CN109809753A - Corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance and its preparation method and application - Google Patents

Corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance and its preparation method and application Download PDF

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CN109809753A
CN109809753A CN201910281763.0A CN201910281763A CN109809753A CN 109809753 A CN109809753 A CN 109809753A CN 201910281763 A CN201910281763 A CN 201910281763A CN 109809753 A CN109809753 A CN 109809753A
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corrosion
artificial stone
cracking resistance
inorganic artificial
resistant inorganic
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CN109809753B (en
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张振秋
葛仲熙
刘成健
陈智丰
张淑艳
王国兴
翟朝阳
戚爱荣
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TANGSHAN POLAR BEAR BUILDING MATERIAL CO Ltd
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TANGSHAN POLAR BEAR BUILDING MATERIAL CO Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention provides corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stones of cracking resistance and its preparation method and application, are related to building materials technical field.The corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of the cracking resistance mainly uses no alkali-activated slag exciting agent, ground granulated blast furnace slag, gather materials, water-reducing agent, the raw materials such as coagulant and water are made, wherein, it can be compound without alkali-activated slag exciting agent and ground granulated blast furnace slag, the cementitious material being compounded to form is rolled over highly resistance, high compressive strength performance and resistance to sulfate, acid corrosion-resistant performance, the cementitious material has the function of the accumulation of salt in the surface soil for inhibiting the accumulation of salt in the surface soil to reduce manufactured inorganic artificial stone simultaneously, gather materials with other, water-reducing agent, the cooperation of the raw materials such as coagulant, it can assign inorganic artificial stone good cracking resistance corrosion resistance;In addition, the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone low manufacture cost of the cracking resistance, the market competitiveness are strong.The present invention also provides the preparation methods of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of above-mentioned cracking resistance, and the preparation method simple process is easy to operate, are suitable for industrialized production.

Description

Corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance and its preparation method and application
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material technical fields, in particular to the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance and its preparation Methods and applications.
Background technique
Decorative Building Stone resource is increasingly deficient, with the dual policy of Ornamental Stone Industry " transition and upgrade " and " environmental protection is renovated " Guiding, lithotome production are severely impacted, and price is higher and higher.And artificial stone industry increasingly by building trade and is built The extensive concern of material industry.
Artificial stone typically refers to artificial solid material, artificial stone quartz, artificial stone hilllock stone etc., is broadly divided into organic people Make stone and inorganic artificial stone two major classes.Organic artificial's stone is divided into resin type artificial stone and two kinds of composite artificial-stone, resin type people Making stone material is using unsaturated polyester resin as cementing agent, with natural marble rubble, quartz sand, calcite, mountain flour or other nothings Machine filler cooperates according to a certain percentage, adds the additives such as catalyst, curing agent, pigment, is process through series of processes. Using the product good luster of unsaturated polyester (UP), bright-colored abundant, good decorating effect, but there is also apparent defects, such as at This height, pollution is big in production process, and product fire protecting performance is poor, and weatherability is poor, is easy peeling, buckling deformation etc..In contrast, nothing Machine artificial stone then becomes the urgent need in market.It is cementing material that inorganic artificial stone, which mostly uses white portland cement, at present, is received Contracting is big, the easy accumulation of salt in the surface soil, easily strain cracking;Also some using aluminate cement or sulphate aluminium cement with portland cement is compound answers With, but have the defects that poor stability, the easy accumulation of salt in the surface soil, anti-carbonation properties are poor;And when making large volume quarry stone, thermal discharge is big and collects In, it directly contributes and plays powder or cracking inside quarry stone.
At least one of in consideration of it, propose a kind of technical solution to solve the above problems.
Summary of the invention
The first purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance, by each raw material and use The restriction of amount, so that the inorganic artificial stone has good cracking resistance corrosion resistance.
Second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance, the preparation side It is method simple process, easy to operate, it is suitable for industrialized production.
Third object of the present invention is to provide a kind of application of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance.
In order to realize above-mentioned purpose of the invention, the following technical scheme is adopted:
The present invention provides a kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance, is mainly made of powder and water, and the weight of water is powder The 10-14% of weight;
Wherein, the powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction: ground granulated blast furnace slag 40.0-52.8%, alkali-free mine Slag exciting agent 7.0-15.0%, the 39.8-52.74% that gathers materials, water-reducing agent 0.06-0.5% and coagulant 0.01-0.20%, powder The sum of weight fraction of each raw material is 100%.
Further, on above-mentioned technical proposal basis, the ground granulated blast furnace slag and without alkali-activated slag exciting agent structure At cementitious material can be by quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement all or part equivalent substitution;
And/or the ground granulated blast furnace slag and the cementitious material constituted without alkali-activated slag exciting agent can be by white fast solidifying Fast hard high belite sulphate aluminium cement all or part equivalent substitution;
And/or the ground granulated blast furnace slag and the cementitious material constituted without alkali-activated slag exciting agent can be modified plain boiled water Mud all or part equivalent substitution;
And/or the ground granulated blast furnace slag and the cementitious material constituted without alkali-activated slag exciting agent can be by white silicic acid Salt cement part equivalent substitution.
Further, on above-mentioned technical proposal basis, the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes fibre Dimension, the weight fraction of the fiber are 0.01-3.0%;
And/or the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes retarder, the weight fraction of the retarder is 0.01-0.3%;
And/or the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes defoaming agent, the weight fraction of the defoaming agent is 0.01-0.2%;
And/or the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes pigment, the weight fraction of the pigment is 0.01-4.0%;
And/or the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes microballon, the weight fraction of the microballon is 0.01-6.0%.
