CN108687338A - Sand casting stereo production line - Google Patents

Sand casting stereo production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108687338A
CN108687338A CN201810898771.5A CN201810898771A CN108687338A CN 108687338 A CN108687338 A CN 108687338A CN 201810898771 A CN201810898771 A CN 201810898771A CN 108687338 A CN108687338 A CN 108687338A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sand mold
sand
buggy
track
transfer car
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810898771.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周道宏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ANHUI XINNING EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ANHUI XINNING EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ANHUI XINNING EQUIPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical ANHUI XINNING EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810898771.5A priority Critical patent/CN108687338A/en
Publication of CN108687338A publication Critical patent/CN108687338A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D47/00Casting plants
    • B22D47/02Casting plants for both moulding and casting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sand casting stereo production lines, including product line frame and it is located at the track on product line frame for the operation of sand mold transfer car(buggy), further includes transition transshipment acitivity, sand mold former, the casing installing mechanism for casing to be sleeved on sand mold, for removing the casing of casing on sand mold removes mechanism, removes the casing sand removal mechanism for covering chamber interior wall and the offline mechanism of sand mold that is pushed from sand mold transfer car(buggy) for sand mold after cooling down from sand mold for clear up;The track include two layers of track setting up and down or it is setting up and down two layers with upper rail, the transition transshipment acitivity is the lifting transition transshipment acitivity being arranged in rail end sand mold transfer car(buggy) on transition transhipment different layers track.Floor space is small, convenient for arrangement;Casting is fully cooled after cooled region circular flow can fully ensure that cast, while saving a large amount of production site;The each process automation of sand mold processing is completed, and production efficiency greatly improved, reduce production cost.

Description

Sand casting stereo production line
Technical field
The present invention relates to casting equipment technology fields, more particularly, to a kind of sand casting stereo production line.
Background technology
Casting equipment field realizes mechanical automation to a certain extent with the continuous development of foundry production line at present Replace manual work.However, the existing substantially planar formula arrangement of foundry production line, the sand that will be produced by sand mold former Type is delivered on production line, is poured into a mould in the production line, and certain cooling time is needed after cast, thus produce number of lines setting compared with Much longer, floor space is larger, influences production capacity;And some processes need human assistance to complete, low production efficiency.
Invention content
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of productions of sand casting solid Line, floor space is small to reach, the high purpose of production efficiency.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
The sand casting stereo production line, including product line frame and be located on product line frame for sand mold transfer car(buggy) transport Capable track, further include transition transshipment acitivity, sand mold former, the casing installing mechanism for being sleeved on casing on sand mold, For remove casing on sand mold casing remove mechanism, for clear up removed from sand mold cover chamber interior wall casing sand removal mechanism with And the offline mechanism of sand mold pushed from sand mold transfer car(buggy) for sand mold after cooling down;The track includes two layers setting up and down Track or it is setting up and down two layers with upper rail, the transition transshipment acitivity be setting rail end for transition transport different layers The lifting transition transshipment acitivity of sand mold transfer car(buggy) on track.
Further, the transition transshipment acitivity is a pair being oppositely arranged, and two transition transshipment acitivities are respectively set in-orbit Road both ends.
The sand mold former includes that sand-mold molding machine structure and the sand mold for making sand-mold molding machine structure are pushed into Sand mold on sand mold transfer car(buggy), which pushes away cylinder and is located at sand mold, pushes away sand mold push plate on cylinder.
The track includes above-listed track and following track, and the above-listed track is located at the surface of following track.
The sand mold transfer car(buggy) includes vehicle frame and the tablet that is located above vehicle frame, and the lower section of the vehicle frame is equipped with for in-orbit The idler wheel of road operation.
The sand mold transfer car(buggy) is to set in orbit one group, and sand mold transfer car(buggy) two sides vertical with track, which are equipped with, to be convenient for The brake pad replaced after abrasion.
The casing for being sleeved on sand mold can be equipped on the sand mold transfer car(buggy).
The sand mold transfer car(buggy) is equipped with for preventing the protective cover that sand mold is defeated and dispersed and is arbitrarily scattered.
All areas set sand filling type transfer car(buggy) side by side on the track.
The space of two sand molds can be arranged side by side along vertical track direction by having on the sand mold transfer car(buggy).
The sand mold transfer car(buggy) includes being set up in parallel connected sand mold transfer car(buggy) A and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B, every layer of rail in rack Road includes the track B of the track A and corresponding sand mold transfer car(buggy) B of corresponding sand mold transfer car(buggy) A.
The sand mold former is located at the side of product line frame, and casing installing mechanism is located at the upper of top layer's track Side, casing installing mechanism and the corresponding setting of sand mold former.
The casing removes the top that mechanism is located at sand mold transfer car(buggy).
Casing sand removal mechanism is located at the side of product line frame, and casing sand removal mechanism and casing remove mechanism and exist Vertical track direction aligns setting side by side.
The offline mechanism of the sand mold and casing are removed mechanism and are arranged side by side along the traffic direction of sand mold transfer car(buggy).
On the product line frame sealing plate is equipped with parallel track both sides.
The product line frame is frame structure.
The lifting transition transshipment acitivity includes transshipment acitivity rack and lift cart and for driving lift cart liter The lift drive mechanism of drop, the lift cart is liftable to be located in rack, the lift cart be equipped with for production The transfer car(buggy) track that trajectory is connected to each other is additionally provided with the promotion machine for pushing transfer car(buggy) on transfer car(buggy) track on lift cart Structure.
The guide frame for the guiding that moves up and down for lift cart is equipped between the transshipment acitivity rack and lift cart.
The transshipment acitivity rack includes pedestal and supporting frame and column, and the lower end of support frame as described above body and column is solid It is scheduled on pedestal, column is fixed on by fixing piece on supporting frame.
The lift drive mechanism includes lift cylinders, and the lift cylinders are located at the lower section of lift cart, the piston of lift cylinders Bar upper end is connected with lift cart lower part.
The lift drive mechanism includes lift cylinders, and the lift cylinders are located at the top of lift cart, and lift cylinders are fixed on The piston rod at the top of rack, lift cylinders is connected with lift cart top.
The lift drive mechanism includes lift cylinders, and the lift cart is located at by track slide assemblies in rack, institute The upper end for stating lift cylinders is connected with the top of rack, and the lower end of lift cylinders is connected with lift cart.
The transshipment acitivity rack is equipped with track, and lift cart is equipped with sliding part, and the sliding part is located in track.
The lift cart includes track bracket and the fixed block that is located on the inside of track bracket, and the pushing mechanism is located at solid Determine on block.
The transfer car(buggy) track be arranged side by side two, pushing mechanism include for pushing cutting somebody's hair for transfer car(buggy), it is described It cuts somebody's hair between two transfer car(buggy) tracks.
The transshipment acitivity rack is frame structure.
The pushing mechanism includes that side pushes away cylinder and for pushing cutting somebody's hair for transfer car(buggy), the side to push away cylinder and be fixed on lift cart On, side pushes away cylinder setting parallel with transfer car(buggy) track, cuts somebody's hair and is located at the piston rod end that side pushes away cylinder.
The guide frame is the vertical lifting guide rod being arranged between vehicle frame and lift cart, and/or is arranged in vehicle frame Vertical sliding component between lift cart.
Support frame as described above body and column are vertically arranged, and are equipped between supporting frame and column and are reinforced stull.
The lower part of the lift cart is equipped with lifting guide rod, and the bottom of vehicle frame is equipped with that guide rod is compatible leads with lifting Xiang Kong, lifting guide rod are located in pilot hole.
