CN108747027A - Gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology - Google Patents

Gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108747027A
CN108747027A CN201810422159.0A CN201810422159A CN108747027A CN 108747027 A CN108747027 A CN 108747027A CN 201810422159 A CN201810422159 A CN 201810422159A CN 108747027 A CN108747027 A CN 108747027A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
station
bearing
sealing ring
gear shift
assembling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810422159.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108747027B (en
Inventor
周斯加
黄智博
赵云
李峰平
储军
张毅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Intelligent Manufacturing of Wenzhou University
Original Assignee
Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Intelligent Manufacturing of Wenzhou University
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Application filed by Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Intelligent Manufacturing of Wenzhou University filed Critical Institute of Laser and Optoelectronics Intelligent Manufacturing of Wenzhou University
Priority to CN201810422159.0A priority Critical patent/CN108747027B/en
Publication of CN108747027A publication Critical patent/CN108747027A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108747027B publication Critical patent/CN108747027B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/16Removal of by-products, e.g. particles or vapours produced during treatment of a workpiece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/36Removing material
    • B23K26/361Removing material for deburring or mechanical trimming
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • B23P21/006Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed the conveying means comprising a rotating table

Abstract

The present invention relates to gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technologies comprising pedestal, the rotary work station device being set on the base, cover on the protective cover on pedestal outside and be set on the base and gearbox rear cover corresponding with rotary work station device assembling center;Rotary work station device include the station driving motor being set on the base, the station rotary disk for being sequentially connected and being rotatably provided on pedestal with station driving motor, the rotary work station being distributed on station rotary disk by process, be arranged at each rotary work station and for fix the mould part of gear shift cover lower face, be arranged the symmetrical both sides in mould part upper surface U-shaped deck and be arranged on U-shaped deck and for fixing the V-arrangement locating slot of gear shift cover both sides lug;Rotary work station device plays the role of process transfer linking.It is reasonable design of the present invention, compact-sized and easy to use.

Description

Gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technologies.
Background technology
Currently, the bearing cap of transmission main shaft, is generally formed using cast iron process, wilful poor, existing assembling mode Bearing percussion is manually installed in bearing cap or bearing block by rubber hammer or wooden mallet by general use, and installation accuracy is not easily-controllable System cannot achieve standardized work, and sealing ring installation is simple and crude, is susceptible to and gnaws side situation, how provide one kind efficiently, just Victory, convenient for the gearbox rear cover package system and gearbox rear cover laser engraving assembling work with laser engraving of automation control Skill becomes the technical issues of being badly in need of solving.
Invention content
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are generally speaking to provide a kind of gearbox rear cover group with laser engraving Dress system and gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology;The technical issues of solving in detail and acquirement advantageous effect are aftermentioned interior Hold and content in specific implementation mode is combined to specifically describe.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
Gearbox rear cover package system with laser engraving, including pedestal, the rotary work station device, the outer cover that are set on the base It protective cover on pedestal and is set on the base and gearbox rear cover corresponding with rotary work station device assembling center;
Rotary work station device includes the station driving motor being set on the base, being sequentially connected and rotating with station driving motor sets It sets the station rotary disk on pedestal, the rotary work station that is distributed in by process on station rotary disk, be arranged in each rotary work station Place and for fixing the mould part of gear shift cover lower face, U-shaped deck, Yi Jishe in the symmetrical both sides in mould part upper surface being arranged Set the V-arrangement locating slot on U-shaped deck and for fixing gear shift cover both sides lug;Rotary work station device plays process transfer rank The effect connect so that system structure is compact, and floor space is small, and conveyer belt is avoided to need the problem of adjustment level.Pass through two V Shape locating slot realizes positioning and fastening with mould part.
Rotary work station includes that the station for feeding and discharging of procedure connection successively turns at material, for gear shift cover side At the first assembling of station at the station engraving of face engraved markings, for bearing part to be pressed into gear shift cover, it is used for detection axis At station upload at the station detection of bearing member assembly precision, for the upload of rear transmission gear box lid picture will to be assembled and for inciting somebody to action It seals at the second assembling of station that collar member is packed on gear shift cover;It is corresponding to complete corresponding process by above-mentioned station.
Station rotary disk center is provided with the angle photoelectric sensor with station rotary disk coaxial rotating, in each rotation Station is both provided with station photoelectric sensor;It realizes closed loop detection, passes through process positioning accuracy.
Turn to be provided with station turn material fixed frame below at material in station, turns to be provided with station on material fixed frame in station Turn material guide rod, turns to be vertically arranged with station turn material lifting cylinder on material fixed frame in station, be arranged on station rotary disk There is the through-hole below mould part, turning material lifting cylinder upper end in station is provided with for turning to push up on material across the station of through-hole Head.Self-emptying may be implemented by the part, avoid damage sealing ring and bearing.
