CN117818127A - Plant extraction device and method - Google Patents

Plant extraction device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN117818127A
CN117818127A CN202410250905.8A CN202410250905A CN117818127A CN 117818127 A CN117818127 A CN 117818127A CN 202410250905 A CN202410250905 A CN 202410250905A CN 117818127 A CN117818127 A CN 117818127A
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China
Prior art keywords
plant
extrusion
crushing
dehydration
plate
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CN202410250905.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林斯华
苏松志
林欣欣
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Anxi Zhongke Lvhua Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Anxi Zhongke Lvhua Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202410250905.8A priority Critical patent/CN117818127A/en
Publication of CN117818127A publication Critical patent/CN117818127A/en
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of plant extraction, in particular to a plant extraction device and a plant extraction method, wherein the plant extraction device comprises a fixed base and a collecting tank arranged below the fixed base, an extrusion extraction component is arranged above the fixed base, and the plant extraction device can squeeze plant rhizomes through the use of an extrusion bracket, an extrusion grinding roller, an adjustment moving seat, an extrusion motor, a support screen plate, a flow gathering hopper, a driving gear, an adjustment screw block and an adjustment screw rod, so that the initial extrusion extraction of juice in the plant rhizomes is realized, and the operation of two groups of extrusion grinding rollers can drive plant rhizomes to generate relative movement when the surface of a plant is squeezed, so that the comprehensive squeezing of the plant rhizomes can be realized, the rolling effect is improved, the waste of plant stock is avoided, the extraction efficiency and the effect of the plant stock are improved, and the residue after the extraction is collected later is facilitated, thereby meeting the use requirements of people.

Description

Plant extraction device and method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of plant extraction, and particularly relates to a plant extraction device and a plant extraction method.
Background
In the field of plant extraction, it is often necessary to extract a stock solution of a plant, wherein the plant extraction is a product formed by taking the plant as a raw material, and directionally acquiring and concentrating one or more active ingredients in the plant through a physicochemical extraction and separation process according to the requirement on the application of an extracted final product without changing the structure of the active ingredients;
although the existing extraction device in life meets the use requirement of a user to a certain extent, certain defects still exist in the use process, and the specific problems are that in the process of extracting plant stock solution, the stock solution is extracted by crushing plant rhizomes by a blade at present, and the plant rhizomes are tough, juice in the plant rhizomes is difficult to permeate out, so that the extraction effect is poor, most of stock solution in plants cannot be fully extracted, waste of plant stock solution is easily caused, and meanwhile, the extraction efficiency of plant stock solution is low, so that the use requirement of people cannot be met;
in order to solve the above problems, a plant extraction device and a method are provided in the present application.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a plant extraction device and a plant extraction method, which can effectively solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention provides the following technical solutions: the plant extraction device comprises a fixed base and a collecting tank arranged below the fixed base;
an extrusion extraction assembly is arranged above the fixed base and comprises an extrusion bracket, an extrusion grinding roller, an adjusting moving seat, an extrusion motor, a supporting sieve plate, a flow gathering hopper, a driving gear, an adjusting screw block and an adjusting screw rod, wherein the extrusion bracket is used for extruding and squeezing plant rhizomes to obtain plant extracts;
fixed base's fixed surface has the support sieve, the welding of support sieve's surface both sides has extrusion support, be provided with two sets of extrusion grinding roller between the two sets of extrusion support, the both ends of two sets of extrusion grinding roller all rotate and are connected with the regulation and remove the seat, and adjust and remove the inside of seat sliding connection at extrusion support, wherein a set of surface screw who adjusts the seat installs extrusion motor, be provided with under the extrusion grinding roller and gather the flow bucket, and gather the flow bucket welding at the surface of support sieve, the sieve mesh has been seted up to the inside of support sieve, the one end of two sets of extrusion grinding roller all is fixed with drive gear, the surface both sides symmetry of two sets of regulation removal seat is fixed with the adjusting screw piece, the inside equal threaded connection of two sets of adjusting screw piece has adjusting screw, and adjusting screw rotates the inside of connecting at the extrusion support.
As a plant extraction device, the extrusion extraction assembly also comprises an abutting gear, a pushing seat, a pushing screw rod, a fixing frame and a hand wheel;
the pushing device comprises a pushing seat, a pushing screw rod, a hand wheel, a fixing frame, a pushing screw rod, a hand wheel, a driving gear, a pushing screw rod and a pushing screw rod.
As a plant extraction device, preferably, positioning sliding racks are symmetrically fixed on two sides of the surface of a machine body of the extrusion motor, and positioning sliding grooves matched with the positioning sliding racks are formed in the surface of the extrusion bracket.
As a plant extraction device, preferably, a bevel gear piece is fixed at the bottom end of an adjusting screw, a rotating shaft is fixed at the other end of the bevel gear piece, the rotating shaft is rotatably connected inside an extrusion support, a spline is fixed at the end of the rotating shaft, a supporting seat is welded on the surface of the extrusion support, and the spline rotates inside the supporting seat.
