CN108821440A - A kind of preparation method of the water plant turf using Stem section reproduction - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of the water plant turf using Stem section reproduction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108821440A
CN108821440A CN201810646644.6A CN201810646644A CN108821440A CN 108821440 A CN108821440 A CN 108821440A CN 201810646644 A CN201810646644 A CN 201810646644A CN 108821440 A CN108821440 A CN 108821440A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
turf
water
stem
reproduction
layer
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Pending
Application number
CN201810646644.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李珈语
刘浩
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Wuhan De Yi Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Wuhan De Yi Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810646644.6A priority Critical patent/CN108821440A/en
Publication of CN108821440A publication Critical patent/CN108821440A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of preparation method of water plant turf using Stem section reproduction, step is:1, autumn and winter selects rhizomes to prepare under greenhouse, and spring and summer season selects rhizomes or erect stern to prepare under open-air atmosphere;2, mud is uniformly laid in water container bottom;3, brood body spreading is formed into stem section layer on mud;4, braided fabric is covered on stem section layer, forms turf fixation layer;5, the injected clear water into water container floods turf fixation layer;6, water container is placed at no shading, and remains the depth of water;7, adventitious root is generated at the section of brood body to grow into mud downwards, be grown upwards from the grid of turf fixation layer with new stripping is generated at the constantly section of stem section, continue to keep in water container the depth of water 2-4 weeks later;8, successful turf will be grown to be implanted in required water area.This method is easy to operate, water plant high survival rate, solves the problems, such as present in water body macrophyte planting process.