As laser engraving and assembling core cell, gearbox rear cover assembling center includes the laser carving of process link successively Engraving device, bearing assembly, detection assembly and sealing ring assembly;
Bearing assembly includes the bearing storage device, bearing transferring device and bearing assembling device of procedure connection successively; So-called procedure connection can be rotating disk or assembly line etc..
It includes assembling detection machine, and/or light camera detection machine to detect assembly;
Sealing ring assembly includes the assembling of sealing ring feeding and the sealing coil installing device of procedure connection successively;
Illustrate, laser carving device include be arranged pedestal side and on gear shift cover side engraved markings swash Light engraving machine, be arranged laser engraving chain-drive section laser fix side frame, be vertically arranged in respectively laser fix side frame on swash Light lifts guide slide and laser lifting cylinder, the laser being arranged on laser lifting cylinder piston rod lifting connecting seat, activity The laser in laser lifting guide slide is arranged to lift feather key, lift connecting seat and laser lifting feather key with laser respectively The laser crane of connection and the laser dust absorption nozzle being arranged on laser crane.Protective action is realized by shelf, is passed through Dust absorption nozzle siphons away flue dust, to ensure clean cleaning.
Bearing storage device includes on the bearing that the bearing rotary disk being set on the base and bearing rotary disk are sequentially connected Material motor and the flexible guide rod of the vertical bearing for being distributed on bearing rotary disk and being set with bearing part;By being oriented to pole-footing Flexible guiding is realized according to the quantity of bearing, so as to shorten the time of pickup, improves efficiency.
Bearing transferring device includes the bearing transfer rack being set on the base, the bearing being vertically arranged on bearing transfer rack Transfer crane, the bearing radial shelf being horizontally installed on bearing transfer crane, the axis being horizontally installed in bearing radial shelf It holds radial cylinder, one end and the connection of bearing radial direction cylinder and slides laterally the bearing being arranged in bearing radial shelf and move radially cunning Frame, be vertically arranged in bearing move radially on balladeur train bearing lifting crawl cylinder and setting bearing lift crawl cylinder It is upper and for removing and giving the bearing of bearing assembling device and picking up manipulator the bearing bearing part on guide rod that stretches;It realizes Bearing transfer feeding.
Bearing assembling device includes that setting is moved radially in bearing on balladeur train and for bearing part to be pressed into gear shift cover Bearing push-down head and being arranged moved radially on balladeur train in bearing and for positioning the bearing arc contacted with bearing part side Side handrail plays guiding role, ease of assembly.
Assembling detection machine includes the detection support being set on the base, the detection elevating screw that is arranged in detection support, Be arranged detection elevating screw movable nut seat on detection electric rotating machine, with detection electric rotating machine output end be sequentially connected and For be inserted into bearing part endoporus detection rotation taper head, be arranged detection support side detection pair bearing, swing exist Detection cantilever shalving and setting on the secondary bearing of detection connect in detection cantilever shalving cantilever end and for being rolled with bearing part outer surface Tactile detection eccentric wheel;The angular transducer for measuring detection cantilever shalving swing angle is provided on the secondary bearing of detection;It is logical It crosses taper head and drives bearing rotary, then floated up and down by eccentric wheel to detect the bounce of inner ring and end cap, and numerical value is anti- It feeds processor, realizes automatic detection, ensure assembling quality.
Light camera detection machine includes the light detection frame being set on the base and is arranged on light detection frame and is used to irradiate The light source camera of gear shift cover after assembling.It is achieved by imaging record.
It is provided with measurement grating below light source camera, is measuring the reflection below grating and for receiving reflection light Optical receiver.By grating light regulating, then according to the angle of the reflected beams, the bounce precision of overall merit assembling improves Detect precision.
The assembling of sealing ring feeding includes that the sealing ring being set on the base is sent into guide rail, setting is sent into sealing ring on guide rail And the sealing ring for having cylinder to push is sent into pallet, is distributed in sealing ring pallet radial groove, setting that sealing ring is sent on pallet Support plate outside the sealing element above pallet, distribution setting are sent into outside sealing element on support plate and positioned in corresponding sealing in sealing ring Sealing ring radially-directed slot, setting above circle pallet radial groove on support plate lateral wall and are set with band installation outside sealing element Sealing collar member sealing ring clamp lateral surface, setting sealing ring be sent into pallet on and positioned at sealing ring clamp lateral surface below Sealing ring pallet upper surface;To realize prefabricated feeding, sealing ring is conveniently fetched by groove.