As a plant extraction device, a transmission chain condition is preferably connected between a spline and a pushing screw rod, two sides of the transmission chain condition are symmetrically abutted with synchronous push-pull plates, the top ends of the synchronous push-pull plates are rotationally connected with the pushing screw rod, avoidance grooves matched with the spline are formed in the bottom ends of the synchronous push-pull plates, a discharge plate is arranged below an extrusion grinding roller, and the discharge plate is welded in an extrusion support.
Preferably, a crushing and extracting assembly is arranged at the end of the discharging plate, and comprises a crushing box, a crushing motor, a cutting rotating frame, a crushing blade, a transmission gear I, a rotating shaft, a cutting knife roll, a blocking filter plate and a guide plate, wherein the crushing box is used for cutting and crushing plant rhizomes to obtain plant extracts;
the end department of arranging the flitch is fixed with broken case, broken motor is installed to broken case's surface screw, broken motor's output is fixed with the cutting and rotates the frame, the cutting rotates the frame and rotates the inside of connecting at broken case, and the surface mounting who cuts the frame has broken blade, broken blade's top is provided with two sets of rotation axes, and the surface mounting of two sets of rotation axes has the cutter roll, the end department that broken motor was kept away from to the cutting rotates the frame is fixed with drive gear one, broken blade's below is provided with the filter plate that blocks that is the arc structure, and block the filter plate welding in broken case's inside, the below symmetry that blocks the filter plate is provided with two sets of guide plates that are the slope and arrange, and the guide plate welding is in broken case's inside.
As a plant extraction device, the crushing and extracting assembly also comprises a material collecting baffle, a transmission gear II and a cutting gear;
the end of two sets of rotation axis department all is fixed with the cutting gear, and two sets of cutting gear intermeshes, and the surface meshing of drive gear one is connected with drive gear two, and drive gear two and one of them a set of cutting gear meshing are connected, and the top inner wall welding of broken case has gathers the material baffle.
As a plant extraction device, preferably, the bottom of the crushing box is provided with a dehydration extraction component, and the dehydration extraction component comprises a dehydration box, a support frame, a dehydration motor, a spiral dehydration auger, a dehydration filter cylinder, a dehydration top plate, a spring, a pushing slide plate and a blocking support bracket, wherein the dehydration box is used for compressing and dehydrating cut and crushed plant residues to obtain plant extracts;
the bottom welding of broken case has the dehydration box, and collection tank and unable adjustment base all fix the surface at the dehydration box, the both ends of dehydration box have all welded the support frame, the surface screw of one set of support frame installs the dehydration motor, and the surface fixation of another set of support frame has and blocks the support frame, the output of dehydration motor is fixed with spiral dehydration auger, and the both ends of spiral dehydration auger rotate and connect between support frame and block the support frame, the surface cover of spiral dehydration auger is equipped with the dehydration and strains the jar, and the dehydration strains the jar and fix between two sets of support frames, block the inside of support frame and be provided with the dehydration roof, dehydration roof sliding connection is in the surface end department of spiral dehydration auger, and the inside of support frame has seted up the top groove with dehydration roof looks adaptation, the surface end department sliding connection of spiral dehydration auger has the top slide, the surface end department of spiral dehydration auger is around being equipped with the spring, and the both ends of spring are fixed between dehydration roof and top slide.
Preferably, the plant extraction device of the invention, the dehydration extraction component further comprises a feed hopper and a collection box;
the top one side welding of dewatering box has the feeder hopper, and the feeder hopper just is to the below of guide plate, and the bottom of dewatering box has the collecting box through the pipe connection, and collecting box and collecting tank are linked together through the connecting pipe.
The invention also provides a plant extraction device and a plant extraction method, comprising the following steps:
s1, driving two groups of extrusion grinding rollers to rotate in an extrusion bracket by starting an extrusion motor, and rolling plant rhizomes, so that juice in the plant rhizomes is initially squeezed and extracted;
s2, driving a cutting knife roller and a crushing blade to rotate in the crushing box by starting a crushing motor, so that the squeezed plant rhizomes can be cut off and crushed, fibers in the plant rhizomes are damaged, and juice in the plant rhizomes fully permeates and flows out;
s3, starting a dehydration motor to drive a spiral dehydration auger to rotate in the dehydration filter cylinder, so that crushed plant residues can be extruded and dehydrated, thorough separation of liquid residues is realized, and stock solution in plants can be fully extracted.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention has scientific and reasonable structure and safe and convenient use:
1. the extrusion extraction assembly is arranged, the plant rhizomes can be extruded through the extrusion support, the extrusion grinding rollers, the adjustment moving seat, the extrusion motor, the support screen plate, the flow gathering hopper, the driving gear, the adjustment screw block and the adjustment screw rod, so that the juice in the plant rhizomes can be initially extruded and extracted, the plant rhizomes can be driven to generate relative movement when the surfaces of the plants are extruded through the operation of the two groups of extrusion grinding rollers, the plant rhizomes can be comprehensively extruded, the rolling effect is improved, the waste of plant stock is avoided, the extraction efficiency and the effect of the plant stock are improved, and the follow-up collection of extracted residues is facilitated, so that the use requirements of people are met;
through the use of leaning on the gear, pushing the seat, pushing the lead screw, mount and hand wheel, can adjust the interval between two sets of extrusion grinding rollers, be convenient for place plant rhizome between two sets of extrusion grinding rollers, reverse rotation hand wheel afterwards can extrude two sets of extrusion grinding rollers on plant rhizome surface to according to extrusion extraction demand adjustment extrusion grinding roller to plant rhizome's extrusion dynamics, prevent to appear plant rhizome stoste extrusion incompletely or the too big condition that damages the device of extrusion dynamics.
