CN108675719A - A kind of water-permeable brick and its preparation process of the infiltration of high intensity height - Google Patents

A kind of water-permeable brick and its preparation process of the infiltration of high intensity height Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108675719A
CN108675719A CN201810560599.2A CN201810560599A CN108675719A CN 108675719 A CN108675719 A CN 108675719A CN 201810560599 A CN201810560599 A CN 201810560599A CN 108675719 A CN108675719 A CN 108675719A
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China
Prior art keywords
cement
water
brick
sand
stone
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CN201810560599.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢荣茂
胡月平
付先松
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Zhejiang Global Dragon Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Global Dragon Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810560599.2A priority Critical patent/CN108675719A/en
Publication of CN108675719A publication Critical patent/CN108675719A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00017Aspects relating to the protection of the environment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/40Porous or lightweight materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

The present invention provides that a kind of intensity is high, water-permeable brick of good water permeability, the water-permeable brick of the present invention is different from type commonly used in the prior art, especially base-material uses large-sized stone, coordinates the cement and reinforcing agent of specific proportioning, and seepage of water is made by force and keeps the water-permeable brick of high intensity.Specifically, the present invention provides a kind of water-permeable bricks comprising the primer and surface material matched as follows.The water-permeable brick of the present invention is concrete substrate material, and wherein primer is formed after selecting stone and cement addition reinforcing agent, and surfacing material selection white cement, black sand, white sand are formed after adding reinforcing agent again.The stone and white sand, sand of the present invention is placed in material stockyard, properly mixed above-mentioned material is selected to carry out dispensing, it is delivered to molding machine, fabric machine prepares molding, main-auxiliary vehicle is delivered to by brick conveying machine, Lift-slab machine afterwards, mould brick is conveyed from main-auxiliary vehicle to curing kilns, completes that mould brick is delivered to stacking machine after conserving, carries out final result conveying and be simultaneously packaged finished product, into product stockyard, and then dispatch from the factory.It completes pallet and recycles immersion oil, be delivered to molding machine for transporting primer and be molded brick.

Description

A kind of water-permeable brick and its preparation process of the infiltration of high intensity height
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material technical fields, are related to a kind of production method of construction material, and in particular to Yi Zhongtou The formula of water brick and its manufacturing process, more particularly, to a kind of the permeable of high intensity height infiltration prepared using big size particle materials Brick and its manufacturing process.
Background technology
In order to realize the coordinated development of urbanization and Natural Resources Environment, urban water ecosystem is protected, rainwater calamity is reduced Evil, develops rainwater resource, and sponge urban construction is suggested as new urban construction theory.It sponge city can be as one piece of sea It is continuous the same, rainwater is absorbed and is stored, it is recycled, and reduce the pollution of initial stage big flow rainfall runoff, nature calamity is faced It being capable of elasticity adaptation when evil and environmental change.Sponge urban construction be by traditional " fast row " Mode change " ooze, be stagnant, storing, is net, With, row " combination, reduce Urbanization Progress to the full extent and build to come to former natural hydrological characteristics and water ecological environment Negative effect, to realize natural accumulation, naturally osmotic, self-purification to rainwater.The water penetration on road and square road surface will It plays an important role to the infiltration of rainwater, delay, savings and purification, the wherein research of water-permeable brick and application is on the increase.It is permeable Brick needs to have high water-permeability, water-retaining property and multifunctionality, puts goods on the market already in foreign countries, receives pass at home in recent years Note.