Sealing coil installing device includes the sealing coil being set on the base, is horizontally installed on the sealing ring sealed in coil Crossbeam, the sealing ring lateral cylinder being horizontally installed on sealing ring crossbeam, by sealing ring lateral cylinder be pulled in it is laterally movable The sealing ring sliding rack of sealing ring crossbeam transverse shifting, the sealing ring being vertically arranged on sealing ring sliding rack install lifting air Sealing ring mounting bracket, the sealing ring being arranged on the sealing ring mounting bracket rotation that lifting cylinder lower end is installed in sealing ring is arranged in cylinder Turn motor, lower end and sealing ring rotation motor lower end is coaxially connected and sealing ring of the lower face with spiral of Archimedes slot is led The sealing ring rotating fixing rod that is fixedly connected to rotating seat, upper end with sealing ring mounting bracket is arranged in sealing ring rotating fixing rod On lower end and positioned at sealing ring be oriented to rotating seat below sealing ring guide holder, be radially arranged in the close of sealing ring guide holder lower end Seal radial direction occlusal crib radially movable is arranged in corresponding sealing ring radial direction occlusal crib and upper surface and spiral of Archimedes The sealing ring radial direction Archimedes feather key of slot occlusion is arranged in sealing ring radial direction Archimedes's feather key outer end lower part and is used for The outer sealing ring outer strut for propping up sealing collar member inner ring and setting are located at sealing ring radial direction in sealing ring rotating fixing rod lower end The outer limitting casing of sealing ring on the outside of Archimedes's feather key.
Realize that each bar is moved radially with speed simultaneously by spiral of Archimedes, it is convenient and efficient, by limitting casing into Row limit, has sealing ring to have elasticity, and propped up outside bar under the action of forms polygonized structure, when it is entered in groove, Part card in the trench, to which convenient pole takes out, realizes automatic charging, automatic to assemble.
The gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology of the present embodiment, the technique includes the following steps,
Gear shift cover to be assembled by manipulator or is manually placed into station and turns mould part at material by step 1 first; Then, station driving motor drives station rotary to spiral and goes at station engraving;
Step 2, by means of laser carving device;First, laser lifting cylinder drives laser crane to be lifted along laser and is oriented to Slideway declines, and covers on above gear shift cover;Then, laser engraving machine starts, and according to prefabricated order in gear shift cover side Engraved markings, meanwhile, laser dust absorption nozzle, which starts, siphons away the flue gas that engraving generates;Secondly, after laser engraving, laser lifting Frame, which rises, to be come;Finally, station driving motor drives station rotary to spiral and goes at the first assembling of station;
Step 3, by means of bearing assembly, first, bearing feeding motor revolves the flexible guide rod of the bearing for being loaded with bearing part It goes at bearing transferring device;Then, bearing lifting crawl cylinder band dynamic bearing picks up the flexible guide rod of manipulator crawl bearing On bearing part;Secondly, bearing radial direction cylinder drives bearing part to be moved at the first assembling of station, under bearing lifting crawl cylinder Row, bearing pick up manipulator and bearing part are placed on gear shift cover;Again, bearing radial direction cylinder band dynamic bearing picks up manipulator It leaves, while bearing push-down head being moved at the first assembling of station, under bearing lifting crawl cylinder band dynamic bearing push-down head Row, two side bearing curved side handrails laterally adjust bearing part position;And then, bearing part is pressed into gear shift cover by bearing push-down head In;Finally, station driving motor drives station rotary to spiral and goes at station detection.
Step 4, by means of assembling detection machine;First, detection rotation taper head is inserted into bearing part by detection elevating screw In endoporus, and bearing part is driven to rotate;Then, detection eccentric wheel is pressed on bearing part upper surface;Secondly, angular transducer will Detection cantilever shalving amplitude of fluctuation is sent to processor with hunting frequency;Finally, station driving motor drives station rotary disc spins It leaves at station detection;
Step 6, by means of sealing ring assembly;It is gone at the second assembling of station when station rotary spirals;First, sealing ring Guide rail is sent into send support plate outside the sealing element of advance installation sealing collar member to support plate outside sealing element;Then, sealing ring installation rises Sending down abnormally ascending cylinder band dynamic seal ring outer strut is inserted into sealing ring radially-directed slot;Secondly, sealing ring rotation motor band dynamic seal ring is oriented to Rotating seat rotates, while sealing ring is oriented to rotating seat band dynamic seal ring radial direction Archimedes feather key and is radially engaged along sealing ring Slot is moved radially outward, and props up sealing collar member inner ring outside;And it leaves sealing ring along sealing ring pallet radial groove and is sent into pallet; Again, in the case where sealing ring lateral cylinder and sealing ring lateral cylinder drive, sealing collar member is sleeved on to the seal groove of gear shift cover It is interior;And then, sealing ring outer strut is retracted;Finally, station driving motor drives station rotary to spiral and goes to station and turn at material;
Step 7, first, station turn to expect that lifting cylinder will be lifted off open mould part on the gear shift cover that assembling finishes;Then, pass through Manually or mechanically hand is drawn off.