Further, on above-mentioned technical proposal basis, the fiber is alkali resistant glass fiber, carbon fiber, basalt Fiber, vinal, polyacrylonitrile fibre, hdpe fiber, Fypro, polyimide fiber, poly- third In alkene fiber or aramid fibre any one or at least two combination;
And/or the retarder is appointing in boric acid, borax, sodium gluconate, tartaric acid, citric acid or sodium citrate It anticipates a kind of or at least two combinations;
And/or the defoaming agent is organic silicon defoamer or polyethers defoaming agent.
Further, on above-mentioned technical proposal basis, the no alkali-activated slag exciting agent is granulated blast-furnace slag excitation Agent.
Further, described to gather materials including quartz sand, broken tempered glass or granular day on above-mentioned technical proposal basis In right stone material any one or at least two combination.
Further, on above-mentioned technical proposal basis, the water-reducing agent includes polycarboxylate water-reducer, melamine diminishing In agent, melamine water reducing agent, naphthalene water reducer or AE water-reducing agent any one or at least two combination;
And/or the coagulant include in lithium carbonate, lithium sulfate, lithium hydroxide or lithium chloride any one or at least Two kinds of combination.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation methods of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance, comprising the following steps:
Each raw material is mixed and is placed in mold, extrusion forming under the conditions of vacuumizing and shaking, by plate after molding Drying is demoulded, surface polishing obtains the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance;
It is placed in mold, flowing forming under the conditions of vibration, plate after molding is demoulded dry or, each raw material is mixed Dry, surface polishing obtains the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance.
Further, on above-mentioned technical proposal basis, under the conditions of vacuumizing and shaking when extrusion forming, pressure is not Less than 0.6MPa.
The present invention also provides the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of above-mentioned cracking resistance or use the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of above-mentioned cracking resistance Preparation method made from application of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance in building materials.
Compared with prior art, corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided by the invention and preparation method thereof has and has as follows Beneficial effect:
(1) the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided by the invention, mainly using no alkali-activated slag exciting agent, granulated blast-furnace mine Ground-slag, gather materials, the raw materials such as water-reducing agent, coagulant and water are made, wherein no alkali-activated slag exciting agent and ground granulated blast furnace slag can answer It closes, the cementitious material being compounded to form has highly resistance folding, high compressive strength performance and resistance to sulfate, acid corrosion-resistant performance, simultaneously The cementitious material has the function of the accumulation of salt in the surface soil for inhibiting the accumulation of salt in the surface soil to reduce manufactured inorganic artificial stone, gathers materials with other, water-reducing agent, rush The raw materials cooperation such as solidifying agent, can assign inorganic artificial stone good cracking resistance corrosion resistance;
In addition, the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone low manufacture cost of the cracking resistance, the market competitiveness are strong.
(2) the present invention provides the preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of above-mentioned cracking resistance, the preparation method simple process, It is easy to operate, it can industrial-scale production.
(3) the present invention also provides the applications of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of above-mentioned cracking resistance, in view of cracking resistance provided by the invention Advantage possessed by corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone, so that the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of the cracking resistance has widely in building materials Using can be used, for example, as artificial stone decorative plate material, artificial stone grinding stone terrace or decoration element etc..
Specific embodiment
Embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with embodiment, but those skilled in the art will Understand, the following example is merely to illustrate the present invention, and is not construed as limiting the scope of the invention.It is not specified in embodiment specific Condition person carries out according to conventional conditions or manufacturer's recommended conditions.Reagents or instruments used without specified manufacturer is The conventional products that can be obtained by commercially available purchase.
According to an aspect of the invention, there is provided a kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance, mainly by powder and water system At;
Wherein, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction: ground granulated blast furnace slag 40.0-52.8%, being swashed without alkali-activated slag Send out agent 7.0-15.0%, the 39.8-52.74% that gathers materials, water-reducing agent 0.06-0.5% and coagulant 0.01-0.20%, each original of powder The sum of weight fraction of material is 100%;
The weight of water is the 10-14% of powder weight.
The corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided by the invention, mainly using no alkali-activated slag exciting agent, granulated blast-furnace slag Powder, gather materials, the raw materials such as water-reducing agent, coagulant and water are made, wherein no alkali-activated slag exciting agent and ground granulated blast furnace slag can answer It closes, the cementitious material being compounded to form has highly resistance folding, high compressive strength performance and resistance to sulfate, acid corrosion-resistant performance, simultaneously The cementitious material is able to suppress the accumulation of salt in the surface soil that granulated blast-furnace slag accumulation of salt in the surface soil function reduces manufactured inorganic artificial stone, gather materials with other, The cooperation of the raw materials such as water-reducing agent, coagulant, can assign inorganic artificial stone good cracking resistance corrosion resistance.
Specifically, ground granulated blast furnace slag is a kind of raw material for producing cement, and in the blast furnace process pig iron, be able to silicon Hydrochlorate and alumino-silicate fusant as main component, after quenching granulating grinding, as ground granulated blast furnace slag.In the present invention In, using ground granulated blast furnace slag as raw material, it can be achieved that the effective use of resource, while reducing being produced into for inorganic artificial stone This.The typical but non-limiting weight fraction of ground granulated blast furnace slag be 40.0%, 42.0%, 44.0%, 45.0%, 46.0%, 48.0%, 50.0%, 52.0% or 52.8%.
Ground granulated blast furnace slag have the potential hydraulicity, activity is lower, thus preferably with exciting agent be used cooperatively to Be conducive to its active excitation.
Traditional alkali-activator (such as lime and portland cement clinker) although the activity of ground granulated blast furnace slag can be excited, But alkali excessive in alkali-activator be easy to cause the inorganic artificial stone accumulation of salt in the surface soil, later strength may retraction, to be easy to draw Hair cracking.