It can be divided into cement base water-permeable brick, sintering brick permeable to water and resin base water-permeable brick by bonding mechanism permeable pavement brick.Cement Base water-permeable brick will be gathered materials by inorganic coagulation material cement to be bonded together, sintering brick permeable to water then by high temperature resistant gather materials between high temperature It is formed and is bonded after adhesive melting is cooling, resin base water-permeable brick is then mostly using hydrophilic thermosetting resin as binder.Sintering is saturating The intensity of water brick and resin base water-permeable brick is generally higher, and flexural strength reaches 5MPa~7MPa, and compression strength is higher than 40MPa, very 65MPa can extremely be reached, coefficient of permeability is between 1 × 10-2Cm/s~10 × 10-2cm/s.The intensity of cement base water-permeable brick is then opposite Relatively low, compression strength is generally 30MPa or so, and internal void substantially belongs to grade, therefore coefficient of permeability is higher, Ke Yida To 0.1cm/s~0.2cm/s.Although sintering brick permeable to water and resin base water-permeable brick intensity are better than cement base water-permeable brick, there is system The bottleneck problem that about they develop:Sintering brick permeable to water need to be generally 1000 DEG C~1200 DEG C through high temperature firing, sintering temperature, energy consumption It is higher;Green body after firing may be deformed rupture in cooling procedure, and yield rate is made to reduce, and especially apparent size misses Difference is relatively large, and production cost is higher;Resin base water-permeable brick is easy aging, especially epoxy cure body under light and heat effect Ager process can aggravate in the presence of having water, and water-permeable brick durability is made to significantly reduce, and Years Of Service shortens.
Water-permeable brick is broadly divided into two classes from technique, and one kind is maintaining water-permeable brick, the raw material of water-permeable brick is crushed, Suitable particle size range is chosen in screening, adds the mixing of the auxiliary materials such as binder and water, is then placed in mold and uses Certain pressure compression moulding is placed maintenance, is made with water permeability and standard compliant paving material after being demoulded Material.Another kind is slug type water-permeable brick, will prepare the raw material of water-permeable brick by broken, screening, compounding, mixing, molding, demoulding, The series of processes such as high temperature burning, are made with water permeability and standard compliant paving material.
Raw material that maintaining water-permeable brick uses itself cannot contain other harmful substances such as heavy metal ion.Because of maintaining Water-permeable brick is in the long-term erosion process of rainwater, and harmful substance can yield and comply rainwater and flow into soil and urban groundwater, to city It is polluted with environment.Therefore, maintaining water-permeable brick major defect is that have certain limitation in raw material selection, and produce Period it is long, itself be to be solidified togather by binder, due to the pyrocondensation cold expanding of water, on northern cold ground Area's frost resistance is poor, and service life greatly shortens.Advantage is that energy consumption is relatively low in its preparation process, and production process is substantially zero Energy consumption economically considers highly beneficial to enterprise.
Slug type water-permeable brick can select most of solid waste to prepare, because of meeting in the case of high-temperature calcination Most of harmful substances are removed, the pollution to environment is reduced, heavy metal ion can also be solidificated in water-permeable brick, prevent its stream Enter in soil and urban groundwater.The advantages of slug type water-permeable brick is that the water-permeable brick production cycle is shorter, raw material use aspects can It is prepared with choosing more solid waste substances, reduces pollution of the solid waste to environment, and slow down a large amount of solid waste When stacking the problem of waste land resource, economic benefit and environmental benefit are promoted, itself passes through porcelain after high temperature sintering, tool There is preferable frost resistance, the service life in cold district can be greatly promoted.The disadvantage is that being needed in sintering process using natural The energy such as gas or electric power, it is big many relative to the input of maintaining water-permeable brick economically.
The mix-design of concrete permeable brick mainly considers its intensity and water penetration.Its intensity is viscous mainly by cement mortar Contact point, face between knot aggregate, therefore cement mortar glues intensity height, then the intensity of product is just high.Since the grading of aggregate is to disconnect Grading generates some apertures between aggregate and leakiness, between them, forms the channel of water, i.e., so-called permeable.Aggregate size is got over Carefully, gap is smaller, and water permeable ability is with regard to poor, but its intensity is high;Aggregate size is thicker, then fewer, sky is contacted between particles of aggregates Gap is bigger, and water permeable ability is better, but its intensity is low, and the high-strength cement at this moment needing higher cohesive force bonds.
In general, the aggregate stone that base-material uses is divided into 4 kinds of ranks:2.5~5mm of grain size be the 1st rank, grain size 5~ 10mm is the 2nd rank, and 10~20mm of grain size is that 3rd level is other, and 20~31.5mm of grain size is the 4th rank.It is got over using the rank of stone Height, product strength is lower, but water penetration is better.In the certain range of water consumption, cement consumption is few, then intensity is low, but permeable Property is preferable, and vice versa.Identical in cement consumption, strength of cement is higher, and adhesion strength is higher;Strength of cement is got over Low, adhesion strength is lower.