Further include step 5 between step 4 and step 6, by means of light camera detection machine, when station rotary spirals It goes to below light camera detection machine, light source camera is by measuring Grating examinations bearing part upper surface relative to gear shift cover upper table The end face run-out in face;And it will directly acquire the picture of gear shift cover.
The technique all automates, bearing automatic feeding, auto-stitching, automatic to detect, sealing ring automatic charging, automatic group Dress.Beneficial effects of the present invention description without being limited thereto has carried out more to preferably be easy to understand in specific embodiment part Add detailed description.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram at the first visual angle of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram at the second visual angle of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of rotary work station device of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram at another visual angle of rotary work station device of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of laser carving device of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of bearing transferring device of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of bearing assembling device of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of present invention assembling detection machine;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of light camera detection machine of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of sealing ring feeding assembling of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of present invention sealing coil installing device;
Wherein:1, pedestal;2, rotary work station device;3, gear shift cover;4, bearing part;5, collar member is sealed;6, mould part;7, U-shaped Deck;8, V-arrangement locating slot;10, laser carving device;11, bearing storage device;12, bearing transferring device;13, bearing assembles Device;14, detection machine is assembled;15, light camera detection machine;16, sealing ring feeding assembles;17, coil installing device is sealed;18, angle Spend photoelectric sensor;19, station photoelectric sensor;101, station rotary disk;102, station driving motor;103, station turns material Place;104, at station engraving;105, at the first assembling of station;106, at station detection;107, at station upload;108, station At two assemblings;109, station turns material fixed frame;110, station turns material guide rod;111, station turns material lifting cylinder;112, work Position turns material top end;150, laser engraving machine;151, laser fixes side frame;152, laser crane;153, laser dust absorption nozzle; 154, laser lifting cylinder;155, laser lifts connecting seat;156, laser lifts guide slide;201, bearing feeding motor; 202, bearing rotary disk;203, the flexible guide rod of bearing;250, bearing transfer rack;251, bearing transfer crane;252, bearing Radial shelf;253, bearing radial direction cylinder;254, bearing moves radially balladeur train;255, bearing lifting crawl cylinder;256, bearing is grabbed Play manipulator;257, bearing push-down head;258, bearing arc side handrail;298, detection support;299, elevating screw is detected;300, Detect electric rotating machine;301, detection rotation taper head;302, secondary bearing is detected;303, cantilever shalving is detected;304, eccentric wheel is detected; 305, light detection frame;306, light source camera;307, grating is measured;308, optical receiver is reflected;346, coil is sealed;347, close Guide rail is sent into seal;348, sealing ring is sent into pallet;349, sealing ring pallet upper surface;350, sealing ring pallet radial groove; 351, the outer support plate of sealing element;352, sealing ring radially-directed slot;353, sealing ring clamps lateral surface;354, sealing ring crossbeam; 355, sealing ring lateral cylinder;356, sealing ring sliding rack;357, sealing ring installs lifting cylinder;358, sealing ring rotates horse It reaches;359, sealing ring guide holder;360, sealing ring radial direction Archimedes feather key;361, sealing ring outer strut;362, sealing ring Outer limitting casing;363, sealing ring radial direction occlusal crib.
Specific implementation mode
As shown in figs. 1-12, the gearbox rear cover package system with laser engraving of the present embodiment, including pedestal 1, set Set the rotary work station device 2 on pedestal 1, cover on protective cover on pedestal 1 outside and be arranged on pedestal 1 and with rotation work Position 2 corresponding gearbox rear cover of device assembles center;
Rotary work station device 2 includes the station driving motor 102 being arranged on pedestal 1, is sequentially connected with station driving motor 102 And be rotatably provided on pedestal 1 station rotary disk 101, be distributed in by process on station rotary disk 101 rotary work station, setting At each rotary work station and for fixing the mould part 6 of 3 lower face of gear shift cover, being arranged in 6 upper surface of mould part symmetrical two The U-shaped deck 7 of side and the V-arrangement locating slot 8 for being arranged on U-shaped deck 7 and be used to fix 3 both sides lug of gear shift cover;Rotation Station apparatus 2 plays the role of process transfer linking, and such that system structure is compact, floor space is small, and conveyer belt is avoided to need Adjust horizontal problem.Positioning and fastening are realized by two V-arrangement locating slots 8 and mould part 6.
Rotary work station includes that the station for feeding and discharging of procedure connection successively turns 103 at material, for gearbox At the first assembling of station 104 at the station engraving of 3 side engraved markings of lid, for bearing part 4 to be pressed into gear shift cover 3 105, for the work 106 at detecting the station detection of 4 assembly precision of bearing part, for the upload of 3 picture of rear transmission gear box lid will to be assembled Position upload at 107 and for will seal collar member 5 loading gear shift cover 3 on the second assembling of station at 108;Pass through above-mentioned work Position, it is corresponding to complete corresponding process.