The top of the transshipment acitivity rack is equipped with upper frame, and the top of lift cart is equipped with lifting guide rod, is set on upper frame There are pilot hole compatible with lifting guide rod, lifting guide rod to be located in pilot hole.
It is hinged at the top of the upper end of the lift cylinders and transshipment acitivity rack, the lower end of lift cylinders is mutually cut with scissors with lift cart It connects.
Track in the transshipment acitivity rack is vertical track slot, and sliding part is idler wheel, and idler wheel is located in track slot.
The push plate being vertically arranged of cutting somebody's hair.
The side pushes away cylinder and is fixed on fixed block, and fixed block is equipped with pushes away the hole that the piston rod of cylinder passes through for side.
The idler wheel is one group of setting side by side up and down.
The upper and lower ends of the track slot are obliquely installed to lift cart side.
One group of idler wheel is located on connecting plate, and connecting plate is connected with lift cart.
It is associated between the transshipment acitivity rack and product line frame.
The above-listed track is identical with following track structure, and the two is two tracks arranged side by side.
Connecting rod is equipped on the product line frame between every layer of two tracks.
Tablet on the vehicle frame is that two tablets or more than two flat plate splicings are formed.
The brake pad is the riser being located at by fastener on sand mold transfer car(buggy) side.
The top of the casing is equipped with the weight for being pressed on sand mold.
The casing two opposite outer is equipped with the hangers of protrusion.
The weight is hollow slab construction.
Positioning pin is equipped between the edge and casing of the weight.
The outer wall of the casing is equipped with locating slot compatible with positioning pin.
The protective cover is the limiting plate for being located at two sides vertical with track on sand mold transfer car(buggy).
The top edge of the limiting plate is flanging.
Two sides vertical with track are equipped with blend stop on the sand mold transfer car(buggy), and blend stop is arranged by sand mold former end.
It is connected by fastener between the sand mold transfer car(buggy) A and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B.
Connection positioning pin is equipped between the sand mold transfer car(buggy) A and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B.
A sand mold can be placed on the sand mold transfer car(buggy) A and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B, formed for every layer on product line frame Direction along ng a path two rows of sand molds arranged side by side.
The casing installing mechanism includes casing installation frame and set cassette carrier for holding up casing and for driving The casing lifting work cylinder of cassette carrier lifting is covered, the set cassette carrier is located above sand mold transfer car(buggy), and casing lifting work cylinder is set On casing installation frame.
The piston-rod lower end of the casing lifting work cylinder is connected with bearer carrier, and the set cassette carrier is located on bearer carrier.
Bracket is respectively equipped on the bearer carrier with the both sides of parallel track, bracket lower end inside is equipped with and is located at for holding The protrusion of hangers on the outside of casing.
The L-shaped structure in lower end of the bracket.
The sand mold push plate of set cassette carrier and the sand mold former aligns setting.
It includes that casing removes rack and the bracket and for driving of devaning for holding up casing that the casing, which removes mechanism, The casing of bracket of devaning lifting removes lifting work cylinder, and the casing is removed lifting work cylinder and is located in casing dismounting rack.
The piston-rod lower end that the casing removes lifting work cylinder is equipped with bearer carrier of devaning, and bracket of devaning is located at bracket of devaning On seat.
Carrier frame plate is respectively equipped on the bearer carrier of devaning with the both sides of parallel track, carrier frame plate lower end inside is equipped with and is used for Hold the protrusion for being located at hangers on the outside of casing.
The carrier frame plate is L-type harden structure.
Casing sand removal mechanism includes sand removal rack, reciprocal arm, the cleaning brush for clearing up set chamber interior wall and is used for The reciprocal driving structure of reciprocal arm movement, the reciprocal arm and reciprocal driving structure is driven to be each provided in sand removal rack, it is described clear Reason brush is located at by cleaning brush lifting structure in reciprocal arm.
The reciprocal driving structure is the working in reciprocating mode cylinder being located in sand removal rack, the piston rod of working in reciprocating mode cylinder with it is reciprocal The outer end of arm is connected, and cleaning brush is located at the inner end of reciprocal arm.
The cleaning brush lifting structure includes lift cylinders mounting bracket and cleaning brush lifting work cylinder, and the cleaning brush lifts work Make cylinder to be erected in reciprocal arm by lift cylinders installation, cleaning brush is located at the piston rod upper end of cleaning brush lifting work cylinder.
The cleaning brush includes installation frame and bristle, and the installation frame is square structure, and bristle is located at installation frame Edge.
The end that cleaning brush is correspondingly arranged in the reciprocal arm is equipped with for pushing the sand mold of sand mold to cut somebody's hair.
The reciprocal arm is located at by sliding rail in sand removal rack.
The both sides of the reciprocal arm are equipped with the slideway of protrusion, and slideway is corresponded in sand removal rack and is equipped with above-listed idler wheel and lower whorl Idler wheel, the slideway is between above-listed idler wheel and following idler wheel.
The cylinder seat of the working in reciprocating mode cylinder is connected with sand removal rack, the piston rod end of working in reciprocating mode cylinder and reciprocal arm it is outer End is hinged and connected.
The traffic direction of the pushing direction that the sand mold is cut somebody's hair and sand mold transfer car(buggy) is perpendicular.
The sand mold is cut somebody's hair as riser structure.
The sand removal rack is upper to be equipped with support roller below reciprocal arm.
The sand removal rack is equipped with roller mount, and same rolling is located at positioned at the above-listed idler wheel of reciprocal arm side and following idler wheel On on the inside of wheel seat.
The bristle tilts upward setting.
The lower end that the sand mold is cut somebody's hair is equipped with hairbrush.
The product line frame side corresponds to the offline mechanism of sand mold equipped with the cooling sand for the offline conveying of sand mold after cooling Type conveying mechanism.
The cooling sand mold conveying mechanism is the rebound being obliquely installed.
The offline mechanism of sand mold include sand mold work offline cylinder and for by sand mold pushed from sand mold transfer car(buggy) from Line is cut somebody's hair, and cutting somebody's hair offline is located at sand mold and works offline the piston end of cylinder.
The both sides of the rebound are equipped with baffle.
The product line frame side is equipped with vibrating shakeout mechanism, and the lower end of rebound corresponds to the setting of vibrating shakeout mechanism.
It is described to cut somebody's hair offline as riser structure.
The lower end cut somebody's hair offline is equipped with the cleaning brush for cleaning sand on sand mold transfer car(buggy).
The work offline piston rod end of cylinder of the sand mold is connected with slide, and corresponding slide is equipped with guide rod, the axis of guide rod The traffic direction of line and sand mold transfer car(buggy) is perpendicular, and the upper end cut somebody's hair offline is located on slide.
The sand mold cylinder that works offline is located at the top of sand mold transfer car(buggy).
The offline mechanism of sand mold corresponds to product line frame upper rail one end setting.
The lower end of the product line frame upper sealing plate has gap between the ground from setting product line frame.
The upper end of the sealing plate is equipped with intilted flanging.
Distance is less than the width of sand mold transfer car(buggy) between two side seal board upper end of the product line frame.
The sand mold former includes the sand hopper being located at the top of sand mold former, and corresponding sand hopper is equipped with sand feeding machine structure.
The symmetrical setting of brake pad of sand mold transfer car(buggy) both sides.
The side of the product line frame is equipped with cast workbench.
The side of the product line frame is equipped with pouring robot.
Compared with prior art, the present invention haing the following advantages:
The sand casting stereo production line reasonable design, floor space is small, convenient for arrangement;Cooled region circular flow can fill Casting is fully cooled after code insurance card cast, while saving a large amount of production site;The each process automation of sand mold processing is completed, greatly Width improves production efficiency, reduces production cost.
