CN108714742A - Intelligent bearing stores gearbox rear cover assembly - Google Patents

Intelligent bearing stores gearbox rear cover assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108714742A
CN108714742A CN201810421596.0A CN201810421596A CN108714742A CN 108714742 A CN108714742 A CN 108714742A CN 201810421596 A CN201810421596 A CN 201810421596A CN 108714742 A CN108714742 A CN 108714742A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bearing
station
detection
laser
pedestal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810421596.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108714742B (en
Inventor
周斯加
黄智博
赵云
李峰平
储军
张毅
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Shangshan Zhicheng (Suzhou) Information Technology Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Intelligent Manufacturing of Wenzhou University
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Application filed by Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Intelligent Manufacturing of Wenzhou University filed Critical Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Intelligent Manufacturing of Wenzhou University
Priority to CN201810421596.0A priority Critical patent/CN108714742B/en
Publication of CN108714742A publication Critical patent/CN108714742A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108714742B publication Critical patent/CN108714742B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/36Removing material
    • B23K26/361Removing material for deburring or mechanical trimming
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/70Auxiliary operations or equipment
    • B23K26/702Auxiliary equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/02Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same
    • B23P19/027Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for connecting objects by press fit or for detaching same using hydraulic or pneumatic means

Abstract

The present invention relates to intelligent bearing store gearbox rear cover assembly comprising pedestal, the rotary work station device being set on the base, cover on the protective cover on pedestal outside and be set on the base and gearbox rear cover corresponding with rotary work station device assembling center;Rotary work station device include the station driving motor being set on the base, the station rotary disk for being sequentially connected and being rotatably provided on pedestal with station driving motor, the rotary work station being distributed on station rotary disk by process, be arranged at each rotary work station and for fix the mould part of gear shift cover lower face, be arranged the symmetrical both sides in mould part upper surface U-shaped deck and be arranged on U-shaped deck and for fixing the V-arrangement locating slot of gear shift cover both sides lug;Rotary work station device plays the role of process transfer linking.It is reasonable design of the present invention, compact-sized and easy to use.

Description

Intelligent bearing stores gearbox rear cover assembly
Technical field
The present invention relates to intelligent bearings to store gearbox rear cover assembly.
Background technology
Currently, the bearing cap of transmission main shaft, is generally formed using cast iron process, wilful poor, existing assembling mode Bearing percussion is manually installed in bearing cap or bearing block by rubber hammer or wooden mallet by general use, and installation accuracy is not easily-controllable System cannot achieve standardized work, and sealing ring installation is simple and crude, is susceptible to and gnaws side situation, how provide one kind efficiently, just Victory, convenient for the intelligent bearing storage gearbox rear cover assembly and gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology of automation control The technical issues of as being badly in need of solving.
Invention content
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are generally speaking to provide a kind of intelligent bearing storage gearbox rear cover assembling Assembly and gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology;The technical issues of solving in detail and acquirement advantageous effect are in aftermentioned content And content in specific implementation mode is combined to specifically describe.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
Intelligent bearing store gearbox rear cover assembly, including pedestal, be set on the base rotary work station device, cover on outside It protective cover on pedestal and is set on the base and gearbox rear cover corresponding with rotary work station device assembling center;
Rotary work station device includes the station driving motor being set on the base, being sequentially connected and rotating with station driving motor sets It sets the station rotary disk on pedestal, the rotary work station that is distributed in by process on station rotary disk, be arranged in each rotary work station Place and for fixing the mould part of gear shift cover lower face, U-shaped deck, Yi Jishe in the symmetrical both sides in mould part upper surface being arranged Set the V-arrangement locating slot on U-shaped deck and for fixing gear shift cover both sides lug;Rotary work station device plays process transfer rank The effect connect so that system structure is compact, and floor space is small, and conveyer belt is avoided to need the problem of adjustment level.Pass through two V Shape locating slot realizes positioning and fastening with mould part.
Rotary work station includes that the station for feeding and discharging of procedure connection successively turns at material, for gear shift cover side At the first assembling of station at the station engraving of face engraved markings, for bearing part to be pressed into gear shift cover, it is used for detection axis At the station detection of bearing member assembly precision;It is corresponding to complete corresponding process by above-mentioned station.
Station rotary disk center is provided with the angle photoelectric sensor with station rotary disk coaxial rotating, in each rotation Station is both provided with station photoelectric sensor;It realizes closed loop detection, passes through process positioning accuracy.
Turn to be provided with station turn material fixed frame below at material in station, turns to be provided with station on material fixed frame in station Turn material guide rod, turns to be vertically arranged with station turn material lifting cylinder on material fixed frame in station, be arranged on station rotary disk There is the through-hole below mould part, turning material lifting cylinder upper end in station is provided with for turning to push up on material across the station of through-hole Head.Self-emptying may be implemented by the part, avoid damage sealing ring and bearing.
As laser engraving and assembling core cell, gearbox rear cover assembling center includes the laser carving of process link successively Engraving device, bearing assembly, detection assembly and sealing ring assembly;
Bearing assembly includes the bearing storage device, bearing transferring device and bearing assembling device of procedure connection successively; So-called procedure connection can be rotating disk or assembly line etc..