It is provided centrally with the angle photoelectric sensor 18 with 101 coaxial rotating of station rotary disk in station rotary disk 101, Each rotary work station is both provided with station photoelectric sensor 19;It realizes closed loop detection, passes through process positioning accuracy.
Turn to be provided with station turn material fixed frame 109 below 103 at material in station, turn on material fixed frame 109 in station It is provided with station and turns material guide rod 110, turn to be vertically arranged with station turn material lifting cylinder 111 on material fixed frame 109 in station, The through-hole being provided on station rotary disk 101 below mould part 6 turns 111 upper end of material lifting cylinder in station and is provided with For turning material top end 112 across the station of through-hole.Self-emptying may be implemented by the part, avoid damage sealing ring and axis It holds.
As laser engraving and assembling core cell, gearbox rear cover assembling center includes the laser carving of process link successively Engraving device 10, bearing assembly, detection assembly and sealing ring assembly;
Bearing assembly includes bearing storage device 11, bearing transferring device 12 and the bearing assembling of procedure connection successively Device 13;So-called procedure connection can be rotating disk or assembly line etc..
It includes assembling detection machine 14, and/or light camera detection machine 15 to detect assembly;
Sealing ring assembly includes sealing ring feeding assembling 16 and the sealing coil installing device 17 of procedure connection successively;
It illustrates, laser carving device 10 includes setting in 1 side of pedestal and for the engraved markings on 3 side of gear shift cover Laser engraving machine 150, the laser that is arranged on 150 head of laser engraving machine fix that side frame 151, to be vertically arranged in laser respectively solid The laser lifting guide slide 156 on side frame 151 is determined with laser lifting cylinder 154, setting in 154 piston rod of laser lifting cylinder On laser lifting connecting seat 155, be movably arranged on laser lifting guide slide 156 in laser lifting feather key, respectively with Laser lifts connecting seat 155 and laser lifting is oriented to the laser crane 152 of key connection and is arranged in laser crane 152 On laser dust absorption nozzle 153.Protective action is realized by shelf, is siphoned away flue dust by dust absorption nozzle, to ensure clean cleaning.
Bearing storage device 11 includes the bearing rotary disk 202 being arranged on pedestal 1, connects with the transmission of bearing rotary disk 202 The bearing feeding motor 201 and the vertical bearing for being distributed on bearing rotary disk 202 and being set with bearing part 4 connect is stretched and is led To bar 203;Flexible guiding is realized according to the quantity of bearing by guide rod, so as to shorten the time of pickup, improves efficiency.
Bearing transferring device 12 includes the bearing transfer rack 250 being arranged on pedestal 1, is vertically arranged in bearing transfer rack Bearing transfer crane 251 on 250, is laterally set the bearing radial shelf 252 being horizontally installed on bearing transfer crane 251 It sets the bearing radial direction cylinder 253 in bearing radial shelf 252, one end and the connection of bearing radial direction cylinder 253 and slides laterally setting Bearing in bearing radial shelf 252, which moves radially balladeur train 254, is vertically arranged in bearing moves radially bearing on balladeur train 254 Lifting captures cylinder 255 and is arranged and lifted on crawl cylinder 255 in bearing and for bearing to stretch on guide rod 203 Bearing part 4, which is removed and gives the bearing of bearing assembling device 13, picks up manipulator 256;Realize bearing transfer feeding.
Bearing assembling device 13 includes that setting is moved radially in bearing on balladeur train 254 and for bearing part 4 to be pressed into speed change Bearing push-down head 257 and setting in case lid 3 are moved radially in bearing on balladeur train 254 and for being positioned with 4 side of bearing part The bearing arc side handrail 258 of contact, plays guiding role, ease of assembly.
Assembling detection machine 14 includes the detection support 298 being arranged on pedestal 1, the detection being arranged in detection support 298 Elevating screw 299, the detection electric rotating machine 300 being arranged on the movable nut seat of detection elevating screw 299 and detection electric rotating 300 output end of machine is sequentially connected and the detection rotation taper head 301 for being inserted into 4 endoporus of bearing part, setting are in detection branch Detection cantilever shalving 303 and setting of the secondary bearing 302 of detection, swing of 298 side of frame on detection pair bearing 302 are detecting 303 cantilever end of cantilever shalving and the detection eccentric wheel 304 for being used to be in rolling contact with 4 outer surface of bearing part;On detection pair bearing 302 It is provided with the angular transducer for measuring detection 303 swing angle of cantilever shalving;Bearing rotary is driven by taper head, is then led to It crosses eccentric wheel to float up and down to detect the bounce of inner ring and end cap, and numeric feedback is realized automatic detection, ensured to processor Assembling quality.