In the present invention, it using the activity of no alkali-activated slag exciting agent excitation ground granulated blast furnace slag, is excited by no alkali-activated slag The compound ground granulated blast furnace slag of agent is formed by cementitious material with good resistance to sulfate, acid corrosion-resistant performance, by GB/T Method as defined in 749-2008 is measured the cementitious material, 28d the and 180d erosion factor of resistance to sulfate is up to 1.2 Hes 1.15;By method as defined in GB/T 749-2008, attack solution is changed to the sulfuric acid solution that pH value is 3.0,28d and 180d Resistant to sulfur acid attack coefficient is respectively 1.1 and 1.05, and the resistance to sulfate of the cementitious material, acid corrosion-resistant performance also ensure inorganic people Stone is made with certain corrosion resistance;Meanwhile the cementitious material also has the function of to inhibit the accumulation of salt in the surface soil, thus inorganic made of reducing The accumulation of salt in the surface soil of artificial stone, so that inorganic artificial stone has certain cracking resistance;In addition, the cementitious material Hunter whiteness reach 82 with Upper (by the measurement of method as defined in GB/T2015-2005 appendix A) adds seldom pigment if fine aggregate is using white quartz sand The inorganic artificial stone of different colours is made.
The dosage of no alkali-activated slag exciting agent and the dosage of ground granulated blast furnace slag match.In the present invention, no alkali-activated slag The typical but non-limiting weight fraction of exciting agent be 7.0%, 8.0%, 9.0%, 10.0%, 11.0%, 12.0%, 13.0%, 14.0% or 15.0%.
Gathering materials is one of main composition material of inorganic artificial stone, mainly rise skeleton function, decoration function and reduction due to Cementitious material volume change caused by drying shrinkage bulking in condensation hardening process, while also as the cheap filling of cementitious material Material.The specific type gathered materials is not especially limited, can be selected according to actual needs.
The typical but non-limiting weight fraction to gather materials that gathers materials be 39.8%, 42.0%, 44.0%, 45.0%, 46.0%, 48.0%, 50.0%, 52.0% or 52.74%.
The effect of water-reducing agent mainly increases hydration efficiency, reduces the inorganic artificial water consumption made of stones for during.Diminishing The typical but non-limiting weight fraction of agent be 0.06%, 0.1%, 0.15%, 0.2%, 0.25%, 0.3%, 0.35%, 0.4%, 0.45% or 0.5%.
Coagulant is then to shorten setting time and improve early strength.The weight fraction of typical but non-limiting coagulant For 0.01%, 0.04%, 0.05%, 0.06%, 0.08%, 0.1%, 0.12%, 0.15%, 0.16%, 0.18% or 0.20%.
For the specific type of water-reducing agent and coagulant, be not especially limited herein, can be needed according to actual product into Row is selected.
The weight of water account for powder weight typical but non-limiting weight fraction be 10.0%, 10.5%, 11.0%, 11.5%, 12.0%, 12.5%, 13.0%, 13.5%, 14.0%, 14.5% or 15.0%.
It removes without alkali-activated slag exciting agent, ground granulated blast furnace slag, gather materials, diminishing in addition, the " comprising " in the present invention refers to It can also include other raw materials, such as retarder, defoaming agent etc., " comprising " may be replaced by sealing except agent, coagulant and water " for " of enclosed or " by ... form ".
As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, no alkali-activated slag exciting agent is granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent.
It should be noted that granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent is a no alkali-activated slag excitation of the applicant's independent research Agent is detailed in Chinese patent application CN201711219813.X.Specifically, the weight percent meter packet of granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent Include following raw material: gypsum 62-95% and high belite sulphoaluminate cement clinker 5-38%.It is compound using no alkali-activated slag exciting agent Ground granulated blast furnace slag can prepare the cementitious material that early strength fits intermediary and later stages anti-folding and compression strength is high and bend-press ratio is big.
By to no specific kind of restriction of alkali-activated slag exciting agent, so that without alkali-activated slag exciting agent and ground granulated blast furnace slag The cementitious material performance being compounded to form is more excellent, is conducive to the further promotion of inorganic artificial stone performance.
Cementitious material is formed by with resistance to sulfate, acidproof using no compound ground granulated blast furnace slag of alkali-activated slag exciting agent Corrosive nature ensure that the corrosion resistance of inorganic artificial stone.
As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, ground granulated blast furnace slag and the gelling constituted without alkali-activated slag exciting agent Material can be by quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement all or part equivalent substitution;
It specifically refers to that the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of ground granulated blast furnace slag can be used in the raw material of the inorganic artificial stone As cementitious material, can also partially can also be adopted using quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement as cementitious material With the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of ground granulated blast furnace slag, quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement is partially used, jointly As cementitious material.Equivalent substitution refers to the dosage of quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement and the granulated blast-furnace of pre-substitution The dosage for the cementitious material that the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of slag powders is formed is identical.For example, working as the weight of ground granulated blast furnace slag Score is 40%, and the weight fraction of compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent is 8%, using quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement When the cementitious material that replacing whole is formed by the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of ground granulated blast furnace slag, quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphur Weight fraction of the aluminate cement in powder is 48%;It is compounded to form when ground granulated blast furnace slag with no alkali-activated slag exciting agent When cementitious material is 50%, substituted using quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement part compound by ground granulated blast furnace slag When the cementitious material that no alkali-activated slag exciting agent is formed, the weight fraction of three can be in cementitious material are as follows: the high shellfish of quick setting and rapid hardening Sharp spy's sulphate aluminium cement 14%, ground granulated blast furnace slag 30% and without alkali-activated slag exciting agent 6%.For the feelings of part substitution Condition, the ratio of three kinds of raw materials can be changed arbitrarily in the range of composite gelled material, be not zero.
As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, ground granulated blast furnace slag and the gelling constituted without alkali-activated slag exciting agent Material is by white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement all or part equivalent substitution.
