CN105303684A - Bus coin arrangement device - Google Patents

Bus coin arrangement device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105303684A
CN105303684A CN201510739652.1A CN201510739652A CN105303684A CN 105303684 A CN105303684 A CN 105303684A CN 201510739652 A CN201510739652 A CN 201510739652A CN 105303684 A CN105303684 A CN 105303684A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
coin
bank note
conveyor belt
square
belt
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510739652.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张黎骅
王锐
李冉
王皓
董成烨
韩玖胜
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四川农业大学
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Application filed by 四川农业大学 filed Critical 四川农业大学
Priority to CN201510739652.1A priority Critical patent/CN105303684A/en
Publication of CN105303684A publication Critical patent/CN105303684A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a bus coin arrangement device, belonging to the public mechanic designing field. The bus coin arrangement device comprises a rack, a bank note arrangement mechanism fixed on the rack, a coin separating mechanism and a guiding collection mechanism; for the wrinkled bank note, a set square and a delivery belt execute mutual pressure on the wrinkled bank note to perform expanding processing, the bank note is expanded along the set square, the arrangement and collection are performed on the bank note on the premise that the bank note is not taken out, and then the expanded bank note enters a containing box by utilizing an arc blade of a guiding collection mechanism; for the coins, various classifications and collections can be performed according to the face values of the coins, and the coins can be quickly separated and arranged. After expansion, the bank note is not only compressed and flattened and is also arranged and collected. The compression and collection for the initial expanded bank note can be realized through the cooperation of the guiding collection mechanism. The whole bus coin arrangement device can solve the problem which cannot be solved by the normal currency counting device, realizes the fast and efficient arrangement of the bank notes, and lightens the bank note arrangement burden of the public transport industry.

Description

A kind of coin collating unit used for buses
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of coin collating unit used for buses, belong to public mechanical design field.
Background technology
Along with the development of society, the increasing social activities of people contacts with financial industry, such as bank, exchange etc., and the money flow of these financial industry every days is many, and amount is large, can unify to arrange with paper money counter, facilitates the coin management in industry.But in public transport company, counting out money but is a great problem, due to the singularity of public transit trade, his coin is mostly unitary currency and coins, cannot carry out automatic arranging by sophisticated machine such as existing paper money counters, needs manually to carry out collating sort, do like this, not only waste time and energy, also dangerous health.The income that public transport company every day is up to ten thousand, all need arrange every day, so great workload, if cause honest jump to complete on time because of human factor on time, then may have influence on the profit situation of public transport company, this negative effect caused company is apparent.And coin in the process of circulation through in many ways circulating, be with many bacteriums, both dangerous.In the face of a yuan note of a pile, the workman that counts out money needs band to muzzle, but still cannot avoid this problem of safety.So we think that developing one can replace the integral type machine meaning of manual sorting coin very great, to this, we have passed through extensive investigation, we recognize that there are strong desire in many public transport companies, wish that a kind of coin for this public transit trade can be had to arrange machinery to be occurred, can alleviate their workload like this, replace the arrangement that manually counts out money simultaneously by machine, also effectively can promote the work efficiency of public transport company, the development for public transit trade will exert far reaching influence.
For this problem, we determine to utilize professional knowledge, design a kind of coin for public transit trade and arrange machinery.Recognize many existing paper money counters, find that they cannot arrange the coin of public transport company, its basic reason is that the bank note of public transit trade tanglewracks mostly, and existing paper money counter or arrange machinery limited to the recognition capability of coin, generally can only identify the bank note of 100 yuan of amounts, require higher to the clean and tidy degree of bank note simultaneously, as curling in occurred, the coin of gauffer cannot arrange, even also there will be and block machine, coin is caused to the adverse consequencess such as damage, so not only can not mechanically play the effect of raising the efficiency, the speed of paper money arrangement can be reduced on the contrary, this is caused to unnecessary loss.The advantage of this mechanical invention is exactly the shortcoming overcoming existing paper money counter, arranges again and collects, can not cause damage again simultaneously to bank note after realizing launching fold or curling bank note.As you know in coin arrangement process, because coin is papery, made of soft, very thin thickness, bad applying pressure, so not easily arrange, our integral type machine adopts cylinder to drive the mode of belt to carry out friction to bank note and drives, due to flexibility and the higher friction factor of belt, larger friction force can be provided to bank note, the expansion action to bank note after convenient under the prerequisite not damaging bank note, can compacting after expansion, and then polymerization is collected, and reaches the object of alternative manual sorting.In addition, separation for coin arranges also special processing mechanism, the diameter of coin is utilized directly to screen, structure is simple, but efficiency is high, be combined in a machine intimate with bank note separate section, can be played the two and carry out simultaneously, can not lower efficiency each other, many spaces can also be saved.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present invention is: for above-mentioned Problems existing, a kind of coin collating unit used for buses is provided, overcome the shortcoming of existing paper money counter, arrange again after realization launches fold or curling bank note and collect, damage can not be caused to bank note again simultaneously, utilize the characteristic of the flexibility of transmission belt and higher friction factor, under not damaging the prerequisite of bank note, provide larger friction force to bank note, to the expansion of bank note, compacting, collection, and then alternative manual sorting.In addition, separation for coin arranges also special processing mechanism, the diameter of coin is utilized directly to screen, structure is simple, but efficiency is high, be combined in a machine intimate with bank note separate section, can be played the two and carry out simultaneously, can not lower efficiency each other, many spaces can also be saved.Machine intimate is utilized to connect compact structure, bank note can be delivered to ensuing processing section by travelling belt, the similar the flow work of overall flow, this overall flow of paper money arrangement is separately become multiple movable part, just bank note easily can be launched and carry out finishing collecting, facilitate staff directly to take out.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