Description

A kind of preparation method of the water plant turf using Stem section reproduction
Technical field
It is extensive to the present invention relates to the use of water plant improvement, beautification and improvement water body environment, eutrophy algae type lake or water body Rehydration gives birth to vegetation technique field, and in particular to a kind of preparation method of the water plant turf using Stem section reproduction.
Background technique
Aquatic vegetation especially submerged vegetation restores to have become the key of the water eutrophications such as China lake improvement, mesh It is preceding in the Practical Project of macrophyte planting, almost using largely acquiring water plant in natural lake water body, so The region for needing to restore aquatic vegetation is planted in using artificial single plant or Dan Cong afterwards.This method has the following disadvantages:1 pair natural The destruction of water body aquatic vegetation is huge, it is possible to lead to the decline or even extinction of natural water body aquatic vegetation;2 plantations and management Manpower needed for process is huge, and inefficiency, when especially planting under heavy water state;3 since plant acquired, is transported With the influence of the processes such as plantation, the vigor of water plant substantially reduced, and survival rate is low after plantation, it is difficult to which playing improves water body water The effect of matter.
Another in the work of current macrophyte planting through frequently with method be to a large amount of seeds can be generated Water plant directly acquires brood body or seed, and region need to be administered by, which being then seeded in, gives free rein to grow.Due to condition of water quality Limitation and water plant itself biological characteristics, these brood bodies are equally not achieved and control under often planting percent is very low Manage the effect of water body environment.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of water plants using Stem section reproduction The preparation method of turf, this method is easy to operate, water plant high survival rate, efficiently solves water body macrophyte planting mistake Variety of problems present in journey.
Realize that technical solution used by above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is:
A kind of preparation method of the water plant turf using Stem section reproduction, includes the following steps:
1, autumn and winter selects rhizomes to carry out turf preparation, spring and summer in greenhouse (being higher than 15 DEG C) as brood body Section, selects rhizomes or erect stern to carry out turf preparation under open-air atmosphere as brood body;
2, water container is taken, is uniformly laid with mud in water container bottom;
3, brood body spreading is formed into stem section layer on mud, making it intersect in netted;
4, one layer is covered on stem section layer and be woven into grid-shaped braided fabric with natural material, form turf fixation layer;
5, water is injected into water container, floods turf fixation layer, keeps turf fixation layer with headwater depth 5-10cm;
6, water container is placed at no shading, and remains turf fixation layer with headwater depth 5-10cm;
7, according to ambient temperature conditions, adventitious root is generated in 1-2 weeks, at the section of brood body and grows into mud downwards In, while generating new stripping at the section of stem section and being grown upwards from the grid of turf fixation layer, continue to keep the appearance that is filled with water later Turf fixation layer promotes root development and new stripping to generate in device with headwater depth 5-10cm 2-4 week;
8, successful turf will be grown to be implanted in required water area.
Further, the water plant using Stem section reproduction is potamogeton malaianus.
Further, water container is square, and the width of water container bottom is 25cm, length 25cm.
Further, mud with a thickness of 8-12cm.
Further, the length of brood body is not less than 5cm, and each brood body contains at least one section.
Further, the section density of stem section layer is at least 100/m2
Further, the natural material is cotton, fiber crops, thin bamboo strips used for weaving and/or rattan.
Further, the grid in braided fabric is square net, and size of mesh opening is 3 × 3mm-10 × 10mm, the thickness of braided fabric Degree is 0.1-0.5cm.
Compared with prior art, advantages and advantages of the invention are:
1, the large scale preparation of water plant turf may be implemented in this method, avoids breaking natural water body aquatic vegetation It is bad, it also can avoid the problem of the seedling deficiency frequently encountered in macrophyte planting engineering.
2, the turf of this method preparation, according to the depth conditions of water body and braided fabric quality used, can be adopted convenient for plantation It is colonized turf with the method being directly laid with, does not need underwater operation substantially, plantation efficiency is high, while expense will substantially reduce.
3, water plant high survival rate, especially water plant after being pre-processed using the water that need to restore water body Turf.
4, water plant turf has covering effect to the matrix of practical water body, advantageously reduces aqueous samples to water body item The influence of part.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail combined with specific embodiments below.
Embodiment 1
1, carry out the preparation of potamogeton malaianus turf by base of Wuhan Area, choose leaf of bamboo eye general annual May to October Sub- dish erect stern carries out turf preparation, and the rhizomes for choosing potamogeton malaianus annual November to second year April carries out turf preparation. By taking a collection of sod production in June, 2017 as an example, in acquisition on June 8 potamogeton malaianus erect stern, it is cut into the stem section of 5-8cm, often Stem section includes 1-2 section.
2, June 9 days, choose rectangular water container (various shape, the square container that is generally filled with water convenient for management, Unsuitable too small, the generally higher than 25 × 25cm of opening area2In order to operate), the width of water container bottom is 25cm, and length is 25cm, in water container bottom, uniform laying depth is 10cm mud;
3, erect stern spreading is formed into stem section layer, general every square metre has on mud, making it intersect in netted 100 are saved the requirement that can meet sod production, need turf faster, finer and close, can be by increasing potamogeton malaianus section Quantity is realized;