It specifically refers to that the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of ground granulated blast furnace slag can be used in the raw material of the inorganic artificial stone , can also be using white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement as cementitious material as cementitious material, it can be with portion Divide and use the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of ground granulated blast furnace slag, partially using white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite aluminium sulfate water Mud, collectively as cementitious material.
Equivalent substitution refers to the dosage of white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement and the granulated blast-furnace of pre-substitution The dosage for the cementitious material that the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of slag powders is formed is identical.For example, working as the weight of ground granulated blast furnace slag Score is 40%, and the weight fraction of compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent is 8%, using white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite aluminium sulfate When the cementitious material that cement replacing whole is formed by the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of ground granulated blast furnace slag, white quick setting and rapid hardening is high Weight fraction of the belite sulphate aluminium cement in powder is 48%;When ground granulated blast furnace slag is multiple with no alkali-activated slag exciting agent It is high by granulation using white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement part substitution when the cementitious material for closing formation is 50% When the cementitious material that the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of furnace slag powders is formed, the weight fraction of three can be in cementitious material are as follows: White quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement 14%, ground granulated blast furnace slag 30% and without alkali-activated slag exciting agent 6%.It is right In part substitute the case where, the ratio of three kinds of raw materials can be changed arbitrarily in the range of composite gelled material, be not zero.
It should be noted that quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement, white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphur aluminic acid Salt cement is the product of the applicant's independent research, be detailed in respectively Chinese patent application CN201410416928.8 and CN201510060196.8。
Wherein, include in mineralogical composition contained by quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement (clinker) C4AF、C2S、CaSO4, f-CaO, the quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphoaluminate cement clinker by following weight percent mine Object composition: 20-35%'sThe C of 3-9%4The C of AF, 37-47%2The f-CaO of S, 0.5-4.6%, 14-26.3%'s CaSO4, surplus is to mix mineralogical composition;White quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement (clinker) is by following weight percent The mineral composition of ratio: 22.67-37.24%'sThe C of 37.02-46.21%2The CaSO of S, 13.51-26.33%4, The C of the f-CaO of 0.5-4.6%, 0.46-3.04%4AF, surplus are to mix mineralogical composition.It is innovative in above two system Ground is by introducing suitable free calcium oxide and sulfuric acid in the cementitious material system using anhydrous calcium sulphoaluminate as essential mineral Calcium controls the type and quantity and growth course and pattern of the main hydration products of generation, regulates and controls water during hydration and hardening Change between product with microstructure Proper Match, realizes the volume stability of cementitious material, air shrinkage value is only portland cement 10% or so.Further, it by the Optimized Matching of optimization design anhydrous calcium sulphoaluminate, free calcium oxide and calcium sulfate, realizes Three's hydration and hardening process is mutually promoted, and further promotes the hydration and hardening of low activity mineral belite, to realize The quick setting and rapid hardening performance of cement, 4h compression strength are up to 20MPa.
Quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement and white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement itself Chemical composition characteristic, so that it is formed by cementitious material with good volume stability, to be conducive to inorganic artificial stone The promotion of cracking resistance.
In addition, quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement and white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement master There are following four specifications and models: white cracking resistance quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement (referred to as white cracking resistance double quick Cement), cracking resistance quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement (abbreviation cracking resistance double-quick cement), the strong quick setting and rapid hardening of white superelevation it is high Belite sulphate aluminium cement (the referred to as strong double-quick cement of white superelevation), high-strength quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement (referred to as high-strength double-quick cement).
As another optional embodiment of the invention, ground granulated blast furnace slag and the glue constituted without alkali-activated slag exciting agent Gel material can be modified white cement all or part equivalent substitution;
It specifically refers to that the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of ground granulated blast furnace slag can be used in the raw material of the inorganic artificial stone , can also be using modified white cement as cementitious material as cementitious material, it can also be partially multiple using ground granulated blast furnace slag It closes without alkali-activated slag exciting agent, partially using modified white cement, collectively as cementitious material.
Equivalent substitution refers to that the compound no alkali-activated slag of ground granulated blast furnace slag of the dosage and pre-substitution of modified white cement excites Dosage form at cementitious material dosage it is identical.For example, when the weight fraction of ground granulated blast furnace slag is 40%, compound no alkali-activated slag The weight fraction of exciting agent is 8%, is excited using modified white cement replacing whole by the compound no alkali-activated slag of ground granulated blast furnace slag Dosage form at cementitious material when, weight fraction of the modified white cement in powder is 48%;Using modified white cement part substitution When the cementitious material formed by the compound no alkali-activated slag exciting agent of ground granulated blast furnace slag, when the weight of ground granulated blast furnace slag in powder Measuring score is 30%, and when the weight fraction of no alkali-activated slag exciting agent is 6%, weight fraction of the modified white cement in powder is then 12%.The case where substituting for part, the ratio of three kinds of raw materials can be changed arbitrarily in the range of composite gelled material, not be Zero.
It should be noted that modified white cement is also that the applicant passes through a product to independent research.Specifically, changing Property white cement is that base-material is made with white portland cement, makees modifying agent with white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement, Add aluminum sulfate to make auxiliary regulator, is mixed to prepare.When doing base-material, white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphur with white portland cement The each component weight percent of aluminate cement modified white cement when being modifying agent are as follows: white portland cement 60-90% and white Color quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement 10-40%;When using white portland cement as base-material, with white quick setting and rapid hardening High belite sulphate aluminium cement is modifying agent, when using aluminum sulfate as regulator, the weight percentage of each component of modified cement are as follows: White portland cement 60-89.9%, white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement 10-39.9% and aluminum sulfate 0.1- 3%.
White quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement has good resistance to sulfate and acid corrosion-resistant performance, compared with Large scale and compound become of white portland cement are modified white cement, improve resistance to sulfate and acid corrosion-resistant performance naturally;Sulphur Compound become of the white quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement and white portland cement of sour aluminium and larger proportion is modified White cement improves micro-expansibility energy, further reduced the drying shrinkage of cement, can improve cracking resistance.
