1105- conductive plate.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments, is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts all other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment one
Attached drawing is please referred to, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution: a kind of Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device, packet Include feed hopper 1, feed pipe 2, fixed case 3, screening case 4, crush box 5 and grinding case 6, the top of feed pipe 2 and the bottom of feed hopper 1 End connection, bottom end pass through fixed case 3 and portion disposed thereon, and the bottom of fixed case 3 is equipped with discharge port 301, and passes through discharge port 301 It is connected to the top of grinding case 6, grinds and be equipped with grinding mechanism 7 in case 6, screening case 4 is located in fixed case 3, and crush box 5 is located at sieve In branch mailbox 4, fixed case 3, screening case 4 and crush box 5 are laterally disposed cylindrical shape, and the axial line of three is overlapped, and are crushed Disintegrating mechanism 8 is equipped in case 5.
The top for sieving case 4 is equipped with opening, and bottom is equipped with the first sieve 401, and is fixed with fixed cylinder at the center of right side 402, the right end of fixed cylinder 402 stretches out fixed case 3, and connection gear 403 is fixedly connected on lateral wall, connection gear 403 Side is engaged with rack gear 404, and the top and bottom that rack gear 404 is corresponded on the end face of fixed case 3 are respectively equipped with cam 406 and guiding Slot 405, the lower end of rack gear 404, which is protruded into guide groove 405, is connected with spring, and upper end and the working face of cam 406 are correspondingly connected with, convex Wheel 406 and the end face of fixed case 3 are rotatablely connected, and first motor 407 is connected at center of rotation.
The top of crush box 5 is equipped with feed inlet 501, and the two sides of feed inlet 501 are symmetrically arranged with inclined shovel face 502, crushes Rotation axis is fixed at the left end center of case 5, the left end of rotation axis sequentially passes through screening case 4 and fixed case 3 and stretches out, extension end It is connected with the second motor 503.
Disintegrating mechanism 8 includes crushing shaft 801, is circumferentially evenly arranged with multiple crushing knifes with axial on crushing shaft 801 802, one end of crushing shaft 801 sequentially passes through the other end and the stretching of screening case 4 and fixed case 3, and extension end is connected with third electricity Machine 803.
It grinding and is connected at the end face center of case 6 with the discharge port 301 of fixed case 3, intracavity sidewall is equipped with the rotation slot of annular, Bottom surface is equipped with the grinding groove 601 of annular, and motor slot 602 is equipped at bottom center, is radially equipped with one on the bottom surface of rotation slot Second sieve 603 of arc-shaped, the lower section of the second sieve 603 are equipped with meal outlet 604, and the 4th motor is equipped in motor slot 602, the Drive bevel gear is socketed on the output shaft of four motors, and drive bevel gear is fixedly connected with motor slot 602.
Grinding mechanism 7 includes rotation lid 701, and the outer top surface of rotation lid 701 is fixed with guide platform 705, inside top surface with The output shaft of 4th motor is fixedly connected, and is rotated and is along the circumferential direction evenly arranged with multiple fixing sleeves on 701 side wall of lid, bottom end with The top surface of motor slot 602 contacts, and multiple grinding shafts are rotatably connected in multiple fixing sleeves, and one of grinding shaft is equipped with rotation 704 are brushed, is equipped with abrasive body 702 on remaining grinding shaft, the inner end of grinding shaft is fixed with driven wheel of differential, and outboard end is fixed with The same swivel becket 703, driven wheel of differential is engaged with drive bevel gear, and swivel becket 703 is located in the rotation slot of grinding case 6.