Description of the drawings
The content expressed by each width attached drawing of this specification and the label in figure are briefly described below:
Fig. 1 is production line structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is production line schematic top plan view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is production line schematic side view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is present invention production thread end close-up schematic view.
Fig. 5 is transfer car(buggy) structural schematic diagram in rack of the present invention and rack.
Fig. 6 is casing structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is casing schematic side view of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is sand mold transfer car(buggy) structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is sand mold transfer car(buggy) schematic top plan view of the present invention.
Figure 10 is sand mold transfer car(buggy) side schematic view of the present invention.
Figure 11 is one scenario-frame schematic diagram of transfer car(buggy) of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the schematic cross-sectional view of Figure 11.
Figure 13 is transfer car(buggy) yet another aspect structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the schematic top plan view of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is the schematic cross-sectional view of Figure 13.
Figure 16 is casing dismounting of the present invention/offline structural scheme of mechanism of sand mold.
Figure 17 is the schematic side view of Figure 16.
Figure 18 is the schematic top plan view of Figure 16.
Figure 19 is casing sand removal structural scheme of mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 20 is the schematic side view of Figure 19.
Figure 21 is casing sand removal operating diagram of the present invention.
Figure 22 is casing installing mechanism structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 23 is the schematic side view of Figure 22.
In figure:
1, transition transshipment acitivity is lifted;10, lift cart track;110, transshipment acitivity pedestal;111, transshipment acitivity rack; 12, hoistway;13, working cylinder is promoted mainly;14, guide rod I;15, lift cart;161, lift cart lower end idler wheel;162, it rises Trolley upper end idler wheel drops;163, lift cart wheel seat;17, transshipment acitivity upper frame;180, lifting work cylinder;181, cylinder seat;182, Working cylinder connector;19, it cuts somebody's hair;
2, casing installing mechanism;20, casing installation frame;21, upper frame is installed;22, working cylinder mounting plate;23, casing support Frame;231, casing bearer carrier;24, guide rod II;241, guide sleeve II;25, casing lifting work cylinder;26, supporting rack;
3, casing removes mechanism;311, casing removes rack;312, mounting bracket I;313, working cylinder mounting base;314, it installs Frame II;315, upper frame is supported;316, connecting plate;317, locating rack;321, guide rod III;322, guide rod fixed seat;323, sand Type works offline cylinder;324, the offline cylinder seat of sand mold;325, slide;326, it cuts somebody's hair offline;327, cleaning brush;328, mounting base; 331, lift cylinders guide rod;332 guide sleeves III;333, guide rod connecting seat;334, casing removes lifting work cylinder;335, it devans support Stand;336, it devans bracket;34, cleaning brush adjustment structure;39, cooling sand mold conveying mechanism;
4, casing sand removal mechanism;401, sand removal rack;402, connecting plate;403, sand removal upper frame, 404, fixed frame;405, it rolls Wheel seat I;406, roller mount II;407, case;410, reciprocal arm;411, slideway;412, it cuts somebody's hair mounting base;413, sand mold is cut somebody's hair; 414, above-listed idler wheel;415, following idler wheel;416, support roller;417, support roller fixed seat;421, lift cylinders mounting bracket;422, liter is cleaned with water Working cylinder drops;423, guide rod IV;424, cleaning brush I;425, connecting seat is lifted;426, cleaning brush II, 427, cleaning brush installation Seat;428, installation bolt;431, working in reciprocating mode cylinder;432, reciprocal cylinder seat;433, connects bearing;434, connector;
5, production run line;51, rack station column I;52, rack station column II;53, product line frame I;54, product line frame Ⅱ;55, lower railway mounting base;56, get on the right track mounting base;571, following track B;572, following track A;573, above-listed track B; 574, above-listed track A;58, sand mold transfer car(buggy) A;581, bottom roller A;582, upper roller A;583, blend stop;584, brake pad I; 585, brake pad II;586, bolt is connected;587, positioning pin is connected;59, sand mold transfer car(buggy) B;591, bottom roller B;592, upper rolling Take turns B;593, protective cover;594, brake pad III;595, brake pad IV;596, fixing bolt;
61, casing;611 sets of chamber interior walls;612, hangers;613, cotter way is positioned;62, weight;621, positioning pin;
7, sand mold former;71, sand hopper;72, lock sand working cylinder;73, modelling mechanism;74, pedestal;75, sand mold push plate; 8, sand mold.
Specific implementation mode
Below against attached drawing, by the description of the embodiment, making to the specific implementation mode of the present invention further details of Explanation.
As shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 23, which includes product line frame, is located on product line frame and uses In the track of sand mold transfer car(buggy) operation, lifting transition transshipment acitivity, sand mold former 7, for casing to be sleeved on sand mold 8 Casing installing mechanism 2 removes mechanism 3 for removing the casing of casing on sand mold, removes set chamber interior wall from sand mold for clearing up Casing sand removal mechanism 4 and the offline mechanism of sand mold that is pushed from sand mold transfer car(buggy) for sand mold after cooling down.
The production trajectory being arranged on product line frame include two layers of track setting up and down or it is setting up and down two layers with Upper rail, transition transshipment acitivity are the lifting being arranged in rail end sand mold transfer car(buggy) on transition transhipment different layers track Transshipment acitivity 1 is crossed, sand mold transfer car(buggy) is produced in different layers by lifting transition transshipment acitivity and is transported on trajectory, production is formed Run line 5.
Sand casting stereo production line is stereo circulating production line, and floor space is small, convenient for arrangement;Cooled region circulating Casting is fully cooled after row can fully ensure that cast, while can save a large amount of production site;A large amount of sand molds can be hoarded in advance, carried Height cast efficiency.
Transition transshipment acitivity is a pair being oppositely arranged, and track both ends are respectively set in two transition transshipment acitivities.Track two Two transition transshipment acitivity structures at end are identical, can also select different structure.
Preferably, lifting transition transshipment acitivity includes transshipment acitivity rack 111 and lift cart 15 and is risen for driving The lift drive mechanism of trolley lifting drops, lift cart can oscilaltion be located in transshipment acitivity rack, set on lift cart It is useful for the transfer car(buggy) track being connected to each other with production trajectory, is additionally provided on lift cart and is transported on transfer car(buggy) track for pushing The pushing mechanism of vehicle.
Transshipment acitivity rack includes pedestal and supporting frame and column, and the lower end of supporting frame and column is fixed on pedestal On, column is fixed on by fixing piece on supporting frame.
Supporting frame and column are vertically arranged side by side, are connected with the middle part of supporting frame by reinforcing stull in the middle part of column, Supporting frame is connected with the top of column by upper frame, and rack forms frame structure, and structural strength is big.
Column is arranged side by side a pair, is connected by the stull of column lower part between two column lower parts, two columns It is connected by the stull of column top between top, structural strength is big;The outside of column is equipped with vertical groove, is put convenient for vertical rail It sets in vertical groove, it is compact-sized.
Lift cart 15 includes transfer car(buggy) track bracket and the fixed block being located on the inside of track bracket, and fixed block is located at track The top of bracket, track bracket are a horizontally disposed frame structure, and track bracket both sides are reinforced being connected by anchorage bar.
Pushing mechanism is located on fixed block, and transfer car(buggy) track is two be arranged side by side, and transfer car(buggy) track is separately positioned on On two lateral brackets of track bracket, transfer car(buggy) track transports sand mold for sand mold transfer car(buggy);Pushing mechanism includes turning for pushing Cutting somebody's hair for fortune vehicle, cuts somebody's hair between two transfer car(buggy) tracks.