It includes assembling detection machine to detect assembly;
Sealing ring assembly includes the assembling of sealing ring feeding and the sealing coil installing device of procedure connection successively;
Illustrate, laser carving device include be arranged pedestal side and on gear shift cover side engraved markings swash Light engraving machine, be arranged laser engraving chain-drive section laser fix side frame, be vertically arranged in respectively laser fix side frame on swash Light lifts guide slide and laser lifting cylinder, the laser being arranged on laser lifting cylinder piston rod lifting connecting seat, activity The laser in laser lifting guide slide is arranged to lift feather key, lift connecting seat and laser lifting feather key with laser respectively The laser crane of connection and the laser dust absorption nozzle being arranged on laser crane.Protective action is realized by shelf, is passed through Dust absorption nozzle siphons away flue dust, to ensure clean cleaning.
Bearing storage device includes on the bearing that the bearing rotary disk being set on the base and bearing rotary disk are sequentially connected Material motor and the flexible guide rod of the vertical bearing for being distributed on bearing rotary disk and being set with bearing part;By being oriented to pole-footing Flexible guiding is realized according to the quantity of bearing, so as to shorten the time of pickup, improves efficiency.
The bearing guide rod that stretches is provided with height adjustment mechanism, and height adjustment mechanism includes lifter wheel, lifting motor, the One infrared transmitter, the second infrared transmitter, infrared remote receiver and signal receive bar, lifter wheel rotation setting and bearing rotary Below disk, it is provided in the middle part of lifter wheel and is passed through and bearing stretches the driving of guide rod thread cooperation for the bearing guide rod that stretches Hole, lifting motor, which is installed below bearing rotary disk and drives, is provided with the driving gear being meshed with lifter wheel, and signal connects It puts away sports equipment and is vertically fixedly installed on pedestal, and is corresponding with the flexible guide rod position of the bearing for being just handled upside down bearing part, first is red Outer receiver and the second infrared remote receiver are in turn secured to along top-down direction at the top of the flexible guide rod of bearing, infrared receiver Device is fixed on infrared remote receiver, and for receiving the infrared signal that the first infrared transmitter and the second infrared transmitter are sent out, institute When the signal of the first infrared transmitter and the second infrared transmitter stated is blocked by bearing part, infrared remote receiver is risen by controlling Drop motor moving axis is held flexible guide rod and is risen, until the signal of the first infrared transmitter is not blocked, the second infrared transmitter Signal blocked by bearing part;The signal of first infrared transmitter and the second infrared transmitter is not blocked by bearing part When, infrared remote receiver is declined by controlling the flexible guide rod of lifting motor band dynamic bearing, until the signal of the first infrared transmitter It is not blocked, the signal of the second infrared transmitter is blocked by bearing part, according to bearing part quantity automatic height adjustment, convenient for quick It picks and places.
Bearing, which stretches, to be provided with air bag in guide rod and installs the inner cavity of air bag, and air bag is provided with supplement or discharge gas Tracheae, the flexible guide rod side wall of bearing are provided with several by the tensioner channel of inner cavity and extraneous unicom, each tensioner channel difference It is provided with and is gradually increased from interior direction finding outside height with fixed tightening piece on the outside of air bag, tensioner channel, air bag rises when being full of gas Tight block offsets with bearing part inner wall, and bearing part is carried out school position by automatic tension, avoids being convenient for quick fetching while vibration, tilt Tensioner channel so that tightening piece is automatically reset using gravity.
Bearing transferring device includes the bearing transfer rack being set on the base, the bearing being vertically arranged on bearing transfer rack Transfer crane, the bearing radial shelf being horizontally installed on bearing transfer crane, the axis being horizontally installed in bearing radial shelf It holds radial cylinder, one end and the connection of bearing radial direction cylinder and slides laterally the bearing being arranged in bearing radial shelf and move radially cunning Frame, be vertically arranged in bearing move radially on balladeur train bearing lifting crawl cylinder and setting bearing lift crawl cylinder It is upper and for removing and giving the bearing of bearing assembling device and picking up manipulator the bearing bearing part on guide rod that stretches;It realizes Bearing transfer feeding.
Bearing assembling device includes that setting is moved radially in bearing on balladeur train and for bearing part to be pressed into gear shift cover Bearing push-down head and being arranged moved radially on balladeur train in bearing and for positioning the bearing arc contacted with bearing part side Side handrail plays guiding role, ease of assembly.
Assembling detection machine includes the detection support being set on the base, the detection elevating screw that is arranged in detection support, Be arranged detection elevating screw movable nut seat on detection electric rotating machine, with detection electric rotating machine output end be sequentially connected and For be inserted into bearing part endoporus detection rotation taper head, be arranged detection support side detection pair bearing, swing exist Detection cantilever shalving and setting on the secondary bearing of detection connect in detection cantilever shalving cantilever end and for being rolled with bearing part outer surface Tactile detection eccentric wheel;The angular transducer for measuring detection cantilever shalving swing angle is provided on the secondary bearing of detection;It is logical It crosses taper head and drives bearing rotary, then floated up and down by eccentric wheel to detect the bounce of inner ring and end cap, and numerical value is anti- It feeds processor, realizes automatic detection, ensure assembling quality.
The gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology of the present embodiment, the technique includes the following steps,
Gear shift cover to be assembled by manipulator or is manually placed into station and turns mould part at material by step 1 first; Then, station driving motor drives station rotary to spiral and goes at station engraving;
Step 2, by means of laser carving device;First, laser lifting cylinder drives laser crane to be lifted along laser and is oriented to Slideway declines, and covers on above gear shift cover;Then, laser engraving machine starts, and according to prefabricated order in gear shift cover side Engraved markings, meanwhile, laser dust absorption nozzle, which starts, siphons away the flue gas that engraving generates;Secondly, after laser engraving, laser lifting Frame, which rises, to be come;Finally, station driving motor drives station rotary to spiral and goes at the first assembling of station;
Step 3, by means of bearing assembly, first, bearing feeding motor revolves the flexible guide rod of the bearing for being loaded with bearing part It goes at bearing transferring device;Then, bearing lifting crawl cylinder band dynamic bearing picks up the flexible guide rod of manipulator crawl bearing On bearing part;Secondly, bearing radial direction cylinder drives bearing part to be moved at the first assembling of station, under bearing lifting crawl cylinder Row, bearing pick up manipulator and bearing part are placed on gear shift cover;Again, bearing radial direction cylinder band dynamic bearing picks up manipulator It leaves, while bearing push-down head being moved at the first assembling of station, under bearing lifting crawl cylinder band dynamic bearing push-down head Row, two side bearing curved side handrails laterally adjust bearing part position;And then, bearing part is pressed into gear shift cover by bearing push-down head In;Finally, station driving motor drives station rotary to spiral and goes at station detection.
Step 4, by means of assembling detection machine;First, detection rotation taper head is inserted into bearing part by detection elevating screw In endoporus, and bearing part is driven to rotate;Then, detection eccentric wheel is pressed on bearing part upper surface;Secondly, angular transducer will Detection cantilever shalving amplitude of fluctuation is sent to processor with hunting frequency;Finally, station driving motor drives station rotary disc spins It leaves at station detection;
Step 6, first, station turn to expect that lifting cylinder will be lifted off open mould part on the gear shift cover that assembling finishes;Then, pass through Manually or mechanically hand is drawn off.
The technique all automates, bearing automatic feeding, auto-stitching, automatic to detect.Beneficial effects of the present invention are unlimited In this description, in order to preferably be easy to understand, more detailed description has been carried out in specific embodiment part.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram at the first visual angle of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram at the second visual angle of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of rotary work station device of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram at another visual angle of rotary work station device of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of laser carving device of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of bearing transferring device of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of bearing assembling device of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of present invention assembling detection machine;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of light camera detection machine of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of the flexible guide rod of bearing;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of sealing ring feeding assembling of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the structural schematic diagram of present invention sealing coil installing device;
Wherein:1, pedestal;2, rotary work station device;3, gear shift cover;4, bearing part;5, collar member is sealed;6, mould part;7, U-shaped Deck;8, V-arrangement locating slot;10, laser carving device;11, bearing storage device;12, bearing transferring device;13, bearing assembles Device;14, detection machine is assembled;15, light camera detection machine;18, angle photoelectric sensor;19, station photoelectric sensor;101, work Position rotating disk;102, station driving motor;103, station turns at material;104, at station engraving;105, at the first assembling of station; 106, at station detection;107, at station upload;109, station turns material fixed frame;110, station turns material guide rod;111, work Position turns material lifting cylinder;112, station turns material top end;150, laser engraving machine;151, laser fixes side frame;152, laser liter Frame drops;153, laser dust absorption nozzle;154, laser lifting cylinder;155, laser lifts connecting seat;156, laser lifts guide slide; 201, bearing feeding motor;202, bearing rotary disk;203, the flexible guide rod of bearing;250, bearing transfer rack;251, in bearing Turn crane;252, bearing radial shelf;253, bearing radial direction cylinder;254, bearing moves radially balladeur train;255, bearing lifting is grabbed Take cylinder;256, bearing picks up manipulator;257, bearing push-down head;258, bearing arc side handrail;260, lifter wheel;261, Lifting motor;262, the first infrared transmitter;263, infrared remote receiver;264, signal receives bar;265, gear is driven;266, gas Capsule;267, inner cavity;268, tensioner channel;269, tightening piece;270, tracheae;271, the second infrared transmitter;298, detection support; 299, elevating screw is detected;300, electric rotating machine is detected;301, detection rotation taper head;302, secondary bearing is detected;303, it detects Cantilever shalving;304, eccentric wheel is detected;305, light detection frame;306, light source camera;307, grating is measured;308, light-receiving is reflected Device;347, sealing ring is sent into guide rail;348, sealing ring is sent into pallet;349, sealing ring pallet upper surface;350, sealing ring pallet Radial groove;351, the outer support plate of sealing element;352, sealing ring radially-directed slot;353, sealing ring clamps lateral surface;354, it seals Enclose crossbeam;355, sealing ring lateral cylinder;356, sealing ring sliding rack;357, sealing ring installs lifting cylinder;358, sealing ring Rotation motor;359, sealing ring guide holder;360, sealing ring radial direction Archimedes feather key;361, sealing ring outer strut;362, The outer limitting casing of sealing ring;363, sealing ring radial direction occlusal crib.
