CN108777020B - Bus slot machine capable of reducing workload - Google Patents

Bus slot machine capable of reducing workload Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108777020B
CN108777020B CN201810471527.0A CN201810471527A CN108777020B CN 108777020 B CN108777020 B CN 108777020B CN 201810471527 A CN201810471527 A CN 201810471527A CN 108777020 B CN108777020 B CN 108777020B
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China
Prior art keywords
paper
motor
coin
thin plate
plate
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CN201810471527.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108777020A (en
Inventor
张磊
李凌峰
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Nantong University
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Nantong University
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Priority to CN201610202298.3A priority Critical patent/CN105894647B/en
Priority to CN201810471527.0A priority patent/CN108777020B/en
Publication of CN108777020A publication Critical patent/CN108777020A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D11/00Devices accepting coins; Devices accepting, dispensing, sorting or counting valuable papers
    • G07D11/50Sorting or counting valuable papers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D3/00Sorting a mixed bulk of coins into denominations
    • G07D3/02Sorting coins by means of graded apertures
    • G07D3/04Sorting coins by means of graded apertures arranged on an inclined rail
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D3/00Sorting a mixed bulk of coins into denominations
    • G07D3/16Sorting a mixed bulk of coins into denominations in combination with coin-counting
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D9/00Counting coins; Handling of coins not provided for in the other groups of this subclass
    • G07D9/06Devices for stacking or otherwise arranging coins on a support, e.g. apertured plate for use in counting coins
    • G07D9/065Devices for wrapping coins

Abstract

The invention discloses a bus slot machine capable of reducing workload, which comprises a shell, wherein a paper and coin separating mechanism, a coin collecting mechanism, a paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism and a paper currency binding mechanism are arranged in the shell; the paper and coin separating mechanism, the coin collecting mechanism, the paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism and the paper currency wrapping mechanism are fixed on the shell wall plate. The coin separating and binding mechanism is reasonable in structure and convenient to use, and can separate, count and bind coins after passengers get on the bus and insert the coins, so that the workload of a bus driver is greatly reduced.

Description

Bus slot machine capable of reducing workload
The application is application number: 201610202298.3, filing date: 2016.4.5, entitled "automatic separating, counting, and paper money and coin binding slot machine for bus".
Technical Field
The invention relates to a slot machine.
Background
The coin machine on the bus at present function singleness, coin, paper currency are mixed together in a disorderly way, do not possess the function of categorised check, greatly increased the subsequent arrangement burden of public transit system to the coin. Although coin and paper currency counting mechanisms, coin sorting mechanisms and paper currency binding mechanisms are arranged in the market at present, if the paper currency and the coins are mixed together, the paper currency and the coins need to be separated and sorted manually, so that machines capable of sorting, counting and binding the coins and the paper currency comprehensively and automatically do not exist in the market at present.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a coin-freed machine which is used for automatically separating, counting and binding paper money and coins and is reasonable in structure and convenient to use.
The technical solution of the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides an automatic separation, check, wrap slot machines of paper currency, coin for bus which characterized by: the paper coin sorting machine comprises a shell, wherein a paper coin separating mechanism, a coin collecting mechanism, a paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism and a paper currency wrapping mechanism are arranged in the shell; the paper and coin separating mechanism, the coin collecting mechanism, the paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism and the paper currency wrapping mechanism are fixed on the shell wall plate;
the paper coin separating mechanism comprises a first hopper, a second hopper is connected below the first hopper, an inlet of the first hopper is a coin inlet, the width of the coin inlet is smaller than that of paper money, an outlet at the lower end of the second hopper is flat, coins are turned in the second hopper and uniformly fall vertically, and the coins can conveniently enter the sorting mechanism in the next step; a roller shaft for driving the paper money to move into the moving track and further enabling the paper money to enter the conveying mechanism is arranged behind the coin inlet of the first hopper;
the coin separating mechanism comprises a coin moving track formed by a plurality of thin plates, two trapezoidal holes with different heights are formed in the coin moving track, so that coins fall through the trapezoidal holes, and the coins with different face values are separated; the first hole is a pentagonal coin separating hole, and the height of the first hole is larger than the diameter of the pentagonal coin and smaller than the diameter of the first coin; the second hole is a unitary coin hole, and the height of the second hole is larger than the diameter of the unitary coin;
the coin collecting mechanism comprises a bottom plate, a sliding rail is fixed on the bottom plate, a rack and a thin plate are fixed on the sliding rail through bolts, a gear is fixed on a motor and enables the rack to be meshed with the gear, the motor is fixed on a motor support through bolts, and the motor support is fixed on the bottom plate; the cylinders for storing the unitary coins of the pentagonal coins are respectively placed on the thin plate, and the coins fall into the cylinders for storing the pentagonal coins and the unitary coins after being separated by the coin separating mechanism; when the number of coins in the cylinder reaches a certain value, the motor drives the rack to move forwards, the empty cylinder at the next position replaces the original position of the empty cylinder at the previous position, and when the coins are taken out, the motor rotates reversely to return the coins;
the paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism consists of a paper currency conveying mechanism and a paper currency leveling mechanism, wherein the paper currency conveying mechanism conveys paper currencies to the paper currency leveling mechanism, and the paper currency is leveled by the leveling mechanism; the paper money conveying mechanism comprises an upper layer thin plate and a lower layer thin plate, the upper layer thin plate is bonded with the heightening thin strip by glue, and the heightening thin strip is bonded with the lower layer thin plate, so that a space is formed between the upper layer thin plate and the lower layer thin plate for paper money to pass through; a gap for placing a rubber roller shaft is reserved on the upper layer thin plate, and the rubber roller shaft is driven by a motor to convey paper money;
the paper money leveling mechanism realizes leveling of paper money by using a connecting rod mechanism; the first connecting rod is connected with the second connecting rod through a heightening column, and a bolt is placed in the heightening column to lock the two connecting rods up and down; connecting the third connecting rod with the second connecting rod in the same way; the upper end of the connecting rod is bonded with a first thin plate, the lower end of the third connecting rod is bonded with a second thin plate, and the second thin plate is limited in the channel; a third thin plate is bonded at the upper end of the second connecting rod, and a fourth thin plate is bonded at the lower end of the second connecting rod; connecting the first connecting rod with the bottom plate by using the heightening column and the bolt, arranging a stepping motor below the bottom plate, and connecting the stepping motor with the second thin plate; the rotation of the connecting rod mechanism is driven by the back-and-forth movement of the stepping motor, in the operation process of the connecting rod mechanism, the second connecting rod, the third thin plate and the fourth thin plate realize the arrangement of two sides of paper money, and the third connecting rod and the first thin plate realize the front-and-back arrangement of the paper money; a tray capable of rotating up and down is placed at the front end of the bottom plate, the tray is connected with a motor, the motor is fixed at the bottom of the tray, the tray can support paper money when being in a horizontal position, and when the tray rotates to the lower part, the paper money is in a semi-suspended state to prepare for binding the next paper money; a pressing plate is arranged above the bottom plate, is connected with a stepping motor through a hexagonal stud and drives the pressing plate to move up and down through the up-and-down movement of the stepping motor; after finishing the paper money arrangement, the pressing plate descends to press the paper money; then, the tray rotates downwards, the paper money is bound by the binding mechanism, the pressing plate rises after the binding is finished, and the paper money slides to the bottom of the mechanism;
the paper money binding mechanism consists of a paper tape conveying mechanism, a winding mechanism and a heating and cutting device; the paper tape conveying mechanism mainly comprises a driving wheel, a driven wheel, a paper bag disc, a flange bearing and a diamond bearing; the driving wheel is installed on the left thin plate through a flange bearing, the driven wheel is installed on the right thin plate through a diamond bearing, the left thin plate and the right thin plate are connected together through a hexagonal column, a certain gap is reserved between the driving wheel and the driven wheel, and the paper tape is placed between the two wheels; the driving wheel is driven by a motor to realize forward and reverse rotation so as to pull the paper tape;
the winding mechanism comprises a mechanical arm, a clamping device is placed at the upper end of a mechanical arm main body, the mechanical arm main body is connected with the clamping device through an elastic body, and the upper end clamping device is in a relaxation state under the condition of no stress, so that a paper tape falls between the mechanical arm main body and the clamping device; the motor is fixed on the manipulator main body by bolts, a winding wheel is fixed at the shaft end of the motor, a fine wire is wound on the winding wheel, and the other end of the wire is wound on the clamping device, so that the relaxed clamping device can be pulled down when the motor runs to clamp the paper tape; the rear end of the manipulator is a square track, the hollow part in the middle of the square track is a motion section of the manipulator, the rear end of the square track is provided with a limiting channel, the track bearing is placed in the channel, and the track bearing is in threaded connection with the slide rail; the mechanical arm is fixed on the sliding rail through the mechanical arm main body by using a bolt, the sliding block is matched with the sliding rail to form a moving pair so as to provide a variable radius when the mechanical arm rotates, and the movement of the mechanical arm forms a square track so as to realize the winding of paper money; the sliding block is connected with the coupler through a bolt, and the main shaft is connected with the coupler through a bolt; the other end of the main shaft is connected with a motor by a coupler, and the motor operates to drive the main shaft to rotate; after the paper tape is clamped by the manipulator, the motor rotates to drive the main shaft to move, the sliding block, the sliding rail and the bearing are driven by the coupler, and the manipulator fixed on the sliding rail rotates to form a wrapping action that the manipulator winds the paper tape on a stack of paper money;
the heating and cutting device comprises a swinging disc, a heating mechanism and a lifting device; in the heating mechanism, a heating head and a cutter head are fixedly connected on a driving rod through threads, and the driving rod is arranged on a slide rail in the lifting device through a bolt; in the lifting device, the slide rail is connected with the rack through a bolt, and the gear motor is matched with the rack; the rack is driven by a motor gear to realize up-and-down motion; the gear motor is fixed on the vertical plate through the motor support and the cantilever beam structure;
the driving rod is of a hollow structure, and a sliding block and a spring are placed in the driving rod; the heating heads are positioned at two sides of the driving rod and connected through a sliding block; when the heating head touches the swinging disk, the upward movement is stopped due to the support of the swinging disk, and the driving rod and the cutter head continue to move upward to finish the action of cutting off the paper tape.