The invention discloses a kind of coin collating unit used for buses, comprise frame and the paper money arrangement mechanism be fixed in frame, coin separator structure and guiding collecting mechanism;
Paper money arrangement mechanism comprises the lower fold development mechanism and upper fold development mechanism mutually accepted; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth lower set square of the axis of rolling, lower conveyor belt and upper surface, and lower set square is located on the downside of upper conveyor belt, and the distance of lower set square dual-side to increase and by pine to being close to tight upper conveyor belt along the direction of transfer of upper conveyor belt; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth upper set square of belt pulley, back shaft, lower conveyor belt and lower surface, belt pulley is for driving travelling belt, upper set square is located at above lower conveyor belt, back shaft supports lower conveyor belt and is adjacent to set square, and the distance of upper set square dual-side increases along the direction of transfer of lower conveyor belt;
Coin separator structure comprises Coin sideway and Coin storage box, and Coin sideway length direction and Width all tilt; At multiple through holes that Coin sideway length direction is provided with, the aperture of this through hole is corresponding with the coin of different denominations and increase along Coin sideway, and through hole is located at the low side of Coin sideway width position; Vertically arrange Coin storage box below through hole, the bottom of Coin storage box is provided with coin exit;
Guide collecting mechanism to be located at paper money arrangement mechanism exit, comprise leader and collection part; Leader comprises flabellum base and guides flabellum, guides flabellum be located at lower conveyor belt end and put into collection part after bank note dextrorotation being turn 90 degrees, and this guiding flabellum is connected with top motor by belt; Collection unit is divided and is comprised bank note containing box, expansion link, shift fork travelling belt and shifting fork mechanism; Expansion link is used for the bottom of opening and closing bank note containing box, and shift fork travelling belt is located at below bank note containing box, shift fork travelling belt is provided with the shifting fork mechanism arranged side by side with bank note containing box; This shifting fork mechanism is for clamping and the bank note in compacting bank note receiver; Shift fork travelling belt connects below motor.
Further, the described axis of rolling, belt pulley and back shaft are spindle-type; The middle part of upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt is protruding.
Further, in undertaking place of fold development mechanism and upper fold development mechanism, partly overlapping of upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt.
Further, the base length of described upper set square and lower set square is not less than the width of unitary rmb paper currency.
Further, the slanted angle of described Coin sideway length direction and horizontal direction is 25-35 degree; The slanted angle 5-10 degree of Coin sideway Width and horizontal direction.
Further, disinfecting mechanism and heating arrangements is provided with in described frame, this disinfecting mechanism comprises atomizer, solenoid valve, acetic acid tank, this acetic acid is canned has concentration to be the acetic acid of 30-44%, atomizer has flat nozzle, atomizer is arranged on above upper conveyor belt or below lower conveyor belt, and atomizer is used for evenly spraying acetic acid to the Width of upper conveyor belt or lower conveyor belt, then spreads upon on Renminbi by travelling belt by acetic acid; Pressure in acetic acid tank is 30-50kpa; Heating arrangement comprises the well heater be arranged on set square or lower set square.
Due to said structure, after bank note enters machine, bank note enters and mutually to be compressed by upper conveyor belt and lower set square afterwards, and bank note can be pushed down to tight by pine by lower set square front kick up gradually, and more and more wider by the both sides of lower set square, the gauffer on both sides below bank note is strutted gradually, rear next part is delivered to again by travelling belt, and then the fold flattening section below bank note, according to above method, equally the fold above bank note is flattened; At the guiding collecting mechanism that the end of lower conveyor belt is arranged, the bank note being in top is allowed to enter in bottom-right bank note containing box smoothly, in the smooth interface guiding flabellum, bank note can be allowed to slide in the working range of flabellum base, under the drive of flabellum base motor up, turn clockwise, due to the flabellum radian of flabellum base, can by bank note degree of turning clockwise, and fall into bank note containing box along with the rotation of blade.Now expansion link place separating mechanism is in elongation state, is received in by bank note in bank note containing box.In order to take out convenient for paper money arrangement further, shape and the coin size of bank note containing box meet, to a certain extent the specification state of coin, the taking-up after facilitating.Its coin separator structure, coin enters separating mechanism, uniformly accelerated motion is done by gravity effect in Coin sideway, because there is the hole of different size on Coin sideway, and aperture is all positioned at inner side, and Coin sideway also slopes inwardly, guide coin to lean on the inner slide of coin slide rail along it, and entered the aperture corresponding with coin value; Further fall into Coin storage box; Insert coin and so forth, when the number of coins in receiver be increased to a certain amount of after, the coin exit bottom receiver will be affected by gravity and open, and now can take out coin.