2. The crushing and extracting assembly is arranged, and the fallen plant rhizomes can be cut off through the crushing box, the crushing motor, the cutting rotating frame, the crushing blade, the first transmission gear, the rotating shaft, the cutting knife roller, the blocking filter plate and the guide plate, so that the fallen plant rhizomes are uniformly cut into equidistant crushed sections, the size of the broken sections is reduced, the blocking condition is avoided, the crushing of the plant rhizomes can be pretreated, the crushing efficiency and the crushing effect of the crushing blade on the plant rhizomes are improved while the workload of the crushing blade is lightened, the crushing effect on the plant rhizomes is improved, fibers inside the plant rhizomes can be damaged, the juice inside the plant rhizomes can fully permeate and flow out, and the extraction amount of the juice of the plant rhizomes is improved;
through gathering material baffle, drive gear two and cutting gear's use, can be through the drive of broken motor, broken blade can high-speed operation breakage, and relative cutting off knife roller can cut off the plant rhizome that drops at the fixed speed, realizes cutting off and broken processing to plant rhizome simultaneously, practices thrift power consumption, has reduced the cost of production.
3. The device is provided with a dehydration extraction component, through the use of a dehydration tank, a support frame, a dehydration motor, a spiral dehydration auger, a dehydration filter cylinder, a dehydration top plate, a spring, a pushing slide plate and a blocking support bracket, juice moisture in plant residues can be squeezed and dehydrated, solid-liquid separation can be carried out on the plant residues through a filter hole of the dehydration filter cylinder, the plant residues can be discharged through a slag discharge hole formed in the end of the dehydration tank, the plant residues in the dehydration filter cylinder are not required to be cleaned manually, time and labor are saved, the extraction effect of liquid discharged from plants is further improved, stock solution in the plants can be fully extracted, and waste of the plant stock solution is avoided;
through the use of feeder hopper and collecting box, can guide broken plant rhizome residue and juice to the inside of dehydration filter cartridge to the inside at the collecting box is unified to the plant stoste after the extraction.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate the invention and together with the embodiments of the invention, serve to explain the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the whole structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of an extrusion assembly according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a second embodiment of an extrusion assembly according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a partial cross-sectional view of an extrusion extraction assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the portion A of FIG. 5 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of FIG. 5B in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a crushing extraction assembly and a dewatering extraction assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of a crush extraction assembly in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the crushing box and the first transmission gear of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view of a dewatering extraction assembly according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a fixed base; 2. a collection tank; 3. extruding the extraction assembly; 31. extruding the bracket; 32. extruding the grinding roller; 321. a discharge plate; 33. adjusting the movable seat; 34. extruding a motor; 341. positioning the carriage; 342. positioning a chute; 35. supporting the screen plate; 36. a flow gathering hopper; 37. a drive gear; 371. the gear is abutted; 372. a pushing seat; 373. pushing the screw rod; 374. a fixing frame; 375. a hand wheel; 38. adjusting the screw block; 39. adjusting a screw; 391. bevel gear piece; 392. a rotating shaft; 393. a spline; 394. a support base; 395. driving chain conditions; 396. a synchronous push-pull plate; 4. crushing the extraction assembly; 41. a crushing box; 411. a material collecting baffle; 42. a crushing motor; 43. cutting a rotating frame; 44. crushing blades; 45. a first transmission gear; 451. a transmission gear II; 452. cutting off the gear; 46. a rotation shaft; 47. cutting off the knife roll; 48. a blocking filter plate; 49. a deflector; 5. a dehydration extraction assembly; 51. a dewatering box; 511. a feed hopper; 512. a collection box; 52. a support frame; 53. a dehydration motor; 54. spiral dehydration auger; 55. a dehydration cartridge; 56. a dehydrated top plate; 57. a spring; 58. pushing the sliding plate; 59. blocking the support bracket.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
Examples: as shown in fig. 1 to 11, the present invention provides a technical solution, a plant extraction device, comprising a fixed base 1 and a collection tank 2 arranged below the fixed base 1;
an extrusion extraction assembly 3 is arranged above the fixed base 1, and the extrusion extraction assembly 3 comprises an extrusion bracket 31, an extrusion grinding roller 32, a discharge plate 321, an adjusting moving seat 33, an extrusion motor 34, a positioning sliding frame 341, a positioning sliding groove 342, a supporting sieve plate 35, a flow collecting hopper 36, a driving gear 37, a leaning gear 371, a pushing seat 372, a pushing screw 373, a fixed frame 374, a hand wheel 375, an adjusting screw 38, an adjusting screw 39, a bevel gear 391, a rotating shaft 392, a spline 393, a supporting seat 394, a transmission chain condition 395 and a synchronous push-pull plate 396;