Light camera detection machine 15 includes the light detection frame 305 being arranged on pedestal 1 and is arranged on light detection frame 305 And the light source camera 306 for irradiating the gear shift cover 3 after assembling.It is achieved by imaging record.
It is provided with below light source camera 306 and measures grating 307, measured below grating 307 and for receiving reflection The reflection optical receiver 308 of light.By grating light regulating, then according to the angle of the reflected beams, overall merit assembling Bounce precision improves detection precision.
Sealing ring feeding assembling 16 includes that the sealing ring being arranged on pedestal 1 is sent into guide rail 347, setting is sent into sealing ring On guide rail 347 and there are the sealing ring feeding pallet 348 that cylinder pushes, the sealing ring support being distributed on sealing ring feeding pallet 348 Disk radial groove 350 is arranged and is sent into support plate 351 outside the sealing element above pallet 348, distribution setting outside sealing element in sealing ring Exist on support plate 351 and positioned at the sealing ring radially-directed slot 352 above corresponding sealing ring pallet radial groove 350, setting On outer 351 lateral wall of support plate of sealing element and be set with band installation sealing collar member 5 sealing ring clamping lateral surface 353, be arranged and exist Sealing ring is sent on pallet 348 and clamps the sealing ring pallet upper surface 349 of 353 lower section of lateral surface positioned at sealing ring;To real Existing prefabricated feeding, sealing ring is conveniently fetched by groove.
Sealing coil installing device 17 includes the sealing coil 346 being arranged on pedestal 1, is horizontally installed on sealing coil 346 On sealing ring crossbeam 354, be horizontally installed on sealing ring crossbeam 354 sealing ring lateral cylinder 355, by sealing ring transverse direction gas Cylinder 355 is pulled in laterally movable sealing ring sliding rack 356 in 354 transverse shifting of sealing ring crossbeam, is vertically arranged in sealing ring Sealing ring on sliding rack 356 installs lifting cylinder 357, the sealing ring peace in 357 lower end of sealing ring installation lifting cylinder is arranged Sealing ring rotation motor 358, lower end and 358 lower end of sealing ring rotation motor shelve, being arranged on sealing ring mounting bracket are coaxial The sealing ring of connection and lower face with spiral of Archimedes slot is oriented to rotating seat, upper end is fixedly connected with sealing ring mounting bracket Sealing ring rotating fixing rod, be arranged on sealing ring rotating fixing rod lower end and positioned at sealing ring be oriented to rotating seat below it is close Seal guide holder 359, the sealing ring radial direction occlusal crib 363 for being radially arranged in 359 lower end of sealing ring guide holder, radially movable setting The sealing ring radial direction A Ji meter that interior and upper surface is engaged with spiral of Archimedes slot in corresponding sealing ring radial direction occlusal crib 363 Moral feather key 360, setting are propped up in 360 outer end lower part of sealing ring radial direction Archimedes feather key and for outer in sealing collar member 5 The sealing ring outer strut 361 of circle and setting are located at sealing ring radial direction Archimedes in sealing ring rotating fixing rod lower end and are oriented to Limitting casing 362 outside the sealing ring in 360 outside of key.
Realize that each bar is moved radially with speed simultaneously by spiral of Archimedes, it is convenient and efficient, by limitting casing into Row limit, has sealing ring to have elasticity, and propped up outside bar under the action of forms polygonized structure, when it is entered in groove, Part card in the trench, to which convenient pole takes out, realizes automatic charging, automatic to assemble.
The gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology of the present embodiment, the technique includes the following steps,
Gear shift cover 3 to be assembled by manipulator or is manually placed into station and turns tire on 103 at material by step 1 first Has part 6;Then, station driving motor 102 drives station rotary disk 101 to rotate to 104 at station engraving;
Step 2, by means of laser carving device 10;First, laser lifting cylinder 154 drives laser crane 152 along laser It lifts guide slide 156 to decline, and covers on 3 top of gear shift cover;Then, laser engraving machine 150 starts, and according to prefabricated order In 3 side engraved markings of gear shift cover, meanwhile, laser dust absorption nozzle 153, which starts, siphons away the flue gas that engraving generates;Secondly, laser After engraving, laser crane 152, which rises, to be come;Finally, station driving motor 102 drives station rotary disk 101 to rotate to work 105 at the first assembling of position;
Step 3, by means of bearing assembly, first, the flexible guiding of bearing that bearing feeding motor 201 will be loaded with bearing part 4 At the rotation to bearing transferring device 12 of bar 203;Then, bearing lifting crawl cylinder 255 is picked up manipulator 256 with dynamic bearing and is captured The bearing part 4 that bearing stretches on guide rod 203;Secondly, bearing radial direction cylinder 253 drives bearing part 4 to be moved to first group of station 105 at dress, bearing lifting crawl 255 downlink of cylinder, bearing picks up manipulator 256 and bearing part 4 is placed on gear shift cover 3; Again, bearing radial direction cylinder 253 is picked up manipulator 256 with dynamic bearing and is left, while bearing push-down head 257 is moved to station 105 at one assembling, bearing lifting crawl cylinder 255 is with 257 downlink of dynamic bearing push-down head, two side bearing curved side handrails, 258 side To 4 position of adjustment bearing part;And then, bearing part 4 is pressed into gear shift cover 3 by bearing push-down head 257;Finally, station drives Motor 102 drives station rotary disk 101 to rotate to 106 at station detection.