In the coin collecting mechanism, in order to prevent the thin plate from inclining, a raising plate is arranged at the lower end of the thin plate and fixed on a bottom plate.
In the paper currency flattening mechanism, a proper amount of filler is arranged between the third connecting rod and the second connecting rod so as to prevent paper currency from leaking from gaps.
In the paper money winding mechanism, a coupler consists of a coupler cover and a coupler main body, and the two parts are connected by bolts.
The coin separating and binding mechanism is reasonable in structure and convenient to use, and when a passenger gets on the bus and inserts coins, the coin separating, counting and binding mechanism can separate, count and bind the coins, so that the workload of a bus driver is greatly reduced.
The separation of paper currency and coin, check can be realized, and the coin of different face values can be separated. When the number of the coins reaches a certain value, the coins can be bound. The automatic separation, counting and binding are the main innovation points of the product, and no products of the type exist in China, so that the method has great popularization value.
For the separation of the banknotes from the coins, a special hopper mechanism is used. The coins fall through the hollowed-out part after entering, and the paper money is stably transited to the conveying mechanism.
The working principle of paper money leveling is combined based on a link mechanism. The link mechanism is driven by a stepping motor below the link mechanism, so that repeated extrusion action on paper money is ingeniously formed, and the paper money is leveled.
The paper money binding movement is completed by the mechanical arm and the inner cam mechanism together. The manipulator is controlled by a winding motor to clamp the paper tape. The manipulator is fixed on the slide rail of the inner cam mechanism, so that the manipulator can move along with the slide rail. One end of the sliding rail is limited in the square rail, the other end of the sliding rail and the sliding block form a moving pair, so that the sliding rail can also form rotary motion after the sliding block is driven by the motor, and a manipulator on the sliding rail forms a winding track to wrap paper money.
In the heating mechanism, the heating head is combined with the cutter head, and the heating head and the cutter head are moved relatively by using a spring and a slider. The space of the mechanism is saved and the control is simplified.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated by the following figures and examples.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the housing of the embodiment of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the paper coin separating mechanism.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the coin separating mechanism.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the coin collection mechanism.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the bill transfer mechanism.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the roller shaft installation.
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the note flattening mechanism.
Figure 9 is a schematic view of the construction of a banknote binding mechanism.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the tape transport mechanism.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of a transmission wheel assembly structure.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of the robot structure.
Fig. 13 is a front side view of the banknote winding mechanism.
Fig. 14 is a side rear view of the winding mechanism.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of a slipper coupling structure.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view of the structure of the thermal cut-off device.
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the heating mechanism and riser assembly.
Figure 18 is a schematic view of the internal structure and movement of the heating tip.
Detailed Description
A coin machine for automatically separating, counting and binding paper money and coins for a bus is composed of a paper coin separating mechanism, a coin collecting mechanism, a paper money conveying and leveling mechanism and a paper money binding mechanism, and is shown in figure 1. The paper coin separating mechanism is assembled on the plate 12.1 through bolts, the coin separating mechanism is assembled on the plate 12.2, the hard plate collecting mechanism is assembled on the plate 12.3, the paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism is assembled on the plate 12.2, and the paper currency wrapping mechanism is assembled on the plate 12.3 and the rear plate. The main body frame is fixedly connected and built by all transverse columns and the vertical columns, and shell wall plates of the paper and coin separating mechanism, the coin collecting mechanism, the paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism and the paper currency binding mechanism are fixedly connected to all the transverse columns and the vertical columns as shown in figure 2. When a passenger gets on the bus and inserts coins, the mechanism can separate, count and wrap the coins, and the workload of a bus driver is greatly reduced.
Paper coin separating mechanism:
to achieve separation of the banknotes from the coins, a hopper mechanism is provided at the entrance of the mechanism, as shown in fig. 3. The coins pass through the funnel 1.1, slide down from the hollow part and enter the funnel 1.2 below. The export of funnel 1.2 lower extreme is the platykurtic, and the coin takes place to turn to in funnel 1.2, and the coin of being convenient for gets into sorting mechanism on next step into vertical whereabouts in unison. Since the width of the bank notes is greater than the width of the cutouts, the bank notes pass through the funnel 1.1 in parallel and do not fall. When the paper money contacts the running roller shaft 1.3, the roller shaft 1.3 rotates to drive the paper money to enter a moving track formed by thin plates 1.4, so that the paper money enters the conveying mechanism. In the mechanism, a funnel 1.1 and a funnel 1.2 are respectively fixed on an outer thin plate 1.5 through bolts and a bracket. The roll shafts 1.3 are mounted on the sheet 1.5 by means of bearings.