the surface of the fixed base 1 is fixedly provided with a supporting screen plate 35, two sides of the surface of the supporting screen plate 35 are welded with extrusion brackets 31, two groups of extrusion grinding rollers 32 which are sequentially arranged from top to bottom are arranged between the two groups of extrusion brackets 31, two ends of each of the two groups of extrusion grinding rollers 32 are rotatably connected with an adjusting moving seat 33, a moving groove which is matched with the adjusting moving seat 33 is formed in the interior of the extrusion bracket 31, the adjusting moving seat 33 is slidably connected in the interior of the extrusion bracket 31 through the moving groove, a group of surface screws of the adjusting moving seat 33 are provided with extrusion motors 34, positioning sliding grooves 342 which are matched with the positioning sliding grooves 341 are symmetrically fixed on two sides of the surface of a machine body of the extrusion motor 34, a flow gathering hopper 36 is arranged under the extrusion grinding rollers 32, the flow gathering hopper 36 is welded on the surface of the supporting screen plate 35, sieve holes are formed in the supporting screen plate 35, the lower surface of the supporting sieve plate 35 is also connected with the collecting tank 2 through the flow gathering hopper 36, one ends of the two groups of extrusion grinding rollers 32 far away from the extrusion motor 34 are both fixed with driving gears 37, a pushing seat 372 is arranged between the two groups of driving gears 37, two groups of leaning gears 371 are rotatably connected in the pushing seat 372, the two groups of leaning gears 371 are in meshed connection, the two groups of leaning gears 371 are respectively in meshed connection with the two groups of driving gears 37, a pushing screw 373 is rotatably connected at the end of the pushing seat 372, a fixing frame 374 is welded on the surface of the extrusion bracket 31, the pushing screw 373 is in threaded connection in the fixing frame 374, a hand wheel 375 is fixed at the end of the pushing screw 373, adjusting screw blocks 38 are symmetrically fixed on the two sides of the surface of the two groups of adjusting moving seats 33, adjusting screws 39 are in threaded connection in the two groups of adjusting screw blocks 38, and the adjusting screws 39 are rotatably connected in the extrusion bracket 31, the bottom department of adjusting screw 39 is fixed with bevel gear 391, the other end department of bevel gear 391 is fixed with axis of rotation 392, and axis of rotation 392 rotates the inside of connecting at extrusion support 31, the end department of axis of rotation 392 is fixed with spline 393, the surface welding of extrusion support 31 has supporting seat 394, and spline 393 rotates the inside at supporting seat 394, be connected with drive chain condition 395 between spline 393 and the pushing screw 373, the bilateral symmetry butt of drive chain condition 395 has synchronous push-and-pull plate 396, the top department and the pushing screw 373 rotation of synchronous push-and-pull plate 396 are connected, the bottom department of synchronous push-and-pull plate 396 has seted up the groove of dodging that suits with spline 393, can slide at its surface, the below of extrusion grinding roller 32 is provided with row flitch 321, and row flitch 321 welds the inside at extrusion support 31, bevel gear 391 is 2 by two sets of transmission ratios: 1, so that the transmission ratio between the rotation shaft 392 and the adjusting screw 39 is also 2:1.
a crushing and extracting assembly 4 is arranged at the end of the discharging plate 321, and the crushing and extracting assembly 4 comprises a crushing box 41 for cutting and crushing plant roots to obtain plant extracts, a material collecting baffle 411, a crushing motor 42, a cutting rotating frame 43, a crushing blade 44, a first transmission gear 45, a second transmission gear 451, a cutting gear 452, a rotating shaft 46, a cutting knife roller 47, a blocking filter plate 48 and a guide plate 49;
the end department of the discharge plate 321 is fixed with the crushing case 41, the surface screw of crushing case 41 installs crushing motor 42, the output of crushing motor 42 is fixed with the cutting rotary frame 43, the cutting rotary frame 43 rotates the inside of connecting at crushing case 41, and the fixed surface of cutting rotary frame 43 is provided with multiunit and is annular array's crushing blade 44, the top of crushing blade 44 is provided with two sets of rotation axis 46, and the surface of two sets of rotation axis 46 all staggered arrangement is fixed with the cutting knife roller 47, the end department of two sets of rotation axis 46 all is fixed with cutting gear 452, and two sets of cutting gear 452 intermesh, the end department that cutting rotary frame 43 kept away from crushing motor 42 is fixed with drive gear one 45, the surface engagement of drive gear one 45 is connected with drive gear two 451, and drive gear two 451 and one of them cutting gear 452 engagement are connected, the below of crushing blade 44 is provided with the filter plate 48 that is the arc structure, and the filter plate 48 that blocks welds in the inside of crushing case 41, the below of filter plate 48 is provided with two sets of guide plates 49 that are the slope arrangement symmetrically, and guide plates 49 weld in the inside of crushing case 41, the inner wall of crushing case 41 has the baffle plate that gathers materials welding.