Fabric generally uses quartz sand or Machine-made Sand, the intensity and wearability relative mistake of Machine-made Sand a little.But quartz sand due to Kind is different, wearability also difference.Face layer sand it is high-quality, intensity is just high, and wearability might as well.In certain cement consumption In range, cement consumption is more, and intensity is high, wear-resisting, but bad hydraulic permeability;Cement consumption is few, and intensity is low, not wear-resisting, but good water permeability. With the quartz sand of kind, rubble sand is more wear-resisting than fine quartz sand, but product strength is low, permeable good.Face layer intensity effect full sized brick Intensity, although base's cement is used less, the intensity of full sized brick is also higher.70% is accounted for using the particle of 2.36~1.18mm of grain size~ The quartz sand water-permeable that 90% quartz sand accounts for 80%~90% than 1.18~0.6mm particles is good, wear-resisting, but intensity is slightly Low, surface is rougher.In short, it is necessary to find out to make high water-permeable brick intensity, wear-resisting, water penetration and good match ratio.
Invention content
Currently invention addresses solve above-mentioned conventional problems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of intensity is high, good water permeability permeable Brick, water-permeable brick of the invention are different from type commonly used in the prior art, especially base-material and use large-sized stone, cooperation special Surely the cement and reinforcing agent matched is made seepage of water by force and keeps the water-permeable brick of high intensity.Specifically, the present invention provides one Kind water-permeable brick comprising the primer and surface material matched as follows.
The water-permeable brick of the present invention is concrete substrate material, and wherein primer selects shape after stone and cement addition reinforcing agent At surfacing material selection white cement, black sand, white sand are formed after adding reinforcing agent again.
The stone of the preferably a diameter of 1-10cm of stone used in primer, the stone of more preferable diameter 3-8cm.Cement For conventional portland cement, specifically, cement should have physical property below herein:Specific surface area is 350-400m2/ Kg, initial set and final setting time are respectively 120-150min, 180-200min, it is desirable that it is with 6Mpa/3d, 10Mpa/7d or more Flexural strength, the compression strength of 30Mpa/3d, 55Mpa/7d.The proportioning of each component has more excellent proportioning in primer, by weight Meter, cement:Stone:Reinforcing agent is 10-30:50-150:0.01-0.1, preferred proportioning are 30:90:0.05.
Select commercially available white cement and black sand in surface material, white sand then preferably 80% or more the grain with 20-100 mesh Degree more has granularity of the choosing with 40-80 mesh.It is that 90 or more, 0.080 millimeter of square hole screen must not tail over and be surpassed that white cement, which requires its whiteness, 8% is crossed, initial set and final setting time are respectively 50-80min, 200-600min.The more excellent proportioning of each component in surface material, by weight Gauge, white cement:Black sand:White sand:Reinforcing agent is 70-90:80-120:250-350:0.5-2, more preferably proportioning is 70:90: 280:1.The white cement and white sand for selecting whiteness high in the surface material of the present invention are compounded with sand, and it is ornamental to enhance finished product Property, it meets town road and landscape ground faces the requirement of water-permeable brick craftsmanship.
Reinforcing agent used in the present invention is not particularly limited, and is preferably able to 3 days early strengths 25% of offer and has been gone up, increased resistance to compression The common reinforcing agent of 30% or more intensity can use conventional nano inorganic reinforcing agent, a kind of as disclosed in the prior art New concrete reinforcing agent (CN201510695687.X) is added molten with the silicon of preparation in the polyacrylamide solution of preparation Glue mixes.Concrete intensifier can allow cement granules fully to disperse, and prevent from reuniting together, and then accelerate the aquation of cement Process, and effective adsorption capacity of Water-reducing Admixtures To Cements particle can be made to enhance, to further expand the dispersibility of cement granules, Enhance the using effect of water-reducing agent.Nano silicon dioxide point is added in swelling crack resistant mortar (CN201110175162.5) in mortar Dispersion liquid makes mortar have good cracking resistance.It is a kind of increase concrete strength high efficiency water reducing agent and its preparation side (CN201410597900.9) by zirconium white residue, nano aluminium oxide, hydroxy-ethyl acrylate, pure third latex powder, alkali lignin, methyl alkenyl Polyoxyethylene ether, dimethylallylamine, methyl methacrylate, DSD acid, D-sorbite, water, synergist composition, Neng Gouyou Improve to effect early stage and later strength and the durability of concrete.