Further, its coin clearing system comprises:
Control module, comprises controller;
Paper money arrangement unit, comprises paper money arrangement mechanism, and paper money arrangement mechanism comprises the lower fold development mechanism and upper fold development mechanism mutually accepted; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth lower set square of the axis of rolling, lower conveyor belt and upper surface, and lower set square is located on the downside of upper conveyor belt, and the distance of lower set square dual-side to increase and by pine to being close to tight upper conveyor belt along the direction of transfer of upper conveyor belt; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth upper set square of belt pulley, back shaft, lower conveyor belt and lower surface, belt pulley is for driving travelling belt, upper set square is located at above lower conveyor belt, back shaft supports lower conveyor belt and is adjacent to set square, and the distance of upper set square dual-side increases along the direction of transfer of lower conveyor belt; The length on the base of upper set square and lower set square is 63-65mm; The axis of rolling, belt pulley and back shaft are spindle-type, make the middle part of upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt protruding, and then make the middle part pressure of upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt be greater than the pressure of both sides;
Bank note guidance unit, comprises guiding collecting mechanism, and this guiding collecting mechanism is located at paper money arrangement mechanism exit, comprises leader and collection part; Leader comprises flabellum base and guides flabellum, and this guiding flabellum is located at lower conveyor belt end and is guided flabellum to put into collection part after bank note dextrorotation being turn 90 degrees, and this guiding flabellum connects top motor by belt; Collection unit is divided and is comprised bank note containing box, expansion link, shift fork travelling belt and shifting fork mechanism; Expansion link is used for the bottom of opening and closing bank note containing box, and shift fork travelling belt is located at below bank note containing box, shift fork travelling belt is provided with the shifting fork mechanism arranged side by side with bank note containing box; This shifting fork mechanism is for clamping and the bank note in compacting bank note receiver; Shift fork travelling belt connects below motor; The end of upper conveyor belt is provided with antiseized connected device, and this antiseized connected device and upper conveyor belt are adjacent to and for avoiding the adhesion between bank note and upper conveyor belt;
Coin separative element, comprises coin separator structure, coin separator structure this comprise Coin sideway and Coin storage box, the slanted angle of this Coin sideway length direction and surface level is the slanted angle 5-10 degree of 25-35 degree and Width and surface level; At multiple through holes that Coin sideway length direction is provided with, the aperture of this through hole is corresponding with the coin of different denominations and increase along Coin sideway, and through hole is located at the low side of Coin sideway width position; Vertically arrange Coin storage box below through hole, the bottom of Coin storage box is provided with coin exit; Described Coin sideway length direction;
Disinfection unit, comprise disinfecting mechanism and heating arrangements, this disinfecting mechanism comprises atomizer, solenoid valve, acetic acid tank, this acetic acid is canned has concentration to be the acetic acid of 30-44%, atomizer has flat nozzle, atomizer is arranged on above upper conveyor belt or below lower conveyor belt, and atomizer is used for evenly spraying acetic acid to the Width of upper conveyor belt or lower conveyor belt, then spreads upon on Renminbi by travelling belt by acetic acid; Pressure in acetic acid tank is 30-50kpa; Heating arrangement comprises the well heater be arranged on set square or lower set square;
Control module is connected with paper money arrangement unit, bank note guidance unit, coin separative element and disinfection unit respectively and controls a unit respectively.
Due to said system, can be separated with the coin of each face amount the bank note of unitary fast, smooth bank note is pleasantly surprised, smooth and collect sterilization, integrated design, follow-up workload can be reduced, alleviate the pollution of work simultaneously, Renminbi is carried out disinfection, effectively ensure that personal safety and health, can to Novel sterilizing in the arrangement process of people's Renminbi, ensure that the work between unit does not conflict, avoid the logic error set, ensure that and coin is carried out disinfection through the bacterium of carrying that in many ways circulates in the process of circulation, improve the security of staff, its coin separative element by one mao, the coin quick separating of five maos and unitary and arrange out, in addition, its disinfecting mechanism can also carry out moistening to Renminbi, after the adding of set square, be equivalent to Renminbi to press, can ensure that flattened Renminbi can not repeated folding, the flattening quality of Renminbi can be ensured, adopt acetic acid as sanitizer, nontoxic, and do not damage Renminbi, the repeatedly utilization of Renminbi can be ensured.The acetic acid of 30-44% has better Disinfection Effect, ensures the normal use of Renminbi while being conducive to ensureing sterilization rate.
Further, the control method of its coin clearing system:
(1), after bank note enters back-note feeder, upper conveyor belt drives bank note to move with the speed of 0.1m/s under friction force effect, drive the axis of rolling of upper conveyor belt to be spindle, be 60-70N with the pressure of lower set square in the middle part of its upper conveyor belt, the pressure of upper conveyor belt both sides and lower set square is 30-40N;
(2) well heater, be located on lower set square is heated to 60-85 DEG C to lower set square; The solenoid valve that control module controls disinfecting mechanism is opened, and makes atomizer evenly spray acetic acid to upper conveyor belt surface with the speed of 3-4.3mL/s;
(3), bank note by after lower set square, the fold on the downside of bank note is smoothed; Then, through lower conveyor belt, bank note is moved to upper set square place; Well heater on upper set square is heated to 65-75 DEG C to upper set square; Fold through the bank note of upper set square is smoothed;
(4), after bank note sends from lower conveyor belt end, obtained by the guiding flabellum with 100-120r/min, after guiding flabellum to be turned over by bank note to turn 90 degrees, send in bank note containing box;
(5), expansion link contractive action, make to open bottom bank note containing box, by bank note containing box bank note release; The below Electric Machine Control shift fork travelling belt be simultaneously in below box moves with 30-40cm/min, shifting fork mechanism above shift fork travelling belt is brought to bank note containing box place, shifting fork mechanism tightens up, and is clamped by the bank note of cassette interior, and the direction of being shunk to expansion link by shift fork travelling belt is moved; The further compacting bank note of pinching action of shift fork, protects bank note simultaneously;
(6), after coin inserts coin entrance, coin along coin slide rail with the movement of the acceleration of 3-5 every square second; Coin slide rail is provided with the through hole that multiple aperture increases from top to bottom, and these through holes correspond respectively to the coin of different denominations; The thickness of coin slide rail is less than the thickness of two one mao of coins arranged side by side.