The bottom of the crushing box 41 is provided with a dehydration extraction assembly 5, and the dehydration extraction assembly 5 comprises a dehydration tank 51, a feed hopper 511, a collecting box 512, a supporting frame 52, a dehydration motor 53, a spiral dehydration auger 54, a dehydration filter cartridge 55, a dehydration top plate 56, a spring 57, a pushing slide plate 58 and a blocking support bracket 59, wherein the dehydration tank 51 is used for compressing and dehydrating cut and crushed plant residues to obtain plant extracts;
the bottom of the crushing box 41 is welded with a dewatering box 51, the collecting tank 2 and the fixing base 1 are both fixed on the surface of the dewatering box 51, two ends of the dewatering box 51 are both welded with supporting frames 52, a dewatering motor 53 is installed on the surface screw of one group of supporting frames 52, a blocking supporting bracket 59 is fixed on the surface of the other group of supporting frames 52, a spiral dewatering auger 54 is fixed at the output end of the dewatering motor 53, two ends of the spiral dewatering auger 54 are rotatably connected between the supporting frames 52 and the blocking supporting bracket 59, a dewatering filter drum 55 is covered on the surface of the spiral dewatering auger 54, the dewatering filter drum 55 is fixed between the two groups of supporting frames 52, a dewatering top plate 56 is arranged inside the blocking supporting bracket 59, the dewatering top plate 56 is connected with the surface end of the spiral dewatering auger 54 in a sliding mode, a pushing groove matched with the dewatering top plate 56 is formed inside the supporting frame 52, a sliding connection plate 58 is connected with the surface end of the spiral dewatering auger 54 in a sliding mode, a spring 57 is wound on the surface end of the spiral dewatering auger 54, two ends of the spring 57 are fixed between the dewatering top plate 56 and the pushing 58, one side of the top of the dewatering box 51 is provided with a guide plate 511, the guide plate 511 is directly opposite to the bottom of the collecting box 512 is connected with the collecting box 512 through the collecting box 2, and the collecting box 512 is connected with the bottom of the collecting box 512.
The invention also provides a plant extraction device and a plant extraction method, comprising the following steps:
s1, driving two groups of extrusion grinding rollers 32 to rotate in an extrusion bracket 31 by starting an extrusion motor 34, and rolling plant rhizomes, so that juice in the plant rhizomes is initially squeezed and extracted;
s2, a crushing motor 42 is started to drive a cutting knife roller 47 and a crushing blade 44 to rotate in the crushing box 41, so that the squeezed plant rhizomes can be cut off and crushed, fibers in the plant rhizomes are damaged, and juice in the plant rhizomes fully permeates and flows out;
s3, starting a dehydration motor 53 to drive a spiral dehydration auger 54 to rotate in a dehydration filter cartridge 55, so that crushed plant residues can be subjected to extrusion dehydration treatment, thorough separation of liquid residues is realized, and stock solution in plants can be fully extracted.
When plant stock solution is required to be extracted, the hand wheel 375 is screwed, the hand wheel 375 drives the pushing screw 373 to rotate in the fixing frame 374, the pushing screw 373 moves in the fixing frame 374 along a spiral track, the pushing seat 372 is pushed to drive the abutting gear 371 to move towards one side of the driving gear 37, during the period, the transmission chain condition 395 can be driven to operate through the rotation of the pushing screw 373, then the other end of the transmission chain condition 395 can slide on the surface of the spline 393 under the cooperation of the synchronous push-pull plate 396, the spline 393 is driven to rotate in the supporting seat 394 along with the operation of the transmission chain condition 395, the rotating shaft 392 is driven to synchronously rotate in the extrusion bracket 31 along with the rotation of the rotating shaft 392, the bevel gear 391 can be driven to operate, and then drive two groups of adjusting screws 39 to rotate in the same direction at the same speed in the extrusion bracket 31, the adjusting screws 38 can be driven to move along the spiral track by the rotation of the adjusting screws 39, and then drive the adjusting moving seat 33 to slide in the adjusting groove formed in the extrusion bracket 31, so as to drive the extrusion grinding roller 32 and the driving gear 37 to synchronously move, during the period, the two groups of leaning gears 371 are respectively meshed with the surfaces of the two groups of driving gears 37, so that the distance between the two groups of extrusion grinding rollers 32 can be adjusted, plant roots are conveniently placed between the two groups of extrusion grinding rollers 32, then the hand wheel 375 is reversely rotated, the two groups of extrusion grinding rollers 32 can be extruded on the surfaces of the plant roots, and the extrusion strength of the extrusion grinding roller 32 on the plant roots can be adjusted according to the extrusion extraction requirement, the condition that the device is damaged due to incomplete extrusion of plant rhizome stock solution or overlarge extrusion force is prevented.