Coin separating mechanism:
after passing through the hopper, the coins are directed vertically into a coin separating mechanism, as shown in fig. 4. The mechanism is mainly composed of four thin plates. Wherein the gap between the sheets 2.2 and 2.3 forms the movement path of the coin. The diameter of different face value coins is different, opens out two trapezoidal holes that highly differ according to this characteristic on outside sheet metal 2.1, makes the coin fall through fretwork department, realizes the separation of different face value coins. The first hole is a pentagonal separating hole, the height of the pentagonal separating hole is larger than the diameter of the pentagonal coin and smaller than the diameter of the unitary coin, so that after the pentagonal coin passes through the first hole, the upper end of the pentagonal separating hole lacks support and tends to incline outwards, and the pentagonal separating hole rebounds and falls down after hitting an upright post between the two holes. And the one-yuan coins can smoothly slide and cannot fall down. But it falls after passing through the unary separation hole and assuming the same motion state as the pentagonal motion. In this mechanism, the thin plates 2.2 and 2.3 are fixed to the thin plate 2.1 by bolts, respectively, and the other thin plate is fixed to the thin plates 2.2 and 2.3 by bolts. In this mechanism the preferred thickness of the sheets 2.2 and 2.3 is 2mm, slightly greater than the thickness of a single coin, 1.9 mm. If the thickness of the thin plates 2.2 and 2.3 is too large, the inclination angle of the coin is too large in the process of sliding down, so that the single coin slides out from the first trapezoidal hole.
Coin collection mechanism:
the coins are separated by the separating mechanism and then enter the coin collecting mechanism, as shown in fig. 5. The rack 3.3 and the thin plate 3.10 are fixed on the sliding rail 3.7 through bolts, and the sliding rail 3.7 is fixed on the bottom plate 3.9. The gear 3.4 is fixed on the motor 3.5, and the rack 3.3 is meshed with the gear 3.4. The motor 3.5 is fixed on the motor bracket 3.6 through a bolt, and the motor bracket is fixed on the bottom plate 3.9. To prevent the sheet 3.10 from tilting, a raised plate 3.8 is provided at its lower end and is fixed to the base plate 3.9. The cylinders 3.1 and 3.2 for storing coins are placed on the sheet 3.10. When the coins are separated by the sorting mechanism and fall into the cylinders 3.1 and 3.2, and the number of the coins in the cylinders reaches a certain value, the rack 3.3 is driven by the motor 3.5 to move forwards, and the empty cylinder at the next position replaces the empty cylinder at the previous position. When the coin is taken out, the motor rotates reversely to return the coin.
Paper currency conveying leveling mechanism:
the paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism consists of a paper currency conveying mechanism and a paper currency leveling mechanism, wherein the paper currency conveying mechanism conveys paper currency to the paper currency leveling mechanism, and the paper currency is leveled by the leveling mechanism.
Paper currency transport mechanism:
after passing through the separator hopper, the note enters the note transport mechanism, as shown in FIG. 6. Taking the first group as an example, the upper layer sheet 4.1 and the heightening strip 4.2 are bonded by glue, and the heightening strip 4.2 and the lower layer sheet 4.3 are bonded, so that a space is formed between the sheets 4.1 and 4.3 for allowing the paper money to pass through. A certain gap is left between the upper layer thin plates, a rubber roller shaft 4.41 is placed, and the roller shaft is driven by a motor to convey paper money. The roller shafts 4.41 are fitted with bearings which are placed in the side walls and mounted on the side walls with bearing caps, fig. 7. After the thin plate 4.3, the round angle mechanism 4.5 is placed for transition, so that the paper money can be conveyed smoothly. The fillet mechanism is fixed on the side plate through the heightening column and the bolt. When the roller shafts are installed, the excessive distance between the two roller shafts 4.41 and 4.42 is avoided, so that the paper money is stopped in the track due to the lack of conveying force during conveying. The roller 4.41 is engaged with the lower sheet 4.3 with a degree of tightness of engagement. Since the rubber roller shaft is elastically deformed, if the fit is too tight, the bill is hard to pass through the gap, and if the fit is too loose, the bill stays in the track.