Specific implementation mode
As Figure 1-10 shows, the intelligent bearing of the present embodiment stores gearbox rear cover assembly, including pedestal 1, setting Rotary work station device 2 on pedestal 1 covers on the protective cover on pedestal 1 and is arranged on pedestal 1 and and rotary work station outside 2 corresponding gearbox rear cover of device assembles center;
Rotary work station device 2 includes the station driving motor 102 being arranged on pedestal 1, is sequentially connected with station driving motor 102 And be rotatably provided on pedestal 1 station rotary disk 101, be distributed in by process on station rotary disk 101 rotary work station, setting At each rotary work station and for fixing the mould part 6 of 3 lower face of gear shift cover, being arranged in 6 upper surface of mould part symmetrical two The U-shaped deck 7 of side and the V-arrangement locating slot 8 for being arranged on U-shaped deck 7 and be used to fix 3 both sides lug of gear shift cover;Rotation Station apparatus 2 plays the role of process transfer linking, and such that system structure is compact, floor space is small, and conveyer belt is avoided to need Adjust horizontal problem.Positioning and fastening are realized by two V-arrangement locating slots 8 and mould part 6.
Rotary work station includes that the station for feeding and discharging of procedure connection successively turns 103 at material, for gearbox At the first assembling of station 104 at the station engraving of 3 side engraved markings of lid, for bearing part 4 to be pressed into gear shift cover 3 105, for the work 106 at detecting the station detection of 4 assembly precision of bearing part, for the upload of 3 picture of rear transmission gear box lid will to be assembled 107 at the upload of position;It is corresponding to complete corresponding process by above-mentioned station.
It is provided centrally with the angle photoelectric sensor 18 with 101 coaxial rotating of station rotary disk in station rotary disk 101, Each rotary work station is both provided with station photoelectric sensor 19;It realizes closed loop detection, passes through process positioning accuracy.
Turn to be provided with station turn material fixed frame 109 below 103 at material in station, turn on material fixed frame 109 in station It is provided with station and turns material guide rod 110, turn to be vertically arranged with station turn material lifting cylinder 111 on material fixed frame 109 in station, The through-hole being provided on station rotary disk 101 below mould part 6 turns 111 upper end of material lifting cylinder in station and is provided with For turning material top end 112 across the station of through-hole.Self-emptying may be implemented by the part, avoid damage sealing ring and axis It holds.
As laser engraving and assembling core cell, gearbox rear cover assembling center includes the laser carving of process link successively Engraving device 10, bearing assembly, detection assembly;
Bearing assembly includes bearing storage device 11, bearing transferring device 12 and the bearing assembling of procedure connection successively Device 13;So-called procedure connection can be rotating disk or assembly line etc..
It includes assembling detection machine 14, and/or light camera detection machine 15 to detect assembly;
It illustrates, laser carving device 10 includes setting in 1 side of pedestal and for the engraved markings on 3 side of gear shift cover Laser engraving machine 150, the laser that is arranged on 150 head of laser engraving machine fix that side frame 151, to be vertically arranged in laser respectively solid The laser lifting guide slide 156 on side frame 151 is determined with laser lifting cylinder 154, setting in 154 piston rod of laser lifting cylinder On laser lifting connecting seat 155, be movably arranged on laser lifting guide slide 156 in laser lifting feather key, respectively with Laser lifts connecting seat 155 and laser lifting is oriented to the laser crane 152 of key connection and is arranged in laser crane 152 On laser dust absorption nozzle 153.Protective action is realized by shelf, is siphoned away flue dust by dust absorption nozzle, to ensure clean cleaning.
Bearing storage device 11 includes the bearing rotary disk 202 being arranged on pedestal 1, connects with the transmission of bearing rotary disk 202 The bearing feeding motor 201 and the vertical bearing for being distributed on bearing rotary disk 202 and being set with bearing part 4 connect is stretched and is led To bar 203;Flexible guiding is realized according to the quantity of bearing by guide rod, so as to shorten the time of pickup, improves efficiency.