Then, the power equipment of the device is operated, along with the starting of the extrusion motor 34, the extrusion motor 34 drives one group of extrusion grinding rollers 32 to rotate in the extrusion bracket 31, further, the driving gear 37 connected to the end of the extrusion grinding rollers is driven to synchronously rotate, the driving gear 37 is meshed with the leaning gear 371 for transmission, the other group of driving gears 37 and the extrusion grinding rollers 32 can be driven to rotate at the same speed in the extrusion bracket 31 in the opposite direction, the plant rhizomes can be extruded, the initial extrusion extraction of juice in the plant rhizomes is realized, the extrusion of the plant rhizomes is fixed through the two groups of extrusion grinding rollers 32, the operation of the two groups of extrusion grinding rollers 32 can drive the plant rhizomes to generate relative movement when the surface of the plant is extruded, the comprehensive extrusion of the plant rhizomes can be realized, the rolling effect is improved, extruded plant stock can fall into the inside of the collecting hopper 36 through the drainage groove formed in the surface of the extrusion grinding rollers 32, then is filtered through the supporting 35, the extruded plant rhizomes are effectively guided into the inside of the collecting tank 2 to be collected, the plant rhizomes fall into the discharging plate 321 under the action of gravity, and the plant rhizomes are guided into the crushing sieve plate 41 through the discharging plate 321.
The plant rootstock falling into the crushing box 41 is gathered and guided under the action of the gathering baffle 411, so that the plant rootstock just falls between the two groups of cutting knife rolls 47, the cutting rotating frame 43 can be driven to rotate in the crushing box 41 by the starting of the crushing motor 42, the crushing blade 44 on the surface of the cutting rotating frame is driven to synchronously rotate in the crushing box 41, the transmission gear I45 at the end of the cutting rotating frame is driven to rotate outside the crushing box 41, the transmission gear II 451 can be driven to rotate on the surface of the crushing box 41 by the rotation of the transmission gear I45, the two groups of gears in the cutting gear 452 are driven to rotate in the same speed and in the opposite direction, the two groups of rotating shafts 46 can be driven to rotate in the same speed and in the opposite direction in the crushing box 41, the cutting knife rolls 47 on the surface of the cutting rotating frame can be driven to synchronously rotate by the rotation of the rotating shafts 46, the dropped plant rootstock can be cut off, the device can uniformly cut into equidistant crushed sections, reduce the volume of the device, prevent the blockage situation, can pretreat the crushing of plant rhizomes, reduce the work load of the crushing blade 44, improve the crushing efficiency and the crushing effect of the crushing blade 44 on the plant rhizomes, continuously drop the plant rhizomes cut into the crushed sections, thoroughly crush the plant rhizomes by rotating the cutting rotating frame 43 and the crushing blade 44, prevent the incompletely crushed plant rhizomes from directly dropping into the dewatering box 51 to affect the crushing effect and the juice yield by blocking the filter plate 48, and rotate along with the crushing blade 44, the incompletely crushed plant rhizomes are overturned so as to be cut and crushed by the crushing blade 44 again until the plant rhizomes are thoroughly crushed, improve the crushing effect on the plant rhizomes, the inside fibre of plant rhizome can be destroyed for the inside juice of plant rhizome fully permeates out, thereby improves the extraction yield to plant rhizome juice, owing to there is the transmission ratio between transmission gear one 45 and transmission gear two 451, consequently through the drive of crushing motor 42, crushing blade 44 can high-speed operation breakage, relative cutting off knife roller 47 can cut off the plant rhizome that drops at a fixed speed, realizes cutting off and crushing processing to plant rhizome simultaneously, practices thrift the power consumption, has reduced the cost of production.
The broken plant rhizome residues and juice thereof fall into the interior of the feed hopper 511 under the guidance of the guide plate 49 and then fall into the interior of the dehydration filter cartridge 55, at this time, the spiral dehydration auger 54 can be driven to rotate in the dehydration filter cartridge 55 by the start of the dehydration motor 53 so as to push the fallen plant residues, as the both ends of the spiral dehydration auger 54 and the dehydration filter cartridge 55 are set to be in a structure which gradually becomes smaller from large to small, along with the gradual accumulation of the plant residues, under the blocking of the dehydration top plate 56, the plant residues can be fully extruded, juice moisture in the plant residues can be extruded and dehydrated, solid-liquid separation can be performed on the plant residues through the filtering holes of the dehydration filter cartridge 55, the filtered juice falls into the interior of the dehydration tank 51 and finally flows into the interior of the collection box 512 through the collection pipe to be collected, the filtered residues continue to be conveyed along with the operation of the spiral dehydration auger 54, under the accumulation pushing of the residues, the dehydration top plate 56 extrudes the spring 57 to push the pushing slide plate 58 to slide on the surface of the end of the spiral dehydration auger 54, then under the action of the blocking support bracket 59, the spring 57 is forced to deform and generate elasticity, when the dehydration top plate 56 moves out of the dehydration filter cylinder 55 and the blocking support bracket 59, plant residues are discharged through a slag discharge port formed at the end of the dehydration tank 51, and the separation of liquid and residues is realized, so that the manual cleaning of the plant residues in the dehydration filter cylinder 55 is not needed, the time and labor are saved, the squeezing effect of the liquid of plants is further improved, the stock solution in the plants can be fully extracted, the waste of the plant stock solution is avoided, the extraction efficiency and the effect of the plant stock solution are improved, the residues after the extraction are collected later are facilitated, thereby meeting the use requirements of people.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the present invention is not limited thereto, but it is to be understood that the present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, and modifications and equivalents of some of the technical features described in the foregoing embodiments may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A plant extraction device, which comprises a fixed base (1) and a collecting tank (2) arranged below the fixed base (1);