In use, Chinese medicine is put into feed hopper 1, Chinese medicine is entered in crush box 5 by feed pipe 2, opens third Motor 803 makes crushing shaft 801 that crushing knife 802 be driven to rotate, crushes to Chinese medicine, and third motor is closed after crushing 803, the second motor 503 is opened, so that the feed inlet 501 of crush box 5 is closed the 4th motor afterwards downward, smashed Chinese medicine is fallen on On first sieve 401, opening first motor 407 rotates cam 406, moves rack gear 404 up and down reciprocatingly by the effect of spring It is dynamic, make to sieve 4 reciprocating rotation of case by the engagement of rack gear 404 and connection gear 403, to the Chinese medicine fallen on the first sieve 401 Material carries out first time screening, and being then again turned on the second motor 503 makes crush box 5 turn to feed inlet 501 upward, in crush box During 5 rotations, the inner wall of screening case 4 is contacted with the outer wall of crush box 5, and the inner wall for sieving the outer wall and fixed case 3 of case 4 connects Touching is not returned in crush box 5 by the Chinese medicine powder of the first sieve 401 by the shovel face 502 at feed inlet 501, recycling side Just, the Chinese medicine of recycling carries out separating twice with the medicinal material that next group crushes, until by the first sieve 401, and pass through first The Chinese medicine of sieve 401 falls along discharge nozzle enters grinding case 6, into grinding case 6 after along guide platform 705 fall on grinding groove 601, the 4th motor is opened, makes to rotate lid 701 grinding shaft and abrasive body 702 is driven circumferentially to move, while by from mantle tooth It takes turns and is engaged with fixed drive bevel gear, rotation when rotating grinding shaft and abrasive body 702 circumferentially, in grinding groove 601 Chinese medicine carries out attrition process, and the bottom surface of grinding groove 601 is equipped with the second sieve 603 of an arc-shaped, at 702 turns of abrasive body When dynamic grinding, roll brush 704 is also rotated synchronously, and the medicinal powder after grinding is brushed from the bottom surface of grinding groove 601 to the second sieve 603 Place, so that the medicinal powder for completing grinding constantly enters meal outlet 604, the medicinal powder for avoiding grinding from completing is stayed in grinding groove 601 Grinding causes powder meticulous repeatedly.
Embodiment two
On the basis of example 1, abrasive body 702 is revolving body, and axis of rotation is the central axis of grinding shaft, female Line includes the first intermediate circular arc, and the both ends of the first circular arc are tangent to be connected with the second circular arc, and the center of circle of the second circular arc is located at The surface of grinding shaft is overlapped, and the lateral profile of roll brush 704 is identical as the profile of abrasive body 702, among the bottom surface of grinding groove 601 Corresponding abrasive body 702 is set as arc-shaped, and both ends are tangent to be connected with inclined surface.
The working principle of the present embodiment is basically the same as the first embodiment, and when Chinese medicine after being pulverized enters grinding case 6, is ground It is larger that second circular arc of mill body 702 is in gap between the inclined-plane of grinding groove 601, and is gradually reduced to centre, Chinese medicine it is broken End is constantly moved to intermediate circular arc along the inclined-plane of grinding groove 601, and Chinese medicine is enable to be fully ground, and improves grinding effect.
Embodiment three
It on the basis of example 2, further include pressing mechanism 9, pressing mechanism 9 is located in feed pipe 2, including two right Claim the compression roller of setting, the both ends of compression roller and feed pipe 2 are rotatablely connected, and one end is equipped with and squeezes gear, two extruding gears Intermeshing, and one of gear that squeezes is connected with the 5th motor.
The working principle of the present embodiment and embodiment two are essentially identical, and Chinese medicine is in charging, the 5th motor of opening, and the 5th Motor by two engage extruding gear make two compression rollers simultaneously and rotate backward, make Chinese medicine enter crush box 5 it It is preceding to be squeezed in advance, change Chinese medicine global shape, becomes looser, be more convenient subsequent crush, at extruding The Chinese medicine of reason is successively into after crossing the screening of the crushing of disintegrating mechanism 8, the first sieve 401, grind the grinding of mechanism 7, by turning The sieve that acts through of dynamic brush 704 enters meal outlet 604.
Example IV
It further include precomminution mechanism 10 on the basis of embodiment three, precomminution mechanism 10 is located at extruder in feed pipe 2 The lower section of structure 9, including symmetrically arranged two pulverization rollers, the both ends of pulverization roller and the side wall of feed pipe 2 are rotatablely connected, and one end It is connected with crushing belt wheel, extruding belt wheel is connected on two compression rollers, two crushing belt wheels and two extruding belt wheels pass through transmission Band is correspondingly connected with.