Stretch guide rod 203 of bearing is provided with height adjustment mechanism, and height adjustment mechanism includes lifter wheel 260, lifting Motor 261, the first infrared transmitter 262, the second infrared transmitter 271, infrared remote receiver 263 and signal receive bar 264, lifting The rotation of gear 260 setting and the lower section of bearing rotary disk 202,260 middle part of lifter wheel is provided with wears for the bearing guide rod 203 that stretches It crosses and the drive hole of bearing 203 screw-thread fit of flexible guide rod, lifting motor 261 is installed on 202 lower section of bearing rotary disk and drives Dynamic to be provided with the driving gear 265 being meshed with lifter wheel 260, signal receives bar 264 and is vertically fixedly installed on pedestal 1, And it is corresponding with flexible 203 position of guide rod of the bearing for being just handled upside down bearing part 4, the first infrared remote receiver 262 and second is infrared Receiver 262 is in turn secured to flexible 203 top of guide rod of bearing along top-down direction, and infrared remote receiver 263 is fixed on Infrared remote receiver 263, and for receiving the infrared signal that the first infrared transmitter 262 and the second infrared transmitter 271 are sent out, institute When the signal of the first infrared transmitter 262 and the second infrared transmitter 271 stated is blocked by bearing part 4, infrared remote receiver 263 By control lifting motor 261 with dynamic bearing stretch guide rod 203 rise, until the first infrared transmitter 262 signal not by It blocks, the signal of the second infrared transmitter 271 is blocked by bearing part 4;First infrared transmitter 262 and the second infrared hair When the signal of emitter 271 is not blocked by bearing part 4, infrared remote receiver 263 is flexible with dynamic bearing by controlling lifting motor 261 Guide rod 203 declines, until the signal of the first infrared transmitter 262 is not blocked, the signal of the second infrared transmitter 271 is by axis Bearing member 4 is blocked, and according to bearing part quantity automatic height adjustment, is convenient for quick fetching.
Bearing, which stretches, to be provided with air bag 266 in guide rod 203 and installs the inner cavity 267 of air bag 266, and air bag 266 is provided with The tracheae 270 of supplement or discharge gas, flexible 203 side wall of guide rod of bearing are provided with several by inner cavity 267 and extraneous unicom Tensioner channel 268, each tensioner channel 268 be respectively arranged with the fixed tightening piece 269 in the outside of air bag 266, tensioner channel from Interior direction finding outside height gradually increases, and tightening piece 269 offsets with 4 inner wall of bearing part when air bag 266 is full of gas, and automatic tension is by axis Bearing member carries out school position, avoids being convenient for quick fetching while vibration, inclined tensioner channel keeps tightening piece automatically multiple using gravity Position.
Bearing transferring device 12 includes the bearing transfer rack 250 being arranged on pedestal 1, is vertically arranged in bearing transfer rack Bearing transfer crane 251 on 250, is laterally set the bearing radial shelf 252 being horizontally installed on bearing transfer crane 251 It sets the bearing radial direction cylinder 253 in bearing radial shelf 252, one end and the connection of bearing radial direction cylinder 253 and slides laterally setting Bearing in bearing radial shelf 252, which moves radially balladeur train 254, is vertically arranged in bearing moves radially bearing on balladeur train 254 Lifting captures cylinder 255 and is arranged and lifted on crawl cylinder 255 in bearing and for bearing to stretch on guide rod 203 Bearing part 4, which is removed and gives the bearing of bearing assembling device 13, picks up manipulator 256;Realize bearing transfer feeding.
Bearing assembling device 13 includes that setting is moved radially in bearing on balladeur train 254 and for bearing part 4 to be pressed into speed change Bearing push-down head 257 and setting in case lid 3 are moved radially in bearing on balladeur train 254 and for being positioned with 4 side of bearing part The bearing arc side handrail 258 of contact, plays guiding role, ease of assembly.
Assembling detection machine 14 includes the detection support 298 being arranged on pedestal 1, the detection being arranged in detection support 298 Elevating screw 299, the detection electric rotating machine 300 being arranged on the movable nut seat of detection elevating screw 299 and detection electric rotating 300 output end of machine is sequentially connected and the detection rotation taper head 301 for being inserted into 4 endoporus of bearing part, setting are in detection branch Detection cantilever shalving 303 and setting of the secondary bearing 302 of detection, swing of 298 side of frame on detection pair bearing 302 are detecting 303 cantilever end of cantilever shalving and the detection eccentric wheel 304 for being used to be in rolling contact with 4 outer surface of bearing part;On detection pair bearing 302 It is provided with the angular transducer for measuring detection 303 swing angle of cantilever shalving;Bearing rotary is driven by taper head, is then led to It crosses eccentric wheel to float up and down to detect the bounce of inner ring and end cap, and numeric feedback is realized automatic detection, ensured to processor Assembling quality.
Light camera detection machine 15 includes the light detection frame 305 being arranged on pedestal 1 and is arranged on light detection frame 305 And the light source camera 306 for irradiating the gear shift cover 3 after assembling.It is achieved by imaging record.
It is provided with below light source camera 306 and measures grating 307, measured below grating 307 and for receiving reflection The reflection optical receiver 308 of light.By grating light regulating, then according to the angle of the reflected beams, overall merit assembling Bounce precision improves detection precision.