Due to said method, start to realize the flatiron of bank note, flattening, sterilization, collection, the quick separating of coin can also be realized, be conducive to the sustainable use of device, and quick money-finishing; Realize paper money arrangement rapidly and efficiently, alleviate public transit trade coin and arrange burden.Counting difficult problem for public transit trade is solved.Reduce the slip velocity of coin, prevent coin via hole and do not enter, cause and be separated not exclusively.Coin can be put on a small quantity simultaneously, and limits thickness at slide rail place, prevents that too much coin is disposable to be poured in, and causes separating effect not good, is separated and does not purely wait impact.
The optimum configurations of this device is the parameter that Renminbi is overlapped in contrast the 5th, when being applied to other Currency Types, and corresponding amendment parameter.
In sum, owing to have employed technique scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, the mechanism of this device is simply easy to use, realizes the flatiron of bank note, flattening, sterilization, collection integrated treatment, is conducive to cost-saving and development that is public transit system, has saved human cost and material resources cost.
2, complete machine achieves for fold bank note, and the problem that general paper money counter cannot process solves, and realizes paper money arrangement rapidly and efficiently, alleviates public transit trade coin and arranges burden.Counting difficult problem for public transit trade is solved.
3, quick separating can be carried out to coin, the hard work avoiding later stage coin to be separated, ensures that manpower and materials are used effectively, avoids the pollution of currency in the process of circulation of public transit system simultaneously, can to carry out disinfection flatiron to currency, ensure that security and the cleanliness of currency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is coin collating unit front view used for buses in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is coin collating unit vertical view used for buses in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is coin collating unit side view used for buses in the present invention;
Mark in figure: 1-frame, the 2-axis of rolling, 3-upper conveyor belt, the upper set square of 4-, 5-back shaft, 6-belt pulley, 7-flabellum base, 8-guides flabellum, 9-bank note containing box, 10-Coin sideway, 11-Coin storage box, 12-coin exit, 13-shifting fork mechanism, 14-shift fork travelling belt, motor below 15-, 16-expansion link, 17-belt, motor above 18-, set square under 19-.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
specific embodiment 1:
As Figure 1-3, coin collating unit used for buses of the present invention, comprises frame 1 and the paper money arrangement mechanism be fixed in frame 1, coin separator structure and guiding collecting mechanism;
Paper money arrangement mechanism comprises the lower fold development mechanism and upper fold development mechanism mutually accepted; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth lower set square 19 of the axis of rolling 2, lower conveyor belt and upper surface, lower set square 19 is located on the downside of upper conveyor belt 3, and the distance of lower set square 19 dual-side to increase and by pine to being close to tight upper conveyor belt 3 along the direction of transfer of upper conveyor belt 3; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth upper set square 4 of belt pulley 6, back shaft 5, lower conveyor belt and lower surface, belt pulley 6 is for driving travelling belt, upper set square 4 is located at above lower conveyor belt, back shaft 5 supports lower conveyor belt and is adjacent to set square 4, and the distance of upper set square 4 dual-side increases along the direction of transfer of lower conveyor belt;
Coin separator structure comprises Coin sideway 10 and Coin storage box 11, and Coin sideway 10 length direction and Width all tilt; At multiple through holes that Coin sideway 10 length direction is provided with, the aperture of this through hole is corresponding with the coin of different denominations and increase along Coin sideway 10, and through hole is located at the low side of Coin sideway 10 width position; Vertically arrange Coin storage box 11 below through hole, the bottom of Coin storage box 11 is provided with coin exit 12;
Guide collecting mechanism to be located at paper money arrangement mechanism exit, comprise leader and collection part; Leader comprises flabellum base 7 and guides flabellum 8, guides flabellum 8 be located at lower conveyor belt end and put into collection part after bank note dextrorotation being turn 90 degrees, and this guiding flabellum 8 is connected with top motor 18 by belt 17; Collection unit is divided and is comprised bank note containing box 9, expansion link 16, shift fork travelling belt 14 and shifting fork mechanism 13; Expansion link 16 is for the bottom of opening and closing bank note containing box 9, and shift fork travelling belt 14 is located at below bank note containing box 9, shift fork travelling belt 14 is provided with the shifting fork mechanism 13 arranged side by side with bank note containing box 9; This shifting fork mechanism 13 is for clamping and the bank note in compacting bank note receiver 9; Shift fork travelling belt 14 connects below motor 15.