Step 4, by means of assembling detection machine 14;First, detection rotation taper head 301 is inserted by detection elevating screw 299 Into 4 endoporus of bearing part, and bearing part 4 is driven to rotate;Then, detection eccentric wheel 304 is pressed on 4 upper surface of bearing part;Its Secondary, angular transducer is sent to processor by 303 amplitude of fluctuation of cantilever shalving is detected with hunting frequency;Finally, station driving motor 102 drive station rotary disks 101 are rotated away from 106 at station detection;
Step 6, by means of sealing ring assembly;When station rotary disk 101 rotates to 108 at the second assembling of station;First, Sealing ring is sent into guide rail 347 and send support plate 351 outside the sealing element of advance installation sealing collar member 5 to support plate outside sealing element 351;So Afterwards, sealing ring installation lifting cylinder 357 is inserted into sealing ring radially-directed slot 352 with dynamic seal ring outer strut 361;Secondly, sealing It encloses rotation motor 358 and is oriented to rotating seat rotation with dynamic seal ring, while sealing ring is oriented to rotating seat band dynamic seal ring radial direction A Ji Mead feather key 360 is moved radially outward along sealing ring radial direction occlusal crib 363, props up sealing 5 inner ring of collar member outside;And along close Seal pallet radial groove 350 leaves sealing ring and is sent into pallet 348;Again, lateral in sealing ring lateral cylinder 355 and sealing ring Under cylinder 355 drives, sealing collar member 5 is sleeved in the seal groove of gear shift cover 3;And then, sealing ring outer strut 361 contracts It returns;Finally, station driving motor 102 drives station rotary disk 101 to rotate to station and turns 103 at material;
Step 7, first, station turn to expect that lifting cylinder 111 will be lifted off open mould part 6 on the gear shift cover 3 that assembling finishes;Then, It is drawn off by manually or mechanically hand.
Further include step 5 between step 4 and step 6, by means of light camera detection machine 15, when station rotary disk 101 rotate to 15 lower section of light camera detection machine, and light source camera 30 is opposite by measuring 4 upper surface of the detection bearing part of grating 307 End face run-out in 3 upper surface of gear shift cover;And it will directly acquire the picture of gear shift cover 3.
The technique all automates, bearing automatic feeding, auto-stitching, automatic to detect, sealing ring automatic charging, automatic group Dress.
Reasonable design of the present invention, it is of low cost, durable, safe and reliable, easy to operate, time saving and energy saving, save fund, It is compact-sized and easy to use.
It is to be disclosed in order to more clear, and the prior art is just no longer enumerated that the present invention, which fully describes,.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:It still may be used To modify to the technical solution recorded in previous embodiment or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features;Make It is obvious to be combined to multiple technical solutions of the present invention for those skilled in the art.And these are changed or replace It changes, the spirit and scope for technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology, it is characterised in that:After the gearbox with laser engraving Lid package system, the system include pedestal (1), the rotary work station device (2) being arranged on pedestal (1) and are arranged in pedestal (1) on and gearbox rear cover corresponding with rotary work station device (2) assembles center;Rotary work station device (2) includes being arranged the bottom of at Station driving motor (102) and station driving motor (102) on seat (1) are sequentially connected and are rotatably provided on pedestal (1) Station rotary disk (101), is arranged at each rotary work station the rotary work station being distributed in by process on station rotary disk (101) And the mould part (6) for fixing gear shift cover (3) lower face;Rotary work station include successively procedure connection for feeding and go out The station of material turn at material (103), for (104) at the station engraving of gear shift cover (3) side engraved markings, for by bearing (105), the station inspection for detecting bearing part (4) assembly precision at the first assembling of station in part (4) indentation gear shift cover (3) (106) at survey, for (107) will to be assembled at the station upload that rear transmission gear box lid (3) picture uploads and for collar member will to be sealed (5) it is packed at the second assembling of station on gear shift cover (3) (108);Turn at material to be provided with station turn material below (103) in station Fixed frame (109), turns to be provided with station turn material guide rod (110) on material fixed frame (109) in station, and it is solid to turn material in station Determine to be vertically arranged with station turn material lifting cylinder (111) in rack (109), be provided with positioned at tire on station rotary disk (101) Has the through-hole below part (6), turning material lifting cylinder (111) upper end in station is provided with for turning to push up on material across the station of through-hole Head (112);Gearbox rear cover assembling center includes the laser carving device (10), bearing assembly of process link successively, inspection Survey assembly and sealing ring assembly;Bearing assembly include procedure connection successively bearing storage device (11), Bearing transferring device (12) and bearing assembling device (13);It includes assembling detection machine (14), and/or light to detect assembly Camera detection machine (15);Sealing ring assembly includes sealing ring feeding assembling (16) and the sealing ring of procedure connection successively Mounting device (17);