Paper currency leveling mechanism:
the paper currency enters the leveling system after being conveyed by the conveying mechanism, and the paper currency leveling mechanism mainly utilizes a connecting rod mechanism to level the paper currency, as shown in figure 8. The connecting rod 5.1 and the connecting rod 5.6 are connected by a heightening column, and a bolt is placed in the heightening column to lock the two connecting rods up and down. In the same way, the connecting rod 5.2 is coupled with the connecting rod 5.6. A thin plate 5.4 is bonded to the upper end of the connecting rod 5.2, a thin plate 5.3 is bonded to the lower end of the connecting rod 5.2, and the thin plate 5.3 is limited in the channel as shown in the figure. The upper end of the connecting rod 5.6 is bonded with a thin plate 5.5, and the lower end is bonded with a thin plate 5.7. The connecting rod 5.1 is connected with the floor 5.11 by using the heightening column and the bolt, the stepping motor is arranged below the bottom plate, and the stepping motor is connected with the thin plate 5.3. The rotation of the link mechanism is driven by the back and forth movement of the stepping motor. In the operation process of the connecting rod mechanism, the connecting rod 5.6 and the thin plates 5.5 and 5.7 are used for realizing the arrangement of two sides of the paper money, and the connecting rod 5.2 and the thin plate 5.4 are used for realizing the arrangement of the paper money in the front and back directions. The tray 5.8 which can rotate up and down is arranged at the front end of the bottom plate 5.11 and is connected with a motor which is fixed at the bottom of the tray. When the tray is in a horizontal position, the support can be provided for paper money, and when the tray rotates to the lower part, the paper money is in a semi-suspended state to prepare for binding the next paper money. Above the base plate, a pressure plate 5.9 is placed as shown, which is connected to a stepper motor 5.10 by means of hexagonal studs. The up-and-down movement of the platen is driven by the up-and-down movement of the stepping motor. And after finishing the paper money arrangement, the pressing plate descends to press the paper money. And then, the tray rotates downwards, the paper money is bound by the binding mechanism, the pressing plate rises after the binding is finished, and the paper money slides to the bottom of the mechanism. The mechanism should be designed by paying attention to the positions of the connecting rod 5.1 and the fixed end of the bottom plate, and if the fixed end is far away from the connecting rod 5.2, dead points are easy to appear in the movement process of the connecting rod or the connecting rod cannot be driven due to the fact that the pressure angle is too small, so that the mechanism is blocked. An appropriate amount of filler should be placed between the connecting rods 5.2 and 5.6 to prevent the paper money from leaking through the gap.
The paper money binding mechanism comprises:
and when the paper money leveling is finished, the binding mechanism starts to operate. The paper money binding mechanism is composed of a paper tape conveying mechanism, a winding mechanism and a heating cutting device, and is shown in figure 9. The paper tape conveying mechanism and the winding mechanism are respectively fixed on a vertical plate at the rear through angle irons, and the heating device is fixed on the bottom plate.
Paper tape transport mechanism:
mainly comprises a driving wheel 7.1, a driven wheel 7.2, a paper bag disc, a flange bearing 7.3 and a diamond bearing 7.4, as shown in figure 10. The driving wheel 7.1 is mounted on the thin plate 7.5 through a flange bearing 7.3, the driven wheel 7.2 is mounted on the thin plate 7.6 through a diamond bearing 7.4, and the thin plates 7.5 and 7.6 are connected together through a hexagonal column, as shown in figure 11. A certain gap is left between the two wheels, and the paper tape is arranged between the two wheels. The driving wheel 7.1 is driven by a motor to realize positive and negative rotation, so that the paper tape is pulled. The motor is fixed on the vertical plate by using a motor support and a bolt, and the motor is connected with the driving shaft 7.1 by adopting a coupler.
Winding mechanism:
the paper web is transferred by the transfer mechanism to the winding mechanism of fig. 13, 14, which first clamps the paper web by the robot means. The relevant actions are: when the paper tape falls for a certain length, a winding motor on the manipulator operates to tighten the connecting lines at the two ends of the manipulator, so that the manipulator is closed to clamp the paper tape. As shown in fig. 12, the clamping device 8.2 is placed on the upper end of the manipulator main body 8.1, the manipulator main body 8.1 and the clamping device 8.2 are connected by an elastic body, and the upper end clamping device is in a relaxation state under the condition of not bearing force, so that the paper tape falls between the manipulator main body 8.1 and the clamping device 8.2. The motor 8.5 is fixed on the manipulator main body 8.1 by bolts, and a winding wheel is fixed at the shaft end of the motor 8.5. The winding wheel is wound with a thin wire, and the other end of the wire is wound on the clamping device 8.2, so that the relaxed clamping device can be pulled down when the motor runs, and the paper tape can be clamped by the relaxed clamping device.