The working principle of the present embodiment and embodiment three are essentially identical, and Chinese medicine opens the 5th motor, make two in charging A compression roller, extruding gear rotate backward, while making pulverized zone wheel drive two pulverization rollers anti-by squeezing belt wheel and transmission belt To rotation, Chinese medicine carries out precomminution by precomminution mechanism 10 again after first passing through the extruding of pressing mechanism 9, reduce Chinese medicine into Granular size when row crushes shortens grinding time, improves crush efficiency, the Chinese medicine handled by extrusion process and precomminution Successively into after crossing the crushing of disintegrating mechanism 8, the screening of the first sieve 401, the grinding of grinding mechanism 7, pass through the work of roll brush 704 Enter meal outlet 604 with by sieve.
Embodiment five
It further include Deironing mechanism 11 on the basis of example IV, Deironing mechanism 11 is located at precomminution mechanism in feed pipe 2 10 lower section, including two it is symmetrically arranged remove iron plate 1101, except iron plate 1101 top surface be equipped with electromagnet, bottom surface rotation connection There is torsion shaft 1102, the both ends of torsion shaft 1102 and the side wall of feed pipe 2 are rotatablely connected, and one end is stretched out feed pipe 2 and is fixed with Turning gear 1103, two turning gears 1103 are intermeshed, and one of them is connected with the 6th motor, the two sides of feed pipe 2 The conductive plate 1105 of arc is symmetrically fixed on wall, the center of circle of conductive plate 1105 is overlapped with the axial line of torsion shaft 1102, and electricity It is connected with power supply, except the both ends of iron plate 1101 are correspondingly provided with conducting block 1104, conducting block 1104 is electrically connected with electromagnet, while with Conductive plate 1105 contacts, and the position in discharge nozzle between precomminution mechanism and Deironing mechanism 11 is equipped with stock guide, discharge nozzle Side wall on be correspondingly provided with slag notch 202 and slag-guiding plate.
The working principle of the present embodiment and example IV are essentially identical, Chinese medicine after a series of pre-processing, It may be accompanied with the substance of scum, iron powder class, the operations such as subsequent grinding may be impacted, thus to quality of finished etc. It has an impact, therefore, Chinese medicine is after extrusion process and precomminution processing, and along two sides, symmetrically inclined stock guide 201 is fallen Inclined except continuing to fall after on iron plate 1101 to two sides, when falling on except on iron plate 1101, electromagnet is in energized state, can Adsorption is carried out to scum, the iron powder in kind of medicinal material, the quality of Chinese medicine is improved, then by extrusion process, at precomminution It manages and except the Chinese medicine of iron processing is successively into the crushing of disintegrating mechanism 8 excessively, the screening of the first sieve 401, the grinding for grinding mechanism 7 Afterwards, meal outlet 604 is entered by the sieve that acts through of roll brush 704, made or Chinese medicine when Chinese medicine enters the crushing of crush box 5 After material smashing and grinding is fully completed, the 6th motor is opened, two turning gears 1103 is rotated backward, passes through 1102 band of torsion shaft It is dynamic to remove the steering of iron plate 1,101 202 side of slag notch, since conductive plate 1105 is arc-shaped, slag tap when except the rotation direction of iron plate 1101 During 202 sides of mouth, the conducting block 1104 connecting with electromagnet is moved to along the conductive plate 1105 of arc-shaped to be detached from it, Electromagnet powers off after disengaging, so that scum etc. be made to be detached from slag plate is removed, and slag notch 202 is discharged along slag-guiding plate and collects processing, The removals such as scum are convenient, and collection processing is also more convenient after removal.
Embodiment six
Further include controller on the basis of embodiment five, first motor 407, the second motor 503, third motor 803, 4th motor, the 5th motor and the 6th electrical connection of motor.