As another optional embodiment of the invention, ground granulated blast furnace slag and the glue constituted without alkali-activated slag exciting agent Gel material can be by white portland cement part equivalent substitution.
The specific type gathered materials is not construed as limiting.As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, gather materials including quartz In sand, broken tempered glass or granular lithotome any one or at least two combination.
Wherein, gather materials and the quartz sand progress gradation of different-grain diameter, such as quartz sand, the 40-80 purpose of 20-40 mesh can be used The quartz sand of quartz sand and 80-120 mesh.The type of granular lithotome has very much, such as Dandong is green, chicken red blood or white side Xie Shi.
As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, water-reducing agent includes polycarboxylate water-reducer, melamine water-reducing agent, melamine In amine water-reducing agent, naphthalene water reducer or AE water-reducing agent any one or at least two combination.
As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, coagulant includes lithium carbonate, lithium sulfate, lithium hydroxide or lithium chloride In any one or at least two combination.
By to gather materials, water-reducing agent and the specific kind of restriction of coagulant so that between above-mentioned material and cementitious material With good mating reaction.
Resist in order to further enhance the cracking resistance energy of inorganic artificial stone as a kind of optional embodiment of the invention The raw material for splitting corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone further includes fiber.
The specific type of fiber is not especially limited, preferably alkali resistant glass fiber, carbon fiber, basalt fibre, poly- second Enol fiber, polyacrylonitrile fibre, hdpe fiber, Fypro, polyimide fiber, polypropylene fibre or virtue In polyamide fiber any one or at least two combination.
The used in amounts of fiber will be added according to actual product performance.As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, The weight fraction of fiber is 0.01-3.0%, the weight fraction of typical but non-limiting fiber is 0.01%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.2%, 1.5%, 1.8%, 2.0%, 2.2%, 2.5%, 2.8%, 2.9% or 3.0%.
As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes retarder, main If improving late strength for extending setting time.
Preferably, retarder is any one in boric acid, borax, sodium gluconate, tartaric acid, citric acid or sodium citrate Kind or at least two combination;
The used in amounts of retarder will be added according to actual product performance.As a kind of optional embodiment party of the invention Formula, the weight fraction of retarder are 0.01-0.3%, the weight fraction of typical but non-limiting retarder is 0.01%, 0.04%, 0.05%, 0.06%, 0.08%, 0.1%, 0.12%, 0.15%, 0.16%, 0.18%, 0.20%, 0.22%, 0.25%, 0.26%, 0.28% or 0.30%.
As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes defoaming agent.It is excellent Selection of land, defoaming agent are organic silicon defoamer or polyethers defoaming agent.
The weight fraction of defoaming agent is 0.01-0.20%, and the weight fraction of typical but non-limiting defoaming agent is 0.01%, 0.04%, 0.05%, 0.06%, 0.08%, 0.1%, 0.12%, 0.15%, 0.16%, 0.18% or 0.20%.
As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes pigment, pigment Type have very much, such as yellow pigment or titanium dioxide etc. in iron oxide red, cobalt blue, liquid phthalocyanine blue, liquid.
The weight fraction of pigment is 0.01-4.0%.The weight fraction of typical but non-limiting pigment be 0.01%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.2%, 1.5%, 1.8%, 2.0%, 2.2%, 2.5%, 2.8%, 2.9%, 3.0%, 3.2%, 3.5%, 3.8%, 3.9% or 4.0%.
As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes microballon, pigment Weight fraction be 0.01-6.0%.The weight fraction of typical but non-limiting microballon be 0.01%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.2%, 1.5%, 1.8%, 2.0%, 2.2%, 2.5%, 2.8%, 3.0%, 3.2%, 3.5%, 3.8%, 4.0%, 4.2%, 4.5%, 4.8%, 5.0%, 5.2%, 5.5%, 5.8% or 6.0%.
According to the second aspect of the invention, the preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of above-mentioned cracking resistance, root are additionally provided The mortar for being modulated into different fluidities and Bo Shi consistency is required according to technique, comprising the following steps:
Each raw material is mixed and is placed in mold, extrusion forming under the conditions of vacuumizing and shaking, by plate after molding Drying is demoulded, surface polishing obtains the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance;
It is placed in mold, flowing forming under the conditions of vibration, plate after molding is demoulded dry or, each raw material is mixed Dry, surface polishing obtains the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance.
The corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial of cracking resistance Preparation Method simple process made of stones provided by the invention, operates conveniently, is suitable for advising greatly The industrial production of mould.
As a kind of optional embodiment of the invention, under the conditions of vacuumizing and shaking when extrusion forming, pressure is not small In 0.6MPa.
According to the third aspect of the present invention, it additionally provides the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of above-mentioned cracking resistance or uses above-mentioned cracking resistance Application of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance made from the preparation method of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone in building materials.
In view of advantage possessed by the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided by the invention, so that the cracking resistance is corrosion-resistant inorganic Artificial stone has a wide range of applications in building materials, can be used, for example, as artificial stone decorative plate material, artificial stone grinding stone terrace or dress Adorn component etc..
Combined with specific embodiments below and comparative example, the invention will be further described.It should be noted that embodiment and Used raw material sources are as follows in comparative example:
Granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent: Tangshan Polar Bear Building Material Co., Ltd., product type BJX-AFA;42.5 grade is white Color cracking resistance double-quick cement: Tangshan Polar Bear Building Material Co., Ltd., product type BS-WCFR42.5;42.5 grades of cracking resistance double quick water Mud: Tangshan Polar Bear Building Material Co., Ltd., product type BS-CFR42.5;62.5 grades of strong double-quick cements of white superelevation: Tangshan Polar bear building materials Co., Ltd, product type BS-WSFR62.5.