As shown in fig. 14, the rear end of the manipulator is a rectangular track 9.4, and the middle hollow part is the motion section of the manipulator. And a limiting channel is arranged at the rear end of the square track. The track bearing 9.1 is placed in the channel, and the track bearing 9.1 is connected with the sliding rail 9.2 through threads. The manipulator is fixed on the sliding rail 9.2 through the manipulator main body 8.1 by using a bolt, and the sliding block and the sliding rail are matched to form a sliding pair so as to provide variable radius when the manipulator rotates. The movement of the mechanical arm forms a square track to realize the winding of the paper money. The slide block 9.3 is connected with the coupler 9.6 through bolts, and the main shaft 9.5 is connected with the coupler 9.6 through bolts. The other end of the main shaft 9.5 is connected with a motor by a coupler, and the motor operates to drive the main shaft to rotate. After the paper tape is clamped by the manipulator, the motor rotates to drive the main shaft 9.5 to move, the sliding block 9.3, the sliding rail 9.2, the bearing 9.1 and the manipulator fixed on the sliding rail 9.2 are driven to rotate through the coupler 9.6, and the wrapping action that the manipulator winds the paper tape on a stack of paper money is formed. In fact, when the above movement is considered that the square rail 9.4 rotates and the slide rail does not rotate, the slide rail 9.2 and the like move back and forth with respect to the cam center to form cam transmission, and therefore the main shaft 9.5, the coupling 9.6, the square rail 9.4, the slide rail 9.2 and the slider 9.3 substantially constitute an inner cam mechanism.
The coupling consists of a coupling cover 10.1 and a coupling body 10.2, as shown in fig. 15. The two parts are connected by bolts, a hole at the right side in the figure is used for placing a main shaft, and a threaded hole is formed at the left side and used for connecting a sliding block, so that the main shaft drives the slider-crank mechanism.
A heating and cutting device:
after the paper tape is wound, the swinging plate descends, meanwhile, the heating and cutting device located below the swinging plate ascends to heat and bond the paper tape, and after the paper tape is bonded, the cutter head cuts off the paper tape, so that the wrapping is completed. The heating and cutting device mainly comprises a swinging plate, a heating mechanism and a lifting device, as shown in figure 16.
In the heating mechanism, the heating mechanism 11.1 and the cutter head 11.2 are fixed on the active rod 11.3 through threaded connection, and the active rod 11.3 is installed on the slide rail 11.4 in the lifting device through bolts, as shown in fig. 17. In the lifting device, a slide rail 11.4 is connected with a rack 11.5 through a bolt, and a gear motor 11.6 is matched with the rack 11.5. The rack 11.5 is driven by a motor gear 11.6 to realize up-and-down movement. The gear motor 11.6 is fixed on the vertical plate through the motor support and the cantilever beam structure.
The active rod 11.3 is of a hollow structure, and a sliding block 11.7 and a spring 11.8 are placed in the active rod. As shown in fig. 18, the heating heads 11.1 are located at both sides of the active rod and connected by the sliding blocks 11.7. After the heating head 11.1 touches the swinging disc, the upward movement is stopped due to the support of the swinging disc, and the driving rod 11.3 and the cutter head 11.2 continue to move upward to finish the action of cutting off the paper tape. After the wrapping action is finished, all mechanisms reset.
Software system
The whole system can be basically divided into the following tasks:
(1) and controlling a slide rail motor. When the coins in the cylinder reach a certain value, the motor starts to work to drive the cylinder to move forwards, and the empty cylinder at the next position replaces the position of the full coin cylinder. The driving unary and pentagonal motors work independently and do not interfere with each other. When the coin is removed, the motor is reversed to return the drum to the initial position.
(2) Coin detection sensor. When the coin falls down through the separation, the sensor detects and counts the coin.
(3) A roll shaft motor is controlled. When the machine starts to work, the three roll shaft motors work simultaneously. When the number of paper money at the collating device reaches a certain number, the three motors are stopped simultaneously.
(4) And controlling the sorting and pressing down of the stepping motor. When a certain number of paper money single knives are arranged at the arranging mechanism, the arranging stepping motor operates to drive the arranging device to arrange the paper money. After finishing the sorting, the stepping motor is pressed down to operate, and paper money is pressed.
(5) Controlling the paper tape motor. And after finishing the paper money arrangement, driving the binding paper tape to fall.
(6) And controlling a manipulator motor. When the paper tape falls behind, the manipulator is driven to grasp the paper tape.
(7) Controlling a slider motor. The slide block mechanism is driven, so that the manipulator realizes the rotation movement of the paper money.
(8) And controlling a wobble plate motor. The falling of the swinging plate is realized, and the falling position of the swinging plate is accurate.
