A kind of preceding pretreatment unit of solid refuse transport
The present invention relates to solid refuse process field, pretreatment unit before specifically a kind of solid refuse transports.
Solid waste, which refers to, to be produced, though in life and other active procedures the original utility value of forfeiture that generates or
The solid for not losing utility value but being abandoned or abandoning, semisolid, and the gaseous state article being placed in container, substance and method
Rule, administrative regulation provide the article for being included in waste management, substance.Since the harmless treatment of rubbish is needed rubbish consolidated delivery
It to waste incineration factory, needs to handle rubbish before solid refuse transport, since solid refuse is different, occupy
Space is larger, is directly transported, and single freight volume is smaller, while being divided in solid refuse there are a large amount of waste liquid
From avoiding waste liquid in transportational process excessive, cause newly to pollute.
Traditional solid refuse pretreatment unit only rubbish is compressed, waste liquid is not separated, do not flow in into
The processing of one step, is also handled, complex procedures after transporting processing plant.
Summary of the invention
Pretreatment unit before being transported the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of solid refuse, to solve in above-mentioned background technique
The problem of proposition.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions：
A kind of preceding pretreatment unit of solid refuse transport, including pulverization cylinder, broken bucket and dehydration tube；Upper end on the right side of the pulverization cylinder
It is communicated with broken bucket, broken bucket top is communicated with cast hopper；The symmetrical compression roller in front and back is equipped in the broken bucket, compression roller is logical
It crosses driving belt and is connected with vertical shaft, vertical shaft upper end is connected with the output shaft of the first driving motor by shaft coupling；Institute
The lower end for stating vertical shaft is rotatably connected to sieve plate by bearing block, is fixedly connected with from top to bottom that spacing is gradually in vertical shaft
Reduced crushing knife；The pulverization cylinder lower end is communicated with dehydration tube by material blanking roller, is equipped with trunnion axis in dehydration tube, trunnion axis is solid
Surely it is connected with extrusion spiral blade, trunnion axis extends on the left of dehydration tube and is connected with the second driving motor；The dehydration tube is left
End is communicated with drain pipe, and drain pipe and dehydration tube connectivity part are equipped with filter screen；It is communicated with horizontal tube on the right side of the dehydration tube, it is horizontal
Pipe is communicated with discharge nozzle.
As a further solution of the present invention：Abutting above the sieve plate has the scraper plate being circumferentially distributed, scraper plate and vertical
Shaft is fixedly connected, inclination setting.
As a further solution of the present invention：The horizontal tube is embedded to be cased with movable block, and movable block is arranged on the horizontal axis
And be slidably connected with trunnion axis, movable block is connect by telescopic spring bar with horizontal inside pipe wall.
As a further solution of the present invention：The tubular structure that the pulverization cylinder is vertically arranged.
As a further solution of the present invention：The compression roller and broken bucket inner wall are rotatablely connected, and are passed through between compression roller
Driving gear set connection.
As a further solution of the present invention：The vertical shaft is through pulverization cylinder and passes through bearing holder (housing, cover) and pulverization cylinder top plate
As a further solution of the present invention：The dehydration tube is horizontally disposed conically shaped.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows：The present invention is by compression roller and crushing knife, to solid refuse
It is crushed after carrying out first attrition crushing, improves crushing effect and efficiency；This is practical by gradually subtracting equipped with blade spacing from top to bottom
Small crushing knife crushes rubbish step by step, improves crushing effect；The present invention by be equipped with extrusion spiral blade and with bullet
The movable block of spring telescopic rod connection, improves the squeezing effect to granulated garbage, improves dehydrating effect, facilitates subsequent transportation.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of pretreatment unit before solid refuse transports；
Fig. 2 is that solid refuse transports compression roller attachment structure schematic diagram in preceding pretreatment unit；
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of scraper plate in pretreatment unit before solid refuse transports；
Fig. 4 is the perspective view of movable block in pretreatment unit before solid refuse transports.
In figure：1- pulverization cylinder；The broken bucket of 2-；3- cast hopper；4- compression roller；5- driving gear set；6- driving belt；7- is perpendicular
D-axis；8- shaft coupling；The first driving motor of 9-；10- mounting base；11- crushing knife；12- sieve plate；13- feeder pipe；14- dehydration tube
；15- trunnion axis；16- screw extrusion blade；The second driving motor of 17-；18- horizontal tube；19- discharge nozzle；20- drain pipe；21-
Filter screen；22- pedestal；23- scraper plate；24- movable block；25- telescopic spring bar.