Pushing mechanism includes that side pushes away cylinder and for pushing cutting somebody's hair for transfer car(buggy), side to push away the inside that cylinder is fixed on fixed block, side Cylinder setting parallel with transfer car(buggy) track is pushed away, cuts somebody's hair and is located at the piston rod end that side pushes away cylinder, fixed block is equipped with pushes away cylinder for side The hole that passes through of piston rod, the push plate being vertically arranged of cutting somebody's hair;It forms side and pushes away the inside that cylinder is located at fixed block, push plate is located at solid Determine the outside of block.And be equipped with side between fixed block and push plate and derive bar, ensure reliability of operation.
The guide frame for the guiding that moves up and down for lift cart is equipped between rack and lift cart;Guide frame is to set The vertical lifting guide rod between vehicle frame and lift cart is set, and/or the vertical sliding being arranged between vehicle frame and lift cart Component.
Vertical track is equipped in column outside upright groove, track is vertical track slot, and lift cart is equipped with sliding Part, sliding part are located in track slot;Preferably, sliding part is idler wheel, and idler wheel is arranged by connecting plate on fixed block, and idler wheel is located at In track slot.
Idler wheel is one group of setting side by side up and down, and one group of idler wheel includes upper group of idler wheel and the following group idler wheel, upper group of column side Idler wheel and the following group idler wheel are arranged in same vertical connecting plates, and the parts of the both sides of column are symmetrical arranged, the company of column both sides Fishplate bar top is connected by frame plate, and the connecting plate lower part of column both sides is fixed on by transverse slat on fixed block, and fixed block is not necessarily to What is made is too big, reduces stress.
Track is fixed on by fastener in column, and the upper and lower ends of track slot are obliquely installed to lift cart side;And The outer lower portion of track bracket is equipped with ramp down angle;Convenient for the transfer car(buggy) track on lift cart and the trolley track phase on production line Docking.
Three kinds of preferred embodiments are enumerated in the lift drive mechanism present invention.
The first is:Lift drive mechanism includes lift cylinders, and lift cylinders are located at the lower section of transfer car(buggy) track bracket, lift cylinders Piston rod upper end be connected with transfer car(buggy) track bracket lower part.
The lower part of transfer car(buggy) track bracket is equipped with lifting guide rod, and the bottom of vehicle frame is equipped with compatible with lifting guide rod Pilot hole, lifting guide rod are located in pilot hole.
It is for second:Lift drive mechanism includes lift cylinders, and lift cylinders are located at the top of transfer car(buggy) track bracket, lift cylinders It is fixed on the top of rack, the piston-rod lower end of lift cylinders is connected with the fixed block on lift cart.
The top of rack is equipped with upper frame, and the top of lift cart is equipped with lifting guide rod, and upper frame is equipped with to be oriented to lifting The compatible pilot hole of bar, lifting guide rod are located in pilot hole.
The third is:Lift drive mechanism includes lift cylinders, and lift cart is located at by track slide assemblies in rack, is risen The upper end of drop cylinder is connected with the top of rack, and the lower end of lift cylinders is connected with the fixed block on lift cart.
The top of rack is equipped with lift cylinders mounting base, and the top of fixed block is equipped with lift cylinders connector, the upper end of lift cylinders It is hinged with lift cylinders mounting base, lower end and the lift cylinders connector of lift cylinders are hinged, and can reduce to parts machining precision It is required that reducing cost;And convenient for being docked with production line.
Foundry production line transition apparatus and foundry production line related job, that completes sand mold rises or falls transition transhipment; Under the action of elevating mechanism, lift cart is moved up and down by track;Under the action of side push mechanism, pass through driving sand of cutting somebody's hair Type transfer car(buggy) leaves foundry production line transition apparatus, completes transition transhipment.It can realize sand mold transition thread-changing Effec-tive Function up and down, it is real Existing production line multilayer production, saves floor occupying area, expands production capacity, reduce cost.
The lift cart of foundry production line transition apparatus is in rack lower end, and raceway corresponding with association foundry production line connects Rail, sand mold transfer car(buggy) are moved to from foundry production line on the lift cart of foundry production line transition apparatus, elevating mechanism work, Driving lift cart rises to specified position, and raceway corresponding with foundry production line integrates with, and side push mechanism drives sand mold transfer car(buggy) Foundry production line transition apparatus is left, into Foundry Production trajectory row to be shipped, completes the rising transhipment of one case sand mold.Side pushes away machine Structure resets, and lift cart is in initial position, into next working cycles.Conversely, then completing sand mold declines transition transhipment.
Transshipment acitivity rack 111 is frame structure, is connected between transshipment acitivity rack and product line frame, and when work lifts Transition transshipment acitivity and product line frame relative position are fixed, and are reliably transported convenient for sand mold transfer car(buggy), the operation is stable.
Sand mold former 7 is arranged by pedestal 74 in product line frame side.Sand mold former 7 includes sand mold moulding Mechanism 73 and sand mold for the sand mold made of sand-mold molding machine structure to be pushed on sand mold transfer car(buggy), which push away cylinder and be located at sand mold, to be pushed away Sand mold push plate 75 on cylinder.Sand mold former includes the sand hopper 71 being located at the top of sand mold former, and lock sand is equipped at sand hopper Working cylinder 72;Corresponding sand hopper 71 is equipped with sand feeding machine structure, and sand feeding machine structure is belt conveyor line.
Sand mold is produced automatically by sand mold former, sand mold is pushed on sand mold transfer car(buggy), passes through sand mold transfer car(buggy) It send to cast region.The side of product line frame is equipped with cast workbench or the side of product line frame is equipped with pouring robot, Convenient for cast, production capacity is improved.
Preferably, production trajectory includes above-listed track and following track, and above-listed track is located at the surface of following track, Above-listed track is identical with following track structure, and the two is two tracks arranged side by side.
Connecting rod is equipped on product line frame between every layer of two tracks, is correspondingly connected on the track on product line frame Boom end is equipped with through-hole, and connection boom end is fixed in orbit by nut check.Opposite production line rail is adjusted by connecting rod The distance between road, guarantee are oppositely arranged the distance between a pair of of production trajectory and are transported with a pair of on lifting transition transshipment acitivity The distance between track road is identical, ensures the reliability of sand mold transfer car(buggy) transhipment.
Sand mold transfer car(buggy) includes vehicle frame and the tablet that is located above vehicle frame, and the lower section of vehicle frame is equipped in production trajectory The idler wheel of operation.Tablet on vehicle frame is that two tablets or more than two flat plate splicings are formed, and is easily installed.
Sand mold transfer car(buggy) is to set in orbit one group, and sand mold transfer car(buggy) two sides vertical with track are equipped with convenient for abrasion The brake pad replaced afterwards, brake pad are to be located at the riser on sand mold transfer car(buggy) side by fastener, sand mold transfer car(buggy) both sides The symmetrical setting of brake pad.
All areas set sand filling type transfer car(buggy) side by side on track.Having on sand mold transfer car(buggy) can be along vertical track direction simultaneously The space of row's two sand molds of setting, casting, which has, after guarantee cast is fully cooled the time.Sand mold transfer car(buggy) is equipped with for preventing The protective cover 593 that sand mold is defeated and dispersed and is arbitrarily scattered.
Protective cover 593 is the limiting plate for being located at two sides vertical with track on sand mold transfer car(buggy), and the top edge of limiting plate is Flanging, two sides vertical with track are equipped with blend stop on sand mold transfer car(buggy), and blend stop is aligned setting with limiting plate, blend stop lean on sand mold at Type equipment end is arranged.