The high permeable water-permeable brick of the high intensity of the present invention is mainly prepared via a method which to obtain.
The stone and white sand, sand of the present invention is placed in material stockyard, and properly mixed above-mentioned material is selected to carry out dispensing, defeated Send to molding machine, fabric machine and prepare molding, after main-auxiliary vehicle is delivered to by brick conveying machine, Lift-slab machine, it is defeated from main-auxiliary vehicle to curing kilns It send mould brick, completes that mould brick is delivered to stacking machine after maintenance, carry out final result conveying and be simultaneously packaged finished product, into product stockyard, And then it dispatches from the factory.It completes pallet and recycles immersion oil, be delivered to molding machine for transporting primer and be molded brick.
Specifically, selection approrpiate wts stone, with after weighing cement and water bottom is transported to by screw conveyor Expect agitating device, add appropriate reinforcing agent, bottom material molding machine compression moulding is delivered to by band conveyer after the completion of stirring.Selection The white sand, of reasonable weight sand, with after weighing cement and water fabric agitating device is transported to by screw conveyor, add Appropriate reinforcing agent, after the completion of stirring by band conveyer be delivered to fabric machine carry out fabric molding, and with the molding in molding machine Bottom material is completed to bond, and is compressed into blank 1.Above-mentioned blank is delivered to main-auxiliary vehicle by brick conveying machine, Lift-slab machine, by main-auxiliary vehicle system System is transported to room temperature curing kilns and is conserved.Curing condition is set as 20 ± 2 DEG C of temperature, 85% or more humidity conserves 7d, then It is conserved at ambient temperature to 28d, forms water-permeable brick.
The blank 2 for completing maintenance is transported to grand trigger, longitudinal pitch formula stacking machine stacking via main-auxiliary vehicle system, complete at Product are packaged, and are transported to product stockyard, wait for manufacture.
Specific implementation mode
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention, below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described, the embodiment It is only used for explaining the present invention, be not intended to limit the scope of the present invention..It should be understood that one or more that the present invention mentions A step does not repel before and after the combination step that there is also between other method and steps or these specifically mentioned steps Other method and steps can also be inserted into.It should also be understood that these examples are merely to illustrate the present invention rather than the limitation present invention Range.Unless otherwise indicated, the number of various method steps is only the purpose of discriminating various method steps, rather than is each side of limitation The ordering of method or the practical range for limiting the present invention, relativeness are altered or modified, and become in no substantial technological content Under conditions of more, when being also considered as the enforceable scope of the present invention.
There is provided that a kind of intensity is high, water-permeable brick of good water permeability, water-permeable brick of the invention is different from commonly used in the prior art Type, especially base-material use large-sized stone, coordinate the cement and reinforcing agent of specific proportioning, and seepage of water is made by force and protects Hold the water-permeable brick of high intensity.Specifically, the present invention provides a kind of water-permeable bricks comprising the primer knead dough layer matched as follows Material.
The water-permeable brick of the present invention is concrete substrate material, and wherein primer selects shape after stone and cement addition reinforcing agent At surfacing material selection white cement, black sand, white sand are formed after adding reinforcing agent again.
The stone of the preferably a diameter of 1-10cm of stone used in primer, the stone of more preferable diameter 3-8cm.Cement For conventional portland cement, specifically, cement should have physical property below herein:Specific surface area is 350-400m2/ Kg, initial set and final setting time are respectively 120-150min, 180-200min, it is desirable that it is with 6Mpa/3d, 10Mpa/7d or more Flexural strength, the compression strength of 30Mpa/3d, 55Mpa/7d.The proportioning of each component has more excellent proportioning in primer, by weight Meter, cement:Stone:Reinforcing agent is 10-30:50-150:0.01-0.1, preferred proportioning are 30:90:0.05.