Embodiment 1
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is The 14% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
S95 grades of ground granulated blast furnace slags 40.0%, granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent 15.0%, gathering materials 44.7%, 2651 subtracts Aqua 0.1% and coagulant lithium sulfate 0.20%.
Wherein, gather materials including 20-40 mesh crystobalite sand 17%, 40-80 mesh quartz sand 15.8% and 80-120 mesh quartz Sand 10.9% and the colour toughened glass 1.00% of 1-6mm.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided in this embodiment, comprising the following steps:
Above-mentioned raw materials are mixed to (its mobile performance is controlled by Bo Shi consistency), vacuumize and under vibrating state Extrusion forming in mold, pressure are not less than 0.6MPa, and plate after molding is demoulded drying, surface polishing etc., it is resistance to obtain cracking resistance Corrode inorganic artificial stone.
Embodiment 2
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is The 13% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
8.0%, 42.5 grade of S95 grades of ground granulated blast furnace slags 36.0%, granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent cracking resistance double-quick cement 10.0%, gather materials 45.93%, C900 water-reducing agent 0.06% and coagulant lithium sulfate 0.01%.
Wherein, gather materials including 20-40 mesh crystobalite sand 21%, 40-80 mesh quartz sand 12.93% and 80-120 mesh quartz Sand 11.0% and the colour toughened glass 1.00% of 1-6mm.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided in this embodiment is same as Example 1.
Embodiment 3
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is The 13% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
S95 grades of ground granulated blast furnace slags 36.0%, 8.0%, 62.5 grade of granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent white superelevation are double by force Fast cement 10.0%, gather materials 45.84%, C900 water-reducing agent 0.10%, coagulant lithium sulfate 0.01% and retarder citric acid 0.05%.
Wherein, gather materials including 20-40 mesh crystobalite sand 21.00%, 40-80 mesh quartz sand 12.76% and 80-120 mesh Quartz sand 11.08% and the colour toughened glass 1.00% of 1-6mm.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided in this embodiment is same as Example 1.
Embodiment 4
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is The 13% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
S95 grades of ground granulated blast furnace slags 52.8%, granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent 7.20%, gather materials 39.80%, melamine Amine SM water-reducing agent 0.10% and coagulant lithium sulfate 0.10%.
Wherein, gather materials including 20-40 mesh crystobalite sand 15.00%, 40-80 mesh quartz sand 12.20% and 80-120 mesh Quartz sand 11.60% and the variegated broken Yuhuatai colorful pebble 1.00% of 1-3mm.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided in this embodiment is same as Example 1.
Embodiment 5
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is The 13% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
S95 grades of ground granulated blast furnace slags 14.2%, 2.0%, 42.5 grade of granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent white cracking resistance double quick Cement 8.79%, 39.8%, 2651 water-reducing agents 0.10% that gather materials, promotees 52.5 grades of white portland cements 35.0% of A Erbo board Solidifying agent lithium sulfate 0.01% and retarder boric acid 0.1%.
Wherein, gather materials including 20-40 mesh crystobalite sand 12.00%, 40-80 mesh quartz sand 12.80% and 80-120 mesh Quartz sand 10.0% and 0.6-1mm transparent toughened glass 5.00%.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided in this embodiment is same as Example 1.
Embodiment 6
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is The 11% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
42.5 grades of white cracking resistance double-quick cements 47.5%, gather materials 45.0%, C900 water-reducing agent 0.38%, coagulant lithium sulfate 0.01%, retarder 0.15%, microballon 1.5%, the Mount Taishan 12mm long board short glass fiber 3.0%, pigment 2.36% and 8850 Defoaming agent 0.10%.
Wherein, gather materials for 20-40 mesh crystobalite sand 5.00%, 40-80 mesh quartz sand 10.00%, the transparent tempering of 0.6-1mm Glass 20.00% and 10-25mm white calcite 10%;Pigment is liquid phthalocyanine blue 0.2% and titanium dioxide 2.16%;Slow setting Agent is citric acid 0.10% and boric acid 0.05%.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided in this embodiment, comprising the following steps:
By above-mentioned raw materials through being mixed, 5min or more is stirred using 70 turns/min or more high-speed mixer, is formed higher Mobility mortar (its mobile performance by Mortar'S Flowability control), pours into mold, the flowing forming in a mold under vibrating state, Demoulding drying, the processes such as surface polishing are process.
Embodiment 7
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is The 13% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
The strong double-quick cement 20.0% of 42.5 grades of white cracking resistance double-quick cements, 28.39%, 62.5 grade of white superelevation gathers materials 46.32%, 2651 water-reducing agents 0.38%, coagulant lithium sulfate 0.01%, retarder 0.20%, microballon 2.0%, 6mm long PVA are fine Dimension 0.1%, pigment 2.50% and 801 defoaming agents 0.10%.
Wherein, gather materials for 20-40 mesh crystobalite sand 5.00%, 40-80 mesh quartz sand 6.32%, the transparent tempering of 0.6-1mm Glass 20.00% and the variegated broken Agate 15.00% of 3-6mm;Pigment is iron oxide red 0.1%, cobalt blue 0.4% and titanium white Powder 2.00%;Retarder is citric acid 0.10% and boric acid 0.10%.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided in this embodiment is same as Example 6.
Embodiment 8
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is The 12% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
Modified white cement 50.0%, the 47.74%, water-reducing agent 0.50% that gathers materials, coagulant lithium sulfate 0.06%, retarder 0.30%, pigment 1.20% and 8850 defoaming agents 0.20%.