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete
Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other
Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to Fig. 1~2, in the embodiment of the present invention, pretreatment unit before a kind of solid refuse transports, including it is pulverization cylinder 1, broken
Bucket 2 and dehydration tube 14；The tubular structure that the pulverization cylinder 1 is vertically arranged, 1 right side upper end of pulverization cylinder are communicated with broken bucket 2, break
Broken 2 top of bucket is communicated with cast hopper 3, and rubbish is put into broken bucket 2 from cast hopper 3；It is symmetrical that front and back is equipped in the broken bucket 2
Compression roller 4, compression roller 4 and 2 inner walls of broken bucket are rotatablely connected, and are connected between compression roller 4 by driving gear set 5, so that squeezing
Roller 4 rotates towards each other, and carries out preliminary attrition crushing to rubbish；The compression roller 4 is connected with vertical shaft 7 by driving belt 6,
Vertical shaft 7 is connect through pulverization cylinder 1 and by bearing holder (housing, cover) with 1 top panel turns of pulverization cylinder, and vertical 7 upper end of shaft passes through shaft coupling
8 are connected with the output shaft of the first driving motor 9, and the first driving motor 9 connects by the way that mounting base 10 and 1 upper surface of pulverization cylinder are fixed
It connects, the first driving motor 9 drives compression roller 4 to rotate, and carries out attrition crushing to rubbish；The lower end of the vertical shaft 7 passes through axis
Hold seat and be rotatably connected to sieve plate 12, sieve plate 12 is fixedly connected with 1 inner wall of pulverization cylinder, be fixedly connected in vertical shaft 7 from up to
The crushing knife 11 that lower spacing is gradually reduced, crushing knife 11 gradually crush rubbish, improve crushing effect；On the sieve plate 12
Equally distributed sieve pore is offered, guarantees that grinding particle size is in the same size；1 lower end of pulverization cylinder is communicated with de- by material blanking roller 13
Water drum 14, dehydration tube 14 are horizontally disposed conically shaped；It is equipped with trunnion axis 15 in the dehydration tube 14, trunnion axis 15 is fixedly connected
There is extrusion spiral blade 16, trunnion axis 15 extends to 14 left side of dehydration tube and is connected with the second driving motor 17, the second driving electricity
The mode that machine 17 is bolted is fixedly connected with dehydration tube 14, and granulated garbage squeezes after 16 pairs of extrusion spiral blade crushing
Press-dehydrating；14 left end of dehydration tube is communicated with drain pipe 20, and drain pipe 20 and 14 connectivity part of dehydration tube are equipped with filter screen 21, keep away
Exempt from granulated garbage and enters drain pipe 20；Horizontal tube 18 is communicated on the right side of the dehydration tube 14, horizontal tube 18 is communicated with discharge nozzle 19；
14 lower end of dehydration tube is fixedly connected with pedestal 22.
Please refer to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the present embodiment the difference from embodiment 1 is that：It abuts to have above the sieve plate 12 and circumferentially be distributed
Scraper plate 23, scraper plate 23 is fixedly connected with vertical shaft 7, and scraper plate 23 is obliquely installed, and vertical shaft 7 drives scraper plate 23 to rotate, will
The solid refuse being deposited on sieve plate 12 raises, and avoids sieve plate 12 from blocking while improving crush efficiency；The horizontal tube 18 is embedded
It is cased with movable block 24, movable block 24 is set on trunnion axis 15 and is slidably connected with trunnion axis 15, and movable block 24 is stretched by spring
Contracting bar 25 is connect with 18 inner wall of horizontal tube, and when screw extrusion blade 16 pushes granulated garbage to move to the right, particle squeezes movement
Block 24, telescopic spring bar 25 are compressed, and extrusion dehydration effect is improved, when movable block 24 is moved to the right side of discharge nozzle 19, particle from
Discharge nozzle 19 is discharged.
It should be noted that：Crushing knife in the application, compression roller, dehydration tube are the prior art, will from top to bottom between
It is the innovative point of the application away from gradually lesser crushing knife arrangement mode, scraper plate, movable block and telescopic spring bar, by from upper
To lower spacing, gradually lesser crushing knife is crushed step by step to the broken solid refuse of pressure roller is squeezed, and improves crushing effect,
The rubbish that floor lever of sieve tray is accumulated is raised by scraper plate, guarantees to crush abundant；By movable block and telescopic spring bar, improve to rubbish
The squeezing effect of rubbish particle improves dehydrating effect.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie
In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter
From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power
Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims
Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped
Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should
It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art
The other embodiments being understood that.