(9) And controlling a heating head motor. After the swinging plate reaches the designated position, the heating head is driven to ascend, and the heating function of the paper tape is realized.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a alleviate slot machines for bus of work load which characterized by: the paper coin sorting machine comprises a shell, wherein a paper coin separating mechanism, a coin collecting mechanism, a paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism and a paper currency wrapping mechanism are arranged in the shell; the paper and coin separating mechanism, the coin collecting mechanism, the paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism and the paper currency wrapping mechanism are fixed on the shell wall plate;
the paper coin separating mechanism comprises a first funnel 1.1, a second funnel (1.2) is connected below the first funnel, an inlet of the first funnel is a coin inlet, the width of the coin inlet is smaller than that of paper money, an outlet at the lower end of the second funnel is flat, coins are turned in the second funnel and uniformly fall vertically, and the coins can conveniently enter the sorting mechanism in the next step; a roller shaft (1.3) which drives the paper money to move into a moving track and further enables the paper money to enter a conveying mechanism is arranged behind a coin inlet of the first hopper (1.1);
the coin separating mechanism comprises a coin moving track formed by a plurality of thin plates, two trapezoidal holes with different heights are formed in the coin moving track, so that coins fall through the trapezoidal holes, and the coins with different face values are separated; the first hole is a pentagonal coin separating hole, and the height of the first hole is larger than the diameter of the pentagonal coin and smaller than the diameter of the first coin; the second hole is a unitary coin hole, and the height of the second hole is larger than the diameter of the unitary coin;
the coin collecting mechanism comprises a bottom plate (3.9), a sliding rail (3.7) is fixed on the bottom plate, a rack (3.3) and a thin plate (3.10) are fixed on the sliding rail through bolts, a gear (3.4) is fixed on a first motor (3.5) and enables the rack to be meshed with the gear, the first motor (3.5) is fixed on a motor support (3.6) through bolts, and the motor support is fixed on the bottom plate; cylinders (3.1) and (3.2) for storing the pentagonal coins and the unitary coins are respectively arranged on the thin plate (3.10), and when the coins are separated by the coin separating mechanism, the coins fall into the cylinders for storing the pentagonal coins and the unitary coins; when the number of coins in the cylinder reaches a certain value, the rack is driven by the first motor to move forwards, the empty cylinder at the next position replaces the original position of the empty cylinder at the previous position, and when the coins are taken out, the first motor rotates reversely to return;
the paper currency conveying and leveling mechanism consists of a paper currency conveying mechanism and a paper currency leveling mechanism, wherein the paper currency conveying mechanism conveys paper currencies to the paper currency leveling mechanism, and the paper currency is leveled by the leveling mechanism; the paper money conveying mechanism comprises an upper layer thin plate (4.1) and a lower layer thin plate (4.3), the upper layer thin plate is bonded with the heightening thin strip (4.2) by glue, and the heightening thin strip is bonded with the lower layer thin plate, so that a space is formed between the upper layer thin plate (4.1) and the lower layer thin plate (4.3) for paper money to pass through; a gap for placing the rubber roller shaft (4.41) is reserved on the upper layer thin plate, and the rubber roller shaft (4.41) is driven by a second motor to convey the paper money;
the paper money leveling mechanism realizes leveling of paper money by using a connecting rod mechanism; the first connecting rod (5.1) is connected with the second connecting rod (5.6) by a heightening column, and a bolt is placed in the heightening column to lock the two connecting rods up and down; in the same way, the third connecting rod (5.2) is connected with the second connecting rod (5.6); a first thin plate (5.4) is bonded at the upper end of the third connecting rod (5.2), a second thin plate (5.3) is bonded at the lower end of the third connecting rod (5.2), and the second thin plate (5.3) is limited in the channel; a third thin plate (5.5) is bonded at the upper end of the second connecting rod (5.6), and a fourth thin plate (5.7) is bonded at the lower end; the first connecting rod (5.1) is connected with the bottom plate by using the heightening column and the bolt, a stepping motor is arranged below the bottom plate, and the stepping motor is connected with the second thin plate (5.3); the rotation of the link mechanism is driven by the back-and-forth movement of the stepping motor, in the operation process of the link mechanism, the arrangement of two sides of paper money is realized by the second link (5.6), the third thin plate (5.5) and the fourth thin plate (5.7), and the arrangement of the paper money back and forth is realized by the third link (5.2) and the first thin plate (5.4); a tray (5.8) capable of rotating up and down is placed at the front end of the bottom plate, the tray is connected with a third motor, the third motor is fixed at the bottom of the tray, when the tray is in a horizontal position, the tray can support paper money, and when the tray rotates to the lower side, the paper money is in a semi-suspended state and is ready for binding the next paper money; a pressure plate (5.9) is arranged above the bottom plate, is connected with a stepping motor (5.10) through a hexagonal stud and drives the pressure plate to move up and down through the up-and-down movement of the stepping motor; after finishing the paper money arrangement, the pressing plate descends to press the paper money; then, the tray rotates downwards, the paper money is bound by the binding mechanism, the pressing plate rises after the binding is finished, and the paper money slides to the bottom of the mechanism;