the method is characterized in that: an extrusion extraction assembly (3) is arranged above the fixed base (1), and the extrusion extraction assembly (3) comprises an extrusion bracket (31), an extrusion grinding roller (32), an adjusting moving seat (33), an extrusion motor (34), a supporting sieve plate (35), a flow gathering hopper (36), a driving gear (37), an adjusting screw block (38) and an adjusting screw (39) which are used for extruding and squeezing plant roots to obtain plant extracts;
the surface of the fixed base (1) is fixedly provided with a supporting sieve plate (35), two sides of the surface of the supporting sieve plate (35) are welded with extrusion brackets (31), two groups of extrusion grinding rollers (32) are arranged between the two groups of extrusion brackets (31), two ends of each extrusion grinding roller (32) are rotationally connected with an adjusting moving seat (33), the adjusting moving seats (33) are slidably connected in the extrusion brackets (31), one group of surface screws of the adjusting moving seats (33) are provided with extrusion motors (34), a flow collecting hopper (36) is arranged right below each extrusion grinding roller (32), the flow collecting hopper (36) is welded on the surface of the supporting sieve plate (35), sieve holes are formed in the supporting sieve plate (35), one ends of each extrusion grinding roller (32) are fixedly provided with driving gears (37), two groups of adjusting moving seats (33) are symmetrically fixed on two sides of the surface of each adjusting screw block (38), the two groups of adjusting screw blocks (38) are internally connected with adjusting screw rods (39), and the adjusting screw rods (39) are rotationally connected in the extrusion brackets (31); the extrusion extraction assembly (3) further comprises an abutting gear (371), a pushing seat (372), a pushing screw rod (373), a fixing frame (374) and a hand wheel (375);
two sets of be provided with between drive gear (37) and pass seat (372), the inside rotation of passing seat (372) is connected with two sets of leaning on gear (371), two sets of leaning on gear (371) meshing and being connected, and two sets of leaning on gear (371) respectively with two sets of drive gear (37) meshing and being connected, the end department rotation of passing seat (372) is connected with and passes lead screw (373), the surface welding of extrusion support (31) has mount (374), just pass lead screw (373) threaded connection in the inside of mount (374), the end department of passing lead screw (373) is fixed with hand wheel (375).
2. The plant extraction device of claim 1, wherein: positioning sliding frames (341) are symmetrically fixed on two sides of the surface of the machine body of the extrusion motor (34), and positioning sliding grooves (342) matched with the positioning sliding frames (341) are formed in the surface of the extrusion support (31).
3. The plant extraction device of claim 2, wherein: the bottom of adjusting screw (39) is fixed with bevel gear (391), the other end department of bevel gear (391) is fixed with axis of rotation (392), just axis of rotation (392) rotate and connect the inside at extrusion support (31), the end department of axis of rotation (392) is fixed with spline (393), the surface welding of extrusion support (31) has supporting seat (394), just spline (393) rotate the inside at supporting seat (394).
4. A plant extraction device according to claim 3, wherein: the novel grinding device is characterized in that a transmission chain condition (395) is connected between the spline (393) and the pushing screw rod (373), a synchronous push-pull plate (396) is symmetrically abutted to two sides of the transmission chain condition (395), the top end of the synchronous push-pull plate (396) is rotationally connected with the pushing screw rod (373), an avoidance groove matched with the spline (393) is formed in the bottom end of the synchronous push-pull plate (396), a discharge plate (321) is arranged below the extrusion grinding roller (32), and the discharge plate (321) is welded inside the extrusion support (31).
5. The plant extraction device of claim 4, wherein: a crushing and extracting assembly (4) is arranged at the end of the discharging plate (321), and the crushing and extracting assembly (4) comprises a crushing box (41), a crushing motor (42), a cutting rotating frame (43), a crushing blade (44), a transmission gear I (45), a rotating shaft (46), a cutting knife roller (47), a blocking filter plate (48) and a guide plate (49) which are used for cutting and crushing plant roots to obtain plant extracts;
the utility model discloses a crushing filter plate (41) of crushing, including crushing case (41), cutting screw (43) and baffle plate (49) are fixed with crushing case (41) in the end department of arranging flitch (321), the surface screw of crushing case (41) installs crushing motor (42), the output of crushing motor (42) is fixed with cutting spiral frame (43), cutting spiral frame (43) rotate and connect in the inside of crushing case (41), just the surface fastening of cutting spiral frame (43) has crushing blade (44), the top of crushing blade (44) is provided with two sets of rotation axis (46), and two sets of the surface fastening of rotation axis (46) has cutting knife roller (47), the end department that crushing motor (42) were kept away from to cutting spiral frame (43) is fixed with drive gear (45), the below of crushing blade (44) is provided with and is arc structure's baffle plate (48), just baffle plate (48) weld in the inside of crushing case (41), the below symmetry of baffle plate (48) is provided with two sets of baffle plates (49) and is slope arrangement, just baffle plate (49) weld in the inside of crushing case (41).