Preferably, sand mold transfer car(buggy) includes being set up in parallel connected sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59, rack Upper every layer of track includes the track B of the track A and corresponding sand mold transfer car(buggy) B of corresponding sand mold transfer car(buggy) A.
Be connected by fastener between sand mold transfer car(buggy) A and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B, sand mold transfer car(buggy) A and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B it Between be equipped with connection positioning pin 587, convenient for make.A sand mold can be placed on sand mold transfer car(buggy) A and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B, it is raw Direction along ng a path two rows of sand molds arranged side by side are formed in producing line rack for every layer.
Sand mold transfer car(buggy) is equipped with the casing 61 for being sleeved on sand mold, and the top of casing is equipped with for being pressed on sand mold Weight 62, casing two opposite outer are equipped with the hangers 612 of protrusion.
Preferably, weight 62 is hollow slab construction, is equipped with positioning pin between the edge and casing of weight, casing it is outer It is equipped with positioning cotter way compatible with positioning pin on the edge of wall and weight, avoids misplacing between weight and casing.
Product line frame is frame structure, and sealing plate is equipped with parallel track both sides on product line frame.Product line frame The lower end of upper sealing plate has gap between the ground from setting product line frame, is cooled down convenient for sand mold after cast.
The upper end of sealing plate is equipped with intilted flanging, and distance turns less than sand mold between two side seal board upper end of product line frame The width for transporting vehicle, avoids the sand on the sand mold transfer car(buggy) on upper layer from falling in product line frame, ensures the stability of operation.
Sand mold former 7 is located at the side of product line frame, and casing installing mechanism is located at the top of top layer's track, set Casing is sleeved on by case installing mechanism and the corresponding setting of sand mold former, the sand mold that sand mold former is produced after coming out On sand mold, it is delivered to cast region later and is poured into a mould.
Preferably, casing installing mechanism 2 includes casing installation frame and set cassette carrier for holding up casing and is used for The casing lifting work cylinder of actuating sleeve cassette carrier lifting, set cassette carrier are located above sand mold transfer car(buggy), and casing lifting work cylinder is set On casing installation frame.
The piston-rod lower end of casing lifting work cylinder is connected with bearer carrier, and set cassette carrier is located on bearer carrier, on bearer carrier with The both sides of parallel track are respectively equipped with bracket, and bracket lower end inside is equipped with for holding the protrusion for being located at hangers on the outside of casing, holds in the palm The L-shaped structure in lower end of frame.Set cassette carrier and sand mold push plate align setting, and the sand mold that sand mold former is produced comes out Casing is sleeved on sand mold afterwards.
Casing removes mechanism 3 and casing sand removal mechanism 4 is oppositely arranged, and casing removes mechanism and is located at the upper of sand mold transfer car(buggy) Side, casing are removed the front that mechanism is located at sand mold former and casing installing mechanism, i.e., are transported by transition after sand mold cast Sand mold after cast is gone to lower layer's operation cooling by mechanism, is reached lower layer's production trajectory other end and is turned again by the transition of the other end Fortune mechanism goes to sand mold on upper layer production trajectory, removes mechanism by casing and removes casing, the casing of dismounting passes through set Case sand removal mechanism clears up set chamber interior wall.
Preferably, it includes that casing removes rack and the bracket and for driving of devaning for holding up casing that casing, which removes mechanism, The dynamic casing for devaning bracket lifting removes lifting work cylinder, and casing is removed lifting work cylinder and is located in casing dismounting rack.
The piston-rod lower end that casing removes lifting work cylinder is equipped with bearer carrier of devaning, and bracket of devaning is located at bearer carrier of devaning On.It devans and is respectively equipped with carrier frame plate on bearer carrier with the both sides of parallel track, carrier frame plate lower end inside is equipped with and is located at for holding The protrusion of hangers on the outside of casing, carrier frame plate are L-type harden structure.
Casing sand removal mechanism is located at the side of product line frame, and casing sand removal mechanism and casing remove mechanism in vertical track Direction aligns setting side by side, and sand removal is easy to operate.
Preferably, casing sand removal mechanism includes sand removal rack, reciprocal arm, cleaning brush and use for clearing up set chamber interior wall In the reciprocal driving structure of driving reciprocal arm movement, reciprocal arm and reciprocal driving structure are each provided in sand removal rack, and cleaning brush is logical Cleaning brush lifting structure is crossed to be located in reciprocal arm.
Reciprocal driving structure is the working in reciprocating mode cylinder being located in sand removal rack, the piston rod of working in reciprocating mode cylinder and reciprocal arm Outer end is connected, and cleaning brush is located at the inner end of reciprocal arm;The cylinder seat of working in reciprocating mode cylinder is connected with sand removal rack, the work of working in reciprocating mode cylinder Stopper rod end and the outer end of reciprocal arm are hinged and connected.
Cleaning brush lifting structure includes lift cylinders mounting bracket and cleans lifting work cylinder with water, cleans lifting work cylinder with water and passes through lifting Cylinder installation is erected in reciprocal arm, and cleaning brush is located at the piston rod upper end for cleaning lifting work cylinder with water;Cleaning brush includes installation frame And bristle, installation frame are square structure, bristle is located at installation frame edge.Bristle tilts upward setting, cleans up.
The end that cleaning brush is correspondingly arranged in reciprocal arm is equipped with for pushing the sand mold of sand mold to cut somebody's hair, to the same of casing cleaning When the sand mold for removing casing is pushed into the sand mold transfer car(buggy) other side, continue cycling through cooling, save place.The promotion side that sand mold is cut somebody's hair To perpendicular with the traffic direction of sand mold transfer car(buggy), sand mold is cut somebody's hair as riser structure;The lower end that sand mold is cut somebody's hair is equipped with hairbrush, pushes Sand on transfer car(buggy) is cleaned simultaneously.
Reciprocal arm is located at by sliding rail in sand removal rack;Or the both sides of reciprocal arm are equipped with the slideway of protrusion, sand removal rack Upper corresponding slideway is equipped with above-listed idler wheel and lower whorl idler wheel, and for slideway between above-listed idler wheel and following idler wheel, sand removal rack is upper Support roller is equipped with below reciprocal arm, it is reliable for operation.
Sand removal rack is equipped with roller mount, and same roller mount is located at positioned at the above-listed idler wheel of reciprocal arm side and following idler wheel On inside, structure is reliable.Working in reciprocating mode cylinder is located at the lower section of reciprocal arm, compact-sized.
The offline mechanism of sand mold and casing are removed mechanism and are arranged side by side along the traffic direction of sand mold transfer car(buggy), and sand mold removes casing In nearly one week of cycle transhipment on sand mold transfer car(buggy), it is pushed from transfer car(buggy) offline by the offline mechanism of sand mold.
Product line frame side corresponds to the offline mechanism of sand mold and is equipped with for the rebound that sand mold is fallen after cooling, and rebound is The both sides of oblique rebound, rebound are equipped with baffle, and sand mold is avoided to fall from rebound side;The offline mechanism of sand mold include sand mold from Line working cylinder and for by sand mold pushed from sand mold transfer car(buggy) it is offline cut somebody's hair, cutting somebody's hair offline is located at sand mold and works offline cylinder On piston rod.
Preferably, it cuts somebody's hair offline as riser structure, the lower end cut somebody's hair offline is equipped with for cleaning sand on sand mold transfer car(buggy) Cleaning brush removes the sand on transfer car(buggy) while pushing offline.