the paper money binding mechanism consists of a paper tape conveying mechanism, a winding mechanism and a heating and cutting device; the paper tape conveying mechanism mainly comprises a driving wheel (7.1), a driven wheel (7.2), a paper bag disc, a flange bearing (7.3) and a diamond bearing (7.4); the driving wheel (7.1) is installed on the left thin plate (7.5) through a flange bearing (7.3), the driven wheel (7.2) is installed on the right thin plate (7.6) through a diamond bearing (7.4), the left thin plate (7.5) and the right thin plate (7.6) are connected together through a hexagonal column, a certain gap is reserved between the driving wheel and the driven wheel, and the paper tape is placed between the two wheels; the driving wheel (7.1) is driven by a fourth motor to realize forward and reverse rotation so as to pull the paper tape;
the winding mechanism comprises a mechanical hand, a clamping device (8.2) is placed at the upper end of a mechanical hand main body (8.1), the mechanical hand main body (8.1) is connected with the clamping device (8.2) through an elastic body, and the clamping device at the upper end is in a relaxation state under the condition of no stress, so that a paper tape falls between the mechanical hand main body (8.1) and the clamping device (8.2); a fifth motor (8.5) is fixed on the manipulator main body (8.1) by a bolt, a winding wheel is fixed at the shaft end of the fifth motor (8.5), a fine wire is wound on the winding wheel, the other end of the wire is wound on a clamping device (8.2), and when the fifth motor operates, the relaxed clamping device can be pulled down to clamp a paper tape; the rear end of the manipulator is provided with a square rail (9.4), a hollow part in the middle of the square rail (9.4) is a motion section of the manipulator, the rear end of the square rail is provided with a limiting channel, a track bearing (9.1) is placed in the channel, and the track bearing (9.1) is connected with a slide rail (9.2) by threads; the mechanical arm is fixed on the sliding rail (9.2) through a mechanical arm main body (8.1) by a bolt, and the sliding block (9.3) is matched with the sliding rail to form a moving pair so as to provide a variable radius when the mechanical arm rotates, so that the movement of the mechanical arm forms a square track to realize the winding of paper money; the sliding block (9.3) is connected with the coupling (9.6) through a bolt, and the main shaft (9.5) is connected with the coupling (9.6) through a bolt; the other end of the main shaft (9.5) is connected with a sixth motor by a coupler, and the sixth motor operates to drive the main shaft to rotate; after the paper tape is clamped by the manipulator, the sixth motor rotates to drive the main shaft (9.5) to move, the sliding block (9.3), the sliding rail (9.2), the bearing (9.1) and the manipulator fixed on the sliding rail (9.2) are driven by the coupler (9.6) to rotate, and the wrapping action that the manipulator winds the paper tape on a stack of paper money is formed;
the heating and cutting device comprises a swinging disc, a heating mechanism and a lifting device; in the heating mechanism, a heating head (11.1) and a cutter head (11.2) are fixed on a driving rod (11.3) through threaded connection, and the driving rod (11.3) is arranged on a slide rail (11.4) in a lifting device through a bolt; in the lifting device, a sliding rail (11.4) is connected with a rack (11.5) through a bolt, and a gear motor (11.6) is matched with the rack (11.5); the rack (11.5) is driven by a gear motor (11.6) to realize up-and-down movement; the gear motor (11.6) is fixed on the vertical plate through the motor support and the cantilever beam structure;
the driving rod (11.3) is of a hollow structure, and a sliding block (11.7) and a spring (11.8) are placed in the driving rod; the heating heads (11.1) are positioned at two sides of the driving rod and connected through a sliding block (11.7); when the heating head (11.1) touches the swinging disc, the upward movement is stopped due to the support of the swinging disc, and the driving rod (11.3) and the cutter head (11.2) continue to move upward to finish the action of cutting off the paper tape;
in the paper currency flattening mechanism, a filler is arranged between a third connecting rod and a second connecting rod to prevent paper currency from leaking from gaps;
in the paper money winding mechanism, a coupler consists of a coupler cover and a coupler main body, and the two parts are connected by bolts.
2. A workload-reducing bus slot machine according to claim 1, wherein: in the coin collecting mechanism, in order to prevent the thin plate (3.10) from inclining, a raising plate (3.8) is arranged at the lower end of the thin plate (3.10) and fixed on a bottom plate (3.9).
CN201810471527.0A 2016-04-05 2016-04-05 Bus slot machine capable of reducing workload Active CN108777020B (en)

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CN201810471208.XA Active CN108734844B (en) 2016-04-05 2016-04-05 Convenient to use's slot machines for bus
CN201610202298.3A Expired - Fee Related CN105894647B (en) 2016-04-05 2016-04-05 The slot machine used for buses be automatically separated, check, wrapping up bank note, coin
CN201810471526.6A Active CN108665612B (en) 2016-04-05 2016-04-05 Space-saving coin-feed machine for bus
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CN201810471526.6A Active CN108665612B (en) 2016-04-05 2016-04-05 Space-saving coin-feed machine for bus
CN201810471303.XA Pending CN108806056A (en) 2016-04-05 2016-04-05 Coin-feed machine for bus reasonable for structure

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CN105894647B (en) 2018-06-22
CN108665612B (en) 2021-08-31
CN105894647A (en) 2016-08-24
CN108734844B (en) 2020-05-19
CN108806056A (en) 2018-11-13
CN108665612A (en) 2018-10-16
CN108734844A (en) 2018-11-02

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