6. The plant extraction device of claim 5, wherein: the crushing and extracting assembly (4) further comprises a material collecting baffle (411), a transmission gear II (451) and a cutting gear (452);
the end of two sets of rotation axis (46) is fixed with cutting gear (452), and two sets of cutting gear (452) intermesh, the surface meshing of drive gear one (45) is connected with drive gear two (451), just drive gear two (451) and one of them a set of cutting gear (452) meshing are connected, the top inner wall welding of crushing case (41) has gathers material baffle (411).
7. The plant extraction device of claim 6, wherein: the bottom of the crushing box (41) is provided with a dehydration extraction assembly (5), and the dehydration extraction assembly (5) comprises a dehydration tank (51), a support frame (52), a dehydration motor (53), a spiral dehydration auger (54), a dehydration filter cylinder (55), a dehydration top plate (56), a spring (57), a pushing slide plate (58) and a blocking support bracket (59) which are used for compressing and dehydrating cut and crushed plant residues to obtain plant extracts;
the bottom of the crushing box (41) is welded with a dewatering box (51), the collecting tank (2) and the fixing base (1) are both fixed on the surface of the dewatering box (51), two ends of the dewatering box (51) are both welded with supporting frames (52), one group of supporting frames (52) are provided with dewatering motors (53) through surface screws, the other group of supporting frames (52) are fixedly provided with supporting brackets (59) through surfaces, the output end of each dewatering motor (53) is fixedly provided with a spiral dewatering auger (54), two ends of each spiral dewatering auger (54) are rotatably connected between the corresponding supporting frames (52) and the supporting brackets (59), a dewatering cartridge (55) is covered on the surface of each spiral dewatering auger (54), the dewatering cartridge (55) is fixed between the two groups of supporting frames (52), a dewatering top plate (56) is arranged in the supporting brackets (59), the dewatering top plate (56) is slidably connected at the surface end of each spiral dewatering auger (54), a pushing groove (58) is formed in the inner part of each supporting frame (52) and is rotatably connected with the spiral auger (54) through a pushing spring (54), and two ends of the spring (57) are fixed between the dewatering top plate (56) and the pushing slide plate (58).
8. The plant extraction device of claim 7, wherein: the dehydration extraction component (5) also comprises a feed hopper (511) and a collection box (512);
the top one side welding of dehydration box (51) has feeder hopper (511), just feeder hopper (511) just are to the below of guide plate (49), the bottom of dehydration box (51) is connected with collection box (512) through the pipeline, just collection box (512) are linked together through the connecting pipe with collection tank (2).
9. Use of a plant extraction device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
s1, driving two groups of extrusion grinding rollers (32) to rotate in an extrusion bracket (31) by starting an extrusion motor (34), and rolling plant rhizomes, so that juice in the plant rhizomes is initially squeezed and extracted;
s2, a breaking motor (42) is started to drive a cutting knife roller (47) and a breaking blade (44) to rotate in a breaking box (41), and the squeezed plant rhizomes can be cut and broken, so that fibers in the plant rhizomes are damaged, and juice in the plant rhizomes fully permeates and flows out;
s3, starting a dehydration motor (53) to drive a spiral dehydration auger (54) to rotate in a dehydration filter cylinder (55), so that crushed plant residues can be subjected to extrusion dehydration treatment, thorough separation of liquid residues is realized, and stock solution in plants can be fully extracted.
CN202410250905.8A 2024-03-06 2024-03-06 Plant extraction device and method Pending CN117818127A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202410250905.8A CN117818127A (en) 2024-03-06 2024-03-06 Plant extraction device and method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202410250905.8A CN117818127A (en) 2024-03-06 2024-03-06 Plant extraction device and method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN117818127A true CN117818127A (en) 2024-04-05

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20120105326A (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-09-25 강두석 Expression juice equipment
CN108855340A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-23 温州市飞博工程设计有限公司 A kind of preceding pretreatment unit of solid refuse transport
CN111361194A (en) * 2020-03-16 2020-07-03 阜阳市阜濛食品有限公司 Vegetable oil squeezing device and using method thereof
CN214137460U (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-09-07 新乡市天众机械制造有限公司 Double-screw squeezer with pre-crushing function
CN217164783U (en) * 2021-12-17 2022-08-12 新乡市先恒机械设备有限公司 Screw press
CN219769204U (en) * 2023-05-08 2023-09-29 河南帮太科技有限公司 Corn flake tablet press

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20120105326A (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-09-25 강두석 Expression juice equipment
CN108855340A (en) * 2018-06-21 2018-11-23 温州市飞博工程设计有限公司 A kind of preceding pretreatment unit of solid refuse transport
CN111361194A (en) * 2020-03-16 2020-07-03 阜阳市阜濛食品有限公司 Vegetable oil squeezing device and using method thereof
CN214137460U (en) * 2020-11-20 2021-09-07 新乡市天众机械制造有限公司 Double-screw squeezer with pre-crushing function
CN217164783U (en) * 2021-12-17 2022-08-12 新乡市先恒机械设备有限公司 Screw press
CN219769204U (en) * 2023-05-08 2023-09-29 河南帮太科技有限公司 Corn flake tablet press

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