Select commercially available white cement and black sand in surface material, white sand then preferably 80% or more the grain with 20-100 mesh Degree more has granularity of the choosing with 40-80 mesh.It is that 90 or more, 0.080 millimeter of square hole screen must not tail over and be surpassed that white cement, which requires its whiteness, 8% is crossed, initial set and final setting time are respectively 50-80min, 200-600min.The more excellent proportioning of each component in surface material, by weight Gauge, white cement:Black sand:White sand:Reinforcing agent is 70-90:80-120:250-350:0.5-2, more preferably proportioning is 70:90: 280:1。
The white cement and white sand for selecting whiteness high in the surface material of the present invention are compounded with sand, and it is ornamental to enhance finished product Property, it meets town road and landscape ground faces the requirement of water-permeable brick craftsmanship.
The stone and white sand, sand of the present invention is placed in material stockyard, and properly mixed above-mentioned material is selected to carry out dispensing, defeated Send to molding machine, fabric machine and prepare molding, after main-auxiliary vehicle is delivered to by brick conveying machine, Lift-slab machine, it is defeated from main-auxiliary vehicle to curing kilns It send mould brick, completes that mould brick is delivered to stacking machine after maintenance, carry out final result conveying and be simultaneously packaged finished product, into product stockyard, And then it dispatches from the factory.It completes pallet and recycles immersion oil, be delivered to molding machine for transporting primer and be molded brick.
Water-permeable brick prepared by the present invention has good compression strength, permeability rate and water retention, less using this field Big grain size stone, the water-permeable brick in conjunction with made from specific proportioning have both high intensity and high permeability rate, have good use value and Application prospect will show the advance of the present invention by specific embodiment below.
Embodiment 1
(1) each raw material is configured according to the following ratio:
Configure primer:Take 450kg traditional cements, the stone of 1332kg grain sizes 3-8cm, reinforcing agent 8kg.
Configure surface material:Take 63kg white cements, 81kg sand, the white sand and 0.92kg of 252kg granularities 40-80 increase Strong agent.
(2) batch mixing:By needed for primer stone and through screw conveyor conveying come in cement carry out vibrations stirring, It is added after the completion of reinforcing agent mixing and is sent into molding machine by felting conveyor;By surface material Suo Xu sand, white sand mix it is equal It is even, and convey the cement come in through screw conveyor and carry out vibrations stirring, it is added after the completion of reinforcing agent mixing by band-like conveying Machine is sent into fabric machine.
(3) it is molded:Bottom material forms blank 1 after molding machine is pressed into required shape, is delivered to fabric machine, and after mixing Fabric compression moulding, be blank 1-1.
(4) it conserves:Above-mentioned blank 1-1 is transported to main-auxiliary vehicle system through instruments such as brick conveying machine, Lift-slab machines, is then sent to foster It protects kiln and conserves 7d, curing condition is set as 21 DEG C of temperature, humidity 90%, then conserves to 28d, is formed permeable at ambient temperature Brick 1.
(5) it dispatches from the factory:Stacking is carried out by stacking machine after the instruments such as grand trigger, after the assay was approved, finished product is packaged into, is transported to Product stockyard waits for manufacture.
Embodiment 2
Each raw material is configured according to the following ratio:
Configure primer:Take 450kg traditional cements, the stone of 1332kg grain sizes 1-3cm, reinforcing agent 8kg.
Configure surface material:Take 63kg white cements, 81kg sand, the white sand and 0.92kg of 252kg granularities 40-80 increase Strong agent.
(2) batch mixing:By needed for primer stone and through screw conveyor conveying come in cement carry out vibrations stirring, It is added after the completion of reinforcing agent mixing and is sent into molding machine by felting conveyor;By surface material Suo Xu sand, white sand mix it is equal It is even, and convey the cement come in through screw conveyor and carry out vibrations stirring, it is added after the completion of reinforcing agent mixing by band-like conveying Machine is sent into fabric machine.
(3) it is molded:Bottom material forms blank 1 after molding machine is pressed into required shape, is delivered to fabric machine, and after mixing Fabric compression moulding, be blank 1-2.