The technique includes the following steps,
Gear shift cover (3) to be assembled by manipulator or is manually placed into station and turned at material on (103) by step 1 first Mould part (6);Then, station driving motor (102) drives station rotary disk (101) to rotate at station engraving (104);
Step 2, by means of laser carving device (10);First, laser lifting cylinder (154) drives laser crane (152) edge It laser lifting guide slide (156) to decline, and covers on above gear shift cover (3);Then, laser engraving machine (150) starts, and According to prefabricated order in gear shift cover (3) side engraved markings, meanwhile, laser dust absorption nozzle (153) starts the cigarette for generating engraving Aspiration is walked;Secondly, after laser engraving, laser crane (152), which rises, to be come;Finally, station driving motor (102) band is started building Position rotating disk (101) rotates at the first assembling of station (105);
Step 3, by means of bearing assembly, first, the bearing that bearing feeding motor (201) will be loaded with bearing part (4) is flexible At guide rod (203) rotation to bearing transferring device (12);Then, bearing lifting crawl cylinder (255) band dynamic bearing picks up machine Tool hand (256) captures the bearing part (4) that bearing stretches on guide rod (203);Secondly, bearing radial direction cylinder (253) band dynamic bearing Part (4) is moved at the first assembling of station (105), and bearing lifting crawl cylinder (255) downlink, bearing picks up manipulator (256) Bearing part (4) is placed on gear shift cover (3);Again, bearing radial direction cylinder (253) band dynamic bearing picks up manipulator (256) It leaves, while bearing push-down head (257) being moved at the first assembling of station (105), bearing lifting crawl cylinder (255) band Dynamic bearing push-down head (257) downlink, two side bearing curved side handrails (258) laterally adjust bearing part (4) position;And then, axis Holding push-down head (257) will be in bearing part (4) indentation gear shift cover (3);Finally, station driving motor (102) drives station rotary Disk (101) rotates at station detection (106).
2. gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 4, by means of Assemble detection machine (14);First, detection rotation taper head (301) is inserted into bearing part (4) endoporus by detection elevating screw (299) In, and bearing part (4) is driven to rotate;Then, detection eccentric wheel (304) is pressed on bearing part (4) upper surface;Secondly, angle Sensor will detect cantilever shalving (303) amplitude of fluctuation and be sent to processor with hunting frequency;Finally, station driving motor (102) Station rotary disk (101) is driven to be rotated away from station detection (106);
Step 6, by means of sealing ring assembly;When station rotary disk (101) rotates at the second assembling of station (108);It is first First, the outer support plate (351) of sealing element that sealing ring feeding guide rail (347) will install sealing collar member (5) in advance is sent to support outside sealing element At disk (351);Then, sealing ring installation lifting cylinder (357) band dynamic seal ring outer strut (361) is inserted into sealing ring radially-directed Slot (352);Secondly, sealing ring rotation motor (358) band dynamic seal ring is oriented to rotating seat rotation, while sealing ring is oriented to rotating seat Band dynamic seal ring radial direction Archimedes feather key (360) is moved radially outward along sealing ring radial direction occlusal crib (363), is propped up outside Seal collar member (5) inner ring;And it leaves sealing ring along sealing ring pallet radial groove (350) and is sent into pallet (348);Again, exist Under sealing ring lateral cylinder (355) drives with sealing ring lateral cylinder (355), sealing collar member (5) is sleeved on gear shift cover (3) Seal groove in;And then, sealing ring outer strut (361) is retracted;Finally, station driving motor (102) drives station rotary disk (101) station is rotated to turn at material (103);
Step 7, first, station turn to expect that lifting cylinder (111) will be lifted off open mould part on the gear shift cover (3) that assembling finishes (6);Then, it is drawn off by manually or mechanically hand.
3. gearbox rear cover laser engraving packaging technology according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:In step 4 and step Further include step 5 between six, by means of light camera detection machine (15), when station rotary disk (101) rotates to light camera detection Below machine (15), light source camera (30) detects bearing part (4) upper surface relative to gear shift cover by measuring grating (307) (3) end face run-out of upper surface;And it will directly acquire the picture of gear shift cover (3).
CN201810422159.0A 2018-05-04 2018-05-04 Gearbox rear cover laser engraving assembly process Active CN108747027B (en)

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