Wherein, gather materials for 20-40 mesh crystobalite sand 5.00%, 40-80 mesh quartz sand 5.00%, 80-120 mesh quartz sand 5.74%, 0.6-1mm transparent toughened glass 10.00%, the Dandong 8-12mm is green 6.00%, 8-12mm chicken red blood 6.00% and 10-25mm white calcite 10.00%;Water-reducing agent is C900 water-reducing agent 0.36% and melamine SM water-reducing agent 0.14%;Face Material is iron oxide red 0.6% and liquid phthalocyanine blue 0.6%;Retarder is citric acid 0.15% and boric acid 0.15%.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided in this embodiment is same as Example 6.
Embodiment 9
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is the check experiment of embodiment 1, wherein this implementation Using cracking resistance quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement (42.5 grades of white cracking resistance double-quick cements) whole equivalent substitutions in example The cementitious material that granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent and ground granulated blast furnace slag are constituted, remaining raw material and dosage are same as Example 1.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of the cracking resistance of the present embodiment 1 is same as Example 1.
Embodiment 10
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is the check experiment of embodiment 1, wherein this implementation In example all using the strong quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement of white superelevation (62.5 grades of strong double-quick cements of white superelevation) The cementitious material that equivalent substitution granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent and ground granulated blast furnace slag are constituted, remaining raw material and dosage and implementation Example 1 is identical.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of the cracking resistance of the present embodiment 1 is same as Example 1.
Embodiment 11
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is the check experiment of embodiment 1, wherein this implementation The gelling constituted in example using modified white cement whole equivalent substitution granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent and ground granulated blast furnace slag Material, remaining raw material and dosage are same as Example 1.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of the cracking resistance of the present embodiment 1 is same as Example 1.
Embodiment 12
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is The 13% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
S95 grades of ground granulated blast furnace slags 28.44%, 7.11%, 42.5 grade of granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent white cracking resistance are double Fast cement 7.7%, gather materials 52.74%, titanium dioxide 4.0% and coagulant lithium sulfate 0.01%.
Wherein, gather materials including 20-40 mesh crystobalite sand 23.82%, 40-80 mesh quartz sand 14.42%, 80-120 mesh quartz Sand 13.5% and the colour toughened glass 1.00% of 1-6mm.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided in this embodiment is same as Example 1.
Embodiment 13
A kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance is present embodiments provided, is mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is The 12% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
S95 grades of ground granulated blast furnace slags 12.0%, 3.0%, 62.5 grade of granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent white superelevation are double by force Fast cement 35.0%, gather materials 47.80%, 2651 water-reducing agents 0.36%, retarder 0.14%, coagulant lithium sulfate 0.02%, face Material 1.58% and 8850 defoaming agents 0.10%.
Wherein, gather materials for 40-80 mesh quartz sand 7.00%, 80-120 mesh quartz sand 7.80%, the transparent tempering glass of 0.6-1mm The variegated broken Yuhuatai colorful pebble 6.00% of glass 15.00%, 1-3mm, Dandong 8-12mm green 6.00% and 8-12mm chicken red blood 6.00%;Face Expect for yellow pigment 0.18% and titanium dioxide 1.0% in liquid phthalocyanine blue 0.4%, liquid;Retarder is citric acid 0.06% and boron Acid 0.08%.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance provided in this embodiment is same as Example 6.
Comparative example 1
This comparative example provides a kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance, is the comparative test of embodiment 1, wherein powder packet Include the raw material of following weight fraction:
S95 grades of ground granulated blast furnace slags 55.0%, granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent 6.0%, gather materials 38.7%, 2651 diminishings Agent 0.1% and coagulant lithium sulfate 0.20%.
Remaining raw material composition and type are same as Example 1.
The preparation method of this comparative example is same as Example 1.
Comparative example 2
This comparative example provides a kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance, is the check experiment of embodiment 1, wherein using white The cementitious material that color portland cement whole equivalent substitution granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent and ground granulated blast furnace slag are constituted, remaining Raw material is same as Example 1 with dosage.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of the cracking resistance of this comparative example is same as Example 1.
Comparative example 3
This comparative example provides a kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance, is the check experiment of embodiment 1, in cracking resistance corrosion resistant It loses in the raw material of inorganic artificial stone and is not added with granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent, remaining raw material is made to dosage according to embodiment 1 corresponding Adjustment.
The preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of the cracking resistance of this comparative example is same as Example 1.
Comparative example 4
This comparative example provides a kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance, is the comparative experiments of embodiment 13, the inorganic people It makes stone to be mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is the 12% of powder weight;
Wherein, using powder as calculating benchmark, powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction:
S95 grades of ground granulated blast furnace slags 12.0%, 3.0%, 62.5 grade of granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent white superelevation are double by force Fast cement 35.0%, gather materials 47.80%, 2651 water-reducing agents 0.36%, retarder 0.14%, pigment 1.60% and 8850 defoaming agents 0.10%.
Wherein, gather materials for 40-80 mesh quartz sand 7.00%, 80-120 mesh quartz sand 7.80%, the transparent tempering glass of 0.6-1mm The variegated broken Yuhuatai colorful pebble 6.00% of glass 15.00%, 1-3mm, Dandong 8-12mm green 6.00% and 8-12mm chicken red blood 6.00%;Face Expect for yellow pigment 0.2% and titanium dioxide 1.0% in liquid phthalocyanine blue 0.4%, liquid;Retarder is citric acid 0.06% and boric acid 0.08%.
The preparation method of this comparative example is identical as embodiment 13.
For the effect for verifying each embodiment and comparative example, ad hoc following experimental example.
Experimental example 1
The property of Mortar'S Flowability or Bo Shi consistency and the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance to each embodiment and comparative example Energy parameter is measured.Wherein, Mortar'S Flowability mobility is by the measurement of test method specified in JC/T 986-2005, mortar Bo Shi consistency presses GB/T 50080-2016 Standard for test methods of properties of ordinary concrete mixture standard test, inorganic artificial stone intensity By JC/T908-2013 " artificial stone " standard, concrete outcome is shown in Table 1.