Sealing ring feeding assembling 16 includes that the sealing ring being arranged on pedestal 1 is sent into guide rail 347, setting is sent into sealing ring On guide rail 347 and there are the sealing ring feeding pallet 348 that cylinder pushes, the sealing ring support being distributed on sealing ring feeding pallet 348 Disk radial groove 350 is arranged and is sent into support plate 351 outside the sealing element above pallet 348, distribution setting outside sealing element in sealing ring Exist on support plate 351 and positioned at the sealing ring radially-directed slot 352 above corresponding sealing ring pallet radial groove 350, setting On outer 351 lateral wall of support plate of sealing element and be set with band installation sealing collar member 5 sealing ring clamping lateral surface 353, be arranged and exist Sealing ring is sent on pallet 348 and clamps the sealing ring pallet upper surface 349 of 353 lower section of lateral surface positioned at sealing ring;To real Existing prefabricated feeding, sealing ring is conveniently fetched by groove.
Sealing coil installing device 17 includes the sealing coil 346 being arranged on pedestal 1, is horizontally installed on sealing coil 346 On sealing ring crossbeam 354, be horizontally installed on sealing ring crossbeam 354 sealing ring lateral cylinder 355, by sealing ring transverse direction gas Cylinder 355 is pulled in laterally movable sealing ring sliding rack 356 in 354 transverse shifting of sealing ring crossbeam, is vertically arranged in sealing ring Sealing ring on sliding rack 356 installs lifting cylinder 357, the sealing ring peace in 357 lower end of sealing ring installation lifting cylinder is arranged Sealing ring rotation motor 358, lower end and 358 lower end of sealing ring rotation motor shelve, being arranged on sealing ring mounting bracket are coaxial The sealing ring of connection and lower face with spiral of Archimedes slot is oriented to rotating seat, upper end is fixedly connected with sealing ring mounting bracket Sealing ring rotating fixing rod, be arranged on sealing ring rotating fixing rod lower end and positioned at sealing ring be oriented to rotating seat below it is close Seal guide holder 359, the sealing ring radial direction occlusal crib 363 for being radially arranged in 359 lower end of sealing ring guide holder, radially movable setting The sealing ring radial direction A Ji meter that interior and upper surface is engaged with spiral of Archimedes slot in corresponding sealing ring radial direction occlusal crib 363 Moral feather key 360, setting are propped up in 360 outer end lower part of sealing ring radial direction Archimedes feather key and for outer in sealing collar member 5 The sealing ring outer strut 361 of circle and setting are located at sealing ring radial direction Archimedes in sealing ring rotating fixing rod lower end and are oriented to Limitting casing 362 outside the sealing ring in 360 outside of key.
The gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology of the present embodiment, the technique includes the following steps,
Gear shift cover 3 to be assembled by manipulator or is manually placed into station and turns tire on 103 at material by step 1 first Has part 6;Then, station driving motor 102 drives station rotary disk 101 to rotate to 104 at station engraving;
Step 2, by means of laser carving device 10;First, laser lifting cylinder 154 drives laser crane 152 along laser It lifts guide slide 156 to decline, and covers on 3 top of gear shift cover;Then, laser engraving machine 150 starts, and according to prefabricated order In 3 side engraved markings of gear shift cover, meanwhile, laser dust absorption nozzle 153, which starts, siphons away the flue gas that engraving generates;Secondly, laser After engraving, laser crane 152, which rises, to be come;Finally, station driving motor 102 drives station rotary disk 101 to rotate to work 105 at the first assembling of position;
Step 3, by means of bearing assembly, first, the flexible guiding of bearing that bearing feeding motor 201 will be loaded with bearing part 4 At the rotation to bearing transferring device 12 of bar 203;Then, bearing lifting crawl cylinder 255 is picked up manipulator 256 with dynamic bearing and is captured The bearing part 4 that bearing stretches on guide rod 203;Secondly, bearing radial direction cylinder 253 drives bearing part 4 to be moved to first group of station 105 at dress, bearing lifting crawl 255 downlink of cylinder, bearing picks up manipulator 256 and bearing part 4 is placed on gear shift cover 3; Again, bearing radial direction cylinder 253 is picked up manipulator 256 with dynamic bearing and is left, while bearing push-down head 257 is moved to station 105 at one assembling, bearing lifting crawl cylinder 255 is with 257 downlink of dynamic bearing push-down head, two side bearing curved side handrails, 258 side To 4 position of adjustment bearing part;And then, bearing part 4 is pressed into gear shift cover 3 by bearing push-down head 257;Finally, station drives Motor 102 drives station rotary disk 101 to rotate to 106 at station detection.
Step 4, by means of assembling detection machine 14;First, detection rotation taper head 301 is inserted by detection elevating screw 299 Into 4 endoporus of bearing part, and bearing part 4 is driven to rotate;Then, detection eccentric wheel 304 is pressed on 4 upper surface of bearing part;Its Secondary, angular transducer is sent to processor by 303 amplitude of fluctuation of cantilever shalving is detected with hunting frequency;Finally, station driving motor 102 drive station rotary disks 101 are rotated away from 106 at station detection;
Step 6, first, station turn to expect that lifting cylinder 111 will be lifted off open mould part 6 on the gear shift cover 3 that assembling finishes;Then, It is drawn off by manually or mechanically hand.