The sand mold cylinder that works offline is located at the top of sand mold transfer car(buggy).The work offline piston rod end of cylinder of sand mold is connected with cunning Seat, corresponding slide are equipped with guide rod, and the traffic direction of the axis and sand mold transfer car(buggy) of guide rod is perpendicular, the upper end cut somebody's hair offline It is located on slide, stable and reliable operation.
The offline mechanism of sand mold corresponds to product line frame upper rail one end setting.Product line frame side is equipped with vibrating shakeout The lower end of mechanism, rebound corresponds to the setting of vibrating shakeout mechanism, and sand mold shake is scattered after being cooled down by vibrating shakeout mechanism, takes out casting Part.
Preferred embodiment is:
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5:The product line frame of assembly line sand mold processing equipment be equipped with upper and lower two layers and It is arranged in juxtaposition there are two the track that is mutually parallel, corresponding carrying sand mold transfer car(buggy) on track.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2:Assembly line sand mold processing equipment includes sand mold former 7, sand mold lifting transition conveyance Structure, casing installing mechanism, casing remove mechanism, the residual sand cleaning mechanism of casing, cooling sand mold conveying mechanism etc..It is automatically performed sand mold Molding, casing 61 and the installation of weight 62, sand mold transfer car(buggy) lifting thread-changing operation, the conveying of sand mold 8, casing 61 and the dismounting of weight 62, 611 residual sand of chamber interior wall is covered to clear up, is offline to work such as cooling sand mold conveying mechanisms 39 after the cooling of sand mold 8.The processing of assembly line sand mold Equipment is in the flow work.
It is controlled by PLC, realizes the linkages controls such as moulding, sand mold conveying, casing installation, casing dismounting, sand mold thread-changing conveying System operation.
Product line frame I 53 is fixed by rack station column I 51, and product line frame II 54 is fixed by rack station column II 52, The production trajectory of lower layer is fixed by following installing seat for rail 55, and the production trajectory on upper layer passes through above-listed installing seat for rail 56 It is fixed.
Lifting transition transshipment acitivity include transshipment acitivity pedestal 110, transshipment acitivity rack 111, transshipment acitivity upper frame 17 with And lift cart 15, transshipment acitivity rack lower end are fixed on pedestal, transshipment acitivity upper frame is located at transshipment acitivity frame upper end, turns It transports mechanism upper frame and lifting work cylinder 180 is equipped with by cylinder seat 181, lifting work cylinder lower end passes through working cylinder connector 182 and liter Trolley upper end is dropped to be connected.
Lift cart 15 is located at transshipment acitivity machine by lift cart lower end idler wheel 161 and lift cart upper end idler wheel 162 On frame in hoistway 12, lift cart lower end idler wheel and lift cart upper end idler wheel pass through lift cart wheel seat 163 and lifting Trolley is connected, and lift cart is equipped with the lift cart track 10 being connected to each other with production trajectory;Lift cart is equipped with and promotes mainly Working cylinder 13 is promoted mainly working cylinder and is equipped with and cuts somebody's hair 19 for push the sand mold transfer car(buggy) on lift cart track, lift cart Upper correspondence is cut somebody's hair equipped with guide rod I 14.
As shown in Fig. 2, C point of the assembly line sand mold processing equipment on above-listed track A574 between D points for cast section, Specific integrated cast structure or Pouring form are not particularly limited.I.e. above-listed track A574 sections are sand mold molding, cast section;Simultaneously The installation and dismounting of casing 61, weight 62 are completed in above-listed track A574 sections.
Following track A572 sections, above-listed 573 sections of track B and the following track B 571 of assembly line sand mold processing equipment Section is cooling section, to fully ensure that cooling time, meets the condensation process requirement of castings production, while can be saved a large amount of Production site.
Sand mold transfer car(buggy) forms work arranged side by side by sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59;Sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 and Sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 is connected by connecting bolt 586 and connection positioning pin 587.Sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 Respectively two bottom roller A581 are equipped in corresponding orbital position;Sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 is corresponded in track 574 and (or) track It is run on 572;Sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 correspondences are run on track 573 and (or) track 571.
Fig. 6, Fig. 7 are mo(u)ld jacket structure diagram.Casing 61 is a kind of preceding tooling on sand mold 8 of cast, sand mold 8 It is upper installation casing 61 main purpose be:Prevent the upper and lower type of sand mold 8 from generating displacement in operation or cast;When preventing cast There is lift case.Such as Fig. 8, Figure 10, casing 61 can usually be used simultaneously in conjunction with weight 62, weight is equipped with above casing 61 62, by increasing the compacting weight of sand mold 8, more effectively to prevent sand mold 8 from lift case occur.Casing 61 is with above-listed track A574 etc. Parallel both sides are respectively equipped with positioning cotter way 613;Weight 62 is respectively equipped with positioning pin 621 in position corresponding with casing 61, set Case 61 and weight 62 are positioned by positioning pin 621, avoid occurring offset deviation between casing 61 and weight 62 and influencing normal work Make.
Sand mold transfer car(buggy) is to carry sand mold 8 to move on corresponding track, completes sand mold conveying.
As Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10 show sand mold transfer car(buggy) operation principle schematic diagram.Sand mold transfer car(buggy) is divided into sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59, each group of sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 connect work with corresponding one group of sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59;Sand mold Transfer car(buggy) A58 is run in respective carter 572 or track 574;Sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 is transported in respective carter 571 or track 573 Row;The sand mold 8 of sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 carryings is equipped with casing 61, weight 62.
The organization plan one that the sand mold transfer car(buggy) uses as shown in Figure 11, Figure 12, sand mold transfer car(buggy) are divided into sand mold and turn Transport vehicle A58 and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59.Sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 is equipped with upper roller A581 or upper roller in the position of respective carter A582;Sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 is equipped with bottom roller B591 or bottom roller B592 in the position of respective carter;Sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 and Sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 is connected by connecting bolt 586 and connection positioning pin 587.
Sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 is equipped with brake pad II in the two sides vertical with above-listed track A574 or following tracks A572 585 and brake pad I 584;With sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 brake pad is equipped in track B (573) or track 571 vertical two sides 595 IV and brake pad III 594, so as to quick-replaceable after wearing.
Figure 13, Figure 14, it is shown in figure 15 as described in sand mold transfer car(buggy) use organization plan two.Sand mold transfer car(buggy) is divided into sand Type transfer car(buggy) A58 and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59;Sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 are set in the position of respective carter respectively There is idler wheel;Sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 and sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 is connected by connecting bolt 586 and connection positioning pin 587.Sand mold turns It transports vehicle A58 and the both sides upper edge (such as Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15) of 574 vertical direction of track 572 or track is equipped with blend stop 583, to prevent There is loose sand to be arbitrarily scattered.
On the working face of the sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 of two kinds of organization plans, protective cover 593 is fixed with by fixing bolt 596, With defeated and dispersed and be arbitrarily scattered after preventing sand mold 8 from cooling down.
Casing installing mechanism 2 has structure as follows, and such as Figure 22, Figure 23, casing installing mechanism 2 is cast with a kind of reciprocating linear Produce product line frame I 53, product line frame II 54, above-listed track B 573, above-listed track A 574 association settings.Casing is installed Mechanism 2 mainly have casing installation frame 20, supporting rack 26, installation upper frame 21, casing lifting work cylinder 25, set cassette carrier 23 with And casing bearer carrier 231.