The performance parameter for the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance that each embodiment and comparative example of table 1 provides
It can be seen that the overall performance for the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance that embodiment 1-13 is provided from the data in table 1 The corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance of comparative example 1-4 offer is provided.
Comparative example 1-3 is the comparative experiments of embodiment 1.Wherein, S95 grade ground granulated blast furnace slag, the grain in comparative example 1 The dosage changing blast-furnace cinder exciting agent and gathering materials is different from embodiment 1, and dosage is beyond present invention numerical value claimed Range.The performance for the inorganic artificial stone that comparative example 1 provides it can be seen from data in table 1 decreased significantly compared to embodiment 1, This illustrates that inorganic artificial stone will obtain good performance, and each raw material dosage should also control in certain numberical range.
Compared with Example 1, it is excited in comparative example 2 using white portland cement whole equivalent substitution granulated blast-furnace slag The cementitious material that agent and ground granulated blast furnace slag are constituted.The inorganic artificial stone that comparative example 2 provides it can be seen from data in table 1 Performance far inferior to embodiment 1.This illustrates that influence of the selection of cementitious material for inorganic artificial stone properties of product has direct shadow It rings.
Compared with Example 1, comparative example 3 is not added with granulated blast-furnace slag in the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance Exciting agent.It can be seen from the data in Table 1 that comparative example 3 can not make inorganic artificial stone at all, this illustrates granulated blast-furnace slag Exciting agent has extremely strong intensity excitation, during preparing inorganic artificial stone, granulated blast-furnace mine to ground granulated blast furnace slag Ground-slag cannot be used alone.
Comparative example 4 is the comparative experiments of embodiment 13, and the difference of the two is the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance In whether add coagulant.It can be seen from the data in Table 1 that coagulant is for the compression strength of inorganic artificial stone early stage and anti- Folding intensity has a certain impact.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention., rather than its limitations;To the greatest extent Pipe present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: its according to So be possible to modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments, or to some or all of the technical features into Row equivalent replacement;And these are modified or replaceed, various embodiments of the present invention technology that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution The range of scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance, which is characterized in that be mainly made of powder and water, the weight of water is powder weight The 10-14% of amount;
Wherein, the powder includes the raw material of following weight fraction: ground granulated blast furnace slag 40.0-52.8%, being swashed without alkali-activated slag Send out agent 7.0-15.0%, the 39.8-52.74% that gathers materials, water-reducing agent 0.06-0.5% and coagulant 0.01-0.20%, each original of powder The sum of weight fraction of material is 100%.
2. the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the ground granulated blast furnace slag and The cementitious material that no alkali-activated slag exciting agent is constituted can be by quick setting and rapid hardening high belite sulphate aluminium cement all or part equivalent Substitution;
And/or the ground granulated blast furnace slag and the cementitious material constituted without alkali-activated slag exciting agent can be by white quick setting and rapid hardenings High belite sulphate aluminium cement all or part equivalent substitution;
And/or the ground granulated blast furnace slag and the cementitious material white cement that can be modified constituted without alkali-activated slag exciting agent it is complete Portion or part equivalent substitution;
And/or the ground granulated blast furnace slag and the cementitious material constituted without alkali-activated slag exciting agent can be by white silicate water Mud part equivalent substitution.
3. the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the corrosion-resistant inorganic people of cracking resistance The raw material for making stone includes fiber, and the weight fraction of the fiber is 0.01-3.0%;
And/or the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes retarder, the weight fraction of the retarder is 0.01-0.3%;
And/or the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes defoaming agent, the weight fraction of the defoaming agent is 0.01-0.2%;
And/or the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes pigment, the weight fraction of the pigment is 0.01- 4.0%;
And/or the raw material of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance includes microballon, the weight fraction of the microballon is 0.01- 6.0%.
4. the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the fiber is alkali resistant glass fibers Dimension, basalt fibre, vinal, polyacrylonitrile fibre, hdpe fiber, Fypro, is gathered carbon fiber In imide fiber, polypropylene fibre or aramid fibre any one or at least two combination;
And/or the retarder is any one in boric acid, borax, sodium gluconate, tartaric acid, citric acid or sodium citrate Kind or at least two combination;
And/or the defoaming agent is organic silicon defoamer or polyethers defoaming agent.
5. the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance according to any one of claims 1-4, which is characterized in that the alkali-free mine Slag exciting agent is granulated blast-furnace slag exciting agent.
6. the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance according to any one of claims 1-4, which is characterized in that the packet that gathers materials Include in quartz sand, broken tempered glass or granular lithotome any one or at least two combination.
7. the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance according to any one of claims 1-4, which is characterized in that the water-reducing agent Including in polycarboxylate water-reducer, melamine water-reducing agent, melamine water reducing agent, naphthalene water reducer or AE water-reducing agent any one or At least two combination;
And/or the coagulant include in lithium carbonate, lithium sulfate, lithium hydroxide or lithium chloride any one or at least two Combination.
8. the preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance described in claim 1-7 any one, which is characterized in that including Following steps:
Each raw material is mixed and is placed in mold, extrusion forming under the conditions of vacuumizing and shaking demoulds plate after molding Dry, surface polishing obtains the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance;
It is placed in mold or, each raw material is mixed, flowing forming under the conditions of vibration, plate after molding is demoulded into drying, Surface polishing obtains the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance.
9. the preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance according to claim 8, which is characterized in that vacuumizing and Under the conditions of vibration when extrusion forming, pressure is not less than 0.6MPa.
10. the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance described in claim 1-7 any one uses described in claim 8 or 9 Application of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance in building materials made from the preparation method of the corrosion-resistant inorganic artificial stone of cracking resistance.
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