4, one layer being covered on stem section layer, the braided fabric latticed, with a thickness of 0.3cm that is square, grid are woven into the rope made of hemp Having a size of 0.5cm × 0.5cm, turf fixation layer is formed, light pressure makes mud, stem section layer and turf fixation layer fit together;
5, water is injected into water container, floods turf fixation layer, keeps turf fixation layer with headwater depth 10cm;
6, water container is placed at no shading, and remains turf fixation layer with headwater depth 10cm;
7, June 15 days, start at the section of erect stern to generate adventitious root and grow into mud downwards, with the section of constantly stem section Place starts to generate new stripping to be grown upwards from the grid of turf fixation layer, continue to keep in water container turf fixation layer with Headwater depth 10cm 4 weeks, potamogeton malaianus root development and new stripping is promoted to generate, so that plant is combined closely with fixation layer.
8, to July 15, the success of potamogeton malaianus turf grass growth, it is that potamogeton malaianus seedling is raw that turf, which develops successful mark, Long health, well developed root system and gos deep into the mud below turf fixation layer, potamogeton malaianus, turf fixation layer and and mud It is closely linked.This batch of turf preparation time is the normal growth phase of potamogeton malaianus, and erect stern high survival rate is more than 95%, newborn stripping density is more than 200 plants/m2.By production complete turf can with directly transplanting in required water area, or Person transplants again after carrying out further acclimatization culture to turf according to water body actual state, such as according to real work needs, according to According to the depth of water and transparency condition of the estimated planting area of aquatic vegetation, the container for filling turf is gradually placed in corresponding depth of water item Promote potamogeton malaianus elongation growth under part, until potamogeton malaianus grows into the water surface, or directly utilization from estimated water The Aquaponic potamogeton malaianus turf of raw vegetation planting area makes potamogeton malaianus turf adapt to the water body item to be finally colonized Part.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of preparation method of the water plant turf using Stem section reproduction, it is characterised in that include the following steps:
1.1, autumn and winter selects rhizomes to carry out turf preparation in the greenhouse as brood body, and spring and summer season selects rhizomes Or erect stern carries out turf preparation as brood body under open-air atmosphere;
1.2, water container is taken, is uniformly laid with mud in water container bottom;
1.3, brood body spreading is formed into stem section layer on mud, making it intersect in netted;
1.4, one layer is covered on stem section layer and be woven into grid-shaped braided fabric with natural material, form turf fixation layer;
1.5, water is injected into water container, floods turf fixation layer, keeps turf fixation layer with headwater depth 5-10cm;
1.6, water container is placed at no shading, and remains turf fixation layer with headwater depth 5-10cm;
1.7, adventitious root is generated in 1-2 weeks, at the section of brood body to grow into mud downwards, while being generated at the section of stem section New stripping is grown upwards from the grid of turf fixation layer, continue later keep water container in turf fixation layer with headwater depth 5-10cm 2-4 week promotes root development and new stripping to generate;
1.8, successful turf will be grown to be implanted in required water area.
2. the preparation method of the water plant turf according to claim 1 using Stem section reproduction, it is characterised in that:It is described The water plant using Stem section reproduction be potamogeton malaianus.
3. the preparation method of the water plant turf according to claim 1 using Stem section reproduction, it is characterised in that:It is filled with water Container is square, and the width of water container bottom is 25cm, length 25cm.
4. the preparation method of the water plant turf according to claim 1 using Stem section reproduction, it is characterised in that:Mud With a thickness of 8-12cm.
5. the preparation method of the water plant turf according to claim 1 using Stem section reproduction, it is characterised in that:Breeding The length of body is in 5-10cm, and each brood body contains at least one section.
6. the preparation method of the water plant turf according to claim 5 using Stem section reproduction, it is characterised in that:Stem section The section density of layer is 100-300/m2
7. the preparation method of the water plant turf according to claim 1 using Stem section reproduction, it is characterised in that:It is described Natural material be cotton, fiber crops, thin bamboo strips used for weaving and/or rattan.
8. the preparation method of the water plant turf according to claim 1 using Stem section reproduction, it is characterised in that:Braiding Grid in object is square net, and size of mesh opening is 3 × 3mm-10 × 10mm, braided fabric with a thickness of 0.1-0.5cm.
CN201810646644.6A 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 A kind of preparation method of the water plant turf using Stem section reproduction Pending CN108821440A (en)

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CN201810646644.6A CN108821440A (en) 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 A kind of preparation method of the water plant turf using Stem section reproduction

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810646644.6A CN108821440A (en) 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 A kind of preparation method of the water plant turf using Stem section reproduction

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1552642A (en) * 2003-12-18 2004-12-08 中国科学院武汉植物研究所 Preparing method for sod of tape grass
CN101347080A (en) * 2007-10-12 2009-01-21 仲恺农业技术学院 Method for planting novel non-substrate grass blanket
CN105265211A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-27 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 Submerged plant artificial turf cultivation system and cultivation transplanting method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1552642A (en) * 2003-12-18 2004-12-08 中国科学院武汉植物研究所 Preparing method for sod of tape grass
CN101347080A (en) * 2007-10-12 2009-01-21 仲恺农业技术学院 Method for planting novel non-substrate grass blanket
CN105265211A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-27 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所 Submerged plant artificial turf cultivation system and cultivation transplanting method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
陈煜初等: "《水生植物园林应用指南》", 31 May 2016, 华中科技大学出版社 *

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