The working principle of the present embodiment and embodiment five are essentially identical, when Chinese medicine charging, the 5th electricity of controller control Machine is opened, and is closed after extrusion process and precomminution processing are successively carried out to Chinese medicine, after except Slag treatment, makes to open the 6th electricity Machine controls rotational angle, makes after turning to electromagnet power-off except slag plate, the 6th motor is closed, when Chinese medicine enters 5 powder of crush box Controller, which opens third motor 803, when broken rotates crushing shaft 801, and then controlling the second motor 503 makes crush box 5 rotate 180 ° Motor stalls afterwards, opens simultaneously first motor 407, makes to sieve case by mechanisms such as cam 406, rack gear 404 and connection gears 403 4 reciprocating rotations, are screened, and then first motor 407 is closed, while the second motor 503 is opened, and crush box 5 turns over 180 °, weight The multiple above process, crushes next group medicinal material, and grinds in case 6, and the 4th motor drives 7 pairs of grinding mechanism to enter grinding case 6 medicinal material is ground, and grinding is mutually independent of each other with crushing process, and the working time of each motor is rationally controlled by controller And rotational angle, keep entire process of manufacture efficiency more preferable, effect is more preferable, while saving electric energy.
Embodiment seven
On the basis of embodiment six, the bottom surface of grinding case 6 is fixedly connected with pedestal, and meal outlet 604 is corresponded on pedestal and is set There is collecting box, the top surface two sides of pedestal are additionally provided with motor rack, are set on motor rack there are five motor mounting plate, first motor 407, the Two motors 503, third motor 803, the 5th motor and the 6th motor are respectively arranged on corresponding motor mounting plate, pacify each motor Dress facilitates stabilization.
Wherein, the side of shovel face 502 is overlapped with the outer circle side wall of crush box 5, and the other side and inner circle side wall are tangent, Chinese medicine After carrying out first time screening, during crush box 5 turns to feed inlet 501 upward, the inner wall and crush box 5 of case 4 are sieved Outer wall contact, screening case 4 outer wall contacted with the inner wall of fixed case 3, a side of shovel face 502 be tightly attached to sieve case 4 side On wall, so that do not returned in crush box 5 by the Chinese medicine powder of the first sieve 401 by the shovel face 502 at feed inlet 501, Recycling is more convenient more thoroughly.
Wherein, the bottom end correspondence of feed pipe 2 is set as arc-shaped, and radius is identical as the exradius of crush box 5, feed pipe The 2 corresponding central angle of bottom end circular arc is less than central angle corresponding to the feed inlet 501 of crush box 5, the feed inlet of crush box 5 Central angle corresponding to 501 is less than the corresponding central angle of opening of screening case 4, keeps Chinese medicine complete when falling along feed pipe 2 Enter in crush box 5 entirely, avoids falling on medicinal material outside crush box 5 and cause to waste.
In the description of this specification, the description of reference term " one embodiment ", " example ", " specific example " etc. means Particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained at least one implementation of the invention In example or example.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms may not refer to the same embodiment or example. Moreover, particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described can be in any one or more of the embodiments or examples to close Suitable mode combines.
Present invention disclosed above preferred embodiment only illustrates the present invention with help.Preferred embodiment is chatted there is no detailed All details are stated, are not limited the invention to the specific embodiments described.It obviously, can according to the content of this specification It makes many modifications and variations.These embodiments are chosen and specifically described to this specification, is in order to better explain the present invention Principle and practical application, so that skilled artisan be enable to better understand and utilize the present invention.The present invention only by The limitation of claims and its full scope and equivalent.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device, which is characterized in that including feed hopper (1), feed pipe (2), consolidate Determine case (3), screening case (4), crush box (5) and grinding case (6), the top of the feed pipe (2) and the bottom of the feed hopper (1) End connection, bottom end pass through fixed case (3) and portion disposed thereon, and the bottom of the fixed case (3) is equipped with discharge port (301), and leads to It crosses discharge port (301) to be connected to the top of grinding case (6), grinding mechanism (7), the sieve is equipped in the grinding case (6) Branch mailbox (4) is located in fixed case (3), and crush box (5) is located in screening case (4), the fixed case (3), screening case (4) and crushing Case (5) is laterally disposed cylindrical shape, and the axial line of three is overlapped, and is equipped with disintegrating mechanism (8) in the crush box (5).
2. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the screening case (4) top is equipped with opening, and bottom is equipped with the first sieve (401), and fixed cylinder (402) are fixed at the center of right side, described The right end of fixed cylinder (402) stretches out fixed case (3), and connection gear (403), the connection gear are fixedly connected on lateral wall (403) side is engaged with rack gear (404), and the top and bottom difference of rack gear (404) is corresponded on the end face of the fixed case (3) Equipped with cam (406) and guide groove (405), the lower end of the rack gear (404), which is protruded into guide groove (405), is connected with spring, on It holds and is correspondingly connected with the working face of cam (406), the end face of the cam (406) and fixed case (3) is rotatablely connected, and in rotation First motor (407) are connected at the heart.
3. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the crush box (5) top is equipped with feed inlet (501), and the two sides of feed inlet (501) are symmetrically arranged with inclined shovel face (502), the crush box (5) rotation axis is fixed at left end center, the left end of rotation axis sequentially passes through screening case (4) and fixed case (3) and stretches out, stretches Outlet is connected with the second motor (503).
4. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the disintegrating mechanism (8) include crushing shaft (801), be circumferentially evenly arranged with multiple crushing knifes (802), powder with axial on the crushing shaft (801) One end of broken axis (801) sequentially passes through the other end and the stretching of screening case (4) and fixed case (3), and extension end is connected with third electricity Machine (803).
5. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the grinding case (6) it is connected at end face center with the discharge port (301) of fixed case (3), intracavity sidewall is equipped with the rotation slot of annular, and bottom surface is equipped with The grinding groove (601) of annular, place of bottom center is equipped with motor slot (602), radially equipped with one on the bottom surface of the rotation slot The lower section of the second sieve (603) of arc-shaped, the second sieve (603) is equipped with meal outlet (604), sets in the motor slot (602) There is the 4th motor, drive bevel gear, and drive bevel gear and motor slot (602) fixed company are socketed on the output shaft of the 4th motor It connects.
6. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the grinding mechanism It (7) include rotation lid (701), the outer top surface of the rotation lid (701) is fixed with guide platform (705), inside top surface and the 4th The output shaft of motor is fixedly connected, and is along the circumferential direction evenly arranged with multiple fixing sleeves, bottom end on described rotation lid (701) side wall It is contacted with the top surface of motor slot (602), is rotatably connected to multiple grinding shafts in multiple fixing sleeves, one of them described grinding Axis is equipped with roll brush (704), is equipped with abrasive body (702) on remaining grinding shaft, the inner end of the grinding shaft be fixed with from Dynamic bevel gear, outboard end are fixed with the same swivel becket (703), and the driven wheel of differential is engaged with drive bevel gear, and described turn Rotating ring (703) is located in the rotation slot of grinding case (6).
7. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the abrasive body It (702) is revolving body, axis of rotation is the central axis of grinding shaft, and bus includes intermediate the first circular arc (702a), first The both ends of circular arc (702a) are tangent to be connected with the second circular arc (702b), and the center of circle of the second circular arc (702b) is located at positioned at grinding shaft Surface is overlapped, and the lateral profile of the roll brush (704) is identical as the profile of abrasive body (702).
8. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: the grinding groove (601) corresponding abrasive body (702) are set as arc-shaped among bottom surface, and both ends are tangent to be connected with inclined surface.
9. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: further include extruder Structure (9), the pressing mechanism (9) is located in feed pipe (2), including two symmetrically arranged compression rollers, and the two of the compression roller End is rotatablely connected with feed pipe (2), and one end is equipped with and squeezes gear, two extruding gear intermeshings, and one of them It squeezes gear and is connected with the 5th motor.
10. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: further include pre- powder Broken mechanism (10), the precomminution mechanism (10) are located at the lower section of pressing mechanism (9) in feed pipe (2), including symmetrically arranged The side wall of two pulverization rollers, the both ends of the pulverization roller and feed pipe (2) is rotatablely connected, and one end is connected with crushing belt wheel, and two Extruding belt wheel is connected on a compression roller, two crushing belt wheels are corresponding by transmission belt with two extruding belt wheels Connection.
11. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 10, it is characterised in that: further include except iron Mechanism (11), the Deironing mechanism (11) are located at the lower section of precomminution mechanism (10) in feed pipe (2), including two are symmetrical arranged Remove iron plate (1101), equipped with electromagnet, bottom surface is rotatably connected to torsion shaft (1102), institute for the top surface except iron plate (1101) The side wall at the both ends and feed pipe (2) of stating torsion shaft (1102) is rotatablely connected, and one end stretches out feed pipe (2) and is fixed with overturning tooth It takes turns (1103), two turning gear (1103) intermeshings, and one of them is connected with the 6th motor, the feed pipe (2) conductive plate (1105) of arc, the center of circle of the conductive plate (1105) and torsion shaft are symmetrically fixed on two sidewalls (1102) axial line is overlapped, and is electrically connected with power supply, and the both ends except iron plate (1101) are correspondingly provided with conducting block (1104), Conducting block (1104) is electrically connected with electromagnet, while being contacted with conductive plate (1105), and precomminution mechanism is located in the discharge nozzle (10) position between Deironing mechanism (11) is equipped with stock guide (201), is correspondingly provided with slag notch (202) on the side wall of feed pipe And slag-guiding plate.
12. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 11, it is characterised in that: further include control Device, the first motor (407), the second motor (503), third motor (803), the 4th motor, the 5th motor and the 6th motor It is electrically connected.
13. Producing medicinal herbs processing crushing grinding device according to claim 12, it is characterised in that: the grinding case (6) bottom surface is fixedly connected with pedestal, meal outlet (604) is corresponded on pedestal equipped with collecting box, the top surface two sides of the pedestal are also Equipped with motor rack, set on the motor rack there are five motor mounting plate, first motor (407), the second motor (503), third are electric Machine (803), the 5th motor and the 6th motor are respectively arranged on corresponding motor mounting plate.
14. the processing crushing grinding device of Producing medicinal herbs described according to claim 1~13, it is characterised in that: the shovel The side in face (502) is overlapped with the outer circle side wall of crush box (5), and the other side and inner circle side wall are tangent.
15. Producing medicinal herbs described according to claim 1~13 processing use crushing grinding device, it is characterised in that: it is described into The bottom end correspondence of expects pipe (2) is set as arc-shaped, and radius is identical as the exradius of crush box (5), the bottom of the feed pipe (2) The corresponding central angle of circular arc is held to be less than central angle corresponding to the feed inlet (501) of crush box (5), the feed inlet of crush box (5) (501) central angle corresponding to is less than the corresponding central angle of opening of screening case (4).
CN201810910418.4A 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 Crushing and grinding device for production and processing of traditional Chinese medicinal materials Active CN108940503B (en)

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CN109701721A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-05-03 岭南师范学院 A kind of Chinese medicine crushing grinding device of easily and thoroughly blanking
CN109701709A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-05-03 象山锦绣升平食品有限公司 A kind of grinder
CN110420736A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-08 李云 A kind of industrial chemicals grinding device
CN110841777A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-02-28 安徽顺科生产力促进中心有限公司 A maize rubbing crusher for agricultural machine processing
CN110882800A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-03-17 井冈山大学 Traditional chinese medicine extract preparation facilities with anti-inflammatory function
CN110935540A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-03-31 湖南慕她生物科技发展有限公司 Lily grinder is used in spices processing
CN111701648A (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-09-25 荆门零陵耐火科技有限公司 Grinding device for refractory material
CN111744629A (en) * 2020-02-06 2020-10-09 顾艳霞 Chinese-medicinal material multi-stage treatment equipment

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CN109701721B (en) * 2018-12-27 2020-11-03 岭南师范学院 Grinder is smashed to chinese-medicinal material of convenient thorough unloading
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CN110935540A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-03-31 湖南慕她生物科技发展有限公司 Lily grinder is used in spices processing
CN110841777A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-02-28 安徽顺科生产力促进中心有限公司 A maize rubbing crusher for agricultural machine processing
CN110882800A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-03-17 井冈山大学 Traditional chinese medicine extract preparation facilities with anti-inflammatory function
CN111744629A (en) * 2020-02-06 2020-10-09 顾艳霞 Chinese-medicinal material multi-stage treatment equipment
CN111701648A (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-09-25 荆门零陵耐火科技有限公司 Grinding device for refractory material

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