Upper frame 21 is installed and is equipped with working cylinder mounting plate 22, casing lifting work cylinder is fixed respectively on working cylinder mounting plate 22 25 and guide sleeve II 241;The lower end connecting bracket seat 231 of casing lifting work cylinder 25 and guide rod II 24;Bearer carrier 231 and track Two sides parallel A574 are separately installed with set cassette carrier 23;It is L-shaped to cover cassette carrier 23 lower end, when lifting, so as to casing support The hangers 612 of 61 both sides of casing is effectively held in " L " the type lower end of frame 23, realizes support or the installation of casing 61 and weight 62.
The two sides parallel with track A574 of casing 61 are respectively equipped with positioning cotter way 613;Weight 62 is positioned with casing 61 613 corresponding position of cotter way is equipped with positioning pin 621;Positioning pin 621 positions cotter way 613 with casing 61 and is combined, to avoid in work Weight 62 generates displacement dislocation with casing 61.
3 concrete structure of casing dismounting mechanism is as follows, and as shown in Figure 16, Figure 17, casing removes mechanism 3 and a kind of reciprocating linear Foundry Production rack I 53, product line frame II 54 and above-listed track B 573, above-listed track A 574 are associated with setting.Casing is removed Mainly there is casing to remove rack 311, mounting bracket I 312, support upper frame 315, locating rack 317, casing dismounting lifting work for mechanism 3 Make cylinder 334, sand mold work offline cylinder 323, bracket 336 of devaning, cut somebody's hair 326 offline, casing removes rack 311 and support upper frame Connecting plate 316 is fixedly connected between 315.
It supports upper frame 315 and mounting bracket II 314 to be equipped with casing and removes lifting work cylinder 334 and guide sleeve III 332, casing is removed Lifting work cylinder 334 and 331 lower end of lift cylinders guide rod are connected with bearer carrier 335 of devaning;Devan bearer carrier 335 and track A574 Parallel two sides are separately installed with bracket 336 of devaning;336 lower end of bracket of devaning is L-shaped, " L " type for bracket 336 of devaning The hangers 612 of lower end support casing 61.When casing removes 334 work of lifting work cylinder, hold level with both hands under " L " type for bracket 336 of devaning Surely hold casing 61 and weight 62.
Casing removes lifting work cylinder 334 and works, and bearer carrier 335 of devaning is driven to rise or fall;It devans on bearer carrier 335 Rise the dismounting that casing 61, weight 62 are completed by bracket 336 of devaning;Bearer carrier 335 of devaning declines, and bracket 336 of devaning is near Minimum point waits for work.
Locating rack 317 works offline cylinder 323, guide rod III 321, guide rod fixed seat 322 and slide 325 equipped with sand mold Deng.The sand mold cylinder 323 that works offline is fixed on the lower section of locating rack 317 by the offline cylinder seat 324 of sand mold and mounting base 328.Sand mold from 323 cylinder head of line working cylinder is connect with slide 325.Guide rod III 321 is fixed on by mounting base 328 and guide rod fixed seat 322 317 lower section of locating rack.
Slide 325 is suspended on guide rod III 321;The lower section of slide 325, which is fixedly connected with, offline cuts somebody's hair 326.Sand mold is offline When working cylinder 323 works, driving slide 325 slides, and slide 325 drives 326 movements of cutting somebody's hair, and drives sand on above-listed track B 573 Sand mold 8 leaves sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 to cooling sand mold conveying mechanism 39 after cooling on type transfer car(buggy) B59, that is, completes cooling Sand mold 8 is offline to the conveying on cooling sand mold conveying mechanism 39 afterwards.
Offline 326 lower ends of cutting somebody's hair have cleaning brush 327;Sand mold work offline cylinder 323 work, driving slide 325 drive from Line is cut somebody's hair 326 movements, it is reciprocal during cleaning brush 327 effectively remove the residual sand on the faces sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59, so that sand mold is steady Conveying.
Cleaning brush 327 can adjust by cleaning brush adjustment structure 34 with sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59's or sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 The distance of upper interplanar, to ensure the cleaning effect of sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 working faces for a long time;Cleaning brush adjustment structure can be waist type Hole is adjusted.
Casing sand removal mechanism has structure as follows, and as shown in Figure 19, Figure 20, Figure 21, casing sand removal mechanism 4 is removed with casing Mechanism 3 and with a kind of assembly line sand mold processing equipment product line frame I 53, product line frame II 54 and the above-listed track A574 association settings.Casing sand removal mechanism 4 mainly has sand removal rack 401, sand removal upper frame 403, fixed frame 404, reciprocal arm 410, working in reciprocating mode cylinder 431 and elevating mechanism, cleaning brush I 424, cleaning brush II 426 etc., sand removal rack 401 and sand removal upper frame 403 It is connected and fixed by connecting plate 402.
The both sides of reciprocal arm 410 are respectively equipped with slideway 411, and roller mount I is respectively equipped in the both sides of the reciprocal arm 410 405 and roller mount II 406, above-listed idler wheel 414 and following idler wheel 415 are respectively equipped in roller mount I 405;In sand removal rack 401 The upper position below 410 front end of reciprocal arm is equipped with support roller fixed seat 417, support roller 416, to support reciprocal arm 410.Reciprocal The slideway 411 is in 415 above-listed idler wheel 414, following idler wheel Stable slidings under the action of working cylinder 431.
410 front end of reciprocal arm is equipped with and cuts somebody's hair mounting base 412, and sand mold is fixed in mounting base of cutting somebody's hair 412 and cuts somebody's hair 413.Casing When sand removal mechanism 4 works, reciprocal arm 410 moves ahead, and sand mold is cut somebody's hair on the above-listed track A 574 of 413 drivings on sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 On sand mold 8 to sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59, conveying of the sand mold 8 from the sand mold positions transfer car(buggy) A58 to the positions sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 is realized.
The above-listed idler wheel and following idler wheel of side are located in same roller mount, and roller mount is externally provided with case 407.Reciprocal arm Outer end lower part is equipped with connects bearing 433, and the piston rod end of linear actuator is equipped with connector 434, and connector is mutually cut with scissors with connects bearing It connects.
Reciprocal arm 410 is being equipped with elevating mechanism by the top position of front end.Elevating mechanism by lift cylinders mounting base 421, Clean the compositions such as lifting work cylinder 422, guide rod IV 423 and cleaning brush I 424, cleaning brush II 426 with water.Cleaning brush I 424, cleaning brush II 426 are respectively provided with identical two pieces, and identical two pieces cleaning brush is existed with cleaning 422 center symmetric setting of lifting work cylinder with water respectively In cleaning brush mounting base 427;Cleaning brush is fixed on by installation bolt 428 in cleaning brush mounting base 427 respectively;Cleaning brush is installed Seat 427 is connect by lifting connecting seat 425 with lifting work cylinder 422 is cleaned with water.Clean with water lifting work cylinder 422 work, cleaning brush into Enter inside casing 61, the residual sand for being attached to set chamber interior wall 611 is removed by cleaning brush I 424, II 426 brushing of cleaning brush, to cover The smoothly installation again of case 61, it is ensured that equipment normal circulation works.
Operation principle of the present invention is specific as follows:
1), when the 7 pre- moulding of sand mold former, on the lift cart 15 of the lifting transition transshipment acitivity 1 at production line both ends It rises, the lift cart track 10 of lift cart 15 merges with track A574, track B573 unicom respectively;Sand mold former 7 is complete After moulding, sand mold 8 is pushed to through sand mold push plate 75 on the sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 on production trajectory A574.
2), lifting transition transshipment acitivity 1 is promoted mainly before working cylinder 13 works, at the set cassette carrier 23 of casing installing mechanism 2 Peak above above-listed track A 574, promoting mainly after working cylinder 13 works for lifting transition transshipment acitivity 1, controls through association The effect of casing 61 and weight 62 through casing lifting work cylinder 25 on the set cassette carrier 23 of the casing installing mechanism 2, will Casing 61, weight 62 are mounted on the sand mold 8 on above-listed track A 574 on sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58.Complete casing 61, weight 62 installation.