The axis of rolling 2, belt pulley 6 and back shaft 5 is spindle-type; The middle part of upper conveyor belt 3 and lower conveyor belt is protruding.
In undertaking place of fold development mechanism with upper fold development mechanism, upper conveyor belt 3 partly overlaps with lower conveyor belt.
The base length of upper set square 4 and lower set square 19 is not less than the width of unitary rmb paper currency.
The slanted angle of Coin sideway 10 length direction and horizontal direction is 25-35 degree; The slanted angle 5-10 degree of Coin sideway 10 Width and horizontal direction.
Disinfecting mechanism and heating arrangements is provided with in frame 1, this disinfecting mechanism comprises atomizer, solenoid valve, acetic acid tank, this acetic acid is canned has concentration to be the acetic acid of 30-44%, atomizer has flat nozzle, atomizer is arranged on above upper conveyor belt 3 or below lower conveyor belt, atomizer is used for evenly spraying acetic acid to the Width of upper conveyor belt 3 or lower conveyor belt, then spreads upon on Renminbi by travelling belt by acetic acid; Pressure in acetic acid tank is 30-50kpa; Heating arrangement comprises the well heater be arranged on set square 4 or lower set square 19.
Due to said structure, after bank note enters machine, bank note enters and mutually to be compressed by upper conveyor belt 3 and lower set square 19 afterwards, and bank note can be pushed down to tight by pine by lower set square 19 front kick up gradually, and more and more wider by the both sides of lower set square 19, the gauffer on both sides below bank note is strutted gradually, rear next part is delivered to again by travelling belt, and then the fold flattening section below bank note, according to above method, equally the fold above bank note is flattened; At the guiding collecting mechanism that the end of lower conveyor belt is arranged, the bank note being in top is allowed to enter in bottom-right bank note containing box 9 smoothly, in the smooth interface guiding flabellum 8, bank note can be allowed to slide in the working range of flabellum base 7, under the drive of flabellum base 7 motor 18 up, turn clockwise, due to the flabellum radian of flabellum base 7, can by bank note degree of turning clockwise, and fall into bank note containing box 9 along with the rotation of blade.Now expansion link 16 place separating mechanism is in elongation state, is received in by bank note in bank note containing box 9.In order to take out convenient for paper money arrangement further, shape and the coin size of bank note containing box 9 meet, to a certain extent the specification state of coin, the taking-up after facilitating.Its coin separator structure, coin enters separating mechanism, uniformly accelerated motion is done by gravity effect in Coin sideway 10, because there is the hole of different size on Coin sideway 10, and aperture is all positioned at inner side, and Coin sideway 10 also slopes inwardly, guide coin to lean on the inner slide of Coin sideway 10 along it, and entered the aperture corresponding with coin value; Further fall into Coin storage box 11; Insert coin and so forth, when the number of coins in receiver be increased to a certain amount of after, the coin exit 12 bottom receiver will be affected by gravity and open, and now can take out coin.
specific embodiment 2:
According to the coin collating unit used for buses of embodiment 1, its coin clearing system comprises:
Control module, comprises controller;
Paper money arrangement unit, comprises paper money arrangement mechanism, and paper money arrangement mechanism comprises the lower fold development mechanism and upper fold development mechanism mutually accepted; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth lower set square 19 of the axis of rolling 2, lower conveyor belt and upper surface, lower set square 19 is located on the downside of upper conveyor belt 3, and the distance of lower set square 19 dual-side to increase and by pine to being close to tight upper conveyor belt 3 along the direction of transfer of upper conveyor belt 3; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth upper set square 4 of belt pulley 6, back shaft 5, lower conveyor belt and lower surface, belt pulley 6 is for driving travelling belt, upper set square 4 is located at above lower conveyor belt, back shaft 5 supports lower conveyor belt and is adjacent to set square 4, and the distance of upper set square 4 dual-side increases along the direction of transfer of lower conveyor belt; The length on the base of upper set square 4 and lower set square 19 is 63-65mm; The axis of rolling 2, belt pulley 6 and back shaft 5 is spindle-type, makes the middle part of upper conveyor belt 3 and lower conveyor belt protruding, and then makes the middle part pressure of upper conveyor belt 3 and lower conveyor belt be greater than the pressure of both sides;
Bank note guidance unit, comprises guiding collecting mechanism, and this guiding collecting mechanism is located at paper money arrangement mechanism exit, comprises leader and collection part; Leader comprises flabellum base 7 and guides flabellum 8, and this guiding flabellum 8 is located at lower conveyor belt end and is guided flabellum 8 to put into collection part after bank note dextrorotation being turn 90 degrees, and this guiding flabellum 8 connects top motor 18 by belt 17; Collection unit is divided and is comprised bank note containing box 9, expansion link 16, shift fork travelling belt 14 and shifting fork mechanism 13; Expansion link 16 is for the bottom of opening and closing bank note containing box 9, and shift fork travelling belt 14 is located at below bank note containing box 9, shift fork travelling belt 14 is provided with the shifting fork mechanism 13 arranged side by side with bank note containing box 9; This shifting fork mechanism 13 is for clamping and the bank note in compacting bank note receiver 9; Shift fork travelling belt 14 connects below motor 15; The end of upper conveyor belt 3 is provided with antiseized connected device, and this antiseized connected device and upper conveyor belt 3 are adjacent to and for avoiding the adhesion between bank note and upper conveyor belt 3;
Coin separative element, comprises coin separator structure, coin separator structure this comprise Coin sideway 10 and Coin storage box 11, the slanted angle of this Coin sideway 10 length direction and surface level is the slanted angle 5-10 degree of 25-35 degree and Width and surface level; At multiple through holes that Coin sideway 10 length direction is provided with, the aperture of this through hole is corresponding with the coin of different denominations and increase along Coin sideway 10, and through hole is located at the low side of Coin sideway 10 width position; Vertically arrange Coin storage box 11 below through hole, the bottom of Coin storage box 11 is provided with coin exit 12; Described Coin sideway 10 length direction;