(4) it conserves:Above-mentioned blank 1-2 is transported to main-auxiliary vehicle system through instruments such as brick conveying machine, Lift-slab machines, is then sent to foster It protects kiln and conserves 7d, curing condition is set as 21 DEG C of temperature, humidity 90%, then conserves to 28d, is formed permeable at ambient temperature Brick 2.
(5) it dispatches from the factory:Stacking is carried out by stacking machine after the instruments such as grand trigger, after the assay was approved, finished product is packaged into, is transported to Product stockyard waits for manufacture.
Embodiment 3
Each raw material is configured according to the following ratio:
Configure primer:Take 450kg white cements, the stone of 1332kg grain sizes 3-8cm, reinforcing agent 8kg.
Configure surface material:Take 63kg white cements, 81kg sand, the white sand and 0.92kg of 252kg granularities 40-80 increase Strong agent.
(2) batch mixing:By needed for primer stone and through screw conveyor conveying come in cement carry out vibrations stirring, It is added after the completion of reinforcing agent mixing and is sent into molding machine by felting conveyor;By surface material Suo Xu sand, white sand mix it is equal It is even, and convey the cement come in through screw conveyor and carry out vibrations stirring, it is added after the completion of reinforcing agent mixing by band-like conveying Machine is sent into fabric machine.
(3) it is molded:Bottom material forms blank 1 after molding machine is pressed into required shape, is delivered to fabric machine, and after mixing Fabric compression moulding, be blank 1-3.
(4) it conserves:Above-mentioned blank 1-3 is transported to main-auxiliary vehicle system through instruments such as brick conveying machine, Lift-slab machines, is then sent to foster It protects kiln and conserves 7d, curing condition is set as 21 DEG C of temperature, humidity 90%, then conserves to 28d, is formed permeable at ambient temperature Brick 3.
(5) it dispatches from the factory:Stacking is carried out by stacking machine after the instruments such as grand trigger, after the assay was approved, finished product is packaged into, is transported to Product stockyard waits for manufacture.
Embodiment 4
Each raw material is configured according to the following ratio:
Configure primer:Take 450kg traditional cements, the stone of 1332kg grain sizes 3-8cm, reinforcing agent 8kg.
Configure surface material:Take 63kg traditional cements, 81kg sand, the white sand and 0.92kg of 252kg granularities 40-80 Reinforcing agent.
(2) batch mixing:By needed for primer stone and through screw conveyor conveying come in cement carry out vibrations stirring, It is added after the completion of reinforcing agent mixing and is sent into molding machine by felting conveyor;By surface material Suo Xu sand, white sand mix it is equal It is even, and convey the cement come in through screw conveyor and carry out vibrations stirring, it is added after the completion of reinforcing agent mixing by band-like conveying Machine is sent into fabric machine.
(3) it is molded:Bottom material forms blank 1 after molding machine is pressed into required shape, is delivered to fabric machine, and after mixing Fabric compression moulding, be blank 1-4.
(4) it conserves:Above-mentioned blank 1-4 is transported to main-auxiliary vehicle system through instruments such as brick conveying machine, Lift-slab machines, is then sent to foster It protects kiln and conserves 7d, curing condition is set as 21 DEG C of temperature, humidity 90%, then conserves to 28d, is formed permeable at ambient temperature Brick 4.
(5) it dispatches from the factory:Stacking is carried out by stacking machine after the instruments such as grand trigger, after the assay was approved, finished product is packaged into, is transported to Product stockyard waits for manufacture.Charging is produced and is examined filling
Experimental example 1
The preparation-obtained water-permeable brick of the various embodiments described above is taken to carry out performance parameter test, the main resistance to compression for investigating water-permeable brick Intensity, permeability rate etc., test method are conventional method, and concrete outcome is as described in Table 1.
Table 1
As shown in table 1, by experimental example 1:The water-permeable brick obtained using the selection and proportioning of the present invention has both high-strength Degree and big permeability rate and good water retention, while there is beautiful appearance, before there is good use value and application Scape.
Water-permeable brick and its manufacture according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention as described above is illustrated by above description Technique, but this is merely illustrative of, and those skilled in the art should be able to be best understood by be thought in the technology for not departing from the present invention Various change and change can be carried out in the range of thinking.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of concrete permeable brick comprising primer and surface material, which is characterized in that primer select stone and It is formed after cement addition reinforcing agent, surfacing material selection white cement, black sand, white sand are formed after adding reinforcing agent again.