3), as shown in Fig. 2, sand mold transfer car(buggy) promotes mainly working cylinder 13 by the lifting transition transshipment acitivity 1 in C-terminal direction Conveying of the sand mold transfer car(buggy) from above-listed track A 574C extreme directions to D extreme directions is realized in effect.
4), the lift cart 15 of the lifting transition transshipment acitivity 1 of above-listed track A 574D extreme directions connect sand mold transfer car(buggy) 58, After sand mold transfer car(buggy) 59, the lifting work cylinder 180 of the lifting transition transshipment acitivity 1 of D extreme directions works, make sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58, Sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 drops to lift cart track 10 and merges respectively with following track A 572, following 571 unicom of track B;It is main The work of working cylinder 13 is pushed away, the sand mold transfer car(buggy) on lift cart 15 is sent to following track A 572, following track B 571, by This completes a sand mold transfer car(buggy) by being transitted on track A572, track B571 on track A574, track B573, that is, completes primary Sand mold is by upper rail diatom to the transhipment of lower rail diatom.
Equally, the lift cart 15 of the elevating mechanism 1 in C-terminal direction carries a sand mold transfer car(buggy);180 work of lifting work cylinder Make, lift cart 15 rise, make sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58, sand mold transfer car(buggy) B59 rise to lift cart track 10 respectively with track A574, the merger of track B573 unicom;
The lifting transition transshipment acitivity 1 in C-terminal direction promotes mainly the work of working cylinder 13, the lifting transition conveyance in C-terminal direction Sand mold transfer car(buggy) on the lift cart 15 of structure 1 transits on above-listed track A 574, above-listed track B 573, that is, completes a sand Type transfer car(buggy) on rising transition to track A574, track B573 on track A572, track B571 by transporting.
Such cycle operation.
5), lifting transition transshipment acitivity 1 is promoted mainly before working cylinder 13 works, and casing removes the bracket 336 of devaning of mechanism 3 " L " type cleaner is in minimum point, and " L " the type cleaner for bracket 336 of devaning is in 612 position of hangers of casing 61 hereinafter, working as C-terminal side To the working cylinder 13 of promoting mainly of lifting transition transshipment acitivity 1 work, the sand mold transfer car(buggy) on lift cart 15, which is run to casing, to be torn open Except the position of mechanism 3, casing removes lifting work cylinder 334 and works, and bracket 336 lifts casing 61, weight 62, makes casing 61, pressure Iron 62 is detached from sand mold 8, completes the dismounting of casing 61, weight 62.The slideway 411 of casing sand removal mechanism 4 stretches out, and 413 shovels of cutting somebody's hair are scraped Residual sand etc. on drop type transfer car(buggy) A58;Clean the work of lifting work cylinder 422 with water, cleaning brush I 424 and cleaning brush II 426 are in casing It inside moves up and down, effectively cleans out the residual sand that 611 walls adhere in casing.Meanwhile the sand after cooling on track 573 Type 8 is at casing sand removal 4 position of mechanism, the effect for the cylinder 323 that works offline through sand mold, the sand mold 8 cut somebody's hair offline described in 326 promotions Into on cooling sand mold conveying mechanism 39.
When assembly line sand mold processing equipment normal operation, only casing removes mechanism 3 to upper between casing installing mechanism 2 Sand mold transfer car(buggy) A58 on row track A 574 is empty wagons.Foundry production line normal work another as shown in figure 18, described In by the directions solid arrow F operation when, often run a beat, the casing remove mechanism 3 complete casing 61, a weight 62 dismounting, and casing removes mechanism 3 by 1 case sand mold of the directions F3 completion offline extremely cooling sand mold conveying mechanism.Assembly line sand When type processing equipment is run by the directions dotted arrow F, casing installing mechanism 2, casing dismounting mechanism 3 are in and wait for working condition. Whole line arrangement length is 17 casees generally in 40 casees sand molds or so, patent accompanying drawing, is determined according to actual production.
It above are only and preferred embodiments of the present invention are illustrated, above-mentioned technical characteristic can form multiple hairs in any combination Bright example scheme.
The present invention is exemplarily described above in conjunction with attached drawing, it is clear that the present invention implements not by aforesaid way Limitation, as long as use the present invention design and technical solution carry out various unsubstantialities improvement, or it is not improved will The design and technical solution of the present invention directly applies to other occasions, within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sand casting stereo production line, including product line frame and being located on product line frame is transported for sand mold transfer car(buggy) Capable track, it is characterised in that:Further include transition transshipment acitivity, sand mold former, the set for being sleeved on casing on sand mold Case installing mechanism removes mechanism, for clearing up the set for removing set chamber interior wall from sand mold for removing the casing of casing on sand mold Case sand removal mechanism and the offline mechanism of sand mold pushed from sand mold transfer car(buggy) for sand mold after cooling down;The track includes upper Two layers of track of lower setting or it is setting up and down two layers with upper rail, the transition transshipment acitivity be setting be used in rail end Cross the lifting transition transshipment acitivity of sand mold transfer car(buggy) on transhipment different layers track.
2. sand casting stereo production line as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The transition transshipment acitivity is to be oppositely arranged A pair, two transition transshipment acitivities are separately positioned on track both ends.
3. sand casting stereo production line as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sand mold former includes that sand mold is made Type mechanism and sand mold for the sand mold made of sand-mold molding machine structure to be pushed on sand mold transfer car(buggy), which push away cylinder and be located at sand mold, to be pushed away Sand mold push plate on cylinder.
4. sand casting stereo production line as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The track includes above-listed track and following Track, the above-listed track are located at the surface of following track.
5. sand casting stereo production line as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sand mold transfer car(buggy) includes vehicle frame and sets Tablet above vehicle frame, the lower section of the vehicle frame are equipped with the idler wheel for being run in track.
6. sand casting stereo production line as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sand mold transfer car(buggy) is to set in orbit One group, sand mold transfer car(buggy) two sides vertical with track are equipped with convenient for the brake pad replaced after abrasion.
7. sand casting stereo production line as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:It can be equipped with and be used on the sand mold transfer car(buggy) The casing being sleeved on sand mold.
8. sand casting stereo production line as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The sand mold transfer car(buggy) is equipped with for preventing Only sand mold is defeated and dispersed and the protective cover that is arbitrarily scattered.
9. sand casting stereo production line as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:All areas are set side by side on the track Sand filling type transfer car(buggy).
10. the sand casting stereo production line as described in claim 1 or 8, it is characterised in that:Having on the sand mold transfer car(buggy) can The space of two sand molds is arranged side by side along vertical track direction.
CN201810898771.5A 2018-08-08 2018-08-08 Sand casting stereo production line Pending CN108687338A (en)

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CN201810898771.5A CN108687338A (en) 2018-08-08 2018-08-08 Sand casting stereo production line

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109894608A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-18 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 Reducing casting machine influences the method for mo(u)lding line production time
CN111906292A (en) * 2019-05-08 2020-11-10 潜山县凯创橡塑机械制造有限公司 Alloy bush production line

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109894608A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-06-18 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 Reducing casting machine influences the method for mo(u)lding line production time
CN109894608B (en) * 2019-03-29 2021-04-06 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 Method for reducing influence of casting machine on production time of molding line
CN111906292A (en) * 2019-05-08 2020-11-10 潜山县凯创橡塑机械制造有限公司 Alloy bush production line

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