Disinfection unit, comprise disinfecting mechanism and heating arrangements, this disinfecting mechanism comprises atomizer, solenoid valve, acetic acid tank, this acetic acid is canned has concentration to be the acetic acid of 30-44%, atomizer has flat nozzle, atomizer is arranged on above upper conveyor belt 3 or below lower conveyor belt, and atomizer is used for evenly spraying acetic acid to the Width of upper conveyor belt 3 or lower conveyor belt, then spreads upon on Renminbi by travelling belt by acetic acid; Pressure in acetic acid tank is 30-50kpa; Heating arrangement comprises the well heater be arranged on set square 4 or lower set square 19;
Control module is connected with paper money arrangement unit, bank note guidance unit, coin separative element and disinfection unit respectively and controls a unit respectively.
Due to said system, can be separated with the coin of each face amount the bank note of unitary fast, smooth bank note is pleasantly surprised, smooth and collect sterilization, integrated design, follow-up workload can be reduced, alleviate the pollution of work simultaneously, Renminbi is carried out disinfection, effectively ensure that personal safety and health, can to Novel sterilizing in the arrangement process of people's Renminbi, ensure that the work between unit does not conflict, avoid the logic error set, ensure that and coin is carried out disinfection through the bacterium of carrying that in many ways circulates in the process of circulation, improve the security of staff, its coin separative element by one mao, the coin quick separating of five maos and unitary and arrange out, in addition, its disinfecting mechanism can also carry out moistening to Renminbi, after the adding of set square, be equivalent to Renminbi to press, can ensure that flattened Renminbi can not repeated folding, the flattening quality of Renminbi can be ensured, adopt acetic acid as sanitizer, nontoxic, and do not damage Renminbi, the repeatedly utilization of Renminbi can be ensured.The acetic acid of 30-44% has better Disinfection Effect, ensures the normal use of Renminbi while being conducive to ensureing sterilization rate.
In bank note detachment process, utilize motor to drive at internal body, drive the rotation of scroll wheel or belt pulley 6, be placed in the drive of bank note due to friction force, slow advance, and inserted gradually in the gauffer of coin by the set square tilted, along with the change gradually on set square both sides is large, the gauffer of bank note can be strutted, simultaneously because the plane of set square and travelling belt is a less angle, therefore going deep into along with coin, more finally, the pressure of set square to coin is larger, the effect of flattening can be reached, can also compacting gradually, this is for the bank note of softness, can prevent from impacting and causing bank note secondary coil.Enter collecting zone afterwards, by arc flabellum, bank note guiding is entered in receiver, carry out compacting again and collection by shifting fork mechanism 13, prepare to take out.
In coin separation process, coin then enters separation track by special coin mouth, here power need not be provided, by the impact of the acceleration of gravity of coin self, can landing automatically, fallen by the hole of different-diameter, enter different collection mouths, owing to being subject to the columnar shape constraint of disposable box, the coin entered wherein will regularly arrange automatically, reach the object of arrangement, can from going out to take out.The internal work flow process of this device has used for reference the principle of work of pipeline system, is separated and arranges coin.Vehicle power can be used to power, provide power to the normal operation of machine, thus realize entering at coin the separation that this time period of cash box carries out in advance and arrange, avoid and waited coin many and numerous to bother process afterwards.
specific embodiment 3:
According to the coin clearing system of the coin collating unit used for buses of embodiment 1 or 2, its control method:
(1), after bank note enters back-note feeder, upper conveyor belt 3 drives bank note to move with the speed of 0.1m/s under friction force effect, drive the axis of rolling 2 of upper conveyor belt 3 in spindle, be 60-70N with the pressure of lower set square 19 in the middle part of its upper conveyor belt 3, the pressure of upper conveyor belt 3 both sides and lower set square 19 is 30-40N;
(2) well heater, be located on lower set square 19 is heated to 60-85 DEG C to lower set square 19; The solenoid valve that control module controls disinfecting mechanism is opened, and makes atomizer evenly spray acetic acid to upper conveyor belt 3 surface with the speed of 3-4.3mL/s;
(3), bank note by after lower set square 19, the fold on the downside of bank note is smoothed; Then, through lower conveyor belt, bank note is moved to upper set square 4 place; Well heater on upper set square 4 is heated to 65-75 DEG C to upper set square 4; Fold through the bank note of upper set square 4 is smoothed;
(4), after bank note sends from lower conveyor belt end, obtained by the guiding flabellum 8 with 100-120r/min, after guiding flabellum 8 to be turned over by bank note to turn 90 degrees, send in bank note containing box 9;
(5), expansion link 16 contractive action, make to open bottom bank note containing box 9, by bank note containing box 9 bank note release; The below motor 15 be simultaneously in below box controls shift fork travelling belt 14 and moves with 30-40cm/min, shifting fork mechanism 13 above shift fork travelling belt 14 is brought to bank note containing box 9 place, shifting fork mechanism 13 tightens up, the bank note of cassette interior is clamped, and the direction of being shunk to expansion link 16 by shift fork travelling belt 14 is moved; The further compacting bank note of pinching action of shift fork, protects bank note simultaneously;
(6), after coin inserts coin entrance, coin along Coin sideway 10 with the movement of the acceleration of 3-5 every square second; Coin sideway 10 is provided with the through hole that multiple aperture increases from top to bottom, and these through holes correspond respectively to the coin of different denominations; The thickness of Coin sideway 10 is less than the thickness of two one mao of coins arranged side by side.