2. concrete permeable brick according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the preferred diameter of stone used in primer For the stone of 1-10cm, the stone of more preferable diameter 3-8cm, cement is conventional portland cement, and specifically, cement is answered herein With physical property below:Specific surface area is 350-400m2/ kg, initial set and final setting time are respectively 120-150min, 180- 200min, it is desirable that its flexural strength with 6Mpa/3d, 10Mpa/7d or more, the compression strength of 30Mpa/3d, 55Mpa/7d.
3. concrete permeable brick according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the proportioning of each component in primer, by weight Gauge, cement:Stone:Reinforcing agent is 10-30:50-150:0.01-0.1, preferred proportioning are 30:90:0.05.
4. concrete permeable brick according to claim 1, which is characterized in that selected in surface material commercially available white cement and Black sand, white sand then preferably 80% or more with 20-100 mesh granularity, more have choosing with 40-80 mesh granularity, white cement requirement Its whiteness is that 90 or more, 0.080 millimeter of square hole screen tails over and must not exceed 8%, initial set and final setting time be respectively 50-80min, 200-600min。
5. concrete permeable brick according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the more excellent proportioning of each component in surface material, By weight, white cement:Black sand:White sand:Reinforcing agent is 70-90:80-120:250-350:0.5-2, more preferably proportioning is 70: 90:280:1。
6. according to the preparation process of claim 1-5 any one of them concrete permeable bricks, which is characterized in that including following step Suddenly:
(1) each primer and surface material are configured according to the ratio;
(2) batch mixing:By needed for primer stone and through screw conveyor conveying come in cement carry out vibrations stirring, be added After the completion of reinforcing agent mixing molding machine is sent by felting conveyor;By surface material Suo Xu sand, white sand be uniformly mixed, and The cement come in through screw conveyor conveying carries out vibrations stirring, and reinforcing agent mixing is added and is sent into after the completion by felting conveyor Fabric machine;
(3) it is molded:Bottom material forms blank after molding machine is pressed into required shape, is delivered to fabric machine, with face after mixing Expect compression moulding, is mould brick;
(4) it conserves:Above-mentioned mould brick is transported to main-auxiliary vehicle system through instruments such as brick conveying machine, Lift-slab machines, is then sent to curing kilns 7d is conserved, curing condition is set as 20 ± 2 DEG C of temperature, 85% or more humidity, then conserves to 28d, is formed at ambient temperature Water-permeable brick;
(5) it dispatches from the factory:Stacking is carried out by stacking machine after the instruments such as grand trigger, after the assay was approved, finished product is packaged into, is transported to finished product Stockyard waits for manufacture.
CN201810560599.2A 2018-06-01 2018-06-01 A kind of water-permeable brick and its preparation process of the infiltration of high intensity height Pending CN108675719A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110498653A (en) * 2019-09-27 2019-11-26 浙江寰龙环境科技有限公司 A kind of water-permeable brick and its preparation process of high-intensitive high infiltration
CN110981300A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-04-10 郑州腾飞建设工程集团有限公司 Recycled aggregate permeable brick and manufacturing method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105003018A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-10-28 吕权金 Water-permeable cement concrete brick and manufacturing method thereof
CN105541373A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-05-04 江苏万特福建筑构件有限公司 High-strength and permeable concrete brick
CN106242397A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-21 常州市通天水泥制品有限公司 Quartz sand base water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105003018A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-10-28 吕权金 Water-permeable cement concrete brick and manufacturing method thereof
CN105541373A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-05-04 江苏万特福建筑构件有限公司 High-strength and permeable concrete brick
CN106242397A (en) * 2016-07-28 2016-12-21 常州市通天水泥制品有限公司 Quartz sand base water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110498653A (en) * 2019-09-27 2019-11-26 浙江寰龙环境科技有限公司 A kind of water-permeable brick and its preparation process of high-intensitive high infiltration
CN110981300A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-04-10 郑州腾飞建设工程集团有限公司 Recycled aggregate permeable brick and manufacturing method thereof

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Application publication date: 20181019