Further include step 5 between step 4 and step 6, by means of light camera detection machine 15, when station rotary disk 101 rotate to 15 lower section of light camera detection machine, and light source camera 30 is opposite by measuring 4 upper surface of the detection bearing part of grating 307 End face run-out in 3 upper surface of gear shift cover;And it will directly acquire the picture of gear shift cover 3.
The technique all automates, bearing automatic feeding, auto-stitching, automatic to detect, automatic to assemble.
Reasonable design of the present invention, it is of low cost, durable, safe and reliable, easy to operate, time saving and energy saving, save fund, It is compact-sized and easy to use.
It is to be disclosed in order to more clear, and the prior art is just no longer enumerated that the present invention, which fully describes,.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:It still may be used To modify to the technical solution recorded in previous embodiment or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features;Make It is obvious to be combined to multiple technical solutions of the present invention for those skilled in the art.And these are changed or replace It changes, the spirit and scope for technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of intelligent bearing stores gearbox rear cover assembly, it is characterised in that:Including pedestal (1), it is arranged in pedestal (1) On rotary work station device (2), cover on protective cover on pedestal (1) outside and be arranged on pedestal (1) and filled with rotary work station Set (2) corresponding gearbox rear cover assembling center;
Rotary work station device (2) includes the station driving motor (102) being arranged on pedestal (1) and station driving motor (102) Be sequentially connected and be rotatably provided on pedestal (1) station rotary disk (101), be distributed on station rotary disk (101) by process Rotary work station, be arranged at each rotary work station and for fix gear shift cover (3) lower face mould part (6), setting exist The U-shaped deck (7) of mould part (6) symmetrical both sides in upper surface and setting are on U-shaped deck (7) and for fixing gear shift cover (3) V-arrangement locating slot (8) of both sides lug;
Rotary work station includes that the station for feeding and discharging of procedure connection successively turns at material (103), for gear shift cover (3) (104), first group of the station for being pressed into bearing part (4) in gear shift cover (3) at the station engraving of side engraved markings At dress at (105) and station detection for detecting bearing part (4) assembly precision (106);
Turn at material to be provided with station turn material fixed frame (109) below (103) in station, turns material fixed frame (109) in station On be provided with station and turn material guide rod (110), turn to be vertically arranged with station on material fixed frame (109) in station and turn material lifting air Cylinder (111), the through-hole being provided on station rotary disk (101) below mould part (6) turn material lifting cylinder in station (111) upper end is provided with turns material top end (112) for the station across through-hole,
Gearbox rear cover assembling center includes the laser carving device (10), bearing assembly of process link successively, detection group Fill assembly and sealing ring assembly;
Bearing assembly includes the bearing storage device (11), bearing transferring device (12) and bearing of procedure connection successively Assembling device (13);
Bearing storage device (11) includes the bearing rotary disk (202) being arranged on pedestal (1), is passed with bearing rotary disk (202) It moves the bearing feeding motor (201) of connection and is distributed on bearing rotary disk (202) vertically and is set with bearing part (4) Bearing stretches guide rod (203);
The bearing guide rod (203) that stretches is provided with height adjustment mechanism, and height adjustment mechanism includes lifter wheel(260), lifting Motor(261), the first infrared transmitter(262), the second infrared transmitter(271), infrared remote receiver(263)And signal receives bar (264), lifter wheel(260)Rotation setting and bearing rotary disk (202) lower section, lifter wheel(260)Middle part is provided with for axis Hold the drive hole that flexible guide rod (203) passes through simultaneously flexible guide rod (203) screw-thread fit of bearing, lifting motor(261)Installation Below bearing rotary disk (202) and driving is provided with and lifter wheel(260)The driving gear being meshed(265), signal connects It puts away sports equipment(264)It is vertically fixedly installed on pedestal (1), and guide rod (203) position of stretching with the bearing for being just handled upside down bearing part (4) Set corresponding, the first infrared remote receiver(262)And second infrared remote receiver(262)It is in turn secured to axis along top-down direction It holds at the top of flexible guide rod (203), infrared remote receiver(263)It is fixed on infrared remote receiver(263), and it is infrared for receiving first Transmitter(262)And second infrared transmitter(271)The infrared signal sent out, first infrared transmitter(262)And the Two infrared transmitters(271)Signal when being blocked by bearing part (4), infrared remote receiver(263)By controlling lifting motor (261)The flexible guide rod (203) of band dynamic bearing rises, until the first infrared transmitter(262)Signal be not blocked, second is red External transmitter(271)Signal blocked by bearing part (4);First infrared transmitter(262)And second infrared transmitter (271)Signal when not blocked by bearing part (4), infrared remote receiver(263)By controlling lifting motor(261)Band dynamic bearing Flexible guide rod (203) declines, until the first infrared transmitter(262)Signal be not blocked, the second infrared transmitter(271) Signal blocked by bearing part (4);
Bearing stretches, and guide rod (203) is interior to be provided with air bag(266)And installation air bag(266)Inner cavity(267), air bag(266) It is provided with the tracheae of supplement or discharge gas(270), bearing guide rod (203) side wall that stretches is provided with several by inner cavity (267)With the tensioner channel of extraneous unicom(268), each tensioner channel(268)It is respectively arranged with and air bag(266)Outside is fixed Tightening piece(269), tensioner channel(268)It is gradually increased from interior direction finding outside height, air bag(266)Tightening piece when full of gas (269)It offsets with bearing part (4) inner wall;
Bearing transferring device (12) includes the bearing transfer rack (250) being arranged on pedestal (1), is vertically arranged in bearing transfer rack (250) bearing transfer crane (251) on, the bearing radial shelf being horizontally installed on bearing transfer crane (251) (252), bearing radial direction cylinder (253), one end and the bearing radial direction cylinder (253) being horizontally installed in bearing radial shelf (252) It connects and slides laterally the bearing being arranged in bearing radial shelf (252) and move radially balladeur train (254), be vertically arranged in bearing diameter Bearing lifting crawl cylinder (255) and setting on mobile balladeur train (254) lift on crawl cylinder (255) in bearing and For removing and giving the bearing of bearing assembling device (13) and picking up machine the bearing bearing part (4) on guide rod (203) that stretches Tool hand (256);
Bearing assembling device (13) includes that setting moves radially on balladeur train (254) in bearing and becomes for bearing part (4) to be pressed into Bearing push-down head (257) in fast case lid (3) and setting are moved radially on balladeur train (254) and are used for and bearing part in bearing (4) the bearing arc side handrail (258) of side positioning contact.