Due to said method, start to realize the flatiron of bank note, flattening, sterilization, collection, the quick separating of coin can also be realized, be conducive to the sustainable use of device, and quick money-finishing; Realize paper money arrangement rapidly and efficiently, alleviate public transit trade coin and arrange burden.Counting difficult problem for public transit trade is solved.Reduce the slip velocity of coin, prevent coin via hole and do not enter, cause and be separated not exclusively.Coin can be put on a small quantity simultaneously, and limits thickness at slide rail place, prevents that too much coin is disposable to be poured in, and causes separating effect not good, is separated and does not purely wait impact.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a coin collating unit used for buses, is characterized in that: comprise frame and the paper money arrangement mechanism be fixed in frame, coin separator structure and guiding collecting mechanism;
Paper money arrangement mechanism comprises the lower fold development mechanism and upper fold development mechanism mutually accepted; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth lower set square of the axis of rolling, lower conveyor belt and upper surface, and lower set square is located on the downside of upper conveyor belt, and the distance of lower set square dual-side to increase and by pine to being close to tight upper conveyor belt along the direction of transfer of upper conveyor belt; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth upper set square of belt pulley, back shaft, lower conveyor belt and lower surface, belt pulley is for driving travelling belt, upper set square is located at above lower conveyor belt, back shaft supports lower conveyor belt and is adjacent to set square, and the distance of upper set square dual-side increases along the direction of transfer of lower conveyor belt;
Coin separator structure comprises Coin sideway and Coin storage box, and Coin sideway length direction and Width all tilt; At multiple through holes that Coin sideway length direction is provided with, the aperture of this through hole is corresponding with the coin of different denominations and increase along Coin sideway, and through hole is located at the low side of Coin sideway width position; Vertically arrange Coin storage box below through hole, the bottom of Coin storage box is provided with coin exit;
Guide collecting mechanism to be located at paper money arrangement mechanism exit, comprise leader and collection part; Leader comprises flabellum base and guides flabellum, guides flabellum be located at lower conveyor belt end and put into collection part after bank note dextrorotation being turn 90 degrees, and this guiding flabellum is connected with top motor by belt; Collection unit is divided and is comprised bank note containing box, expansion link, shift fork travelling belt and shifting fork mechanism; Expansion link is used for the bottom of opening and closing bank note containing box, and shift fork travelling belt is located at below bank note containing box, shift fork travelling belt is provided with the shifting fork mechanism arranged side by side with bank note containing box; This shifting fork mechanism is for clamping and the bank note in compacting bank note receiver; Shift fork travelling belt connects below motor.
2. coin collating unit used for buses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the described axis of rolling, belt pulley and back shaft are spindle-type; The middle part of upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt is protruding.
3. coin collating unit used for buses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in undertaking place of fold development mechanism and upper fold development mechanism, partly overlapping of upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt.
4. coin collating unit used for buses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the base length of described upper set square and lower set square is not less than the width of unitary rmb paper currency.
5. coin collating unit used for buses according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the slanted angle of described Coin sideway length direction and horizontal direction is 25-35 degree; The slanted angle 5-10 degree of Coin sideway Width and horizontal direction.
6. coin collating unit used for buses according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in described frame, be provided with disinfecting mechanism and heating arrangements, this disinfecting mechanism comprises atomizer, solenoid valve, acetic acid tank, this acetic acid is canned has concentration to be the acetic acid of 30-44%, atomizer has flat nozzle, atomizer is arranged on above upper conveyor belt or below lower conveyor belt, atomizer is used for evenly spraying acetic acid to the Width of upper conveyor belt or lower conveyor belt, then spreads upon on Renminbi by travelling belt by acetic acid; Pressure in acetic acid tank is 30-50kpa; Heating arrangement comprises the well heater be arranged on set square or lower set square.