2. intelligent bearing according to claim 1 stores gearbox rear cover assembly, it is characterised in that:
It includes assembling detection machine (14) to detect assembly;
Sealing ring assembly includes sealing ring feeding assembling (16) and the sealing coil installing device of procedure connection successively (17);
Laser carving device (10) includes setting in pedestal (1) side and for the engraved markings on gear shift cover (3) side Laser engraving machine (150), setting laser engraving machine (150) head laser fix side frame (151), be vertically arranged in respectively it is sharp Laser lifting guide slide (156) on photofixation side frame (151) is with laser lifting cylinder (154), setting in laser lifting air The laser that laser on cylinder (154) piston rod lifts connecting seat (155), is movably arranged in laser lifting guide slide (156) Lift feather key, respectively with laser lifting connecting seat (155) and laser lifting be oriented to be keyed laser crane (152), with And the laser dust absorption nozzle (153) being arranged on laser crane (152).
3. intelligent bearing according to claim 2 stores gearbox rear cover assembly, it is characterised in that:Assembling detection Machine (14) includes the detection elevating screw of the detection support (298) being arranged on pedestal (1), setting in detection support (298) (299), detection electric rotating machine (300) and detection electric rotating machine of the setting on the movable nut seat of detection elevating screw (299) (300) output end is sequentially connected and the detection rotation taper head (301) for being inserted into bearing part (4) endoporus, setting are being examined Survey the detection pair bearing (302) of holder (298) side, the detection cantilever shalving (303) swung on the secondary bearing (302) of detection, with And detection eccentric wheel of the setting detecting cantilever shalving (303) cantilever end and for being in rolling contact with bearing part (4) outer surface (304);The angular transducer for measuring detection cantilever shalving (303) swing angle is provided on the secondary bearing (302) of detection.
CN201810421596.0A 2018-05-04 2018-05-04 Gearbox rear cover assembly is stored to intelligence bearing Active CN108714742B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110883526A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-03-17 合肥华升泵阀股份有限公司 Assembling tool for assembling pump valve bearing and working method thereof
CN112008369A (en) * 2020-08-15 2020-12-01 温岭市微米自动化设备有限公司 Automatic bearing press fitting equipment
CN112296619A (en) * 2019-07-25 2021-02-02 中石化石油工程技术服务有限公司 Plunger pump valve body prosthetic devices

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CN105729105A (en) * 2014-12-09 2016-07-06 重庆渝南科技股份有限公司 Assembling method for gearbox
CN106041483A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-10-26 南京航空航天大学 Automatic assembly device and assembly method of cross shaft assembly bearing
CN106425464A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 珠海亿润自动化设备有限公司 Automatic assembly process for assembling automobile transmission gear oil filter
CN206142431U (en) * 2016-10-10 2017-05-03 杨萌茜 A conveyer for gearbox assembly

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JPH06288444A (en) * 1993-03-31 1994-10-11 Mazda Motor Corp Transmission assembling method
CN105729105A (en) * 2014-12-09 2016-07-06 重庆渝南科技股份有限公司 Assembling method for gearbox
CN205315516U (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-06-15 山西新环橡塑制品有限公司 Car pressure bearing automatic assembly device
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CN112296619A (en) * 2019-07-25 2021-02-02 中石化石油工程技术服务有限公司 Plunger pump valve body prosthetic devices
CN110883526A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-03-17 合肥华升泵阀股份有限公司 Assembling tool for assembling pump valve bearing and working method thereof
CN112008369A (en) * 2020-08-15 2020-12-01 温岭市微米自动化设备有限公司 Automatic bearing press fitting equipment

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