7. the coin collating unit used for buses according to any one of claim 1-6, is characterized in that, its coin clearing system comprises:
Control module, comprises controller;
Paper money arrangement unit, comprises paper money arrangement mechanism, and paper money arrangement mechanism comprises the lower fold development mechanism and upper fold development mechanism mutually accepted; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth lower set square of the axis of rolling, lower conveyor belt and upper surface, and lower set square is located on the downside of upper conveyor belt, and the distance of lower set square dual-side to increase and by pine to being close to tight upper conveyor belt along the direction of transfer of upper conveyor belt; Upper fold development mechanism comprises the smooth upper set square of belt pulley, back shaft, lower conveyor belt and lower surface, belt pulley is for driving travelling belt, upper set square is located at above lower conveyor belt, back shaft supports lower conveyor belt and is adjacent to set square, and the distance of upper set square dual-side increases along the direction of transfer of lower conveyor belt; The length on the base of upper set square and lower set square is 63-65mm; The axis of rolling, belt pulley and back shaft are spindle-type, make the middle part of upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt protruding, and then make the middle part pressure of upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt be greater than the pressure of both sides;
Bank note guidance unit, comprises guiding collecting mechanism, and this guiding collecting mechanism is located at paper money arrangement mechanism exit, comprises leader and collection part; Leader comprises flabellum base and guides flabellum, and this guiding flabellum is located at lower conveyor belt end and is guided flabellum to put into collection part after bank note dextrorotation being turn 90 degrees, and this guiding flabellum connects top motor by belt; Collection unit is divided and is comprised bank note containing box, expansion link, shift fork travelling belt and shifting fork mechanism; Expansion link is used for the bottom of opening and closing bank note containing box, and shift fork travelling belt is located at below bank note containing box, shift fork travelling belt is provided with the shifting fork mechanism arranged side by side with bank note containing box; This shifting fork mechanism is for clamping and the bank note in compacting bank note receiver; Shift fork travelling belt connects below motor; The end of upper conveyor belt is provided with antiseized connected device, and this antiseized connected device and upper conveyor belt are adjacent to and for avoiding the adhesion between bank note and upper conveyor belt;
Coin separative element, comprises coin separator structure, coin separator structure this comprise Coin sideway and Coin storage box, the slanted angle of this Coin sideway length direction and surface level is the slanted angle 5-10 degree of 25-35 degree and Width and surface level; At multiple through holes that Coin sideway length direction is provided with, the aperture of this through hole is corresponding with the coin of different denominations and increase along Coin sideway, and through hole is located at the low side of Coin sideway width position; Vertically arrange Coin storage box below through hole, the bottom of Coin storage box is provided with coin exit; Described Coin sideway length direction;
Disinfection unit, comprise disinfecting mechanism and heating arrangements, this disinfecting mechanism comprises atomizer, solenoid valve, acetic acid tank, this acetic acid is canned has concentration to be the acetic acid of 30-44%, atomizer has flat nozzle, atomizer is arranged on above upper conveyor belt or below lower conveyor belt, and atomizer is used for evenly spraying acetic acid to the Width of upper conveyor belt or lower conveyor belt, then spreads upon on Renminbi by travelling belt by acetic acid; Pressure in acetic acid tank is 30-50kpa; Heating arrangement comprises the well heater be arranged on set square or lower set square;
Control module is connected with paper money arrangement unit, bank note guidance unit, coin separative element and disinfection unit respectively and controls a unit respectively.
8. coin collating unit used for buses according to claim 7, is characterized in that, the control method of its coin clearing system:
(1), after bank note enters back-note feeder, upper conveyor belt drives bank note to move with the speed of 0.1m/s under friction force effect, drive the axis of rolling of upper conveyor belt to be spindle, be 60-70N with the pressure of lower set square in the middle part of its upper conveyor belt, the pressure of upper conveyor belt both sides and lower set square is 30-40N;
(2) well heater, be located on lower set square is heated to 60-85 DEG C to lower set square; The solenoid valve that control module controls disinfecting mechanism is opened, and makes atomizer evenly spray acetic acid to upper conveyor belt surface with the speed of 3-4.3mL/s;
(3), bank note by after lower set square, the fold on the downside of bank note is smoothed; Then, through lower conveyor belt, bank note is moved to upper set square place; Well heater on upper set square is heated to 65-75 DEG C to upper set square; Fold through the bank note of upper set square is smoothed;
(4), after bank note sends from lower conveyor belt end, obtained by the guiding flabellum with 100-120r/min, after guiding flabellum to be turned over by bank note to turn 90 degrees, send in bank note containing box;
(5), expansion link contractive action, make to open bottom bank note containing box, by bank note containing box bank note release; The below Electric Machine Control shift fork travelling belt be simultaneously in below box moves with 30-40cm/min, shifting fork mechanism above shift fork travelling belt is brought to bank note containing box place, shifting fork mechanism tightens up, and is clamped by the bank note of cassette interior, and the direction of being shunk to expansion link by shift fork travelling belt is moved; The further compacting bank note of pinching action of shift fork, protects bank note simultaneously;
(6), after coin inserts coin entrance, coin along coin slide rail with the movement of the acceleration of 3-5 every square second; Coin slide rail is provided with the through hole that multiple aperture increases from top to bottom, and these through holes correspond respectively to the coin of different denominations; The thickness of coin slide rail is less than the thickness of two one mao of coins arranged side by side.
CN201510739652.1A 2015-11-04 2015-11-04 Bus coin arrangement device CN105303684A (en)

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CN105844787A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-10 长安大学 Friction bank note flattening sorting device
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CN109584435A (en) * 2018-11-25 2019-04-05 杭州珑亚珀伟科技有限公司 Bank note sterilizing collating unit and method

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